SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 36
DR. MD. SHAHIDUL ISLAM
BDS, MS
Associate Professor & Head
Department of Prosthodontics
Rangpur Dental College & Hospital
Rangpur, Bangladesh
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com
 Editor-in-chief: International
Journal of Dental Medicine
 Editor: Rangpur Dental
College Journal
 Member of Editorial and
Review Board: American
Journal of Health Research,
American Journal of
Biomedical and Life Sciences,
and Clinical Medicine
Research
 Member of Review Board:
Research and Review Journal
of Dental Science
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 2
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 3
 Experts communicating through the written
word with other experts or as experts to a
non-expert audience-
 Thesis
 Dissertation
 Technical papers
 Conference papers
 Poster
 Book
 Journal Article
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 4
 Without publication, science is dead
-Gerard Piel
 A scientist must not only ‘do’ science but
must also ‘write’ science.
 A scientific experiment is not complete
until the results have been published and
understood.
 The goal of scientific research is
publication!
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 5
 Title
 Abstract
 Key Words
 IMRAD
 Conclusion
 Acknowledgement
 Reference
 Supporting materials
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 6
Introduction
Methods
Results
Discussion
and
 Before start writing, to ask:
“What am I trying to say?”
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 7
Figures and/or tables
Methods Results Discussion
Conclusion Introduction
AbstractTitle Key word
 A figure is worth a thousand words.
 Tables give the actual experimental results
 Figures are often used for comparisons of
experimental results
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 8
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
1 4 7 10 13 16 19 22 25 28 31 34 37 40 43 46 49 52
GI
Sex and GI
Male
Female
 To provide enough
details
 To repeat,
reproduce and
evaluate the study
 Explaines enough
details
 How did I studied
the problem?
 What did I use?
 How did I proceed?
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 9
 Presentation and
explanation of
findings
 New findings
contributing to the
scientific knowledge
 Based on the tables
and figures
presenting the
findings to answer
the hypothesis
 Brief description of
figures & tables
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 10
 The hardest section to
write
 Avoid statements that
irrelevant to results.
 Quantitative
descriptions are
always preferred
 Do the data support
your hypothesis?
 Discuss weaknesses
and strength of study
 Outline the next steps
for further study
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 11
 This section shows
how the work
advances the field
from the present
state of knowledge.
 No repeating the
abstract, or just
listing experimental
results.
 Should provide a
clear scientific
justification for the
work
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 12
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 13
 “State your facts as simple as possible, even
boldly. No one wants flowers of eloquence or literary
ornaments in a research article” – R.B. McKerrow
“I don’t care what you think”, George said,
“my paper is dynamic and stimulating.”
 Makes the reader interested to the paper
 Gives a thorough information
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 14
Background
Brief literature review
Introduction
Rationale
Study question
Purpose of the study
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 15
 Most visible parts of any
article
 Begin with word/words that
attracts the reader
 Readers’ decision to read
paper or not
 Reviewers’ decision to
review paper or not
 Should spell the main
message of the article
 Fewest possible words
 No abbreviations or
jargons
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 16
 Keywords are used
for
indexing the paper.
 Avoid words with a
broad Meaning
 Only well
established
abbreviations
 MeSH
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 17
 Must acknowledge
the contributor
other than
intellectual
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 18
 Whenever draw upon
previously published
work, must cite the
source
 How references are
presented varies
considerably - refer to
notes for authors for
the specific journal
 Avoid references that
are difficult to find
 Avoid self references
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 19
 Revise, revise and
revise
 Review by co-
authors
 Follow highest
quality papers
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 20
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 21
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 22
 The process of academics, scholars and
researchers sharing their research findings
so that they are available to the wider
academic community and beyond.
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 23
 Key (Determining) factors
 Impact Factor
 Indexing
 Reputation
 Access to the target audience
 Overall editorial standard
 Publication speed
 International coverage
 Open Access or HINARI participating
publisher
 BM&DC and NHL&DC
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 24
 Ethical Issues
 Style and language
 Structure of paper
 Components of paper
 Article submission/journal selection
 Publisher’s process/peer review
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 25
 Disclosure of Conflict of Interest
 Acknowledgment of funding sources
 Image manipulation guidelines
 For Health Sciences
 Institutional Review Board approval
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 26
 Refer to the journal’s author guide for notes on
 Non-native English speakers is to find a native
English speaker (if possible) to review the content
and language of the paper before submitting it
 To find a colleague/editor to review the content
and language of the paper
 See: Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts
Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and
Editing for Biomedical Publication
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 27
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 28
 ONLY include those who have made an
intellectual contribution to the research
 OR those who will publicly defend the data and
conclusions, and who have approved the final
version
 Ghost authorship
 Gift authorship
 Order of the names of the authors can vary from
discipline to discipline
 In some fields, the corresponding author’s name
appears first
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 29
 Read the aims and scope
 Think about your target audience and the
level of your work
 Follow the guidelines in the notes for
authors and include everything they ask.
 No simultaneous submission
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 30
 Authoritative quality articles
 Ease of access
 Rapid delivery
 Convenient format
 Linking of information - clustering
 Low or no cost
 Up-to-date information
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 31
 Independent
scrutiny
by other qualified
scientific expert
 Valid, significant
and
original
 Revise, reject or
published
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 32
Paper Submitted
Initial Decision by Editor
Confirmation of Receipt
Rejection Decide to Review
Assign Reviewers
Reviewers Accept Invite
Reviews Completed
RejectAccept
Notification to Author
Revise
Paper sent to Publisher
AcceptRevise
Revision Received
Revision Checked
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 34
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 35
 Please ask to:
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com
smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 36

