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Research Paper Commerce E-ISSN No : 2454-9916 | Volume : 3 | Issue : 5 | May 2017
1 2
Dr.(CA) SubrahmanyaBhat | ShilpaD Korde
1
Professor in Commerce, VVM'S Shree Damodar College of Commerce and Economics, Margao- Goa.
2
Assistant Professor in Commerce, Rosary College of Commerce and Arts Navelim –Goa.
593International Education & Research Journal [IERJ]
I. INTRODUCTION:
ValueAddedTax (VAT) was introduced in India in the year 2005. Goods and Ser-
vice Tax (GST) is the logical conclusion of the successful introduction and
implementation of Value added Tax in India. First it was referred in 2006 in the
Budget speech of the Finance Minister that GST will be introduced in India from
st
1 April 2010 but later for one or other reasons it was postponed from year to year
and it is evident from this delay that it is not easy for the lawmakers to introduce
GSTin our countryandnow since2016 is declaredas GSTintroductionyear, but
finally2017 deadlineis met.
nd
The GST Constitutional (122 Amendment) Bill 2014 became GST Constitu-
st
tional (101 Amendment)Act 2016 when the president assented the provisions of
th st
billon8 September2016. GSTConstitutional(101 Amendment)Act2016 con-
tains the provisions which are necessary for the implementation of GST Regime.
The present amendments would subsume a number of indirect taxes presently
being levied by Central and State Governments into GSTthereby doing away the
cascading of taxes and providing a common national market for Goods and Ser-
vices. The aim to bring about these amendments in the Constitution is to confer
simultaneous power on Parliament and State legislatures to make laws for levy-
ingGSTsimultaneouslyon everytransactionofsupply andGoods andServices.
TheGSTisaValueAddedTax(VAT)andisproposed tobeacomprehensiveindi-
rect tax levy on manufacture, sale and consumption of goods as well as services
at the national level. It will replace all indirect taxes levied on goods and services
by the IGST is a single tax on the supply of goods and services, right from the
manufacturer to the consumer. Credits of input taxes paid at each stage will be
available in the subsequent stage of value addition, which makes GSTessentially
ataxonlyonvalueadditionateachstage.
II. NEED FORGSTIN INDIA
Presently Central Government is charging Central Excise Duty at the point of
removable of goods from the place of manufacture. ServiceTax is charged on the
services on the date of the services provided. The State Value Added Tax is
chargeable at the time of sale of goods irrespective of receipts of payment against
such sale. The introduction of GST will bring in uniformity in the introduction of
taxes. GST will be chargeable for each transaction like sale of goods, incorpora-
tion of goods in individual contract, hiring a taxi, lease of premises, consultation
charges, import and export of goods, rendering of services or transfer of immov-
able property. Since the GSTis chargeable in each transaction, it may be called as
transaction tax. It would be levied at every production and distribution with the
eligibilitytoclaimset-off on procurementofgoods andservices.
Under present VAT system, an input tax set-off is given for purchases made only
within the State. For example under Goa VATAct, the dealer can claim the Input
Tax Credits towards Out Put tax if the goods are purchased only from Goa. If the
goods purchased from outside Goa the dealer cannot claim the Input Tax Credit.
Under the State level VAT scheme, CENVAT load on goods has not been
removed and cascading effect of that part of tax burden still remains. Further the
burden of CST on purchase of inter-state goods which has been reduced from
four percent to two percent has not been fully phased out. If the GST introduced,
it will abolish the interpretational problems such as whether a particular transac-
tion is a transaction of transfer of goods or services, applicability of State or Cen-
trallevyor applicabilityof particularrateandotherissues.
GST is a comprehensive Value Added Tax for almost all goods and services
whichwillsubsumemostoftheindirecttaxesexistingatthelevelofstateandfed-
eral governments. Central Taxes to be subsumed under the Goods and Services
Tax are Central Excise Duty, other Excise Duties, Service Tax, Customs Duties
and Surcharges.Apart from this, some State taxes to be subsumed under GST are
VAT / Sales Tax, Entertainment tax, Luxury tax, Taxes on Lottery, Betting &
Gambling, State Cesses and Surcharges and Entry Tax. Some of the goods like
crude oil, natural gas, turbine fuel, high speed diesel, and alcohol for human con-
sumption are not included in the list due to import dependence, environmental
andsocialreasons.
