SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 26
Being Human and Working Towards Justice in the
Digital Age Through the Study and Teaching of
Young Adult Literature
Amy Piotrowski, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor, Utah State University
Twitter: @piotrowskiamy Website: amypiotrowski.com
The Issue
NCTE’s Definition of Literacy in a Digital Age (2019) calls on
teachers to have students:
● “Participate effectively and critically in a networked world”
● “Examine the rights, responsibilities, and ethical
implications of the use and creation of information”
The Issue
One way to think about ethics and responsibilities is through
science fiction, a genre that is “a literature of possibilities and
alternatives.” (Mendlesohn)
The Issue
What does it mean to be human in a world of the Internet,
artificial intelligence, virtual reality, social media, smart
devices, and data collection many places we go offline and
online?
The Issue
“Books that provide fictional representations of a future that
involves technological advancement play a unique role in
introducing children to issues that are relevant to scientific
and technological progress, as in the moral and ethical
implications of such developments” (Flanagan, Tech and
Identity in YAL, 2014, p. 6)
The Issue
“Literature possess the power to imagine a future and, in so
doing, engage readers in questions of ethics in otherwise
unthought-of scenarios. Through reading and critical
discussion, English teachers offer students emotional and
social questions, enabling them - we hope - to face their
future dilemmas with intelligence, empathy, and autonomy”
(Lindblom, Rivera, & Radice, 2020)
The Issue
Posthumanism examines technology’s impact on humanity
and society, from Haraway (1985) and Hayles (1999), in
which the boundaries between the human and the
technological are blurred, to recent work examining
depictions of technology in YAL (Flannagan, 2014; Hervey
2018)
The Issue
Flanagan discusses how in posthumanism agency is
“collective and networked instead of being based purely on
individualism” (2014, p. 5). So, how do we act ethically when
agency is “collective and networked” online?
The Novels
YA science fiction provides readers with a look at the ethics
of Internet technologies, online spaces, and artificial
intelligence. These texts demonstrate how technologies
aren’t neutral, reflect the biases of the people who make
them, and come with ethical issues.
The Novels
The Novels
The Novels
Feed (2012)
Titus and friends have the connective capabilities of the Feed, but the way the
Feed works is designed to distract them. (Flanagan points out how the first person
narration brings the reader into Titus’s “fragmented” and interrupted lived
experience.) The technology that connects them also separates them. Example:
as Violet slips away, all Titus can do to cope is order pants and more pants
obsessively.
“Maybe, Violet if we check out some of the great bargains available to you through
the feednet over the next six months, we might be able to create a consumer
portrait of you that would interest our investment team.” - Nina from Feed Tech
Feed (2012)
“[T]he main tension is whether achieving a sense of self is even possible when
being connected, both biologically and virtually, to so many outside stimuli mean
being constantly influenced and having our choices made for us” (Hervey, 2018, p.
28).
“Anderson actually refuses to cordon youth off as the ‘dumbest generation’; both
Titus and his father are intellectually stunted by the feed, and all culture is
presented as both hyperstimulated and vapid” (Bell, 2020).
Lifelike Trilogy (2018, 2019, 2020)
In the aftermath of a devastating war, Eve Carpenter lives with her grandfather in what is left of
California, a place known as Dregs. Two corporations vie for control: one specializes in cybernetic
and robotic technologies, the other specializes in genetic engineering. Eve pilots machina in
WarDome fights that pit machines against each other. During one fight, she takes down a logika
by just looking at it. As she flees from a cult that sees this ability as deviant, she sees a plane
crash and discovers that the pilot is not a human, but a lifelike - an A.I. being made to be just like a
human, except faster and stronger. Lifelikes were banned years ago after they led an uprising that
killed their creator and his family. What is this lifelike doing in Dregs?
Lifelike Trilogy (2018, 2019, 2020)
Kristoff’s series asks what might happen if artificial intelligence designed to be better than humans
