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SHODHANGA
SNEHAPANA
Dr Akshay Shetty
Associate Professor
Department of Panchakarma
SSRAMC & H Inchal
Contents
Objectives
Methods of Shodhana Snehana
Shodhanaga snehapana
Poorva karma
Pradhana Karma
Paschat Karma
Snehana Vyapt
Management of Snehana Vyapat
Summary
References
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 2
Objectives
By the end of the presentation the students
must be able to—
1. Illustrate Methods of Shodhana Snehana
2. Elaborate Shodhanaga snehapana
3. Plan Poorva karma
i. List Sambhara Samgraha
ii. Explain Atura Pariksha
iii. Elucidate Matra Kalavadhi Nirnaya
(Sneha Prakarsha Kala)
iv. Justify Atura Siddhata
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 3
Cont..
4. Plan Pradhana Karma
i. Administer Sneha and Anupana
ii. Observe
I. Sneha Jiryamana Lakshana
II. Sneha Jirna Lakshana
III. Samyak Snigdha - Ati Snigdha
and Asnigdha Lakshana
5. Plan Paschat Karma
6. List Snehana Vyapt
7. Plan treatment of Snehana Vyapat
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 4
Snehana used in the
Purvakarma of
Shodhana is
Shodhana Snehana.
This is also known as
Shodhananga Snehana
or Shodhanapurva
Snehana
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 5
Shodhana Snehana Methods
Shodhana Snehana is carried out through any
one of the following methods.
• Matranusara Snehapana
• Arohana Snehapana
• Pravicharana Snehapana
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 6
Matranusara Snehapana
Achieving Snigdha Lakshana with in the required number of days is depends on
the proper dose of Shodhana Snehapana.
If the Sneha is administered in less than required quantity it will fail to produce
Snigdha Lakshana and if the excessive quantity is administered it is likely to
produce Ati Snigdha Lakshana.
Fixing the Dosage of Sneha in numerical value is not possible with the reason
that, dose will vary from person to person based on Doshadi factors
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 7
• Hence with this idea Dosage of the Sneha is explained based on
the time required for the digestion of Sneha viz,
Hrasiyasi Matra
Hrasva Matra
Madhyama Matra
Uttama Matra
[Arunadatta and Hemadri on A.H.Su.16/17, 18].
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 8
• Hrasiyasi Matra is a trail dose, which is administered on the first day of
Snehapana.
• One of the actions of Uttama Matra Snehapana is explained as Vikara
Shamana and that of Hrasva Matra as Brumhana
• Cakrapani mentions that Uttama Matra should be used for Shamana and not
for Shodhana Purva Snehana. So doubt may arise regarding usage of Uttama
and Hrasva Matra as Shodhana Purva Snehapana Dosage.
• But Dalhana commenting on Su.Ci.31/14 clears this by mentioning that, the
Uttama, Madhyama and Hrasva Matra, can be used as Shodhana Snehapana
Matra in appropriate condition
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 9
Arohana Snehapana
• The word Arohana means the act of rising, ascending. [Monier Williams 1899]
• Arohana Snehapana can be defined as an oral administration of Sneha in the
increment Dosage.
• The clear-cut reference of Arohana Snehapana is available in Kalyanakaraka [6th
A.D], where it is quoted that the individual who is posted for Snehapana
should drink Ghrita or Taila in the increment [Krama Vardhitam Pibet] Dosage
for 3, 5 or 7 days.
• Then Vangasena [9th A.D.] also clearly described the method of Arohana
Snehapana.
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 10
गृह्णात्यम्बु यथा वस्त्रं प्रस्रवत्यधिक
ं यथा| यथाधि जीययधि स्नेहस्तथा स्रवधि चाधिकः||९६||
यथा वाऽऽक्लेद्य मृत्पिण्डमाधिक्तं त्वरया जलम्| स्रवधि स्रंििे स्नेहस्तथा
त्वररििेधविः||९७|| Ca Su 13
• Just as a piece of cloth only absorbs water as much as it can and leaves off the
excess, similarly agni (digestive power) digests fat as much as it can and expels
the excess from the body. Just as a mud ball expels excess water without
getting over-moistened when water is poured over it quickly, similarly the
body expels fat that has been consumed very quickly.
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 11
Dosage
[Matra]
DAY
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
12 Karsha 14 Karsha 16 Karsha 18 Karsha 20 Karsha 22 Karsha 24 Karsha
Uttama
Madhyama
6 Karsha 7 Karsha 8 Karsha 9 Karsha 10 Karsha 11 Karsha 12 Karsha
Hrasva
3 Karsha
3½
Karsha
4 Karsha
4½
Karsha
5 Karsha
5½
Karsha
6 Karsha
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 12
Pravicharana Snehana
• The methodical administration of Sneha along with various preparations like Odana,
Vilepi etc, is known as Pravicharana Snehana. This includes even external administration
of Snehas without admixture.
• Different techniques are available to bring Snehana effect. Accha Snehana is a superior
method to achieve this effect.
• As an alternate technique to Accha Snehana, Pravicharana Snehana can be practiced.
• Pravicharana can be administered in the form of Odanadi (24 No) or Rasa Pravicharana
(63+1number)
[Ca.Su.13/23, 25 and Ca.Su. 13/26, 27
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Poorva Karma
Sambhara Samgraha
Atura Pariksha
Matra Kalavadhi Nirnaya (Sneha Prakarsha Kala)
Atura Siddhata
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 14
Sambhara Samgraha
स्नेहाधिषूपयोगाय िद्व्यापच्छामनाय च|
क
ु यायत्प्रागेव िद्योधगद्रव्यिम्भारिङ्ग् रहम्||२||
A.San.Su 25
स्नेहस्य शोधनाङ्गत्वात् प्रागेव स्नेहादिष्वनारब्धेषु स्नेहाि् युपयोयोगाय िेशादिवैपयोरीत्यात् स्नेहा
ि् युि् भूतव्यापयोच्छमनाय च तद्योदगद्रव्याणाां स्नेहोपयोयोगयोदगनाां ग़ृततैलवसाशरावोिञ्चनािीनाां
तद्व्यापयोच्छमनयोदगनाां च द्रव्याणाां सम्भारसङ्ग् रहां क
ु याात्|| २||
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 15
Sambhara Sangraha has been given emphasis for Snehana therapy as
one should collect the required medicaments and aids first and
should ready with the essential materials to treat the Vyapat if any
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Atura Pariksha
िमीक्ष्य िोषौषििेशकालिात्म्याधिित्त्वाधिवयोबलाधन|
बत्पस्तः प्रयुक्तो धनयिं गुणाय स्याि् िवयकमायधण च धित्पिमत्पि||६||
Ca.Si 3
समीक्ष्येदत ज्ञानपयोूवाकमवेक्ष्य| सवाकमाादण चेदत वमनािीदन च िोषािीनपयोेक्ष्य प्रयुक्तादन गु
णकरादण भवन्ति||६||
• Prakrti, Vikrti, Sara, etc. Dasha Vidha Parikshya Bhava’s in the Atura is to be
examined. Specific importance is given for deciding Agnibala and nature of Koshta
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 17
Cont..
