SlideShare a Scribd company logo
SC2220: Gender Studies Biology, Sex & Gender (The Sex/Gender Distinction) Dr. Eric C. Thompson
Key Points ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
1. Human Sexual Reproduction and Gender
What is so good about Sex? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Asexual Reproduction (Example: Hydra) (Note: This Hydra, a Mythical Greek Beast, is not what I’m talking about!) Hydra grow “buds” that drop off, grow large, and grow their own buds. Hydra are  biologically immortal  (they don’t age!). Hydra are small creatures that live in water.
Sexual Reproduction (1): Sequential and Simultaneous Hermaphrodites Clown Fish: Male to Female Sex Change (Nemo’s deep dark secret?) Wrasse: Female to Male Sex Change Hamlet Fish: Simultaneous Hermaphrodites (Take turns during extended, multiple mating sessions, lasting several days) Banana Slug: Simultaneous Prefers to mate with partner, but self-fertilizes if necessary.
Sexual Reproduction(2): Heterosexuals Homo sapiens sapiens Hoverflies Rabbits
Human Heterosexuality shapes Gender ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
But Biology Does Not  Determine  Gender. ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
The Sex / Gender Distinction ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Male, Female, Other, Don’t Know? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],*For technical reasons, becoming female is considered the ‘normal’ developmental sequence; and “masculinization” is a deviation.
Human Hermaphrodites “Intersexed” Individuals ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],The Reclining Hermaphrodite 1 st  century BCE sculpture See the Short Film XXXY: Intersex Genital Mutilation
2. Biology, Gender and Cultural Myth-making
Heterosexed Individuals ,[object Object],[object Object]
Why are we obsessed with Biological Sex Differences? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
“ Sexing the Brain”* ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],*See Fausto-Sterling,  Sexing the Body  (2000) Chapter 5 (This is among the supplementary readings)
Ok, so there is a lot of misleading of scientific information,  BUT  men and women are still different in many ways,  on average , right? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],ABSOLUTELY TRUE! But, what does “ average”  mean? Is everyone pretty much average?
Problem with Averages ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],“ Even when scientists themselves are cautious… popular renditions of new scientific findings dispense with linguistic subtlety” (Fausto-Sterling pg.236)
FEMALES MALES 80% 20% 80% In US Army physical tests: top 20% of women had the same average as bottom 20% for men. (These statistics then get used both  for  and  against  women in the military) How big is the difference? Example of a test of physical ability; emphasizing upper body strength.*
How much can  you  lift? Udomporn Polsak (Female, Thailand, Height 150 cm, Weight 53 kg): Lifted 125 kg* Tang Gonghong (Female, China, Height 172 cm, Weight 120 kg): Lifted 182.5 kg Halil Mutlu (Male, Turkey, Height 150 cm, Weight 56 kg): Lifted 160 kg Hossein Reza Zadeh (Male, Iran, Height 185 cm, Weight 160 kg): Lifted 262.5 kg *All results for “Clean & Jerk” 2004 Olympics
“ Strong Masculine Bodies” ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Turning Averages into Absolutes ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],In almost every case, the abilities of woman and men overlap.
3. Sex Differences that Matter in (Some) Social Contexts *Sexual Dimorphism *Reproductive Strategies *Sexual Competition *Hormones
Sexual Dimorphism ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Reproductive Strategies ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Sexual Competition ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Some Consequences of Reproductive Strategies ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Testosterone (Hormone) Theory ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
A Few Facts about Testosterone ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Social Effects of Testosterone ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Beyond Testosterone ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Biological Differences Matter. But  Myths Matter More . Biology is not destiny. Gender is a process we live and a project we construct every day of our lives.

More Related Content

What's hot

06 cultural anthropology
06 cultural anthropology06 cultural anthropology
06 cultural anthropology
Bob Patton, M.D., D.D.
 
