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Systems, Applications and Products(SAP)
What is SAP?
SAP is Enterprise Resource Planning(ERP) software developed by the German
company SAP SE. SAP incorporates the key business functions of an organization. It
is written in C, C++, ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming).
History of SAP
SAP founded in 1972
by five IBM engineers
Hoop, Wellenreuther,
Hector, Tschira and
Plattner.
First version of SAP
launched in 1972
known as “R*/1”
system. It was one tier
architecture. Three
layers PAD* installed
in one server.
Second version of SAP
released in 1979
known as “R/2”. It was
two tier architecture
in which three layers
PAD* installed in two
separate servers.
Upgraded to “R/3”.
Three tier architecture
in which three layers
PAD* are installed in
three server.
*Notes
 “R” stands for real time Data Processing.
 PAD Presentation, Application and Database.
SAP R/3 Architecture
3 layers of R/3 Architecture
Presentation Application Database
It is a layer where user
work with SAP GUI. It
interacts with database
layer via application layer.
It interacts between
presentation layer and
database layer.
It is a central database that
stores all the data of ERP
SAP systems.
Why SAP R/3
Architecture has been
successful
Multi-Lingual Secure Information Multi-Currency Best Business Practice Enterprise Wide
Real time processing
with an integrated
suite of client/server
applications
Products offered by SAP
Products of
SAP:
SAP R/3 and
R/3 Enterprise
my SAP
Business Suite
SAP ERP
SAP Industry
Solutions
SAP xApps
SAP Solution
Manager
Project
Preparation
Business
Blueprint
Realization
Final
Preparation
Go Live &
Support
Continuous
Improvement
Phases of SAP Implementation Project
Phase 1 Phase2 Phase 3 Phase 4 Phase 5 Phase 6
Large Companies
Spend $50 million to
$100 million on
upgrades. Full
implementation of all
SAP modules can take
years which also adds to
the end price.
Deployment and Maintenance Cost of SAP
Mid-Size Companies Large Companies
Spend around $10 million to
$20 million on
implementation of SAP.
They are not likely to
implement fully integrated
SAP ERP system unless they
have likelihood of becoming
Mid-Sized company.
Notes:
 Deployment and maintenance costs of a SAP solution can vary depending on the organization.
 Deploying SAP itself can also involve a lot of time and resources.
Modules of SAP
SAP
Modules
Functional
Modules
Technical
Modules
Some important Functional Modules of SAP
FICO stands for FI(Financial Accounting) and CO(Controlling). It is the important module of ERP
and both Finance and Controlling modules stores the Financial transactions data.
SAP MM(Material Management) is one of the important module in SAP ERP and it supports the
procurement and inventory functions occurring in day-to-day business operations.
SAP FICO
SAP MM
SAP PP
SAP PP(Production Planning) module is used to plan and control the manufacturing activities of
the company.
SAP SD SAP SD(Sales & Distribution) is the important module of SAP and it is a part of its logistics.
SAP HCM(Human Capital Management) manages complete employee life cycle and payroll.
All aspects are covered from training to appraisal.SAP HCM
Some important Technical Modules of SAP
Technical
Modules
SAP Basis SAP ABAP
SAP BI &
BW
SAP Net
Weaver
SAP HANA
SAP Basis
 SAP Basis is basically concerned with application layer of the three layers of R/3.
(Presentation layer, Application layer and Server layer). Basis emphasizes the administration
of RDBMS (Relational Database Management System), client-server architecture and SAP
GUI.
 Basis team is responsible to install, configure, update, patch, migrate, troubleshoot any
technical problem on SAP system to ensure system runs smoothly. They are system
administrator.
SAP ABAP(Advanced Business Application Programming), it is a programming language
in which codes are written. ABAP runs on the application layer of R/3 system.
SAP ABAP
SAP BI & BW
 SAP BW(Business Warehouse) is home to all data in which data from various
geographies/sources collected at one source.
 SAP BI(Business Intelligence) is used to clean the data collected in SAP BW to remove
redundancy/duplicity from it. Then data is aggregated and made uniform which can
be used for generating meaning full report out of it.
SAP Net Weaver
SAP Net Weaver provides a common platform where various applications/ servers
can be integrated so that various applications and servers can interact with each
other to run business effectively.
SAP HANA
SAP HANA is an in-memory computing appliance that combines SAP database software with
pre-tuned server, storage, and networking hardware from one of several SAP hardware
partners. It is designed to support real-time analytic and transactional processing.
Advantages of SAP
SAP manages the business management tasks in modules that all
work together in one system by sharing information.
Promoting consistent practice across entire division.
No duplicate data.
Automate Project Monitoring and Multi Dimensional and Flexible
Reporting.
Standardization of Business Process.
Make Planning, Scheduling, Tracking and Management easier
leaving more time for you to perform value-added work.