Atura Pariksha is helpful for deciding Bala Pramana and Dosha
Pramana of the individual. This will give idea for –
• Assessing Snehana Arhata and Anarhata.
• Understanding Snehapana Prakarsha Kala.
• Selection of appropriate Sneha Dravyas and Shodhananga
Snehana method.
• Fixing dosage and Anupana.
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 18
Sneha Prakarsha kala
त्र्यहावरं िप्तधिनं परं िु धस्नग्धो नरः स्वेिधयिव्य उक्तः ||६||
नािः परं स्नेहनमाधिशत्पि िात्म्यीभवेि् िप्तधिनाि् परं िु|७| Ca.si 1
धपबेत्त्र्त्र्यहं चिुरहं पञ्चाहं षडहं िथा |
िप्तरात्राि् परं स्नेहः िात्म्यीभवधि िेधविः ||३६|| Su chi 31/36
मृिुतममृिुतरमृिुकोष्ठापयोेक्षया एकदित्र्यहम्, एवां मध्यमकोष्ठतरतममध्यात् चतुुःपयो
ञ्चषडहादन, क्र
ू रक्र
ू रतरक्र
ू रतमकोष्ठापयोेक्षया सप्ताष्टनवादपयो दिवसानीदत| Dalahana
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 19
त्र्यहमच्छं मृिौ कोष्ठे क्र
ू रे िप्तधिनं धपबेि्||२९||
िम्यत्पननग्धोऽथवा यावििः िात्म्यी भवेिरम्|३०| A.H.Su 16
यदि तु सप्ताहेनादपयो दस्नग्धलक्षणां नोत्पद्यते तिा दिनमेक
ां दवश्रम्य पयोुनुः स्नेहो योज्य इ
दत सिैद्याुः|
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 20
िधपयः शरधि पािव्यं विा मज्जा च मािवे| िैलं प्रावृधष नात्युष्णशीिे स्नेहं धपबेन्नरः||१८|| Ca.Su
13
िैलं प्रावृधष, वषायिे िधपयरन्यौ िु मािवे|
ऋिौ िािारणे स्नेहः शस्तोऽधि धवमले रवौ||१२| A.H Su 16
Ghrita (ghee) should be consumed in sharada (autumn) season, while vasa (muscle
fat) and majja (bone marrow) in madhava (spring) season, and taila (oil)
during pravrita (early monsoon). Sneha should be consumed at a time when it is
neither very hot nor cold and when sky is clear .
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 21
वािधपत्ताधिको रात्रावुष्णे चाधप धपबेन्नरः| श्लेष्माधिको धिवा शीिे धपबेच्चामलभास्करे||१९||
• In case of aggravation of vata - pitta dosha, and in hot (summer)
season, sneha should be consumed at night (evening time). In aggravation
of kapha and in cold season, it should be consumed at day time.
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 22
Cont..
अत्युष्णे वा धिवा पीिो वािधपत्ताधिक
े न वा| मूच्छाां धपपािामुन्मािं कामलां वा
िमीरयेि्||२०||
शीिे रात्रौ धपबन् स्नेहं नरः श्लेष्माधिकोऽधप वा| आनाहमरुधचं शूलं पाण्डुिां वा
िमृच्छधि||२१||
• Sneha consumed at day time during hot season or by person who has great
aggravation of vata-pitta, can lead to diseases such as fainting, severe thirst,
insanity and jaundice.
• Sneha consumed at night during cold season or by person who has great
aggravation of kapha, can causes diseases such as flatulence, loss of taste,
pain in abdomen, or anemia
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 23
Atura Siddhata
Individuals posted for Shodhananga Snehapana should be prepared physically
and mentally through following procedures -
• Dipana – Pachana
• Diet regimen
• Manasopachara
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 24
Importance of Rukshana
िवयिेहप्रधविृिान् िामान् िोषान् न धनहयरेि्|
लीनान् िािुष्वनुत्पत्त्र्क्लष्टान् फलािामाद्रिाधनव||२८||
आश्रयस्य धह नाशाय िे स्युिुयधनयहयरत्विः|
िामान्-िोषान्-वािािीन्, िवयत्पिन् िेहे प्रधविृिान्-व्याप्ताशेषकायान्, िािुषु-रिाद्येषु, लीनान्-
त्पश्लष्टान्, अनुत्पत्त्र्क्लष्टान्-स्वस्थानािचधलिान्, न धनहयरेि्-वमनाधिधभनय शोियेि्| क
ु िः ? िुधनयहयरत्विः-
िुःखेन धनहयिुां शक्यत्वाि्| िे धह धनधरययमाणा आश्रयस्य-
शरीराख्यस्य, नाशाय स्युः| यावत्तु िवयिेहप्रधविृिा न स्युः| यथा भुक्तानिरं ज्वरोित्तौ नवाधििारे च ि
िा वमनेन हरीिक्या च यथायोगं धनहायरोऽनुज्ञाि एव रन्थक
ृ िा| अत्र दृष्टािमाह-फलाधित्याधि| आमाि्-
अपक्वाि्, फलाि्-आम्रािेः, रिो धनधरययमाणो िुधनयहयरत्वाि् आश्रयस्य-
फलस्य, यथा नाशाय भवधि, एवं िोषा अधप|
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 25
मांिला मेिुरा भूररश्लेष्माणो धवषमाियः||३७||
स्नेहोधचिाश्च ये स्नेह्यास्तान् पूवां रूक्षयेत्तिः|
