SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 59
Constitutional Reform in Hong Kong
ROUND THREE
HONG KONG TRANSITION PROJECT
June 2013
Survey Objectives:
• Establish baselines before next round on:
– Views on current governance system
– Public opinion on reform options
– Views by party, identity, interests (occupation,
ownership) and demographics (age, sex,
education, income, etc)
Part of Hong Kong Transition Project’s long term
study of public policy and political development
since 1982
January 2013
• 920 permanent residents randomly contacted by
telephone
– +/- 3 points range of error at 95% confidence interval
• Research conducted by Hong Kong Transition
Project, supported by a grant from the
Community Development Initiative
Hong Kong Transition Project
3 FUNDAMENTAL SHIFTS→
from circumstances of Rounds 1 (2005) & 2 (2010)
• Inter-generational Transfer Shift (1)
– From Old > Young: Education/Healthcare
– To Young> Old:Retirement/Geriatric care
• Identity Shift (2) as part of Generational Shift (3)
– From Hong Kong person > Chinese/Chinese Hong
Konger
– From Chinese = Patriotic Communist > Chinese =
National/Cultural Patriot
• 1st Gen since 1841 to grow up in Hong Kong,
China—with no effective memory of foreign rule
Generational Shift →
• 1 July 2013 marks 16 years from 1997 handover
• 1 July 2014 (Occupy Central deadline for “genuine
democracy” reforms) = 17 years
• 2017 Chief Executive election = 20 years
• Few under age 30 remember pre-1997
circumstances as lived experience. It is “history”
to them.
• Lived experience of this generation is: Bearing
burden of the past, not enjoying its legacy nor
believing in steady progress because they have
seen it happen
SOURCE: Carine Lai, Louisa
Mitchell, Michael DeGolyer,
The Changing Faces of Hong
Kong: “A Graphical Summary
of Women’s Status, 1991-
2011” (Feb 2013) The
Women’s Foundation/Civic
Exchange http://www.civic-
exchange.org/wp/201302gen
der_en/ p.17
By 2031, % of population
over 60 will rise from 13%
in 2011 to 26%+
Low birthrate, high aging rate crisis
• Shifting burden of care is burdening families in
new ways
• New forms of stress/unequal forms of stress on
families, caregivers and rising generation. No
parents = no stress. No children = not enough
help. High stress on fewer children.
• “Family friendly” policy does not recognize
“family” is no longer parents with children; it is
children with parents
• Intervening variable on satisfaction and fairness
of policy making questions
Average Adjusted income for Ages 20-29,
Census and By-census (1991, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011)
Approximately what percentage of your
personal income do you contribute to
your parents?
BY Generation
Personal income to parents by
Monthly Family Income
Effect of SHIFTS on
IDENTITY
First Post-1997/Post-1841 Generation
< 30 year olds were <13 in 1997. Too young to
understand colonial Hong Kong.
First time over 60s and under 30s equal in a survey
National Education Effect?
“How would you describe yourself” by
Occupation
No student
chose
“Chinese” ID
Changes in identity
Birthplace
Hong Kong for Hong Kong born, but means something different now
ID by Generation
Which of these do you consider the
most important to you personally to
see protected and promoted?
Most important to promote & protect
BY Generation
How does the celebration of 1st
October National Day make you feel?
National Day feelings BY ID
Effect of SHIFTS on
Political ID
Which parties protect/represent best
by Age
60:40 pro-
democracy/pro-
establishment split
among voters NOW is
not sustained among
teenagers
For the Establishment
• Demographics are running against the
establishment parties
• Stalling reform does not improve their
position
• Youth are stressed and highly volatile
• Demographics and economics are raising that
stress and volatility UNLESS action is taken to
address its sources
Satisfaction with performance of CY
Leung by Generational group
How much do you believe CY Leung has:
How much do you believe Leung has:
Protected HK’s interest in national
matters BY Generation
How much do you believe Leung: Will
implement a fair system of nomination and
direct election for CE in 2017 BY Generation
How much do you trust Chief Executive
Leung to handle relations with:
How much do you trust CE Leung to
handle relations with: People like
yourself BY Generation
How much do you trust CE Leung to handle
relations with: People like yourself BY
Parental support paid
Are you currently worried or not about
these specific aspects affecting you,
your family or Hong Kong? (Jan 2013)
In your view, what is the most urgent
issue that should be addressed by the
Chief Executive?
Effect of Shifts on Reform
System Reform . . .
• Is more than economics and elections
• Political-Economic reform must achieve:
– Effective shareholder input,
– More widely owned decisions,
– Efficient implementation of decisions,
– followed by scientific evaluation and
independent monitoring,
– subject to review and public feedback
Reform Principles & Options
• For more effective input
• Legitimating outcomes
• Effectuating implementation
• Monitoring governance
Support/oppose directly electing the
Chief Executive (Trend chart)
Support/Oppose direct election of all
Legco seats (10 Year Trend)
Summary Table of Recoded support or
opposition on reform options
Would you support/oppose: Keep the CE
Election Committee at 1200 members as
present and make it the nominating committee
for candidates for direct elections in 2017?
Would you support/oppose: Reform FCs by
eliminating corporate voting and equalizing, as
much as possible, the number of voters in
each constituency?
Would you support/oppose: Abolish
FCs for Legco but keep them for the CE
Nominating Committee
Would you support/oppose the following:
Abolish FCs completely in all forms?
Do you currently support or oppose:
Abolishing all FCs, both traditional and
new DC FC seats
Do you currently support or oppose:
Abolishing only the traditional small
circle 30 FC seats
Do you currently support/oppose: Replacing the 30
small circle FC seats with 30 more seats elected by
everyone like the 5 new DC seats
Do you currently support/oppose: Abolishing the
split voting system in Legco which requires majority
votes in both the FCs and GCs for a bill or
amendment to pass
If all FC seats are directly geographic elected,
would you support or oppose: A minimum
required percentage of votes to get a seat, of
say, 10%, like in Germany?
Would you support/oppose: CE
candidates be allowed to be members of
a party?
Which party represents best by
Support/oppose CE candidates allowed to be
members of a party NO DIFFERENCE BY PARTY
Which party represents best by How much do you
believe CY Leung: Will implement a fair system of
nomination and direct election for CE in 2017
Which party represents best by
Support direct election of Chief
Executive
Which party represents best by
Support direct election all Legco
members
Which party represents best by
Abolish FCs completely in all forms
Which party represents best by
Abolish FCs for Legco, but keep for CE
election
Which party represents best by Keep present 1200
member CE Election Committee as Nominating
Committee, no change
Which party represents best by Do you
think gov makes policies fairly
Fairness in policy making BY Generation
Fairness of policy making BY Work
Sector
Research conducted by the Hong Kong Transition Project
Details of methods and earlier reports available at: http://www.hktp.org
Hong Kong Transition Project Research since 1988 has been funded by RGC
grants, grants from National Democratic Institute for International Affairs, Civic
Exchange, The Women’s Foundation and many other local and international
NGOs, and Community Development Foundation
The Hong Kong Transition Project is a non-partisan, multi-disciplinary,
multi-national academic research project committed to good
governance and the highest standard public policy research

