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Catalyzing Agroforestry in
the Farm Bill
Recommendations for Resilient Agriculture
Who we are
Championing carbon removal
● Agricultural producers are facing increasing pressures due to extreme weather and pressure on natural
resource conservation — all amplified by climate change and excess carbon in the atmosphere..
● We’ll need to drastically reduce emissions AND we’ll need diverse carbon removal solutions to clean up a
century’s worth of legacy carbon in the atmosphere.
● We work to bridge the gap between the carbon removal and agricultural fields: centering producer voices
and ensuring that soil carbon removal policies are developed with producers in mind.
Intro: What is agroforestry?
Defining agroforestry
USDA defines agroforestry as the intentional
integration of trees and shrubs into crop and
livestock agricultural operations.
Agroforestry is an umbrella term that
encompasses many diverse, perennial
practices, including these core 5 practices.
Agroforestry rises to the top for its high
potential to remove and store carbon from
the atmosphere. Carbon is stored both above
and belowground, and trees stay on the
landscape long-term.
Agroforestry systems are deeply informed by
Indigenous worldviews, cultural practice, and
TEK. Indigenous communities have developed
and honed these practices for millenia across
diverse North American landscapes.
Intro: What is agroforestry?
Rooted in Traditional Ecological
Knowledge (TEK)
$20M
$M
$10M
We work with policymakers, entrepreneurs,
and peer organizations across the US to
design policies that will bring necessary
carbon removal solutions to gigaton scale.
We are a coalition of agroforestry leaders and
practitioners working across sectors to
dramatically increase the number of people
growing food in diverse, tree-based farming
systems in the United States.
We work with farmers and scientists to
conduct research, education, and
outreach efforts to support widespread
agroforestry adoption in the Midwest US.
The joint effort
A collaborative agroforestry policy paper
Catalyzing Agroforestry in the Farm Bill
Our findings
What is agroforestry?
Benefits
Policy Ideas
Challenges
Section 2: Benefits
Benefits of Agroforestry systems
Economic: higher yield and revenue per acre, high
value crops, new market opportunities
Environmental: protect and restore soil health,
water quality and retention, wildlife habitat
Climate Change: sequester and store carbon more
durably, resilience to extreme weather, more food
on less land
Environmental Justice: cleaner air and water for
rural and urban communities, social benefits of
trees, pathways for land access and localized food
systems
Section 3: Challenges
Challenges to implementing agroforestry at scale
Education & technical
assistance
Lack of incentive
structures
Undeveloped supply
chains & markets
Research gaps
Lack of agroforestry-specific
technical assistance that is
regionalized and culturally
relevant
Lack of demonstration &
education sites
Lack of financial planning
assistance that accounts for
startup costs
Lack of appropriate financial
tools for multi-year and
multi-crop frameworks
Shortage of readily
available seed and
seedlings
Lack of processing facilities
and marketing for
agroforestry products
Lack of, standardized and
long-term agroforestry data
Lack of nursery capacity
and need for germplasm
development
Section 4: Federal Policy Recommendations
Addressing barriers through strategic policy change
Education & technical assistance
● Create a standard, specific, and inclusive definition of “agroforestry” across federal programs
● Create an agroforestry-centered technical assistance program, administered by NRCS, to build
in-house agroforestry expertise at USDA
● Create a third party Technical Service Provider (TSP) program for non-gov’t experts to provide TA for
NRCS program enrollees
● Authorize 3+ new regional agroforestry centers to facilitate regionalized demonstration, knowledge
sharing, and technical assistance
Section 4: Federal Policy Recommendations
Addressing barriers through strategic policy change
Incentive Structures
● CONSERVATION RESERVE PROGRAM (CRP)
○ Create a pilot Agroforestry Initiative to support agroforestry practice adoption, allowing
harvesting and grazing (non-wood) so long as conservation outcomes are maintained
○ Expand the CREP special provision allowing woody food cultivation in riparian buffers to all
agroforestry practices
● ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY INCENTIVES PROGRAM (EQIP)
○ Prioritize silvopasture and management-intensive grazing systems
○ Add agroforestry to eligible approaches under Conservation Innovation Grants (CIGs)
● CONSERVATION STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM (CSP)
○ Make agroforestry and other perennial systems eligible for supplemental payments
○ Establish region-specific agroforestry bundles
Summary
Our conclusions
Category Challenges Key Policy Recommendations
Education & technical
assistance
Lack of specialized agroforestry technical
assistance, demonstration, & education sites
Define agroforestry and build agroforestry expertise
in-house at USDA and across external partners, TSPs.
Incentive structures Lack of financial planning assistance and tools
suited to agroforestry costs & harvest timelines
Expand conservation incentives through targeted
adjustments to CRP, EQIP, and CSP, including a new
CRP Agroforestry Initiative pilot.
Supply chains & markets Shortage of readily available seeds, seedlings,
processing facilities, and product marketing.
Support regional seed & seedling supply chains
through RFA and RNGR, and market development
through LAMP.
Research Lack of standardized, long-term agroforestry
data and strategic germplasm development.
Authorize 3+ new regional agroforestry centers and a
cooperative 5-year National Agroforestry Survey to
build long-term data and demonstration.
Agroforestry is highly regionalized and will require
mobilization at the local & state levels across
producer communities.
STATE & LOCAL MOVEMENTS
Federal policy must continue to ground in the
priorities of producers on the ground, especially
those who are Black, Indigenous, and other Producers
of Color (BIPOC).
FARMER & RANCHER ENGAGEMENT
Opportunities from here
Thank you!
