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Welcome to a presentation on Relative Clauses
Defining relative clauses define or identify which person or thing you are talking about: The man who came in late is the boss. There is no comma before a defining relative clause. The pronouns that you use in these clauses are who, whom, that and which. 	They are called RELATIVE PRONOUNS. Defining relative clauses
When the subject is a person: The man who came in the late is the boss. 	(OR) The man that came in late is the boss. Use who or that Use thator which ,[object Object]
I sit at the desk that faces the window.	(OR) I sit at the desk which faces the window. (formal)
When the object is a person: She’s the girl who/that I met last night. 	(or) She’s the girl I met last night. 	(or) She’s the girl whom I met last night.(formal) Use who, that, whom, or no relative pronoun Use that, which, or no relative pronoun ,[object Object]
I’ve finished that book that you lent me.(or) I’ve finished the book you lent me. (or) I’ve finished the book which you lent me. (formal) ,[object Object]
That, who and which can be left out when the thing or person is the object of the verb.,[object Object]
Non-relative defining clauses add extra information about somebody or something which could be left out and the sentence would still make sense. This extra information is separated from the main clause by commas: The film, which was shot in Mexico, has won an Oscar. The pronouns that can be used in the non-defining clauses are who, whom, which and whose. Non-defining relative clauses
When the subject is a person: My sister, who is a vegetarian, ordered a salad. Use who Use which ,[object Object]
The tickets, which can be bought at the station, are valid for a month.,[object Object]
The tickets, which I’ve paid for, are still valid.Use whose ,[object Object]

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Relative Clauses

  • 1. Welcome to a presentation on Relative Clauses
  • 2. Defining relative clauses define or identify which person or thing you are talking about: The man who came in late is the boss. There is no comma before a defining relative clause. The pronouns that you use in these clauses are who, whom, that and which. They are called RELATIVE PRONOUNS. Defining relative clauses
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  • 4. I sit at the desk that faces the window. (OR) I sit at the desk which faces the window. (formal)
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  • 8. Non-relative defining clauses add extra information about somebody or something which could be left out and the sentence would still make sense. This extra information is separated from the main clause by commas: The film, which was shot in Mexico, has won an Oscar. The pronouns that can be used in the non-defining clauses are who, whom, which and whose. Non-defining relative clauses
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  • 13. When the object is a person: The man I spoke to was very friendly. (or) The man who/that I spoke to was very friendly. (or) The man to whom I spoke was very friendly. (formal) When the object is a thing: The house I was born in is gone. (or) The house that I was born in is gone. (or) The house in which I was born is gone.(formal) Relative clauses and prepositions contd…