More Related Content

What's hot

Minimum wage tues042614
Minimum wage tues042614Minimum wage tues042614
Minimum wage tues042614Travis Klein
 
It's Election Year - So What?!
It's Election Year - So What?! It's Election Year - So What?!
It's Election Year - So What?! Manu Caddie
 
Christina Fong: Fairness and demands for redistribution
Christina Fong: Fairness and demands for redistributionChristina Fong: Fairness and demands for redistribution
Christina Fong: Fairness and demands for redistributionOECD, Economics Department
 
AAPOR 2012 Langer AASRO
AAPOR 2012 Langer AASROAAPOR 2012 Langer AASRO
AAPOR 2012 Langer AASROLangerResearch
 
AAPOR 2012 Langer Election
AAPOR 2012 Langer ElectionAAPOR 2012 Langer Election
AAPOR 2012 Langer ElectionLangerResearch
 
AS Government & Politics - Voting and Social Influences
AS Government & Politics - Voting and Social InfluencesAS Government & Politics - Voting and Social Influences
AS Government & Politics - Voting and Social Influenceskirstyodair
 

What's hot (7)

Minimum wage tues042614
Minimum wage tues042614Minimum wage tues042614
Minimum wage tues042614
 
It's Election Year - So What?!
It's Election Year - So What?! It's Election Year - So What?!
It's Election Year - So What?!
 
Christina Fong: Fairness and demands for redistribution
Christina Fong: Fairness and demands for redistributionChristina Fong: Fairness and demands for redistribution
Christina Fong: Fairness and demands for redistribution
 
QAC Poster
QAC PosterQAC Poster
QAC Poster
 
AAPOR 2012 Langer AASRO
AAPOR 2012 Langer AASROAAPOR 2012 Langer AASRO
AAPOR 2012 Langer AASRO
 
AAPOR 2012 Langer Election
AAPOR 2012 Langer ElectionAAPOR 2012 Langer Election
AAPOR 2012 Langer Election
 
AS Government & Politics - Voting and Social Influences
AS Government & Politics - Voting and Social InfluencesAS Government & Politics - Voting and Social Influences
AS Government & Politics - Voting and Social Influences
 

Similar to Round 3 of Constitutional Reform in Hong Kong. A study by the Hong Kong Transition Project

Measuring people’s perceptions, evaluations and experiences: Why they matter ...
Measuring people’s perceptions, evaluations and experiences: Why they matter ...Measuring people’s perceptions, evaluations and experiences: Why they matter ...
Measuring people’s perceptions, evaluations and experiences: Why they matter ...StatsCommunications
 
Colorado Association of School Boards
Colorado Association of School BoardsColorado Association of School Boards
Colorado Association of School BoardsJohnCr8on
 
Questionnaire Design
Questionnaire DesignQuestionnaire Design
Questionnaire Designjravish
 
Critique on a research: “Citizen Attitudes toward the Concept of Good Govern...
Critique on a research:  “Citizen Attitudes toward the Concept of Good Govern...Critique on a research:  “Citizen Attitudes toward the Concept of Good Govern...
Critique on a research: “Citizen Attitudes toward the Concept of Good Govern...Kan Yuenyong
 
Pol 140 voting_political_participation
Pol 140 voting_political_participationPol 140 voting_political_participation
Pol 140 voting_political_participationatrantham
 
The Citizens Assembly Potential
The Citizens Assembly PotentialThe Citizens Assembly Potential
The Citizens Assembly Potentialguestee1420
 
Pol 140 voting_political_participation half 140 sp15
Pol 140 voting_political_participation half 140 sp15Pol 140 voting_political_participation half 140 sp15
Pol 140 voting_political_participation half 140 sp15atrantham
 
Political Campaign Planning parte2
Political Campaign Planning parte2Political Campaign Planning parte2
Political Campaign Planning parte2garneth87
 
Civic Engagement Research at Facebook
Civic Engagement Research at FacebookCivic Engagement Research at Facebook
Civic Engagement Research at Facebookmysociety
 
Democracy and participation revision 2014
Democracy and participation revision 2014Democracy and participation revision 2014
Democracy and participation revision 2014ajo909
 
