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Road Development Plans
Mrs. S. M. MADHALE
Jayakar committee
In First World War period and that immediately found a
rapid growth in motor transport, So need for better roads
became a necessity.
For that, the Government of India appointed a committee
called Road development Committee with Mr. M. R.
Jayakar as the chairman.
This committee came to be known as Jayakar
committee.
Jaykar Committee Recommendation
 Committee found that the road development of the country has become
beyond the capacity of local governments and suggested that Central
government should take the proper charge considering it as a matter of
national interest.
 They gave more stress on long term planning programme, for a period of 20
years (hence called twenty year plan) that is to formulate plans and implement
those plans with in the next 20 years.
 One of the recommendations was the holding of periodic road conferences to
discuss about road construction and development.
 This paved the way for the establishment of a semi-official technical body called
Indian Road Congress (IRC) in 1934.
 The committee suggested imposition of additional taxation on motor transport
which includes duty on motor spirit, vehicle taxation, license fees for vehicles plying
for hire.
 This led to the introduction of a development fund called Central road fund in
1929. This fund was intended for road development.
IRC (Indian Road Congress)
 Formed in 1934 by government of India
 IRC was given the responsibility of
formulating standards and specification a
different types of road for their construction and
maintenance.
 IRC publishes Journals, research papers and
standard specification for different roads.
Objectives of I.R.C.: [ Indian road congress]
1. To promote and encourage the study and practice of construction and maintenance
of specifications.
2. To promote the use of roads, standard specification and to formulate new
specifications.
3. To hold periodical meetings to discuss the technical question regarding roads.
4. To suggest legislation for the development, improvement and protection of roads.
5. To suggest new methods construction, management, planning, designing, testing
material and maintenance
6. To reduce number of accidents
7. To ensure overall safety
8. To reduce travel cost and time
Road Development plans
Nagpur Road plan (first 20 years road development plan 1943-1963)
•In 1943 - conference of the chief engineers of all the states was called by the Govt. of India at
Nagpur, at the initiative of IRC to finalize road development plan for the a country.
In this first 20 years road development plan, all were classified into 5 categories
◦ National Highways (NH),
◦ State Highways (SH),
◦ Major District Roads (MDR)
◦ Other District Roads. (ODR)
◦ Village Roads (VR)
The target road length aimed bat was
16 km per 100 sq.km area of the
country.
The target was achieved by about 2
years earlier in 1961 as a result of
systematic development programme
The target road length in the
Nagpur road plan is 5,32,700 km.
 Pattern which is used in the roads for
Nagpur road plan is Star and grid.
Bombay Road plan (second 20. years road development plan 1961-
81)
This plan was initiated by the IRC and was finalized in 1959.
The plan considered the development in the country in various fields.
The target road length at the end of this plan was 32 km per 100 sq. km
area
The construction of 1600 km of expressways was also included in the
plan.
The total length of roads developed by 1974 was 11,45,000 km area
which was higher than (34-8 km per 100 sq.km) the target of 10, 57, 330
km.
Lucknow road congress 1984
(Third 20 year road plan (1981-2001) Called as Lucknow road plan.
It aimed at constructing a road length of 12 lakh kilometers by the year 1981
resulting in a road density of 82kms/100 sq.km
The plan has set the target length of NH to be completed by the end of
seventh, eighth and ninth five year plan periods.
It aims at improving the transportation facilities in villages, towns etc. such
that no part of country is farther than 50 km from NH.
One of the goals contained in the
plan was that expressways should be
constructed on major traffic corridors
to provide speedy travel.
Energy conservation, environmental
quality of roads and road safety
measures were also given due
importance in this plan.
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Road Development plans of India-Transportation Engineering

  • 2. Jayakar committee In First World War period and that immediately found a rapid growth in motor transport, So need for better roads became a necessity. For that, the Government of India appointed a committee called Road development Committee with Mr. M. R. Jayakar as the chairman. This committee came to be known as Jayakar committee.
  • 3. Jaykar Committee Recommendation  Committee found that the road development of the country has become beyond the capacity of local governments and suggested that Central government should take the proper charge considering it as a matter of national interest.  They gave more stress on long term planning programme, for a period of 20 years (hence called twenty year plan) that is to formulate plans and implement those plans with in the next 20 years.
  • 4.  One of the recommendations was the holding of periodic road conferences to discuss about road construction and development.  This paved the way for the establishment of a semi-official technical body called Indian Road Congress (IRC) in 1934.  The committee suggested imposition of additional taxation on motor transport which includes duty on motor spirit, vehicle taxation, license fees for vehicles plying for hire.  This led to the introduction of a development fund called Central road fund in 1929. This fund was intended for road development.
  • 5. IRC (Indian Road Congress)  Formed in 1934 by government of India  IRC was given the responsibility of formulating standards and specification a different types of road for their construction and maintenance.  IRC publishes Journals, research papers and standard specification for different roads.
  • 6. Objectives of I.R.C.: [ Indian road congress] 1. To promote and encourage the study and practice of construction and maintenance of specifications. 2. To promote the use of roads, standard specification and to formulate new specifications. 3. To hold periodical meetings to discuss the technical question regarding roads. 4. To suggest legislation for the development, improvement and protection of roads. 5. To suggest new methods construction, management, planning, designing, testing material and maintenance 6. To reduce number of accidents 7. To ensure overall safety 8. To reduce travel cost and time
  • 7. Road Development plans Nagpur Road plan (first 20 years road development plan 1943-1963) •In 1943 - conference of the chief engineers of all the states was called by the Govt. of India at Nagpur, at the initiative of IRC to finalize road development plan for the a country. In this first 20 years road development plan, all were classified into 5 categories ◦ National Highways (NH), ◦ State Highways (SH), ◦ Major District Roads (MDR) ◦ Other District Roads. (ODR) ◦ Village Roads (VR)
  • 8. The target road length aimed bat was 16 km per 100 sq.km area of the country. The target was achieved by about 2 years earlier in 1961 as a result of systematic development programme The target road length in the Nagpur road plan is 5,32,700 km.  Pattern which is used in the roads for Nagpur road plan is Star and grid.
  • 9. Bombay Road plan (second 20. years road development plan 1961- 81) This plan was initiated by the IRC and was finalized in 1959. The plan considered the development in the country in various fields. The target road length at the end of this plan was 32 km per 100 sq. km area The construction of 1600 km of expressways was also included in the plan. The total length of roads developed by 1974 was 11,45,000 km area which was higher than (34-8 km per 100 sq.km) the target of 10, 57, 330 km.
  • 10.
  • 11. Lucknow road congress 1984 (Third 20 year road plan (1981-2001) Called as Lucknow road plan. It aimed at constructing a road length of 12 lakh kilometers by the year 1981 resulting in a road density of 82kms/100 sq.km The plan has set the target length of NH to be completed by the end of seventh, eighth and ninth five year plan periods. It aims at improving the transportation facilities in villages, towns etc. such that no part of country is farther than 50 km from NH.
  • 12. One of the goals contained in the plan was that expressways should be constructed on major traffic corridors to provide speedy travel. Energy conservation, environmental quality of roads and road safety measures were also given due importance in this plan.