GST is a Valued Added Tax on goods and services that is paid by the final con-
sumer while the retailer will be taking credit of the tax he has paid while buying
goods for retailing. So in this all the services of retailer or the chain behind him is
taxedapartfromtheactualvalueofproduction.
Under the present VAT system Centre and States tax rates and exemptions
offered are not related to each other. States also try to compete with each other to
attract investments and collection of taxes and also offer reduced rate of tax on
select goods, which leads to tax rate war between States and ultimately hurts
them. The affected State today has no forum to go to get its grievance redressed.
Centre and States will be expected to follow the recommendations of the GST
Council and State and Centre will have a forum in the form of GST Dispute Set-
tlement Authority for seeking redressal of grievances related to loss of revenue.
(SeventyThirdReportof StandingCommitteeonFinance,2012-13).
Advantages ofGST:
1. Under GST there will be input credit set-off at every stage and this can be
usedtopaymentofservicetax.
2. CSTwillbeabolishedandintheabsenceofitthereisno needtocollectit.
3. ManyCentralandStateindirecttaxeswillbesubsumedinGST.
4. Therewillbeuniformityof taxratesinallthestates.
5. Itmayensurebettercomplianceduetoaggregatetaxratereduction.
6. By reducing the tax burden the competitiveness of Indian products in inter-
national market is expected to increase. There is a possibility of lower prices
duetolowertaxburdenthatcanbepassedon totheconsumers.
GSTissetto replacevarioustaxes as mentionedbelow:
ABSTRACT
The Goods and Service Tax (GST) is expected to change the whole scenario of current in Indian Indirect Tax system. GST will merge all Indirect Taxes under an
umbrella and will help in creation of smooth market. GST will help in economic growth of the country. Goods and Service tax will assist in better conformity and
revenue resilience. It will reduce tax burden on consumers. There is no doubt that GST is aimed at increasing the taxpayer base by bringing SMEs and the unorganized
sector under its purview. This will make the Indian market more competitive than before and create a level playing field between large & small enterprises. It is
estimated that GST will help in creation of single, uniform market that will benefit both corporate sector and the Indian economy. Both the State and the Central
GovernmentwilllevyGSTon almostallgoods andservicesproducedinIndiaorimportedintothecountry.
KEYWORDS: Goods andServiceTax(GST),VAT,Taxreform.
REVOLUTIONININDIANTAXSYSTEMGOODSAND
SERVICETAX
Copyright© 2016, IERJ.This open-access article is published under the terms of the Creative CommonsAttribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License which permits Share (copy and redistribute the material in any
mediumorformat)andAdapt(remix,transform,andbuilduponthematerial)undertheAttribution-NonCommercialterms.
Taxes currently levied and collected by the
Centre:
State taxes that would be
subsumed under the GST
a. Central Excise duty
b. Duties of Excise (Medicinal and Toilet
Preparations)
c. Additional Duties of Excise (Goods of
Special Importance)
d. Additional Duties of Excise (Textiles and
Textile Products)
a. State VAT
b. Central Sales Tax
c. Luxury Tax
d. Entry Tax (all forms)
Research Paper E-ISSN No : 2454-9916 | Volume : 3 | Issue : 5 | May 2017
Introduction of GST would be a very significant step in the field of indirect tax
reforms in India. By amalgamating a large number of Central and State taxes into
a single tax and allowing set-off of prior-stage taxes, it would mitigate the ill
effectsof cascadingandpavetheway for acommonnationalmarket.For thecon-
sumers, the biggest gain would be in terms of a reduction in the overall tax burden
ongoods, whichis currentlyestimatedat25%-30%.
III.TAX SLABS UNDER GOODSAND SERVICETAX
GST Rates in India are finalized and all the GST Rates on Goods  Services are
applicable from 1st July 2017. The finalized, GST Rate Slabs are 5%, 12%, 18%
 28%. Combined GSTrate is being discussed by the Government.The Revenue
neutral rate is expected around 18%.After the total GST rate is arrived the centre
andstatewilldecideon theCGSTandSGSTrate.
GSTRates and itsimpacton Services:
Ÿ All services have been fitted into four different rates, which are 5%, 12%, the
standard18% andtheluxuryrateof28%.
Ÿ Travelling on metro, local train, religious travel, Haj yatra will all be exempt
fromGST
Ÿ AC traintraveltogetcheaperunderGST.
Ÿ Transport services (Railways, air transport) will be under the 5% category
becausetheirmaininputispetroleum,whichisoutsideGSTambit.
