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Salient features of environment
protection act 1986
C. ANUSHA
1st m. Com
Year:2023to 2025
S. T. Hindu college, Nagercoil,
Kanniyakumari district,
Tamil Nadu,
India
INTRODUCTION
Overview: The Environment (Protection) Act
(EPA) was enacted in 1986 with the objective of
providing the protection and improvement of the
environment.
• It empowers the Central Government to
establish authorities charged with the mandate of
preventing environmental pollution in all its
forms and to tackle specific environmental
problems that are peculiar to different parts of
the country.
Salient Features of the EPA Act
• Powers of the Central Government: The
Central Government shall have the power to
take all such measures as it deems necessary
or expedient for the purpose of protecting and
improving the quality of the environment in
coordination with the State Governments.
• Plan and Execute a nation-wide programe for
the prevention, control and abatement of
environmental pollution.
• Nagar van udyan scheme:
This scheme aim to create almost 200 city
forest and educate pepole about conserving plants
and biodiversity
Sawchh bharat abhiyam:
The honble prime minister mr narendar
modi in2014 initiated the programme to eradicate
waste from the country and make people aware of
cleanliness and its benefits
Project tiger:
project tiger got adopted in 1973 to
protect tigers in india as the number of tigers
decreased
National wetland conservation programme:
The government of india launched this
scheme to prevent further wetland degradation
and undertake measures to conserve wetland
Compliance with Procedural
Safeguards
• No individual shall handle or shall be caused
to handle any hazardous substance except in
accordance with the procedure and without
complying with the safeguards, as prescribed.
• Powers of Entry and Inspection :
Any person empowered by the Central
Government shall have a right to enter (with the
assistance deemed necessary) at any place
Establishment of Environmental
Laboratories
• Establish environmental laboratories.
Recognise any laboratory or institute as
environmental laboratories to carry out the
functions entrusted to such a laboratory.
Appointment of Government Analyst
• A Government Analyst is appointed by the
Central Government for the analyst the
samples of air, water, soil or other substance
sent to a recognised environmental
laboratory.
Penalties for Offences
• Non-compliance or Contravention to any of
the provisions of the Act is considered as an
offence.
• Any offences under the EPA are punishable
with the imprisonment of upto five years or a
fine upto one lakh rupees or both.
Offences by Companies
• If an offence under this Act is committed by a
company, every person directly in charge of
the company, at the time of the commitment
of offence, is deemed to be guilty unless
proven otherwise.
Offences by Government
Departments
• If an offence under this Act has been
committed by any Department of
Government, the Head of the Department
(HoD) shall be deemed to be guilty of the
offence unless proven otherwise.
Cognizance of offences
• The Central Government or any authority on
behalf of the former.
• A person who has approached the Courts
after a 60-day notice has been furnished to
the Central Government or the authority on
its behalf.
References
• Https://www.drishtiias. com
Thank you 🙂

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Salient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptx

  • 1. Salient features of environment protection act 1986 C. ANUSHA 1st m. Com Year:2023to 2025 S. T. Hindu college, Nagercoil, Kanniyakumari district, Tamil Nadu, India
  • 2. INTRODUCTION Overview: The Environment (Protection) Act (EPA) was enacted in 1986 with the objective of providing the protection and improvement of the environment. • It empowers the Central Government to establish authorities charged with the mandate of preventing environmental pollution in all its forms and to tackle specific environmental problems that are peculiar to different parts of the country.
  • 3. Salient Features of the EPA Act • Powers of the Central Government: The Central Government shall have the power to take all such measures as it deems necessary or expedient for the purpose of protecting and improving the quality of the environment in coordination with the State Governments.
  • 4. • Plan and Execute a nation-wide programe for the prevention, control and abatement of environmental pollution. • Nagar van udyan scheme: This scheme aim to create almost 200 city forest and educate pepole about conserving plants and biodiversity Sawchh bharat abhiyam: The honble prime minister mr narendar modi in2014 initiated the programme to eradicate waste from the country and make people aware of cleanliness and its benefits
  • 5. Project tiger: project tiger got adopted in 1973 to protect tigers in india as the number of tigers decreased National wetland conservation programme: The government of india launched this scheme to prevent further wetland degradation and undertake measures to conserve wetland
  • 6. Compliance with Procedural Safeguards • No individual shall handle or shall be caused to handle any hazardous substance except in accordance with the procedure and without complying with the safeguards, as prescribed. • Powers of Entry and Inspection : Any person empowered by the Central Government shall have a right to enter (with the assistance deemed necessary) at any place
  • 7. Establishment of Environmental Laboratories • Establish environmental laboratories. Recognise any laboratory or institute as environmental laboratories to carry out the functions entrusted to such a laboratory.
  • 8. Appointment of Government Analyst • A Government Analyst is appointed by the Central Government for the analyst the samples of air, water, soil or other substance sent to a recognised environmental laboratory.
  • 9. Penalties for Offences • Non-compliance or Contravention to any of the provisions of the Act is considered as an offence. • Any offences under the EPA are punishable with the imprisonment of upto five years or a fine upto one lakh rupees or both.
  • 10. Offences by Companies • If an offence under this Act is committed by a company, every person directly in charge of the company, at the time of the commitment of offence, is deemed to be guilty unless proven otherwise.
  • 11. Offences by Government Departments • If an offence under this Act has been committed by any Department of Government, the Head of the Department (HoD) shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence unless proven otherwise.
  • 12. Cognizance of offences • The Central Government or any authority on behalf of the former. • A person who has approached the Courts after a 60-day notice has been furnished to the Central Government or the authority on its behalf.

Editor's Notes

  1. Environment protection act 1986