SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Refresh Oklahoma City
http://refreshokc.org — http://960.gs
Relax. Please don’t try to take notes feverishly.
Email — http://sonspring.com/contact
Twitter — http://twitter.com/nathansmith
Slides — http://slideshare.net/nathansmith/refresh-okc
Feel free to email me later, and download these
slides as well. These links are at the end, too.
An important discipline when using any
framework is striving to understand the
underlying language. In other words,
use it as a tool – Not a black box.
Before we get started, let’s agree: Code is not magic
Veteran “ninjas” master a variety of tools – Not just one.
Useaframeworkasanextension
ofyourself–Notjustasacrutch.
BYHAND
FRAMEWORK
http://imdb.com/title/tt1046173
“Our craft is becoming a
commodity and the people in
charge don’t care about the
quality of the markup, CSS
or how short our JavaScript
is. What matters is how fast
you can get it to market, how
many people it reaches and
how cheaply it can be built.”
Christian Heilmann — developer evangelist at Mozilla
http://thinkvitamin.com/code/web-development-is-moving-on-are-you
“Point being, choose
your battles wisely. In
the time you could
argue the relevance of
naming conventions
like these – I just built
a 16-column layout.”
Matthew Anderson — designer at OneHub.com
http://onehub.com/past/2009/5/13/why-we-chose-960gs-css-framework
Truth be told, I don’t really care if you
use the 960 Grid System or not.
I tell people who get all emotional over
“semantics” (ID & classes have none)
that it takes less energy to not use
something than to argue about it.
It also takes considerably more energy to do
research. Being ignorant is blissful and easy!
Allow me to clear up a (potential) misconception...
Semantics can reside in microformats’ class names,
because parsers are built to look for them specifically
http://microformats.org
The W3C’s “Semantic Web” doesn’t involve CSS
http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/Semantic.html
The term “Semantic Web” refers to W3C’s
vision of the Web of linked data. Semantic
Web technologies enable people to create
data stores on the Web, build vocabularies,
and write rules for handling data. Linked
data are empowered by technologies such
as RDF, SPARQL, OWL, and SKOS.
— World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
CSS gets no ♥ at the Semantic Web party
http://www.w3.org/standards/semanticweb
<tag class="peanut_butter jelly">Yummy content</tag>
Semantics live here
Not here
So let’s get this straight...
... Except in the case of microformats.
Jeff Croft’s “Frameworks for Designers” article
http://www.alistapart.com/articles/frameworksfordesigners
Jeff Croft was never one to mince words...
http://jeffcroft.com/blog/2007/nov/17/whats-not-love-about-css-frameworks
Don’t be a Luddite (Note: I was with Sass/SCSS)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luddite
The Luddites were a social
movement of British textile
artisans in the nineteenth
century who protested –
often by destroying
mechanized looms – against
the changes produced by
the Industrial Revolution,
which they felt were leaving
them without work and
changing their way of life.
Added semantics via role="..." & HTML5 tags
<header role="banner">
<nav>...</nav>
</header>
<div role="main">
<article>
<section>...</section>
</article>
<aside>...</aside>
</div>
<footer role="contentinfo">
...
</footer>
http://adactio.com/journal/4267 — http://dev.w3.org/html5/html4-differences/#new-elements
Added semantics via role="..." & HTML5 tags
<header role="banner">
<nav>...</nav>
</header>
<div role="main">
<article>
<section>...</section>
</article>
<aside>...</aside>
</div>
<footer role="contentinfo">
...
</footer>
http://adactio.com/journal/4267 — http://dev.w3.org/html5/html4-differences/#new-elements
Um, okay, but
why grids?
“My design skillz are so awesome,
I’ve never needed to use grids.”
#anyways #whatevs #whocares #sobored
For design that’s really, really, ridiculously good looking
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zoolander
Also, to do other
things good too.
The reason I create and use CSS
frameworks is because I hate doing
mundane tasks repeatedly (yawn).
I’d rather be working in JavaScript.
FYI: I don’t especially love CSS.
Co-author
Tech editor Tech editor
jQueryEnlightenment.com
oreilly.com/catalog/9780596159788
JavaScriptEnlightenment.com
JavaScript books I’ve worked on...
