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Rio’s Pact: for an integrated city
Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
Index
Recent Timeline of Rio
Context
Favelas: Socioeconomic and security context
Security program: UPP
Rio’s Pact: for an integration city
Social program: Rio+Social
Information and knowledge management for transformation
Pereira Passos Institute
Recent timeline
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
Socioeconomic context
Percentage of poor population in Rio (2010)
Year
Poverty *
Rio
Poverty
Brazil
Extreme
poverty
Rio
Extreme
poverty
Brazil
1991 14.1% 42% 4% 19.9%
2000 8.85% 35% 2.2% 15.1%
2010 5% 19.9%** 1.25% 6.8%**
 20.7% of households with per
capita income of less than half the
minimum wage - $6 p/ day - WB
ppp.
 9.2% of the population survived
on less than a quarter of the
Brazilian minimum wage per
capital - $3 p/day
• Brazilian rate: 16.2%.
 Inequality has risen slightly in the
city: between 1990 and 2011 the
Gini Coefficient went from 0.609
to 0.639
• Brazilian Gini 0.607 to 0.527
*Thus defined by the Instituto de Pesquisa Economica Aplicada
(IPEA)
**Data from Pereira Passos Institute
Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Violent Letality
Metropolitan Area
City
Security Context
 After occupation, homicide rates
decreased 25% following the first and
second years of pacification
 Violence rates decreased in the city,
but increased in the metropolitan
area
 Peace and security: a foundation of good
governance
 UPPs since 2008: a window of
opportunity to improve public service
provision in favelas
Source: http://oagenteprincipal.wordpress.com/2014/03/17/mais-upps-e-menos-mortes; 17/8/14. Elaborated by Joana Monteiro e
Luiza Niemeyer, FGV/IBRE, based on data of ISP/RJ.
PopulationinareaswithUPP
(thousands)
MortalityinRioper100,000inhabitants
Population in areas with UPPMortality RateMortality Rate
Areas of UPP
Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
Pereira Passos Institute
Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
20111979 1981 1990 1998 2009 2010 2012
Computer and
Planning
Urban Projects,
Mapping and
Statistics
RIOPLAN IPLANRIO PEREIRA PASSOS INSTITUTE
D e v e l o p m e n t
Economic Social Sustainable
1993 1994 2007
Planning of the
Olympic Candidature
K N O W L E D G E M A N A G E M E N T
2001
MRP
Rapid Participatory Mapping
Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
Timeline
PREFEITURA DA CIDADE DO RIO DE JANEIRO | INSTITUTO PEREIRA PASSOS
Information and knowledge management for transformation
Rio de Janeiro – Profile of the urban favela
• Population of the city of Rio: 6.32 million  1.39 million of which live in favelas, or
22% of the population.
• From 1991 to 2010 the population of the formal city grew by an average annual rate
of 0.4% while the favela one grew by 2.4%.
Source: (1) Instituto Pereira Passos and IBGE, Demographic Census (2010).
(2) The area used to calculate the demographic density refers to the urbanized area.
(3) Net demographic density.
UPPs / Occupied
territories
Number of
Communities
Population (1) Households
Number of
people per
household
Area (m²) (2)
Demographic
Density
(hab/ha) (3)
41 UPPs 208 711.699 216.321 3,29 20.046.143 380,01
City
633
Favelas
1024 1.436.049 440.902 3,26 45.809.730 313,52
Rio de
Janeiro
- 6.320.446 2.146.340 2,94 570.917.463 110,7
Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
Rio + Social
Mission
✓Articulate policies and public services inside pacified favelas;
✓Assist in the coordination efforts of government agencies;
✓Promote integrated actions with state and federal government, civil society,
and private sector.