िंस्नेह्य शोियेिेवं स्नेहव्यापन्न जायिे||३८|| A H Su 16
The persons who are Mamasala,medhura, suffering from excess
kapha,Vishamagni,and for persons eligible for snehana should
undergo rukshana before shodhana otherwise may lead snehana
complications
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अजीणे वियिे ग्लाधनधवयबन्धश्चाधप जायिे|
पीिं िंशोिनं चैव धवपरीिं प्रवियिे||१४|| Ca Si 6/14
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 27
Properties of Rukshana Dravya
दवपयोरीतमतो यल्लघूष्णन्तथिररूक्षतीक्ष्णथिूलकदिनसान्द्र
गुणोपयोेतां तदिरूक्षणम्| Arunadata A.H Su 16
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 28
Samyak Rukshana lakshana
धवरूक्षणे लङ्घनवत्क
ृ िाधिक
ृ िलक्षणम्||३५|| A.H Su 16
वािमूत्रपुरीषाणां धविगे गात्रलाघवे|
हृियोद्गारकण्ठास्यशुिौ िन्द्राक्लमे गिे||३४||
स्वेिे जािे रुचौ चैव क्षुत्पिपािािहोिये|
क
ृ िं लङ्घनमािेश्यं धनव्ययथे चािरात्मधन||३५|| Ca.Su 22
The signs of proper administration of langhana include thorough
elimination of flatus, urine, and feces, feeling of lightness in body, cleansing
in heart, eructation, throat and mouth, the disappearance of drowsiness
and exhaustion, the appearance of perspiration and reappearance of taste,
hunger and thirst along with a feeling of well-being
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Importance of Deepana & Pachana
पाचनैिीपनैः स्नेहैस्तान् स्वेिैश्च पररष्क
ृ िान्||२९||
शोियेच्छोिनैः काले यथािन्नं यथाबलम्||३०| A.H Su 13
तत्र पयोाचनैुः पयोक्वत्वम्| िीपयोनैधाातुभ्युः पयोृिक्त्वम्| स्नेहैरुन्तलिष्टत्वम्| स्वेिैुः कोष्ठगतत्व
म्|
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 30
Deepana
पचेन्नामं वधिक
ृ च्च िीपनं िद्यथा धमधशः Sh.Pu 4/1
The drug that kindle the agni but doesnot digest the Ama is called
Dipana.
According to Hemadri it helps in separation of dosha from dhatu
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 31
Deepaniya dravya
धपप्पलीधपप्पलीमूलचव्यधचत्रकशृङ्गवेराम्लवेििमररचाजमोिाभल्लािकात्पस्थधहङ्ग
् गुधनयायिा इधि
िशेमाधन िीपनीयाधन भवत्पि (६), Ca.Su 4
Pippali , pippalimula , chavya, chitraka, shringavera, amlavetasa, maricha, ajamoda,
bhallatakasthi and higuniryasa
Pipalyadi gana
Guduchyadi gana
Trijata,chaturjata,Panchakola
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 32
• Deepana dravya acts better on empty stomach
• It improves Abhyavarana Sakti
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 33
Pachana
पाचनिीपनपाचनद्र व्ययोलयक्षणे
पचत्यामं न वधिं च क
ु यायद्यत्तत्पि पाचनम्
नागक
े शरवधिद्यात्पच्चत्रो िीपनपाचनः Sh.Pu 4/2
Pachana drugs does the digestion of Ama but not increase the agni
It increases Jarana Shakti
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 34
Cont ….
Hence, prior to Snehapana, Pacana Karma should be carried out.
Medicines like Agnitundi Vati, Sankha Vati, Citrakadi Vati ,hingvastaka
churna,trikatu churna panchakola churna etc.can be used for the
purpose.
Pachana Dravya acc to Dosha ( Chikitsa Kalika)
Vata Vikara Rasna Kwatha,Nagara Kwatha
Pitta Vikara Patola kwatha,Vasa Kwatha
Kapha Vikara Nimba Kwatha ,Triphala Kwatha
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Diet regimen
द्रवोष्णमनधभष्यत्पि भोज्यमन्नं प्रमाणिः| नाधिधस्नग्धमिङ्कीणां श्वः स्नेहं पािुधमच्छिा||६०||
धपबेि् िंशमनं स्नेहमन्नकाले प्रकाधििः| शुद्ध्यथां पुनराहारे नैशे जीणे धपबेन्नरः||६१|| Ca.Su 13
• On the day before administration of sneha, one should take warm, liquid diet in
proper quantity. The food should not increase secretions, possess unctuousness or
material with opposing properties.
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Manasopacara
• In Shodhananga Snehapana, a large quantity of Sneha is administered.
Because of non-palatability, discomforts felt during Sneha Jirna Kala,
individual might show reluctance to drink Sneha.
