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Presented by:
Gary L. Bukowski, MA, CFRE
Associate VP of Development
Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center
Sarah A. Reed:
A Renaissance Woman and How Her
Spirit Lives on 153 Years Later
April 3, 2024 ∙ 7:00 pm ∙ The Erie Torch Club
Who Was Sarah A. Reed?
• Sarah Ann Reed was born on March 16, 1838, in Ashtabula, OH, the eighth and
final child born to William and Elizabeth Ingram Smith Reed.
• Sarah Reed’s great-grandparents, Seth and Hannah Reed, arrived by sailing ship
from Buffalo on July 1, 1795, and became the first family to settle in Erie.
• Sarah’s great-uncle, Rufus Reed, built a residence in Erie at the corner of 7th and
State Street, which would later become the first location of The Association for
Improving the Conditions of the Poor and a Home for the Friendless.
• Her many contributions to the Erie community and over 25
organizations spanned her lifetime, from 1838-1934.
• Sarah’s main impact in the community is bookmarked from
Post Civil War – the end of World War I, culminating in
62 years of devoted service as a foundress, volunteer, Board manager,
vice president and president of Erie’s first non-denominational human
services agency, Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center.
Taken from A Legacy of Caring: A Tribute to Sarah A. Reed by Margaret L. Tenpas
Sarah Reed’s Estate: East 10th & French
Sarah A. Reed
"She possessed a unique combination of talents: gentle without weakness; strong and
courageous in convictions; serious in purpose; liberal in gifts; royal in hospitality; regal
in leadership... with deep, essential spirituality...
To be with her was to sit in the sun.“
~Etta B. Schutte, a friend of Sarah's and Board Member of the Home
Entrepreneur
World Traveler
Community Leader
Author
Connector
Devoted Religious Servant Philanthropist
Fundraiser
Teacher
Foundress
Sarah A. Reed – The Connector in the
Erie Community
• The Tipping Point by Malcolm Gladwell – Connectors
• Paul Revere & William Dawes – Law of the Few (April 18, 1775)
• The speed of taking Mr. William Arbuckle’s idea of needing a welfare agency &
home to the creation of The Association for Improving the Conditions of the Poor
and a Home for the Friendless in less than two months!
October 17, 1871: First Meeting
November 2, 1871: Home in operation
November 29, 1871: Charter granted &
incorporated!
Sarah A. Reed – A Philanthropist &
Community Leader
 Conducted evening classes for secretaries at her home, launching
the first Businesswomen’s club in Erie
 Involved with the Women’s Auxiliary of St. Paul’s Episcopal Church
 Member of the Needlework Guild
 Active in the League of Women Voters
 Active in the Erie County Council of Republican Women
 Active in the Erie Art Club
 Member of the Young Women’s Christian Association
 Active in the Presque Isle Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution
-Sarah was the Chapter’s 3rd Regent (1907-1923)
 Spearheaded the restoration of the Brig Niagara in 1913 (DAR)
 Participated in the unveiling of the statue of George Washington in 1922 (DAR)
 Involved in the Women’s Christian Temperance Union
 Involved in the erection of the Soldiers & Sailors monument in Perry Square in 1872
 Involved in the Social Consciousness Movement
 Conducted Sunday School lessons in church for many years
• Author of the following books:
1. My Grandmother’s Story and Other Stories
2. Romance of Arlington House
3. The Belated Passenger
Sarah A. Reed – A Philanthropist,
Fundraiser & Community Leader
Sarah A. Reed – A Philanthropist,
Fundraiser & Community Leader
Aug. 30, 1922 (Waterford, PA) - Miss Sarah Reed,
president of the Presque Isle Chapter of the Daughters
of the American Revolution, pulled the coverings from
the statue of George Washington as the crowd of
15,000 cheered.
Sarah was deeply involved in bringing the Soldiers and Sailors monument to fruition in Perry Square in 1872,
along with Helen Ball and Mrs. Isaac Moorhead. There is a line in her diary that reads, “I signed check for
$9,388.84 payment in full for the monument.”
Sarah A. Reed – A World Traveler
1911 - Sarah rides a camel during her visit to Egypt with The Great Sphinx and the Pyramids in
the background. A 1909 travel diary also describes Sarah’s trip to Ireland, England and Scotland.
Sarah A. Reed – A Devoted Religious
Servant & Teacher
“Miss Reed’s Study Class was very
popular as a way of ‘continuing
education,’ rather similar to the
Chautauqua Literary and Scientific
Circle. The ladies prepared research
papers and met every Monday at
Miss Reed’s home, taking turns
reading them to the group. Among
subjects of study: the Holy Land,
Egypt, the Middle East and other
Mediterranean countries.”
~Elizabeth Kellies, grand-daughter
of Mary Dunlap Rees, a friend of
Sarah’s & a member of the Study
Class.
1879 – 1929: Sarah taught study classes to nearly 1,000 people (a Wednesday Study class on
world cultures and literature, and beginning in 1887 she started a Monday Study class as well).
The class home of “Miss Reed’s Monday Afternoon Study Class”
– Photo circa 1928
Sarah A. Reed – An Entrepreneur
• Community Leader
• Erie Extension Canal
-In 1886, Sarah Reed purchased the
north-south right-of-way that had
previously been part of the Erie
Extension Canal that had been lying
fallow for several years after the canal went
out of business in 1871
• Months later, the Pittsburgh steel group’s
railroad leased the land from Sarah and
built their new Pittsburgh, Shenango and
Lake Erie Railroad line, which was later
purchased by Andrew Carnegie in 1901
• Sarah inherited her entrepreneurial DNA
from her uncle, Charles Manning Reed
Gen. Charles Manning Reed
• October 17, 1871: Creation of “The Association for Improving the Conditions
of the Poor and a Home for the Friendless”
• October 24, 1871: Offer by Gen. Charles Manning Reed made the use of the old
family homestead of Rufus Reed available.
• November 2, 1871: The ladies had the home in operation and began securing
gifts of furniture and supplies from the community
• November 7, 1871: The home is now operating with
4 children admitted and 2 more awaiting admission
• November 29, 1871: Their formal charter is granted!
