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Sanchez Case Analysis Paper
Case Analysis Paper of the Sanchez Case Student's Name Institutional Affiliation Case Analysis
Paper of the Sanchez Case Introduction Human development is a continuous process of maturing.
When one examines the photographs of how they were when they were children and compare it to
how they are now, they will notice many differences such as height and weight among others. There
have been many studies focused on describing the human development and specifically human
behavior in a social environment. The studies show that there are many factors that affect human
development including biological, environmental, cultural and psychological factors. Throughout an
individual's life, environmental factors influence their natural ... Show more content on
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The approach is based on the idea that an individual's activities occurs in a cultural context and can
be best understood in their historical development (Kagitcibasi, 2012). Vygotsky developed this
theory with the intent of coming up with a way to explain human behavior. The theory examined
various subjects including the psychology of art, thought and language; and also focused on
education of students with special needs. Vygotsky believed that caregivers, parents, peers, and
culture at large play an important role in developing an individual's higher order functions. There
are various modern time interpretations of this theory with one focused on explaining human
development. In this context, the sociocultural theory explains that learning is a social process and
the society makes a significant contribution to individual development. The theory states that
learning is based on interactions with other people and once this has happened, the information is
then incorporated on a personal level (Hutchison,
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Language As An International Language Essay
In line with the trend of globalization and the growing recognition of language as resource, English
as an international language has increasingly attracted ESL learners across the world to study in the
United States. While international ESL learners collectively contribute to the diversity of education
on the macro level, they bring their distinctive identities into each classroom on the micro level.
Situated in a multicultural learning environment, learners constantly represent and negotiate their
identities through classroom interaction with other participants. Investigating participants' identities
is significant because it not only provides valuable insights of applying humanistic education
principles to ESL teaching and designing (Elias & Marriam, 2005), but informs teachers of potential
chances and barriers that particular individuals or groups confront (Gutowska, 2014). In this paper, I
analyze a three–minute classroom discourse to demonstrate how participants' identities can be
constructed, negotiated, and reconstructed through interaction in an intermediate–level adult ESL
classroom.
Conceptual Orientation
Adopting a sociocultural approach, I conceptualize language learning as a socially constructed
activity, where a teacher should question how participants' identities are shaping or shaped by the
context. While identity is frequently characterized as a social construct, the critical dimension of
individuality should also be considered. Burke and Sets (2009)
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The Sides Of Imperialism And Its Effects On Colonialism
Andres Rodriguez
1/21/16
Mr.Calabrese
Modern World History
Imperialism Essay
"If you go back to 1800, everybody was poor. I mean everybody. The Industrial Revolution kicked
in, and a lot of countries benefited, but by no means everyone." –Bill Gates. The Industrial
revolution led to huge advantages for Europe, which made it easier to conquer smaller, less
technologically developed nations. They advanced in military technology, industrial technology, and
medicinal technology. In the context of how the Industrial revolution impacted colonialism, it gave
Europe transportation, unifying places to trade with other parts of the world.The industrial
revolution led to a vast explosion of wealth for Europe, which made them able to invest more
money into their armies, expanding their ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The desperate need for revenue in the absence of an well working tax–collecting bureaucracy
pushed European royals into an unusual alliance with their merchant classes. Groups of merchant
capitalists had a chance to be granted "special" privileges, monopolies, or even tax–collecting
responsibilities. It was because of this that it was in the interest of governments to actively
encourage commerce and innovation.(831–832) Its policy of religious toleration, formally
established in 1688, welcomed people with technical skills regardless of their faith. The British
government favored men of business kept out cheap Indian textiles, with laws that made it easy to
form companies and to forbid worker's unions, with roads and canals that helped create a unified
market.(834) The British aristocracy declined as a result because Industrial Revolution, as have
large landowners in every industrial society. As urban wealth became more important, landed
aristocrats had to make way for the up–and–coming businessmen, manufacturers, and bankers,
newly enriched by the Industrial revolution.
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The Influence Of The Industrial Revolution
The nineteenth century saw the rise and spread of the Industrial Revolution throughout Europe. As
we learned in class lecture, there were a number of factors contributed to Britain's role as the
birthplace of the Industrial Revolution. For one, it had great deposits of coal and iron ore, which
proved essential for industrialization. Additionally, Britain was a politically stable society, as well as
the world's leading colonial power, which meant its colonies could serve as a source for raw
materials, as well as a marketplace for manufactured goods. The literature of the Industrial
Revolution includes essays, fiction, and poetry that respond to the enormous growth of technology
as well as the labor and demographic changes it fostered. A notable work of this period,
Frankenstein by Mary Shelley in many ways serves as a metaphor for this pivotal landmark
transitional period in civilization. To borrow a line from Karl Marx, "a spectre was haunting
Europe." But for Mary Shelley, that spectre was not communism, it was the Industrial Revolution.
The nineteenth century world was changing. Europe countries were leading the forces of the
Industrial Revolution, or the transition from primarily agricultural to modernized, technology–based
societies. It was a breathtakingly changing time. Innovation was driving the way forward and
impacting almost every aspect of human life, from where people lived (cities and towns versus the
countryside) to how people worked (factories and offices versus farms) to how many children were
born (many versus only a few). While the Industrial Revolution was growing, there was also a
movement with art called Romanticism. Mary Shelley was one of the leading artists within this
movement. Like many other Romantics, Shelley celebrated the beauty and power of nature. She
feared the consequences of industrialization on nature and the humans whose body, mind, and spirit
depend on the natural world. In this way, Shelley's story of Victor Frankenstein and his monstrous
creation might be seen as a warning against reckless progress, a glimpse of where the Industrial
Revolution, if not undertaken wisely, may lead. In her novel, Shelley acknowledges the benefits of
modern innovation. However, she also
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The Cultural Point Of View
Psychologists use a wide range of ways to deal with, comprehend and clarify human behavior. The
social/cultural point of view otherwise called sociocultural, is one method used to grasp why people
act the way they do. This method looks to comprehend human behavior and identity improvement
by inspecting the standards of the social gatherings and subgroups in which the individual is a part
of. (Nevid, 2003) These principles are regularly unwritten rules that assist to direct a person's
activities. Race and ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, social class, family conventions, associate
gatherings, and age are a portion of the subgroups that may impact somebody 's behavior. (Ellyson,
et al., 2014) The sociocultural method is stating that individuals behave a certain way due to their
social and cultural connection. Individuals are influenced by other individuals they are around on a
regular basis. Social forces are very influential in determining the behavior of individuals; however,
they are frequently overlooked or underestimated. (Ellyson, et al., 2014) This perspective asks
questions about why we obey people with authority, how we enter and maintain relationships, and
what standards we consider appropriate, such as gender roles. The social/cultural viewpoint
additionally advises us that we are impacted by components that are more extensive, yet generally
as essential. (Nevid, 2003) By setting the investigation of the person in his or her cultural and social
connection, a
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Gellner
Ernest Gellner
Ernest Gellner is widely seen as one of the most important theorists in the study of nationalism.
Gellner was introduced to nationalism and identity politics during his youth. As a Jewish Czech,
Gellner was forced to leave his home in 1939, fleeing Prague for England in the wake of Hitler's
takeover of Czechoslovakia. Upon his return to Prague after the war, he found a much changed city
that had lost most of its multiculturalism. Not feeling at home, Gellner went back to England to
pursue an academic career. From his experience as an 'outsider', he develops his first thoughts on
identity politics and nationalism. For Gellner, nationalism is the imposition of a high culture on
society replacing local, low cultures and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Yet, there is an argument to be made that the structure of Chinese society remains largely familial
and rural. As well, the increasing income gap between the average Chinese citizen and members of
the elite class has led some to question whether Chinese society is returning to a pseudo–feudalistic
structure. Thus, despite Gellner's belief that the social makeup of an agrarian society is incompatible
with an industrial society, is it possible that China manages to successfully incorporate elements of
both?
Summary: This is Gellner's classic modernization argument explaining the origin of nations. The
author argues that nations are completely modern constructions borne of nationalism which is
"primarily a political principle, which holds that the political and national unit should be congruent"
(1). Nations were the result of pressures created by the demands of the industrial revolution. As soon
as people from widely different backgrounds began to converge on cities, it was necessary to create
some form of common identity for them. Perhaps more importantly, the demands of capitalism,
specifically the need for constant retraining, demanded that there be a common language among
workers. These demands were met by creating a common past, common culture (created by turning
"low" folk cultures into "high" state cultures) and requiring a common language. With these
common
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Social Evolution In Stephen Crane's Bride Comes To Yellow Sky
Man's inherent inquisitiveness propels social evolution. Therefore social growth is inevitable. Set in
Yellow Sky, Texas in the 1800s, Stephen Crane's "Bride Comes To Yellow Sky" follows Texas
Marshal Jack Potter who introduces his new wife to his hometown. The town's drunk, Scratchy
Wilson is the antagonist who symbolizes man's primitive nature while Mrs. Potter symbolizes
modernization. Crane skillfully structures the plot by abruptly replacing the climax with the
denouncement, contrasts Scratchy's barbaric character with Mrs. Potter's well–mannered persona,
and sets the story in Texan town during the Industrial Revolution, primarily emphasizing that social
progress is an unstoppable train that will inevitably crush those against society advancing. The
climax created a dramatic scene that is abruptly ended, thus highlighting the inevitability of social
evolution. The climax occurs when the drunk, dangerous and slightly delusional Scratchy points a
loaded gun to the chest of the unarmed marshal. However, the drama quickly diminishes once Potter
introduces Scratchy to his wife. In response, Scratchy responds by yelling "No" (Crane 319) and
leaves. Quickly shifting from the climax to the denouncement allows Crane to shine the spotlight on
Scratchy's emotions. Scratchy's acquiescence speaks volumes of defeat. Scratchy feels like a fish out
of water because most of his life he lived as a scandalous criminal fighting the law, however, society
is straying from its "Wild West"
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Gerhard Linski : Society And Technology
The study of Gerhard Linski on society. He says that society is described as society and technology.
He helps us understand the deference between societies that have existed throughout human life. He
uses the term sociocultural evolution in which he mean "changes that occur as a society gains new
technology." He said that the more technology a society has the faster it changes because the society
tends to have more control of nature. Due to modern high tech technology people experience major
social changes. This means that our behavior, values and norms may change overtime. An example
of this here in Belize would be electronic devices. These devices help you to access different
platforms of social media. This has change the way of communication here in Belize because you no
longer need to send letter but you can easily access you cell phones and chat with each other. This s
something that my great grand parents didn't even thought of doing.
Hunting and gathering societies
This society I would say is the simplest of all societies because you only need "simple tools to hunt
for animals and gather vegetation for food." Many years ago hunters and gatherers could be found
all over the world but day today this has changed and now there are only a few that remain. Since
they can't control the environment they invest their time in games and gathering plants to eat. They
normally are not large groups for the reason that they can only sustain certain amount of people
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The Complications Of Globalization And The Process Of...
"It is unimaginable to think that, in a world of such connection, there is so little meaning," says Jean
Baudrillard, a respected French philosopher that, throughout the 1980s, critiqued what today we call
globalization. Globalization, reduced to its ideological foundation, is the process by which
increasing communicative technologies, like the Internet, have made our world "smaller." In
essence, our communities, cultures, and lifestyles have become drastically linked. But, as questions
surface about the connections of our era of rapid globalization to sovereignty, economic
independence, and cultural uniqueness, we must understand that the question of globalization is not
merely one of economics or sociology, but a broader social process of liberalism that is dooming the
planet to certain ecological devastation.
The given perspectives of said topic are, curtly, reductive. They address valid arguments, but seem
to refuse with the root cause such cultural diffusion and adaptation. Quite frankly, globalism isn't
new. It very much is a huge social process, but nothing that humanity is inexperienced with
addressing. This ad hominem logic is truant in Perspective Three, which attempts to connect social
contact with increasing risks of future conflict. However, xenophobic, reductive reasoning cannot
connect how cultural diffusion historically has proved Perspective Three wrong. For instance, we
can evaluate the contact between Germanic barbarians and Roman soldiers in the 3rd
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My Service Learning Experience
Aside from the instances in my service learning experience that I was able to relate to sociocultural
factors and the impact that these factors had in her schooling, the experience of my student in my
service learning project was that she was there to be tutored in order to expand her academic
success. Both her and her sister attended the after school tutoring session each time I went. Her
mother always dropped them off, and after the tutoring session, I would discuss with the mother
Annie's progress for that session, what we did for that session, and things we were going to further
work on for our next session. At my last session, Annie's mother made the effort to tell me how
Annie had recently been announced as the highest scoring student on a particular exam and that she
was excelling more in school. This conversation particularly struck me because it made me believe
that in some small way, I contributed to some of that success that she had because of the intimate
relationship we had and how we connected and learned together as a team. This is an instance in my
service learning that affected me and made me truly believe that as a future educator, having a
culturally relevant pedagogy and connecting with all my students on a personal level will help them
to acquire academic success. Apart from my service learning experience, I completed my
community cultural wealth at the Montopolis Recreation Center, which is also where I did my
tutoring sessions. The Montopolis
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Essay On Journey Of Faridabad
Journey of Faridabad is a very remarkable study. This city is in a continuous motion moving from
preindustrial to post industrial stage of development and also exploring its economy, moving
primarily from primary and secondary to tertiary and quaternary. As a result, Faridabad has
underwent into dramatic transformations.