• So prior to Snehapana, complete procedure of Snehapana and Shodhana
should be explained to the individual and he should be encouraged to drink
Sneha. This may give confidence to the patient
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Pradhana Karma
Pradhana karma includes following steps viz,
• Administration of Sneha and Anupana
• Observation of
 Sneha Jiryamana Lakshana
 Sneha Jirna Lakshana
 Samyak Snigdha - Ati Snigdha and Asnigdha Lakshana
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 38
Snehapana Vidhi
अि ऊर्ध्वां स्नेहपानक्रममुपिेक्ष्यामः-
अथ खलु लघुकोष्ठायािुराय क
ृ िमङ्गलस्वत्पस्तवाचनायोियधगररधशखरिंत्पस्थिे प्रिप्तकनकधनकर
पीिलोधहिे िधविरर यथाबलं िैलस्य घृिस्य वा मात्रां पािुं प्रयच्छे ि् |
पीिमात्रे चोष्णोिक
े नोपस्पृश्य िोपानत्को यथािुखं धवहरेि् ||१४|| Su.Ch 31
लघुकोष्ठवचनां जीणााहारप्रिशानािं; गयी तु लघुकोष्ठाय यिाक्रममामाशयपयोक्वाशयहृियेषु पयो
क्वतापयोगतान्नमलरसामतागौरवायेदत व्याख्यानयदत
उपयोस्पृश्य आचमनां क
ृ त्वेत्यिाुः||१४||
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 39
• Early morning when the Sun rises and attains golden yellow colour, those
individuals exhibiting Jirna Ahara Lakshana except Kshudha then, after
performing auspicious rituals, appropriate quantity of selected Sneha should
be given to drink
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 40
Anupana
जलमुष्णं घृिे पेयं यूषस्तैलेऽनु शस्यिे|
विामज्ज्ञोस्तु मण्डः स्याि् िवेषूष्णमथाम्बु वा||२२||
Ca.Su 13
After consuming ghrita, hot water should be taken as anupana (after drink), and after
oil yusha (pulses soup), and after consuming vasa and majja, consumption
of manda (scum of gruel) is advised
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 41
Sneha Jiryamana & Jeerna Lakshana
धशरोरुग्भ्रमधनष्ठीवमूच्छायिािारधिक्लमैः|
जानीयाि् भेषजं जीययि् ||२७||
A.San.Su 25
िेनोद्गारो भवेच्छु िो भक्तं प्रधि रुधचस्तथा |
स्युः पच्यमाने िृड्िाहरमिािारधिक्लमाः ||३३||
Su.Ch 31/33
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 42
Jiryamana Lakshana Jirna Lakshana
Shiroruja Shirorujadi Jiryamana Lakshana Prashamana
Bhrama Vatanulomana
Nishtiva Svastyata
Murcha Kshut
Sada Trshna
Arati Udgarashudhi
Klama Laghuta
Trshna, Daha, Arati
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 43
Samyak,Asnigdha & Atisnigdha lakshana
वािानुलोम्यं िीप्तोऽधिवयचयः धस्नग्धमिंहिम्|
माियवं धस्नग्धिा चाङ्ग
े धस्नग्धानामुपजायिे||५८||
पुरीषं रधथिं रूक्षं वायुरप्रगुणो मृिुः|
पक्ता खरत्वं रौक्ष्यं च गात्रस्याधस्नग्धलक्षणम्||५७||
पाण्डुिा गौरवं जाड्यं पुरीषस्याधवपक्विा|
िन्द्रीररुधचरुत्क
े शः स्यािधिधस्नग्धलक्षणम्||५९||
Ca.Su 13
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 44
ASNIGDHA SAMYAKSNIGDHA ATISNIGDHA
Hard faeces
Proper movement
of vata downwards
Pallor
Dry faeces Increased digestive power Heaviness in body
Flatus not moving easily
and softly
Lubricated faeces which
are soft and not well
formed
Lassitude
Reduced digestive power
Softness and oleation of
body
Improperly formed faeces
Roughness and dryness in
the body
Stupor, Tastelessness,
Nausea
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 45
Paschat Karma
• Paschat Karma on the days of Snehapana
• Paschat Karma after attainment of Samyak Snigdha Lakshana
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 46
उष्णोिकोपचारी स्याद्ब्रह्मचारी क्षपाशयः |
शक
ृ न्मूत्राधनलोद्गारानुिीणाांश्च न िारयेि्||६२||
व्यायाममुच्चैवयचनं क्रोिशोकौ धहमािपौ|
वजययेिप्रवािं च िेवेि शयनािनम्||६३||
स्नेहं पीत्वा नरः स्नेहं प्रधिभुञ्जान एव च|
स्नेहधमथ्योपचारात्पि जायिे िारुणा गिाः||६४|| Ca.Su 13
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 47
Do’s and don’ts after sneha consumption
• Use warm water for all purposes
• Observe abstinence
• Sleep only at night
• Do not suppress the urge to pass feces, urine, flatus and belching
• Do not engage in physical exercises and rein in emotions, talking loudly, getting
angry, or becoming upset, etc
• Do not get sleep or sit while exposed to snow, sunlight and breeze
• One who after consuming sneha takes oily food and does not follow the
aforementioned guidelines gets affected by severe diseases
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 48
पररधषच्यात्पिरुष्णाधभजीणयस्नेहं ििो नरम् |
यवागूं पाययेच्चोष्णां कामं त्पक्लन्नाल्पिण्डुलाम् ||३४||
िेयौ यूषरिौ वाऽधप िुगन्धी स्नेहवधजयिौ |
क
ृ िौ वाऽत्यल्पिधपयष्कौ धवलेपी वा धविीयिे ||३५|| Su Chi 35
When Sneha is digested taking hot water bath, and consuming Yavagu etc. food
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 49
Paschat Karma after attaining Samyak Snigdha Lakshana:
When individual exhibits Samyak Snigdha Lakshana, Shodhananga Snehapana is
stopped and they are posted for further process like Sarvanga Abhyanga,
Svedana and Shodhana.
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 50
If patient does not follow instructions given by the physician for Pathya and
Apathya then Sneha Vyapat may manifest.
Sneha Vyapat documented in the classics can be grouped under 2 categories
viz;
(i) Ashu Utpanna Vyapat
(ii) Chira Utpanna Vyapat.
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 51
Ashu Utpanna Vyapat
These types of disorders
may have acute onset -
• Ajirna
• Aruci
• Amapradosha
• Shula
• Jvara
6. Anaha
7. Trshna
8. Sthambha
9. Utklesha
10. Tandra
11. Samjna Nasha
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 52
Chira Utpanna Vyapat
These disorders may manifest in
due course of time.
(1) Kandu
(2) Kushta
(3) Grahani
(4) Pandu
(5)Arsha
(6) Shotha
(7) Udara
(8) Staimitya
(9) Vakgraha
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 53
ित्राप्युल्लेखनं शस्तं स्वेिः कालप्रिीक्षणम्|
प्रधि प्रधि व्याधिबलं बुि् र्ध्वा स्रंिनमेव च||७७||
िक्राररष्टप्रयोगश्च रूक्षपानान्निेवनम्|
मूत्राणां धत्रफलायाश्च स्नेहव्यापधत्तभेषजम्||७८|| Ca.Su 13
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 54
• In these conditions, Sneha should be ejected out of one’s system using
ullekhana(Sadyo vamana) or sudation.
• The physician should then give mild purgation, after an interval of time, and
also factoring in the severity of the disease and the condition and
predisposition of the patient.