INTEGRATED
ACTIONS SUPPLYDEMAND
FIELD MANAGEMENT
. Residents
. Entrepreneurs
. Local Public Managers
. Community Organizations
INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT
. Federal, State and
Municipal Governments
. Civil Society
. Private Sector
. Academia
. International Organizations
Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
Rio + Social: Methodology
GOALS
Guidelines and
Monitoring
INFORMATION
Databases and
knowledge
Collaborative data collection: Rapid Participatory Mapping
PREFEITURA DA CIDADE DO RIO DE JANEIRO | INSTITUTO PEREIRA PASSOS
www.armazemdedados.rio.rj.gov
Assessments for services
management and provision
include:
 Water supply
 Sewage system
 Public lighting and
electricity
 Infrastructure for mobility
 Waste collection
 Housing building standards
 Road signs and postal
services
 Drainage system
PREFEITURA DA CIDADE DO RIO DE JANEIRO | INSTITUTO PEREIRA PASSOS
Information and participation for sustainable development
“Awarded for advancing the promotion of urban, social and economic development in
the favelas (slums) of Rio de Janeiro.”
2013-2014 UN-Habitat Scroll of Honour Award
Rio’s Pact: for an integrated city
Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
Rio’s Pact
PREFEITURA DA CIDADE DO RIO DE JANEIRO | Instituto Pereira Passos
Rio’s Pact
Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
INDIVIDUAL
ACTIONS
CONNECTION
INTEGRATION
INCLUSION
INDIVIDUAL
ACTIONS
CONNECTION
INTEGRATION
INCLUSION
INTERTWINED NETWORKS
Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
Rio’s Pact:
CENTRALIZED MODEL DISTRIBUTED MODEL DECENTRALIZED MODEL
A new model in participative governance, including six social segments:
ACADEMIA
Public and Private Universities
Research Institutions
THIRD SECTOR
Non-profit organizations
PUBLIC SECTOR
Executive (Federal, State, and Municipal)
Judiciary
Legislative
POPULATION
Citizens (and beneficiaries)
Social Investors
(Non-governmental individuals)
Associations
PRIVATE SECTOR
Companies, Banks, and Associations
INTERNATION
ORGANIZATIONS
International Institutions and
foundations.
Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
Cariocas
em Ação
Accenture
IPP
Bloomberg
Associates
SDSN
Unicef
ONU-Habitat
UNESCO
Banco Mundial
Cities Alliance
Conselho
Estratégico de
Informações
UCAM
UFRJ
CAU
Agência3
d.think
Binder
Casa Digital
Approach
Light
TIM
Grupo do Rio
Noo
CEBDS
Rio 2016
BV Rio
SNH
CRI
COR
AgeRio
EMOP
SEC
SESEG
SMF
EOM
ISER
Fundação
Itaú Social
Instituto
Igarapé
FBDS
Rio Como Vamos
Instituto Trevo
SEBRAE
URBEM
ITDP
SEGOV
MPT
Conservação
Internacional
Fundação Roberto
Marinho
Circo Crescer&Viver
SEELJ
Funbio
BNDES
UFRRJ
IAB-RJ
ACRJ
SEASDH
ACADEMIA
NOT-FOR-
PROFIT
SECTOR
PUBLIC SECTOR
POPULATION
PRIVATE SECTOR
INTERNATIONAL
AGENCIES
PACTO DO RIO: a solution for sustainable urban development
Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
Working Groups
Fronts Working Groups Leader Institution Focal Point
Fundraising
C1: International Fundraising Marco Simões SDSN Eduarda La Rocque
C2: Private Fundraising Paulo Bicalho Instituto Light Daniela Góes
Studies
E1: Indices Tereza Lobo Rio Como Vamos Andrea Pulici
E2: Social Housing and Urbanism Júnia Santa Rosa SNH Luis Valverde
E3: Favela Integration and Public
Security
Silvia Ramos UCAM To be defined
Projects
Security P1: Citizen Security Robert Muggah Instituto Igarapé Samantha Barthelemy
Opportunities
P2: Sports Maurício Pinto PCRJ Paulo Speroni
P3: Creative Economy Pedro Pirim NOO Daniela Tavares
Support
S1: Communication Viviane Mosé ING Beatriz Fonseca
S2: Governance Rique Nitzsche d.think João Souza e Silva
Mobilization Pedro Strozenberg ISER Pedro Veiga
Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
June
2015
July
2015
December
2015
December
2016
DEFINITION OF
OPERATIONAL
PLAN
NEW INITIATIVES AND
IMPLEMENTATION OF
MONITORING
INDICATORS
RIO´S PACT
Schedule
ACTION PLANS AND
MONITORING OF
THE INITIATIVES
STRUCTURING
AUTO-FINANCED AND
AUTORREGULATED
NETWORK
Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration

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Rio's Pact

  • 1. Rio’s Pact: for an integrated city Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
  • 2. Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration Index Recent Timeline of Rio Context Favelas: Socioeconomic and security context Security program: UPP Rio’s Pact: for an integration city Social program: Rio+Social Information and knowledge management for transformation Pereira Passos Institute
  • 3. Recent timeline 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
  • 4. Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration Socioeconomic context Percentage of poor population in Rio (2010) Year Poverty * Rio Poverty Brazil Extreme poverty Rio Extreme poverty Brazil 1991 14.1% 42% 4% 19.9% 2000 8.85% 35% 2.2% 15.1% 2010 5% 19.9%** 1.25% 6.8%**  20.7% of households with per capita income of less than half the minimum wage - $6 p/ day - WB ppp.  9.2% of the population survived on less than a quarter of the Brazilian minimum wage per capital - $3 p/day • Brazilian rate: 16.2%.  Inequality has risen slightly in the city: between 1990 and 2011 the Gini Coefficient went from 0.609 to 0.639 • Brazilian Gini 0.607 to 0.527 *Thus defined by the Instituto de Pesquisa Economica Aplicada (IPEA) **Data from Pereira Passos Institute
  • 5. Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Violent Letality Metropolitan Area City Security Context  After occupation, homicide rates decreased 25% following the first and second years of pacification  Violence rates decreased in the city, but increased in the metropolitan area  Peace and security: a foundation of good governance  UPPs since 2008: a window of opportunity to improve public service provision in favelas Source: http://oagenteprincipal.wordpress.com/2014/03/17/mais-upps-e-menos-mortes; 17/8/14. Elaborated by Joana Monteiro e Luiza Niemeyer, FGV/IBRE, based on data of ISP/RJ. PopulationinareaswithUPP (thousands) MortalityinRioper100,000inhabitants Population in areas with UPPMortality RateMortality Rate
  • 6. Areas of UPP Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
  • 7. Pereira Passos Institute Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
  • 8. 20111979 1981 1990 1998 2009 2010 2012 Computer and Planning Urban Projects, Mapping and Statistics RIOPLAN IPLANRIO PEREIRA PASSOS INSTITUTE D e v e l o p m e n t Economic Social Sustainable 1993 1994 2007 Planning of the Olympic Candidature K N O W L E D G E M A N A G E M E N T 2001 MRP Rapid Participatory Mapping Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration Timeline
  • 9. PREFEITURA DA CIDADE DO RIO DE JANEIRO | INSTITUTO PEREIRA PASSOS Information and knowledge management for transformation
  • 10. Rio de Janeiro – Profile of the urban favela • Population of the city of Rio: 6.32 million  1.39 million of which live in favelas, or 22% of the population. • From 1991 to 2010 the population of the formal city grew by an average annual rate of 0.4% while the favela one grew by 2.4%. Source: (1) Instituto Pereira Passos and IBGE, Demographic Census (2010). (2) The area used to calculate the demographic density refers to the urbanized area. (3) Net demographic density. UPPs / Occupied territories Number of Communities Population (1) Households Number of people per household Area (m²) (2) Demographic Density (hab/ha) (3) 41 UPPs 208 711.699 216.321 3,29 20.046.143 380,01 City 633 Favelas 1024 1.436.049 440.902 3,26 45.809.730 313,52 Rio de Janeiro - 6.320.446 2.146.340 2,94 570.917.463 110,7 Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
  • 11. Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration Rio + Social Mission ✓Articulate policies and public services inside pacified favelas; ✓Assist in the coordination efforts of government agencies; ✓Promote integrated actions with state and federal government, civil society, and private sector.