Ability to provide clear cut job roles with authorizations.
Enabling integration with E-Commerce.
Cost savings on overheads such as stationery, file storage etc.

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Sap- An Overview

  • 2. What is SAP? SAP is Enterprise Resource Planning(ERP) software developed by the German company SAP SE. SAP incorporates the key business functions of an organization. It is written in C, C++, ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming).
  • 3. History of SAP SAP founded in 1972 by five IBM engineers Hoop, Wellenreuther, Hector, Tschira and Plattner. First version of SAP launched in 1972 known as “R*/1” system. It was one tier architecture. Three layers PAD* installed in one server. Second version of SAP released in 1979 known as “R/2”. It was two tier architecture in which three layers PAD* installed in two separate servers. Upgraded to “R/3”. Three tier architecture in which three layers PAD* are installed in three server. *Notes  “R” stands for real time Data Processing.  PAD Presentation, Application and Database.
  • 4. SAP R/3 Architecture 3 layers of R/3 Architecture Presentation Application Database It is a layer where user work with SAP GUI. It interacts with database layer via application layer. It interacts between presentation layer and database layer. It is a central database that stores all the data of ERP SAP systems. Why SAP R/3 Architecture has been successful Multi-Lingual Secure Information Multi-Currency Best Business Practice Enterprise Wide Real time processing with an integrated suite of client/server applications
  • 5. Products offered by SAP Products of SAP: SAP R/3 and R/3 Enterprise my SAP Business Suite SAP ERP SAP Industry Solutions SAP xApps SAP Solution Manager
  • 6. Project Preparation Business Blueprint Realization Final Preparation Go Live & Support Continuous Improvement Phases of SAP Implementation Project Phase 1 Phase2 Phase 3 Phase 4 Phase 5 Phase 6
  • 7. Large Companies Spend $50 million to $100 million on upgrades. Full implementation of all SAP modules can take years which also adds to the end price. Deployment and Maintenance Cost of SAP Mid-Size Companies Large Companies Spend around $10 million to $20 million on implementation of SAP. They are not likely to implement fully integrated SAP ERP system unless they have likelihood of becoming Mid-Sized company. Notes:  Deployment and maintenance costs of a SAP solution can vary depending on the organization.  Deploying SAP itself can also involve a lot of time and resources.
  • 9. FICO stands for FI(Financial Accounting) and CO(Controlling). It is the important module of ERP and both Finance and Controlling modules stores the Financial transactions data. SAP MM(Material Management) is one of the important module in SAP ERP and it supports the procurement and inventory functions occurring in day-to-day business operations. SAP FICO SAP MM SAP PP SAP PP(Production Planning) module is used to plan and control the manufacturing activities of the company. SAP SD SAP SD(Sales & Distribution) is the important module of SAP and it is a part of its logistics. SAP HCM(Human Capital Management) manages complete employee life cycle and payroll. All aspects are covered from training to appraisal.SAP HCM
  • 10. Some important Technical Modules of SAP Technical Modules SAP Basis SAP ABAP SAP BI & BW SAP Net Weaver SAP HANA SAP Basis  SAP Basis is basically concerned with application layer of the three layers of R/3. (Presentation layer, Application layer and Server layer). Basis emphasizes the administration of RDBMS (Relational Database Management System), client-server architecture and SAP GUI.  Basis team is responsible to install, configure, update, patch, migrate, troubleshoot any technical problem on SAP system to ensure system runs smoothly. They are system administrator. SAP ABAP(Advanced Business Application Programming), it is a programming language in which codes are written. ABAP runs on the application layer of R/3 system. SAP ABAP
  • 11. SAP BI & BW  SAP BW(Business Warehouse) is home to all data in which data from various geographies/sources collected at one source.  SAP BI(Business Intelligence) is used to clean the data collected in SAP BW to remove redundancy/duplicity from it. Then data is aggregated and made uniform which can be used for generating meaning full report out of it. SAP Net Weaver SAP Net Weaver provides a common platform where various applications/ servers can be integrated so that various applications and servers can interact with each other to run business effectively. SAP HANA SAP HANA is an in-memory computing appliance that combines SAP database software with pre-tuned server, storage, and networking hardware from one of several SAP hardware partners. It is designed to support real-time analytic and transactional processing.
  • 12. Advantages of SAP SAP manages the business management tasks in modules that all work together in one system by sharing information. Promoting consistent practice across entire division. No duplicate data. Automate Project Monitoring and Multi Dimensional and Flexible Reporting. Standardization of Business Process. Make Planning, Scheduling, Tracking and Management easier leaving more time for you to perform value-added work. Ability to provide clear cut job roles with authorizations. Enabling integration with E-Commerce. Cost savings on overheads such as stationery, file storage etc.