• Administering takrarishta, using dry food items, drinking cow urine and
consuming triphala are some of the medicines recommended for cure of
complications caused by the consumption of sneha
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 55
Summary
Methods of
Shodhana
Snehana
Shodhanaga
snehapana
Poorva karma
Pradhana
Karma
Paschat Karma
Snehana
Vyapt
Management
of Snehana
Vyapat
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 56
References
• Charaka Samhita
• Sushruta Samhita
• Astanga Sangraha
• Astanga Hridaya
• Text Book of Panchakarma –Prof Vasant.C Patil
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 57
THANK YOU
26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 58

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Shodhanagha snehapana.pptx Dr Akshay Shetty

  • 1. SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA Dr Akshay Shetty Associate Professor Department of Panchakarma SSRAMC & H Inchal
  • 2. Contents Objectives Methods of Shodhana Snehana Shodhanaga snehapana Poorva karma Pradhana Karma Paschat Karma Snehana Vyapt Management of Snehana Vyapat Summary References 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 2
  • 3. Objectives By the end of the presentation the students must be able to— 1. Illustrate Methods of Shodhana Snehana 2. Elaborate Shodhanaga snehapana 3. Plan Poorva karma i. List Sambhara Samgraha ii. Explain Atura Pariksha iii. Elucidate Matra Kalavadhi Nirnaya (Sneha Prakarsha Kala) iv. Justify Atura Siddhata 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 3
  • 4. Cont.. 4. Plan Pradhana Karma i. Administer Sneha and Anupana ii. Observe I. Sneha Jiryamana Lakshana II. Sneha Jirna Lakshana III. Samyak Snigdha - Ati Snigdha and Asnigdha Lakshana 5. Plan Paschat Karma 6. List Snehana Vyapt 7. Plan treatment of Snehana Vyapat 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 4
  • 5. Snehana used in the Purvakarma of Shodhana is Shodhana Snehana. This is also known as Shodhananga Snehana or Shodhanapurva Snehana 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 5
  • 6. Shodhana Snehana Methods Shodhana Snehana is carried out through any one of the following methods. • Matranusara Snehapana • Arohana Snehapana • Pravicharana Snehapana 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 6
  • 7. Matranusara Snehapana Achieving Snigdha Lakshana with in the required number of days is depends on the proper dose of Shodhana Snehapana. If the Sneha is administered in less than required quantity it will fail to produce Snigdha Lakshana and if the excessive quantity is administered it is likely to produce Ati Snigdha Lakshana. Fixing the Dosage of Sneha in numerical value is not possible with the reason that, dose will vary from person to person based on Doshadi factors 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 7
  • 8. • Hence with this idea Dosage of the Sneha is explained based on the time required for the digestion of Sneha viz, Hrasiyasi Matra Hrasva Matra Madhyama Matra Uttama Matra [Arunadatta and Hemadri on A.H.Su.16/17, 18]. 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 8
  • 9. • Hrasiyasi Matra is a trail dose, which is administered on the first day of Snehapana. • One of the actions of Uttama Matra Snehapana is explained as Vikara Shamana and that of Hrasva Matra as Brumhana • Cakrapani mentions that Uttama Matra should be used for Shamana and not for Shodhana Purva Snehana. So doubt may arise regarding usage of Uttama and Hrasva Matra as Shodhana Purva Snehapana Dosage. • But Dalhana commenting on Su.Ci.31/14 clears this by mentioning that, the Uttama, Madhyama and Hrasva Matra, can be used as Shodhana Snehapana Matra in appropriate condition 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 9
  • 10. Arohana Snehapana • The word Arohana means the act of rising, ascending. [Monier Williams 1899] • Arohana Snehapana can be defined as an oral administration of Sneha in the increment Dosage. • The clear-cut reference of Arohana Snehapana is available in Kalyanakaraka [6th A.D], where it is quoted that the individual who is posted for Snehapana should drink Ghrita or Taila in the increment [Krama Vardhitam Pibet] Dosage for 3, 5 or 7 days. • Then Vangasena [9th A.D.] also clearly described the method of Arohana Snehapana. 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 10
  • 11. गृह्णात्यम्बु यथा वस्त्रं प्रस्रवत्यधिक ं यथा| यथाधि जीययधि स्नेहस्तथा स्रवधि चाधिकः||९६|| यथा वाऽऽक्लेद्य मृत्पिण्डमाधिक्तं त्वरया जलम्| स्रवधि स्रंििे स्नेहस्तथा त्वररििेधविः||९७|| Ca Su 13 • Just as a piece of cloth only absorbs water as much as it can and leaves off the excess, similarly agni (digestive power) digests fat as much as it can and expels the excess from the body. Just as a mud ball expels excess water without getting over-moistened when water is poured over it quickly, similarly the body expels fat that has been consumed very quickly. 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 11
  • 12. Dosage [Matra] DAY 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 12 Karsha 14 Karsha 16 Karsha 18 Karsha 20 Karsha 22 Karsha 24 Karsha Uttama Madhyama 6 Karsha 7 Karsha 8 Karsha 9 Karsha 10 Karsha 11 Karsha 12 Karsha Hrasva 3 Karsha 3½ Karsha 4 Karsha 4½ Karsha 5 Karsha 5½ Karsha 6 Karsha 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 12