More Related Content

What's hot

Writing research paper khalid
Writing research paper khalidWriting research paper khalid
Writing research paper khalidKhalid Mahmood
 
Reading a scientific paper
Reading a scientific paperReading a scientific paper
Reading a scientific paperDiane Clark
 
How to read ascientific paper
How to read ascientific paperHow to read ascientific paper
How to read ascientific paperKarim Elghanam
 
3 research methdology literature review
3 research methdology literature review3 research methdology literature review
3 research methdology literature reviewDr. S.N. Sridhara
 
Chapters 1 And 2
Chapters 1 And 2Chapters 1 And 2
Chapters 1 And 2EDUCAUSE
 
Understanding a research article for students
 Understanding a research article  for students Understanding a research article  for students
Understanding a research article for studentsThangamani Ramalingam
 
how to write an article for publication
how to write an article for publicationhow to write an article for publication
how to write an article for publicationZeba Khan
 
The manuscript writing process for medical writers
The manuscript writing process for medical writersThe manuscript writing process for medical writers
The manuscript writing process for medical writersPaul Giles, PhD
 
Publishing Research by Dr.Marta Elliot
Publishing Research by Dr.Marta ElliotPublishing Research by Dr.Marta Elliot
Publishing Research by Dr.Marta ElliotKorawan Sangkakorn
 
How to Write an Effective and Quality Medical Research Paper
How to Write an Effective and Quality Medical Research PaperHow to Write an Effective and Quality Medical Research Paper
How to Write an Effective and Quality Medical Research PaperCognibrain Healthcare
 
How to write a scientific paper for publication
How to write a scientific paper for publicationHow to write a scientific paper for publication
How to write a scientific paper for publicationAnisur Rahman
 
Writing literature review
Writing literature reviewWriting literature review
Writing literature reviewPreeti Bhaskar
 
How to write a research proposal dr toh.docx
How to write a research proposal dr toh.docxHow to write a research proposal dr toh.docx
How to write a research proposal dr toh.docxtohsc
 
Study Guide for Critically Reading Scholarly Articles
Study Guide for Critically Reading Scholarly ArticlesStudy Guide for Critically Reading Scholarly Articles
Study Guide for Critically Reading Scholarly ArticlesSpelman College
 
Using the internet in research
Using the internet in researchUsing the internet in research
Using the internet in researchRowan Wagner
 
