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Yukimoto Ito, Vice Mayor, The City of Sendai
Sendai’s Reconstruction and
Strategies
Aiming to be a Disaster-Resilient and Environmentally-Friendly City
Areas Flooded Due to Tsunami and
Major Disaster Affected Residential Areas
Flooded Areas
5km
10km
Midorigaoka, Taihaku Ward
Major Disaster Affected Residential Areas
Damage to Residential
Land: 5,728 Locations
Sendai Tobu Road Served as an
Embankment to Stop the Tsunami
Arahama, Wakabayashi Ward
(Arahama Elementary School)
Total Flooded Area: 4,523ha
2
Damage in Sendai City
3
Victims
(as of Mar. 31, 2016)
Within Sendai City
Sendai Citizens
Causalities 904 809
Missing 26
Injured 2,275
Buildings
Sendai City
Totally Destroyed 30,034
Severely Damaged 27,016
Partially Damaged 82,593
Minor Damage 116,046
(as of Sep. 22, 2013)
City-Owned Facilities Approx. ¥340.9 billion
Other Public Facilities Approx. ¥145.2 billion
Housing/Residential Land Approx. ¥608.6 billion
Commercial Approx. ¥214.7 billion
Agricultural/Marine Approx. ¥73.5 billion
Estimated Cost of Damage Approx. ¥1,382.9 billion
( $12.6 billion $1=110 )
(as of Sep. 30, 2015)
* The number of deaths includes those related to the disaster.
* 1,002 Sendai residents lost their lives. (191 Sendai
residents confirmed dead outside of Sendai)
Lessons Learned from the Great East
Japan Earthquake
1. Seeing Disaster Risks in a New Way
• Defense against tsunami
• Realizing many citizens, commuters and travelers had difficulty returning home
• Stock of fuel and supplies at administrative bodies, companies, and households is important
2. Effectiveness of Prior Investments in Preparation
• Making public buildings and utility facilities (city gas, water supply and sewerage) earthquake-resistant
• Advance preparation for procedures to respond to disasters including business continuity plans and
post-disaster needs assessment
• Mutual cooperation with other cities and partnerships with private companies
3. Importance of Disaster Prevention Within the Community
• Disaster prevention education and training at schools
• Disaster prevention training in communities and development of community disaster preparedness
leaders on a community level
• Participation of women, children, disabled people and other stakeholders in disaster prevention within
the community
Area Hit by Tsunami
Citizens Waiting for Water
Distribution
The Front of Sendai Station on the
Day of the March 11 Earthquake 4
Aim at “disaster prevention based on the collective
strength of 1.07 million citizens”—city-wide disaster
countermeasures through a cooperation system
comprising self-help, mutual assistance, and public
assistance based on civilian and regional power
BasicPrinciplesBasicPolicies
1) Aim for disaster risk reduction
with the top priority being the
safety of citizens’ lives
2) Consider those who require
assistance during a disaster
3) Adopt a viewpoint that keeps
gender equality in mind
4) Make sure urban services are
working during a disaster
6) Take disaster countermeasures
that respond appropriately to
the scale of disasters that occur
5) Make effective use of human
resources and properly receive
aid
Basic Principles and Policies of the
Sendai City Disaster Prevention Plan
5
・ Volunteer Disaster Preparedness Organizations
(Approx. 1,400 organizations): Organized in 98.9% of
pre-existing Neighborhood Associations in the city
・ Community Disaster Preparedness Leaders
(Approx. 600 leaders)
・Planning disaster-prevention training tailored to communities
・Providing evacuation guidance and rescue at the time of disaster
Issues to be Addressed Through Mutual Assistance
・Providing initial rescue
・Providing evacuation guidance to people requiring
assistance, etc.