  • 13. Pravicharana Snehana • The methodical administration of Sneha along with various preparations like Odana, Vilepi etc, is known as Pravicharana Snehana. This includes even external administration of Snehas without admixture. • Different techniques are available to bring Snehana effect. Accha Snehana is a superior method to achieve this effect. • As an alternate technique to Accha Snehana, Pravicharana Snehana can be practiced. • Pravicharana can be administered in the form of Odanadi (24 No) or Rasa Pravicharana (63+1number) [Ca.Su.13/23, 25 and Ca.Su. 13/26, 27 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 13
  • 14. Poorva Karma Sambhara Samgraha Atura Pariksha Matra Kalavadhi Nirnaya (Sneha Prakarsha Kala) Atura Siddhata 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 14
  • 15. Sambhara Samgraha स्नेहाधिषूपयोगाय िद्व्यापच्छामनाय च| क ु यायत्प्रागेव िद्योधगद्रव्यिम्भारिङ्ग् रहम्||२|| A.San.Su 25 स्नेहस्य शोधनाङ्गत्वात् प्रागेव स्नेहादिष्वनारब्धेषु स्नेहाि् युपयोयोगाय िेशादिवैपयोरीत्यात् स्नेहा ि् युि् भूतव्यापयोच्छमनाय च तद्योदगद्रव्याणाां स्नेहोपयोयोगयोदगनाां ग़ृततैलवसाशरावोिञ्चनािीनाां तद्व्यापयोच्छमनयोदगनाां च द्रव्याणाां सम्भारसङ्ग् रहां क ु याात्|| २|| 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 15
  • 16. Sambhara Sangraha has been given emphasis for Snehana therapy as one should collect the required medicaments and aids first and should ready with the essential materials to treat the Vyapat if any 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 16
  • 17. Atura Pariksha िमीक्ष्य िोषौषििेशकालिात्म्याधिित्त्वाधिवयोबलाधन| बत्पस्तः प्रयुक्तो धनयिं गुणाय स्याि् िवयकमायधण च धित्पिमत्पि||६|| Ca.Si 3 समीक्ष्येदत ज्ञानपयोूवाकमवेक्ष्य| सवाकमाादण चेदत वमनािीदन च िोषािीनपयोेक्ष्य प्रयुक्तादन गु णकरादण भवन्ति||६|| • Prakrti, Vikrti, Sara, etc. Dasha Vidha Parikshya Bhava’s in the Atura is to be examined. Specific importance is given for deciding Agnibala and nature of Koshta 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 17
  • 18. Cont.. Atura Pariksha is helpful for deciding Bala Pramana and Dosha Pramana of the individual. This will give idea for – • Assessing Snehana Arhata and Anarhata. • Understanding Snehapana Prakarsha Kala. • Selection of appropriate Sneha Dravyas and Shodhananga Snehana method. • Fixing dosage and Anupana. 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 18
  • 19. Sneha Prakarsha kala त्र्यहावरं िप्तधिनं परं िु धस्नग्धो नरः स्वेिधयिव्य उक्तः ||६|| नािः परं स्नेहनमाधिशत्पि िात्म्यीभवेि् िप्तधिनाि् परं िु|७| Ca.si 1 धपबेत्त्र्त्र्यहं चिुरहं पञ्चाहं षडहं िथा | िप्तरात्राि् परं स्नेहः िात्म्यीभवधि िेधविः ||३६|| Su chi 31/36 मृिुतममृिुतरमृिुकोष्ठापयोेक्षया एकदित्र्यहम्, एवां मध्यमकोष्ठतरतममध्यात् चतुुःपयो ञ्चषडहादन, क्र ू रक्र ू रतरक्र ू रतमकोष्ठापयोेक्षया सप्ताष्टनवादपयो दिवसानीदत| Dalahana 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 19
  • 20. त्र्यहमच्छं मृिौ कोष्ठे क्र ू रे िप्तधिनं धपबेि्||२९|| िम्यत्पननग्धोऽथवा यावििः िात्म्यी भवेिरम्|३०| A.H.Su 16 यदि तु सप्ताहेनादपयो दस्नग्धलक्षणां नोत्पद्यते तिा दिनमेक ां दवश्रम्य पयोुनुः स्नेहो योज्य इ दत सिैद्याुः| 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 20
  • 21. िधपयः शरधि पािव्यं विा मज्जा च मािवे| िैलं प्रावृधष नात्युष्णशीिे स्नेहं धपबेन्नरः||१८|| Ca.Su 13 िैलं प्रावृधष, वषायिे िधपयरन्यौ िु मािवे| ऋिौ िािारणे स्नेहः शस्तोऽधि धवमले रवौ||१२| A.H Su 16 Ghrita (ghee) should be consumed in sharada (autumn) season, while vasa (muscle fat) and majja (bone marrow) in madhava (spring) season, and taila (oil) during pravrita (early monsoon). Sneha should be consumed at a time when it is neither very hot nor cold and when sky is clear . 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 21
  • 22. वािधपत्ताधिको रात्रावुष्णे चाधप धपबेन्नरः| श्लेष्माधिको धिवा शीिे धपबेच्चामलभास्करे||१९|| • In case of aggravation of vata - pitta dosha, and in hot (summer) season, sneha should be consumed at night (evening time). In aggravation of kapha and in cold season, it should be consumed at day time. 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 22
  • 23. Cont.. अत्युष्णे वा धिवा पीिो वािधपत्ताधिक े न वा| मूच्छाां धपपािामुन्मािं कामलां वा िमीरयेि्||२०|| शीिे रात्रौ धपबन् स्नेहं नरः श्लेष्माधिकोऽधप वा| आनाहमरुधचं शूलं पाण्डुिां वा िमृच्छधि||२१|| • Sneha consumed at day time during hot season or by person who has great aggravation of vata-pitta, can lead to diseases such as fainting, severe thirst, insanity and jaundice. • Sneha consumed at night during cold season or by person who has great aggravation of kapha, can causes diseases such as flatulence, loss of taste, pain in abdomen, or anemia 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 23
  • 24. Atura Siddhata Individuals posted for Shodhananga Snehapana should be prepared physically and mentally through following procedures - • Dipana – Pachana • Diet regimen • Manasopachara 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 24
  • 25. Importance of Rukshana िवयिेहप्रधविृिान् िामान् िोषान् न धनहयरेि्| लीनान् िािुष्वनुत्पत्त्र्क्लष्टान् फलािामाद्रिाधनव||२८|| आश्रयस्य धह नाशाय िे स्युिुयधनयहयरत्विः| िामान्-िोषान्-वािािीन्, िवयत्पिन् िेहे प्रधविृिान्-व्याप्ताशेषकायान्, िािुषु-रिाद्येषु, लीनान्- त्पश्लष्टान्, अनुत्पत्त्र्क्लष्टान्-स्वस्थानािचधलिान्, न धनहयरेि्-वमनाधिधभनय शोियेि्| क ु िः ? िुधनयहयरत्विः- िुःखेन धनहयिुां शक्यत्वाि्| िे धह धनधरययमाणा आश्रयस्य- शरीराख्यस्य, नाशाय स्युः| यावत्तु िवयिेहप्रधविृिा न स्युः| यथा भुक्तानिरं ज्वरोित्तौ नवाधििारे च ि िा वमनेन हरीिक्या च यथायोगं धनहायरोऽनुज्ञाि एव रन्थक ृ िा| अत्र दृष्टािमाह-फलाधित्याधि| आमाि्- अपक्वाि्, फलाि्-आम्रािेः, रिो धनधरययमाणो िुधनयहयरत्वाि् आश्रयस्य- फलस्य, यथा नाशाय भवधि, एवं िोषा अधप| 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 25
