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What is your L1?
   (First Language)
How about your L2?
   (Second Language)
Still, some of us
 acquire an L3.
  (Third Language)
But can you imagine
 anyone acquiring
      an L20?
Dr. Jose P. Rizal
• Spoke over 20 languages
• Not only a hero and
  political martyr
• Many-splendored genius
• A man with many talents
RIZAL: A MANY-
    SPLENDORED GENIUS
• PHYSICIAN
He treated several patients afflicted not
  only with eye diseases.
• OPHTHALMOLOGIST
He graduated in an ophthalmologic
  college in Spain.
Rizal treating his mother’s eyes
RIZAL: A MANY-
    SPLENDORED GENIUS
• POET
Rizal wrote over 35 poems including his
  famous Ultimo Adios.
• HISTORIAN
His annotation of Antonio de Morga’s
  Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas entitled
  him as one.
RIZAL: A MANY-
   SPLENDORED GENIUS
• FARMER-BUSINESSMAN
He had a partner in Dapitan in the Abaca
  business there (1892-1896).
• SCULPTOR
His works of his father and of Father
  Guerrico, S. J. typified his sculptural
  ability.
“The Triumph of Science Over Death,”
  Rizal’s most well-known sculpture
RIZAL: A MANY-
   SPLENDORED GENIUS
• CARTOGRAPHER
He drew maps of Dapitan, The Philippines
  and other places he visited.
• BIBLIOPHILE
He had a big library and brought many
  books abroad.
RIZAL: A MANY-
   SPLENDORED GENIUS
• PHILOLOGIST
Rizal loved of learning and literature is
  unequalled.
• PHILOSOPHER
Rizal not only loved wisdom but also
  regulated his life and enjoyed calmness
  of the life at all times.
RIZAL: A MANY-
   SPLENDORED GENIUS
• HUMORIST
There are many humorous incidents in
  the Noli Me Tangere and El
  Filibusterismo.
• TRAVELER
He traveled around the world three times.
Rizal drinking with his friends
RIZAL: A MANY-
   SPLENDORED GENIUS
• SPORTSMAN
He fenced with Europeans and Juan Luna
  and other friends in Europe.
He played chess and bear several
  Germans and European friends and
  acquaintances.
He could shoot a target 20 meters away.
Rizal fencing with Juan Luna
And the list
goes on and on…
BIRTH OF A HERO
• June 19, 1861 – Rizal was born
• June 22, 1861 – Rizal was baptized
• Father Rufino Collantes – baptized
  Rizal
• Father Pedro Casanas – Rizal’s
  godfather
RIZAL’S BIG HEAD?




One of Rizal’s most   Rizal as a young man
 famous photos
The 11-year old Rizal
RIZAL’S FAMILY
Francisco Mercado Rizal
        • Rizal’s father
        • Born on May 11, 1818
        • Studied Latin and
          Philosophy at the
          College of San Jose
        • Became a tenant in
          Calamba
Francisco Mercado Rizal
        • Died on January 5,
          1898 at the age of 80
Teodora Alonso Realonda
         • Rizal’s mother
         • Born on November 8,
           1826
         • Studied at the College
           of Santa Rosa
         • Died on August 26,
           1911 at the age of 85
RIZAL’S SIBLINGS