Stage 1: Before 1949 – Pre–Industrial Faridabad
Until 1950 Faridabad was intended to be a marketing centre for milk and vegetables. The
relationship to the surrounding country was less important than the influence of Delhi as
consumption and employment centre.
Stage 2: 1949–2000 – Creative Phase of Faridabad as an Industrial Hub
Resettlement of Refugee
After independence, the town became an important centre for the resettlement of refugees because
of India–Pakistan partition. They were rehabilitated by Jawaharlal Nehru as part of the Pakistani
Refugee Resettlement Project (PRRP) following partition in 1947. Also in an attempt to de–clog
Delhi, many central government offices were consciously moved to this city. What was previously
just a wasteland was converted into a thriving colony. This was also a big and unique human
experiment, to resettle people" (Jain L.C, 1998)
Bustling City – Genesis of Faridabad as an Industrial hub
In 1949, the Government of East Punjab ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
He asserts secondary and tertiary (and quaternary) sectors will take precedence in the economy and
also employment will grow faster in these sectors. Post–industrial cities are primarily the
headquarters for corporations or governmental organizations, centres of research or educational
institutes, and tourism or recreation resorts. With an increasing employment in the tertiary and
quaternary occupations, especially in such fields as finance, health, leisure, research, education, and
telecommunications and in various levels of development. (Dutt. A, et al.
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The Rural Privilege in A White Heron by Sarah Orne Jewett...
The Rural Privilege in A White Heron by Sarah Orne Jewett Sarah Orne Jewett's "A White Heron" is
a brilliant story of an inquisitive young girl named Sylvia. Jewett's narrative describes Sylvia's
experiences within the mystical and inviting woods of New England. I think a central theme in "A
White Heron" is the dramatization of the clash between two competing sets of values in late
nineteenth–century America: industrial and rural. Sylvia is the main character of the story. We can
follow her through the story to help us see many industrial and rural differences. Inevitably, I
believe that we are encouraged to favor Sylvia's rural environment and values over the industrial
ones. Our first introduction to these competing sets of ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Another example of the clash between industrial and rural values comes from Sylvia's own
memories and recollections. Sylvia has been on the farm for a year now, but she still thinks about
her industrial existence from a year ago. She wonders if everything is still carrying on in the same
way as when she lived in the town. Sylvia recalls her adolescent adversary: the great–red faced boy.
I think the great–red faced boy represents the industrial world to some degree because he frightens
Sylvia, and when she thinks of him she wants to escape to the safety of the bushes. Thus, the rural
world and nature are a sanctuary from the industrial world for Sylvia. Perhaps this escape parallels
Sylvia's real escape from the industrial world to the sanctuary of the farm. I think Jewett supports
this by writing "The thought of the great–red face boy who used to chase and frighten her made her
hurry along the path to escape from the shadows of the trees" (133). Again, it is important to
consider the woods as a shelter for Sylvia. I do not think that Sylvia is afraid of the trees. Rather, I
think this passage seems to reinforce the idea that Sylvia is escaping from the industrial world, in
her memories and in her values. Yet, at this point in the narrative, I still perceive Sylvia as a fearful
and timid girl. Mrs. Tilley, Sylvia's grandmother, supports this perception by saying that Sylvia is
"Afraid of folks" (133). Additionally, this
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Media 's Influence On Women 's Thin Ideal Essay
This Jesuit value entails, sharing gifts, pursuing justice, and having concern for the poor and
marginalized. Working as a community to help those around you through the good and bad times.
Having special concern for those in need. men and women who will live not for themselves, but for
the service to God, to make those that suffer have the support they need in order to get back on their
feet.
Media 's Influence on Women 's Thin–Ideal Internalization
Sociocultural factors, or in other words, customs, lifestyles and values that characterize a society or
group, play a large part in the way individuals think of themselves and others. Throughout
childhood, children are socialized to understand how to be accepted in society and what it takes in
order to take the status of portraying what the right way to look like is. The act of adapting behavior
to the norms of a culture or society is called socialization. We are shown these norms through
magazines, social media websites, and through our peers that have learned these norms from other
various subjects. Exposure to the thin–ideal concept through sociocultural factors, produces body
image problems, shame, and depression.
For over ten years, analysts have been looking at the part that introduction to glorified media
pictures of female perfection plays in young ladies ' and ladies ' frequently antagonistic association
with their own bodies. There is much confirmation that one normal for this perfection, as spoke to
by the media,
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Globalization And Modernization
Globalization equals Westernization or Modernization? Are these two terms similar or opposite to
each other? Sam seems to be against Globalization by pointing only the Westernization as a dark
side of it and Jane seems to be supporting it and only seeing the Modernization good side of it.
Sam and Jane are not alone in this, Westernization or Modernization are two ideologies that are
under constant debate. Some of us consider the two terms to go hand in hand with each other. A lot
of questions are asked but the main one will always be: "Does Globalization mean the same thing as
Westernization and the thing as Modernization?"
We will start by looking up the definition of each one of these terms in the dictionary;
– Globalization: the process by which businesses or other organizations develop international
influence or start operating on an international scale
– Westernization: to cause the ideas and ways of doing things that are common in North Americaand
most of Europe to be used and accepted by someone or something in or from another part of the
world cause (a country, person, or system) to adopt or be influenced by the cultural, economic, or
political systems of Europe and North America.
– Modernization: the process of adapting something to modern needs or habits.
Now we can all agree that the three terms are completely different from each other and refer to
completely different processes. With that established the question becomes if it's possible
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Amazon
CASE STUDY
Amazon.com
International Expansion of an e–tailer
„We seek to be Earth ́s most customer–centric company for three primary customer sets: consumer
customers, seller customers and developer customers."
The story of Amazon.com is a marvelous successful one. A company ́s biography which since the
foundation in 19941 (followed by webpage launch one year later in 19952) became the world's
market leader in e–tailing by fully focusing on customer satisfaction and consequently aligning all
organization activities, such as for example corporate strategy as well as technological portfolio,
towards the consumer needs.
From day one Jeff Bezos leads Amazon.com with a conspicuous overall philosophy of customer
orientation and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The customer–centric approach is pervasive present in the organization and well–distributed on all
hierarchies what obviously makes the difference and competitive value. (see also Exhibit B)
Today Amazon.com operates in 7 countries, which are covering the regions Americas, Europe as
well as Asia. (see image on the right) In 2010 the share of sales outside North America amounted
45,31%, representing an amount of $15,5 billion with a sales growth rate of 33%.10 Referring to the
expansion timeline and sequence of new markets entered, the approach of the countries targeted for
the business model adaption – primarily focused on trade–volume and potential – is simple and
economically worthwhile.
When pursuing international growth, there are market specifications, such as technological,
political–legal and sociocultural conditions11, which need to be taken under consideration as whose
recognition is significant. While the technological and political–legal progresses are under
continuous development (e.g. internationalization, amalgamation of countries/regions, trade zones),
intercultural differences are nearly steady but due to numerous dimensions not easily measurable
and of high complexity. However, related to the general decision and first steps of market entries it
is essential to be fully aware of all conditions of the target
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Case Study : Starbucks Faces Global Opportunities And...
Case Assignment Analysis Format MRKT 5000 Online Course Darion Wright Starbucks Faces
Global Opportunities and Barriers Case Summary: This case assignment discusses the history of
Starbuck's accomplishments as they entered the American coffee culture heritage. In 1983, The
chairman and CEO Howard Schultz traveled to Italy and had a dream to carry the Italy coffeehouse
ritual back to the United States. Schultz was focused on creating an environment meeting company
that makes good coffee but also be a social experiment. Starbucks today opened more than 19,000
stores functioning in 62 countries. Starbucks has numerous rewards that globalization has offered
and they have significantly benefited from it, while in the coffee industry. Starbucks has a wide–
range in marketing strategies to benefit the customers. During the different obstacles that Starbucks
has encountered, they must stay reliable in quality and uphold to adjust to different customer values.
Key Marketing Issues: Globalization: Globalization is the tendency of investment funds and
businesses to move beyond domestic and national markets to other markets around the globe,
thereby increasing the interconnection of the world. Globalization has had the effect of markedly
increasing international trade and cultural exchange. Such as Starbucks, globalization became the
topic of discussion, because they had to adjust to the different coffee taste that originated in different
countries to maintain their customer
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Evolutionary Modernization Theory Paper
Freedom is essential for the development of human beings. In order for individuals to be free,
societies must guarantee a healthy environment which enables citizens to be governed by leaders
that represent their interests. The system of government which allows for this is democracy. But
democracy, which is a term that comes from the greek demos and kratos "rule of the people", will
only thrive under appropriate conditions. Modernization theory claims that economic and
technological development are the factors conducive to democratic changes (Inglehart, 2014).
Economic development is described as "a process that influences growth and restructuring of an
economy to enhance the economic well being of a community, creating jobs and wealth, and
improving the quality of life" (Anderson, n.d.). For a long time, Modernization Theory was widely
accepted, but after analysing evidence of democratic changes in many nations gathered during the
past decades a revised version of it was proposed by Ronald Inglehart, known as the Evolutionary
Modernization Theory. According to Inglehart (2014) economic development will tend to lead to
democracy, but other outcomes are possible because there are many factors which influence what
will happen. Economic development is the main factor that leads to democratization, but cultural
change is the other factor that can determine the political outcome in a specific country.
Most of the developed countries in the world have democratic regimes. As it
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reserchpaper
How did the United States become a mature industrial society in the decades after the civil war?
Industrial economy By the 1913 the United States produced one third of the world's industrial
output. The 1880 census showed for the first time that a majority of the work force engaged in non–
farming jobs. Worker's freedom in an industrial age .for a minority of workers, the rapidly
expanding industrial system created new forms of freedom. Between 1880 and 1900 an average of
35,000 workers perished each year in factory and mine accidents, the highest rate in the industrial
world. Class divisions became more and more visible. Many of the withiest Americans consciously
pursued an aristocratic lifestyle. The working class lived in desperate ... Show more content on
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Many americans sensed that something had gone wrong in the nation's social development.
Freedom, inequality, and democracy... many Americans views the concentration of wealth as
inevitable, natural, and justified by progress. Gilded age reformers feared that with lower–class
groups seeking to use government to advance their own interests, democracy was becoming a that to
individual liberty and the rights of property. Liberty of contract. Labor contracts reconciled freedom
and authority in the workplace. How did reformers of the period approach the problems of an
industrial society? The knights of labor in an industrial age, the knights of labor organized all
workers to improve social conditions. The conditions essential to liberty, labor raised the question
whether meaningful freedom could exist in a situation of extreme economic inequality. Middle–
class reformers, alarmad by fear of class warfare and the growing power of concentrated capital,
social thinkers offered numerous plans for change. Middle–class reformers, alarmed by fear of class
warfare and the growing power of concentrated capital, social thinkers offered numerous plans for
change. Labor and politics, henry George ran for mayor of new york in 1886 on labor ticket. The
events of 1886 suggested that labor might be on the verge of establishing itself as a permanent
political force.
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Advanced Culture
Advanced Culture – Subdued Nature
The hoards of advertisements on television, in newspapers, and magazines, use whatever means in
order to catch the attention of the viewer. They have gone so far as to use animals and nature in any
form they wish. This is far more than just a moneymaking scheme, it is a representation of the
relationship between nature and the advancing and dominant culture. It almost seems that the more
technologically advanced a culture becomes, the more distant the relationship there is to nature. It is
because of this that we are left to view the images that are put before us by others. Buying that
carton of orange juice in the grocery store looks more appetizing if the pictures depict the oranges
on the tree, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
When we look at the advertisement, the consumer is being offered the ability to obtain this "natural"
product when they themselves can not grow it on a farm. The manufacturer attempts to work with
this knowledge that the consumer that lives in the city is distant from the farmland that produces the
fruits and vegetables and can therefore only rely on what is offered. Yet, the more the product seems
closer to being natural, the closer it brings the consumer to nature, this is done by the imagery we
see in the advertisement. The way in which images of nature are put all over the illustration and
used to serve the purpose of selling a product is an art, and the manufacturer becomes an artist. This
process is not much different from the photo booths that will take a picture of you head and paste it
on someone else's. It is this type of artistry that subjects a thing of power in order to power the artist
and is mentioned by Joyce Carol Oates when she comments on the fact that these representations
help "create" and power the product. When Sun Raisin uses the pictures of farms and the natural
grown fruits, which represent nature, to power the selling of their product they are implying natures
passivity. I say this because nature is silent and is not much different than the silent woman that is
shown picking fruits and vegetables. This idea is similar to the pastoral view which Carolyn
Merchant speaks of, she says that the pastoral tradition
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Cultural Factors In The Sociocultural Environment
There are many things in life that influence our development in some shape or form. Whether in a
positive or negative way, influence is something that surrounds us, our children and family and may
determine the way we develop. We are all prone to influences in our environment. Although there
are many factors that influence us, one specific example are the sociocultural factors we are
surrounded by in our everyday lives. This paper will be discussing the strengths and weaknesses in
the sociocultural environment that influence both children and families.