  • 26. मांिला मेिुरा भूररश्लेष्माणो धवषमाियः||३७|| स्नेहोधचिाश्च ये स्नेह्यास्तान् पूवां रूक्षयेत्तिः| िंस्नेह्य शोियेिेवं स्नेहव्यापन्न जायिे||३८|| A H Su 16 The persons who are Mamasala,medhura, suffering from excess kapha,Vishamagni,and for persons eligible for snehana should undergo rukshana before shodhana otherwise may lead snehana complications 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 26
  • 27. अजीणे वियिे ग्लाधनधवयबन्धश्चाधप जायिे| पीिं िंशोिनं चैव धवपरीिं प्रवियिे||१४|| Ca Si 6/14 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 27
  • 28. Properties of Rukshana Dravya दवपयोरीतमतो यल्लघूष्णन्तथिररूक्षतीक्ष्णथिूलकदिनसान्द्र गुणोपयोेतां तदिरूक्षणम्| Arunadata A.H Su 16 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 28
  • 29. Samyak Rukshana lakshana धवरूक्षणे लङ्घनवत्क ृ िाधिक ृ िलक्षणम्||३५|| A.H Su 16 वािमूत्रपुरीषाणां धविगे गात्रलाघवे| हृियोद्गारकण्ठास्यशुिौ िन्द्राक्लमे गिे||३४|| स्वेिे जािे रुचौ चैव क्षुत्पिपािािहोिये| क ृ िं लङ्घनमािेश्यं धनव्ययथे चािरात्मधन||३५|| Ca.Su 22 The signs of proper administration of langhana include thorough elimination of flatus, urine, and feces, feeling of lightness in body, cleansing in heart, eructation, throat and mouth, the disappearance of drowsiness and exhaustion, the appearance of perspiration and reappearance of taste, hunger and thirst along with a feeling of well-being 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 29
  • 30. Importance of Deepana & Pachana पाचनैिीपनैः स्नेहैस्तान् स्वेिैश्च पररष्क ृ िान्||२९|| शोियेच्छोिनैः काले यथािन्नं यथाबलम्||३०| A.H Su 13 तत्र पयोाचनैुः पयोक्वत्वम्| िीपयोनैधाातुभ्युः पयोृिक्त्वम्| स्नेहैरुन्तलिष्टत्वम्| स्वेिैुः कोष्ठगतत्व म्| 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 30
  • 31. Deepana पचेन्नामं वधिक ृ च्च िीपनं िद्यथा धमधशः Sh.Pu 4/1 The drug that kindle the agni but doesnot digest the Ama is called Dipana. According to Hemadri it helps in separation of dosha from dhatu 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 31
  • 32. Deepaniya dravya धपप्पलीधपप्पलीमूलचव्यधचत्रकशृङ्गवेराम्लवेििमररचाजमोिाभल्लािकात्पस्थधहङ्ग ् गुधनयायिा इधि िशेमाधन िीपनीयाधन भवत्पि (६), Ca.Su 4 Pippali , pippalimula , chavya, chitraka, shringavera, amlavetasa, maricha, ajamoda, bhallatakasthi and higuniryasa Pipalyadi gana Guduchyadi gana Trijata,chaturjata,Panchakola 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 32
  • 33. • Deepana dravya acts better on empty stomach • It improves Abhyavarana Sakti 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 33
  • 34. Pachana पाचनिीपनपाचनद्र व्ययोलयक्षणे पचत्यामं न वधिं च क ु यायद्यत्तत्पि पाचनम् नागक े शरवधिद्यात्पच्चत्रो िीपनपाचनः Sh.Pu 4/2 Pachana drugs does the digestion of Ama but not increase the agni It increases Jarana Shakti 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 34
  • 35. Cont …. Hence, prior to Snehapana, Pacana Karma should be carried out. Medicines like Agnitundi Vati, Sankha Vati, Citrakadi Vati ,hingvastaka churna,trikatu churna panchakola churna etc.can be used for the purpose. Pachana Dravya acc to Dosha ( Chikitsa Kalika) Vata Vikara Rasna Kwatha,Nagara Kwatha Pitta Vikara Patola kwatha,Vasa Kwatha Kapha Vikara Nimba Kwatha ,Triphala Kwatha 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 35
  • 36. Diet regimen द्रवोष्णमनधभष्यत्पि भोज्यमन्नं प्रमाणिः| नाधिधस्नग्धमिङ्कीणां श्वः स्नेहं पािुधमच्छिा||६०|| धपबेि् िंशमनं स्नेहमन्नकाले प्रकाधििः| शुद्ध्यथां पुनराहारे नैशे जीणे धपबेन्नरः||६१|| Ca.Su 13 • On the day before administration of sneha, one should take warm, liquid diet in proper quantity. The food should not increase secretions, possess unctuousness or material with opposing properties. 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 36
  • 37. Manasopacara • In Shodhananga Snehapana, a large quantity of Sneha is administered. Because of non-palatability, discomforts felt during Sneha Jirna Kala, individual might show reluctance to drink Sneha. • So prior to Snehapana, complete procedure of Snehapana and Shodhana should be explained to the individual and he should be encouraged to drink Sneha. This may give confidence to the patient 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 37
  • 38. Pradhana Karma Pradhana karma includes following steps viz, • Administration of Sneha and Anupana • Observation of  Sneha Jiryamana Lakshana  Sneha Jirna Lakshana  Samyak Snigdha - Ati Snigdha and Asnigdha Lakshana 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 38
  • 39. Snehapana Vidhi अि ऊर्ध्वां स्नेहपानक्रममुपिेक्ष्यामः- अथ खलु लघुकोष्ठायािुराय क ृ िमङ्गलस्वत्पस्तवाचनायोियधगररधशखरिंत्पस्थिे प्रिप्तकनकधनकर पीिलोधहिे िधविरर यथाबलं िैलस्य घृिस्य वा मात्रां पािुं प्रयच्छे ि् | पीिमात्रे चोष्णोिक े नोपस्पृश्य िोपानत्को यथािुखं धवहरेि् ||१४|| Su.Ch 31 लघुकोष्ठवचनां जीणााहारप्रिशानािं; गयी तु लघुकोष्ठाय यिाक्रममामाशयपयोक्वाशयहृियेषु पयो क्वतापयोगतान्नमलरसामतागौरवायेदत व्याख्यानयदत उपयोस्पृश्य आचमनां क ृ त्वेत्यिाुः||१४|| 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 39
  • 40. • Early morning when the Sun rises and attains golden yellow colour, those individuals exhibiting Jirna Ahara Lakshana except Kshudha then, after performing auspicious rituals, appropriate quantity of selected Sneha should be given to drink 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 40