The Beginning of Sarah A. Reed
Children’s Center
Atty. James C. Marshall Rufus Reed Gen. Charles Manning Reed
Listing of All Founding Members:
AssociationforImprovingtheConditionsofthePoorand
aHomefortheFriendless
Mrs. C.M. Reed
Mrs. M.B. Lowry
Mrs. I.B. Gara
Mrs. W.A. Brown
Mrs. William Bell
Mrs. W.W. Dinsmore
Miss M.C. Kilbourne
Mrs. W.S. Brown
Mrs. Henry Jarecki
Miss S. Parkinson
Miss L.G. Sanford
Mrs. W.L. Scott
Mrs. J.H. Neil
Mrs. J.P. Longstreet
Mrs. G.W. Starr
Mrs. W.A. Galbraith
Mrs. Bernard Hubley
Mrs. S.S. Spencer
Miss Sarah Reed
Mrs. I.W. Hart
Mrs. J.P. Vincent
Mrs. S.A. Davenport
Mrs. P. Metcalf
Mrs. J.C. Marshall
Mrs. E.W. Pollock
Mrs. D.S. Clark
Mrs. L.W. Shirk
Mrs. P. Crouch
Mrs. Miles W. Caughey
Mrs. Robert Evans
Laura Goodwin Sanford
November29, 1871
The Beginning of Sarah A. Reed
Children’s Center: Formal Charter
The Beginning of Sarah A. Reed
Children’s Center
The Beginning of Sarah A. Reed
Children’s Center
• In 1871, churches and the Poor Board were the only organizations in Erie that
offered assistance to city’s 20,000 residents
• Mr. William Arbuckle, who served on the Poor Board, wanted to see a home
established, especially for children in need.
• On October 17, 1871, Sarah A. Reed, Laura Sanford, and 28 prominent Erie
women met at the home of Atty. James C. Marshall to form The Association
for Improving the Conditions of the Poor, and A Home for the Friendless
* Two Divisions: The children and the “Old Ladies”
• Their purpose was “to generally take care of the unfortunate and poor without
regard to sect or religion”
• They accepted boarders in addition to children who would be offered for
adoption. Some women, left widows or deserted by husbands, wanted
desperately to keep their children but needed to work
• The boarding system allowed children to have good accommodations,
remaining together until their mother could establish a home for them again
22nd & Sassafras
Taken from A Legacy of Caring: A Tribute to Sarah A. Reed by Margaret L. Tenpas
The Beginning of Sarah A. Reed
Children’s Center
• The cost at the time was $1.64 ½ per week, per “inmate”
• Sarah enjoyed finding activities for both the children and the older ladies
to participate in and frequently arranged for street car rides and picnics
for the children. She entertained the older ladies at tea parties in her
own home and hosted annual Christmas parties
Taken from A Legacy of Caring: A Tribute to Sarah A. Reed by Margaret L. Tenpas
Notes from the First Annual Report,
Circa 1872
Operating Budget in 1871: $1,500/year
Number of Children and Adults Served in 1871: 80
Stories of the First Individuals Who Were Helped by Sarah Reed:
• “Recently we have received four motherless children. The father could
not stay with them at home, being depended upon his daily labor for
support. How much better to place them here, under the care of our
efficient Matron, than to separate them…”
• “Then Oscar was thrust upon us; and who that saw or attempted to
care for that mischievous, naughty, lovable boy, can ever forget him?
His was a strong nature that could be controlled only by love, and we
are thankful that he has been adopted into a family whose influences,
we believe, will develop his better qualities. They write of their
attachment to him and desire to retain him.”
• “A woman and her infant here, for a short time, found shelter and
food.”
The Center Moves to the Marine Hospital:
April 10, 1872 - October 1875
1872: The Home moved to the Marine Hospital (known today as the PA Soldiers & Sailors Home). Average in residence: 15
Hon. Morrow B. Lowry Gifts Gaggin
Property at 22nd & Sassafras in 1875
Hon. Morrow B. Lowry Gifts Gaggin
Property at 22nd & Sassafras in Sept 1875
Portrait of Hon. Morrow B. Lowry that
hangs in the hallway at Sarah Reed
Senior Living. It was painted by Calista
Gara, the second president of our
agency, in appreciation for all that M.B.
Lowry had done and continued to do for
the Home for the Friendless.
Cornerstone ceremony took place October 18, 1875.
Property valued at $10,000 - $15,000 at the time.
The Home Operates for 86 Years at the
Gaggin House (1875-1961)
Early Days: Sarah Reed Senior Living
By 1953 the name change of the home became visible. The old name plate “Home
for the Friendless” came down from the Children’s Home. The words “Old Ladies
Home” carved over its entrance was removed and the new sign mounted, “Sarah
A. Reed Home.”
Taken from A Legacy of Caring: A Tribute to Sarah A. Reed by Margaret L. Tenpas
Erie’s Oldest Non-Denominational
Human Services Agency
• Sarah Reed was involved in this organization for 62 years and served as President
for 45 years (1889-1934). In 1921, the Home for the Friendless celebrated it’s 50th
Anniversary. Sarah was 83 at the time and continued in her role as president for
another 12 years until her death in 1934.
• It was renamed Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center in 1936 in honor of Sarah Reed’s
contributions, a change she would not allow during her lifetime
• Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center is the oldest non-denominational human services
agency in Erie
• In 1961, the Children's Center opened its main campus in Millcreek Township
where treatment could be provided for children with emotional, social, learning
and behavioral problems
Taken from A Legacy of Caring: A Tribute to Sarah A. Reed by Margaret L. Tenpas
Our Agency Begins Transformation Into
Two Nonprofits
• Until 1954, our Board managed the work of both the children’s home and
the adult residence
• But the Welfare Council of Erie County and the PA Department of Public
Welfare both advocated for separate Boards
• Decision made in 1958 leading to the formation of the Sarah Reed
Corporation with two separate facilities, one for the children (known as the
Children’s Center) and one for the adults (known as Sarah Reed Senior
Living). Each with 24 members.