Please reach out with further questions:
maya@carbon180.org

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Scaling Agroforestry in US Agriculture AM

  • 1. Catalyzing Agroforestry in the Farm Bill Recommendations for Resilient Agriculture
  • 2. Who we are Championing carbon removal ● Agricultural producers are facing increasing pressures due to extreme weather and pressure on natural resource conservation — all amplified by climate change and excess carbon in the atmosphere.. ● We’ll need to drastically reduce emissions AND we’ll need diverse carbon removal solutions to clean up a century’s worth of legacy carbon in the atmosphere. ● We work to bridge the gap between the carbon removal and agricultural fields: centering producer voices and ensuring that soil carbon removal policies are developed with producers in mind.
  • 3. Intro: What is agroforestry? Defining agroforestry USDA defines agroforestry as the intentional integration of trees and shrubs into crop and livestock agricultural operations. Agroforestry is an umbrella term that encompasses many diverse, perennial practices, including these core 5 practices. Agroforestry rises to the top for its high potential to remove and store carbon from the atmosphere. Carbon is stored both above and belowground, and trees stay on the landscape long-term.
  • 4. Agroforestry systems are deeply informed by Indigenous worldviews, cultural practice, and TEK. Indigenous communities have developed and honed these practices for millenia across diverse North American landscapes. Intro: What is agroforestry? Rooted in Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK)
  • 5. $20M $M $10M We work with policymakers, entrepreneurs, and peer organizations across the US to design policies that will bring necessary carbon removal solutions to gigaton scale. We are a coalition of agroforestry leaders and practitioners working across sectors to dramatically increase the number of people growing food in diverse, tree-based farming systems in the United States. We work with farmers and scientists to conduct research, education, and outreach efforts to support widespread agroforestry adoption in the Midwest US. The joint effort A collaborative agroforestry policy paper
  • 6. Catalyzing Agroforestry in the Farm Bill Our findings What is agroforestry? Benefits Policy Ideas Challenges
  • 7. Section 2: Benefits Benefits of Agroforestry systems Economic: higher yield and revenue per acre, high value crops, new market opportunities Environmental: protect and restore soil health, water quality and retention, wildlife habitat Climate Change: sequester and store carbon more durably, resilience to extreme weather, more food on less land Environmental Justice: cleaner air and water for rural and urban communities, social benefits of trees, pathways for land access and localized food systems
  • 8. Section 3: Challenges Challenges to implementing agroforestry at scale Education & technical assistance Lack of incentive structures Undeveloped supply chains & markets Research gaps Lack of agroforestry-specific technical assistance that is regionalized and culturally relevant Lack of demonstration & education sites Lack of financial planning assistance that accounts for startup costs Lack of appropriate financial tools for multi-year and multi-crop frameworks Shortage of readily available seed and seedlings Lack of processing facilities and marketing for agroforestry products Lack of, standardized and long-term agroforestry data Lack of nursery capacity and need for germplasm development
  • 9. Section 4: Federal Policy Recommendations Addressing barriers through strategic policy change Education & technical assistance ● Create a standard, specific, and inclusive definition of “agroforestry” across federal programs ● Create an agroforestry-centered technical assistance program, administered by NRCS, to build in-house agroforestry expertise at USDA ● Create a third party Technical Service Provider (TSP) program for non-gov’t experts to provide TA for NRCS program enrollees ● Authorize 3+ new regional agroforestry centers to facilitate regionalized demonstration, knowledge sharing, and technical assistance
  • 10. Section 4: Federal Policy Recommendations Addressing barriers through strategic policy change Incentive Structures ● CONSERVATION RESERVE PROGRAM (CRP) ○ Create a pilot Agroforestry Initiative to support agroforestry practice adoption, allowing harvesting and grazing (non-wood) so long as conservation outcomes are maintained ○ Expand the CREP special provision allowing woody food cultivation in riparian buffers to all agroforestry practices ● ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY INCENTIVES PROGRAM (EQIP) ○ Prioritize silvopasture and management-intensive grazing systems ○ Add agroforestry to eligible approaches under Conservation Innovation Grants (CIGs) ● CONSERVATION STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM (CSP) ○ Make agroforestry and other perennial systems eligible for supplemental payments ○ Establish region-specific agroforestry bundles
  • 11. Summary Our conclusions Category Challenges Key Policy Recommendations Education & technical assistance Lack of specialized agroforestry technical assistance, demonstration, & education sites Define agroforestry and build agroforestry expertise in-house at USDA and across external partners, TSPs. Incentive structures Lack of financial planning assistance and tools suited to agroforestry costs & harvest timelines Expand conservation incentives through targeted adjustments to CRP, EQIP, and CSP, including a new CRP Agroforestry Initiative pilot. Supply chains & markets Shortage of readily available seeds, seedlings, processing facilities, and product marketing. Support regional seed & seedling supply chains through RFA and RNGR, and market development through LAMP. Research Lack of standardized, long-term agroforestry data and strategic germplasm development. Authorize 3+ new regional agroforestry centers and a cooperative 5-year National Agroforestry Survey to build long-term data and demonstration.
  • 12. Agroforestry is highly regionalized and will require mobilization at the local & state levels across producer communities. STATE & LOCAL MOVEMENTS Federal policy must continue to ground in the priorities of producers on the ground, especially those who are Black, Indigenous, and other Producers of Color (BIPOC). FARMER & RANCHER ENGAGEMENT Opportunities from here
  • 13. Thank you! Please reach out with further questions: maya@carbon180.org