Kenya: Improving democracy in spite of political rhetoric
Kenya: Improving democracy in spite of political rhetoricKenya: Improving democracy in spite of political rhetoric
Kenya: Improving democracy in spite of political rhetoricAfrobarometer
 
Public funding and the voluntary sector
Public funding and the voluntary sectorPublic funding and the voluntary sector
Public funding and the voluntary sectorArjen de Wit
 
Political polling new technology and old politics 2
Political polling new technology and old politics 2Political polling new technology and old politics 2
Political polling new technology and old politics 2bali2010
 
2010 ALLIES Learning Exchange: Naomi Alboim - Making Change Happen: Building ...
2010 ALLIES Learning Exchange: Naomi Alboim - Making Change Happen: Building ...2010 ALLIES Learning Exchange: Naomi Alboim - Making Change Happen: Building ...
2010 ALLIES Learning Exchange: Naomi Alboim - Making Change Happen: Building ...Maytree
 

Similar to Round 3 of Constitutional Reform in Hong Kong. A study by the Hong Kong Transition Project (20)

Measuring people’s perceptions, evaluations and experiences: Why they matter ...
Measuring people’s perceptions, evaluations and experiences: Why they matter ...Measuring people’s perceptions, evaluations and experiences: Why they matter ...
Measuring people’s perceptions, evaluations and experiences: Why they matter ...
 
AP Public Opinion
AP Public OpinionAP Public Opinion
AP Public Opinion
 
Colorado Association of School Boards
Colorado Association of School BoardsColorado Association of School Boards
Colorado Association of School Boards
 
Questionnaire Design
Questionnaire DesignQuestionnaire Design
Questionnaire Design
 
Critique on a research: “Citizen Attitudes toward the Concept of Good Govern...
Critique on a research:  “Citizen Attitudes toward the Concept of Good Govern...Critique on a research:  “Citizen Attitudes toward the Concept of Good Govern...
Critique on a research: “Citizen Attitudes toward the Concept of Good Govern...
 
AP Public Opinion
AP Public OpinionAP Public Opinion
AP Public Opinion
 
Pol 140 voting_political_participation
Pol 140 voting_political_participationPol 140 voting_political_participation
Pol 140 voting_political_participation
 
The Citizens Assembly Potential
The Citizens Assembly PotentialThe Citizens Assembly Potential
The Citizens Assembly Potential
 
Pol 140 voting_political_participation half 140 sp15
Pol 140 voting_political_participation half 140 sp15Pol 140 voting_political_participation half 140 sp15
Pol 140 voting_political_participation half 140 sp15
 
Political Campaign Planning parte2
Political Campaign Planning parte2Political Campaign Planning parte2
Political Campaign Planning parte2
 
Civic Engagement Research at Facebook
Civic Engagement Research at FacebookCivic Engagement Research at Facebook
Civic Engagement Research at Facebook
 
Democracy and participation revision 2014
Democracy and participation revision 2014Democracy and participation revision 2014
Democracy and participation revision 2014
 
Kenya: Improving democracy in spite of political rhetoric
Kenya: Improving democracy in spite of political rhetoricKenya: Improving democracy in spite of political rhetoric
Kenya: Improving democracy in spite of political rhetoric
 
Public funding and the voluntary sector
Public funding and the voluntary sectorPublic funding and the voluntary sector
Public funding and the voluntary sector
 
Peterson slides.2.20.09
Peterson slides.2.20.09Peterson slides.2.20.09
Peterson slides.2.20.09
 
Political polling new technology and old politics 2
Political polling new technology and old politics 2Political polling new technology and old politics 2
Political polling new technology and old politics 2
 
Digital artifact e mm
Digital artifact e mmDigital artifact e mm
Digital artifact e mm
 
2010 ALLIES Learning Exchange: Naomi Alboim - Making Change Happen: Building ...
2010 ALLIES Learning Exchange: Naomi Alboim - Making Change Happen: Building ...2010 ALLIES Learning Exchange: Naomi Alboim - Making Change Happen: Building ...
2010 ALLIES Learning Exchange: Naomi Alboim - Making Change Happen: Building ...
 
Jan 08
Jan 08Jan 08
Jan 08
 
Trust and confidence among BI receivers
Trust and confidence among BI receiversTrust and confidence among BI receivers
Trust and confidence among BI receivers
 

More from DesigningHongKong

Elena Galli Giallini left Japan after she collected these scary images of rad...
Elena Galli Giallini left Japan after she collected these scary images of rad...Elena Galli Giallini left Japan after she collected these scary images of rad...
Elena Galli Giallini left Japan after she collected these scary images of rad...DesigningHongKong
 
Blight of 'temporary' (1982) refuse facilities in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong
Blight of 'temporary' (1982) refuse facilities in Causeway Bay, Hong KongBlight of 'temporary' (1982) refuse facilities in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong
Blight of 'temporary' (1982) refuse facilities in Causeway Bay, Hong KongDesigningHongKong
 
Sustainable Transport: Making Hong Kong a walkable city
Sustainable Transport: Making Hong Kong a walkable citySustainable Transport: Making Hong Kong a walkable city
Sustainable Transport: Making Hong Kong a walkable cityDesigningHongKong
 
Kai Tak - A wasted planning opportunity
Kai Tak - A wasted planning opportunity Kai Tak - A wasted planning opportunity
Kai Tak - A wasted planning opportunity DesigningHongKong
 
TD response on list of missing and sub standard pedestrian links in Southern ...
TD response on list of missing and sub standard pedestrian links in Southern ...TD response on list of missing and sub standard pedestrian links in Southern ...
TD response on list of missing and sub standard pedestrian links in Southern ...DesigningHongKong
 