Growing up in dangerous neighborhoods, having neglectful parents, or simply going through natural
disasters are a few negative ways sociocultural factors may influence the way children and families
develop. There are many people living in "safe" neighborhoods but there is also a decent amount of
families who are living in very dangerous areas. There are areas in this city where crime is rarely
ever seen, but there are also many areas where crime is seen on a daily basis and many families are
going through that and have to either see it or live through it. This impacts a child a whole lot
because they grow up hearing about people getting shot, people drug dealing, being addicted to
alcohol and a variety of negative lifestyles children and families should not have to live through.
Sadly, sometimes in between all this going on, children grow up having parents that may always be
working or worse, be criminals. The parents
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Historical Globalization Chapter 1 Summary
Within the source the author is trying to say that the legacy of historical globalization has resulted in
advancements in modern society and people have prospered from it. Mainly how the driving force
of the ethnocentrism in historical globalization leads to a prosperous society. The specific line of
"superior standard of living shared by individuals in the developed world was achieved through
historical globalization" supports this and is also referring to how in the first world have benefited.
The superior standard of living that the source is referring to is the comforts of life and how living
standards have skyrocketed now. This taken along with the author following that up with "in the
developed world" means that only the developed/first ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Also the author barely acknowledges the third world and how they have been affected by this and in
turn it gives off a feeling that they aren't important which further communicates a sense of
ethnocentrism. The historical globalization the author is referring to includes a long history and
legacy of colonization, imperialism and ethnocentrism. Furthermore it states that " legacy left by
centuries of exploration and colonization was beneficial for all mankind." Here it is saying that from
imperialism, and colonialism it leads to benefits not just for first world countries but everyone.
More so the author refuses to describe any beneficial effects that the developing countries have
gotten leading the reader to think of them as insignificant and unimportant which is ethnocentrism.
The author probably views globalization along with imperialism, ethnocentrism and colonialism as
positive ideologies. One can infer that the author believes that due to these three ideologies it lead to
the benefits and developments that the first world has nowadays. This is due to the way that the
author talk about how it has benefited all of mankind and how it has lead to a superior standard of
living. This source mainly links to colonialism, imperialism and ethnocentrism in
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Themes Of Necttar In The Village
Modernisation to the Village
The way of living of people in villages is the culture of a society. Village way of life in India is
considered to be full of cultural rituals and beliefs. People mostly work on plantations to earn a
living for themselves and the family. Whereas modernization is the current term for an old process,
the process of social change whereby less developed societies acquire characteristics common to
more developed societies. This essay will discuss a theme of Nectar in a Sieve which is the tension
between modernization and traditional ways of life. It will also discuss how different characters
respond to elements that represent the coming of the modern world to the village.
To begin with, Rukmani's curiousness on the arrival of the men to build tannery, changed to anger as
she saw the effect of tannery on the village's way of life. Rukmani and some of the onlookers are
somewhat taken aback when the newcomers boldly told them what to do in their own village. When
at long last the tannery is finished, some people are unhappy to see the workers go, but Rukmani is
not. She says, "They had invaded our village with clatter and din, had taken from us the maidan
where our ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Nathan's hopes are crushed when his son, Thambi points out that he never did, and never will, own
the land. However, Nathan was assuring Rukmani that the tannery was there to stay. He encourages
her to go with the flow, saying "Bend like the grass, that you do not break" (Markandaya, 20).
Seeing the negativity of Rukmani, Nathan was only comforting her with the truth of life. Nathan
bears the results of the strike at the tannery more graciously than anyone. He declares that their
children must do what they do for their benefit, not for their parents. He quiets everyone with his
authority
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The Importance Of The Sociocultural Environment
Sociocultural factors are the social and cultural influences in a society that play a part in shaping
who a person becomes. These factors are universal, but they have varying effects on lives from one
community to another. In the city of Santa Rosa, Texas, the sociocultural environment introduces
both threats and strengths that will impact the development of individuals and their families.
While all cities have their weaknesses, Santa Rosa particularly is plagued by high levels of poverty,
a poor education system, and the rising potential for neighborhood violence. Known as one of the
poorest cities in Texas, Santa Rosa has an unemployment rate of about 9.9%, and an even higher
level of poverty at 54.8% (Areavibes, 2017). These values are significantly higher than those of any
other Texas cities, and, as a result, the individuals living here tend to face developmental challenges.
When a child is in an environment such as this, they can begin to feel as if their life is unstable.
They may not have the promise of three wholesome meals a day, and they may not have the
resources for essential items, such as clothing and school supplies. In addition, in many low income
homes, parents are forced to work long hours, leaving the children at home to care for themselves,
and possibly their siblings. As a result of exposure to circumstances such as these, children can
begin to develop conditions such as anxiety and depression, which can affect them throughout the
rest of their lives.
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The Pros And Cons Of Globalization
The Twentieth Century was a period of great change in the world. Throughout it, there were
revolutions, world wars, and the rise and fall of empires. Yet still, in part due to the changes, the
globe grew closer. Not only were the lives of individuals change but entire countries became
interdependent. Some of these processes were positive and others negative but all helped the world
to become a global community. During the Twentieth century, the world became much more
interconnected. Industrialization, imperialism, and the globalization are the three most important
processes that contributed to the formation of the twentieth century. The industrial revolution began
around the 1820s and was, in fact, a series of revolutions. Each new major development marks the
start of a subsequent revolution. The industrial revolution was not simply a change in technology
but also brought about major social and political changes as well. Specifically, the success of Great
Britain at the time laid the groundwork for Western Hegemony, a theme that would be prevalent
throughout the century. Due to England's abundance of natural resources and its existing class
structures, the country was able to excel. The industrial revolution brought about new forms of
production. Goods could be made much quicker and in larger quantities. One of the most important
technologies developed during this time was the steam engine and the railroad system. These
allowed for large amounts of trade goods to be
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Child Development Essay
Vygotsky sociocultural theory of child development has direct application towards the experiences
of children in classroom settings (Berk, 2008). Vygotsky's theory was that all people in a child's
environment were important to a child's growth, which would apply directly to classroom settings.
In 1945, Rene Spitz wrote concerning the high death of infants under one–year–of–age who resided
in institutions (Spitz, 1945). Spitz noted that the reason for the high death rate was a lack of
stimulation and not disease along with the absence of the mothers. The work of Spitz and other
researchers supports Vygotsky's ideas that a child is not only a product of their cultural environment,
but also affects their environment (Berk, 2008). ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
He was fifteen and his friend Johnny who was thirteen, was having trouble with a broad area of
academic performance. Mr. Parashont helped his friend master some math basics. This newfound
expertise, however minute it might seem to observers, was enough to give his Johnny pride and
confidence so that Johnny was then able to overcome his other academic challenges one–by–one.
Gordon and Browne (2010) and Berk (2000) discuss the effectiveness of similar scenarios in the
classroom. They referred to the process as "cooperative learning, in which small groups of peers at
varying levels of competence work toward a common goal, [that] also fosters more advanced
thinking" (p. 123). The increased competence also fosters pride that then serves to energize children
and the adults with whom they work. Cognitive, social, and cultural interaction provides a
foundation upon which children build. In doing so, children gain freedom to grow further and
expand the limits of their environments (Vygotsky & Stone, 2005). This growth becomes contagious
for students of all ages and abilities (Gordon & Browne, 2010).. Vygotsky felt that through positive
interactions children would be stimulated and enjoy positive cognitive, emotional, and cultural
development. The results of the landmark study Spitz published in 1945 were amongst the first
proof of just how much human life and growth relied on interactions with others
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Sociocultural Theory Essay
Within each culture and community there are different standards of beauty. These standards of
beauty shape the way individuals see the world, others around them, and themselves. Though some
beauty standards, such as physical appearance have been sustained. Through the lens of
sociocultural theory, I will analyze how body dysmorphia has influenced three generations of
women within my family. To aide my analysis, I will define and employ terms such as sociocultural
theory, body image, and body dysmorphia to connect my family's historical roots to body image and
how it relates to their current perceptions and behaviors. Finally, I will utilize my grandmother's,
mother's, and sister's personal accounts of how body image was communicated to ... Show more
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This disorder affects men and women equally, and though the causes are not clearly understood, are
thought to involve neurobiological and psychosocial factors. Psychological causes include one's
experience with body image messaging, making impressionable children and adolescents
susceptible. Along with the powerful influence of a person's family origin, such as children whose
parents are obsessed with dieting, appearance, or are highly critical of others or their children's
looks.
In this paper, I am focusing on the women within my family: my grandmother, my mother and my
sister. Body image issues are independent of gender, but the topic seems to be more openly
discussed amongst women, which is how I know it has personally effected all the women in my
family. Their personal accounts from interviews conducted by myself reflect how body image was
communicated to them as children, and show that message shaped their experience and values now.
My Grandmother Dona Vivian Morris, who my family affectionately refers to as Mammie, is the
matriarch of my mother's family. When asked about her body image as an adolescent she said that
she has always seen herself as overweight, partially because she grew up with four sisters whose
slim body types did not resemble hers. Mammie remembers her mother would often disapprove
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My Current Perceptions Of Children 's Learning Essay
What I believe about children's learning, is that family are first teachers, with a knowledge of their
own, situated from their families and communities. Sociocultural theory maintains children's
learning is situated in the social and cultural contexts of their families and communities (Arthur et
al. 2015, p. 37). Children learn in lots of different ways and in early childhood education the mantra
is there is no right or wrong way for learning. How a child learns is completely individual, some
children are quick to absorb learning where other children find it challenging to begin, and some
other children prefer solitary play for learning.
The educational theory that most aligns with my current view is Vygotsky with his theories of social
interaction, scaffolding, zone of proximal development and use of language. Eun cited in Arthur et
al. (2015, p. 94), describes social interaction among two or more people as the greatest motivating
force for learning and development. My current perceptions of young children's learning comes
from working as a parent helper assistant at my children's kindergarten for many years and my
observation of children's learning. Sociocultural theorists typically link activity to participation in
culturally organized practices (Cobb 2015, p. 14). Ball cited in (Cobb 2015, p. 14) observes that
"educational improvements consider that understanding and community is about building bridges
between the experiences of the child and the knowledge of the
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Soc 290 Final : The Gods Must Be Crazy
Melissa Mayfield
Professor Cox
SOC 290– Spring
May 5, 2015
SOC 290 Final: The Gods Must be Crazy
1. Lenski Our study of Lenski focused on Lenski's division of the history of society into five society
types, and how the advancement of technology led to social inequality. In The Gods Must be Crazy,
the Bushmen of the Kalahari Desert would fall into Lenski's Hunter–Gatherer society type. Lenski
defines a Hunter–Gatherer society as a small, nomadic group of people who make use of simple
tools to hunt animals and gather vegetation for food (Lenski 90). The Bushman use simple tools
made of wood and bone. The video shows a bushman hunting with a wooden bow and arrow, as
well as men and women gathering berries for food and plant roots for water. Lenski would also note
that the Bushmen see themselves as one family group. There are only a few dozen of them, and they
appear to all contribute to the communal upbringing of the tribe's children. The communal family
dynamic is also present in the education of the young. There does not appear to be one assigned
teacher, and those who teach do not appear to be exclusive in who they teach. All able adults
contribute to the group's survival in whatever way they can, and all participate in passing on these
skills to the children. In the video you see a Bushman showing the children what berries are good to
eat and how to get water from the shavings of a plant root. The Bushmen have little control of their
environment. Being so, Lenski would
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Globalization And Globalization
Globalization could be defined as "the interaction of people, states, or countries through the growth
of the international flow of money, ideas, and culture.". The effect globalization has on history is
enormous. Without the migration aspect of globalization there would be no culture mix, no
economics since no one would be trading, or no politics without the migration of cultures or
opinions. Globalization is the basis of why we have history.
In particular, the spread of yoga is a great example of migration. Krishnamacharya had started
practicing yoga in Mysore. His yoga that he taught was a combination of different types of yoga
from different teachers. Without migration, yoga wouldn't have spread from the traditional
techniques to Krishnamacharya's techniques. According to Singleton, he transformed yoga into a
""physical culture" or "exercise"" instead of it being a religious activity (180). From there, he spread
yoga throughout the world. By teaching his students his techniques, they were able to spread it to
others and get others involved. Without the migration of yoga, the United States and other countries
wouldn't be able to enjoy yoga and all that it has to offer.
