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SANITARY FITTING
• The following sanitary fitting are 
commonly used in buildings, for efficient 
collection and removal to the house 
drain: 
1. Wash basins 
2. Sinks 
3. Bath tubs 
4. Water closets 
5. Urinals 
6. Flashing cisterns
Wash basins 
A wash basin is usually made of pottery or white 
glazed earthware or enamelled 
iron, etc. Sometimes, they are also made of 
pressed steel or plastic. 
There are two types of wash basins - the flat back 
and the angle back. 
An ordinary wash basin is mounted on brackets 
fixed on wall. While a pedestal type basin is 
mounted on pedestal rising from wall. They are 
available in different shapes and sizes.
Standard sizes for flat back wash basins are 
630 x 450 mm 
550 x 400 mm 
450 x 300 mm 
Standard sizes for angle back wash basins are 
600 x 480 mm 
400 x 400 mm 
 It has oval shaped bowl. with overflow slot at 
the top, The waste pipe with a metallic 
strainer is provided at the bottom of the bowl.
Reference :- Google image
Reference :- Google image
Sinks 
A sink is a rectangular basin used in kitchen or 
laboratory for cleaning utensils, and glasswares. 
These may be made of glazed 
earthware, stainless steel or enamelled pressed 
steel. 
The sink has an outlet usually of about 40 mm 
diameter. 
The outlet pipe discharges water over a floor trap 
or nahni trap.
The mouth of outlet pipe is provided with grating 
of bras or nickel so that the entry of coarse solid 
substances is prevented. 
Common sizes of kitchen sinks: 
600 x 400 x 150 mm 
600 x 450 x 250 mm 
750 x 450 x 250 mm 
Common sizes for laboratory sinks: 
400 x 250 x 150 mm 
450 x 300 x 150 mm 
600 x 400 x 200 mm
Reference :- Google image
Reference :- Google image
Bath tubs 
• Bath tubs are usually made of iron or steel 
coated with enamel, enamelled porcelain or 
of plastic. They may be parallel sides or with 
tapering sides. 
• the usual dimensions of both tub are: 
length : 1.7 to 1.85 m 
width : 0.70 to 0.75 m 
depth : 0.6 m
Reference :- Google image
Reference :- Google image
Water closets (W/C) 
A water closet is a sanitary fitting which is 
designed to receive human excreta directly 
and convey to the septic tank or underground 
sewer through a trap. 
It is usually connected to a flushing cistern to 
flush the closet and discharge the human 
excrete to the soil pipe.
• The water closets are of three type : 
1) Indian type 
2) European type 
3) Anglo- Indian type
Reference :- Google image

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Sanitary fitting

  • 2. • The following sanitary fitting are commonly used in buildings, for efficient collection and removal to the house drain: 1. Wash basins 2. Sinks 3. Bath tubs 4. Water closets 5. Urinals 6. Flashing cisterns
  • 3. Wash basins A wash basin is usually made of pottery or white glazed earthware or enamelled iron, etc. Sometimes, they are also made of pressed steel or plastic. There are two types of wash basins - the flat back and the angle back. An ordinary wash basin is mounted on brackets fixed on wall. While a pedestal type basin is mounted on pedestal rising from wall. They are available in different shapes and sizes.
  • 4. Standard sizes for flat back wash basins are 630 x 450 mm 550 x 400 mm 450 x 300 mm Standard sizes for angle back wash basins are 600 x 480 mm 400 x 400 mm  It has oval shaped bowl. with overflow slot at the top, The waste pipe with a metallic strainer is provided at the bottom of the bowl.
  • 7. Sinks A sink is a rectangular basin used in kitchen or laboratory for cleaning utensils, and glasswares. These may be made of glazed earthware, stainless steel or enamelled pressed steel. The sink has an outlet usually of about 40 mm diameter. The outlet pipe discharges water over a floor trap or nahni trap.
  • 8. The mouth of outlet pipe is provided with grating of bras or nickel so that the entry of coarse solid substances is prevented. Common sizes of kitchen sinks: 600 x 400 x 150 mm 600 x 450 x 250 mm 750 x 450 x 250 mm Common sizes for laboratory sinks: 400 x 250 x 150 mm 450 x 300 x 150 mm 600 x 400 x 200 mm
  • 11. Bath tubs • Bath tubs are usually made of iron or steel coated with enamel, enamelled porcelain or of plastic. They may be parallel sides or with tapering sides. • the usual dimensions of both tub are: length : 1.7 to 1.85 m width : 0.70 to 0.75 m depth : 0.6 m
  • 14. Water closets (W/C) A water closet is a sanitary fitting which is designed to receive human excreta directly and convey to the septic tank or underground sewer through a trap. It is usually connected to a flushing cistern to flush the closet and discharge the human excrete to the soil pipe.
  • 15. • The water closets are of three type : 1) Indian type 2) European type 3) Anglo- Indian type