Environmental management and practice in the rural New Territories
Environmental management and practice in the rural New TerritoriesEnvironmental management and practice in the rural New Territories
Environmental management and practice in the rural New TerritoriesDesigningHongKong
 
Preliminary Analysis of Potential Sites for New Boat Clubs in Hong Kong
Preliminary Analysis of Potential Sites for New Boat Clubs in Hong KongPreliminary Analysis of Potential Sites for New Boat Clubs in Hong Kong
Preliminary Analysis of Potential Sites for New Boat Clubs in Hong KongDesigningHongKong
 
創建香港: 尖沙咀天星碼頭巴士總站
創建香港: 尖沙咀天星碼頭巴士總站 創建香港: 尖沙咀天星碼頭巴士總站
創建香港: 尖沙咀天星碼頭巴士總站 DesigningHongKong
 
Designing Kong Kong: Tsim Sha Tsui terminus design illustrations
Designing Kong Kong: Tsim Sha Tsui terminus design illustrationsDesigning Kong Kong: Tsim Sha Tsui terminus design illustrations
Designing Kong Kong: Tsim Sha Tsui terminus design illustrationsDesigningHongKong
 
CitySpeak XIII - Lee Hoyin HKU
CitySpeak XIII - Lee Hoyin HKUCitySpeak XIII - Lee Hoyin HKU
CitySpeak XIII - Lee Hoyin HKUDesigningHongKong
 
CitySpeak XIII - Edward leung Aedas
CitySpeak XIII - Edward leung AedasCitySpeak XIII - Edward leung Aedas
CitySpeak XIII - Edward leung AedasDesigningHongKong
 
CitySpeak XIII - Juan Du HKU
CitySpeak XIII - Juan Du HKUCitySpeak XIII - Juan Du HKU
CitySpeak XIII - Juan Du HKUDesigningHongKong
 
CitySpeak XIII - Henry Rolph PMT
CitySpeak XIII - Henry Rolph PMTCitySpeak XIII - Henry Rolph PMT
CitySpeak XIII - Henry Rolph PMTDesigningHongKong
 
CitySpeak XIII - Bob Dickensheet SCAD
CitySpeak XIII - Bob Dickensheet SCADCitySpeak XIII - Bob Dickensheet SCAD
CitySpeak XIII - Bob Dickensheet SCADDesigningHongKong
 
CitySpeak XII: The Water We Drink - Carlos Lo of Polytechnic University
CitySpeak XII: The Water We Drink - Carlos Lo of Polytechnic UniversityCitySpeak XII: The Water We Drink - Carlos Lo of Polytechnic University
CitySpeak XII: The Water We Drink - Carlos Lo of Polytechnic UniversityDesigningHongKong
 
City Speak XII - Water We Drink: LT Ma of Water Supplies Department
City Speak XII - Water We Drink: LT Ma of Water Supplies DepartmentCity Speak XII - Water We Drink: LT Ma of Water Supplies Department
City Speak XII - Water We Drink: LT Ma of Water Supplies DepartmentDesigningHongKong
 
City Speak XII - Water We Drink: BY Lee of HKO
City Speak XII - Water We Drink: BY Lee of HKOCity Speak XII - Water We Drink: BY Lee of HKO
City Speak XII - Water We Drink: BY Lee of HKODesigningHongKong
 
City Speak XI - Is transport the solution or the enemy? Simon Ng of HKUST
City Speak XI - Is transport the solution or the enemy? Simon Ng of HKUSTCity Speak XI - Is transport the solution or the enemy? Simon Ng of HKUST
City Speak XI - Is transport the solution or the enemy? Simon Ng of HKUSTDesigningHongKong
 

More from DesigningHongKong (20)

Elena Galli Giallini left Japan after she collected these scary images of rad...
Elena Galli Giallini left Japan after she collected these scary images of rad...Elena Galli Giallini left Japan after she collected these scary images of rad...
Elena Galli Giallini left Japan after she collected these scary images of rad...
 
Blight of 'temporary' (1982) refuse facilities in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong
Blight of 'temporary' (1982) refuse facilities in Causeway Bay, Hong KongBlight of 'temporary' (1982) refuse facilities in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong
Blight of 'temporary' (1982) refuse facilities in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong
 
Sustainable Transport: Making Hong Kong a walkable city
Sustainable Transport: Making Hong Kong a walkable citySustainable Transport: Making Hong Kong a walkable city
Sustainable Transport: Making Hong Kong a walkable city
 
Kai Tak - A wasted planning opportunity
Kai Tak - A wasted planning opportunity Kai Tak - A wasted planning opportunity
Kai Tak - A wasted planning opportunity
 
TD response on list of missing and sub standard pedestrian links in Southern ...
TD response on list of missing and sub standard pedestrian links in Southern ...TD response on list of missing and sub standard pedestrian links in Southern ...
TD response on list of missing and sub standard pedestrian links in Southern ...
 
