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Segregation	at	Estonian	labour market	–
challenges	and	opportunities
Marta	Traks
National	EURES	coordinator
Estonian	Unemployment	Insurance	Fund
Distribution of the Estonian population by counties
Source: Statistics Estonia, data on 01.01.2015
Total number of registered population of Estonia: 1 352 486 by 1 November 2016.
84% of them Estonian citizens; 9,7 % persons with undetermined citizenship and 6,1% citizens of other countries
Labour force forecast
Source: Statistics Estonia
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Number	of	people	in	thousands
Number	of	employed Number	of	unemployed Number	of	inactive
Labour force aged 16 - pension age: 637,1 thousands
Employment rate: 66,5% (III Q 2016)
Source: Unemployment InsuranceFund
Registered unemployment rate by counties,31.10.2016
Number of registered unemployed (aged 16 - pension age): 26 914
Unemployment rate: 4,2%
Share of registered unemployed in risk groups, %
Source: Unemployment InsuranceFund
70% of registered unemployed belong to at least one risk group
Registered	unemployed	by	citizenship,	31.10.2016
45% of unemployed are Russian speakers (31.10.2016)
Source: Unemployment InsuranceFund
75.3%
12.4%
10.0%
0.7%
0.4%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.6%
0.7%
Estonia Undetermined	citizenship Russia
Ukraina Latvia Belarus
Lithuania Syria Iraq
Georgia Italy Others
Employment	Measures Disability	Employment	Measures
▪ Job	mediation	and	counselling (incl.	
EURES)
▪ Career	information&councelling
▪ Training	and	traineeships
▪ Business	start-up&follow-up	 support	
▪ Wage	subsidies	(incl	My	First	Job)
▪ Job creation	support	(regional)
▪ Mobility	allowance
▪ Coaching	for	working	life
▪ Voluntary&community	 work
▪ Psychological,	debt&
addiction	councelling
▪ Individual	job	coaching&placement
▪ Care	allowance		
▪ Individual	solutions
▪ Assistance	with	job	interview
▪ Technical	aids&workplace	adjustments
▪ Employment	 with	support	 person	
▪ Sheltered	employment
▪ Peer	counselling
▪ Employment	 rehabilitation
▪ Travel-to-work-allowance
▪ Mobile	councelling	for	young	people	
with	special	needs	(from	school	to	work)
▪ Councelling&training	 for	employers
Preventive	Measures
▪ Skills	training
▪ Study	allowance	(vocational	or	
higher	education)
▪ Employer’s	training	grant	
(recruitement	or	change)	
Employment	
Measures	for	
Jobseekers,	
Employers	and	
Employees
Participation in Active Labour Market Programs
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
40%
2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 2015 2017
Participation	in	ALMP	(monthly	average)
Other	measures
Wage	subsidy
Job	search	training
Career	counselling
Coaching	for	working	life
Work	practice
Work	related	training
Business	start-up	subsidy
Source: Unemployment InsuranceFund
Transition into employment within 6 month
after finishing work practice and training
Unemployed participating in töötukassa programs/
services/trainings, by the language groups (2015)
Source: Unemployment InsuranceFund
Participation of unemployed persons in Estonian
language trainings (2015 ja 2016)
1544
1772
1519
1203
1203
819
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2015 2016	(January	- October)
Koolitusele	sisenejate	arv
Year
Kõik	koolitustele	sisenejad sh	koolituse/eksami	tulemus	teada Koolituse	lõpetanuid
Source: Unemployment InsuranceFund
Töötukassa - Connecting employers and jobseekers
www.tootukassa.ee
For	more	conference	materials	and	presentations
please	visit www.misakonverents.ee

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Segregation at Estonian labour market – challenges and opportunities

  • 2. Distribution of the Estonian population by counties Source: Statistics Estonia, data on 01.01.2015 Total number of registered population of Estonia: 1 352 486 by 1 November 2016. 84% of them Estonian citizens; 9,7 % persons with undetermined citizenship and 6,1% citizens of other countries
  • 3. Labour force forecast Source: Statistics Estonia 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III I III 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Number of people in thousands Number of employed Number of unemployed Number of inactive Labour force aged 16 - pension age: 637,1 thousands Employment rate: 66,5% (III Q 2016)
  • 4. Source: Unemployment InsuranceFund Registered unemployment rate by counties,31.10.2016 Number of registered unemployed (aged 16 - pension age): 26 914 Unemployment rate: 4,2%
  • 5. Share of registered unemployed in risk groups, % Source: Unemployment InsuranceFund 70% of registered unemployed belong to at least one risk group
  • 6. Registered unemployed by citizenship, 31.10.2016 45% of unemployed are Russian speakers (31.10.2016) Source: Unemployment InsuranceFund 75.3% 12.4% 10.0% 0.7% 0.4% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.6% 0.7% Estonia Undetermined citizenship Russia Ukraina Latvia Belarus Lithuania Syria Iraq Georgia Italy Others
  • 7. Employment Measures Disability Employment Measures ▪ Job mediation and counselling (incl. EURES) ▪ Career information&councelling ▪ Training and traineeships ▪ Business start-up&follow-up support ▪ Wage subsidies (incl My First Job) ▪ Job creation support (regional) ▪ Mobility allowance ▪ Coaching for working life ▪ Voluntary&community work ▪ Psychological, debt& addiction councelling ▪ Individual job coaching&placement ▪ Care allowance ▪ Individual solutions ▪ Assistance with job interview ▪ Technical aids&workplace adjustments ▪ Employment with support person ▪ Sheltered employment ▪ Peer counselling ▪ Employment rehabilitation ▪ Travel-to-work-allowance ▪ Mobile councelling for young people with special needs (from school to work) ▪ Councelling&training for employers Preventive Measures ▪ Skills training ▪ Study allowance (vocational or higher education) ▪ Employer’s training grant (recruitement or change) Employment Measures for Jobseekers, Employers and Employees
  • 8. Participation in Active Labour Market Programs 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 2015 2017 Participation in ALMP (monthly average) Other measures Wage subsidy Job search training Career counselling Coaching for working life Work practice Work related training Business start-up subsidy Source: Unemployment InsuranceFund
  • 9. Transition into employment within 6 month after finishing work practice and training
  • 10. Unemployed participating in töötukassa programs/ services/trainings, by the language groups (2015) Source: Unemployment InsuranceFund
  • 11. Participation of unemployed persons in Estonian language trainings (2015 ja 2016) 1544 1772 1519 1203 1203 819 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2015 2016 (January - October) Koolitusele sisenejate arv Year Kõik koolitustele sisenejad sh koolituse/eksami tulemus teada Koolituse lõpetanuid Source: Unemployment InsuranceFund
  • 12. Töötukassa - Connecting employers and jobseekers www.tootukassa.ee