• Major decisions needed to be made as the two homes took on their own
identities and specialized staff (in the 1960s)
Sarah Reed Senior Living Today
Accelerating the Transformation Into
Two Nonprofits
• 1959 – Department of Labor & Industry made requirements for alterations
to the Children’s Home at a prohibitive cost
• State Department of Welfare’s recommendation to build new cottages for
the children in keeping with child welfare practices and following the
recommendations of the community study of child welfare needs by the
welfare council that a new program for housing facilities be undertaken
• 6.5 acres of land at Bradford & Highland Street were purchased, and 2
cottages and an administration building were built. Nelson, Goldberg &
Heidt prepared drawings, estimating costs to be $300,000.
• Funds were voted from the endowment fund, which had grown to
$1,395,695. Work begins!
• Ground broken in 1960 and the Children’s
Center opened its doors in 1961
• Instead of “homeless children,” this facility
serves children with mental health and
emotional challenges requiring 24/7
residential treatment
The Children’s Home Moves to Current
Millcreek Location in 1961
Residential Treatment Program: 2445 West 34th Street ∙ Erie, PA 16506
Erie’s Oldest Non-Denominational
Human Services Agency
• By 1978, all children referred to the Sarah Reed Residential Treatment
Program required specialized mental health treatment, thus ushering in a
new era of services designed for children.
• In 1986, two independent non-profit corporations formed as Sarah Reed
Children's Center and Sarah Reed Senior Living.
• The endowment fund was split between the two agencies.
Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center Today
Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center:
Then & Now (Residential Campus)
Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center:
Residential & Ridgefield Campuses
Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center:
Hamilton Campus
Purchased in 2012 for $876,175 (4.6 acres)
7 Locations Throughout Erie County
• Administrative Offices & Residential Treatment Facility
2445 West 34th Street • Erie, PA 16506
• Ridgefield Campus – Residential School
3227 Highland Road • Erie, PA 16506
• Hamilton Campus
2931 Harvard Road • Erie, PA 16508
– Acute Partial Hospitalization Program
– Partial Hospitalization Program
• St. Ann’s Campus
1020 East 10th Street • Erie, PA 16503
– Sanctuary® Education for Learning Fundamentals (SELF)
– Sanctuary® Based Learning Program (SBLP)
• Outpatient Behavioral Health Services
1611 Peach Street, Suite 185 • Erie, PA 16501
• Emerson-Gridley Campus
816 South Park Avenue • Erie, PA 16502
– Bridges West Alternative Education Program (BAEP)
• East Middle School
1001 Atkins Street • Erie, PA 16503
– Bridges East Alternative Education Program (BAEP)
Celebrating 150 Years: The Children’s
Center & Sarah Reed Senior Living
Adrienne Dixon, Ph.D.
President/CEO
Sarah A. Reed
Children’s Center
Gale Magyar, NHA, CASP
Former Executive Director
Sarah Reed Senior Living
Fast Facts
Today our programs and services help children and adolescents who are working to
overcome emotional, mental and behavioral health challenges, many of whom have
suffered varying levels of trauma
• Number of Children & Adolescents Served: 1,700 Annually
• Age Range: 3-18 years
• Average Number of Staff: 285
• FY 23-24 Operating Budget: $20M
• Licenses & Accreditations: Sarah Reed is fully licensed by the PA Department of
Public Welfare and accredited by the Joint Commission for Accreditation on
Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO). The agency also runs a doctoral internship
program that is accredited by the American Psychological Association (APA).
• Sanctuary® Model: Cutting-edge therapy method that was developed by Dr.
Sandra Bloom. Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center was one of the first agencies to
adopt this model and become a Sanctuary®-certified organization.
Seven Commitments of Sanctuary:
1. Non-Violence
2. Emotional Intelligence
3. Inquiry & Social Learning
4. Shared Governance
5. Open Communication
6. Social Responsibility
7. Growth & Change
Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center
Outpatient Behavioral Health Services:
-Individual and Family Therapy
-Parent-Child Interaction Therapy
-Psychological Assessment Clinic
-Intensive Behavioral Health Services
-Medication Management
- Community & School-Based Behavioral Health Programs
- Re-focus rooms in multiple Erie County school districts
-School-Based Outpatient Program at Harbor Creek School District
-Iroquois Specialized Student Support Intervention
-Iroquois School District Medicine Management Clinic
-Mobile Mental Health Therapy in collaboration with the Mercy Center for Women
School-based therapeutic services provided to students in all 13 Erie County school districts
along with Crawford Central School District and Warren County School District
How to Measure the Lives You Touch
"It is easy to estimate the value of the property and tell of the thoroughly
organized institution that has grown out of a venture of faith. But who can estimate
the good it has done or follow its far reaching influences? Volumes would not tell
the story of all the lives it has helped.“
Miss Sarah A. Reed
As Sarah used to say…
How Our Agency is Making a Difference
“My husband and I were very impressed by how life-changing Sarah Reed’s Parent-
Child Interaction Therapy is. The therapist helped us communicate more effectively
with our daughter and really helped bridge the gap that existed in our relationship
with her. She responded better to us with everything we asked of her.”
~ A parent who participated in Parent-Child Interaction Therapy at Sarah Reed’s Outpatient Behavioral
Health Program
“I am so happy my son attended Sarah Reed. I see a positive change in him at home
and in his school reports – I am very grateful!”
~ Parent of a student in the SELF Program at Sarah Reed’s St. Ann’s Campus
"I cannot thank all of the staff at Sarah Reed enough. You have made me realize that I
am so much more than my diagnoses. Before coming here, I had no ambition to keep
going. I thought, ‘What is the point of anything?’ But now that thought barely crosses
my mind. I am so grateful that none of you gave up on me. Even when my OWN family
could care less about if I gave up or not, none of the staff here would let me, and I am
eternally grateful for that.”
~ K.V., a student who graduation from Sarah Reed’s Partial Hospitalization Program at the Hamilton Campus
Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center
• Since 2018 Sarah Reed’s Residential Treatment Program has served 783
children from 54 counties across Pennsylvania.