rebels against their makers. The lifelikes are supposed to be bound by Asimov’s Three Laws of
Robotics, but when they are not bound by the Three Laws, they turn to Milton’s Paradise Lost to
justify their uprising. The lifelikes see themselves as the next stage of human evolution.
Scythe Trilogy (2016, 2018, 2019)
The Thunderhead, the A.I. that runs the world, is a benevolent presence. The
scythedom, which is run entirely by humans without Thunderhead intervention,
has corruption problems.
Scythe’s power to kill: “Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts
absolutely.” - Lord John Dalberg-Acton
“However, the sycthedom is not bound by my laws, or my sense of ethical
propriety. Which means that I must endure any abomination that it inflicts upon
the world.” - the Thunderhead
Scythe Trilogy (2016, 2018, 2019)
The Thunderhead manages to find loopholes around the laws governing its
behavior in order to influence events that it cannot directly intervene in.
Many seem to follow the Thunderhead’s guidance without question or accept what
the Thunderhead says and does is what is for the best. How do humans make
choices and act on their own agency, and how does A.I. shape human behavior?
Warcross (2017) and Wildcard (2018)
Everyone uses NeuroLink glasses, which provides virtual reality and
augmented reality. Emika is a bounty hunter and hacker who ends up in
the big Warcross tournament. The game’s creator, Hideo, hires Emika to
go after someone planning to disrupt the tournament. Turns out someone
seeks to use the NeuroLink to control people so they cannot commit a
crime.
“You’re taking away something that makes us fundamentally human!” -
Emika
Rebelwing (2020)
Prudence Wu is a prep school student in what was Washington, D.C., one of the
few oasis of democracy in a continent taken over by a heartless corporate
conglomerate. She unexpectedly finds herself the chosen pilot of a cybernetic
dragon powered by sentient A.I. that can win the war against the corporate
conglomerate. A story about the power of connection over brutality.
“Wars are nothing more than a means to sell a product. And I sold.” - weapons
dealer
Girl of Flesh and Metal Trilogy (2020, 2021)
Lena Hayes is the daughter of the leaders of CyberCorp. When Lena loses her
arm in a car accident, she gets a cybernetic arm from CyberCorp. She hates the
idea of the new arm and its artificial intelligence. She hates it even more when the
children of CyberCorp employees start turning up dead. Lena knows that she was
sleepwalking at the time of the murders. Did she commit these horrible killings?
This series is a hybrid of science fiction and mystery. Lena is skeptical of
technology, yet finds herself with a cybernetic arm. She has serious doubts about
the new androids her parents’ company is about to sell, and those doubts may be
well founded.
Hard Wired (2020)
Quinn is a fifteen year old boy who mourns the loss of his father. Then Quinn is
told that he isn’t a boy, but rather an artificial intelligence. The man he believed
was his father is really a university professor running the experiment that is Quinn.
Quinn sets out to determine if he can run his own life, without his father.
Quinn wonders who he is and how he can connect with others. He tries to make
friends with other computers as well as humans. He sues his father for the
chance to make his own decisions. Vlahos’s novel asks if A.I. robots should have
rights.
Teaching Applications
● Examine issues of privacy online, especially data collected to run A.I.
that targets advertising to us. Example: Apple latest iOS update lets
users turn off the ability of apps to track them, much to Facebook’s
dismay.
● What data do the websites and apps we use collect? How is that data
used? Read the privacy policy for a website or app - really read
through the entire document. Get your data from Google, Facebook,
or Twitter. See what they have and how they can use it.
Teaching Applications
● How will AI affect how we buy things, our health care, our jobs?
● PBS’s Frontline documentary “In the Age of AI” (November 5, 2019)
● W. Kamau Bell’s United Shades of America episode “Black to the
Future” (May 9, 2021) which discusses techno-racism
Teaching Applications
● Discuss use of AI in schools:
○ “Schools Are Deploying Massive Digital Surveillance Systems.
The Results Are Alarming” - Education Week, May 30, 2019
○ “District's Plan to Use Facial Recognition Tech for Safety Raises
Big Privacy Concerns” - Education Week, May 30, 2019
Questions?
● Email: amy.piotrowski@usu.edu
● Twitter: @piotrowskiamy
● Website: amypiotrowski.com

