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Resilient Dairy Landscapes
www.resilientdairylandscapes.com
Key findings
www.resilientdairylandscapes.com
Summary
Socio-legal research in Cumbria, East Anglia and SW
Scotland, natural and veterinary science in Cumbria
evaluating the operation of LENs in practice.
Robust evidence that LENs:
• Delivers benefits for animal health and soil carbon
storage
• Is preferred by farmers and so delivers net zero
targets faster than publicly funded agri-environment
schemes
www.resilientdairylandscapes.com
Animal health
• Although hedgerow and tree
planting could create breeding
sites for Culicoides midges
(vector of bluetongue disease),
our model showed changes in
midge numbers after planting
were unlikely to affect national
spread of the disease
• Fencing off watercourses
significantly reduced dwarf pond
snail abundance and the
likelihood of liver fluke infection
in dairy herds
www.resilientdairylandscapes.com
Soil carbon
• Hedgerow planting results in carbon
accumulating in soil beneath them
• At current planting rates, it would take >
200 years for public agri-environment
schemes to achieve the UK CCC goal
of increasing hedgerow length by 40%
• Upscaling LENs planting rates, it would
take just 16 years to reach this goal
• Based on our data, reaching this goal
could sequester 8 Mt carbon in
hedgerow soils, offsetting 5% of total
agricultural CO2 emissions per year for
50 years
Biffi et al (in review) Journal of Environment Management
www.resilientdairylandscapes.com
Social science
Farmers interviewed for our research said they prefer
private investment via LENs to publicly funded agri-
environment schemes. Main reasons for engaging:
• Additional, stable income for easily planned/reported
and flexible activities that are compatible with existing
management
• Improving environmental outcomes & animal health
Coyne et al. (2021) Land Use Policy; Kendall et al. (in prep.)
Phase 1 East Anglia LENs 40% oversubscribed by farmers
www.resilientdairylandscapes.com
Carbon markets
• LENs can integrate payments for multiple ecosystem
services with carbon markets e.g. Woodland Carbon
Code and Peatland Code
• Research from this project is being used to develop a
UK Farm Soil Carbon Code that will protect the
interests of farmers, project developers and investors,
and incentivise a large-scale transition to
regenerative agricultural practices that are good for
the climate and biodiversity
Reed et al. (2021) PLOS ONE
sustainablesoils.org/soil-carbon-code/
www.resilientdairylandscapes.com
mark.reed@sruc.ac.uk
@profmarkreed @ResilientDairy

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Resilient Dairy Landscapes: key findings

  • 4. www.resilientdairylandscapes.com Summary Socio-legal research in Cumbria, East Anglia and SW Scotland, natural and veterinary science in Cumbria evaluating the operation of LENs in practice. Robust evidence that LENs: • Delivers benefits for animal health and soil carbon storage • Is preferred by farmers and so delivers net zero targets faster than publicly funded agri-environment schemes
  • 5. www.resilientdairylandscapes.com Animal health • Although hedgerow and tree planting could create breeding sites for Culicoides midges (vector of bluetongue disease), our model showed changes in midge numbers after planting were unlikely to affect national spread of the disease • Fencing off watercourses significantly reduced dwarf pond snail abundance and the likelihood of liver fluke infection in dairy herds
  • 6. www.resilientdairylandscapes.com Soil carbon • Hedgerow planting results in carbon accumulating in soil beneath them • At current planting rates, it would take > 200 years for public agri-environment schemes to achieve the UK CCC goal of increasing hedgerow length by 40% • Upscaling LENs planting rates, it would take just 16 years to reach this goal • Based on our data, reaching this goal could sequester 8 Mt carbon in hedgerow soils, offsetting 5% of total agricultural CO2 emissions per year for 50 years Biffi et al (in review) Journal of Environment Management
  • 7. www.resilientdairylandscapes.com Social science Farmers interviewed for our research said they prefer private investment via LENs to publicly funded agri- environment schemes. Main reasons for engaging: • Additional, stable income for easily planned/reported and flexible activities that are compatible with existing management • Improving environmental outcomes & animal health Coyne et al. (2021) Land Use Policy; Kendall et al. (in prep.) Phase 1 East Anglia LENs 40% oversubscribed by farmers
  • 8. www.resilientdairylandscapes.com Carbon markets • LENs can integrate payments for multiple ecosystem services with carbon markets e.g. Woodland Carbon Code and Peatland Code • Research from this project is being used to develop a UK Farm Soil Carbon Code that will protect the interests of farmers, project developers and investors, and incentivise a large-scale transition to regenerative agricultural practices that are good for the climate and biodiversity Reed et al. (2021) PLOS ONE sustainablesoils.org/soil-carbon-code/