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G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur
(An Autonomous Institute affiliated to RTM Nagpur University)
Subject: Engineering Physics-Semester-I
Optoelectronic Devices
What are Optoelectronic devices?
Opto-electronics is the study and application of electronic
devices and systems that source, detect and control light,
usually considered a sub-field of photonics. In this
context, light often includes invisible forms of radiation
such as gamma rays, X-rays, ultraviolet and infrared, in
addition to visible light.
Different Optoelectronic Devices
1- Light Emitting Diode
2- Organic LED
3- Solar Cell
4-Photodiode
5-PIN Diode
Circuit Symbols
1-Light Emitting Diode
2-Organic LED
3-Solar Cell
5-PIN Diode
4-Photodiode
Working
1-LED
A Light Emitting Diode is a two-lead semiconductor
light source. It is a p-n junction diode that emits light
when activated. When a suitable voltage is applied to
the leads, electrons are able to recombine with
electrons holes within the device, releasing energy in
the form of photons.
2-OLED
3-Solar Cell
4-Photodiode
5-PIN Diode
The basic Principle is identical. OLED emits light by
conducting electricity to the organic materials that
are sandwiched between the electrodes. On the
other hand, LED emits light by conducting electricity
to inorganic materials that are sandwiched between
electrodes.
When sunlight strikes a solar cell, electrons in the
silicone are ejected, which results in the formation of
“holes”-the vacancies left behind the escaping
electrons. If this happens in the electric field, the
field will move electrons to the n-type layer and
holes to the p-type layer.
A photodiode is a semiconductor p-n junction device
that converts light into an electrical current. The
current is generated when photons are absorbed in
the photodiode. Photodiodes may contain optical
filters, built-in lenses, and may have large or small
surface areas.
A PIN Diode operated under what is known as high
level injection. In other words, the intrinsic “I” region
is flooded with charge carriers from the “p” and “n”
regions.
Its function can be likened to filling up a water
bucket with a hole on the side. Once the water
reaches the hole’s level it will begin to pour out.
Name- Amritansh Manthapurwar
Section/Roll no.- E -09
Branch- Mechanical, Subject –Engg. Physics

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Semiconductor Physics.pptx

  • 1. G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur (An Autonomous Institute affiliated to RTM Nagpur University) Subject: Engineering Physics-Semester-I Optoelectronic Devices What are Optoelectronic devices? Opto-electronics is the study and application of electronic devices and systems that source, detect and control light, usually considered a sub-field of photonics. In this context, light often includes invisible forms of radiation such as gamma rays, X-rays, ultraviolet and infrared, in addition to visible light. Different Optoelectronic Devices 1- Light Emitting Diode 2- Organic LED 3- Solar Cell 4-Photodiode 5-PIN Diode Circuit Symbols 1-Light Emitting Diode 2-Organic LED 3-Solar Cell 5-PIN Diode 4-Photodiode Working 1-LED A Light Emitting Diode is a two-lead semiconductor light source. It is a p-n junction diode that emits light when activated. When a suitable voltage is applied to the leads, electrons are able to recombine with electrons holes within the device, releasing energy in the form of photons. 2-OLED 3-Solar Cell 4-Photodiode 5-PIN Diode The basic Principle is identical. OLED emits light by conducting electricity to the organic materials that are sandwiched between the electrodes. On the other hand, LED emits light by conducting electricity to inorganic materials that are sandwiched between electrodes. When sunlight strikes a solar cell, electrons in the silicone are ejected, which results in the formation of “holes”-the vacancies left behind the escaping electrons. If this happens in the electric field, the field will move electrons to the n-type layer and holes to the p-type layer. A photodiode is a semiconductor p-n junction device that converts light into an electrical current. The current is generated when photons are absorbed in the photodiode. Photodiodes may contain optical filters, built-in lenses, and may have large or small surface areas. A PIN Diode operated under what is known as high level injection. In other words, the intrinsic “I” region is flooded with charge carriers from the “p” and “n” regions. Its function can be likened to filling up a water bucket with a hole on the side. Once the water reaches the hole’s level it will begin to pour out. Name- Amritansh Manthapurwar Section/Roll no.- E -09 Branch- Mechanical, Subject –Engg. Physics