Saturnina   Paciano   Narcisa
RIZAL’S SIBLINGS




Olimpia   Lucia   Maria
RIZAL’S SIBLINGS




Jose   Concepcion   Josefa
RIZAL’S SIBLINGS




 Trinidad   Soledad
RIZAL’S ANCESTRY
RIZAL’S ANCESTRY
• Rizal was called “The Great Malayan”
• actually had Negrito, Malay, Chinese,
  Japanese and Spanish blood
• Predominantly, he was a Malayan
PATERNAL SIDE
• Domingo Lamco
 – Rizal’s great-great-grandfather
 – A Chinese immigrant from Chiangchow
 – Arrived in Manila in about 1690
 – Was baptized, married Ines dela Rosa
 – Took the surname “Mercado” in 1731
PATERNAL SIDE
• Francisco Mercado
  – Son of Domingo and Ines
  – Rizal’s great-grandfather
  – Married Cirila Bernacha
  – Resided in Biñan, Laguna
  – Was elected gobernadorcillo of Biñan
PATERNAL SIDE
• Juan Mercado
  – Son of Francisco and Cirila
  – Rizal’s grandfather
  – Married Cirila Alejandro
  – Was also elected gobernadorcillo of Biñan
  – Had thirteen children
PATERNAL SIDE
• Francisco Mercado
  – Youngest son of Juan and Cirila
  – Rizal’s father
  – Lost his father at the age of 8
  – Married Teodora
  – Settled in Calamba, Laguna
  – Engaged in farming and business
MATERNAL SIDE
• Lakandula
  – last king of Tondo
• Eugenio Ursua
  – Teodora’s great-grandfather
  – Was of Japanese ancestry
  – Married to Benigna (a Filipina)
MATERNAL SIDE
• Regina
  – Daughter of Eugenio and Benigna
  – Married Atty. Manuel de Quintos
• Brigida
  – Daughter of Regina and Atty. Quintos
  – Married Alberto Alonso
  – Had five children
THE RIZAL SURNAME
• In 1731, Domingo Lamco adopted the
  surname “Mercado” (market)
• In 1849, Gov. Gen. Claveria ordered all
  Filipinos to adopt Spanish surnames
• Francisco adopted the surname “Rizal”
• Was suggested by the provincial
  governor, who was a family friend
THE RIZAL SURNAME
• Originally “Ricial”
• In Spanish, it means “green fields”
• Prophetic according to Leon Ma.
  Guerrero: “a field where wheat, cut
  while still in green, sprouts again.”
• Only Jose used the surname Rizal until
  1891
THE RIZAL FAMILY:
A GOOD AND MIDDLE
   CLASS FAMILY
A MIDDLE CLASS FAMILY
• The Rizal family belonged to the
  principalia
• Had a large stone house
• Owned a carjuahe (carriage)
• Had a private library with more than
  1,000 books
• Sent their children to colleges in Manila
THE RIZAL HOUSE
• A two-storey
  building
• Built of adobe
  stones and hard
  woods
• Roofed with red
                    The rebuilt Rizal house
  tiles
Let’s have a field trip!
The famous landmark of Calamba, the gigantic jar which
     has all the Calamba towns written on its surface.
The back of the Rizal house, then and now.
The grand staircase
  that leads to the
  main hall of the
  house
The original karwahe
  (carriage) of the
  Rizal family, still
  intact after all these
  years.
Unfortunately, the
  horse died many
  many years ago.
The living room
The comida or the dining room
The main dining room
The platera
The cocina or kitchen
Jose Rizal's bedroom.
The family well located
  at the back of the
  house
A most important seat in the house
A replica of Pepe’s little nipa playhouse
HOME LIFE OF THE RIZALS
• The Rizal family had a simple,
  contented and happy life
• Believed in the maxim “Spare the rod
  and spoil the child”
• Everyday, the family heard Mass
• Prayed together the Rosary and
  Angelus daily
Thank you for listening!

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Rizal chapter 1 - advent of a national hero