  • 12. INTEGRATED ACTIONS SUPPLYDEMAND FIELD MANAGEMENT . Residents . Entrepreneurs . Local Public Managers . Community Organizations INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT . Federal, State and Municipal Governments . Civil Society . Private Sector . Academia . International Organizations Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration Rio + Social: Methodology GOALS Guidelines and Monitoring INFORMATION Databases and knowledge
  • 13. Collaborative data collection: Rapid Participatory Mapping PREFEITURA DA CIDADE DO RIO DE JANEIRO | INSTITUTO PEREIRA PASSOS www.armazemdedados.rio.rj.gov Assessments for services management and provision include:  Water supply  Sewage system  Public lighting and electricity  Infrastructure for mobility  Waste collection  Housing building standards  Road signs and postal services  Drainage system
  • 14. PREFEITURA DA CIDADE DO RIO DE JANEIRO | INSTITUTO PEREIRA PASSOS Information and participation for sustainable development “Awarded for advancing the promotion of urban, social and economic development in the favelas (slums) of Rio de Janeiro.” 2013-2014 UN-Habitat Scroll of Honour Award
  • 15. Rio’s Pact: for an integrated city Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration Rio’s Pact
  • 16. PREFEITURA DA CIDADE DO RIO DE JANEIRO | Instituto Pereira Passos Rio’s Pact Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration INDIVIDUAL ACTIONS CONNECTION INTEGRATION INCLUSION INDIVIDUAL ACTIONS CONNECTION INTEGRATION INCLUSION
  • 17. INTERTWINED NETWORKS Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
  • 18. Rio’s Pact: CENTRALIZED MODEL DISTRIBUTED MODEL DECENTRALIZED MODEL A new model in participative governance, including six social segments: ACADEMIA Public and Private Universities Research Institutions THIRD SECTOR Non-profit organizations PUBLIC SECTOR Executive (Federal, State, and Municipal) Judiciary Legislative POPULATION Citizens (and beneficiaries) Social Investors (Non-governmental individuals) Associations PRIVATE SECTOR Companies, Banks, and Associations INTERNATION ORGANIZATIONS International Institutions and foundations. Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
  • 19. Cariocas em Ação Accenture IPP Bloomberg Associates SDSN Unicef ONU-Habitat UNESCO Banco Mundial Cities Alliance Conselho Estratégico de Informações UCAM UFRJ CAU Agência3 d.think Binder Casa Digital Approach Light TIM Grupo do Rio Noo CEBDS Rio 2016 BV Rio SNH CRI COR AgeRio EMOP SEC SESEG SMF EOM ISER Fundação Itaú Social Instituto Igarapé FBDS Rio Como Vamos Instituto Trevo SEBRAE URBEM ITDP SEGOV MPT Conservação Internacional Fundação Roberto Marinho Circo Crescer&Viver SEELJ Funbio BNDES UFRRJ IAB-RJ ACRJ SEASDH ACADEMIA NOT-FOR- PROFIT SECTOR PUBLIC SECTOR POPULATION PRIVATE SECTOR INTERNATIONAL AGENCIES PACTO DO RIO: a solution for sustainable urban development Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
  • 20. Working Groups Fronts Working Groups Leader Institution Focal Point Fundraising C1: International Fundraising Marco Simões SDSN Eduarda La Rocque C2: Private Fundraising Paulo Bicalho Instituto Light Daniela Góes Studies E1: Indices Tereza Lobo Rio Como Vamos Andrea Pulici E2: Social Housing and Urbanism Júnia Santa Rosa SNH Luis Valverde E3: Favela Integration and Public Security Silvia Ramos UCAM To be defined Projects Security P1: Citizen Security Robert Muggah Instituto Igarapé Samantha Barthelemy Opportunities P2: Sports Maurício Pinto PCRJ Paulo Speroni P3: Creative Economy Pedro Pirim NOO Daniela Tavares Support S1: Communication Viviane Mosé ING Beatriz Fonseca S2: Governance Rique Nitzsche d.think João Souza e Silva Mobilization Pedro Strozenberg ISER Pedro Veiga Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration
  • 21. June 2015 July 2015 December 2015 December 2016 DEFINITION OF OPERATIONAL PLAN NEW INITIATIVES AND IMPLEMENTATION OF MONITORING INDICATORS RIO´S PACT Schedule ACTION PLANS AND MONITORING OF THE INITIATIVES STRUCTURING AUTO-FINANCED AND AUTORREGULATED NETWORK Instituto Pereira Passos Economic, Social and Urban Integration