Environmental management and practice in the rural New Territories
Environmental management and practice in the rural New TerritoriesEnvironmental management and practice in the rural New Territories
Environmental management and practice in the rural New Territories
 
步行尖沙咀
 步行尖沙咀  步行尖沙咀
步行尖沙咀
 
Walking in Tsim Sha Tsui
Walking in Tsim Sha TsuiWalking in Tsim Sha Tsui
Walking in Tsim Sha Tsui
 
Preliminary Analysis of Potential Sites for New Boat Clubs in Hong Kong
Preliminary Analysis of Potential Sites for New Boat Clubs in Hong KongPreliminary Analysis of Potential Sites for New Boat Clubs in Hong Kong
Preliminary Analysis of Potential Sites for New Boat Clubs in Hong Kong
 
創建香港: 尖沙咀天星碼頭巴士總站
創建香港: 尖沙咀天星碼頭巴士總站 創建香港: 尖沙咀天星碼頭巴士總站
創建香港: 尖沙咀天星碼頭巴士總站
 
Designing Kong Kong: Tsim Sha Tsui terminus design illustrations
Designing Kong Kong: Tsim Sha Tsui terminus design illustrationsDesigning Kong Kong: Tsim Sha Tsui terminus design illustrations
Designing Kong Kong: Tsim Sha Tsui terminus design illustrations
 
CitySpeak XIII - Lee Hoyin HKU
CitySpeak XIII - Lee Hoyin HKUCitySpeak XIII - Lee Hoyin HKU
CitySpeak XIII - Lee Hoyin HKU
 
CitySpeak XIII - Edward leung Aedas
CitySpeak XIII - Edward leung AedasCitySpeak XIII - Edward leung Aedas
CitySpeak XIII - Edward leung Aedas
 
CitySpeak XIII - Juan Du HKU
CitySpeak XIII - Juan Du HKUCitySpeak XIII - Juan Du HKU
CitySpeak XIII - Juan Du HKU
 
CitySpeak XIII - Henry Rolph PMT
CitySpeak XIII - Henry Rolph PMTCitySpeak XIII - Henry Rolph PMT
CitySpeak XIII - Henry Rolph PMT
 
CitySpeak XIII - Bob Dickensheet SCAD
CitySpeak XIII - Bob Dickensheet SCADCitySpeak XIII - Bob Dickensheet SCAD
CitySpeak XIII - Bob Dickensheet SCAD
 
CitySpeak XII: The Water We Drink - Carlos Lo of Polytechnic University
CitySpeak XII: The Water We Drink - Carlos Lo of Polytechnic UniversityCitySpeak XII: The Water We Drink - Carlos Lo of Polytechnic University
CitySpeak XII: The Water We Drink - Carlos Lo of Polytechnic University
 
City Speak XII - Water We Drink: LT Ma of Water Supplies Department
City Speak XII - Water We Drink: LT Ma of Water Supplies DepartmentCity Speak XII - Water We Drink: LT Ma of Water Supplies Department
City Speak XII - Water We Drink: LT Ma of Water Supplies Department
 
City Speak XII - Water We Drink: BY Lee of HKO
City Speak XII - Water We Drink: BY Lee of HKOCity Speak XII - Water We Drink: BY Lee of HKO
City Speak XII - Water We Drink: BY Lee of HKO
 
City Speak XI - Is transport the solution or the enemy? Simon Ng of HKUST
City Speak XI - Is transport the solution or the enemy? Simon Ng of HKUSTCity Speak XI - Is transport the solution or the enemy? Simon Ng of HKUST
City Speak XI - Is transport the solution or the enemy? Simon Ng of HKUST
 

Recently uploaded

Top 10 Most Beautiful Russian Pornstars List 2024
Top 10 Most Beautiful Russian Pornstars List 2024Top 10 Most Beautiful Russian Pornstars List 2024
Top 10 Most Beautiful Russian Pornstars List 2024locantocallgirl01
 
Part I - Anticipatory Grief: Experiencing grief before the loss has happened
Part I - Anticipatory Grief: Experiencing grief before the loss has happenedPart I - Anticipatory Grief: Experiencing grief before the loss has happened
Part I - Anticipatory Grief: Experiencing grief before the loss has happenedbkling
 
TEST BANK For Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology, 14th Edition by...
TEST BANK For Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology, 14th Edition by...TEST BANK For Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology, 14th Edition by...
TEST BANK For Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology, 14th Edition by...rightmanforbloodline
 
Difference Between Skeletal Smooth and Cardiac Muscles
Difference Between Skeletal Smooth and Cardiac MusclesDifference Between Skeletal Smooth and Cardiac Muscles
Difference Between Skeletal Smooth and Cardiac MusclesMedicoseAcademics
 
VIP ℂall Girls Kaggadasapura {{ Bangalore }} 6378878445 WhatsApp: Me 24/7 Hou...
VIP ℂall Girls Kaggadasapura {{ Bangalore }} 6378878445 WhatsApp: Me 24/7 Hou...VIP ℂall Girls Kaggadasapura {{ Bangalore }} 6378878445 WhatsApp: Me 24/7 Hou...
VIP ℂall Girls Kaggadasapura {{ Bangalore }} 6378878445 WhatsApp: Me 24/7 Hou...deepakkumar115120
 
Lachesis Mutus- a Homoeopathic medicinel.pptx
Lachesis Mutus- a Homoeopathic medicinel.pptxLachesis Mutus- a Homoeopathic medicinel.pptx
Lachesis Mutus- a Homoeopathic medicinel.pptxMUHAMMADZAHID314
 
Drug development life cycle indepth overview.pptx
Drug development life cycle indepth overview.pptxDrug development life cycle indepth overview.pptx
Drug development life cycle indepth overview.pptxMohammadAbuzar19
 
parliaments-for-health-security_RecordOfAchievement.pdf
parliaments-for-health-security_RecordOfAchievement.pdfparliaments-for-health-security_RecordOfAchievement.pdf
parliaments-for-health-security_RecordOfAchievement.pdfDr. Nasir Mustafa
 
SEMESTER-V CHILD HEALTH NURSING-UNIT-1-INTRODUCTION.pdf
SEMESTER-V CHILD HEALTH NURSING-UNIT-1-INTRODUCTION.pdfSEMESTER-V CHILD HEALTH NURSING-UNIT-1-INTRODUCTION.pdf
SEMESTER-V CHILD HEALTH NURSING-UNIT-1-INTRODUCTION.pdfSachin Sharma
 
spinal cord disorders and paraplegia .
spinal cord disorders  and  paraplegia .spinal cord disorders  and  paraplegia .
spinal cord disorders and paraplegia .Mohamed Rizk Khodair
 