κοινωνικη διαστρωματωση
κοινωνικη διαστρωματωσηκοινωνικη διαστρωματωση
κοινωνικη διαστρωματωσηstelmanta
 
Social mobility
Social mobilitySocial mobility
Social mobility
Awais Saleem
 
Gender role stereotyping
Gender role stereotypingGender role stereotyping
Gender role stereotyping
MrsVita
 
Gender Role
Gender RoleGender Role
functions of culture
functions of culturefunctions of culture
functions of culture
pea school
 
Social structure
Social structureSocial structure
Social structure
Eric Strayer
 
Lecture 11 - Sex and Gender
Lecture 11 -  Sex and GenderLecture 11 -  Sex and Gender
Lecture 11 - Sex and Gender
Bakersfield College
 
Presentation 3 (social roles)
Presentation 3 (social roles)Presentation 3 (social roles)
Presentation 3 (social roles)
cocolatto
 
Gender sensitivity in leadership
Gender sensitivity in leadershipGender sensitivity in leadership
Gender sensitivity in leadership
Marites BALOT
 
Social mobility dr rahul
Social mobility dr rahulSocial mobility dr rahul
Social mobility dr rahul
Drrahul Shrivastava
 
Αρμοδιότητες Προέδρου της Δημοκρατίας
Αρμοδιότητες Προέδρου της ΔημοκρατίαςΑρμοδιότητες Προέδρου της Δημοκρατίας
Αρμοδιότητες Προέδρου της Δημοκρατίας
mkazakou
 
Social sciences
Social sciencesSocial sciences
Social sciences
Abhijeet Kulkarni
 
GENDER STEREOTYPES
GENDER STEREOTYPESGENDER STEREOTYPES
Gender stereotypes
Gender stereotypesGender stereotypes
Gender stereotypes
Kim B
 
human skills - men vs women, communication
human skills - men vs women, communicationhuman skills - men vs women, communication
human skills - men vs women, communication
vivek shah
 
Gender training workshop for iita 2 gender concepts
Gender training workshop for iita 2   gender conceptsGender training workshop for iita 2   gender concepts
Gender training workshop for iita 2 gender concepts
International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
 
Αξιοκρατία
ΑξιοκρατίαΑξιοκρατία
Αξιοκρατία
chavalesnick
 
Anthropological Theories and Theoretical Orientations
Anthropological Theories and Theoretical OrientationsAnthropological Theories and Theoretical Orientations
Anthropological Theories and Theoretical Orientations
Brax Reantillo
 
Chapter 9 Social Stratification (Introduction of Sociology and Anthropology)
Chapter 9 Social Stratification (Introduction of Sociology and Anthropology)Chapter 9 Social Stratification (Introduction of Sociology and Anthropology)
Chapter 9 Social Stratification (Introduction of Sociology and Anthropology)
markedchaser
 

What's hot (20)

06 cultural anthropology
06 cultural anthropology06 cultural anthropology
06 cultural anthropology
 
κοινωνικη διαστρωματωση
κοινωνικη διαστρωματωσηκοινωνικη διαστρωματωση
κοινωνικη διαστρωματωση
 
Social mobility
Social mobilitySocial mobility
Social mobility
 
Gender role stereotyping
Gender role stereotypingGender role stereotyping
Gender role stereotyping
 
Gender Role
Gender RoleGender Role
Gender Role
 
functions of culture
functions of culturefunctions of culture
functions of culture
 
Social structure
Social structureSocial structure
Social structure
 
Lecture 11 - Sex and Gender
Lecture 11 -  Sex and GenderLecture 11 -  Sex and Gender
Lecture 11 - Sex and Gender
 
Presentation 3 (social roles)
Presentation 3 (social roles)Presentation 3 (social roles)
Presentation 3 (social roles)
 
Gender sensitivity in leadership
Gender sensitivity in leadershipGender sensitivity in leadership
Gender sensitivity in leadership
 
Social mobility dr rahul
Social mobility dr rahulSocial mobility dr rahul
Social mobility dr rahul
 
Αρμοδιότητες Προέδρου της Δημοκρατίας
Αρμοδιότητες Προέδρου της ΔημοκρατίαςΑρμοδιότητες Προέδρου της Δημοκρατίας
Αρμοδιότητες Προέδρου της Δημοκρατίας
 