How to write a good research proposal
How to write a good research proposalHow to write a good research proposal
How to write a good research proposalarvind saini
 

What's hot (20)

Writing research paper khalid
Writing research paper khalidWriting research paper khalid
Writing research paper khalid
 
How to read a research article
How to read a research articleHow to read a research article
How to read a research article
 
Reading a scientific paper
Reading a scientific paperReading a scientific paper
Reading a scientific paper
 
How to read ascientific paper
How to read ascientific paperHow to read ascientific paper
How to read ascientific paper
 
3 research methdology literature review
3 research methdology literature review3 research methdology literature review
3 research methdology literature review
 
Chapters 1 And 2
Chapters 1 And 2Chapters 1 And 2
Chapters 1 And 2
 
Understanding a research article for students
 Understanding a research article  for students Understanding a research article  for students
Understanding a research article for students
 
How to write a scientific paper؟
How to write a scientific paper؟How to write a scientific paper؟
How to write a scientific paper؟
 
how to write an article for publication
how to write an article for publicationhow to write an article for publication
how to write an article for publication
 
The manuscript writing process for medical writers
The manuscript writing process for medical writersThe manuscript writing process for medical writers
The manuscript writing process for medical writers
 
Publishing Research by Dr.Marta Elliot
Publishing Research by Dr.Marta ElliotPublishing Research by Dr.Marta Elliot
Publishing Research by Dr.Marta Elliot
 
How to Write an Effective and Quality Medical Research Paper
How to Write an Effective and Quality Medical Research PaperHow to Write an Effective and Quality Medical Research Paper
How to Write an Effective and Quality Medical Research Paper
 
How to write a scientific paper for publication
How to write a scientific paper for publicationHow to write a scientific paper for publication
How to write a scientific paper for publication
 
Writing literature review
Writing literature reviewWriting literature review
Writing literature review
 
How to write a research proposal dr toh.docx
How to write a research proposal dr toh.docxHow to write a research proposal dr toh.docx
How to write a research proposal dr toh.docx
 
Study Guide for Critically Reading Scholarly Articles
Study Guide for Critically Reading Scholarly ArticlesStudy Guide for Critically Reading Scholarly Articles
Study Guide for Critically Reading Scholarly Articles
 
Knowledge gap identification
Knowledge gap identificationKnowledge gap identification
Knowledge gap identification
 
Using the internet in research
Using the internet in researchUsing the internet in research
Using the internet in research
 
Scientific research writing and types of scientific artiles
Scientific research writing and types of scientific artilesScientific research writing and types of scientific artiles
Scientific research writing and types of scientific artiles
 
How to write a good research proposal
How to write a good research proposalHow to write a good research proposal
How to write a good research proposal
 

Similar to Scientific writing & scholarly publishing

scientific%20paper.pptx
scientific%20paper.pptxscientific%20paper.pptx
scientific%20paper.pptxReshmaSR9
 
How to write a journal article
How to write a journal articleHow to write a journal article
How to write a journal articleKhalid Mahmood
 
Research Methodology Literature review
Research Methodology Literature reviewResearch Methodology Literature review
Research Methodology Literature reviewramhari mena
 
Effective PhD research Progress
Effective PhD research ProgressEffective PhD research Progress
Effective PhD research ProgressOmer Mahfoodh
 
How To Write A Manuscript (2008)
How To Write A Manuscript (2008)How To Write A Manuscript (2008)
How To Write A Manuscript (2008)tejasdesai
 
How Many Research Questions is Enough For a Quality Dissertation? - Phdassist...
How Many Research Questions is Enough For a Quality Dissertation? - Phdassist...How Many Research Questions is Enough For a Quality Dissertation? - Phdassist...
How Many Research Questions is Enough For a Quality Dissertation? - Phdassist...PhD Assistance
 
Research writting rules
Research writting rulesResearch writting rules
Research writting rulesSyed Ayaz
 
DefinitionThe goal of a research proposal is to present and justif.docx
DefinitionThe goal of a research proposal is to present and justif.docxDefinitionThe goal of a research proposal is to present and justif.docx
DefinitionThe goal of a research proposal is to present and justif.docxpetehbailey729071
 