  • 1. What is your L1? (First Language)
  • 2. How about your L2? (Second Language)
  • 3. Still, some of us acquire an L3. (Third Language)
  • 4. But can you imagine anyone acquiring an L20?
  • 5. Dr. Jose P. Rizal • Spoke over 20 languages • Not only a hero and political martyr • Many-splendored genius • A man with many talents
  • 6. RIZAL: A MANY- SPLENDORED GENIUS • PHYSICIAN He treated several patients afflicted not only with eye diseases. • OPHTHALMOLOGIST He graduated in an ophthalmologic college in Spain.
  • 7. Rizal treating his mother’s eyes
  • 8. RIZAL: A MANY- SPLENDORED GENIUS • POET Rizal wrote over 35 poems including his famous Ultimo Adios. • HISTORIAN His annotation of Antonio de Morga’s Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas entitled him as one.
  • 9. RIZAL: A MANY- SPLENDORED GENIUS • FARMER-BUSINESSMAN He had a partner in Dapitan in the Abaca business there (1892-1896). • SCULPTOR His works of his father and of Father Guerrico, S. J. typified his sculptural ability.
  • 10. “The Triumph of Science Over Death,” Rizal’s most well-known sculpture
  • 11. RIZAL: A MANY- SPLENDORED GENIUS • CARTOGRAPHER He drew maps of Dapitan, The Philippines and other places he visited. • BIBLIOPHILE He had a big library and brought many books abroad.
  • 12. RIZAL: A MANY- SPLENDORED GENIUS • PHILOLOGIST Rizal loved of learning and literature is unequalled. • PHILOSOPHER Rizal not only loved wisdom but also regulated his life and enjoyed calmness of the life at all times.
  • 13. RIZAL: A MANY- SPLENDORED GENIUS • HUMORIST There are many humorous incidents in the Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. • TRAVELER He traveled around the world three times.
  • 14. Rizal drinking with his friends
  • 15. RIZAL: A MANY- SPLENDORED GENIUS • SPORTSMAN He fenced with Europeans and Juan Luna and other friends in Europe. He played chess and bear several Germans and European friends and acquaintances. He could shoot a target 20 meters away.
  • 16. Rizal fencing with Juan Luna
  • 17. And the list goes on and on…
  • 18. BIRTH OF A HERO • June 19, 1861 – Rizal was born • June 22, 1861 – Rizal was baptized • Father Rufino Collantes – baptized Rizal • Father Pedro Casanas – Rizal’s godfather
  • 19. RIZAL’S BIG HEAD? One of Rizal’s most Rizal as a young man famous photos
  • 22. Francisco Mercado Rizal • Rizal’s father • Born on May 11, 1818 • Studied Latin and Philosophy at the College of San Jose • Became a tenant in Calamba
  • 23. Francisco Mercado Rizal • Died on January 5, 1898 at the age of 80
  • 24. Teodora Alonso Realonda • Rizal’s mother • Born on November 8, 1826 • Studied at the College of Santa Rosa • Died on August 26, 1911 at the age of 85
  • 25. RIZAL’S SIBLINGS Saturnina Paciano Narcisa
  • 27. RIZAL’S SIBLINGS Jose Concepcion Josefa
  • 30. RIZAL’S ANCESTRY • Rizal was called “The Great Malayan” • actually had Negrito, Malay, Chinese, Japanese and Spanish blood • Predominantly, he was a Malayan
  • 31. PATERNAL SIDE • Domingo Lamco – Rizal’s great-great-grandfather – A Chinese immigrant from Chiangchow – Arrived in Manila in about 1690 – Was baptized, married Ines dela Rosa – Took the surname “Mercado” in 1731
  • 32. PATERNAL SIDE • Francisco Mercado – Son of Domingo and Ines – Rizal’s great-grandfather – Married Cirila Bernacha – Resided in Biñan, Laguna – Was elected gobernadorcillo of Biñan
  • 33. PATERNAL SIDE • Juan Mercado – Son of Francisco and Cirila – Rizal’s grandfather – Married Cirila Alejandro – Was also elected gobernadorcillo of Biñan – Had thirteen children
  • 34. PATERNAL SIDE • Francisco Mercado – Youngest son of Juan and Cirila – Rizal’s father – Lost his father at the age of 8 – Married Teodora – Settled in Calamba, Laguna – Engaged in farming and business
  • 35. MATERNAL SIDE • Lakandula – last king of Tondo • Eugenio Ursua – Teodora’s great-grandfather – Was of Japanese ancestry – Married to Benigna (a Filipina)
  • 36. MATERNAL SIDE • Regina – Daughter of Eugenio and Benigna – Married Atty. Manuel de Quintos • Brigida – Daughter of Regina and Atty. Quintos – Married Alberto Alonso – Had five children
  • 37. THE RIZAL SURNAME • In 1731, Domingo Lamco adopted the surname “Mercado” (market) • In 1849, Gov. Gen. Claveria ordered all Filipinos to adopt Spanish surnames • Francisco adopted the surname “Rizal” • Was suggested by the provincial governor, who was a family friend
  • 38. THE RIZAL SURNAME • Originally “Ricial” • In Spanish, it means “green fields” • Prophetic according to Leon Ma. Guerrero: “a field where wheat, cut while still in green, sprouts again.” • Only Jose used the surname Rizal until 1891
  • 39. THE RIZAL FAMILY: A GOOD AND MIDDLE CLASS FAMILY
  • 40. A MIDDLE CLASS FAMILY • The Rizal family belonged to the principalia • Had a large stone house • Owned a carjuahe (carriage) • Had a private library with more than 1,000 books • Sent their children to colleges in Manila
  • 41. THE RIZAL HOUSE • A two-storey building • Built of adobe stones and hard woods • Roofed with red The rebuilt Rizal house tiles
  • 42. Let’s have a field trip!
  • 43. The famous landmark of Calamba, the gigantic jar which has all the Calamba towns written on its surface.
  • 44. The back of the Rizal house, then and now.
  • 45. The grand staircase that leads to the main hall of the house
  • 46. The original karwahe (carriage) of the Rizal family, still intact after all these years. Unfortunately, the horse died many many years ago.
  • 48. The comida or the dining room
  • 51. The cocina or kitchen
  • 53. The family well located at the back of the house
  • 54. A most important seat in the house
  • 55. A replica of Pepe’s little nipa playhouse
  • 56. HOME LIFE OF THE RIZALS • The Rizal family had a simple, contented and happy life • Believed in the maxim “Spare the rod and spoil the child” • Everyday, the family heard Mass • Prayed together the Rosary and Angelus daily
  • 57. Thank you for listening!