Sarah Reed’s Role in Erie’s
Comprehensive Plan
Courtesy of Erie Refocused: The City of Erie’s Comprehensive Plan and Community Decision-Making Guide, March 2016
Exciting New Developments
• Built fifth residence hall, James N. Herr Hall – dedicated January 19, 2019
• Sanctuary for Integrated Health & Wellness Park at Hamilton Campus (completed)
• 150th Anniversary Expansion Plans for the Main Residential Campus
• 150th Anniversary Technological Initiative - $326,423 raised of $300,000 goal!
James N. Herr Hall Sanctuary for Integrated Health & Wellness Park
150th Anniversary Expansion Plans 150th Anniversary Technological Initiative
New Sensory Room at Hamilton Campus
& Addition of 13 Calming Classrooms
Calming
Classrooms
Sensory Room
St. Ann’s School: The Early Years
St. Ann’s School: The Fire of 1945
Plans for the New St. Ann’s School
May 25, 1945
St. Ann’s Campus Enhancement: Phase 1
COMPLETED
Total Improvements Since May 2022: $504,000
New Heating, Ventilation & Air Conditioning System
New Classroom & Office Furniture
Technology for the Students & Classrooms
2022 Pulaski-Lighthouse Summer Youth Program
IT Infrastructure Upgrades
St. Ann’s Campus:
Sanctuary Garden Transformation
BEFORE (May ‘22)… AFTER (Jul ‘22)!
St. Ann’s Campus:
Library Enhancements
BEFORE… AFTER!
The Importance of Our St. Ann’s Library
“Beginning the school year, the building’s library was underwhelming. Moving back
to our little school building after being in a centralized location meant that our
books were lost to various moves. We were so excited to have an opportunity to be
donated books from multiple genres and interest points, especially for a group of
students that are reluctant to read in the first place!
We were able to add in literature that piqued the interest of students who refused
to open the pages of a book and make an attempt. The addition of these high
interest options brought a great deal of excitement to our student population and
had teenagers who hadn’t read a single book during the year reading avidly!”
Liz Brown, a clinical instructor at our St. Ann’s Campus
Current Major Fundraising Projects
StatusasofMarch28,2024
St. Ann’s Campus Enhancement: Phase #2
Current Goal: $690,957
You Can Make a Difference!
https://www.facebook.com/SarahReedCC/videos/688624881843944
Upcoming Events
April 29th
Shop Talk: The Art of Psyc-Hairapy (10 a.m. – 3 p.m.) at Greater Calvary Full Gospel Baptist
Church, 2624 German Street in Erie
Getting to the root of trauma, suicide and mental health in the minority community – a
special training program for barbers & hair stylists. Sponsored by Sarah A. Reed Children’s
Center, Black & Brown Communities on Mental Health & Wellness and Greater Calvary Full
Gospel Baptist Church
May 11th
4th Annual Sarah’s Great Giveaway (11 a.m. – 1 p.m.) at Sarah Reed’s St. Ann’s Campus,
1020 East 10th Street in Erie
Sarah Reed Children’s Center collects new and gently used clothing, toys, household items,
small household appliances and more and distributes the items free to the community.
June 26th
2024 Alessi Levan Kebles Virtual Diversity Summit (more details to come)
This is the 4th annual day-long training event that focuses on a variety of topics relating to
diversity, and it is free and open to the public. This year’s keynote speaker will be Dr. Randal
Pinkett, chairman and CEO of BCT Partners. Dr. Pinkett has established himself as an
entrepreneur, speaker, author and scholar, and as a leading voice for his generation in
diversity, equity and inclusion (DEI).
Questions & Contact Info
Among the testimonials to Miss Reed, in the minutes of the
Board of Managers, are the following:
“She loved life.”
“She was interested in people for humanity’s sake.”
“She was a definite part of the fabric of this city.”
Tolearnmoreortoscheduleatour,pleasecontact:
GaryL. Bukowski, MA,CFRE
AssociateVPofDevelopment
(814)835-7602
GBukowski@SarahReed.org
Connectwithusonline:
www.SarahReed.org
www.facebook.com/SarahReedCC
www.linkedin.com/company/sarah-a-reed-children's-center/mycompany
Bibliography & Thanks
Bukowski, Gary L. “Mercyhurst College – The First Decade.” Journal of Erie Studies, Vol. V(2), Erie: Erie
County Historical Society and Museums, Fall 1976.
Frew, David and Jerry Skrypzak. The Rise and Fall of the Erie Extension Canal: From Packets to
Railroads, Manufacturing, and the Gilded Age. Erie: Jefferson Educational Society, 2016.
Garvey, William. Erie, Pennsylvania Mayors: 150 Years of Political History. Erie: Jefferson Educational
Society, 2017.
Gladwell, Malcolm. The Tipping Point. Boston: Back Bay Books, 2002.
Miller, John. A Twentieth Century History of Erie County Pennsylvania. Chicago: The Lewis Publishing
Co., 1909.
Muller, Mary M. A Town at Presque Isle: A Short History of Erie, Pennsylvania to 1980. Erie: Erie
County Historical Society and Museums, 1991.
Special thanks to the Hagen History Center staff for helping me find
some of the photos that are included in this presentation!
Bibliography Continued
Odenbach, Gerald R. “Sarah Ann Reed’s Charitable Contributions to Erie.” Journal of Erie Studies, Vol.
XXX(1), Erie: Erie County Historical Society and Museums, Spring 2001.
Pennsylvania State Senate Website: Morrow B. Lowry Biography (1813-1885)
https://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/BiosHistory/MemBio.cfm?ID=4956&body=S Taken from the
Philadelphia Inquirer, January 20, 1885.
Sanford, Laura G. History of Erie County Pennsylvania, From its First Settlement. Published by the
author, 1894.
Tenpas, Margaret. A Legacy of Caring: A Tribute to Sarah Reed. Erie: Made possible by a grant from the
Greater Erie Bicentennial Commission, 1995.
Torres, Karen. “Celebrating 150 Years of Sarah A. Reed.” Business Magazine, 4-6. Erie: Manufacturer &
Business Association, 2021.
Tupitza, Thomas A. “Sarah A. Reed: Doing Christ’s Work.” [Unpublished Manuscript]. Erie, 2006
Wellejus, Ed. Erie: Chronicle of a Great Lakes City. Albany: Windsor Publishing, 1980.