All involving Cody Lindley, who has been a JavaScript mentor to me: http://codylindley.com
There are many “dragons”
sharing the same public
facade in web development:
ColdFusion, Java, .NET,
Perl, PHP, Ruby, Python...
To render in a browser, it all
has to pass through HTML.
So, I think that front-end
is a good place to be! :)
Front-end is the opposite of a mythological hydra
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lernaean_Hydra
But I digress.
I’ll forever be known as “the 960 guy.”
But I guess that’s not so bad... Right?
#anyways #whatevs #whocares #sobored
The premise of the system is ideally suited to rapid
prototyping, but it would work equally well when
integrated into a production environment. There
are printable sketch sheets, design templates, and
CSS files that have identical measurements.
What’s this whole 960.gs thing all about?
960 SHIps WITH PrINtABlE *.PDf SKeTCH
SHeEts, BeCAUSe sOmEtIMeS THe BeSt
DEsIGn ToOl IS No ToOl At ALl!
WE OfTeN JUMp RIgHT INtO DEsIGn Or
CODe SoFtWARe, BUt SKeTCHInG THIngS
OUt CAN Be MUCH mOrE eFfICIEnT.
WHEn I WOrKED AS AN InFoRmATIoN
ARCHItECt, SoMe Of mY BeSt WOrK WAS
DOnE SImPlY USInG PeN AnD PApEr.
The 960 Grid System is an effort to streamline
web development by providing commonly used
dimensions, based on a width of 960 pixels.
There are two variants: 12 and 16 columns,
which can be used separately or in tandem.
If you like, there’s also a 24-column version.
“Dogfooding” = When you use your own product
NOM, NOM, NOM — I use 960 regularly! :)
The 12-column grid is divided into portions that
are 60 pixels wide. The 16-column grid consists
of 40 pixel increments. Each column has 10
pixels of margin on the left and right, which
create 20 pixel wide gutters between columns.
The 24-column grid is also included. It consists
of columns 30 pixels wide, with 10 pixel gutters,
and a 5 pixel buffer on each side of the container.
12, 16, and 24 columns available by default
Show me
teh codez!
#anyways #whatevs #whocares #sobored
Typical use case for a 12-column grid
<div class="container_12">
<div class="grid_4">
I am 1/3 wide.
</div>
<div class="grid_4">
I am 1/3 wide.
</div>
<div class="grid_4">
Me too!
</div>
<div class="clear"></div> <!-- Yuck, I know -->
<div class="grid_6">
I am 1/2 wide.
</div>
<div class="grid_6">
I am 1/2 wide.
</div>
</div>
Typical use case for a 12-column grid
<div class="container_12">
<div class="grid_4">
I am 1/3 wide.
</div>
<div class="grid_4">
I am 1/3 wide.
</div>
<div class="grid_4">
Me too!
</div>
<div class="clear"></div> <!-- Yuck, I know -->
<div class="grid_6">
I am 1/2 wide.
</div>
<div class="grid_6">
I am 1/2 wide.
</div>
</div>
Nested grids & Column rearrangement
<div class="container_12">
<div class="grid_6 push_6">
<div class="grid_2 alpha">
First nested grid.
</div>
<div class="grid_2">
Middle. No special class.
</div>
<div class="grid_2 omega">
Last nested grid.
</div>
</div>
<div class="grid_6 pull_6">
Last in markup, first visually.
</div>
</div>
Nested grids: alpha = first, omega = last (per row)
<div class="container_12">
<div class="grid_6 push_6">
<div class="grid_2 alpha">
First nested grid.
</div>
<div class="grid_2">
Middle. No special class.
</div>
<div class="grid_2 omega">
Last nested grid.
</div>
</div>
<div class="grid_6 pull_6">
Last in markup, first visually.
</div>
</div>
Column rearrangement (SEO maybe)
<div class="container_12">
<div class="grid_6 push_6">
<div class="grid_2 alpha">
First nested grid.
</div>
<div class="grid_2">
Middle. No special class.