Scientific writing
Scientific writingScientific writing
Scientific writingLAKSHMANAN S
 
Writing a research proposal
Writing a research proposalWriting a research proposal
Writing a research proposalOmer Mahfoodh
 
Instruction to Authors for Quality Publications
Instruction to Authors for Quality PublicationsInstruction to Authors for Quality Publications
Instruction to Authors for Quality PublicationsAmit Agrawal
 
Developing Acumen for Identification and Generation of Research Material and ...
Developing Acumen for Identification and Generation of Research Material and ...Developing Acumen for Identification and Generation of Research Material and ...
Developing Acumen for Identification and Generation of Research Material and ...Amit Agrawal
 
Literature Review: Managing Information Overflow: MindMapping, Citation Mappi...
Literature Review: Managing Information Overflow: MindMapping, Citation Mappi...Literature Review: Managing Information Overflow: MindMapping, Citation Mappi...
Literature Review: Managing Information Overflow: MindMapping, Citation Mappi...Umm Al-Qura University Faculty of Dentistry
 
Ed Scholarship Annotated Bibliography Session
Ed Scholarship Annotated Bibliography SessionEd Scholarship Annotated Bibliography Session
Ed Scholarship Annotated Bibliography SessionElizabeth Johns
 
Due 32117You MUST use this outline for the format of your .docx
Due 32117You MUST use this outline for the format of your .docxDue 32117You MUST use this outline for the format of your .docx
Due 32117You MUST use this outline for the format of your .docxharold7fisher61282
 
Introduction to research methods for health.docx
Introduction to research methods for health.docxIntroduction to research methods for health.docx
Introduction to research methods for health.docxwrite4
 

Similar to Scientific writing & scholarly publishing (20)

scientific%20paper.pptx
scientific%20paper.pptxscientific%20paper.pptx
scientific%20paper.pptx
 
How to write a journal article
How to write a journal articleHow to write a journal article
How to write a journal article
 
Research Methodology Literature review
Research Methodology Literature reviewResearch Methodology Literature review
Research Methodology Literature review
 
Effective PhD research Progress
Effective PhD research ProgressEffective PhD research Progress
Effective PhD research Progress
 
How To Write A Manuscript (2008)
How To Write A Manuscript (2008)How To Write A Manuscript (2008)
How To Write A Manuscript (2008)
 
How Many Research Questions is Enough For a Quality Dissertation? - Phdassist...
How Many Research Questions is Enough For a Quality Dissertation? - Phdassist...How Many Research Questions is Enough For a Quality Dissertation? - Phdassist...
How Many Research Questions is Enough For a Quality Dissertation? - Phdassist...
 
Research writting rules
Research writting rulesResearch writting rules
Research writting rules
 
DefinitionThe goal of a research proposal is to present and justif.docx
DefinitionThe goal of a research proposal is to present and justif.docxDefinitionThe goal of a research proposal is to present and justif.docx
DefinitionThe goal of a research proposal is to present and justif.docx
 
How2write
How2writeHow2write
How2write
 
Scientific writing
Scientific writingScientific writing
Scientific writing
 
Writing a research proposal
Writing a research proposalWriting a research proposal
Writing a research proposal
 
Instruction to Authors for Quality Publications
Instruction to Authors for Quality PublicationsInstruction to Authors for Quality Publications
Instruction to Authors for Quality Publications
 
Developing Acumen for Identification and Generation of Research Material and ...
Developing Acumen for Identification and Generation of Research Material and ...Developing Acumen for Identification and Generation of Research Material and ...
Developing Acumen for Identification and Generation of Research Material and ...
 
Research Paper Writing
Research Paper WritingResearch Paper Writing
Research Paper Writing
 
Lesson 3 chapter 1
Lesson 3   chapter 1Lesson 3   chapter 1
Lesson 3 chapter 1
 
Literature Review: Managing Information Overflow: MindMapping, Citation Mappi...
Literature Review: Managing Information Overflow: MindMapping, Citation Mappi...Literature Review: Managing Information Overflow: MindMapping, Citation Mappi...
Literature Review: Managing Information Overflow: MindMapping, Citation Mappi...
 