Ÿ Service tax on non-AC hotels will 12%, onAC hotels that serve liquor will be
18%. Highertaxratefor luxuryhotels.
Ÿ Hotels and lodges with tariff below Rs 1,000 will be exempt. Those with Rs
2,500-5,000 willbe18%.Luxuryhotelswillfacetaxof28%.
Ÿ 28% taxslabon5-starhotels,raceclubbetting,cinema.
Ÿ 18% taxslabfortelecom,financialservices
Ÿ Healthcareandeducationhavebeenexemptedfromtheservicelist.
Ÿ Restaurants with an annual turnover of less than Rs 50 lakhs will fall under
the 5 percent tax slab, while non-ACs food joints will be taxed at 12 percent.
Air-conditionedrestaurantswithliquorlicenceswillbetaxedat18percent.
Ÿ Cinema halls were currently paying a service tax of 15 percent plus a state
entertainment tax that ranged from 28 percent to about 100 percent.All these
willbesubsumedunderthe28percentGSTrate,bringingoutthecostsof ser-
vice significantly, and Casinos will also come under the 28 percent tax
bracket.
Ÿ Work contract services such as those paid by civil contractors for infrastruc-
ture construction currently pay a central tax of 6 percent, state taxes ranging
fromonetofivepercent,butwithoutanyinputcredit.
Ÿ E-commerceplayerstodeducttaxatsourcebeforepayingsuppliers.
Ÿ Mobile phones, fountain pen ink, tooth powder, incense sticks, feeding bot-
tles, Braille paper, children's colouring books, umbrellas, pencil sharpeners,
tractors, bicycles, contact lenses, spectacle lenses, utensils, sports goods,
fishing rods, combs, pencils and hand paintings have been placed under the
12% taxrateunderGST.
Ÿ Cheaper Services after GST – Radio taxi, Movies, Entertainment services ,
AC traintravel,Air travel,Restaurants.
IV.TRANSFORMATIONALREFORMTOGST
The date for introduction of GST is 1st July 2017. Introduction of this
transformationaltaxreformisexpectedtobroadenthetaxbase,increasetaxcom-
pliance and reduce economic distortions caused by inter-State variations in
taxes. GSTwill boost economic activity and will benefit everyone. It will stream-
line the tax administration, avoid harassment of the business and result in higher
revenue collection for the Centre and States. Compliance costs for the industry
will go down. Last but not the least, it will create more jobs. In sum, it would be a
win-winsituationforeveryonei.e.taxpayers,governments,consumers,etc.
Goods and ServiceTax Enrolment:The long journey to rolling out India's biggest
tax reform, the Goods and Services Tax (GST), is seemingly nearing an end, and
gearing up for implementation. All States started enrollment under Goods and
ServiceTax.
th
EnrolmentStatus ofGoods and ServiceTaxas on 30 April2017.
Source: CommercialTaxDepartment Goa
Thekeyimperativesfor Dealersare:
Ÿ Understandkeyareasof impactintheirbusiness.
594 International Education  Research Journal [IERJ]
Taxes currently levied and collected by the
Centre:
State taxes that would be
subsumed under the GST
e. Additional Duties of Customs (commonly
known as CVD)
f. Special Additional Duty of Customs (SAD)
g. Service Tax
h. Central Surcharges and Cesses so far as
they relate to supply of goods and services
e. Entertainment and
Amusement Tax (except
when levied by the local
bodies)
f. Taxes on advertisements
g. Purchase Tax
h. Taxes on lotteries, betting
and gambling
i. State Surcharges and
Cesses so far as they relate to
supply of goods and services
Sr.
No.