Welsh, Anne-Marie. “Stories of Philanthropy in Erie County.” The Journal of Erie Studies, Vol. 29 –
Special Edition, Erie: Erie County Historical Society and Museums, Summer 2000.

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Sarah A Reed: A Rennaissance Women her spirit lives one 153 Years Later

  • 1. Presented by: Gary L. Bukowski, MA, CFRE Associate VP of Development Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center Sarah A. Reed: A Renaissance Woman and How Her Spirit Lives on 153 Years Later April 3, 2024 ∙ 7:00 pm ∙ The Erie Torch Club
  • 2. Who Was Sarah A. Reed? • Sarah Ann Reed was born on March 16, 1838, in Ashtabula, OH, the eighth and final child born to William and Elizabeth Ingram Smith Reed. • Sarah Reed’s great-grandparents, Seth and Hannah Reed, arrived by sailing ship from Buffalo on July 1, 1795, and became the first family to settle in Erie. • Sarah’s great-uncle, Rufus Reed, built a residence in Erie at the corner of 7th and State Street, which would later become the first location of The Association for Improving the Conditions of the Poor and a Home for the Friendless. • Her many contributions to the Erie community and over 25 organizations spanned her lifetime, from 1838-1934. • Sarah’s main impact in the community is bookmarked from Post Civil War – the end of World War I, culminating in 62 years of devoted service as a foundress, volunteer, Board manager, vice president and president of Erie’s first non-denominational human services agency, Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center. Taken from A Legacy of Caring: A Tribute to Sarah A. Reed by Margaret L. Tenpas
  • 3. Sarah Reed’s Estate: East 10th & French
  • 4. Sarah A. Reed "She possessed a unique combination of talents: gentle without weakness; strong and courageous in convictions; serious in purpose; liberal in gifts; royal in hospitality; regal in leadership... with deep, essential spirituality... To be with her was to sit in the sun.“ ~Etta B. Schutte, a friend of Sarah's and Board Member of the Home Entrepreneur World Traveler Community Leader Author Connector Devoted Religious Servant Philanthropist Fundraiser Teacher Foundress
  • 5. Sarah A. Reed – The Connector in the Erie Community • The Tipping Point by Malcolm Gladwell – Connectors • Paul Revere & William Dawes – Law of the Few (April 18, 1775) • The speed of taking Mr. William Arbuckle’s idea of needing a welfare agency & home to the creation of The Association for Improving the Conditions of the Poor and a Home for the Friendless in less than two months! October 17, 1871: First Meeting November 2, 1871: Home in operation November 29, 1871: Charter granted & incorporated!
  • 6. Sarah A. Reed – A Philanthropist & Community Leader  Conducted evening classes for secretaries at her home, launching the first Businesswomen’s club in Erie  Involved with the Women’s Auxiliary of St. Paul’s Episcopal Church  Member of the Needlework Guild  Active in the League of Women Voters  Active in the Erie County Council of Republican Women  Active in the Erie Art Club  Member of the Young Women’s Christian Association  Active in the Presque Isle Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution -Sarah was the Chapter’s 3rd Regent (1907-1923)  Spearheaded the restoration of the Brig Niagara in 1913 (DAR)  Participated in the unveiling of the statue of George Washington in 1922 (DAR)  Involved in the Women’s Christian Temperance Union  Involved in the erection of the Soldiers & Sailors monument in Perry Square in 1872  Involved in the Social Consciousness Movement  Conducted Sunday School lessons in church for many years • Author of the following books: 1. My Grandmother’s Story and Other Stories 2. Romance of Arlington House 3. The Belated Passenger
  • 7. Sarah A. Reed – A Philanthropist, Fundraiser & Community Leader
  • 8. Sarah A. Reed – A Philanthropist, Fundraiser & Community Leader Aug. 30, 1922 (Waterford, PA) - Miss Sarah Reed, president of the Presque Isle Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution, pulled the coverings from the statue of George Washington as the crowd of 15,000 cheered. Sarah was deeply involved in bringing the Soldiers and Sailors monument to fruition in Perry Square in 1872, along with Helen Ball and Mrs. Isaac Moorhead. There is a line in her diary that reads, “I signed check for $9,388.84 payment in full for the monument.”
  • 9. Sarah A. Reed – A World Traveler 1911 - Sarah rides a camel during her visit to Egypt with The Great Sphinx and the Pyramids in the background. A 1909 travel diary also describes Sarah’s trip to Ireland, England and Scotland.