・Managing evacuation centers on a community basis
・Conducting disaster prevention training
6
Cooperation in Local Communities
Leading Providers of Mutual Assistance
Training for Community Disaster Preparedness Leaders
Disaster prevention and evacuation center management training at night
 Mainstreaming disaster risk reduction in all measures in Sendai City
 Transmitting information through a regional disaster-prevention platform
 Encouraging collaboration with the Global Centre for Disaster Statistics (Tohoku
University/UNDP)
 Conveying our experiences and efforts in cooperation with stakeholders in Japan and
abroad
7
Future Efforts to Promote the Sendai
Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
Sendai City aims to promote the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk
Reduction by strengthening cooperation with various stakeholders
at home and abroad.
Established the Global Centre for Disaster Statistics Study Tour to Arahama Elementary School with JICA trainees
Community Initiatives for Disaster Prevention and
Disaster Risk Reduction
2016 Sendai Symposium for Disaster Risk Reduction and the Future
March 12, 2016 Sendai
8
Experiences and Lessons
Learned from Post-Disaster
Recovery
Disaster Recovery
Efforts
•Restoring the livelihood of people
affected by the disaster
•Multiple defenses against tsunamis
•Agricultural rehabilitation and green
regeneration
Disaster
Resilience
Disaster-Resilient
and Environmentally-
Friendly City for
a Secure Future
Sharing Information Throughout
Japan and the World
Promotion of Exchange Activities and
Economic Investments
Contributing to the World’s Disaster Prevention
Culture and Establishing a City Brand
History of Building an
Environmental City in
Sendai –the City of Trees
Low Carbon
Global Environment
Ease of
Living
Living Environment
NaturalEnvironment
Urban Environment
Disaster Prevention and
Environmentally-Focused
‘Human Capacity Building’
•Educating people on disaster prevention
•Improving community resilience
•Disaster recovery memorial
Resilience
Recovery
Capability
Disaster Prevention and
Environmentally-Focused
City Planning
•Developing resilient infrastructure
•A city with self-sustaining energy
•Building a low carbon city
Aiming to Make Sendai a
‘Disaster-Resilient and
Environmentally-Friendly City’
9http://www.sendai-resilience.jp
Thank You
Yukimoto Ito, Vice Mayor, The City of Sendai

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Sendais Reconstruction and Strategies, Yukimoto ITO

  • 1. Yukimoto Ito, Vice Mayor, The City of Sendai Sendai’s Reconstruction and Strategies Aiming to be a Disaster-Resilient and Environmentally-Friendly City
  • 2. Areas Flooded Due to Tsunami and Major Disaster Affected Residential Areas Flooded Areas 5km 10km Midorigaoka, Taihaku Ward Major Disaster Affected Residential Areas Damage to Residential Land: 5,728 Locations Sendai Tobu Road Served as an Embankment to Stop the Tsunami Arahama, Wakabayashi Ward (Arahama Elementary School) Total Flooded Area: 4,523ha 2
  • 3. Damage in Sendai City 3 Victims (as of Mar. 31, 2016) Within Sendai City Sendai Citizens Causalities 904 809 Missing 26 Injured 2,275 Buildings Sendai City Totally Destroyed 30,034 Severely Damaged 27,016 Partially Damaged 82,593 Minor Damage 116,046 (as of Sep. 22, 2013) City-Owned Facilities Approx. ¥340.9 billion Other Public Facilities Approx. ¥145.2 billion Housing/Residential Land Approx. ¥608.6 billion Commercial Approx. ¥214.7 billion Agricultural/Marine Approx. ¥73.5 billion Estimated Cost of Damage Approx. ¥1,382.9 billion ( $12.6 billion $1=110 ) (as of Sep. 30, 2015) * The number of deaths includes those related to the disaster. * 1,002 Sendai residents lost their lives. (191 Sendai residents confirmed dead outside of Sendai)