State Start Date
Number of
Taxpayers
(VAT) with
validated
PAN
User
activated
till date
Percentage
of User
Activated
1 Andhra Pradesh 01/01/2017 229,493 203,330 88.60%
2 Arunachal Pradesh 30/11/206 5,476 1,539 28.10%
3 Assam 30/11/206 206,034 57,532 27.92%
4 Bihar 30/11/206 194,495 115,338 59.30%
5 Chandigarh 16/12/2016 16,305 14,844 91.04%
6 Chhattisgarh 14/11/2016 109,055 91,010 83.45%
7 Dadra and Nagar
Haveli
14/11/2016 4,389 3,031 69.06%
8 Daman and Diu 14/11/2016 4,803 3,349 69.73%
9 Delhi 16/12/2016 393,200 268,761 68.35%
10 Goa 14/11/2016 25,016 15,742 62.93%
11 Gujarat 15/11/2016 499,823 450,729 90.18%
12 Haryana 16/11/2016 242,527 172,709 71.21%
13 Himachal Pradesh 16/12/2016 66,165 34,056 51.47%
14 Jammu  Kashmir 16/12/2016 58,208 2,866 4.92%
15 Jharkhand 30/11/2016 92,627 57,344 61.91%
16 Karnataka 01/01/2017 550,489 513,426 93.27%
17 Kerala 01/01/2017 263,424 183,014 69.48%
18 Madhya Pradesh 30/11/2016 301,997 251,988 83.44%
19 Maharashtra 14/11/2016 803,261 705,235 87.80%
20 Manipur 30/11/2016 3,940 1,789 45.41%
21 Meghalaya 30/11/2016 24,296 4,711 19.39%
22 Mizoram 30/11/2016 2,313 868 37.53%
23 Nagaland 30/11/2016 4,847 2,829 58.37%
24 Odisha 30/11/2016 175,463 89,870 51.22%
25 Puducherry 08/11/2016 16,450 12,841 78.06%
26 Punjab 16/12/2016 229,541 187,113 81.52%
27 Rajasthan 16/12/2016 564,625 435,382 77.11%
28 Sikkim 08/11/2016 3,119 1,952 62.58%
29 Tamilnadu 01/01/2017 630,251 550,148 87.29%
30 Telangana 01/01/2017 209,863 163,978 78.14%
31 Tripura 30/11/2016 16,630 7,785 46.81%
32 Uttar Pradesh 16/12/2016 812,129 596,283 73.42%
33 Uttarakhand 16/12/2016 104,255 77,491 74.33%
34 West Bengal 30/11/2016 273,823 210,228 76.78%
Total for State VAT
Users
7,138,332 5,489,111 76.90%
35 Taxpayers registered
under Central Excise
Act but not registered
under State VAT
07/01/2017 55,830 14,486 25.95%
36 Taxpayers registered
under Service Tax Act
but not registered
under State VAT
20/01/2017 1,156,337 546,580 47.27%
Total for CBEC Users 1,212,167 561,066 46.29%
Grand Total 8,350,499 6,050,177 72.45%
Ÿ Preparedifferentscenariosfor thedesignandapplicationofGST.
Ÿ Continually track policy development regarding GST and update prepared
scenarios.
Ÿ Identifyanyareasofadverseimpactandpreparecontingencymeasures.
Ÿ Identify issues and concerns needing representations to the authorities and
developastrategyfor effectiveadvocacy.
Ÿ Continuous Upgradation of software is a big challenge for the software com-
panies as well. Dealers and service providers will have to upgrade their
respectiveaccountingandtaxsoftware.
Ÿ Not only staff of the business world, but marketing personnel and common
man need to be made aware of the basic working of GST for successful
implementation.
V.CONCLUSION
Goods and Service tax will assist in better conformity and revenue resilience. It
will reduce tax burden on consumers. There is no doubt that GST is aimed at
increasing the taxpayer base by bringing SMEs and the unorganized sector under
its purview. This will make the Indian market more competitive than before and
create a level playing field between large  small enterprises. Presently certain
industries in India like construction and textile are largely unregulated and unor-
ganized. GST has provisions for online compliances and payments, and availing
of input credit only when the supplier has accepted the amount, thereby bringing
accountability and regulation to these industries. Further, Indian businesses will
be able to better compete with foreign countries such as China, Philippines, and
Bangladesh.
REFERENCES:
1. Govind S., 2011, Goods and Services Tax: Will the Proposed Indirect Tax Reform
changeBusiness andTaxDynamicsinIndia?NUJS LawReview,Vol.4,Pg. 625-638.
2. Halakhandi S., 2007, Goods and Service Tax – An introductory study, The Chartered
Accountant,Pg. 1595-1601.
3. Garg G., 2014 Basic Concepts and Features of Good and Service Tax in India, Interna-
tionalJournalofScientificResearchandManagementVol.2,(Issue 2),Pg.-542-549.
4. Pinki, Kamna S. andVerma R., 2014, Goods and ServiceTax – Panacea for IndirectTax
SysteminIndia,TactfulManagementResearchJournal,Vol.2,Issue 10,Pg. 1-7
5. Sandeepan Banerjee, Mona Banerjee,Kishore Kumar Das,ACritical Review of Litera-
ture on Goods and Service Tax in India, Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research
(IJIR),Vol-2,Issue-11,2016.