Social sciences
Social sciencesSocial sciences
Social sciences
 
GENDER STEREOTYPES
GENDER STEREOTYPESGENDER STEREOTYPES
GENDER STEREOTYPES
 
Gender stereotypes
Gender stereotypesGender stereotypes
Gender stereotypes
 
human skills - men vs women, communication
human skills - men vs women, communicationhuman skills - men vs women, communication
human skills - men vs women, communication
 
Gender training workshop for iita 2 gender concepts
Gender training workshop for iita 2   gender conceptsGender training workshop for iita 2   gender concepts
Gender training workshop for iita 2 gender concepts
 
Αξιοκρατία
ΑξιοκρατίαΑξιοκρατία
Αξιοκρατία
 
Anthropological Theories and Theoretical Orientations
Anthropological Theories and Theoretical OrientationsAnthropological Theories and Theoretical Orientations
Anthropological Theories and Theoretical Orientations
 
Chapter 9 Social Stratification (Introduction of Sociology and Anthropology)
Chapter 9 Social Stratification (Introduction of Sociology and Anthropology)Chapter 9 Social Stratification (Introduction of Sociology and Anthropology)
Chapter 9 Social Stratification (Introduction of Sociology and Anthropology)
 

Viewers also liked

Sc2220 lecture 2 2012
Sc2220 lecture 2 2012Sc2220 lecture 2 2012
Sc2220 lecture 2 2012
socect
 
Biological differences between the sexes - Βιολογικές διαφορές των φύλων
Biological differences between the sexes - Βιολογικές διαφορές των φύλων Biological differences between the sexes - Βιολογικές διαφορές των φύλων
Biological differences between the sexes - Βιολογικές διαφορές των φύλων
Dafnitsa
 
Animalia (Phylum Arthropoda)
Animalia (Phylum Arthropoda)Animalia (Phylum Arthropoda)
Animalia (Phylum Arthropoda)
khannea21
 
INTERSEX-MEDIAGUIDE-interACT
INTERSEX-MEDIAGUIDE-interACTINTERSEX-MEDIAGUIDE-interACT
INTERSEX-MEDIAGUIDE-interACT
orangemoonmedia
 
Sc2220 lecture 2 2011
Sc2220 lecture 2 2011Sc2220 lecture 2 2011
Sc2220 lecture 2 2011
socect
 
Social sciences scope and importance
Social sciences scope and importanceSocial sciences scope and importance
Social sciences scope and importance
Mkm Zafar
 

Viewers also liked (6)

Sc2220 lecture 2 2012
Sc2220 lecture 2 2012Sc2220 lecture 2 2012
Sc2220 lecture 2 2012
 
Biological differences between the sexes - Βιολογικές διαφορές των φύλων
Biological differences between the sexes - Βιολογικές διαφορές των φύλων Biological differences between the sexes - Βιολογικές διαφορές των φύλων
Biological differences between the sexes - Βιολογικές διαφορές των φύλων
 
Animalia (Phylum Arthropoda)
Animalia (Phylum Arthropoda)Animalia (Phylum Arthropoda)
Animalia (Phylum Arthropoda)
 
INTERSEX-MEDIAGUIDE-interACT
INTERSEX-MEDIAGUIDE-interACTINTERSEX-MEDIAGUIDE-interACT
INTERSEX-MEDIAGUIDE-interACT
 
Sc2220 lecture 2 2011
Sc2220 lecture 2 2011Sc2220 lecture 2 2011
Sc2220 lecture 2 2011
 
Social sciences scope and importance
Social sciences scope and importanceSocial sciences scope and importance
Social sciences scope and importance
 

Similar to Sc2220 Lecture 3 2009

Sc2218 Lecture 6 (2008a)
Sc2218 Lecture 6 (2008a)Sc2218 Lecture 6 (2008a)
Sc2218 Lecture 6 (2008a)
socect
 
Sc2220 Lecture 8 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 8 2009Sc2220 Lecture 8 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 8 2009
socect
 