Ed Scholarship Annotated Bibliography Session
Ed Scholarship Annotated Bibliography SessionEd Scholarship Annotated Bibliography Session
Ed Scholarship Annotated Bibliography Session
 
Due 32117You MUST use this outline for the format of your .docx
Due 32117You MUST use this outline for the format of your .docxDue 32117You MUST use this outline for the format of your .docx
Due 32117You MUST use this outline for the format of your .docx
 
How to write a research manuscript?
How to write a research manuscript?How to write a research manuscript?
How to write a research manuscript?
 
Introduction to research methods for health.docx
Introduction to research methods for health.docxIntroduction to research methods for health.docx
Introduction to research methods for health.docx
 

Recently uploaded

Chizaram's Women Tech Makers Deck. .pptx
Chizaram's Women Tech Makers Deck.  .pptxChizaram's Women Tech Makers Deck.  .pptx
Chizaram's Women Tech Makers Deck. .pptxogubuikealex
 
General Elections Final Press Noteas per M
General Elections Final Press Noteas per MGeneral Elections Final Press Noteas per M
General Elections Final Press Noteas per MVidyaAdsule1
 
Early Modern Spain. All about this period
Early Modern Spain. All about this periodEarly Modern Spain. All about this period
Early Modern Spain. All about this periodSaraIsabelJimenez
 
Dutch Power - 26 maart 2024 - Henk Kras - Circular Plastics
Dutch Power - 26 maart 2024 - Henk Kras - Circular PlasticsDutch Power - 26 maart 2024 - Henk Kras - Circular Plastics
Dutch Power - 26 maart 2024 - Henk Kras - Circular PlasticsDutch Power
 
proposal kumeneger edited.docx A kumeeger
proposal kumeneger edited.docx A kumeegerproposal kumeneger edited.docx A kumeeger
proposal kumeneger edited.docx A kumeegerkumenegertelayegrama
 
Engaging Eid Ul Fitr Presentation for Kindergartners.pptx
Engaging Eid Ul Fitr Presentation for Kindergartners.pptxEngaging Eid Ul Fitr Presentation for Kindergartners.pptx
Engaging Eid Ul Fitr Presentation for Kindergartners.pptxAsifArshad8
 
Quality by design.. ppt for RA (1ST SEM
Quality by design.. ppt for  RA (1ST SEMQuality by design.. ppt for  RA (1ST SEM
Quality by design.. ppt for RA (1ST SEMCharmi13
 
THE COUNTRY WHO SOLVED THE WORLD_HOW CHINA LAUNCHED THE CIVILIZATION REVOLUTI...
THE COUNTRY WHO SOLVED THE WORLD_HOW CHINA LAUNCHED THE CIVILIZATION REVOLUTI...THE COUNTRY WHO SOLVED THE WORLD_HOW CHINA LAUNCHED THE CIVILIZATION REVOLUTI...
THE COUNTRY WHO SOLVED THE WORLD_HOW CHINA LAUNCHED THE CIVILIZATION REVOLUTI...漢銘 謝
 
SaaStr Workshop Wednesday w/ Kyle Norton, Owner.com
SaaStr Workshop Wednesday w/ Kyle Norton, Owner.comSaaStr Workshop Wednesday w/ Kyle Norton, Owner.com
SaaStr Workshop Wednesday w/ Kyle Norton, Owner.comsaastr
 
The Ten Facts About People With Autism Presentation
The Ten Facts About People With Autism PresentationThe Ten Facts About People With Autism Presentation
The Ten Facts About People With Autism PresentationNathan Young
 
A Guide to Choosing the Ideal Air Cooler
A Guide to Choosing the Ideal Air CoolerA Guide to Choosing the Ideal Air Cooler
A Guide to Choosing the Ideal Air Coolerenquirieskenstar
 