Comparatively, the Roman Games are another great instance in which the spread of ideas has
furthered other parts of the world. The gladiatorial shows were a "sport" for the Romans. They
consisted of gladiators being paired against one another to fight until one of them "won," "spared,"
or "died," (Fagan,
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Global Perspective Study
The study of the larger world and our society's place in it is called Global Perspective. Our society
uses global perspective in order to stay connected as well as informed with the world. In fact our
world is connected more so now than ever because of technology; computers, phones, televisions,
radios etc. Now people all over the world can listen to any type of music that they desire; Beyonce,
Train, Edith Piaf, Rammstein. Say someone you know has a craving for Italian cuisine. This person
could go through all the pain and suffering of trying to plan a trip to Italy to try true Italian food. Or
this person could simply go on YouTube or even a cooking website to prepare their own Italian dish.
People don't realize that even simple things like ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
After reading chapter one I had a better understanding of what the true meaning of sociological
thinking. Seeing the general in the particular is the standard definition of sociological
perspective/thinking. On the other hand the definiton for sociological thinking differs for everyone
in general. For me sociological perspective/thinking empowers me to be more involved in my
society just like the text book states in chapter one on page thirteen. While my brother and I were in
high school my brother had ended up joining the volunteer fire department. After about three years
witnessing how involed he was with the community of our town I decided to join. I can now say it
was the best decision I made. Another benefit of sociological thinking or perspective regarding my
personal life is that I can as a person speak freely. Which in my case is wonderful since I enjoy
speaking my mind (free speach). As far as sociological perspective reflecting on my career right
now is highly influenced. I currently working in a legal office which runs by the rules of the
American Bar Assosiation. These rules were made up over the years and shaped as a community
that evey lawyer and his staff has to
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Essay On American Culture
In the story of Samir, he illustrates that globalization and local culture wrestle with each other to
determine what people deem correct. In his account, Samir portrays the westernized medicine's
dominance over an indigenous Costa Rican medicine man. In addition, Samir highlights many
benefits that globalization opens the door to. For example, globalization has opened him to other
cultures and languages allowing him to become more understanding of other people and to notice a
unity among all people (Culture and Globalization, n.d.).
My experience with globalization has been mostly limited to interactions via the internet. However,
I believe these interactions have opened my mind to be more understanding of the various struggles
people face outside of my small community. In similarity with Samir, I notice a common unity
among people throughout the world. I believe that past all the cultural differences most people want
the same things in life, which we can be summarize as a connection with others. ... Show more
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With the advancement of a connected world through the internet, more cultures are able to see the
benefits of free expression. People can share ideas that trigger movements for more equality in areas
that have suppressed its people.
The most worrisome challenge that I have seen against globalization is the idea that ideas that are
more popular would erase a culture. However, I do not believe this is entirely true. I think people
will keep cultural aspects that are beneficial and forget the less important aspects. As the world
becomes more connected, we will worry less about the things that separate us and focus on
advancing ideas that benefit us
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The Importance Of Technology On Society
Today's society is more affected by technology than it ever has been and it is changing every second
of every day. Advancements in technology have been changing our culture and society for hundreds
of years; from hunters and gatherers to information overload to a future of the most advanced
technologies we could imagine. These fast advancements in technology quickly change our society.
This statement was greatly expanded upon by three people: Gerhard Lenski, Leslie White, and Alvin
Toffler
Gerhard Lenski is a sociologist. He is mostly known for his contributions to sociology of religion,
ecological–evolutionary social theory, and social inequality. He believed that technological
advancement is the most basic factor in evolution of societies and cultures. Lenski focusses on the
changes that happen as a society acquires new technology. He believed that the more technological
information that a society has, the faster it will change. He labels five types of societies based on
their levels of technology. The first of these societies are the hunting and gathering societies. These
societies use simple tools to hunt animals and gather their food and vegetation. Lenski stated that at
this level, groups are small, scattered, and usually nomadic, leading to fairly inefficient food
production. The next society would be the horticultural and pastoral societies. This society bases
technology on the use of hand tools to raise crops. Pastoralism is technology that supports the
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Canada as a Post-Industrial Country
Canada as a Post–Industrial Country Canada's practices of work and work values have been
evolving throughout history. From the early days when agriculture dominated the economy, to the
gradual transition into manufacturing and processing, we can see that Canada's economy is always
changing. More recently, we are seeing a similar shift from manufacturing to the service sector of
the economy. This paper provides an analysis of Canadian society and whether we can be
considered a post–industrial country. A society tends to be classified according to the degree to
which different groups within that society have unequal access to rewards such as resources, status,
or power. Although humans have established many types of societies over time, ... Show more
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We can foresee a decline in inequality as technical skills and "know–how" begin to determine class
rather than the ownership of property, but this can also lead to potential social divisions based on
those who have suitable education and those who do not. Post–industrial societies will become more
concerned with the welfare of all members of society, as everyone works together to solve
humanity's problems through technology and science. As Canada evolved from a rural and
resource–based economy into an urban industrialized one, many aspects of Canadians' day–to–day
lives were affected. Throughout the 1900s, Canada saw major changes with the advance of
industrialization. Large factories started to appear in cities across Canada, bringing with it rapid
urban growth and additional social problems. Exploitation of workers was typical, forcing
Canadians to work long hours in unsafe conditions. Owners of manufacturing plants paid minimal
wages, making it hard for the working class to live above poverty. These extreme conditions led to
strikes, labour unions, and eventually political action. After the Second World War, jobs in the
service sector had become much more prominent due to increases in skilled labour. Plant closings,
employment downsizing, reduced production levels, and technological innovations were all factors
in creating a de–industrialized economy. White–collar workers were
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The Importance Of Trauma Informed Care
As a support worker, it is necessary that organisation would need to have a foundational
understanding of how to identify trauma associated responses. Similarly, there needs to be
understanding when initiating treatment interventions for trauma–related symptoms, it is aimed to
be conducive and empowering to the individual (Trauma–Informed Care: A Sociocultural
Perspective, 2014). Also, all support workers should be skilled in identifying the symptoms of
trauma, as well as not disregarding the probability of substance abuse and co–occurring disorders
(Trauma–Informed Care: A Sociocultural Perspective, 2014). Hence, when creating an individual
treatment plan, all likelihoods of self–medicating and individualised coping mechanisms should be
reflected ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
This includes teaching staff to manage their work capacities, withhold from meeting all traumatised
clients in the same day (distribute them over the week), regular breaks from work; and moreover,
disassociating work from your own private life (Berger, & Quiros, 2014). It is pertinent to educate
staff on vicarious trauma well before them working, which in turn will make staff more open to
support if vicarious trauma arises (Berger, & Quiros,
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Comparing Fried, Harris And Leslie White
Unlike anthropologists before them Morton H. Fried, Marvin Harris and Leslie White are including
less about humans themselves in their theories. When looking at the theories of earlier theorists
(such as Herbert Spencer) one can see that change seems to be driven by human beings and their
progress. Though it is not as prominent in the theories of Fried, Harris and White, there is still a
relationship between humans and change.
Fried theorizes about the evolution of social stratification and the state, he takes 10,000 years of
archaeological data and forms a theory going from Stage A to Stage D. Harris is focused in India,
studying how the treatment of the cow reflects the culture. White looks at energy and how a
society's increased ability to harness and save it has to do with technological advancement.
In each of these theories it is evident that under certain circumstances human beings are relevant to
the anthropological understanding of sociocultural change.
Fried tells his readers about the development of society through transition. The rankings of society
start at Stage A where there is a non–rank, non–stratified ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net
...
This development varies according to the amount of energy per capita per year harnessed and put to
work (pg. 226). White also mentions the use of technology and its role in the harnessing of energy.
The efficiency of the technology allows for cultural advancement due to more energy being
harnessed by man and being put to work effectively.
White looks at all of this in terms of numbers, he quantifies the amount of energy gained and needed
in order to produce culture–living and culture building. With efficient and effective use of
technology and tools comes more energy.
This advancement allows human beings the time and energy to take care of their bodily needs –
food, water, shelter, etc. – in order to even think about harnessing extra energy (pg.
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The Internet : The End Of The Internet
The End of The Internet
The internet offers what seems like endless ways to communicate. Just over the past 15 years,
sending letters has morphed into sending the same messages digitally (or "electronically," as the
name implies): referring to email. And even still, in many ways, email has taken a backseat in digital
communication. Friends don't "email" each other and ask about going to the movies. They use
snapchat, they text (technically not internet–based but I'm including it for the sake of this argument),
they post their thoughts on facebook, and they "slide into dm's on twitter." That's just a start of it.
It's estimated that the average "millennial" in the US uses the internet for up to 54 percent of his or
her daily communication (Kotzanikolaoa, 2017). Over half of the communication taking place is
nonverbal, internet–based.
That's why if the internet disappeared today, there would be a significant loss in the social life,
which is highly communication–dependent.
Gerhard Lenski's theorization about "sociocultural evolution" is defined as ""the process by which
structural reorganization is affected through time, eventually producing a form or structure which is
qualitatively different from the ancestral form (Blute, 2016)." Basically, slow change taking place
over time will eventually change the society. Think of an artist with a solid white canvas. If that
artist brushed blue paint onto the canvas, one stroke at a time, eventually it would change color
completely.
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Sociocultural Theory And Second Language Learning
Sociocultural Theory and Second Language Learning
"Language is the most pervasive and powerful cultural artefact that humans possess to mediate their
connection to the world, to each other, and to themselves" [Lantolf & Thorne 2007:201]. The idea of
mediation inherent in this notion of the language is a fundamental element of Sociocultural Theory
[SCT], one of the most influential approaches to learning and mental development since the 1990s,
drawing its origin from the work of soviet psychologist and semiotist Lev Vygotsky and his
colleagues.
This essay aims to describe major principles of SCT and its central constructs, particularly Semiotic
Mediation and The Zone of Proximal Development and gives examples of related research studies ...
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conversation].
1.1 The Linguistics Mediation of Psychological Processes
"Language as a mean of mediation"
According to Wertsch [1985], Vygotsky's primary concern was with language as a psychological
tool. His work paid particular attention to "the effect signs have on the psychology or cognition of
communicating individuals." [Mertz 1985:11]
This postulate implies that the move from elementary to higher mental processes is shaped and
mediated by language. Foundation in cognitive development is social interaction, it is .therefore,
important to emphasize that this transformation occurs within the social context.
At its core, Vygotsky's theory investigates the mediating role of language in the cognitive
development of children, however, the "social" principles underlying his theory can be applied into
L2 context. Stemming from this idea, the process of second language acquisition is understood as a
meaning–making collaborative activity.
1.2 Languages Mediating Sociocultural Though [Whorf]
"Language as shaper of ideas" & "You are what you speak"
According to Mertz [1985], the process of semiotic mediation described by Whorf is the same as
that described by Vygotsky: "in both cases language is the medium by which external reality shapes
internal psychology"[p.12]. Nevertheless, Whorf's theory differs from Vygotsky's theory in one
aspect. Vygotsky focuses on children's cognitive development, whereas Whorf "replaces children's
mental processes by wider–scale cultural
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Sociocultural Aspects in the United States that Affect...
In the book, International Business: Theory and Practice, Verizon–MCI in its domestic environment,
the United States, is placed in the cultural cluster with the Anglo countries. This cluster consists of
Australia, Canada, United States, United Kingdom, Ireland, and South Africa. The company's
cultural cluster, for its global environment, China, is with the Far Eastern countries. This cluster
includes China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, and the Philippines. These cultural clusters approaches are
based on the countries' geographic similarities. They are grouped together depending on the location
of the people in the world. Each cluster demonstrates differences within each cluster, as well as,
differences among the countries. These differences reflect that other factors should have been
considered when the groups were placed together. The major socio–cultural factors of the United
States, as they relate to other countries around the world, are individualism, masculinity, and
indulgence. China's socio–cultural factors are power distance, masculinity, and pragmatism.
Individualism, which addresses the self–image of people, in regards to begin considered "I" or
"We," is a socio–factor that refers to Verizon–MCI's. The factor masculinity makes references to
whether a society is driven by competition, achievement, and success. It is measured at work and
play and begins during childhood. The indulgence factor is based on how people are raised and
reflect to what extent people can control
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The Causes Of Capitalism In The Gilded Age
In The Gilded Age (1873), authors Mark Twain and Charles Warner suggested that the era's slogan
was, "Get rich, dishonestly if we can, honestly if we must." This judgment on the time period has
considerable merit and accuracy, I believe.
The urge and push towards Capitalism and getting rich became increasingly pronounced during this
era. People from all walks of life were drawn into new ways of life by the desire to seek their
fortune. Some headed to the West during the gold rushes, others headed West to start homesteads,
businesses, or find economic opportunity by working on the rails, in mining, logging, farming, or at
the growing ports and towns in the West. In the East, more and more people abandoned agrarian
lifeways and sought economic opportunity in the cities. The Industrial Revolution spurred a spirit of
invention and many tried to get rich and find fortune through creating new inventions. With
increased trading and manufacturing opportunity, the potentials for wealth generation increased.
