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KAZI NAZRUL UNIVERSITY,ASANSOL,W.B
SAIF JAVED
STUDENT OF LL.M, CRIMINAL LAW AND CRIMINOLOGY (3rd SEMESTER)
REGISTRATION NUMBER – 100223360003 OF 2022-23
COURSE CODE – LLMMJE302
RIGHTS OF VICTIM’S
“Victims are often the forgotten component in the analysis of crime”
INTRODUCTION & DEFINITIONS
Victim defines as people who have “suffered harm,including physical or
mental injury,emotional suffering, economic loss or substantial impairment of
their fundamental rights,through acts or omissions that are in violation of
criminal laws”.
Section 2(wa) Cr. P.C. defines victim as;
“Victim” means a person who has suffered any loss or injury caused by
reason of the act or omission for which the accused person has been charged
and the expression “victim” includes his or her guardian or legal heir.
RIGHTS OF THE VICTIM
• To have their case reported and recorded
• To be informed of all services available to victims
• To be informed of the progress of the investigation
• To be told of any arrests and charges
• To be informed of all hearing dates
• To be informed of their role as witness
• To be protected from the accused
• To be compensated for damages resulting from the crime.
• Right to privacy
• Right to restitution
• Right to speedy proceedings
• Right to be treated with self-respect
• Right to be heard.
CASE : R V LONGMAN V. THE QUEEN (1989)HCA 60
FACTS:
Mr. Longman sexually intervened with his step daughter numerous times while asleep, once
when she was six and the other time when she was ten.
The victim did not report this crime at the time due to her age and fear of the perpetrator
being violent as he has a nature of aggression.
Eventually she reported the offence 25 years after the first assault and 21 years after the
second assault as to obtain justice from the criminal system.
DECISION:
Mr. Longman was fined $2000 for each offence and was ordered to be imprisoned until such
fines were paid which would not exceed three months imprisonment.
Violation of Victims right “to be protected from the accused”.
Victim’s Justice in India
The UN Declaration recognised four major components of the
rights of victims of crime:
(i) access to justice and fair treatment;
(ii)Restitution
(iii)compensation
(iv)rehabilitation.
Remedial Measures to Victim’s Empowerment
Over a period of time, the following measures have been initiated in India for
empowerment of victims of crime and human rights violations:
*Victims‟ Compensation in the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 u/s 357-59
*Administrative Measures
During last decade, the Government of India has framed various schemes to strengthen
victim‟s justice however their implementation at grassroots level has always been questioned
due to procedural lapses.
*Judicial Measures
a)Supreme Court U/A-32, High Court U/A-226 of Indian Constitution.
PROBLEMS
• According to the International Crime Victims Survey there are more than 50% of
victims not satisfied with the treatment of the police to them.
• Many others end up severely traumatized by the criminal justice system.
• Further 20% stated that the police failed to keep them informed about the
progress of the case thus violating the victims' rights of "to be informed of the
progress of the investigation".
REFORMS
The NSW Law Reform Commission states
"as society evolves, the law needs to change to reflect, among
other things, economic and technological developments,
different social values and new concepts of justice. Law reform
commissions are one of a number of agents of change which
operate to alter our law and its administration"
CONCLUSION
Justice for society involves the legal system giving members of
society the reassurance and peace of mind that they live in a safe
environment.
Therefore an effective and efficient criminal justice system works
together with society and with the victim and offender's rights to
obtain the greatest possible happiness for the greatest possible
number of people.

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RIGHTS OF VICTIM EDITED PRESENTATION(SAIF JAVED).pptx

  • 1. KAZI NAZRUL UNIVERSITY,ASANSOL,W.B SAIF JAVED STUDENT OF LL.M, CRIMINAL LAW AND CRIMINOLOGY (3rd SEMESTER) REGISTRATION NUMBER – 100223360003 OF 2022-23 COURSE CODE – LLMMJE302
  • 2. RIGHTS OF VICTIM’S “Victims are often the forgotten component in the analysis of crime”
  • 3. INTRODUCTION & DEFINITIONS Victim defines as people who have “suffered harm,including physical or mental injury,emotional suffering, economic loss or substantial impairment of their fundamental rights,through acts or omissions that are in violation of criminal laws”. Section 2(wa) Cr. P.C. defines victim as; “Victim” means a person who has suffered any loss or injury caused by reason of the act or omission for which the accused person has been charged and the expression “victim” includes his or her guardian or legal heir.
  • 4. RIGHTS OF THE VICTIM • To have their case reported and recorded • To be informed of all services available to victims • To be informed of the progress of the investigation • To be told of any arrests and charges • To be informed of all hearing dates • To be informed of their role as witness • To be protected from the accused • To be compensated for damages resulting from the crime. • Right to privacy • Right to restitution • Right to speedy proceedings • Right to be treated with self-respect • Right to be heard.
  • 5. CASE : R V LONGMAN V. THE QUEEN (1989)HCA 60 FACTS: Mr. Longman sexually intervened with his step daughter numerous times while asleep, once when she was six and the other time when she was ten. The victim did not report this crime at the time due to her age and fear of the perpetrator being violent as he has a nature of aggression. Eventually she reported the offence 25 years after the first assault and 21 years after the second assault as to obtain justice from the criminal system. DECISION: Mr. Longman was fined $2000 for each offence and was ordered to be imprisoned until such fines were paid which would not exceed three months imprisonment. Violation of Victims right “to be protected from the accused”.
  • 6. Victim’s Justice in India The UN Declaration recognised four major components of the rights of victims of crime: (i) access to justice and fair treatment; (ii)Restitution (iii)compensation (iv)rehabilitation.
  • 7. Remedial Measures to Victim’s Empowerment Over a period of time, the following measures have been initiated in India for empowerment of victims of crime and human rights violations: *Victims‟ Compensation in the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 u/s 357-59 *Administrative Measures During last decade, the Government of India has framed various schemes to strengthen victim‟s justice however their implementation at grassroots level has always been questioned due to procedural lapses. *Judicial Measures a)Supreme Court U/A-32, High Court U/A-226 of Indian Constitution.
  • 8. PROBLEMS • According to the International Crime Victims Survey there are more than 50% of victims not satisfied with the treatment of the police to them. • Many others end up severely traumatized by the criminal justice system. • Further 20% stated that the police failed to keep them informed about the progress of the case thus violating the victims' rights of "to be informed of the progress of the investigation".
  • 9. REFORMS The NSW Law Reform Commission states "as society evolves, the law needs to change to reflect, among other things, economic and technological developments, different social values and new concepts of justice. Law reform commissions are one of a number of agents of change which operate to alter our law and its administration"
  • 10. CONCLUSION Justice for society involves the legal system giving members of society the reassurance and peace of mind that they live in a safe environment. Therefore an effective and efficient criminal justice system works together with society and with the victim and offender's rights to obtain the greatest possible happiness for the greatest possible number of people.