The five sexes
The five sexesThe five sexes
The five sexes
daniellelee454
 
From a Black and White to a Technicolor View of Gender: A Discussion on Gende...
From a Black and White to a Technicolor View of Gender: A Discussion on Gende...From a Black and White to a Technicolor View of Gender: A Discussion on Gende...
From a Black and White to a Technicolor View of Gender: A Discussion on Gende...
Aimee Beardslee
 
Sc2220 lecture 8 2012
Sc2220 lecture 8 2012Sc2220 lecture 8 2012
Sc2220 lecture 8 2012
socect
 
Sc2220 lecture 8 2011
Sc2220 lecture 8 2011Sc2220 lecture 8 2011
Sc2220 lecture 8 2011
socect
 
Notes from class · Sex VS. Gender· Sex = Biology Gender = S.docx
Notes from class · Sex VS. Gender· Sex = Biology Gender = S.docxNotes from class · Sex VS. Gender· Sex = Biology Gender = S.docx
Notes from class · Sex VS. Gender· Sex = Biology Gender = S.docx
cherishwinsland
 
My-Sexual-Self.pptx
My-Sexual-Self.pptxMy-Sexual-Self.pptx
My-Sexual-Self.pptx
LoinAlvinValois
 
1 S e x a n d G e n d e r SEX AND GENDER Learni.docx
1  S e x  a n d  G e n d e r  SEX AND GENDER Learni.docx1  S e x  a n d  G e n d e r  SEX AND GENDER Learni.docx
1 S e x a n d G e n d e r SEX AND GENDER Learni.docx
jeremylockett77
 
1 S e x a n d G e n d e r SEX AND GENDER Learni.docx
1  S e x  a n d  G e n d e r  SEX AND GENDER Learni.docx1  S e x  a n d  G e n d e r  SEX AND GENDER Learni.docx
1 S e x a n d G e n d e r SEX AND GENDER Learni.docx
karisariddell
 
Human Nature Presentation
Human Nature PresentationHuman Nature Presentation
Human Nature Presentation
mefrendster
 
Chapter 9 4th ed
Chapter 9 4th edChapter 9 4th ed
Chapter 9 4th ed
derrickgriffey
 
Chapter 9 4th ed
Chapter 9 4th edChapter 9 4th ed
Chapter 9 4th ed
derrickgriffey
 
Eckert and McConnell-Ginet Ch1(1)(1).pdf
Eckert and McConnell-Ginet Ch1(1)(1).pdfEckert and McConnell-Ginet Ch1(1)(1).pdf
Eckert and McConnell-Ginet Ch1(1)(1).pdf
CameronLee64
 
LESSON--1 GENDER AND SOCIETY PDF FOR BSN
LESSON--1 GENDER AND SOCIETY PDF FOR BSNLESSON--1 GENDER AND SOCIETY PDF FOR BSN
LESSON--1 GENDER AND SOCIETY PDF FOR BSN
ItsRanyaAkmad
 
Chapter9 4thed 141203132413-conversion-gate01
Chapter9 4thed 141203132413-conversion-gate01Chapter9 4thed 141203132413-conversion-gate01
Chapter9 4thed 141203132413-conversion-gate01
Cleophas Rwemera
 
PSYC482 Paper 2
PSYC482 Paper 2PSYC482 Paper 2
PSYC482 Paper 2
Brittany Wellman
 
Chapter9 4thed 141203121437-conversion-gate01
Chapter9 4thed 141203121437-conversion-gate01Chapter9 4thed 141203121437-conversion-gate01
Chapter9 4thed 141203121437-conversion-gate01
Cleophas Rwemera
 
Modeling Sexual Selection with Agent-Based Models
Modeling Sexual Selection with Agent-Based ModelsModeling Sexual Selection with Agent-Based Models
Modeling Sexual Selection with Agent-Based Models
Esteban Ribero
 
GENDER and SOCIETY.pptx
GENDER and SOCIETY.pptxGENDER and SOCIETY.pptx
GENDER and SOCIETY.pptx
RenalynSiman3
 