Businessmen, investors, speculators, bankers, and politicians sought to cash in on recent
developments in technology, trade, and transportation. Conversely, for those whom economic
independence and opportunity was limited, a great dissatisfaction grew, in part, because of the belief
that economic prosperity and the riches were not being fairly shared across social classes. The desire
to get rich, accumulate wealth and have the freedoms they granted heavily influenced many people's
decisions, politics, and business practices, for better or for worse. I feel there is great accuracy in
suggesting that the era was very preoccupied with getting rich.
By saying, "dishonestly if we can, honestly if we must," the authors speak to the more questionable
or unethical practices that were occurring during the era. Political corruption was rampant. Big
companies used their wealth and power to influence legislation and legislators to support favorable
policies. Many politicians had direct ties to businesses that today we could call a conflict of interest.
Some directed companies, or held stock in them, or received salaries from them. These politicians
would then support policies that benefited the companies and their own
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Sanchez Case Analysis Paper

  • 1. Sanchez Case Analysis Paper Case Analysis Paper of the Sanchez Case Student's Name Institutional Affiliation Case Analysis Paper of the Sanchez Case Introduction Human development is a continuous process of maturing. When one examines the photographs of how they were when they were children and compare it to how they are now, they will notice many differences such as height and weight among others. There have been many studies focused on describing the human development and specifically human behavior in a social environment. The studies show that there are many factors that affect human development including biological, environmental, cultural and psychological factors. Throughout an individual's life, environmental factors influence their natural ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The approach is based on the idea that an individual's activities occurs in a cultural context and can be best understood in their historical development (Kagitcibasi, 2012). Vygotsky developed this theory with the intent of coming up with a way to explain human behavior. The theory examined various subjects including the psychology of art, thought and language; and also focused on education of students with special needs. Vygotsky believed that caregivers, parents, peers, and culture at large play an important role in developing an individual's higher order functions. There are various modern time interpretations of this theory with one focused on explaining human development. In this context, the sociocultural theory explains that learning is a social process and the society makes a significant contribution to individual development. The theory states that learning is based on interactions with other people and once this has happened, the information is then incorporated on a personal level (Hutchison, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 2. Language As An International Language Essay In line with the trend of globalization and the growing recognition of language as resource, English as an international language has increasingly attracted ESL learners across the world to study in the United States. While international ESL learners collectively contribute to the diversity of education on the macro level, they bring their distinctive identities into each classroom on the micro level. Situated in a multicultural learning environment, learners constantly represent and negotiate their identities through classroom interaction with other participants. Investigating participants' identities is significant because it not only provides valuable insights of applying humanistic education principles to ESL teaching and designing (Elias & Marriam, 2005), but informs teachers of potential chances and barriers that particular individuals or groups confront (Gutowska, 2014). In this paper, I analyze a three–minute classroom discourse to demonstrate how participants' identities can be constructed, negotiated, and reconstructed through interaction in an intermediate–level adult ESL classroom. Conceptual Orientation Adopting a sociocultural approach, I conceptualize language learning as a socially constructed activity, where a teacher should question how participants' identities are shaping or shaped by the context. While identity is frequently characterized as a social construct, the critical dimension of individuality should also be considered. Burke and Sets (2009) ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 3. The Sides Of Imperialism And Its Effects On Colonialism Andres Rodriguez 1/21/16 Mr.Calabrese Modern World History Imperialism Essay "If you go back to 1800, everybody was poor. I mean everybody. The Industrial Revolution kicked in, and a lot of countries benefited, but by no means everyone." –Bill Gates. The Industrial revolution led to huge advantages for Europe, which made it easier to conquer smaller, less technologically developed nations. They advanced in military technology, industrial technology, and medicinal technology. In the context of how the Industrial revolution impacted colonialism, it gave Europe transportation, unifying places to trade with other parts of the world.The industrial revolution led to a vast explosion of wealth for Europe, which made them able to invest more money into their armies, expanding their ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The desperate need for revenue in the absence of an well working tax–collecting bureaucracy pushed European royals into an unusual alliance with their merchant classes. Groups of merchant capitalists had a chance to be granted "special" privileges, monopolies, or even tax–collecting responsibilities. It was because of this that it was in the interest of governments to actively encourage commerce and innovation.(831–832) Its policy of religious toleration, formally established in 1688, welcomed people with technical skills regardless of their faith. The British government favored men of business kept out cheap Indian textiles, with laws that made it easy to form companies and to forbid worker's unions, with roads and canals that helped create a unified market.(834) The British aristocracy declined as a result because Industrial Revolution, as have large landowners in every industrial society. As urban wealth became more important, landed aristocrats had to make way for the up–and–coming businessmen, manufacturers, and bankers, newly enriched by the Industrial revolution. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 4. The Influence Of The Industrial Revolution The nineteenth century saw the rise and spread of the Industrial Revolution throughout Europe. As we learned in class lecture, there were a number of factors contributed to Britain's role as the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution. For one, it had great deposits of coal and iron ore, which proved essential for industrialization. Additionally, Britain was a politically stable society, as well as the world's leading colonial power, which meant its colonies could serve as a source for raw materials, as well as a marketplace for manufactured goods. The literature of the Industrial Revolution includes essays, fiction, and poetry that respond to the enormous growth of technology as well as the labor and demographic changes it fostered. A notable work of this period, Frankenstein by Mary Shelley in many ways serves as a metaphor for this pivotal landmark transitional period in civilization. To borrow a line from Karl Marx, "a spectre was haunting Europe." But for Mary Shelley, that spectre was not communism, it was the Industrial Revolution. The nineteenth century world was changing. Europe countries were leading the forces of the Industrial Revolution, or the transition from primarily agricultural to modernized, technology–based societies. It was a breathtakingly changing time. Innovation was driving the way forward and impacting almost every aspect of human life, from where people lived (cities and towns versus the countryside) to how people worked (factories and offices versus farms) to how many children were born (many versus only a few). While the Industrial Revolution was growing, there was also a movement with art called Romanticism. Mary Shelley was one of the leading artists within this movement. Like many other Romantics, Shelley celebrated the beauty and power of nature. She feared the consequences of industrialization on nature and the humans whose body, mind, and spirit depend on the natural world. In this way, Shelley's story of Victor Frankenstein and his monstrous creation might be seen as a warning against reckless progress, a glimpse of where the Industrial Revolution, if not undertaken wisely, may lead. In her novel, Shelley acknowledges the benefits of modern innovation. However, she also ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 5. The Cultural Point Of View Psychologists use a wide range of ways to deal with, comprehend and clarify human behavior. The social/cultural point of view otherwise called sociocultural, is one method used to grasp why people act the way they do. This method looks to comprehend human behavior and identity improvement by inspecting the standards of the social gatherings and subgroups in which the individual is a part of. (Nevid, 2003) These principles are regularly unwritten rules that assist to direct a person's activities. Race and ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, social class, family conventions, associate gatherings, and age are a portion of the subgroups that may impact somebody 's behavior. (Ellyson, et al., 2014) The sociocultural method is stating that individuals behave a certain way due to their social and cultural connection. Individuals are influenced by other individuals they are around on a regular basis. Social forces are very influential in determining the behavior of individuals; however, they are frequently overlooked or underestimated. (Ellyson, et al., 2014) This perspective asks questions about why we obey people with authority, how we enter and maintain relationships, and what standards we consider appropriate, such as gender roles. The social/cultural viewpoint additionally advises us that we are impacted by components that are more extensive, yet generally as essential. (Nevid, 2003) By setting the investigation of the person in his or her cultural and social connection, a ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 6. Gellner Ernest Gellner Ernest Gellner is widely seen as one of the most important theorists in the study of nationalism. Gellner was introduced to nationalism and identity politics during his youth. As a Jewish Czech, Gellner was forced to leave his home in 1939, fleeing Prague for England in the wake of Hitler's takeover of Czechoslovakia. Upon his return to Prague after the war, he found a much changed city that had lost most of its multiculturalism. Not feeling at home, Gellner went back to England to pursue an academic career. From his experience as an 'outsider', he develops his first thoughts on identity politics and nationalism. For Gellner, nationalism is the imposition of a high culture on society replacing local, low cultures and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Yet, there is an argument to be made that the structure of Chinese society remains largely familial and rural. As well, the increasing income gap between the average Chinese citizen and members of the elite class has led some to question whether Chinese society is returning to a pseudo–feudalistic structure. Thus, despite Gellner's belief that the social makeup of an agrarian society is incompatible with an industrial society, is it possible that China manages to successfully incorporate elements of both? Summary: This is Gellner's classic modernization argument explaining the origin of nations. The author argues that nations are completely modern constructions borne of nationalism which is "primarily a political principle, which holds that the political and national unit should be congruent" (1). Nations were the result of pressures created by the demands of the industrial revolution. As soon as people from widely different backgrounds began to converge on cities, it was necessary to create some form of common identity for them. Perhaps more importantly, the demands of capitalism, specifically the need for constant retraining, demanded that there be a common language among workers. These demands were met by creating a common past, common culture (created by turning "low" folk cultures into "high" state cultures) and requiring a common language. With these common ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 7. Social Evolution In Stephen Crane's Bride Comes To Yellow Sky Man's inherent inquisitiveness propels social evolution. Therefore social growth is inevitable. Set in Yellow Sky, Texas in the 1800s, Stephen Crane's "Bride Comes To Yellow Sky" follows Texas Marshal Jack Potter who introduces his new wife to his hometown. The town's drunk, Scratchy Wilson is the antagonist who symbolizes man's primitive nature while Mrs. Potter symbolizes modernization. Crane skillfully structures the plot by abruptly replacing the climax with the denouncement, contrasts Scratchy's barbaric character with Mrs. Potter's well–mannered persona, and sets the story in Texan town during the Industrial Revolution, primarily emphasizing that social progress is an unstoppable train that will inevitably crush those against society advancing. The climax created a dramatic scene that is abruptly ended, thus highlighting the inevitability of social evolution. The climax occurs when the drunk, dangerous and slightly delusional Scratchy points a loaded gun to the chest of the unarmed marshal. However, the drama quickly diminishes once Potter introduces Scratchy to his wife. In response, Scratchy responds by yelling "No" (Crane 319) and leaves. Quickly shifting from the climax to the denouncement allows Crane to shine the spotlight on Scratchy's emotions. Scratchy's acquiescence speaks volumes of defeat. Scratchy feels like a fish out of water because most of his life he lived as a scandalous criminal fighting the law, however, society is straying from its "Wild West" ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 8. Gerhard Linski : Society And Technology The study of Gerhard Linski on society. He says that society is described as society and technology. He helps us understand the deference between societies that have existed throughout human life. He uses the term sociocultural evolution in which he mean "changes that occur as a society gains new technology." He said that the more technology a society has the faster it changes because the society tends to have more control of nature. Due to modern high tech technology people experience major social changes. This means that our behavior, values and norms may change overtime. An example of this here in Belize would be electronic devices. These devices help you to access different platforms of social media. This has change the way of communication here in Belize because you no longer need to send letter but you can easily access you cell phones and chat with each other. This s something that my great grand parents didn't even thought of doing. Hunting and gathering societies This society I would say is the simplest of all societies because you only need "simple tools to hunt for animals and gather vegetation for food." Many years ago hunters and gatherers could be found all over the world but day today this has changed and now there are only a few that remain. Since they can't control the environment they invest their time in games and gathering plants to eat. They normally are not large groups for the reason that they can only sustain certain amount of people ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 9. The Complications Of Globalization And The Process Of... "It is unimaginable to think that, in a world of such connection, there is so little meaning," says Jean Baudrillard, a respected French philosopher that, throughout the 1980s, critiqued what today we call globalization. Globalization, reduced to its ideological foundation, is the process by which increasing communicative technologies, like the Internet, have made our world "smaller." In essence, our communities, cultures, and lifestyles have become drastically linked. But, as questions surface about the connections of our era of rapid globalization to sovereignty, economic independence, and cultural uniqueness, we must understand that the question of globalization is not merely one of economics or sociology, but a broader social process of liberalism that is dooming the planet to certain ecological devastation. The given perspectives of said topic are, curtly, reductive. They address valid arguments, but seem to refuse with the root cause such cultural diffusion and adaptation. Quite frankly, globalism isn't new. It very much is a huge social process, but nothing that humanity is inexperienced with addressing. This ad hominem logic is truant in Perspective Three, which attempts to connect social contact with increasing risks of future conflict. However, xenophobic, reductive reasoning cannot connect how cultural diffusion historically has proved Perspective Three wrong. For instance, we can evaluate the contact between Germanic barbarians and Roman soldiers in the 3rd ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 10. My Service Learning Experience Aside from the instances in my service learning experience that I was able to relate to sociocultural factors and the impact that these factors had in her schooling, the experience of my student in my service learning project was that she was there to be tutored in order to expand her academic success. Both her and her sister attended the after school tutoring session each time I went. Her mother always dropped them off, and after the tutoring session, I would discuss with the mother Annie's progress for that session, what we did for that session, and things we were going to further work on for our next session. At my last session, Annie's mother made the effort to tell me how