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Renewable Energy
in India
Industry Information Insights 2015
Table of Contents
 Introduction
 Installed Power Capacity
 Renewable Energy Potential
 Renewable Installed Capacity
 Schemes and Incentives
 Renewable Purchase Obligation
Introduction
India’s substantial and sustained economic growth is placing enormous demand on its energy
resources. Economic growth, increasing prosperity and urbanization, rise in per capita
consumption, and spread of energy access are the factors likely to substantially increase the
total demand for electricity.
Renewable energy is increasingly becoming a key part of the solution to the nation’s energy
needs. The importance of renewable energy sources in the transition to a sustainable energy
base was recognized in the early 1970s. In April 2002, renewable energy based power
generation installed capacity was only 3475 MW which was 2% of the total installed capacity
in India. Today, it is no longer an alternate energy source, but is increasingly becoming a key
part of the solution to the nation's energy needs.
Introduction
The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is nodal ministry of the Government of
India for matters relating to new and renewable energy. It promotes renewable energy
technologies to enhance their share in the total energy mix.
The MNRE lays down the overall policy guidelines for renewable energy programmes and
provides budgetary support for research & development and demonstration projects. It
facilitates institutional finance to financial institutions and promotes private investments
through fiscal incentives, tax holidays, depreciation allowance and remunerative returns for
power fed into the grid.
Installed Power Capacity
Renewable energy sources contribute about 30% (including hydro) in India's primary energy
supply.
Thermal
69%
Nuclear
2%
Hydro
17%
RES
12%
Source-wise Installed Power Generation Capacity
Renewable Energy Potential
India has about 2,45,000 MW of renewable energy potential. This includes over 1,00,000 MW
each from Wind and Solar Energy, 20,000 MW from Small Hydro Power and balance 25,000
MW from Bio-energy sources.
Maximum potential is in the states of Gujarat, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and
Maharashtra.
S. No. Resource Estimated Potential (MW) Remarks
1 Solar Power 100,000 30-50 MW/sq. km.
2 Wind Power 100,000 At 80 m height
3 Small Hydro Power 20,000
4 Biomass Power 17,000
5 Bagasse Cogeneration 5,000
6 Municipal Solid Waste to Energy 2,600
7 Industrial Waste to Energy 1,280
Total 245880
Renewable Installed Capacity
As on 31 December 2014, India had 33,791.67 MW of grid connected installed renewable
power.
Wind Power
67%
Small Hydro
Power (SHP)
12%
Biomass Power
4%
Bagasse
Cogeneration
8%
Waste to
Power
0%
Solar Power
(SPV)
9%
Year-wise Growth
In the last 10 years, grid-interactive renewable power has increased at CAGR of 21.03%.
Maximum capacity addition was achieved in 2011-12 in which 4943 MW was added.
4.7
6.0
8.1
10.2
12.3
14.4
16.8
20.0
24.5
28.1
31.7
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14
GW
Financial Year
Cumulative Renewable Capacity (GW)
Wind: Incentives & Schemes
Generation Based Incentive (GBI)
The Ministry of New & Renewable Energy has announced a scheme on Generation Based
Incentive (GBI) for grid connected wind power projects. A GBI is provided to wind electricity
producers @ Rs. 0.50 per unit of electricity fed into the grid for a period greater than 4 years
and a maximum period of 10 years with a cap of Rs. 1 crore per MW.
The total disbursement in a year cannot not exceed one-fourth of the maximum limit of the
incentive i.e. Rs. 25.00 Lakhs per MW during first four years.
Solar: Incentives & Schemes
Viability Gap Funding (VGF)
Solar PV Power projects under Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) Phase-II,
Batch-I of total 750 MW with Viability Gap Funding (VGF) support from National Clean
Energy Fund (NCEF).
This scheme is being implemented by the Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI), a PSU of
MNRE. VGF support is up to 30% of Project Cost limited to Rs.2.50 crore/MW based on
reverse bidding process.
SHP: Incentives & Schemes
SHP Projects in State Sector
SHP Projects in Private / Joint / Cooperative Sector
Category
100 KW to 1000 KW;
INR
1 MW to 25 MW; INR
Special category and NE
States
75,000 per KW
7.5 Crores / MW limited to 20 crore per
project.
Other States 35,000 per KW
3.5 Crores / MW limited to 20 crore per
project.
Areas Up to 25 MW; INR
N E Region, J & K, H.P. & Uttarakhand
(Special Category States)
1.5 crore/ MW limited to 5.00 crore per project
Other States 1.0 crore/ MW limited to 5.00 crore per project
Renewable Purchase Obligation
The Electricity Act, 2003 mandates the State Electricity Regulatory Commissions (SERCs) to
specify Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) for the obligated entities from renewable
energy in their States. All SERCs except Sikkim have specified RPO targets.
RPO stipulates minimum percentage of renewable energy in energy mix of Distribution
licensee, Open Access Consumer and Captive consumer.
Renewable Energy Certificates (REC)
In January 2010, the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) issued a notification
on 'Terms and Conditions for recognition and issuance of Renewable Energy Certificate
(REC) for Renewable Energy Generation'. REC seeks to address the mismatch between
availability of renewable sources and the requirements of the obligated entities to meet their
renewable purchase obligation.
Digital
Marketing
Research &
Consulting
Industry
Insights
Knowledge
Base
Our Services
http://www.energysector.in/services
Information is the key to success!