More Related Content

What's hot

Privacy reconsidered
Privacy reconsideredPrivacy reconsidered
Privacy reconsideredBrian Rowe
 
Slaughtering Sacred Cows
Slaughtering Sacred CowsSlaughtering Sacred Cows
Slaughtering Sacred CowsTony Smith
 
The new dangers of the mobile world
The new dangers of the mobile worldThe new dangers of the mobile world
The new dangers of the mobile worldMark Tremblay
 
Philanthropy spotlight thorn peter palivos _ philanthropy
Philanthropy spotlight  thorn   peter palivos _ philanthropyPhilanthropy spotlight  thorn   peter palivos _ philanthropy
Philanthropy spotlight thorn peter palivos _ philanthropyPeter Palivos
 
Technology and the End Times
Technology and the End TimesTechnology and the End Times
Technology and the End TimesCybermissions
 
2600 v21 n3 (autumn 2004)
2600 v21 n3 (autumn 2004)2600 v21 n3 (autumn 2004)
2600 v21 n3 (autumn 2004)Felipe Prado
 
goviral Cannes 2012, Generation Social
goviral Cannes 2012, Generation Social goviral Cannes 2012, Generation Social
goviral Cannes 2012, Generation Social Mads Holmen
 
Technological Revolutions and Cultural Revolutions: OSCON 2014
Technological Revolutions and Cultural Revolutions: OSCON 2014Technological Revolutions and Cultural Revolutions: OSCON 2014
Technological Revolutions and Cultural Revolutions: OSCON 2014Tim O'Reilly
 
Our Everyday Tools for Success
Our Everyday Tools for SuccessOur Everyday Tools for Success
Our Everyday Tools for SuccessJudy O'Connell
 
You Don't Need Bandwidth To Be Awesome
You Don't Need Bandwidth To Be AwesomeYou Don't Need Bandwidth To Be Awesome
You Don't Need Bandwidth To Be AwesomeAndy Hadfield
 
Civil Resistance 2.0: 198 Methods Upgraded
Civil Resistance 2.0: 198 Methods UpgradedCivil Resistance 2.0: 198 Methods Upgraded
Civil Resistance 2.0: 198 Methods UpgradedMer Joyce
 
Future Kids. Future Customers.
Future Kids. Future Customers.Future Kids. Future Customers.
Future Kids. Future Customers.Andy Hadfield
 
How to protect yourself in e world?
How to protect yourself in e world? How to protect yourself in e world?
How to protect yourself in e world? Dipak Parmar
 

What's hot (20)

Privacy reconsidered
Privacy reconsideredPrivacy reconsidered
Privacy reconsidered
 
Slaughtering Sacred Cows
Slaughtering Sacred CowsSlaughtering Sacred Cows
Slaughtering Sacred Cows
 
The new dangers of the mobile world
The new dangers of the mobile worldThe new dangers of the mobile world
The new dangers of the mobile world
 
Philanthropy spotlight thorn peter palivos _ philanthropy
Philanthropy spotlight  thorn   peter palivos _ philanthropyPhilanthropy spotlight  thorn   peter palivos _ philanthropy
Philanthropy spotlight thorn peter palivos _ philanthropy
 
Internet Safety
Internet SafetyInternet Safety
Internet Safety
 
It\'s Your Move
It\'s Your MoveIt\'s Your Move
It\'s Your Move
 
Technology and the End Times
Technology and the End TimesTechnology and the End Times
Technology and the End Times
 
2600 v21 n3 (autumn 2004)
2600 v21 n3 (autumn 2004)2600 v21 n3 (autumn 2004)
2600 v21 n3 (autumn 2004)
 
goviral Cannes 2012, Generation Social
goviral Cannes 2012, Generation Social goviral Cannes 2012, Generation Social
goviral Cannes 2012, Generation Social
 
Corporations as people
Corporations as peopleCorporations as people
Corporations as people
 
Children of the Future
Children of the FutureChildren of the Future
Children of the Future
 
Technological Revolutions and Cultural Revolutions: OSCON 2014
Technological Revolutions and Cultural Revolutions: OSCON 2014Technological Revolutions and Cultural Revolutions: OSCON 2014
Technological Revolutions and Cultural Revolutions: OSCON 2014
 
Our Everyday Tools for Success
Our Everyday Tools for SuccessOur Everyday Tools for Success
Our Everyday Tools for Success
 
The State of the Union: Highlights
The State of the Union: HighlightsThe State of the Union: Highlights
The State of the Union: Highlights
 
You Don't Need Bandwidth To Be Awesome
You Don't Need Bandwidth To Be AwesomeYou Don't Need Bandwidth To Be Awesome
You Don't Need Bandwidth To Be Awesome
 
Litmus: Gender On The Net
Litmus: Gender On The NetLitmus: Gender On The Net
Litmus: Gender On The Net
 
DOPA presentation
DOPA presentationDOPA presentation
DOPA presentation
 
Civil Resistance 2.0: 198 Methods Upgraded
Civil Resistance 2.0: 198 Methods UpgradedCivil Resistance 2.0: 198 Methods Upgraded
Civil Resistance 2.0: 198 Methods Upgraded
 
Future Kids. Future Customers.
Future Kids. Future Customers.Future Kids. Future Customers.
Future Kids. Future Customers.
 