  • 10. Sarah A. Reed – A Devoted Religious Servant & Teacher “Miss Reed’s Study Class was very popular as a way of ‘continuing education,’ rather similar to the Chautauqua Literary and Scientific Circle. The ladies prepared research papers and met every Monday at Miss Reed’s home, taking turns reading them to the group. Among subjects of study: the Holy Land, Egypt, the Middle East and other Mediterranean countries.” ~Elizabeth Kellies, grand-daughter of Mary Dunlap Rees, a friend of Sarah’s & a member of the Study Class. 1879 – 1929: Sarah taught study classes to nearly 1,000 people (a Wednesday Study class on world cultures and literature, and beginning in 1887 she started a Monday Study class as well). The class home of “Miss Reed’s Monday Afternoon Study Class” – Photo circa 1928
  • 11. Sarah A. Reed – An Entrepreneur • Community Leader • Erie Extension Canal -In 1886, Sarah Reed purchased the north-south right-of-way that had previously been part of the Erie Extension Canal that had been lying fallow for several years after the canal went out of business in 1871 • Months later, the Pittsburgh steel group’s railroad leased the land from Sarah and built their new Pittsburgh, Shenango and Lake Erie Railroad line, which was later purchased by Andrew Carnegie in 1901 • Sarah inherited her entrepreneurial DNA from her uncle, Charles Manning Reed Gen. Charles Manning Reed
  • 12. • October 17, 1871: Creation of “The Association for Improving the Conditions of the Poor and a Home for the Friendless” • October 24, 1871: Offer by Gen. Charles Manning Reed made the use of the old family homestead of Rufus Reed available. • November 2, 1871: The ladies had the home in operation and began securing gifts of furniture and supplies from the community • November 7, 1871: The home is now operating with 4 children admitted and 2 more awaiting admission • November 29, 1871: Their formal charter is granted! The Beginning of Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center Atty. James C. Marshall Rufus Reed Gen. Charles Manning Reed
  • 13. Listing of All Founding Members: AssociationforImprovingtheConditionsofthePoorand aHomefortheFriendless Mrs. C.M. Reed Mrs. M.B. Lowry Mrs. I.B. Gara Mrs. W.A. Brown Mrs. William Bell Mrs. W.W. Dinsmore Miss M.C. Kilbourne Mrs. W.S. Brown Mrs. Henry Jarecki Miss S. Parkinson Miss L.G. Sanford Mrs. W.L. Scott Mrs. J.H. Neil Mrs. J.P. Longstreet Mrs. G.W. Starr Mrs. W.A. Galbraith Mrs. Bernard Hubley Mrs. S.S. Spencer Miss Sarah Reed Mrs. I.W. Hart Mrs. J.P. Vincent Mrs. S.A. Davenport Mrs. P. Metcalf Mrs. J.C. Marshall Mrs. E.W. Pollock Mrs. D.S. Clark Mrs. L.W. Shirk Mrs. P. Crouch Mrs. Miles W. Caughey Mrs. Robert Evans Laura Goodwin Sanford
  • 14. November29, 1871 The Beginning of Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center: Formal Charter
  • 15. The Beginning of Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center
  • 16. The Beginning of Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center • In 1871, churches and the Poor Board were the only organizations in Erie that offered assistance to city’s 20,000 residents • Mr. William Arbuckle, who served on the Poor Board, wanted to see a home established, especially for children in need. • On October 17, 1871, Sarah A. Reed, Laura Sanford, and 28 prominent Erie women met at the home of Atty. James C. Marshall to form The Association for Improving the Conditions of the Poor, and A Home for the Friendless * Two Divisions: The children and the “Old Ladies” • Their purpose was “to generally take care of the unfortunate and poor without regard to sect or religion” • They accepted boarders in addition to children who would be offered for adoption. Some women, left widows or deserted by husbands, wanted desperately to keep their children but needed to work • The boarding system allowed children to have good accommodations, remaining together until their mother could establish a home for them again 22nd & Sassafras Taken from A Legacy of Caring: A Tribute to Sarah A. Reed by Margaret L. Tenpas
  • 17. The Beginning of Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center • The cost at the time was $1.64 ½ per week, per “inmate” • Sarah enjoyed finding activities for both the children and the older ladies to participate in and frequently arranged for street car rides and picnics for the children. She entertained the older ladies at tea parties in her own home and hosted annual Christmas parties Taken from A Legacy of Caring: A Tribute to Sarah A. Reed by Margaret L. Tenpas
  • 18. Notes from the First Annual Report, Circa 1872 Operating Budget in 1871: $1,500/year Number of Children and Adults Served in 1871: 80 Stories of the First Individuals Who Were Helped by Sarah Reed: • “Recently we have received four motherless children. The father could not stay with them at home, being depended upon his daily labor for support. How much better to place them here, under the care of our efficient Matron, than to separate them…” • “Then Oscar was thrust upon us; and who that saw or attempted to care for that mischievous, naughty, lovable boy, can ever forget him? His was a strong nature that could be controlled only by love, and we are thankful that he has been adopted into a family whose influences, we believe, will develop his better qualities. They write of their attachment to him and desire to retain him.” • “A woman and her infant here, for a short time, found shelter and food.”
  • 19. The Center Moves to the Marine Hospital: April 10, 1872 - October 1875 1872: The Home moved to the Marine Hospital (known today as the PA Soldiers & Sailors Home). Average in residence: 15
  • 20. Hon. Morrow B. Lowry Gifts Gaggin Property at 22nd & Sassafras in 1875
  • 21. Hon. Morrow B. Lowry Gifts Gaggin Property at 22nd & Sassafras in Sept 1875 Portrait of Hon. Morrow B. Lowry that hangs in the hallway at Sarah Reed Senior Living. It was painted by Calista Gara, the second president of our agency, in appreciation for all that M.B. Lowry had done and continued to do for the Home for the Friendless. Cornerstone ceremony took place October 18, 1875. Property valued at $10,000 - $15,000 at the time.
  • 22. The Home Operates for 86 Years at the Gaggin House (1875-1961)
  • 23. Early Days: Sarah Reed Senior Living By 1953 the name change of the home became visible. The old name plate “Home for the Friendless” came down from the Children’s Home. The words “Old Ladies Home” carved over its entrance was removed and the new sign mounted, “Sarah A. Reed Home.” Taken from A Legacy of Caring: A Tribute to Sarah A. Reed by Margaret L. Tenpas
  • 24. Erie’s Oldest Non-Denominational Human Services Agency • Sarah Reed was involved in this organization for 62 years and served as President for 45 years (1889-1934). In 1921, the Home for the Friendless celebrated it’s 50th Anniversary. Sarah was 83 at the time and continued in her role as president for another 12 years until her death in 1934. • It was renamed Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center in 1936 in honor of Sarah Reed’s contributions, a change she would not allow during her lifetime • Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center is the oldest non-denominational human services agency in Erie • In 1961, the Children's Center opened its main campus in Millcreek Township where treatment could be provided for children with emotional, social, learning and behavioral problems Taken from A Legacy of Caring: A Tribute to Sarah A. Reed by Margaret L. Tenpas
  • 25. Our Agency Begins Transformation Into Two Nonprofits • Until 1954, our Board managed the work of both the children’s home and the adult residence • But the Welfare Council of Erie County and the PA Department of Public Welfare both advocated for separate Boards • Decision made in 1958 leading to the formation of the Sarah Reed Corporation with two separate facilities, one for the children (known as the Children’s Center) and one for the adults (known as Sarah Reed Senior Living). Each with 24 members. • Major decisions needed to be made as the two homes took on their own identities and specialized staff (in the 1960s)
  • 26. Sarah Reed Senior Living Today
  • 27. Accelerating the Transformation Into Two Nonprofits • 1959 – Department of Labor & Industry made requirements for alterations to the Children’s Home at a prohibitive cost • State Department of Welfare’s recommendation to build new cottages for the children in keeping with child welfare practices and following the recommendations of the community study of child welfare needs by the welfare council that a new program for housing facilities be undertaken • 6.5 acres of land at Bradford & Highland Street were purchased, and 2 cottages and an administration building were built. Nelson, Goldberg & Heidt prepared drawings, estimating costs to be $300,000. • Funds were voted from the endowment fund, which had grown to $1,395,695. Work begins! • Ground broken in 1960 and the Children’s Center opened its doors in 1961 • Instead of “homeless children,” this facility serves children with mental health and emotional challenges requiring 24/7 residential treatment
  • 28. The Children’s Home Moves to Current Millcreek Location in 1961 Residential Treatment Program: 2445 West 34th Street ∙ Erie, PA 16506
  • 29. Erie’s Oldest Non-Denominational Human Services Agency • By 1978, all children referred to the Sarah Reed Residential Treatment Program required specialized mental health treatment, thus ushering in a new era of services designed for children. • In 1986, two independent non-profit corporations formed as Sarah Reed Children's Center and Sarah Reed Senior Living. • The endowment fund was split between the two agencies.
