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GROUP ACTIVITY BY :-
o Anish Agarwal
o Akkahshh Agarwaal
o Shubham Aggarwal
o Priyansh Agrawal
o Pranjal Agrawal
101018
101020
101022
101025
101028
SIR SHANTI SWAROOP
BHATNAGAR
Subject : Applied Chemistry(ES104)
INTRODUCTION
• Indian scientist and Professor of Chemistry at Banaras
Hindu University (BHU)
• Also known as : Father of Research Laboratories
• Set up the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
(CSIR) and became the First Director-General
• First Chairman of University Grants Commission (UGC)
• To honour his name, CSIR instituted the Shanti
Swaroop Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology
(Rs. 5 lakh and Rs. 15,000 per month till age 65)
• Awarded Padma Bhushan in 1954
EARLY LIFE
• Joined Forman Christian College – BSc. Physics and MSc.
Chemistry
• Earned his D.Sc. (Doctorate in Science) degree from the
London University
• On his return to India – Professor of chemistry at BHU and
then Director of the University Chemical Laboratories –
published 100 over 100 papers
RESEARCH & CONTRIBUTIONS
• Emulsions, colloids and industrial chemistry
• Magneto-chemistry – use of magnetism for the study of
chemical reactions
• In 1928, S.S. Bhatnagar and K.N. Mathur jointly invented
the “Bhatnagar-Mathur Magnetic Interference Balance” –
most sensitive instrument for measuring magnetic
properties
• For inorganic compounds, sum of ionic susceptibilities
gave molecular susceptibility
• Temperature dependence of magnetic susceptibilities are
different for symmetric molecules (CCl4), associative
liquids (water, alcohols) and aromatic compounds
(benzene, toluene)
• Studied large no. of reactions and concluded that the
difference between the sum of the molecular
susceptibilities of the initial reactants and the final
products was critical in determining whether magnetic
field had an effect or not on a given reaction
• Major innovation – improve the procedure for drilling
crude oil
• Established many laboratories in India such as:
–Central Food Processing Technological Institute,
Mysore
–NCL, Pune
–NPL, New Delhi, etc.
• Bhatnagar and K.N. Mathur – Physical Principles and
Applications of Magnetochemistry
REFERENCES
• https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/shanti-Swaroop-Bhatnagar-5488.php -
Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar – Biography
• www-old.ias.ac.in/j_archive/proca/3/3/290-292/viewpage.html - Indian Academy of
Sciences – Physical Principles and Applications of Magneto-chemistry by Prof. S.S.
Bhatnagar and Dr. K.N. Mathur
• https://pubs.acs.org/action/doSearch?AllField=ss+bhatnagar+

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Shanti swaroop bhatnagar

  • 1. GROUP ACTIVITY BY :- o Anish Agarwal o Akkahshh Agarwaal o Shubham Aggarwal o Priyansh Agrawal o Pranjal Agrawal 101018 101020 101022 101025 101028
  • 2. SIR SHANTI SWAROOP BHATNAGAR Subject : Applied Chemistry(ES104)
  • 3. INTRODUCTION • Indian scientist and Professor of Chemistry at Banaras Hindu University (BHU) • Also known as : Father of Research Laboratories • Set up the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and became the First Director-General
  • 4. • First Chairman of University Grants Commission (UGC) • To honour his name, CSIR instituted the Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology (Rs. 5 lakh and Rs. 15,000 per month till age 65) • Awarded Padma Bhushan in 1954
  • 5. EARLY LIFE • Joined Forman Christian College – BSc. Physics and MSc. Chemistry • Earned his D.Sc. (Doctorate in Science) degree from the London University • On his return to India – Professor of chemistry at BHU and then Director of the University Chemical Laboratories – published 100 over 100 papers
  • 6.
  • 7. RESEARCH & CONTRIBUTIONS • Emulsions, colloids and industrial chemistry • Magneto-chemistry – use of magnetism for the study of chemical reactions • In 1928, S.S. Bhatnagar and K.N. Mathur jointly invented the “Bhatnagar-Mathur Magnetic Interference Balance” – most sensitive instrument for measuring magnetic properties
  • 8. • For inorganic compounds, sum of ionic susceptibilities gave molecular susceptibility • Temperature dependence of magnetic susceptibilities are different for symmetric molecules (CCl4), associative liquids (water, alcohols) and aromatic compounds (benzene, toluene)
  • 9. • Studied large no. of reactions and concluded that the difference between the sum of the molecular susceptibilities of the initial reactants and the final products was critical in determining whether magnetic field had an effect or not on a given reaction • Major innovation – improve the procedure for drilling crude oil
  • 10. • Established many laboratories in India such as: –Central Food Processing Technological Institute, Mysore –NCL, Pune –NPL, New Delhi, etc. • Bhatnagar and K.N. Mathur – Physical Principles and Applications of Magnetochemistry
  • 11. REFERENCES • https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/shanti-Swaroop-Bhatnagar-5488.php - Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar – Biography • www-old.ias.ac.in/j_archive/proca/3/3/290-292/viewpage.html - Indian Academy of Sciences – Physical Principles and Applications of Magneto-chemistry by Prof. S.S. Bhatnagar and Dr. K.N. Mathur • https://pubs.acs.org/action/doSearch?AllField=ss+bhatnagar+