  • 41. Anupana जलमुष्णं घृिे पेयं यूषस्तैलेऽनु शस्यिे| विामज्ज्ञोस्तु मण्डः स्याि् िवेषूष्णमथाम्बु वा||२२|| Ca.Su 13 After consuming ghrita, hot water should be taken as anupana (after drink), and after oil yusha (pulses soup), and after consuming vasa and majja, consumption of manda (scum of gruel) is advised 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 41
  • 42. Sneha Jiryamana & Jeerna Lakshana धशरोरुग्भ्रमधनष्ठीवमूच्छायिािारधिक्लमैः| जानीयाि् भेषजं जीययि् ||२७|| A.San.Su 25 िेनोद्गारो भवेच्छु िो भक्तं प्रधि रुधचस्तथा | स्युः पच्यमाने िृड्िाहरमिािारधिक्लमाः ||३३|| Su.Ch 31/33 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 42
  • 43. Jiryamana Lakshana Jirna Lakshana Shiroruja Shirorujadi Jiryamana Lakshana Prashamana Bhrama Vatanulomana Nishtiva Svastyata Murcha Kshut Sada Trshna Arati Udgarashudhi Klama Laghuta Trshna, Daha, Arati 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 43
  • 44. Samyak,Asnigdha & Atisnigdha lakshana वािानुलोम्यं िीप्तोऽधिवयचयः धस्नग्धमिंहिम्| माियवं धस्नग्धिा चाङ्ग े धस्नग्धानामुपजायिे||५८|| पुरीषं रधथिं रूक्षं वायुरप्रगुणो मृिुः| पक्ता खरत्वं रौक्ष्यं च गात्रस्याधस्नग्धलक्षणम्||५७|| पाण्डुिा गौरवं जाड्यं पुरीषस्याधवपक्विा| िन्द्रीररुधचरुत्क े शः स्यािधिधस्नग्धलक्षणम्||५९|| Ca.Su 13 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 44
  • 45. ASNIGDHA SAMYAKSNIGDHA ATISNIGDHA Hard faeces Proper movement of vata downwards Pallor Dry faeces Increased digestive power Heaviness in body Flatus not moving easily and softly Lubricated faeces which are soft and not well formed Lassitude Reduced digestive power Softness and oleation of body Improperly formed faeces Roughness and dryness in the body Stupor, Tastelessness, Nausea 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 45
  • 46. Paschat Karma • Paschat Karma on the days of Snehapana • Paschat Karma after attainment of Samyak Snigdha Lakshana 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 46
  • 47. उष्णोिकोपचारी स्याद्ब्रह्मचारी क्षपाशयः | शक ृ न्मूत्राधनलोद्गारानुिीणाांश्च न िारयेि्||६२|| व्यायाममुच्चैवयचनं क्रोिशोकौ धहमािपौ| वजययेिप्रवािं च िेवेि शयनािनम्||६३|| स्नेहं पीत्वा नरः स्नेहं प्रधिभुञ्जान एव च| स्नेहधमथ्योपचारात्पि जायिे िारुणा गिाः||६४|| Ca.Su 13 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 47
  • 48. Do’s and don’ts after sneha consumption • Use warm water for all purposes • Observe abstinence • Sleep only at night • Do not suppress the urge to pass feces, urine, flatus and belching • Do not engage in physical exercises and rein in emotions, talking loudly, getting angry, or becoming upset, etc • Do not get sleep or sit while exposed to snow, sunlight and breeze • One who after consuming sneha takes oily food and does not follow the aforementioned guidelines gets affected by severe diseases 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 48
  • 49. पररधषच्यात्पिरुष्णाधभजीणयस्नेहं ििो नरम् | यवागूं पाययेच्चोष्णां कामं त्पक्लन्नाल्पिण्डुलाम् ||३४|| िेयौ यूषरिौ वाऽधप िुगन्धी स्नेहवधजयिौ | क ृ िौ वाऽत्यल्पिधपयष्कौ धवलेपी वा धविीयिे ||३५|| Su Chi 35 When Sneha is digested taking hot water bath, and consuming Yavagu etc. food 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 49
  • 50. Paschat Karma after attaining Samyak Snigdha Lakshana: When individual exhibits Samyak Snigdha Lakshana, Shodhananga Snehapana is stopped and they are posted for further process like Sarvanga Abhyanga, Svedana and Shodhana. 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 50
  • 51. If patient does not follow instructions given by the physician for Pathya and Apathya then Sneha Vyapat may manifest. Sneha Vyapat documented in the classics can be grouped under 2 categories viz; (i) Ashu Utpanna Vyapat (ii) Chira Utpanna Vyapat. 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 51
  • 52. Ashu Utpanna Vyapat These types of disorders may have acute onset - • Ajirna • Aruci • Amapradosha • Shula • Jvara 6. Anaha 7. Trshna 8. Sthambha 9. Utklesha 10. Tandra 11. Samjna Nasha 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 52
  • 53. Chira Utpanna Vyapat These disorders may manifest in due course of time. (1) Kandu (2) Kushta (3) Grahani (4) Pandu (5)Arsha (6) Shotha (7) Udara (8) Staimitya (9) Vakgraha 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 53
  • 54. ित्राप्युल्लेखनं शस्तं स्वेिः कालप्रिीक्षणम्| प्रधि प्रधि व्याधिबलं बुि् र्ध्वा स्रंिनमेव च||७७|| िक्राररष्टप्रयोगश्च रूक्षपानान्निेवनम्| मूत्राणां धत्रफलायाश्च स्नेहव्यापधत्तभेषजम्||७८|| Ca.Su 13 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 54
  • 55. • In these conditions, Sneha should be ejected out of one’s system using ullekhana(Sadyo vamana) or sudation. • The physician should then give mild purgation, after an interval of time, and also factoring in the severity of the disease and the condition and predisposition of the patient. • Administering takrarishta, using dry food items, drinking cow urine and consuming triphala are some of the medicines recommended for cure of complications caused by the consumption of sneha 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 55
  • 56. Summary Methods of Shodhana Snehana Shodhanaga snehapana Poorva karma Pradhana Karma Paschat Karma Snehana Vyapt Management of Snehana Vyapat 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 56
  • 57. References • Charaka Samhita • Sushruta Samhita • Astanga Sangraha • Astanga Hridaya • Text Book of Panchakarma –Prof Vasant.C Patil 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 57
  • 58. THANK YOU 26/02/2024 SHODHANGA SNEHAPANA (Dr Akshay Shetty) 58