  • 30. Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center Today
  • 31. Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center: Then & Now (Residential Campus)
  • 32. Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center: Residential & Ridgefield Campuses
  • 33. Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center: Hamilton Campus Purchased in 2012 for $876,175 (4.6 acres)
  • 34. 7 Locations Throughout Erie County • Administrative Offices & Residential Treatment Facility 2445 West 34th Street • Erie, PA 16506 • Ridgefield Campus – Residential School 3227 Highland Road • Erie, PA 16506 • Hamilton Campus 2931 Harvard Road • Erie, PA 16508 – Acute Partial Hospitalization Program – Partial Hospitalization Program • St. Ann’s Campus 1020 East 10th Street • Erie, PA 16503 – Sanctuary® Education for Learning Fundamentals (SELF) – Sanctuary® Based Learning Program (SBLP) • Outpatient Behavioral Health Services 1611 Peach Street, Suite 185 • Erie, PA 16501 • Emerson-Gridley Campus 816 South Park Avenue • Erie, PA 16502 – Bridges West Alternative Education Program (BAEP) • East Middle School 1001 Atkins Street • Erie, PA 16503 – Bridges East Alternative Education Program (BAEP)
  • 35. Celebrating 150 Years: The Children’s Center & Sarah Reed Senior Living Adrienne Dixon, Ph.D. President/CEO Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center Gale Magyar, NHA, CASP Former Executive Director Sarah Reed Senior Living
  • 36. Fast Facts Today our programs and services help children and adolescents who are working to overcome emotional, mental and behavioral health challenges, many of whom have suffered varying levels of trauma • Number of Children & Adolescents Served: 1,700 Annually • Age Range: 3-18 years • Average Number of Staff: 285 • FY 23-24 Operating Budget: $20M • Licenses & Accreditations: Sarah Reed is fully licensed by the PA Department of Public Welfare and accredited by the Joint Commission for Accreditation on Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO). The agency also runs a doctoral internship program that is accredited by the American Psychological Association (APA). • Sanctuary® Model: Cutting-edge therapy method that was developed by Dr. Sandra Bloom. Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center was one of the first agencies to adopt this model and become a Sanctuary®-certified organization. Seven Commitments of Sanctuary: 1. Non-Violence 2. Emotional Intelligence 3. Inquiry & Social Learning 4. Shared Governance 5. Open Communication 6. Social Responsibility 7. Growth & Change
  • 37. Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center Outpatient Behavioral Health Services: -Individual and Family Therapy -Parent-Child Interaction Therapy -Psychological Assessment Clinic -Intensive Behavioral Health Services -Medication Management - Community & School-Based Behavioral Health Programs - Re-focus rooms in multiple Erie County school districts -School-Based Outpatient Program at Harbor Creek School District -Iroquois Specialized Student Support Intervention -Iroquois School District Medicine Management Clinic -Mobile Mental Health Therapy in collaboration with the Mercy Center for Women School-based therapeutic services provided to students in all 13 Erie County school districts along with Crawford Central School District and Warren County School District
  • 38. How to Measure the Lives You Touch "It is easy to estimate the value of the property and tell of the thoroughly organized institution that has grown out of a venture of faith. But who can estimate the good it has done or follow its far reaching influences? Volumes would not tell the story of all the lives it has helped.“ Miss Sarah A. Reed As Sarah used to say…
  • 39. How Our Agency is Making a Difference “My husband and I were very impressed by how life-changing Sarah Reed’s Parent- Child Interaction Therapy is. The therapist helped us communicate more effectively with our daughter and really helped bridge the gap that existed in our relationship with her. She responded better to us with everything we asked of her.” ~ A parent who participated in Parent-Child Interaction Therapy at Sarah Reed’s Outpatient Behavioral Health Program “I am so happy my son attended Sarah Reed. I see a positive change in him at home and in his school reports – I am very grateful!” ~ Parent of a student in the SELF Program at Sarah Reed’s St. Ann’s Campus "I cannot thank all of the staff at Sarah Reed enough. You have made me realize that I am so much more than my diagnoses. Before coming here, I had no ambition to keep going. I thought, ‘What is the point of anything?’ But now that thought barely crosses my mind. I am so grateful that none of you gave up on me. Even when my OWN family could care less about if I gave up or not, none of the staff here would let me, and I am eternally grateful for that.” ~ K.V., a student who graduation from Sarah Reed’s Partial Hospitalization Program at the Hamilton Campus
  • 40. Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center • Since 2018 Sarah Reed’s Residential Treatment Program has served 783 children from 54 counties across Pennsylvania.