Internship Presentation | PPT | CSE | SE
Internship Presentation | PPT | CSE | SEInternship Presentation | PPT | CSE | SE
Internship Presentation | PPT | CSE | SESaleh Ibne Omar
 
RACHEL-ANN M. TENIBRO PRODUCT RESEARCH PRESENTATION
RACHEL-ANN M. TENIBRO PRODUCT RESEARCH PRESENTATIONRACHEL-ANN M. TENIBRO PRODUCT RESEARCH PRESENTATION
RACHEL-ANN M. TENIBRO PRODUCT RESEARCH PRESENTATIONRachelAnnTenibroAmaz
 
GESCO SE Press and Analyst Conference on Financial Results 2024
GESCO SE Press and Analyst Conference on Financial Results 2024GESCO SE Press and Analyst Conference on Financial Results 2024
GESCO SE Press and Analyst Conference on Financial Results 2024GESCO SE
 
cse-csp batch4 review-1.1.pptx cyber security
cse-csp batch4 review-1.1.pptx cyber securitycse-csp batch4 review-1.1.pptx cyber security
cse-csp batch4 review-1.1.pptx cyber securitysandeepnani2260
 
Application of GIS in Landslide Disaster Response.pptx
Application of GIS in Landslide Disaster Response.pptxApplication of GIS in Landslide Disaster Response.pptx
Application of GIS in Landslide Disaster Response.pptxRoquia Salam
 
INDIAN GCP GUIDELINE. for Regulatory affair 1st sem CRR
INDIAN GCP GUIDELINE. for Regulatory  affair 1st sem CRRINDIAN GCP GUIDELINE. for Regulatory  affair 1st sem CRR
INDIAN GCP GUIDELINE. for Regulatory affair 1st sem CRRsarwankumar4524
 

Recently uploaded (17)

Chizaram's Women Tech Makers Deck. .pptx
Chizaram's Women Tech Makers Deck.  .pptxChizaram's Women Tech Makers Deck.  .pptx
Chizaram's Women Tech Makers Deck. .pptx
 
General Elections Final Press Noteas per M
General Elections Final Press Noteas per MGeneral Elections Final Press Noteas per M
General Elections Final Press Noteas per M
 
Early Modern Spain. All about this period
Early Modern Spain. All about this periodEarly Modern Spain. All about this period
Early Modern Spain. All about this period
 
Dutch Power - 26 maart 2024 - Henk Kras - Circular Plastics
Dutch Power - 26 maart 2024 - Henk Kras - Circular PlasticsDutch Power - 26 maart 2024 - Henk Kras - Circular Plastics
Dutch Power - 26 maart 2024 - Henk Kras - Circular Plastics
 
proposal kumeneger edited.docx A kumeeger
proposal kumeneger edited.docx A kumeegerproposal kumeneger edited.docx A kumeeger
proposal kumeneger edited.docx A kumeeger
 
Engaging Eid Ul Fitr Presentation for Kindergartners.pptx
Engaging Eid Ul Fitr Presentation for Kindergartners.pptxEngaging Eid Ul Fitr Presentation for Kindergartners.pptx
Engaging Eid Ul Fitr Presentation for Kindergartners.pptx
 
Quality by design.. ppt for RA (1ST SEM
Quality by design.. ppt for  RA (1ST SEMQuality by design.. ppt for  RA (1ST SEM
Quality by design.. ppt for RA (1ST SEM
 
THE COUNTRY WHO SOLVED THE WORLD_HOW CHINA LAUNCHED THE CIVILIZATION REVOLUTI...
THE COUNTRY WHO SOLVED THE WORLD_HOW CHINA LAUNCHED THE CIVILIZATION REVOLUTI...THE COUNTRY WHO SOLVED THE WORLD_HOW CHINA LAUNCHED THE CIVILIZATION REVOLUTI...
THE COUNTRY WHO SOLVED THE WORLD_HOW CHINA LAUNCHED THE CIVILIZATION REVOLUTI...
 