  • 4. Lessons Learned from the Great East Japan Earthquake 1. Seeing Disaster Risks in a New Way • Defense against tsunami • Realizing many citizens, commuters and travelers had difficulty returning home • Stock of fuel and supplies at administrative bodies, companies, and households is important 2. Effectiveness of Prior Investments in Preparation • Making public buildings and utility facilities (city gas, water supply and sewerage) earthquake-resistant • Advance preparation for procedures to respond to disasters including business continuity plans and post-disaster needs assessment • Mutual cooperation with other cities and partnerships with private companies 3. Importance of Disaster Prevention Within the Community • Disaster prevention education and training at schools • Disaster prevention training in communities and development of community disaster preparedness leaders on a community level • Participation of women, children, disabled people and other stakeholders in disaster prevention within the community Area Hit by Tsunami Citizens Waiting for Water Distribution The Front of Sendai Station on the Day of the March 11 Earthquake 4
  • 5. Aim at “disaster prevention based on the collective strength of 1.07 million citizens”—city-wide disaster countermeasures through a cooperation system comprising self-help, mutual assistance, and public assistance based on civilian and regional power BasicPrinciplesBasicPolicies 1) Aim for disaster risk reduction with the top priority being the safety of citizens’ lives 2) Consider those who require assistance during a disaster 3) Adopt a viewpoint that keeps gender equality in mind 4) Make sure urban services are working during a disaster 6) Take disaster countermeasures that respond appropriately to the scale of disasters that occur 5) Make effective use of human resources and properly receive aid Basic Principles and Policies of the Sendai City Disaster Prevention Plan 5
  • 6. ・ Volunteer Disaster Preparedness Organizations (Approx. 1,400 organizations): Organized in 98.9% of pre-existing Neighborhood Associations in the city ・ Community Disaster Preparedness Leaders (Approx. 600 leaders) ・Planning disaster-prevention training tailored to communities ・Providing evacuation guidance and rescue at the time of disaster Issues to be Addressed Through Mutual Assistance ・Providing initial rescue ・Providing evacuation guidance to people requiring assistance, etc. ・Managing evacuation centers on a community basis ・Conducting disaster prevention training 6 Cooperation in Local Communities Leading Providers of Mutual Assistance Training for Community Disaster Preparedness Leaders Disaster prevention and evacuation center management training at night
  • 7.  Mainstreaming disaster risk reduction in all measures in Sendai City  Transmitting information through a regional disaster-prevention platform  Encouraging collaboration with the Global Centre for Disaster Statistics (Tohoku University/UNDP)  Conveying our experiences and efforts in cooperation with stakeholders in Japan and abroad 7 Future Efforts to Promote the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction Sendai City aims to promote the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction by strengthening cooperation with various stakeholders at home and abroad. Established the Global Centre for Disaster Statistics Study Tour to Arahama Elementary School with JICA trainees
  • 8. Community Initiatives for Disaster Prevention and Disaster Risk Reduction 2016 Sendai Symposium for Disaster Risk Reduction and the Future March 12, 2016 Sendai 8
  • 9. Experiences and Lessons Learned from Post-Disaster Recovery Disaster Recovery Efforts •Restoring the livelihood of people affected by the disaster •Multiple defenses against tsunamis •Agricultural rehabilitation and green regeneration Disaster Resilience Disaster-Resilient and Environmentally- Friendly City for a Secure Future Sharing Information Throughout Japan and the World Promotion of Exchange Activities and Economic Investments Contributing to the World’s Disaster Prevention Culture and Establishing a City Brand History of Building an Environmental City in Sendai –the City of Trees Low Carbon Global Environment Ease of Living Living Environment NaturalEnvironment Urban Environment Disaster Prevention and Environmentally-Focused ‘Human Capacity Building’ •Educating people on disaster prevention •Improving community resilience •Disaster recovery memorial Resilience Recovery Capability Disaster Prevention and Environmentally-Focused City Planning •Developing resilient infrastructure •A city with self-sustaining energy •Building a low carbon city Aiming to Make Sendai a ‘Disaster-Resilient and Environmentally-Friendly City’ 9http://www.sendai-resilience.jp
  • 10. Thank You Yukimoto Ito, Vice Mayor, The City of Sendai