How to protect yourself in e world?
How to protect yourself in e world? How to protect yourself in e world?
How to protect yourself in e world?
 

Similar to Sci Fi YAL Presentation

NCTE 2022 YA Sci Fi Presentation.pptx
NCTE 2022 YA Sci Fi Presentation.pptxNCTE 2022 YA Sci Fi Presentation.pptx
NCTE 2022 YA Sci Fi Presentation.pptxamypiotrowski
 
Ethics within the_code_the_machine_the_o
Ethics within the_code_the_machine_the_oEthics within the_code_the_machine_the_o
Ethics within the_code_the_machine_the_oPayson Johnston
 
21 Lessons from the 21st Century Aakash Ahmad
21 Lessons from the 21st Century Aakash Ahmad21 Lessons from the 21st Century Aakash Ahmad
21 Lessons from the 21st Century Aakash AhmadAkashEhmed
 
AI Presentation Y65 Class Dinner
AI Presentation Y65 Class DinnerAI Presentation Y65 Class Dinner
AI Presentation Y65 Class DinnerJean McKillop
 
Iot comic book | business edition
Iot comic book | business editionIot comic book | business edition
Iot comic book | business editionSebastiano Musica
 
What is the ultimate goal of artificial intelligence yogesh malik
What is the ultimate goal of artificial intelligence yogesh malikWhat is the ultimate goal of artificial intelligence yogesh malik
What is the ultimate goal of artificial intelligence yogesh malikYogesh Malik
 
Privacy with Internet
Privacy with InternetPrivacy with Internet
Privacy with InternetMathias Klang
 
Building the Brain 2017-05-02.pptx
Building the Brain 2017-05-02.pptxBuilding the Brain 2017-05-02.pptx
Building the Brain 2017-05-02.pptxpercobaanakun3
 
Millennials for MCAE 2009
Millennials for MCAE 2009Millennials for MCAE 2009
Millennials for MCAE 2009Barry Dahl
 
Omega Psi Phi International High School Essay Contest
Omega Psi Phi International High School Essay ContestOmega Psi Phi International High School Essay Contest
Omega Psi Phi International High School Essay ContestEmily Garcia
 
Artificial Stupidity And The End Of Men
Artificial Stupidity And The End Of MenArtificial Stupidity And The End Of Men
Artificial Stupidity And The End Of MenClaire Webber
 

Similar to Sci Fi YAL Presentation (12)

Your A List of Books about AI and Ethics by Caroline Chavier
Your A List of Books about AI and Ethics by Caroline ChavierYour A List of Books about AI and Ethics by Caroline Chavier
Your A List of Books about AI and Ethics by Caroline Chavier
 
NCTE 2022 YA Sci Fi Presentation.pptx
NCTE 2022 YA Sci Fi Presentation.pptxNCTE 2022 YA Sci Fi Presentation.pptx
NCTE 2022 YA Sci Fi Presentation.pptx
 
Ethics within the_code_the_machine_the_o
Ethics within the_code_the_machine_the_oEthics within the_code_the_machine_the_o
Ethics within the_code_the_machine_the_o
 
21 Lessons from the 21st Century Aakash Ahmad
21 Lessons from the 21st Century Aakash Ahmad21 Lessons from the 21st Century Aakash Ahmad
21 Lessons from the 21st Century Aakash Ahmad
 
AI Presentation Y65 Class Dinner
AI Presentation Y65 Class DinnerAI Presentation Y65 Class Dinner
AI Presentation Y65 Class Dinner
 
Iot comic book | business edition
Iot comic book | business editionIot comic book | business edition
Iot comic book | business edition
 
What is the ultimate goal of artificial intelligence yogesh malik
What is the ultimate goal of artificial intelligence yogesh malikWhat is the ultimate goal of artificial intelligence yogesh malik
What is the ultimate goal of artificial intelligence yogesh malik
 
Privacy with Internet
Privacy with InternetPrivacy with Internet
Privacy with Internet
 
Building the Brain 2017-05-02.pptx
Building the Brain 2017-05-02.pptxBuilding the Brain 2017-05-02.pptx
Building the Brain 2017-05-02.pptx
 
Millennials for MCAE 2009
Millennials for MCAE 2009Millennials for MCAE 2009
Millennials for MCAE 2009
 