SaaStr Workshop Wednesday w/ Kyle Norton, Owner.com
SaaStr Workshop Wednesday w/ Kyle Norton, Owner.comSaaStr Workshop Wednesday w/ Kyle Norton, Owner.com
SaaStr Workshop Wednesday w/ Kyle Norton, Owner.com
 
The Ten Facts About People With Autism Presentation
The Ten Facts About People With Autism PresentationThe Ten Facts About People With Autism Presentation
The Ten Facts About People With Autism Presentation
 
A Guide to Choosing the Ideal Air Cooler
A Guide to Choosing the Ideal Air CoolerA Guide to Choosing the Ideal Air Cooler
A Guide to Choosing the Ideal Air Cooler
 
Internship Presentation | PPT | CSE | SE
Internship Presentation | PPT | CSE | SEInternship Presentation | PPT | CSE | SE
Internship Presentation | PPT | CSE | SE
 
RACHEL-ANN M. TENIBRO PRODUCT RESEARCH PRESENTATION
RACHEL-ANN M. TENIBRO PRODUCT RESEARCH PRESENTATIONRACHEL-ANN M. TENIBRO PRODUCT RESEARCH PRESENTATION
RACHEL-ANN M. TENIBRO PRODUCT RESEARCH PRESENTATION
 
GESCO SE Press and Analyst Conference on Financial Results 2024
GESCO SE Press and Analyst Conference on Financial Results 2024GESCO SE Press and Analyst Conference on Financial Results 2024
GESCO SE Press and Analyst Conference on Financial Results 2024
 
cse-csp batch4 review-1.1.pptx cyber security
cse-csp batch4 review-1.1.pptx cyber securitycse-csp batch4 review-1.1.pptx cyber security
cse-csp batch4 review-1.1.pptx cyber security
 
Application of GIS in Landslide Disaster Response.pptx
Application of GIS in Landslide Disaster Response.pptxApplication of GIS in Landslide Disaster Response.pptx
Application of GIS in Landslide Disaster Response.pptx
 
INDIAN GCP GUIDELINE. for Regulatory affair 1st sem CRR
INDIAN GCP GUIDELINE. for Regulatory  affair 1st sem CRRINDIAN GCP GUIDELINE. for Regulatory  affair 1st sem CRR
INDIAN GCP GUIDELINE. for Regulatory affair 1st sem CRR
 