VIP ℂall Girls Miyapur Hyderabad 7014168258 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Ava...
VIP ℂall Girls Miyapur Hyderabad 7014168258 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Ava...VIP ℂall Girls Miyapur Hyderabad 7014168258 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Ava...
VIP ℂall Girls Miyapur Hyderabad 7014168258 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Ava...anshu khanak#N06
 
VIP ℂall Girls Korremula Hyderabad 9079923931 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe A...
VIP ℂall Girls Korremula Hyderabad 9079923931 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe A...VIP ℂall Girls Korremula Hyderabad 9079923931 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe A...
VIP ℂall Girls Korremula Hyderabad 9079923931 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe A...rano khanrk#N06
 
VIP ℂall Girls Kothanur {{ Bangalore }} 6378878445 WhatsApp: Me 24/7 Hours Se...
VIP ℂall Girls Kothanur {{ Bangalore }} 6378878445 WhatsApp: Me 24/7 Hours Se...VIP ℂall Girls Kothanur {{ Bangalore }} 6378878445 WhatsApp: Me 24/7 Hours Se...
VIP ℂall Girls Kothanur {{ Bangalore }} 6378878445 WhatsApp: Me 24/7 Hours Se...deepakkumar115120
 
VIP ℂall Girls Budhwar Peth Pune 8005736733 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Ava...
VIP ℂall Girls Budhwar Peth Pune 8005736733 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Ava...VIP ℂall Girls Budhwar Peth Pune 8005736733 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Ava...
VIP ℂall Girls Budhwar Peth Pune 8005736733 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Ava...patanjali9823#S07
 
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS  by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUELCONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS  by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUELMKARTHIKEMMANUEL
 
TEST BANK For Nursing Leadership, Management, and Professional Practice for t...
TEST BANK For Nursing Leadership, Management, and Professional Practice for t...TEST BANK For Nursing Leadership, Management, and Professional Practice for t...
TEST BANK For Nursing Leadership, Management, and Professional Practice for t...rightmanforbloodline
 
TEST BANK For Porth's Essentials of Pathophysiology, 5th Edition by Tommie L ...
TEST BANK For Porth's Essentials of Pathophysiology, 5th Edition by Tommie L ...TEST BANK For Porth's Essentials of Pathophysiology, 5th Edition by Tommie L ...
TEST BANK For Porth's Essentials of Pathophysiology, 5th Edition by Tommie L ...rightmanforbloodline
 
Intro to disinformation and public health
Intro to disinformation and public healthIntro to disinformation and public health
Intro to disinformation and public healthTina Purnat
 
ℂall Girls Chandigarh 💚8868886958 💚ℂall Girls Serviℂe Available Day and Night
ℂall Girls Chandigarh  💚8868886958  💚ℂall Girls Serviℂe Available Day and Nightℂall Girls Chandigarh  💚8868886958  💚ℂall Girls Serviℂe Available Day and Night
ℂall Girls Chandigarh 💚8868886958 💚ℂall Girls Serviℂe Available Day and Nightminkseocompany
 
Creeping Stroke - Venous thrombosis presenting with pc-stroke.pptx
Creeping Stroke - Venous thrombosis presenting with pc-stroke.pptxCreeping Stroke - Venous thrombosis presenting with pc-stroke.pptx
Creeping Stroke - Venous thrombosis presenting with pc-stroke.pptxYasser Alzainy
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Top 10 Most Beautiful Russian Pornstars List 2024
Top 10 Most Beautiful Russian Pornstars List 2024Top 10 Most Beautiful Russian Pornstars List 2024
Top 10 Most Beautiful Russian Pornstars List 2024
 
Part I - Anticipatory Grief: Experiencing grief before the loss has happened
Part I - Anticipatory Grief: Experiencing grief before the loss has happenedPart I - Anticipatory Grief: Experiencing grief before the loss has happened
Part I - Anticipatory Grief: Experiencing grief before the loss has happened
 
TEST BANK For Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology, 14th Edition by...
TEST BANK For Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology, 14th Edition by...TEST BANK For Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology, 14th Edition by...
TEST BANK For Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology, 14th Edition by...
 
Difference Between Skeletal Smooth and Cardiac Muscles
Difference Between Skeletal Smooth and Cardiac MusclesDifference Between Skeletal Smooth and Cardiac Muscles
Difference Between Skeletal Smooth and Cardiac Muscles
 
VIP ℂall Girls Kaggadasapura {{ Bangalore }} 6378878445 WhatsApp: Me 24/7 Hou...
VIP ℂall Girls Kaggadasapura {{ Bangalore }} 6378878445 WhatsApp: Me 24/7 Hou...VIP ℂall Girls Kaggadasapura {{ Bangalore }} 6378878445 WhatsApp: Me 24/7 Hou...
VIP ℂall Girls Kaggadasapura {{ Bangalore }} 6378878445 WhatsApp: Me 24/7 Hou...
 