Similar to Sc2220 Lecture 3 2009 (20)

Sc2218 Lecture 6 (2008a)
Sc2218 Lecture 6 (2008a)Sc2218 Lecture 6 (2008a)
Sc2218 Lecture 6 (2008a)
 
Sc2220 Lecture 8 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 8 2009Sc2220 Lecture 8 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 8 2009
 
The five sexes
The five sexesThe five sexes
The five sexes
 
From a Black and White to a Technicolor View of Gender: A Discussion on Gende...
From a Black and White to a Technicolor View of Gender: A Discussion on Gende...From a Black and White to a Technicolor View of Gender: A Discussion on Gende...
From a Black and White to a Technicolor View of Gender: A Discussion on Gende...
 
Sc2220 lecture 8 2012
Sc2220 lecture 8 2012Sc2220 lecture 8 2012
Sc2220 lecture 8 2012
 
Sc2220 lecture 8 2011
Sc2220 lecture 8 2011Sc2220 lecture 8 2011
Sc2220 lecture 8 2011
 
Notes from class · Sex VS. Gender· Sex = Biology Gender = S.docx
Notes from class · Sex VS. Gender· Sex = Biology Gender = S.docxNotes from class · Sex VS. Gender· Sex = Biology Gender = S.docx
Notes from class · Sex VS. Gender· Sex = Biology Gender = S.docx
 
My-Sexual-Self.pptx
My-Sexual-Self.pptxMy-Sexual-Self.pptx
My-Sexual-Self.pptx
 
1 S e x a n d G e n d e r SEX AND GENDER Learni.docx
1  S e x  a n d  G e n d e r  SEX AND GENDER Learni.docx1  S e x  a n d  G e n d e r  SEX AND GENDER Learni.docx
1 S e x a n d G e n d e r SEX AND GENDER Learni.docx
 
1 S e x a n d G e n d e r SEX AND GENDER Learni.docx
1  S e x  a n d  G e n d e r  SEX AND GENDER Learni.docx1  S e x  a n d  G e n d e r  SEX AND GENDER Learni.docx
1 S e x a n d G e n d e r SEX AND GENDER Learni.docx
 
Human Nature Presentation
Human Nature PresentationHuman Nature Presentation
Human Nature Presentation
 
Chapter 9 4th ed
Chapter 9 4th edChapter 9 4th ed
Chapter 9 4th ed
 
Chapter 9 4th ed
Chapter 9 4th edChapter 9 4th ed
Chapter 9 4th ed
 
Eckert and McConnell-Ginet Ch1(1)(1).pdf
Eckert and McConnell-Ginet Ch1(1)(1).pdfEckert and McConnell-Ginet Ch1(1)(1).pdf
Eckert and McConnell-Ginet Ch1(1)(1).pdf
 
LESSON--1 GENDER AND SOCIETY PDF FOR BSN
LESSON--1 GENDER AND SOCIETY PDF FOR BSNLESSON--1 GENDER AND SOCIETY PDF FOR BSN
LESSON--1 GENDER AND SOCIETY PDF FOR BSN
 
Chapter9 4thed 141203132413-conversion-gate01
Chapter9 4thed 141203132413-conversion-gate01Chapter9 4thed 141203132413-conversion-gate01
Chapter9 4thed 141203132413-conversion-gate01
 
PSYC482 Paper 2
PSYC482 Paper 2PSYC482 Paper 2
PSYC482 Paper 2
 
Chapter9 4thed 141203121437-conversion-gate01
Chapter9 4thed 141203121437-conversion-gate01Chapter9 4thed 141203121437-conversion-gate01
Chapter9 4thed 141203121437-conversion-gate01
 
Modeling Sexual Selection with Agent-Based Models
Modeling Sexual Selection with Agent-Based ModelsModeling Sexual Selection with Agent-Based Models
Modeling Sexual Selection with Agent-Based Models
 
GENDER and SOCIETY.pptx
GENDER and SOCIETY.pptxGENDER and SOCIETY.pptx
GENDER and SOCIETY.pptx
 