6. Website:CommercialTaxDepartmentGoa.
595International Education  Research Journal [IERJ]
Research Paper E-ISSN No : 2454-9916 | Volume : 3 | Issue : 5 | May 2017

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Revolution in indian tax system goods and

  • 1. Research Paper Commerce E-ISSN No : 2454-9916 | Volume : 3 | Issue : 5 | May 2017 1 2 Dr.(CA) SubrahmanyaBhat | ShilpaD Korde 1 Professor in Commerce, VVM'S Shree Damodar College of Commerce and Economics, Margao- Goa. 2 Assistant Professor in Commerce, Rosary College of Commerce and Arts Navelim –Goa. 593International Education & Research Journal [IERJ] I. INTRODUCTION: ValueAddedTax (VAT) was introduced in India in the year 2005. Goods and Ser- vice Tax (GST) is the logical conclusion of the successful introduction and implementation of Value added Tax in India. First it was referred in 2006 in the Budget speech of the Finance Minister that GST will be introduced in India from st 1 April 2010 but later for one or other reasons it was postponed from year to year and it is evident from this delay that it is not easy for the lawmakers to introduce GSTin our countryandnow since2016 is declaredas GSTintroductionyear, but finally2017 deadlineis met. nd The GST Constitutional (122 Amendment) Bill 2014 became GST Constitu- st tional (101 Amendment)Act 2016 when the president assented the provisions of th st billon8 September2016. GSTConstitutional(101 Amendment)Act2016 con- tains the provisions which are necessary for the implementation of GST Regime. The present amendments would subsume a number of indirect taxes presently being levied by Central and State Governments into GSTthereby doing away the cascading of taxes and providing a common national market for Goods and Ser- vices. The aim to bring about these amendments in the Constitution is to confer simultaneous power on Parliament and State legislatures to make laws for levy- ingGSTsimultaneouslyon everytransactionofsupply andGoods andServices. TheGSTisaValueAddedTax(VAT)andisproposed tobeacomprehensiveindi- rect tax levy on manufacture, sale and consumption of goods as well as services at the national level. It will replace all indirect taxes levied on goods and services by the IGST is a single tax on the supply of goods and services, right from the manufacturer to the consumer. Credits of input taxes paid at each stage will be available in the subsequent stage of value addition, which makes GSTessentially ataxonlyonvalueadditionateachstage. II. NEED FORGSTIN INDIA Presently Central Government is charging Central Excise Duty at the point of removable of goods from the place of manufacture. ServiceTax is charged on the services on the date of the services provided. The State Value Added Tax is chargeable at the time of sale of goods irrespective of receipts of payment against such sale. The introduction of GST will bring in uniformity in the introduction of taxes. GST will be chargeable for each transaction like sale of goods, incorpora- tion of goods in individual contract, hiring a taxi, lease of premises, consultation charges, import and export of goods, rendering of services or transfer of immov- able property. Since the GSTis chargeable in each transaction, it may be called as transaction tax. It would be levied at every production and distribution with the eligibilitytoclaimset-off on procurementofgoods andservices. Under present VAT system, an input tax set-off is given for purchases made only within the State. For example under Goa VATAct, the dealer can claim the Input Tax Credits towards Out Put tax if the goods are purchased only from Goa. If the goods purchased from outside Goa the dealer cannot claim the Input Tax Credit. Under the State level VAT scheme, CENVAT load on goods has not been removed and cascading effect of that part of tax burden still remains. Further the burden of CST on purchase of inter-state goods which has been reduced from four percent to two percent has not been fully phased out. If the GST introduced, it will abolish the interpretational problems such as whether a particular transac- tion is a transaction of transfer of goods or services, applicability of State or Cen- trallevyor applicabilityof particularrateandotherissues. GST is a comprehensive Value Added Tax for almost all goods and services whichwillsubsumemostoftheindirecttaxesexistingatthelevelofstateandfed- eral