Omega Psi Phi International High School Essay Contest
Omega Psi Phi International High School Essay ContestOmega Psi Phi International High School Essay Contest
Omega Psi Phi International High School Essay Contest
 
Artificial Stupidity And The End Of Men
Artificial Stupidity And The End Of MenArtificial Stupidity And The End Of Men
Artificial Stupidity And The End Of Men
 

Recently uploaded

SURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project researchSURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project researchCaitlinCummins3
 
PS-Policies-on-Enrolment-Transfer-of-Docs-Checking-of-School-Forms-and-SF10-a...
PS-Policies-on-Enrolment-Transfer-of-Docs-Checking-of-School-Forms-and-SF10-a...PS-Policies-on-Enrolment-Transfer-of-Docs-Checking-of-School-Forms-and-SF10-a...
PS-Policies-on-Enrolment-Transfer-of-Docs-Checking-of-School-Forms-and-SF10-a...nhezmainit1
 
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdfFICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdfPondicherry University
 
male presentation...pdf.................
male presentation...pdf.................male presentation...pdf.................
male presentation...pdf.................MirzaAbrarBaig5
 
UGC NET Paper 1 Unit 7 DATA INTERPRETATION.pdf
UGC NET Paper 1 Unit 7 DATA INTERPRETATION.pdfUGC NET Paper 1 Unit 7 DATA INTERPRETATION.pdf
UGC NET Paper 1 Unit 7 DATA INTERPRETATION.pdfNirmal Dwivedi
 
Personalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes Guàrdia
Personalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes GuàrdiaPersonalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes Guàrdia
Personalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes GuàrdiaEADTU
 
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopale-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi RajagopalEADTU
 
Analyzing and resolving a communication crisis in Dhaka textiles LTD.pptx
Analyzing and resolving a communication crisis in Dhaka textiles LTD.pptxAnalyzing and resolving a communication crisis in Dhaka textiles LTD.pptx
Analyzing and resolving a communication crisis in Dhaka textiles LTD.pptxLimon Prince
 
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.pptAIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.pptNishitharanjan Rout
 
COMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptx
COMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptxCOMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptx
COMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptxannathomasp01
 
Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...
Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...
Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...EduSkills OECD
 
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024Borja Sotomayor
 
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
SPLICE Working Group: Reusable Code Examples
SPLICE Working Group:Reusable Code ExamplesSPLICE Working Group:Reusable Code Examples
SPLICE Working Group: Reusable Code ExamplesPeter Brusilovsky
 
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptx
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptxHow to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptx
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptxCeline George
 
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & SystemsOSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & SystemsSandeep D Chaudhary
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Named Entity Recognition"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Named Entity Recognition"Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Named Entity Recognition"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Named Entity Recognition"
 
SURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project researchSURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project research
 
VAMOS CUIDAR DO NOSSO PLANETA! .
VAMOS CUIDAR DO NOSSO PLANETA!                    .VAMOS CUIDAR DO NOSSO PLANETA!                    .
VAMOS CUIDAR DO NOSSO PLANETA! .
 
PS-Policies-on-Enrolment-Transfer-of-Docs-Checking-of-School-Forms-and-SF10-a...
PS-Policies-on-Enrolment-Transfer-of-Docs-Checking-of-School-Forms-and-SF10-a...PS-Policies-on-Enrolment-Transfer-of-Docs-Checking-of-School-Forms-and-SF10-a...
PS-Policies-on-Enrolment-Transfer-of-Docs-Checking-of-School-Forms-and-SF10-a...
 
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdfFICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
 
male presentation...pdf.................
male presentation...pdf.................male presentation...pdf.................
male presentation...pdf.................
 
UGC NET Paper 1 Unit 7 DATA INTERPRETATION.pdf
UGC NET Paper 1 Unit 7 DATA INTERPRETATION.pdfUGC NET Paper 1 Unit 7 DATA INTERPRETATION.pdf
UGC NET Paper 1 Unit 7 DATA INTERPRETATION.pdf
 
Personalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes Guàrdia
Personalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes GuàrdiaPersonalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes Guàrdia
Personalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes Guàrdia
 
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopale-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
 
Analyzing and resolving a communication crisis in Dhaka textiles LTD.pptx
Analyzing and resolving a communication crisis in Dhaka textiles LTD.pptxAnalyzing and resolving a communication crisis in Dhaka textiles LTD.pptx
Analyzing and resolving a communication crisis in Dhaka textiles LTD.pptx
 
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.pptAIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
 
COMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptx
COMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptxCOMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptx
COMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptx
 
Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...
Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...
Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...
 