More from socect

Sc2220 lecture 10 2012
Sc2220 lecture 10 2012Sc2220 lecture 10 2012
Sc2220 lecture 10 2012
socect
 
Sc2220 lecture 9 2012
Sc2220 lecture 9 2012Sc2220 lecture 9 2012
Sc2220 lecture 9 2012
socect
 
Sc2220 lecture 7 2012
Sc2220 lecture 7 2012Sc2220 lecture 7 2012
Sc2220 lecture 7 2012
socect
 
Sc2220 lecture 6 2012
Sc2220 lecture 6 2012Sc2220 lecture 6 2012
Sc2220 lecture 6 2012
socect
 
Sc2220 lecture 5 2012
Sc2220 lecture 5 2012Sc2220 lecture 5 2012
Sc2220 lecture 5 2012
socect
 
Sc2220 lecture 4 2012
Sc2220 lecture 4 2012Sc2220 lecture 4 2012
Sc2220 lecture 4 2012
socect
 
Sc2220 lecture 3 2012
Sc2220 lecture 3 2012Sc2220 lecture 3 2012
Sc2220 lecture 3 2012
socect
 
Sc2220 Lecture 1 2012
Sc2220 Lecture 1 2012Sc2220 Lecture 1 2012
Sc2220 Lecture 1 2012
socect
 
Sc2218 lecture 12 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 12 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 12 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 12 (2011)
socect
 
Sc2218 lecture 11 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 11 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 11 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 11 (2011)
socect
 
Sc2218 lecture 10 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 10 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 10 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 10 (2011)
socect
 
Sc2218 lecture 9 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 9 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 9 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 9 (2011)
socect
 
Sc2218 lecture 8 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 8 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 8 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 8 (2011)
socect
 
Sc2218 lecture 7 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 7 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 7 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 7 (2011)
socect
 
Sc2218 lecture 6 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 6 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 6 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 6 (2011)
socect
 
Sc2218 lecture 5 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 5 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 5 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 5 (2011)
socect
 
Sc2218 lecture 4 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 4 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 4 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 4 (2011)
socect
 
Sc2218 lecture 3 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 3 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 3 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 3 (2011)
socect
 
Sc2218 lecture 2 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 2 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 2 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 2 (2011)
socect
 
Sc2218 lecture 1 (2011) ivle
Sc2218 lecture 1 (2011) ivleSc2218 lecture 1 (2011) ivle
Sc2218 lecture 1 (2011) ivle
socect
 

More from socect (20)

Sc2220 lecture 10 2012
Sc2220 lecture 10 2012Sc2220 lecture 10 2012
Sc2220 lecture 10 2012
 
Sc2220 lecture 9 2012
Sc2220 lecture 9 2012Sc2220 lecture 9 2012
Sc2220 lecture 9 2012
 
Sc2220 lecture 7 2012
Sc2220 lecture 7 2012Sc2220 lecture 7 2012
Sc2220 lecture 7 2012
 
Sc2220 lecture 6 2012
Sc2220 lecture 6 2012Sc2220 lecture 6 2012
Sc2220 lecture 6 2012
 
Sc2220 lecture 5 2012
Sc2220 lecture 5 2012Sc2220 lecture 5 2012
Sc2220 lecture 5 2012
 
Sc2220 lecture 4 2012
Sc2220 lecture 4 2012Sc2220 lecture 4 2012
Sc2220 lecture 4 2012
 
Sc2220 lecture 3 2012
Sc2220 lecture 3 2012Sc2220 lecture 3 2012
Sc2220 lecture 3 2012
 
Sc2220 Lecture 1 2012
Sc2220 Lecture 1 2012Sc2220 Lecture 1 2012
Sc2220 Lecture 1 2012
 
Sc2218 lecture 12 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 12 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 12 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 12 (2011)
 
Sc2218 lecture 11 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 11 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 11 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 11 (2011)
 
Sc2218 lecture 10 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 10 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 10 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 10 (2011)
 
Sc2218 lecture 9 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 9 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 9 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 9 (2011)
 