governments. Central Taxes to be subsumed under the Goods and Services Tax are Central Excise Duty, other Excise Duties, Service Tax, Customs Duties and Surcharges.Apart from this, some State taxes to be subsumed under GST are VAT / Sales Tax, Entertainment tax, Luxury tax, Taxes on Lottery, Betting & Gambling, State Cesses and Surcharges and Entry Tax. Some of the goods like crude oil, natural gas, turbine fuel, high speed diesel, and alcohol for human con- sumption are not included in the list due to import dependence, environmental andsocialreasons. GST is a Valued Added Tax on goods and services that is paid by the final con- sumer while the retailer will be taking credit of the tax he has paid while buying goods for retailing. So in this all the services of retailer or the chain behind him is taxedapartfromtheactualvalueofproduction. Under the present VAT system Centre and States tax rates and exemptions offered are not related to each other. States also try to compete with each other to attract investments and collection of taxes and also offer reduced rate of tax on select goods, which leads to tax rate war between States and ultimately hurts them. The affected State today has no forum to go to get its grievance redressed. Centre and States will be expected to follow the recommendations of the GST Council and State and Centre will have a forum in the form of GST Dispute Set- tlement Authority for seeking redressal of grievances related to loss of revenue. (SeventyThirdReportof StandingCommitteeonFinance,2012-13). Advantages ofGST: 1. Under GST there will be input credit set-off at every stage and this can be usedtopaymentofservicetax. 2. CSTwillbeabolishedandintheabsenceofitthereisno needtocollectit. 3. ManyCentralandStateindirecttaxeswillbesubsumedinGST. 4. Therewillbeuniformityof taxratesinallthestates. 5. Itmayensurebettercomplianceduetoaggregatetaxratereduction. 6. By reducing the tax burden the competitiveness of Indian products in inter- national market is expected to increase. There is a possibility of lower prices duetolowertaxburdenthatcanbepassedon totheconsumers. GSTissetto replacevarioustaxes as mentionedbelow: ABSTRACT The Goods and Service Tax (GST) is expected to change the whole scenario of current in Indian Indirect Tax system. GST will merge all Indirect Taxes under an umbrella and will help in creation of smooth market. GST will help in economic growth of the country. Goods and Service tax will assist in better conformity and revenue resilience. It will reduce tax burden on consumers. There is no doubt that GST is aimed at increasing the taxpayer base by bringing SMEs and the unorganized sector under its purview. This will make the Indian market more competitive than before and create a level playing field between large & small enterprises. It is estimated that GST will help in creation of single, uniform market that will benefit both corporate sector and the Indian economy. Both the State and the Central GovernmentwilllevyGSTon almostallgoods andservicesproducedinIndiaorimportedintothecountry. KEYWORDS: Goods andServiceTax(GST),VAT,Taxreform. REVOLUTIONININDIANTAXSYSTEMGOODSAND SERVICETAX Copyright© 2016, IERJ.This open-access article is published under the terms of the Creative CommonsAttribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License which permits Share (copy and redistribute the material in any mediumorformat)andAdapt(remix,transform,andbuilduponthematerial)undertheAttribution-NonCommercialterms. Taxes currently levied and collected by the Centre: State taxes that would be subsumed under the GST a. Central Excise duty b. Duties of Excise (Medicinal and Toilet Preparations) c. Additional Duties of Excise (Goods of Special Importance) d. Additional Duties of Excise (Textiles and Textile Products) a. State VAT b. Central Sales Tax c. Luxury Tax d. Entry Tax (all forms)