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024
UChicago CMSC 23320 - The Best Commit Messages of 2024
 
Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"
Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"
Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"
 
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
 
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdfIncluding Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
 
SPLICE Working Group: Reusable Code Examples
SPLICE Working Group:Reusable Code ExamplesSPLICE Working Group:Reusable Code Examples
SPLICE Working Group: Reusable Code Examples
 
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptx
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptxHow to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptx
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptx
 
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & SystemsOSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
 

Sci Fi YAL Presentation

  • 1. Being Human and Working Towards Justice in the Digital Age Through the Study and Teaching of Young Adult Literature Amy Piotrowski, Ph.D. Assistant Professor, Utah State University Twitter: @piotrowskiamy Website: amypiotrowski.com
  • 2. The Issue NCTE’s Definition of Literacy in a Digital Age (2019) calls on teachers to have students: ● “Participate effectively and critically in a networked world” ● “Examine the rights, responsibilities, and ethical implications of the use and creation of information”
  • 3. The Issue One way to think about ethics and responsibilities is through science fiction, a genre that is “a literature of possibilities and alternatives.” (Mendlesohn)
  • 4. The Issue What does it mean to be human in a world of the Internet, artificial intelligence, virtual reality, social media, smart devices, and data collection many places we go offline and online?
  • 5. The Issue “Books that provide fictional representations of a future that involves technological advancement play a unique role in introducing children to issues that are relevant to scientific and technological progress, as in the moral and ethical implications of such developments” (Flanagan, Tech and Identity in YAL, 2014, p. 6)
  • 6. The Issue “Literature possess the power to imagine a future and, in so doing, engage readers in questions of ethics in otherwise unthought-of scenarios. Through reading and critical discussion, English teachers offer students emotional and social questions, enabling them - we hope - to face their future dilemmas with intelligence, empathy, and autonomy” (Lindblom, Rivera, & Radice, 2020)
  • 7. The Issue Posthumanism examines technology’s impact on humanity and society, from Haraway (1985) and Hayles (1999), in which the boundaries between the human and the technological are blurred, to recent work examining depictions of technology in YAL (Flannagan, 2014; Hervey 2018)
  • 8. The Issue Flanagan discusses how in posthumanism agency is “collective and networked instead of being based purely on individualism” (2014, p. 5). So, how do we act ethically when agency is “collective and networked” online?
  • 9. The Novels YA science fiction provides readers with a look at the ethics of Internet technologies, online spaces, and artificial intelligence. These texts demonstrate how technologies aren’t neutral, reflect the biases of the people who make them, and come with ethical issues.
  • 13. Feed (2012) Titus and friends have the connective capabilities of the Feed, but the way the Feed works is designed to distract them. (Flanagan points out how the first person narration brings the reader into Titus’s “fragmented” and interrupted lived experience.) The technology that connects them also separates them. Example: as Violet slips away, all Titus can do to cope is order pants and more pants obsessively. “Maybe, Violet if we check out some of the great bargains available to you through the feednet over the next six months, we might be able to create a consumer portrait of you that would interest our investment team.” - Nina from Feed Tech
  • 14. Feed (2012) “[T]he main tension is whether achieving a sense of self is even possible when being connected, both biologically and virtually, to so many outside stimuli mean being constantly influenced and having our choices made for us” (Hervey, 2018, p. 28). “Anderson actually refuses to cordon youth off as the ‘dumbest generation’; both Titus and his father are intellectually stunted by the feed, and all culture is presented as both hyperstimulated and vapid” (Bell, 2020).
  • 15. Lifelike Trilogy (2018, 2019, 2020) In the aftermath of a devastating war, Eve Carpenter lives with her grandfather in what is left of California, a place known as Dregs. Two corporations vie for control: one specializes in cybernetic and robotic technologies, the other specializes in genetic engineering. Eve pilots machina in WarDome fights that pit machines against each other. During one fight, she takes down a logika by just looking at it. As she flees from a cult that sees this ability as deviant, she sees a plane crash and discovers that the pilot is not a human, but a lifelike - an A.I. being made to be just like a human, except faster and stronger. Lifelikes were banned years ago after they led an uprising that killed their creator and his family. What is this lifelike doing in Dregs?