Sc2218 lecture 8 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 8 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 8 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 8 (2011)
 
Sc2218 lecture 7 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 7 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 7 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 7 (2011)
 
Sc2218 lecture 6 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 6 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 6 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 6 (2011)
 
Sc2218 lecture 5 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 5 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 5 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 5 (2011)
 
Sc2218 lecture 4 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 4 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 4 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 4 (2011)
 
Sc2218 lecture 3 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 3 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 3 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 3 (2011)
 
Sc2218 lecture 2 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 2 (2011)Sc2218 lecture 2 (2011)
Sc2218 lecture 2 (2011)
 
Sc2218 lecture 1 (2011) ivle
Sc2218 lecture 1 (2011) ivleSc2218 lecture 1 (2011) ivle
Sc2218 lecture 1 (2011) ivle
 

Recently uploaded

Juneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School District
Juneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School DistrictJuneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School District
Juneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School District
David Douglas School District
 
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptxA Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
OH TEIK BIN
 
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation resultsTemple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Krassimira Luka
 
220711130083 SUBHASHREE RAKSHIT Internet resources for social science
220711130083 SUBHASHREE RAKSHIT  Internet resources for social science220711130083 SUBHASHREE RAKSHIT  Internet resources for social science
220711130083 SUBHASHREE RAKSHIT Internet resources for social science
Kalna College
 
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
EduSkills OECD
 
220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx
220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx
220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx
Kalna College
 
KHUSWANT SINGH.pptx ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT KHUSHWANT SINGH
KHUSWANT SINGH.pptx ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT KHUSHWANT SINGHKHUSWANT SINGH.pptx ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT KHUSHWANT SINGH
KHUSWANT SINGH.pptx ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT KHUSHWANT SINGH
shreyassri1208
 
Elevate Your Nonprofit's Online Presence_ A Guide to Effective SEO Strategies...
Elevate Your Nonprofit's Online Presence_ A Guide to Effective SEO Strategies...Elevate Your Nonprofit's Online Presence_ A Guide to Effective SEO Strategies...
Elevate Your Nonprofit's Online Presence_ A Guide to Effective SEO Strategies...
TechSoup
 
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
How to Manage Reception Report in Odoo 17
How to Manage Reception Report in Odoo 17How to Manage Reception Report in Odoo 17
How to Manage Reception Report in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Wound healing PPT
Wound healing PPTWound healing PPT
Wound healing PPT
Jyoti Chand
 
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
nitinpv4ai
 
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
nitinpv4ai
 
Educational Technology in the Health Sciences
Educational Technology in the Health SciencesEducational Technology in the Health Sciences
Educational Technology in the Health Sciences
Iris Thiele Isip-Tan
 
Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray (9)
Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray  (9)Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray  (9)
Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray (9)
nitinpv4ai
 
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptxRESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
zuzanka
 
CapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptxCapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptx
CapitolTechU
 
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
deepaannamalai16
 
How to Download & Install Module From the Odoo App Store in Odoo 17
How to Download & Install Module From the Odoo App Store in Odoo 17How to Download & Install Module From the Odoo App Store in Odoo 17
How to Download & Install Module From the Odoo App Store in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
PsychoTech Services
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Juneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School District
Juneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School DistrictJuneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School District
Juneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School District
 
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptxA Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
A Free 200-Page eBook ~ Brain and Mind Exercise.pptx
 
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation resultsTemple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
 
220711130083 SUBHASHREE RAKSHIT Internet resources for social science
220711130083 SUBHASHREE RAKSHIT  Internet resources for social science220711130083 SUBHASHREE RAKSHIT  Internet resources for social science
220711130083 SUBHASHREE RAKSHIT Internet resources for social science
 
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
Andreas Schleicher presents PISA 2022 Volume III - Creative Thinking - 18 Jun...
 