  • 41. Sarah Reed’s Role in Erie’s Comprehensive Plan Courtesy of Erie Refocused: The City of Erie’s Comprehensive Plan and Community Decision-Making Guide, March 2016
  • 42. Exciting New Developments • Built fifth residence hall, James N. Herr Hall – dedicated January 19, 2019 • Sanctuary for Integrated Health & Wellness Park at Hamilton Campus (completed) • 150th Anniversary Expansion Plans for the Main Residential Campus • 150th Anniversary Technological Initiative - $326,423 raised of $300,000 goal! James N. Herr Hall Sanctuary for Integrated Health & Wellness Park 150th Anniversary Expansion Plans 150th Anniversary Technological Initiative
  • 43. New Sensory Room at Hamilton Campus & Addition of 13 Calming Classrooms Calming Classrooms Sensory Room
  • 44. St. Ann’s School: The Early Years
  • 45. St. Ann’s School: The Fire of 1945
  • 46. Plans for the New St. Ann’s School May 25, 1945
  • 47. St. Ann’s Campus Enhancement: Phase 1 COMPLETED Total Improvements Since May 2022: $504,000 New Heating, Ventilation & Air Conditioning System New Classroom & Office Furniture Technology for the Students & Classrooms 2022 Pulaski-Lighthouse Summer Youth Program IT Infrastructure Upgrades
  • 48. St. Ann’s Campus: Sanctuary Garden Transformation BEFORE (May ‘22)… AFTER (Jul ‘22)!
  • 49. St. Ann’s Campus: Library Enhancements BEFORE… AFTER!
  • 50. The Importance of Our St. Ann’s Library “Beginning the school year, the building’s library was underwhelming. Moving back to our little school building after being in a centralized location meant that our books were lost to various moves. We were so excited to have an opportunity to be donated books from multiple genres and interest points, especially for a group of students that are reluctant to read in the first place! We were able to add in literature that piqued the interest of students who refused to open the pages of a book and make an attempt. The addition of these high interest options brought a great deal of excitement to our student population and had teenagers who hadn’t read a single book during the year reading avidly!” Liz Brown, a clinical instructor at our St. Ann’s Campus
  • 51. Current Major Fundraising Projects StatusasofMarch28,2024 St. Ann’s Campus Enhancement: Phase #2 Current Goal: $690,957
  • 52. You Can Make a Difference! https://www.facebook.com/SarahReedCC/videos/688624881843944
  • 53. Upcoming Events April 29th Shop Talk: The Art of Psyc-Hairapy (10 a.m. – 3 p.m.) at Greater Calvary Full Gospel Baptist Church, 2624 German Street in Erie Getting to the root of trauma, suicide and mental health in the minority community – a special training program for barbers & hair stylists. Sponsored by Sarah A. Reed Children’s Center, Black & Brown Communities on Mental Health & Wellness and Greater Calvary Full Gospel Baptist Church May 11th 4th Annual Sarah’s Great Giveaway (11 a.m. – 1 p.m.) at Sarah Reed’s St. Ann’s Campus, 1020 East 10th Street in Erie Sarah Reed Children’s Center collects new and gently used clothing, toys, household items, small household appliances and more and distributes the items free to the community. June 26th 2024 Alessi Levan Kebles Virtual Diversity Summit (more details to come) This is the 4th annual day-long training event that focuses on a variety of topics relating to diversity, and it is free and open to the public. This year’s keynote speaker will be Dr. Randal Pinkett, chairman and CEO of BCT Partners. Dr. Pinkett has established himself as an entrepreneur, speaker, author and scholar, and as a leading voice for his generation in diversity, equity and inclusion (DEI).
  • 54. Questions & Contact Info Among the testimonials to Miss Reed, in the minutes of the Board of Managers, are the following: “She loved life.” “She was interested in people for humanity’s sake.” “She was a definite part of the fabric of this city.” Tolearnmoreortoscheduleatour,pleasecontact: GaryL. Bukowski, MA,CFRE AssociateVPofDevelopment (814)835-7602 GBukowski@SarahReed.org Connectwithusonline: www.SarahReed.org www.facebook.com/SarahReedCC www.linkedin.com/company/sarah-a-reed-children's-center/mycompany
  • 55. Bibliography & Thanks Bukowski, Gary L. “Mercyhurst College – The First Decade.” Journal of Erie Studies, Vol. V(2), Erie: Erie County Historical Society and Museums, Fall 1976. Frew, David and Jerry Skrypzak. The Rise and Fall of the Erie Extension Canal: From Packets to Railroads, Manufacturing, and the Gilded Age. Erie: Jefferson Educational Society, 2016. Garvey, William. Erie, Pennsylvania Mayors: 150 Years of Political History. Erie: Jefferson Educational Society, 2017. Gladwell, Malcolm. The Tipping Point. Boston: Back Bay Books, 2002. Miller, John. A Twentieth Century History of Erie County Pennsylvania. Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Co., 1909. Muller, Mary M. A Town at Presque Isle: A Short History of Erie, Pennsylvania to 1980. Erie: Erie County Historical Society and Museums, 1991. Special thanks to the Hagen History Center staff for helping me find some of the photos that are included in this presentation!
  • 56. Bibliography Continued Odenbach, Gerald R. “Sarah Ann Reed’s Charitable Contributions to Erie.” Journal of Erie Studies, Vol. XXX(1), Erie: Erie County Historical Society and Museums, Spring 2001. Pennsylvania State Senate Website: Morrow B. Lowry Biography (1813-1885) https://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/BiosHistory/MemBio.cfm?ID=4956&body=S Taken from the Philadelphia Inquirer, January 20, 1885. Sanford, Laura G. History of Erie County Pennsylvania, From its First Settlement. Published by the author, 1894. Tenpas, Margaret. A Legacy of Caring: A Tribute to Sarah Reed. Erie: Made possible by a grant from the Greater Erie Bicentennial Commission, 1995. Torres, Karen. “Celebrating 150 Years of Sarah A. Reed.” Business Magazine, 4-6. Erie: Manufacturer & Business Association, 2021. Tupitza, Thomas A. “Sarah A. Reed: Doing Christ’s Work.” [Unpublished Manuscript]. Erie, 2006 Wellejus, Ed. Erie: Chronicle of a Great Lakes City. Albany: Windsor Publishing, 1980. Welsh, Anne-Marie. “Stories of Philanthropy in Erie County.” The Journal of Erie Studies, Vol. 29 – Special Edition, Erie: Erie County Historical Society and Museums, Summer 2000.