  • 16. Lifelike Trilogy (2018, 2019, 2020) Kristoff’s series asks what might happen if artificial intelligence designed to be better than humans rebels against their makers. The lifelikes are supposed to be bound by Asimov’s Three Laws of Robotics, but when they are not bound by the Three Laws, they turn to Milton’s Paradise Lost to justify their uprising. The lifelikes see themselves as the next stage of human evolution.
  • 17. Scythe Trilogy (2016, 2018, 2019) The Thunderhead, the A.I. that runs the world, is a benevolent presence. The scythedom, which is run entirely by humans without Thunderhead intervention, has corruption problems. Scythe’s power to kill: “Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely.” - Lord John Dalberg-Acton “However, the sycthedom is not bound by my laws, or my sense of ethical propriety. Which means that I must endure any abomination that it inflicts upon the world.” - the Thunderhead
  • 18. Scythe Trilogy (2016, 2018, 2019) The Thunderhead manages to find loopholes around the laws governing its behavior in order to influence events that it cannot directly intervene in. Many seem to follow the Thunderhead’s guidance without question or accept what the Thunderhead says and does is what is for the best. How do humans make choices and act on their own agency, and how does A.I. shape human behavior?
  • 19. Warcross (2017) and Wildcard (2018) Everyone uses NeuroLink glasses, which provides virtual reality and augmented reality. Emika is a bounty hunter and hacker who ends up in the big Warcross tournament. The game’s creator, Hideo, hires Emika to go after someone planning to disrupt the tournament. Turns out someone seeks to use the NeuroLink to control people so they cannot commit a crime. “You’re taking away something that makes us fundamentally human!” - Emika
  • 20. Rebelwing (2020) Prudence Wu is a prep school student in what was Washington, D.C., one of the few oasis of democracy in a continent taken over by a heartless corporate conglomerate. She unexpectedly finds herself the chosen pilot of a cybernetic dragon powered by sentient A.I. that can win the war against the corporate conglomerate. A story about the power of connection over brutality. “Wars are nothing more than a means to sell a product. And I sold.” - weapons dealer
  • 21. Girl of Flesh and Metal Trilogy (2020, 2021) Lena Hayes is the daughter of the leaders of CyberCorp. When Lena loses her arm in a car accident, she gets a cybernetic arm from CyberCorp. She hates the idea of the new arm and its artificial intelligence. She hates it even more when the children of CyberCorp employees start turning up dead. Lena knows that she was sleepwalking at the time of the murders. Did she commit these horrible killings? This series is a hybrid of science fiction and mystery. Lena is skeptical of technology, yet finds herself with a cybernetic arm. She has serious doubts about the new androids her parents’ company is about to sell, and those doubts may be well founded.
  • 22. Hard Wired (2020) Quinn is a fifteen year old boy who mourns the loss of his father. Then Quinn is told that he isn’t a boy, but rather an artificial intelligence. The man he believed was his father is really a university professor running the experiment that is Quinn. Quinn sets out to determine if he can run his own life, without his father. Quinn wonders who he is and how he can connect with others. He tries to make friends with other computers as well as humans. He sues his father for the chance to make his own decisions. Vlahos’s novel asks if A.I. robots should have rights.
  • 23. Teaching Applications ● Examine issues of privacy online, especially data collected to run A.I. that targets advertising to us. Example: Apple latest iOS update lets users turn off the ability of apps to track them, much to Facebook’s dismay. ● What data do the websites and apps we use collect? How is that data used? Read the privacy policy for a website or app - really read through the entire document. Get your data from Google, Facebook, or Twitter. See what they have and how they can use it.
  • 24. Teaching Applications ● How will AI affect how we buy things, our health care, our jobs? ● PBS’s Frontline documentary “In the Age of AI” (November 5, 2019) ● W. Kamau Bell’s United Shades of America episode “Black to the Future” (May 9, 2021) which discusses techno-racism
  • 25. Teaching Applications ● Discuss use of AI in schools: ○ “Schools Are Deploying Massive Digital Surveillance Systems. The Results Are Alarming” - Education Week, May 30, 2019 ○ “District's Plan to Use Facial Recognition Tech for Safety Raises Big Privacy Concerns” - Education Week, May 30, 2019
  • 26. Questions? ● Email: amy.piotrowski@usu.edu ● Twitter: @piotrowskiamy ● Website: amypiotrowski.com