  • 2. Research Paper E-ISSN No : 2454-9916 | Volume : 3 | Issue : 5 | May 2017 Introduction of GST would be a very significant step in the field of indirect tax reforms in India. By amalgamating a large number of Central and State taxes into a single tax and allowing set-off of prior-stage taxes, it would mitigate the ill effectsof cascadingandpavetheway for acommonnationalmarket.For thecon- sumers, the biggest gain would be in terms of a reduction in the overall tax burden ongoods, whichis currentlyestimatedat25%-30%. III.TAX SLABS UNDER GOODSAND SERVICETAX GST Rates in India are finalized and all the GST Rates on Goods Services are applicable from 1st July 2017. The finalized, GST Rate Slabs are 5%, 12%, 18% 28%. Combined GSTrate is being discussed by the Government.The Revenue neutral rate is expected around 18%.After the total GST rate is arrived the centre andstatewilldecideon theCGSTandSGSTrate. GSTRates and itsimpacton Services: Ÿ All services have been fitted into four different rates, which are 5%, 12%, the standard18% andtheluxuryrateof28%. Ÿ Travelling on metro, local train, religious travel, Haj yatra will all be exempt fromGST Ÿ AC traintraveltogetcheaperunderGST. Ÿ Transport services (Railways, air transport) will be under the 5% category becausetheirmaininputispetroleum,whichisoutsideGSTambit. Ÿ Service tax on non-AC hotels will 12%, onAC hotels that serve liquor will be 18%. Highertaxratefor luxuryhotels. Ÿ Hotels and lodges with tariff below Rs 1,000 will be exempt. Those with Rs 2,500-5,000 willbe18%.Luxuryhotelswillfacetaxof28%. Ÿ 28% taxslabon5-starhotels,raceclubbetting,cinema. Ÿ 18% taxslabfortelecom,financialservices Ÿ Healthcareandeducationhavebeenexemptedfromtheservicelist. Ÿ Restaurants with an annual turnover of less than Rs 50 lakhs will fall under the 5 percent tax slab, while non-ACs food joints will be taxed at 12 percent. Air-conditionedrestaurantswithliquorlicenceswillbetaxedat18percent. Ÿ Cinema halls were currently paying a service tax of 15 percent plus a state entertainment tax that ranged from 28 percent to about 100 percent.All these willbesubsumedunderthe28percentGSTrate,bringingoutthecostsof ser- vice significantly, and Casinos will also come under the 28 percent tax bracket. Ÿ Work contract services such as those paid by civil contractors for infrastruc- ture construction currently pay a central tax of 6 percent, state taxes ranging fromonetofivepercent,butwithoutanyinputcredit. Ÿ E-commerceplayerstodeducttaxatsourcebeforepayingsuppliers. Ÿ Mobile phones, fountain pen ink, tooth powder, incense sticks, feeding bot- tles, Braille paper, children's colouring books, umbrellas, pencil sharpeners, tractors, bicycles, contact lenses, spectacle lenses, utensils, sports goods, fishing rods, combs, pencils and hand paintings have been placed under the 12% taxrateunderGST. Ÿ Cheaper Services after GST – Radio taxi, Movies, Entertainment services , AC traintravel,Air travel,Restaurants. IV.TRANSFORMATIONALREFORMTOGST The date for introduction of GST is 1st July 2017. Introduction of this transformationaltaxreformisexpectedtobroadenthetaxbase,increasetaxcom- pliance and reduce economic distortions caused by inter-State variations in taxes. GSTwill boost economic activity and will benefit everyone. It will stream- line the tax administration, avoid harassment of the business and result in higher revenue collection for the Centre and States. Compliance costs for the industry will go down. Last but not the least, it will create more jobs. In sum, it would be a win-winsituationforeveryonei.e.taxpayers,governments,consumers,etc. Goods and ServiceTax Enrolment:The long journey to rolling out India's biggest tax reform, the Goods and Services Tax (GST), is seemingly nearing an end, and gearing up for implementation. All States started enrollment under Goods and ServiceTax. th EnrolmentStatus ofGoods and ServiceTaxas on 30 April2017. Source: CommercialTaxDepartment Goa Thekeyimperativesfor Dealersare: Ÿ Understandkeyareasof impactintheirbusiness. 594 International Education Research Journal [IERJ] Taxes currently levied and collected by the Centre: State taxes that would be subsumed under the GST e. Additional Duties of Customs (commonly known as CVD) f. Special Additional Duty of Customs (SAD) g. Service Tax h. Central Surcharges and Cesses so far as they relate to supply of goods and services e. Entertainment and Amusement Tax (except when levied by the local bodies) f. Taxes on advertisements g. Purchase Tax h. Taxes on lotteries, betting and gambling i. State Surcharges and Cesses so far as they relate to supply of goods and services Sr. No. State Start Date Number of Taxpayers (VAT) with validated PAN User activated till date Percentage of User Activated 1 Andhra Pradesh 01/01/2017 229,493 203,330 88.60% 2 Arunachal