E-Mail: mail@energysector.in
Phone: +91-956036-6515
Energy Sector Information Services
Basement Floor, Bhagwan Sahai Palace
Sector - 15, Noida - 201301 (India)

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Renewable Energy in India

  • 1. Renewable Energy in India Industry Information Insights 2015
  • 2. Table of Contents  Introduction  Installed Power Capacity  Renewable Energy Potential  Renewable Installed Capacity  Schemes and Incentives  Renewable Purchase Obligation
  • 3. Introduction India’s substantial and sustained economic growth is placing enormous demand on its energy resources. Economic growth, increasing prosperity and urbanization, rise in per capita consumption, and spread of energy access are the factors likely to substantially increase the total demand for electricity. Renewable energy is increasingly becoming a key part of the solution to the nation’s energy needs. The importance of renewable energy sources in the transition to a sustainable energy base was recognized in the early 1970s. In April 2002, renewable energy based power generation installed capacity was only 3475 MW which was 2% of the total installed capacity in India. Today, it is no longer an alternate energy source, but is increasingly becoming a key part of the solution to the nation's energy needs.
  • 4. Introduction The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is nodal ministry of the Government of India for matters relating to new and renewable energy. It promotes renewable energy technologies to enhance their share in the total energy mix. The MNRE lays down the overall policy guidelines for renewable energy programmes and provides budgetary support for research & development and demonstration projects. It facilitates institutional finance to financial institutions and promotes private investments through fiscal incentives, tax holidays, depreciation allowance and remunerative returns for power fed into the grid.
  • 5. Installed Power Capacity Renewable energy sources contribute about 30% (including hydro) in India's primary energy supply. Thermal 69% Nuclear 2% Hydro 17% RES 12% Source-wise Installed Power Generation Capacity
  • 6. Renewable Energy Potential India has about 2,45,000 MW of renewable energy potential. This includes over 1,00,000 MW each from Wind and Solar Energy, 20,000 MW from Small Hydro Power and balance 25,000 MW from Bio-energy sources. Maximum potential is in the states of Gujarat, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. S. No. Resource Estimated Potential (MW) Remarks 1 Solar Power 100,000 30-50 MW/sq. km. 2 Wind Power 100,000 At 80 m height 3 Small Hydro Power 20,000 4 Biomass Power 17,000 5 Bagasse Cogeneration 5,000 6 Municipal Solid Waste to Energy 2,600 7 Industrial Waste to Energy 1,280 Total 245880
  • 7. Renewable Installed Capacity As on 31 December 2014, India had 33,791.67 MW of grid connected installed renewable power. Wind Power 67% Small Hydro Power (SHP) 12% Biomass Power 4% Bagasse Cogeneration 8% Waste to Power 0% Solar Power (SPV) 9%
  • 8. Year-wise Growth In the last 10 years, grid-interactive renewable power has increased at CAGR of 21.03%. Maximum capacity addition was achieved in 2011-12 in which 4943 MW was added. 4.7 6.0 8.1 10.2 12.3 14.4 16.8 20.0 24.5 28.1 31.7 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 GW Financial Year Cumulative Renewable Capacity (GW)
  • 9. Wind: Incentives & Schemes Generation Based Incentive (GBI) The Ministry of New & Renewable Energy has announced a scheme on Generation Based Incentive (GBI) for grid connected wind power projects. A GBI is provided to wind electricity producers @ Rs. 0.50 per unit of electricity fed into the grid for a period greater than 4 years and a maximum period of 10 years with a cap of Rs. 1 crore per MW. The total disbursement in a year cannot not exceed one-fourth of the maximum limit of the incentive i.e. Rs. 25.00 Lakhs per MW during first four years.
  • 10. Solar: Incentives & Schemes Viability Gap Funding (VGF) Solar PV Power projects under Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) Phase-II, Batch-I of total 750 MW with Viability Gap Funding (VGF) support from National Clean Energy Fund (NCEF). This scheme is being implemented by the Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI), a PSU of MNRE. VGF support is up to 30% of Project Cost limited to Rs.2.50 crore/MW based on reverse bidding process.
  • 11. SHP: Incentives & Schemes SHP Projects in State Sector SHP Projects in Private / Joint / Cooperative Sector Category 100 KW to 1000 KW; INR 1 MW to 25 MW; INR Special category and NE States 75,000 per KW 7.5 Crores / MW limited to 20 crore per project. Other States 35,000 per KW 3.5 Crores / MW limited to 20 crore per project. Areas Up to 25 MW; INR N E Region, J & K, H.P. & Uttarakhand (Special Category States) 1.5 crore/ MW limited to 5.00 crore per project Other States 1.0 crore/ MW limited to 5.00 crore per project
  • 12. Renewable Purchase Obligation The Electricity Act, 2003 mandates the State Electricity Regulatory Commissions (SERCs) to specify Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) for the obligated entities from renewable energy in their States. All SERCs except Sikkim have specified RPO targets. RPO stipulates minimum percentage of renewable energy in energy mix of Distribution licensee, Open Access Consumer and Captive consumer. Renewable Energy Certificates (REC) In January 2010, the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) issued a notification on 'Terms and Conditions for recognition and issuance of Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) for Renewable Energy Generation'. REC seeks to address the mismatch between availability of renewable sources and the requirements of the obligated entities to meet their renewable purchase obligation.
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