Scientific writing & scholarly publishing

  • 1. DR. MD. SHAHIDUL ISLAM BDS, MS Associate Professor & Head Department of Prosthodontics Rangpur Dental College & Hospital Rangpur, Bangladesh smshaheen0407@yahoo.com
  • 2.  Editor-in-chief: International Journal of Dental Medicine  Editor: Rangpur Dental College Journal  Member of Editorial and Review Board: American Journal of Health Research, American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences, and Clinical Medicine Research  Member of Review Board: Research and Review Journal of Dental Science smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 2
  • 4.  Experts communicating through the written word with other experts or as experts to a non-expert audience-  Thesis  Dissertation  Technical papers  Conference papers  Poster  Book  Journal Article smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 4
  • 5.  Without publication, science is dead -Gerard Piel  A scientist must not only ‘do’ science but must also ‘write’ science.  A scientific experiment is not complete until the results have been published and understood.  The goal of scientific research is publication! smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 5
  • 6.  Title  Abstract  Key Words  IMRAD  Conclusion  Acknowledgement  Reference  Supporting materials smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 6 Introduction Methods Results Discussion and
  • 7.  Before start writing, to ask: “What am I trying to say?” smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 7 Figures and/or tables Methods Results Discussion Conclusion Introduction AbstractTitle Key word
  • 8.  A figure is worth a thousand words.  Tables give the actual experimental results  Figures are often used for comparisons of experimental results smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 8 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 1 4 7 10 13 16 19 22 25 28 31 34 37 40 43 46 49 52 GI Sex and GI Male Female
  • 9.  To provide enough details  To repeat, reproduce and evaluate the study  Explaines enough details  How did I studied the problem?  What did I use?  How did I proceed? smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 9
  • 10.  Presentation and explanation of findings  New findings contributing to the scientific knowledge  Based on the tables and figures presenting the findings to answer the hypothesis  Brief description of figures & tables smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 10
  • 11.  The hardest section to write  Avoid statements that irrelevant to results.  Quantitative descriptions are always preferred  Do the data support your hypothesis?  Discuss weaknesses and strength of study  Outline the next steps for further study smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 11
  • 12.  This section shows how the work advances the field from the present state of knowledge.  No repeating the abstract, or just listing experimental results.  Should provide a clear scientific justification for the work smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 12
  • 13. smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 13  “State your facts as simple as possible, even boldly. No one wants flowers of eloquence or literary ornaments in a research article” – R.B. McKerrow “I don’t care what you think”, George said, “my paper is dynamic and stimulating.”
  • 14.  Makes the reader interested to the paper  Gives a thorough information smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 14 Background Brief literature review Introduction Rationale Study question Purpose of the study
  • 16.  Most visible parts of any article  Begin with word/words that attracts the reader  Readers’ decision to read paper or not  Reviewers’ decision to review paper or not  Should spell the main message of the article  Fewest possible words  No abbreviations or jargons smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 16
  • 17.  Keywords are used for indexing the paper.  Avoid words with a broad Meaning  Only well established abbreviations  MeSH smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 17
  • 18.  Must acknowledge the contributor other than intellectual smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 18
  • 19.  Whenever draw upon previously published work, must cite the source  How references are presented varies considerably - refer to notes for authors for the specific journal  Avoid references that are difficult to find  Avoid self references smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 19
  • 20.  Revise, revise and revise  Review by co- authors  Follow highest quality papers smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 20
  • 23.  The process of academics, scholars and researchers sharing their research findings so that they are available to the wider academic community and beyond. smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 23
  • 24.  Key (Determining) factors  Impact Factor  Indexing  Reputation  Access to the target audience  Overall editorial standard  Publication speed  International coverage  Open Access or HINARI participating publisher  BM&DC and NHL&DC smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 24
  • 25.  Ethical Issues  Style and language  Structure of paper  Components of paper  Article submission/journal selection  Publisher’s process/peer review smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 25
  • 26.  Disclosure of Conflict of Interest  Acknowledgment of funding sources  Image manipulation guidelines  For Health Sciences  Institutional Review Board approval smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 26
  • 27.  Refer to the journal’s author guide for notes on  Non-native English speakers is to find a native English speaker (if possible) to review the content and language of the paper before submitting it  To find a colleague/editor to review the content and language of the paper  See: Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 27
  • 29.  ONLY include those who have made an intellectual contribution to the research  OR those who will publicly defend the data and conclusions, and who have approved the final version  Ghost authorship  Gift authorship  Order of the names of the authors can vary from discipline to discipline  In some fields, the corresponding author’s name appears first smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 29
  • 30.  Read the aims and scope  Think about your target audience and the level of your work  Follow the guidelines in the notes for authors and include everything they ask.  No simultaneous submission smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 30
  • 31.  Authoritative quality articles  Ease of access  Rapid delivery  Convenient format  Linking of information - clustering  Low or no cost  Up-to-date information smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 31
  • 32.  Independent scrutiny by other qualified scientific expert  Valid, significant and original  Revise, reject or published smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 32
  • 33. Paper Submitted Initial Decision by Editor Confirmation of Receipt Rejection Decide to Review Assign Reviewers Reviewers Accept Invite Reviews Completed RejectAccept Notification to Author Revise Paper sent to Publisher AcceptRevise Revision Received Revision Checked
  • 36.  Please ask to: smshaheen0407@yahoo.com smshaheen0407@yahoo.com 36

Editor's Notes

  1. Present tense-mostly; Document all facts with references.; Selective, not exhaustive, to choose studies & cite; Avoidance of self citations; Define abbreviations; The clear links between problem and solution, question asked and research design, prior research and current experiment To engage reader to make it intelligible for who is not expert in the field