Annie had recently been announced as the highest scoring student on a particular exam and that she was excelling more in school. This conversation particularly struck me because it made me believe that in some small way, I contributed to some of that success that she had because of the intimate relationship we had and how we connected and learned together as a team. This is an instance in my service learning that affected me and made me truly believe that as a future educator, having a culturally relevant pedagogy and connecting with all my students on a personal level will help them to acquire academic success. Apart from my service learning experience, I completed my community cultural wealth at the Montopolis Recreation Center, which is also where I did my tutoring sessions. The Montopolis ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 11. Essay On Journey Of Faridabad Journey of Faridabad is a very remarkable study. This city is in a continuous motion moving from preindustrial to post industrial stage of development and also exploring its economy, moving primarily from primary and secondary to tertiary and quaternary. As a result, Faridabad has underwent into dramatic transformations. Stage 1: Before 1949 – Pre–Industrial Faridabad Until 1950 Faridabad was intended to be a marketing centre for milk and vegetables. The relationship to the surrounding country was less important than the influence of Delhi as consumption and employment centre. Stage 2: 1949–2000 – Creative Phase of Faridabad as an Industrial Hub Resettlement of Refugee After independence, the town became an important centre for the resettlement of refugees because of India–Pakistan partition. They were rehabilitated by Jawaharlal Nehru as part of the Pakistani Refugee Resettlement Project (PRRP) following partition in 1947. Also in an attempt to de–clog Delhi, many central government offices were consciously moved to this city. What was previously just a wasteland was converted into a thriving colony. This was also a big and unique human experiment, to resettle people" (Jain L.C, 1998) Bustling City – Genesis of Faridabad as an Industrial hub In 1949, the Government of East Punjab ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... He asserts secondary and tertiary (and quaternary) sectors will take precedence in the economy and also employment will grow faster in these sectors. Post–industrial cities are primarily the headquarters for corporations or governmental organizations, centres of research or educational institutes, and tourism or recreation resorts. With an increasing employment in the tertiary and quaternary occupations, especially in such fields as finance, health, leisure, research, education, and telecommunications and in various levels of development. (Dutt. A, et al. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 12. The Rural Privilege in A White Heron by Sarah Orne Jewett... The Rural Privilege in A White Heron by Sarah Orne Jewett Sarah Orne Jewett's "A White Heron" is a brilliant story of an inquisitive young girl named Sylvia. Jewett's narrative describes Sylvia's experiences within the mystical and inviting woods of New England. I think a central theme in "A White Heron" is the dramatization of the clash between two competing sets of values in late nineteenth–century America: industrial and rural. Sylvia is the main character of the story. We can follow her through the story to help us see many industrial and rural differences. Inevitably, I believe that we are encouraged to favor Sylvia's rural environment and values over the industrial ones. Our first introduction to these competing sets of ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Another example of the clash between industrial and rural values comes from Sylvia's own memories and recollections. Sylvia has been on the farm for a year now, but she still thinks about her industrial existence from a year ago. She wonders if everything is still carrying on in the same way as when she lived in the town. Sylvia recalls her adolescent adversary: the great–red faced boy. I think the great–red faced boy represents the industrial world to some degree because he frightens Sylvia, and when she thinks of him she wants to escape to the safety of the bushes. Thus, the rural world and nature are a sanctuary from the industrial world for Sylvia. Perhaps this escape parallels Sylvia's real escape from the industrial world to the sanctuary of the farm. I think Jewett supports this by writing "The thought of the great–red face boy who used to chase and frighten her made her hurry along the path to escape from the shadows of the trees" (133). Again, it is important to consider the woods as a shelter for Sylvia. I do not think that Sylvia is afraid of the trees. Rather, I think this passage seems to reinforce the idea that Sylvia is escaping from the industrial world, in her memories and in her values. Yet, at this point in the narrative, I still perceive Sylvia as a fearful and timid girl. Mrs. Tilley, Sylvia's grandmother, supports this perception by saying that Sylvia is "Afraid of folks" (133). Additionally, this ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 13. Media 's Influence On Women 's Thin Ideal Essay This Jesuit value entails, sharing gifts, pursuing justice, and having concern for the poor and marginalized. Working as a community to help those around you through the good and bad times. Having special concern for those in need. men and women who will live not for themselves, but for the service to God, to make those that suffer have the support they need in order to get back on their feet. Media 's Influence on Women 's Thin–Ideal Internalization Sociocultural factors, or in other words, customs, lifestyles and values that characterize a society or group, play a large part in the way individuals think of themselves and others. Throughout childhood, children are socialized to understand how to be accepted in society and what it takes in order to take the status of portraying what the right way to look like is. The act of adapting behavior to the norms of a culture or society is called socialization. We are shown these norms through magazines, social media websites, and through our peers that have learned these norms from other various subjects. Exposure to the thin–ideal concept through sociocultural factors, produces body image problems, shame, and depression. For over ten years, analysts have been looking at the part that introduction to glorified media pictures of female perfection plays in young ladies ' and ladies ' frequently antagonistic association with their own bodies. There is much confirmation that one normal for this perfection, as spoke to by the media, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 14. Globalization And Modernization Globalization equals Westernization or Modernization? Are these two terms similar or opposite to each other? Sam seems to be against Globalization by pointing only the Westernization as a dark side of it and Jane seems to be supporting it and only seeing the Modernization good side of it. Sam and Jane are not alone in this, Westernization or Modernization are two ideologies that are under constant debate. Some of us consider the two terms to go hand in hand with each other. A lot of questions are asked but the main one will always be: "Does Globalization mean the same thing as Westernization and the thing as Modernization?" We will start by looking up the definition of each one of these terms in the dictionary; – Globalization: the process by which businesses or other organizations develop international influence or start operating on an international scale – Westernization: to cause the ideas and ways of doing things that are common in North Americaand most of Europe to be used and accepted by someone or something in or from another part of the world cause (a country, person, or system) to adopt or be influenced by the cultural, economic, or political systems of Europe and North America. – Modernization: the process of adapting something to modern needs or habits. Now we can all agree that the three terms are completely different from each other and refer to completely different processes. With that established the question becomes if it's possible ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 15. Amazon CASE STUDY Amazon.com International Expansion of an e–tailer „We seek to be Earth ́s most customer–centric company for three primary customer sets: consumer customers, seller customers and developer customers." The story of Amazon.com is a marvelous successful one. A company ́s biography which since the foundation in 19941 (followed by webpage launch one year later in 19952) became the world's market leader in e–tailing by fully focusing on customer satisfaction and consequently aligning all organization activities, such as for example corporate strategy as well as technological portfolio, towards the consumer needs. From day one Jeff Bezos leads Amazon.com with a conspicuous overall philosophy of customer orientation and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The customer–centric approach is pervasive present in the organization and well–distributed on all hierarchies what obviously makes the difference and competitive value. (see also Exhibit B) Today Amazon.com operates in 7 countries, which are covering the regions Americas, Europe as well as Asia. (see image on the right) In 2010 the share of sales outside North America amounted 45,31%, representing an amount of $15,5 billion with a sales growth rate of 33%.10 Referring to the expansion timeline and sequence of new markets entered, the approach of the countries targeted for the business model adaption – primarily focused on trade–volume and potential – is simple and economically worthwhile. When pursuing international growth, there are market specifications, such as technological, political–legal and sociocultural conditions11, which need to be taken under consideration as whose recognition is significant. While the technological and political–legal progresses are under continuous development (e.g. internationalization, amalgamation of countries/regions, trade zones), intercultural differences are nearly steady but due to numerous dimensions not easily measurable and of high complexity. However, related to the general decision and first steps of market entries it is essential to be fully aware of all conditions of the target ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 16. Case Study : Starbucks Faces Global Opportunities And... Case Assignment Analysis Format MRKT 5000 Online Course Darion Wright Starbucks Faces Global Opportunities and Barriers Case Summary: This case assignment discusses the history of Starbuck's accomplishments as they entered the American coffee culture heritage. In 1983, The chairman and CEO Howard Schultz traveled to Italy and had a dream to carry the Italy coffeehouse ritual back to the United States. Schultz was focused on creating an environment meeting company that makes good coffee but also be a social experiment. Starbucks today opened more than 19,000 stores functioning in 62 countries. Starbucks has numerous rewards that globalization has offered and they have significantly benefited from it, while in the coffee industry. Starbucks has a wide– range in marketing strategies to benefit the customers. During the different obstacles that Starbucks has encountered, they must stay reliable in quality and uphold to adjust to different customer values. Key Marketing Issues: Globalization: Globalization is the tendency of investment funds and businesses to move beyond domestic and national markets to other markets around the globe, thereby increasing the interconnection of the world. Globalization has had the effect of markedly increasing international trade and cultural exchange. Such as Starbucks, globalization became the topic of discussion, because they had to adjust to the different coffee taste that originated in different countries to maintain their customer ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 17. Evolutionary Modernization Theory Paper Freedom is essential for the development of human beings. In order for individuals to be free, societies must guarantee a healthy environment which enables citizens to be governed by leaders that represent their interests. The system of government which allows for this is democracy. But democracy, which is a term that comes from the greek demos and kratos "rule of the people", will only thrive under appropriate conditions. Modernization theory claims that economic and technological development are the factors conducive to democratic changes (Inglehart, 2014). Economic development is described as "a process that influences growth and restructuring of an economy to enhance the economic well being of a community, creating jobs and wealth, and improving the quality of life" (Anderson, n.d.). For a long time, Modernization Theory was widely accepted, but after analysing evidence of democratic changes in many nations gathered during the past decades a revised version of it was proposed by Ronald Inglehart, known as the Evolutionary Modernization Theory. According to Inglehart (2014) economic development will tend to lead to democracy, but other outcomes are possible because there are many factors which influence what will happen. Economic development is the main factor that leads to democratization, but cultural change is the other factor that can determine the political outcome in a specific country. Most of the developed countries in the world have democratic regimes. As it ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 18. reserchpaper How did the United States become a mature industrial society in the decades after the civil war? Industrial economy By the 1913 the United States produced one third of the world's industrial output. The 1880 census showed for the first time that a majority of the work force engaged in non– farming jobs. Worker's freedom in an industrial age .for a minority of workers, the rapidly expanding industrial system created new forms of freedom. Between 1880 and 1900 an average of 35,000 workers perished each year in factory and mine accidents, the highest rate in the industrial world. Class divisions became more and more visible. Many of the withiest Americans consciously pursued an aristocratic lifestyle. The working class lived in desperate ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Many americans sensed that something had gone wrong in the nation's social development. Freedom, inequality, and democracy... many Americans views the concentration of wealth as inevitable, natural, and justified by progress. Gilded age reformers feared that with lower–class groups seeking to use government to advance their own interests, democracy was becoming a that to individual liberty and the rights of property. Liberty of contract. Labor contracts reconciled freedom and authority in the workplace. How did reformers of the period approach the problems of an industrial society? The knights of labor in an industrial age, the knights of labor organized all workers to improve social conditions. The conditions essential to liberty, labor raised the question whether meaningful freedom could exist in a situation of extreme economic inequality. Middle– class reformers, alarmad by fear of class warfare and the growing power of concentrated capital, social thinkers offered numerous plans for change. Middle–class reformers, alarmed by fear of class warfare and the growing power of concentrated capital, social thinkers offered numerous plans for change. Labor and politics, henry George ran for mayor of new york in 1886 on labor ticket. The events of 1886 suggested that labor might be on the verge of establishing itself as a permanent political force. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 19. Advanced Culture Advanced Culture – Subdued Nature The hoards of advertisements on television, in newspapers, and magazines, use whatever means in order to catch the attention of the viewer. They have gone so far as to use animals and nature in any form they wish. This is far more than just a moneymaking scheme, it is a representation of the relationship between nature and the advancing and dominant culture. It almost seems that the more technologically advanced a culture becomes, the more distant the relationship there is to nature. It is because of this that we are left to view the images that are put before us by others. Buying that carton of orange juice in the grocery store looks more appetizing if the pictures depict the oranges on the tree, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... When we look at the advertisement, the consumer is being offered the ability to obtain this "natural" product when they themselves can not grow it on a farm. The manufacturer attempts to work with this knowledge that the consumer that lives in the city is distant from the farmland that produces the fruits and vegetables and can therefore only rely on what is offered. Yet, the more the product seems closer to being natural, the closer it brings the consumer to nature, this is done by the imagery we see in the advertisement. The way in which images of nature are put all over the illustration and used to serve the purpose of selling a product is an art, and the manufacturer becomes an artist. This process is not much different from the photo booths that will take a picture of you head and paste it on someone else's. It is this type of artistry that subjects a thing of power in order to power the artist and is mentioned by Joyce Carol Oates when she comments on the fact that these representations help "create" and power the product. When Sun Raisin uses the pictures of farms and the natural grown fruits, which represent nature, to power the selling of their product they are implying natures passivity. I say this because nature is silent and is not much different than the silent woman that is shown picking fruits and vegetables. This idea is similar to the pastoral view which Carolyn Merchant speaks of, she says that the pastoral tradition ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 20. Cultural Factors In The Sociocultural Environment There are many things in life that influence our development in some shape or form. Whether in a positive or negative way, influence is something that surrounds us, our children and family and may determine the way we develop. We are all prone to influences in our environment. Although there are many factors that influence us, one specific example are the sociocultural factors we are surrounded by in our everyday lives. This paper will be discussing the strengths and weaknesses in the sociocultural environment that influence both children and families. Growing up in dangerous neighborhoods, having neglectful parents, or simply going through natural disasters are a few negative ways sociocultural factors may influence the way children and families develop. There are many people living in "safe" neighborhoods but there is also a decent amount of families who are living in very dangerous areas. There are areas in this city where crime is rarely ever seen, but there are also many areas where crime is seen on a daily basis and many families are going through that and have to either see it or live through it. This impacts a child a whole lot because they grow up hearing about people getting shot, people drug dealing, being addicted to alcohol and a variety of negative lifestyles children and families should not have to live through. Sadly, sometimes in between all this going on, children grow up having parents that may always be working or worse, be criminals. The parents ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 21. Historical Globalization Chapter 1 Summary Within the source the author is trying to say that the legacy of historical globalization has resulted in advancements in modern society and people have prospered from it. Mainly how the driving force of the ethnocentrism in historical globalization leads to a prosperous society. The specific line of "superior standard of living shared by individuals in the developed world was achieved through historical globalization" supports this and is also referring to how in the first world have benefited. The superior standard of living that the source is referring to is the comforts of life and how living standards have skyrocketed now. This taken along with the author following that up with "in the developed world" means that only the developed/first ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Also the author barely acknowledges the third world and how they have been affected by this and in turn it gives off a feeling that they aren't important which further communicates a sense of ethnocentrism. The historical globalization the author is referring to includes a long history and legacy of colonization, imperialism and ethnocentrism. Furthermore it states that " legacy left by centuries of exploration and colonization was beneficial for all mankind." Here it is saying that from imperialism, and colonialism it leads to benefits not just for first world countries but everyone. More so the author refuses to describe any beneficial effects that the developing countries have gotten leading the reader to think of them as insignificant and unimportant which is ethnocentrism. The author probably views globalization along with imperialism, ethnocentrism and colonialism as positive ideologies. One can infer that the author believes that due to these three ideologies it lead to the benefits and developments that the first world has nowadays. This is due to the way that the author talk about how it has benefited all of mankind and how it has lead to a superior standard of living. This source mainly links to colonialism, imperialism and ethnocentrism in ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 22. Themes Of Necttar In The Village Modernisation to the Village The way of living of people in villages is the culture of a society. Village way of life in India is considered to be full of cultural rituals and beliefs. People mostly work on plantations to earn a living for themselves and the family. Whereas modernization is the current term for an old process, the process of social change whereby less developed societies acquire characteristics common to more developed societies. This essay will discuss a theme of Nectar in a Sieve which is the tension between modernization and traditional ways of life. It will also discuss how different characters respond to elements that represent the coming of the modern world to the village. To begin with, Rukmani's curiousness on the arrival of the men to build tannery, changed to anger as she saw the effect of tannery on the village's way of life. Rukmani and some of the onlookers are somewhat taken aback when the newcomers boldly told them what to do in their own village. When at long last the tannery is finished, some people are unhappy to see the workers go, but Rukmani is not. She says, "They had invaded our village with clatter and din, had taken from us the maidan where our ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Nathan's hopes are crushed when his son, Thambi points out that he never did, and never will, own the land. However, Nathan was assuring Rukmani that the tannery was there to stay. He encourages her to go with the flow, saying "Bend like the grass, that you do not break" (Markandaya, 20). Seeing the negativity of Rukmani, Nathan was only comforting her with the truth of life. Nathan bears the results of the strike at the tannery more graciously than anyone. He declares that their children must do what they do for their benefit, not for their parents. He quiets everyone with his authority ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 23. The Importance Of The Sociocultural Environment Sociocultural factors are the social and cultural influences in a society that play a part in shaping who a person becomes. These factors are universal, but they have varying effects on lives from one community to another. In the city of Santa Rosa, Texas, the sociocultural environment introduces both threats and strengths that will impact the development of individuals and their families. While all cities have their weaknesses, Santa Rosa particularly is plagued by high levels of poverty, a poor education system, and the rising potential for neighborhood violence. Known as one of the poorest cities in Texas, Santa Rosa has an unemployment rate of about 9.9%, and an even higher level of poverty at 54.8% (Areavibes, 2017). These values are significantly higher than those of any other Texas cities, and, as a result, the individuals living here tend to face developmental challenges. When a child is in an environment such as this, they can begin to feel as if their life is unstable. They may not have the promise of three wholesome meals a day, and they may not have the resources for essential items, such as clothing and school supplies. In addition, in many low income homes, parents are forced to work long hours, leaving the children at home to care for themselves, and possibly their siblings. As a result of exposure to circumstances such as these, children can begin to develop conditions such as anxiety and depression, which can affect them throughout the rest of their lives. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 24. The Pros And Cons Of Globalization The Twentieth Century was a period of great change in the world. Throughout it, there were revolutions, world wars, and the rise and fall of empires. Yet still, in part due to the changes, the globe grew closer. Not only were the lives of individuals change but entire countries became interdependent. Some of these processes were positive and others negative but all helped the world to become a global community. During the Twentieth century, the world became much more interconnected. Industrialization, imperialism, and the globalization are the three most important processes that contributed to the formation of the twentieth century. The industrial revolution began around the 1820s and was, in fact, a series of revolutions. Each new major development marks the start of a subsequent revolution. The industrial revolution was not simply a change in technology but also brought about major social and political changes as well. Specifically, the success of Great Britain at the time laid the groundwork for Western Hegemony, a theme that would be prevalent throughout the century. Due to England's abundance of natural resources and its existing class structures, the country was able to excel. The industrial revolution brought about new forms of production. Goods could be made much quicker and in larger quantities. One of the most important technologies developed during this time was the steam engine and the railroad system. These allowed for large amounts of trade goods to be ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 25. Child Development Essay Vygotsky sociocultural theory of child development has direct application towards the experiences of children in classroom settings (Berk, 2008). Vygotsky's theory was that all people in a child's environment were important to a child's growth, which would apply directly to classroom settings. In 1945, Rene Spitz wrote concerning the high death of infants under one–year–of–age who resided in institutions (Spitz, 1945). Spitz noted that the reason for the high death rate was a lack of stimulation and not disease along with the absence of the mothers. The work of Spitz and other researchers supports Vygotsky's ideas that a child is not only a product of their cultural environment, but also affects their environment (Berk, 2008). ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... He was fifteen and his friend Johnny who was thirteen, was having trouble with a broad area of academic performance. Mr. Parashont helped his friend master some math basics. This newfound expertise, however minute it might seem to observers, was enough to give his Johnny pride and confidence so that Johnny was then able to overcome his other academic challenges one–by–one. Gordon and Browne (2010) and Berk (2000) discuss the effectiveness of similar scenarios in the classroom. They referred to the process as "cooperative learning, in which small groups of peers at varying levels of competence work toward a common goal, [that] also fosters more advanced thinking" (p. 123). The increased competence also fosters pride that then serves to energize children and the adults with whom they work. Cognitive, social, and cultural interaction provides a foundation upon which children build. In doing so, children gain freedom to grow further and expand the limits of their environments (Vygotsky & Stone, 2005). This growth becomes contagious for students of all ages and abilities (Gordon & Browne, 2010).. Vygotsky felt that through positive interactions children would be stimulated and enjoy positive cognitive, emotional, and cultural development. The results of the landmark study Spitz published in 1945 were amongst the first proof of just how much human life and growth relied on interactions with others ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 26. Sociocultural Theory Essay Within each culture and community there are different standards of beauty. These standards of beauty shape the way individuals see the world, others around them, and themselves. Though some beauty standards, such as physical appearance have been sustained. Through the lens of sociocultural theory, I will analyze how body dysmorphia has influenced three generations of women within my family. To aide my analysis, I will define and employ terms such as sociocultural theory, body image, and body dysmorphia to connect my family's historical roots to body image and how it relates to their current perceptions and behaviors. Finally, I will utilize my grandmother's, mother's, and sister's personal accounts of how body image was communicated to ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This disorder affects men and women equally, and though the causes are not clearly understood, are thought to involve neurobiological and psychosocial factors. Psychological causes include one's experience with body image messaging, making impressionable children and adolescents susceptible. Along with the powerful influence of a person's family origin, such as children whose parents are obsessed with dieting, appearance, or are highly critical of others or their children's looks. In this paper, I am focusing on the women within my family: my grandmother, my mother and my sister. Body image issues are independent of gender, but the topic seems to be more openly discussed amongst women, which is how I know it has personally effected all the women in my family. Their personal accounts from interviews conducted by myself reflect how body image was communicated to them as children, and show that message shaped their experience and values now. My Grandmother Dona Vivian Morris, who my family affectionately refers to as Mammie, is the matriarch of my mother's family. When asked about her body image as an adolescent she said that she has always seen herself as overweight, partially because she grew up with four sisters whose slim body types did not resemble hers. Mammie remembers her mother would often disapprove ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 27. My Current Perceptions Of Children 's Learning Essay What I believe about children's learning, is that family are first teachers, with a knowledge of their own, situated from their families and communities. Sociocultural theory maintains children's learning is situated in the social and cultural contexts of their families and communities (Arthur et al. 2015, p. 37). Children learn in lots of different ways and in early childhood education the mantra is there is no right or wrong way for learning. How a child learns is completely individual, some children are quick to absorb learning where other children find it challenging to begin, and some other children prefer solitary play for learning. The educational theory that most aligns with my current view is Vygotsky with his theories of social interaction, scaffolding, zone of proximal development and use of language. Eun cited in Arthur et al. (2015, p. 94), describes social interaction among two or more people as the greatest motivating force for learning and development. My current perceptions of young children's learning comes from working as a parent helper assistant at my children's kindergarten for many years and my observation of children's learning. Sociocultural theorists typically link activity to participation in culturally organized practices (Cobb 2015, p. 14). Ball cited in (Cobb 2015, p. 14) observes that "educational improvements consider that understanding and community is about building bridges between the experiences of the child and the knowledge of the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 28. Soc 290 Final : The Gods Must Be Crazy Melissa Mayfield Professor Cox SOC 290– Spring May 5, 2015 SOC 290 Final: The Gods Must be Crazy 1. Lenski Our study of Lenski focused on Lenski's division of the history of society into five society types, and how the advancement of technology led to social inequality. In The Gods Must be Crazy, the Bushmen of the Kalahari Desert would fall into Lenski's Hunter–Gatherer society type. Lenski defines a Hunter–Gatherer society as a small, nomadic group of people who make use of simple tools to hunt animals and gather vegetation for food (Lenski 90). The Bushman use simple tools made of wood and bone. The video shows a bushman hunting with a wooden bow and arrow, as well as men and women gathering berries for food and plant roots for water. Lenski would also note that the Bushmen see themselves as one family group. There are only a few dozen of them, and they appear to all contribute to the communal upbringing of the tribe's children. The communal family dynamic is also present in the education of the young. There does not appear to be one assigned teacher, and those who teach do not appear to be exclusive in who they teach. All able adults contribute to the group's survival in whatever way they can, and all participate in passing on these skills to the children. In the video you see a Bushman showing the children what berries are good to eat and how to get water from the shavings of a plant root. The Bushmen have little control of their environment. Being so, Lenski would ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 29. Globalization And Globalization Globalization could be defined as "the interaction of people, states, or countries through the growth of the international flow of money, ideas, and culture.". The effect globalization has on history is enormous. Without the migration aspect of globalization there would be no culture mix, no economics since no one would be trading, or no politics without the migration of cultures or opinions. Globalization is the basis of why we have history. In particular, the spread of yoga is a great example of migration. Krishnamacharya had started practicing yoga in Mysore. His yoga that he taught was a combination of different types of yoga from different teachers. Without migration, yoga wouldn't have spread from the traditional techniques to Krishnamacharya's techniques. According to Singleton, he transformed yoga into a ""physical culture" or "exercise"" instead of it being a religious activity (180). From there, he spread yoga throughout the world. By teaching his students his techniques, they were able to spread it to others and get others involved. Without the migration of yoga, the United States and other countries wouldn't be able to enjoy yoga and all that it has to offer. Comparatively, the Roman Games are another great instance in which the spread of ideas has furthered other parts of the world. The gladiatorial shows were a "sport" for the Romans. They consisted of gladiators being paired against one another to fight until one of them "won," "spared," or "died," (Fagan, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 30. Global Perspective Study The study of the larger world and our society's place in it is called Global Perspective. Our society uses global perspective in order to stay connected as well as informed with the world. In fact our world is connected more so now than ever because of technology; computers, phones, televisions, radios etc. Now people all over the world can listen to any type of music that they desire; Beyonce, Train, Edith Piaf, Rammstein. Say someone you know has a craving for Italian cuisine. This person could go through all the pain and suffering of trying to plan a trip to Italy to try true Italian food. Or this person could simply go on YouTube or even a cooking website to prepare their own Italian dish. People don't realize that even simple things like ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... After reading chapter one I had a better understanding of what the true meaning of sociological thinking. Seeing the general in the particular is the standard definition of sociological perspective/thinking. On the other hand the definiton for sociological thinking differs for everyone in general. For me sociological perspective/thinking empowers me to be more involved in my society just like the text book states in chapter one on page thirteen. While my brother and I were in high school my brother had ended up joining the volunteer fire department. After about three years witnessing how involed he was with the community of our town I decided to join. I can now say it was the best decision I made. Another benefit of sociological thinking or perspective regarding my personal life is that I can as a person speak freely. Which in my case is wonderful since I enjoy speaking my mind (free speach). As far as sociological perspective reflecting on my career right now is highly influenced. I currently working in a legal office which runs by the rules of the American Bar Assosiation. These rules were made up over the years and shaped as a community that evey lawyer and his staff has to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 31. Essay On American Culture In the story of Samir, he illustrates that globalization and local culture wrestle with each other to determine what people deem correct. In his account, Samir portrays the westernized medicine's dominance over an indigenous Costa Rican medicine man. In addition, Samir highlights many benefits that globalization opens the door to. For example, globalization has opened him to other cultures and languages allowing him to become more understanding of other people and to notice a unity among all people (Culture and Globalization, n.d.). My experience with globalization has been mostly limited to interactions via the internet. However, I believe these interactions have opened my mind to be more understanding of the various struggles people face outside of my small community. In similarity with Samir, I notice a common unity among people throughout the world. I believe that past all the cultural differences most people want the same things in life, which we can be summarize as a connection with others. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... With the advancement of a connected world through the internet, more cultures are able to see the benefits of free expression. People can share ideas that trigger movements for more equality in areas that have suppressed its people. The most worrisome challenge that I have seen against globalization is the idea that ideas that are more popular would erase a culture. However, I do not believe this is entirely true. I think people will keep cultural aspects that are beneficial and forget the less important aspects. As the world becomes more connected, we will worry less about the things that separate us and focus on advancing ideas that benefit us ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 32. The Importance Of Technology On Society Today's society is more affected by technology than it ever has been and it is changing every second of every day. Advancements in technology have been changing our culture and society for hundreds of years; from hunters and gatherers to information overload to a future of the most advanced technologies we could imagine. These fast advancements in technology quickly change our society. This statement was greatly expanded upon by three people: Gerhard Lenski, Leslie White, and Alvin Toffler Gerhard Lenski is a sociologist. He is mostly known for his contributions to sociology of religion, ecological–evolutionary social theory, and social inequality. He believed that technological advancement is the most basic factor in evolution of societies and cultures. Lenski focusses on the changes that happen as a society acquires new technology. He believed that the more technological information that a society has, the faster it will change. He labels five types of societies based on their levels of technology. The first of these societies are the hunting and gathering societies. These societies use simple tools to hunt animals and gather their food and vegetation. Lenski stated that at this level, groups are small, scattered, and usually nomadic, leading to fairly inefficient food production. The next society would be the horticultural and pastoral societies. This society bases technology on the use of hand tools to raise crops. Pastoralism is technology that supports the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 33. Canada as a Post-Industrial Country Canada as a Post–Industrial Country Canada's practices of work and work values have been evolving throughout history. From the early days when agriculture dominated the economy, to the gradual transition into manufacturing and processing, we can see that Canada's economy is always changing. More recently, we are seeing a similar shift from manufacturing to the service sector of the economy. This paper provides an analysis of Canadian society and whether we can be considered a post–industrial country. A society tends to be classified according to the degree to which different groups within that society have unequal access to rewards such as resources, status, or power. Although humans have established many types of societies over time, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... We can foresee a decline in inequality as technical skills and "know–how" begin to determine class rather than the ownership of property, but this can also lead to potential social divisions based on those who have suitable education and those who do not. Post–industrial societies will become more concerned with the welfare of all members of society, as everyone works together to solve humanity's problems through technology and science. As Canada evolved from a rural and resource–based economy into an urban industrialized one, many aspects of Canadians' day–to–day lives were affected. Throughout the 1900s, Canada saw major changes with the advance of industrialization. Large factories started to appear in cities across Canada, bringing with it rapid urban growth and additional social problems. Exploitation of workers was typical, forcing Canadians to work long hours in unsafe conditions. Owners of manufacturing plants paid minimal wages, making it hard for the working class to live above poverty. These extreme conditions led to strikes, labour unions, and eventually political action. After the Second World War, jobs in the service sector had become much more prominent due to increases in skilled labour. Plant closings, employment downsizing, reduced production levels, and technological innovations were all factors in creating a de–industrialized economy. White–collar workers were ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 34. The Importance Of Trauma Informed Care As a support worker, it is necessary that organisation would need to have a foundational understanding of how to identify trauma associated responses. Similarly, there needs to be understanding when initiating treatment interventions for trauma–related symptoms, it is aimed to be conducive and empowering to the individual (Trauma–Informed Care: A Sociocultural Perspective, 2014). Also, all support workers should be skilled in identifying the symptoms of trauma, as well as not disregarding the probability of substance abuse and co–occurring disorders (Trauma–Informed Care: A Sociocultural Perspective, 2014). Hence, when creating an individual treatment plan, all likelihoods of self–medicating and individualised coping mechanisms should be reflected ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This includes teaching staff to manage their work capacities, withhold from meeting all traumatised clients in the same day (distribute them over the week), regular breaks from work; and moreover, disassociating work from your own private life (Berger, & Quiros, 2014). It is pertinent to educate staff on vicarious trauma well before them working, which in turn will make staff more open to support if vicarious trauma arises (Berger, & Quiros, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 35. Comparing Fried, Harris And Leslie White Unlike anthropologists before them Morton H. Fried, Marvin Harris and Leslie White are including less about humans themselves in their theories. When looking at the theories of earlier theorists (such as Herbert Spencer) one can see that change seems to be driven by human beings and their progress. Though it is not as prominent in the theories of Fried, Harris and White, there is still a relationship between humans and change. Fried theorizes about the evolution of social stratification and the state, he takes 10,000 years of archaeological data and forms a theory going from Stage A to Stage D. Harris is focused in India, studying how the treatment of the cow reflects the culture. White looks at energy and how a society's increased ability to harness and save it has to do with technological advancement. In each of these theories it is evident that under certain circumstances human beings are relevant to the anthropological understanding of sociocultural change. Fried tells his readers about the development of society through transition. The rankings of society start at Stage A where there is a non–rank, non–stratified ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This development varies according to the amount of energy per capita per year harnessed and put to work (pg. 226). White also mentions the use of technology and its role in the harnessing of energy. The efficiency of the technology allows for cultural advancement due to more energy being harnessed by man and being put to work effectively. White looks at all of this in terms of numbers, he quantifies the amount of energy gained and needed in order to produce culture–living and culture building. With efficient and effective use of technology and tools comes more energy. This advancement allows human beings the time and energy to take care of their bodily needs – food, water, shelter, etc. – in order to even think about harnessing extra energy (pg. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 36. The Internet : The End Of The Internet The End of The Internet The internet offers what seems like endless ways to communicate. Just over the past 15 years, sending letters has morphed into sending the same messages digitally (or "electronically," as the name implies): referring to email. And even still, in many ways, email has taken a backseat in digital communication. Friends don't "email" each other and ask about going to the movies. They use snapchat, they text (technically not internet–based but I'm including it for the sake of this argument), they post their thoughts on facebook, and they "slide into dm's on twitter." That's just a start of it. It's estimated that the average "millennial" in the US uses the internet for up to 54 percent of his or her daily communication (Kotzanikolaoa, 2017). Over half of the communication taking place is nonverbal, internet–based. That's why if the internet disappeared today, there would be a significant loss in the social life, which is highly communication–dependent. Gerhard Lenski's theorization about "sociocultural evolution" is defined as ""the process by which structural reorganization is affected through time, eventually producing a form or structure which is qualitatively different from the ancestral form (Blute, 2016)." Basically, slow change taking place over time will eventually change the society. Think of an artist with a solid white canvas. If that artist brushed blue paint onto the canvas, one stroke at a time, eventually it would change color completely. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 37. Sociocultural Theory And Second Language Learning Sociocultural Theory and Second Language Learning "Language is the most pervasive and powerful cultural artefact that humans possess to mediate their connection to the world, to each other, and to themselves" [Lantolf & Thorne 2007:201]. The idea of mediation inherent in this notion of the language is a fundamental element of Sociocultural Theory [SCT], one of the most influential approaches to learning and mental development since the 1990s, drawing its origin from the work of soviet psychologist and semiotist Lev Vygotsky and his colleagues. This essay aims to describe major principles of SCT and its central constructs, particularly Semiotic Mediation and The Zone of Proximal Development and gives examples of related research studies ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... conversation]. 1.1 The Linguistics Mediation of Psychological Processes "Language as a mean of mediation" According to Wertsch [1985], Vygotsky's primary concern was with language as a psychological tool. His work paid particular attention to "the effect signs have on the psychology or cognition of communicating individuals." [Mertz 1985:11] This postulate implies that the move from elementary to higher mental processes is shaped and mediated by language. Foundation in cognitive development is social interaction, it is .therefore, important to emphasize that this transformation occurs within the social context. At its core, Vygotsky's theory investigates the mediating role of language in the cognitive development of children, however, the "social" principles underlying his theory can be applied into L2 context. Stemming from this idea, the process of second language acquisition is understood as a meaning–making collaborative activity. 1.2 Languages Mediating Sociocultural Though [Whorf] "Language as shaper of ideas" & "You are what you speak" According to Mertz [1985], the process of semiotic mediation described by Whorf is the same as that described by Vygotsky: "in both cases language is the medium by which external reality shapes internal psychology"[p.12]. Nevertheless, Whorf's theory differs from Vygotsky's theory in one aspect. Vygotsky focuses on children's cognitive development, whereas Whorf "replaces children's mental processes by wider–scale cultural ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 38. Sociocultural Aspects in the United States that Affect... In the book, International Business: Theory and Practice, Verizon–MCI in its domestic environment, the United States, is placed in the cultural cluster with the Anglo countries. This cluster consists of Australia, Canada, United States, United Kingdom, Ireland, and South Africa. The company's cultural cluster, for its global environment, China, is with the Far Eastern countries. This cluster includes China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, and the Philippines. These cultural clusters approaches are based on the countries' geographic similarities. They are grouped together depending on the location of the people in the world. Each cluster demonstrates differences within each cluster, as well as, differences among the countries. These differences reflect that other factors should have been considered when the groups were placed together. The major socio–cultural factors of the United States, as they relate to other countries around the world, are individualism, masculinity, and indulgence. China's socio–cultural factors are power distance, masculinity, and pragmatism. Individualism, which addresses the self–image of people, in regards to begin considered "I" or "We," is a socio–factor that refers to Verizon–MCI's. The factor masculinity makes references to whether a society is driven by competition, achievement, and success. It is measured at work and play and begins during childhood. The indulgence factor is based on how people are raised and reflect to what extent people can control ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 39. The Causes Of Capitalism In The Gilded Age In The Gilded Age (1873), authors Mark Twain and Charles Warner suggested that the era's slogan was, "Get rich, dishonestly if we can, honestly if we must." This judgment on the time period has considerable merit and accuracy, I believe. The urge and push towards Capitalism and getting rich became increasingly pronounced during this era. People from all walks of life were drawn into new ways of life by the desire to seek their fortune. Some headed to the West during the gold rushes, others headed West to start homesteads, businesses, or find economic opportunity by working on the rails, in mining, logging, farming, or at the growing ports and towns in the West. In the East, more and more people abandoned agrarian lifeways and sought economic opportunity in the cities. The Industrial Revolution spurred a spirit of invention and many tried to get rich and find fortune through creating new inventions. With increased trading and manufacturing opportunity, the potentials for wealth generation increased. Businessmen, investors, speculators, bankers, and politicians sought to cash in on recent developments in technology, trade, and transportation. Conversely, for those whom economic independence and opportunity was limited, a great dissatisfaction grew, in part, because of the belief that economic prosperity and the riches were not being fairly shared across social classes. The desire to get rich, accumulate wealth and have the freedoms they granted heavily influenced many people's decisions, politics, and business practices, for better or for worse. I feel there is great accuracy in suggesting that the era was very preoccupied with getting rich. By saying, "dishonestly if we can, honestly if we must," the authors speak to the more questionable or unethical practices that were occurring during the era. Political corruption was rampant. Big companies used their wealth and power to influence legislation and legislators to support favorable policies. Many politicians had direct ties to businesses that today we could call a conflict of interest. Some directed companies, or held stock in them, or received salaries from them. These politicians would then support policies that benefited the companies and their own ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...