Lachesis Mutus- a Homoeopathic medicinel.pptx
Lachesis Mutus- a Homoeopathic medicinel.pptxLachesis Mutus- a Homoeopathic medicinel.pptx
Lachesis Mutus- a Homoeopathic medicinel.pptx
 
Drug development life cycle indepth overview.pptx
Drug development life cycle indepth overview.pptxDrug development life cycle indepth overview.pptx
Drug development life cycle indepth overview.pptx
 
parliaments-for-health-security_RecordOfAchievement.pdf
parliaments-for-health-security_RecordOfAchievement.pdfparliaments-for-health-security_RecordOfAchievement.pdf
parliaments-for-health-security_RecordOfAchievement.pdf
 
SEMESTER-V CHILD HEALTH NURSING-UNIT-1-INTRODUCTION.pdf
SEMESTER-V CHILD HEALTH NURSING-UNIT-1-INTRODUCTION.pdfSEMESTER-V CHILD HEALTH NURSING-UNIT-1-INTRODUCTION.pdf
SEMESTER-V CHILD HEALTH NURSING-UNIT-1-INTRODUCTION.pdf
 
spinal cord disorders and paraplegia .
spinal cord disorders  and  paraplegia .spinal cord disorders  and  paraplegia .
spinal cord disorders and paraplegia .
 
VIP ℂall Girls Miyapur Hyderabad 7014168258 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Ava...
VIP ℂall Girls Miyapur Hyderabad 7014168258 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Ava...VIP ℂall Girls Miyapur Hyderabad 7014168258 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Ava...
VIP ℂall Girls Miyapur Hyderabad 7014168258 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Ava...
 
VIP ℂall Girls Korremula Hyderabad 9079923931 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe A...
VIP ℂall Girls Korremula Hyderabad 9079923931 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe A...VIP ℂall Girls Korremula Hyderabad 9079923931 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe A...
VIP ℂall Girls Korremula Hyderabad 9079923931 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe A...
 
VIP ℂall Girls Kothanur {{ Bangalore }} 6378878445 WhatsApp: Me 24/7 Hours Se...
VIP ℂall Girls Kothanur {{ Bangalore }} 6378878445 WhatsApp: Me 24/7 Hours Se...VIP ℂall Girls Kothanur {{ Bangalore }} 6378878445 WhatsApp: Me 24/7 Hours Se...
VIP ℂall Girls Kothanur {{ Bangalore }} 6378878445 WhatsApp: Me 24/7 Hours Se...
 
VIP ℂall Girls Budhwar Peth Pune 8005736733 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Ava...
VIP ℂall Girls Budhwar Peth Pune 8005736733 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Ava...VIP ℂall Girls Budhwar Peth Pune 8005736733 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Ava...
VIP ℂall Girls Budhwar Peth Pune 8005736733 WhatsApp: Me All Time Serviℂe Ava...
 
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS  by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUELCONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS  by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
 
TEST BANK For Nursing Leadership, Management, and Professional Practice for t...
TEST BANK For Nursing Leadership, Management, and Professional Practice for t...TEST BANK For Nursing Leadership, Management, and Professional Practice for t...
TEST BANK For Nursing Leadership, Management, and Professional Practice for t...
 
TEST BANK For Porth's Essentials of Pathophysiology, 5th Edition by Tommie L ...
TEST BANK For Porth's Essentials of Pathophysiology, 5th Edition by Tommie L ...TEST BANK For Porth's Essentials of Pathophysiology, 5th Edition by Tommie L ...
TEST BANK For Porth's Essentials of Pathophysiology, 5th Edition by Tommie L ...
 
Intro to disinformation and public health
Intro to disinformation and public healthIntro to disinformation and public health
Intro to disinformation and public health
 
ℂall Girls Chandigarh 💚8868886958 💚ℂall Girls Serviℂe Available Day and Night
ℂall Girls Chandigarh  💚8868886958  💚ℂall Girls Serviℂe Available Day and Nightℂall Girls Chandigarh  💚8868886958  💚ℂall Girls Serviℂe Available Day and Night
ℂall Girls Chandigarh 💚8868886958 💚ℂall Girls Serviℂe Available Day and Night
 
Creeping Stroke - Venous thrombosis presenting with pc-stroke.pptx
Creeping Stroke - Venous thrombosis presenting with pc-stroke.pptxCreeping Stroke - Venous thrombosis presenting with pc-stroke.pptx
Creeping Stroke - Venous thrombosis presenting with pc-stroke.pptx
 

Round 3 of Constitutional Reform in Hong Kong. A study by the Hong Kong Transition Project

