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International Research Journal     ISSN-0975-3486       VOL. I * ISSUE—3 &4        RNI : RAJBIL/2009/30097

                                    Research Paper—Computer

                                           SEMANTIC WEB FOR
                                                  e-COMMERCE
                                    *Prof. Manisha Kumbhar
 Dec.-09—Jan.-2010                  **Prof. Vidya Gavekar
                   *_** Professor, Sinhgad Institute of Management, Pune
 A B S T R A C T
     The importance of Web services has been recognized and widely accepted by industry and academic
     research. This paper describes an ongoing research project involving the implementation of e-Com-
     merce services on the Semantic Web. Semantic web has emerged as a web of next generation providing
     has various opportunities to enhance the over all performance of current web. SW technology pro-
     vides foundation to enable exchange of knowledge and information to co-ordinate business pro-
     cesses. It can automatically compose web services through automatic discovery, selection & execu-
     tion of web services. This research paper is highlighting an introduction to Semantic Web,
     e-Commerce as well as semantic web based e-Commerce. Also highlights on the lifecycle of a busi-
     ness-to-business e-Commerce interaction and discuss case of ebSemantics for Austira’s e-commerce.
Keyword- e-Commerce, Semantic Web, ontologies, Life cycle, ebSemantics, OWL-S etc.
I. Introduction to Semantic Web                          aries. Though Semantic Web is not very old, a lot of
      The semantic web initiative was started by Sir Tim work has been done diversely in its field. The work of
Berners Lee who is the famous inventor of the World semantic web ranges from distributed information sys-
Wide Web and today’s director of the World Wide tems to artificial intelligence. The need of Semantic
Web Consortium W3C, the planet’s leading standard- Web strongly arises in the area of e-Commerce and e-
ization and development organization for Internet tech- governance. Various tools have been developed over
nologies. The Semantic web is a vision of new archi- the years for Semantic Web like to improve the pro-
tecture for the World Wide Web, characterized by the cess of search, searching of images, building ontolo-
association of machine-accessible formal semantics gies etc.
with more traditional web content. The semantic web’s II. Semantic Web Evolution
original motivations were to increase automation in           To be accurate, the Semantic Web is an extension
processing Web-based information and to improve the of today’s Web rather than an entirely new one. Cham-
interoperability of web-based information systems.       pioned by the father of the World Wide Web, Tim
      The Semantic Web is a Web that includes docu- Berners-Lee.
ments, or portions of documents, describing explicit          There is enormous data on the web that is neither
relationships between things and containing seman- interrelated nor has a meaning attached to it. There is
tic information intended for automated processing by no common framework that allows data to be shared
our machines. The Semantic Web provides a common and reused across application, enterprise, and com-
framework that allows data to be shared and reused munity boundaries. In order to solve this problem Se-
across application, enterprise, and community bound- mantic Web is introduced in late nineties.
48

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RESEARCH ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION

  • 1. International Research Journal ISSN-0975-3486 VOL. I * ISSUE—3 &4 RNI : RAJBIL/2009/30097 Research Paper—Computer SEMANTIC WEB FOR e-COMMERCE *Prof. Manisha Kumbhar Dec.-09—Jan.-2010 **Prof. Vidya Gavekar *_** Professor, Sinhgad Institute of Management, Pune A B S T R A C T The importance of Web services has been recognized and widely accepted by industry and academic research. This paper describes an ongoing research project involving the implementation of e-Com- merce services on the Semantic Web. Semantic web has emerged as a web of next generation providing has various opportunities to enhance the over all performance of current web. SW technology pro- vides foundation to enable exchange of knowledge and information to co-ordinate business pro- cesses. It can automatically compose web services through automatic discovery, selection & execu- tion of web services. This research paper is highlighting an introduction to Semantic Web, e-Commerce as well as semantic web based e-Commerce. Also highlights on the lifecycle of a busi- ness-to-business e-Commerce interaction and discuss case of ebSemantics for Austira’s e-commerce. Keyword- e-Commerce, Semantic Web, ontologies, Life cycle, ebSemantics, OWL-S etc. I. Introduction to Semantic Web aries. Though Semantic Web is not very old, a lot of The semantic web initiative was started by Sir Tim work has been done diversely in its field. The work of Berners Lee who is the famous inventor of the World semantic web ranges from distributed information sys- Wide Web and today’s director of the World Wide tems to artificial intelligence. The need of Semantic Web Consortium W3C, the planet’s leading standard- Web strongly arises in the area of e-Commerce and e- ization and development organization for Internet tech- governance. Various tools have been developed over nologies. The Semantic web is a vision of new archi- the years for Semantic Web like to improve the pro- tecture for the World Wide Web, characterized by the cess of search, searching of images, building ontolo- association of machine-accessible formal semantics gies etc. with more traditional web content. The semantic web’s II. Semantic Web Evolution original motivations were to increase automation in To be accurate, the Semantic Web is an extension processing Web-based information and to improve the of today’s Web rather than an entirely new one. Cham- interoperability of web-based information systems. pioned by the father of the World Wide Web, Tim The Semantic Web is a Web that includes docu- Berners-Lee. ments, or portions of documents, describing explicit There is enormous data on the web that is neither relationships between things and containing seman- interrelated nor has a meaning attached to it. There is tic information intended for automated processing by no common framework that allows data to be shared our machines. The Semantic Web provides a common and reused across application, enterprise, and com- framework that allows data to be shared and reused munity boundaries. In order to solve this problem Se- across application, enterprise, and community bound- mantic Web is introduced in late nineties. 48