Pradesh 30/11/206 5,476 1,539 28.10% 3 Assam 30/11/206 206,034 57,532 27.92% 4 Bihar 30/11/206 194,495 115,338 59.30% 5 Chandigarh 16/12/2016 16,305 14,844 91.04% 6 Chhattisgarh 14/11/2016 109,055 91,010 83.45% 7 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 14/11/2016 4,389 3,031 69.06% 8 Daman and Diu 14/11/2016 4,803 3,349 69.73% 9 Delhi 16/12/2016 393,200 268,761 68.35% 10 Goa 14/11/2016 25,016 15,742 62.93% 11 Gujarat 15/11/2016 499,823 450,729 90.18% 12 Haryana 16/11/2016 242,527 172,709 71.21% 13 Himachal Pradesh 16/12/2016 66,165 34,056 51.47% 14 Jammu Kashmir 16/12/2016 58,208 2,866 4.92% 15 Jharkhand 30/11/2016 92,627 57,344 61.91% 16 Karnataka 01/01/2017 550,489 513,426 93.27% 17 Kerala 01/01/2017 263,424 183,014 69.48% 18 Madhya Pradesh 30/11/2016 301,997 251,988 83.44% 19 Maharashtra 14/11/2016 803,261 705,235 87.80% 20 Manipur 30/11/2016 3,940 1,789 45.41% 21 Meghalaya 30/11/2016 24,296 4,711 19.39% 22 Mizoram 30/11/2016 2,313 868 37.53% 23 Nagaland 30/11/2016 4,847 2,829 58.37% 24 Odisha 30/11/2016 175,463 89,870 51.22% 25 Puducherry 08/11/2016 16,450 12,841 78.06% 26 Punjab 16/12/2016 229,541 187,113 81.52% 27 Rajasthan 16/12/2016 564,625 435,382 77.11% 28 Sikkim 08/11/2016 3,119 1,952 62.58% 29 Tamilnadu 01/01/2017 630,251 550,148 87.29% 30 Telangana 01/01/2017 209,863 163,978 78.14% 31 Tripura 30/11/2016 16,630 7,785 46.81% 32 Uttar Pradesh 16/12/2016 812,129 596,283 73.42% 33 Uttarakhand 16/12/2016 104,255 77,491 74.33% 34 West Bengal 30/11/2016 273,823 210,228 76.78% Total for State VAT Users 7,138,332 5,489,111 76.90% 35 Taxpayers registered under Central Excise Act but not registered under State VAT 07/01/2017 55,830 14,486 25.95% 36 Taxpayers registered under Service Tax Act but not registered under State VAT 20/01/2017 1,156,337 546,580 47.27% Total for CBEC Users 1,212,167 561,066 46.29% Grand Total 8,350,499 6,050,177 72.45%
  • 3. Ÿ Preparedifferentscenariosfor thedesignandapplicationofGST. Ÿ Continually track policy development regarding GST and update prepared scenarios. Ÿ Identifyanyareasofadverseimpactandpreparecontingencymeasures. Ÿ Identify issues and concerns needing representations to the authorities and developastrategyfor effectiveadvocacy. Ÿ Continuous Upgradation of software is a big challenge for the software com- panies as well. Dealers and service providers will have to upgrade their respectiveaccountingandtaxsoftware. Ÿ Not only staff of the business world, but marketing personnel and common man need to be made aware of the basic working of GST for successful implementation. V.CONCLUSION Goods and Service tax will assist in better conformity and revenue resilience. It will reduce tax burden on consumers. There is no doubt that GST is aimed at increasing the taxpayer base by bringing SMEs and the unorganized sector under its purview. This will make the Indian market more competitive than before and create a level playing field between large small enterprises. Presently certain industries in India like construction and textile are largely unregulated and unor- ganized. GST has provisions for online compliances and payments, and availing of input credit only when the supplier has accepted the amount, thereby bringing accountability and regulation to these industries. Further, Indian businesses will be able to better compete with foreign countries such as China, Philippines, and Bangladesh. REFERENCES: 1. Govind S., 2011, Goods and Services Tax: Will the Proposed Indirect Tax Reform changeBusiness andTaxDynamicsinIndia?NUJS LawReview,Vol.4,Pg. 625-638. 2. Halakhandi S., 2007, Goods and Service Tax – An introductory study, The Chartered Accountant,Pg. 1595-1601. 3. Garg G., 2014 Basic Concepts and Features of Good and Service Tax in India, Interna- tionalJournalofScientificResearchandManagementVol.2,(Issue 2),Pg.-542-549. 4. Pinki, Kamna S. andVerma R., 2014, Goods and ServiceTax – Panacea for IndirectTax SysteminIndia,TactfulManagementResearchJournal,Vol.2,Issue 10,Pg. 1-7 5. Sandeepan Banerjee, Mona Banerjee,Kishore Kumar Das,ACritical Review of Litera- ture on Goods and Service Tax in India, Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research (IJIR),Vol-2,Issue-11,2016. 6. Website:CommercialTaxDepartmentGoa. 595International Education Research Journal [IERJ] Research Paper E-ISSN No : 2454-9916 | Volume : 3 | Issue : 5 | May 2017