  • 1. Constitutional Reform in Hong Kong ROUND THREE HONG KONG TRANSITION PROJECT June 2013
  • 2. Survey Objectives: • Establish baselines before next round on: – Views on current governance system – Public opinion on reform options – Views by party, identity, interests (occupation, ownership) and demographics (age, sex, education, income, etc) Part of Hong Kong Transition Project’s long term study of public policy and political development since 1982
  • 3. January 2013 • 920 permanent residents randomly contacted by telephone – +/- 3 points range of error at 95% confidence interval • Research conducted by Hong Kong Transition Project, supported by a grant from the Community Development Initiative Hong Kong Transition Project
  • 4. 3 FUNDAMENTAL SHIFTS→ from circumstances of Rounds 1 (2005) & 2 (2010) • Inter-generational Transfer Shift (1) – From Old > Young: Education/Healthcare – To Young> Old:Retirement/Geriatric care • Identity Shift (2) as part of Generational Shift (3) – From Hong Kong person > Chinese/Chinese Hong Konger – From Chinese = Patriotic Communist > Chinese = National/Cultural Patriot • 1st Gen since 1841 to grow up in Hong Kong, China—with no effective memory of foreign rule
  • 5. Generational Shift → • 1 July 2013 marks 16 years from 1997 handover • 1 July 2014 (Occupy Central deadline for “genuine democracy” reforms) = 17 years • 2017 Chief Executive election = 20 years • Few under age 30 remember pre-1997 circumstances as lived experience. It is “history” to them. • Lived experience of this generation is: Bearing burden of the past, not enjoying its legacy nor believing in steady progress because they have seen it happen
  • 6. SOURCE: Carine Lai, Louisa Mitchell, Michael DeGolyer, The Changing Faces of Hong Kong: “A Graphical Summary of Women’s Status, 1991- 2011” (Feb 2013) The Women’s Foundation/Civic Exchange http://www.civic- exchange.org/wp/201302gen der_en/ p.17 By 2031, % of population over 60 will rise from 13% in 2011 to 26%+
  • 7. Low birthrate, high aging rate crisis • Shifting burden of care is burdening families in new ways • New forms of stress/unequal forms of stress on families, caregivers and rising generation. No parents = no stress. No children = not enough help. High stress on fewer children. • “Family friendly” policy does not recognize “family” is no longer parents with children; it is children with parents • Intervening variable on satisfaction and fairness of policy making questions
  • 8. Average Adjusted income for Ages 20-29, Census and By-census (1991, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011)
  • 9. Approximately what percentage of your personal income do you contribute to your parents? BY Generation
  • 10. Personal income to parents by Monthly Family Income
  • 11. Effect of SHIFTS on IDENTITY
  • 12. First Post-1997/Post-1841 Generation < 30 year olds were <13 in 1997. Too young to understand colonial Hong Kong. First time over 60s and under 30s equal in a survey
  • 13. National Education Effect? “How would you describe yourself” by Occupation No student chose “Chinese” ID
  • 15. Birthplace Hong Kong for Hong Kong born, but means something different now
  • 17. Which of these do you consider the most important to you personally to see protected and promoted?
  • 18. Most important to promote & protect BY Generation
  • 19. How does the celebration of 1st October National Day make you feel?
  • 21. Effect of SHIFTS on Political ID
  • 22. Which parties protect/represent best by Age 60:40 pro- democracy/pro- establishment split among voters NOW is not sustained among teenagers
  • 23. For the Establishment • Demographics are running against the establishment parties • Stalling reform does not improve their position • Youth are stressed and highly volatile • Demographics and economics are raising that stress and volatility UNLESS action is taken to address its sources
  • 24. Satisfaction with performance of CY Leung by Generational group
  • 25. How much do you believe CY Leung has:
  • 26. How much do you believe Leung has: Protected HK’s interest in national matters BY Generation
  • 27. How much do you believe Leung: Will implement a fair system of nomination and direct election for CE in 2017 BY Generation
  • 28. How much do you trust Chief Executive Leung to handle relations with:
  • 29. How much do you trust CE Leung to handle relations with: People like yourself BY Generation
  • 30. How much do you trust CE Leung to handle relations with: People like yourself BY Parental support paid
  • 31. Are you currently worried or not about these specific aspects affecting you, your family or Hong Kong? (Jan 2013)
  • 32. In your view, what is the most urgent issue that should be addressed by the Chief Executive?
  • 33. Effect of Shifts on Reform
  • 34. System Reform . . . • Is more than economics and elections • Political-Economic reform must achieve: – Effective shareholder input, – More widely owned decisions, – Efficient implementation of decisions, – followed by scientific evaluation and independent monitoring, – subject to review and public feedback
  • 35. Reform Principles & Options • For more effective input • Legitimating outcomes • Effectuating implementation • Monitoring governance
  • 36. Support/oppose directly electing the Chief Executive (Trend chart)
  • 37. Support/Oppose direct election of all Legco seats (10 Year Trend)
  • 38. Summary Table of Recoded support or opposition on reform options
  • 39. Would you support/oppose: Keep the CE Election Committee at 1200 members as present and make it the nominating committee for candidates for direct elections in 2017?
  • 40. Would you support/oppose: Reform FCs by eliminating corporate voting and equalizing, as much as possible, the number of voters in each constituency?
  • 41. Would you support/oppose: Abolish FCs for Legco but keep them for the CE Nominating Committee
  • 42. Would you support/oppose the following: Abolish FCs completely in all forms?
  • 43. Do you currently support or oppose: Abolishing all FCs, both traditional and new DC FC seats
  • 44. Do you currently support or oppose: Abolishing only the traditional small circle 30 FC seats
  • 45. Do you currently support/oppose: Replacing the 30 small circle FC seats with 30 more seats elected by everyone like the 5 new DC seats
  • 46. Do you currently support/oppose: Abolishing the split voting system in Legco which requires majority votes in both the FCs and GCs for a bill or amendment to pass
  • 47. If all FC seats are directly geographic elected, would you support or oppose: A minimum required percentage of votes to get a seat, of say, 10%, like in Germany?
  • 48. Would you support/oppose: CE candidates be allowed to be members of a party?
  • 49. Which party represents best by Support/oppose CE candidates allowed to be members of a party NO DIFFERENCE BY PARTY
  • 50. Which party represents best by How much do you believe CY Leung: Will implement a fair system of nomination and direct election for CE in 2017
  • 51. Which party represents best by Support direct election of Chief Executive
  • 52. Which party represents best by Support direct election all Legco members
  • 53. Which party represents best by Abolish FCs completely in all forms
  • 54. Which party represents best by Abolish FCs for Legco, but keep for CE election
  • 55. Which party represents best by Keep present 1200 member CE Election Committee as Nominating Committee, no change
  • 56. Which party represents best by Do you think gov makes policies fairly
  • 57. Fairness in policy making BY Generation
  • 58. Fairness of policy making BY Work Sector
  • 59. Research conducted by the Hong Kong Transition Project Details of methods and earlier reports available at: http://www.hktp.org Hong Kong Transition Project Research since 1988 has been funded by RGC grants, grants from National Democratic Institute for International Affairs, Civic Exchange, The Women’s Foundation and many other local and international NGOs, and Community Development Foundation The Hong Kong Transition Project is a non-partisan, multi-disciplinary, multi-national academic research project committed to good governance and the highest standard public policy research