220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx
220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx
220711130088 Sumi Basak Virtual University EPC 3.pptx
 
KHUSWANT SINGH.pptx ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT KHUSHWANT SINGH
KHUSWANT SINGH.pptx ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT KHUSHWANT SINGHKHUSWANT SINGH.pptx ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT KHUSHWANT SINGH
KHUSWANT SINGH.pptx ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT KHUSHWANT SINGH
 
Elevate Your Nonprofit's Online Presence_ A Guide to Effective SEO Strategies...
Elevate Your Nonprofit's Online Presence_ A Guide to Effective SEO Strategies...Elevate Your Nonprofit's Online Presence_ A Guide to Effective SEO Strategies...
Elevate Your Nonprofit's Online Presence_ A Guide to Effective SEO Strategies...
 
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
 
How to Manage Reception Report in Odoo 17
How to Manage Reception Report in Odoo 17How to Manage Reception Report in Odoo 17
How to Manage Reception Report in Odoo 17
 
Wound healing PPT
Wound healing PPTWound healing PPT
Wound healing PPT
 
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
 
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
Oliver Asks for More by Charles Dickens (9)
 
Educational Technology in the Health Sciences
Educational Technology in the Health SciencesEducational Technology in the Health Sciences
Educational Technology in the Health Sciences
 
Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray (9)
Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray  (9)Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray  (9)
Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray (9)
 
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptxRESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
 
CapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptxCapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Slides June 2024 Donovan Wright.pptx
 
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
HYPERTENSION - SLIDE SHARE PRESENTATION.
 
How to Download & Install Module From the Odoo App Store in Odoo 17
How to Download & Install Module From the Odoo App Store in Odoo 17How to Download & Install Module From the Odoo App Store in Odoo 17
How to Download & Install Module From the Odoo App Store in Odoo 17
 
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
Gender and Mental Health - Counselling and Family Therapy Applications and In...
 

Sc2220 Lecture 3 2009

  • 1. SC2220: Gender Studies Biology, Sex & Gender (The Sex/Gender Distinction) Dr. Eric C. Thompson
  • 2.
  • 3. 1. Human Sexual Reproduction and Gender
  • 4.
  • 5. Asexual Reproduction (Example: Hydra) (Note: This Hydra, a Mythical Greek Beast, is not what I’m talking about!) Hydra grow “buds” that drop off, grow large, and grow their own buds. Hydra are biologically immortal (they don’t age!). Hydra are small creatures that live in water.
  • 6. Sexual Reproduction (1): Sequential and Simultaneous Hermaphrodites Clown Fish: Male to Female Sex Change (Nemo’s deep dark secret?) Wrasse: Female to Male Sex Change Hamlet Fish: Simultaneous Hermaphrodites (Take turns during extended, multiple mating sessions, lasting several days) Banana Slug: Simultaneous Prefers to mate with partner, but self-fertilizes if necessary.
  • 7. Sexual Reproduction(2): Heterosexuals Homo sapiens sapiens Hoverflies Rabbits
  • 8.
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13. 2. Biology, Gender and Cultural Myth-making
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19. FEMALES MALES 80% 20% 80% In US Army physical tests: top 20% of women had the same average as bottom 20% for men. (These statistics then get used both for and against women in the military) How big is the difference? Example of a test of physical ability; emphasizing upper body strength.*
  • 20. How much can you lift? Udomporn Polsak (Female, Thailand, Height 150 cm, Weight 53 kg): Lifted 125 kg* Tang Gonghong (Female, China, Height 172 cm, Weight 120 kg): Lifted 182.5 kg Halil Mutlu (Male, Turkey, Height 150 cm, Weight 56 kg): Lifted 160 kg Hossein Reza Zadeh (Male, Iran, Height 185 cm, Weight 160 kg): Lifted 262.5 kg *All results for “Clean & Jerk” 2004 Olympics
  • 21.
  • 22.
  • 23. 3. Sex Differences that Matter in (Some) Social Contexts *Sexual Dimorphism *Reproductive Strategies *Sexual Competition *Hormones
  • 24.
  • 25.
  • 26.
  • 27.
  • 28.
  • 29.
  • 30.
  • 31.
  • 32. Biological Differences Matter. But Myths Matter More . Biology is not destiny. Gender is a process we live and a project we construct every day of our lives.