</div>
<div class="grid_2 omega">
Last nested grid.
</div>
</div>
<div class="grid_6 pull_6">
Last in markup, first visually.
</div>
</div>
http://960.gs/demo.html
http://960.gs/demo.html
Have fixed-width grids become too pervasive?
http://twitter.com/jcroft/status/49880667374354433
Have fixed-width grids become too pervasive?
http://twitter.com/nathansmith/status/49882179379015680
http://grids.heroku.com
Many more possibilities via grid generators
Templates available for your weapon of choice...
Acorn Fireworks Flash
InDesign GIMP Inkscape
Illustrator OmniGraffle Photoshop
QuarkXPress Visio
Expression
Design
Adobe Fireworks 960.gs extension (Photoshop too)
Grids can accelerate progress while maintaining order
http://www.flickr.com/photos/meckert75/3732780382
Michael Phelps following a painted line at the bottom
of a pool doesn’t make him a less talented swimmer.
http://livinggallery.oneindia.in/main.php?g2_itemId=32903
“Our best practices are killing us” – Nicole Sullivan
http://www.slideshare.net/stubbornella/our-best-practices-are-killing-us
Three best practice myths...
1. Don’t add any extra elements
2. Don’t add classes
3. Use descendent selectors exclusively
“Our best practices are killing us” – Nicole Sullivan
http://www.slideshare.net/stubbornella/our-best-practices-are-killing-us
Three best practice myths...
1. Don’t add any extra elements
2. Don’t add classes
3. Use descendent selectors exclusively
Take all “rules” in development with a grain of salt
Sensibly revised...
1. Add extra elements sparingly
2. Add classes thoughtfully
3. Avoid descendent selector kludge...
How would you style these <a> links?
<ul class="menu">
<li>
<a href="/">Home</a>
</li>
<li>
<a href="/about">About</a>
</li>
</ul>
Use only the selectors that are necessary.
.menu a {
/* Terse = Get ‘er done! */
}
ul.menu li a {
/* Too heavy = Overkill. */
}
http://www.digital-web.com/articles/smart_CSS_aint_always_sexy_CSS
Still true: “Smart CSS ain’t always sexy CSS”
Inspiration: Khoi Vinn
http://www.subtraction.com/2004/12/31/grid-computi
http://www.cameronmoll.com/archives/2006/12/gridding_the_960
Inspiration: Cameron Moll
http://www.cameronmoll.com/archives/2006/12/gridding_the_960
Inspiration: Cameron Moll
Inspiration: Olav Bjørkøy
http://bjorkoy.com/2007/08/launch-blueprint-a-css-framework
http://www.adaptivepath.com/ideas/e000863
Inspiration: Brandon Schauer
http://www.adaptivepath.com/ideas/e000863
http://www.markboulton.co.uk/journal/comments/five-simple-steps-to-designing-grid-systems-part-1
Inspiration: Mark Boulton
Frameworks are kind of like sheet music. They are
organized, and can keep teams on the same page.
http://www.flickr.com/photos/avlxyz/3280803912
Like jazz, responsive design is contextual.
No two approaches are exactly the same.
Responsive Web Design - using @media queries
http://www.alistapart.com/articles/responsive-web-design
http://hicksdesign.co.uk
Hicksdesign.co.uk = Beautiful responsive web design
http://www.cloudfour.com/css-media-query-for-mobile-is-fools-gold
Media queries for mobile aren’t a magic bullet
LifeChurch.tv - Separate site for mobile & desktop
http://m.lifechurch.tv — http://www.lifechurch.tv
Percentage-based grid, screenshot in Firefox 4.0
310px
150px
http://host.sonspring.com/yui3_grid
309px
149px
Percentage-based grid, screenshot in Chrome 10.0
http://host.sonspring.com/yui3_grid
http://960.gs/demo_24_col.html
960’s 24 column grid = Exact multiples of 10
Whither: Grid framework or Responsive design?
Doing a fixed-width design using a grid framework is
relatively easy. Whereas, doing a responsive design
that looks solid at every resolution is multivariate and
there is not (yet) an automated, foolproof solution.
VS
Pet peeve: “Use tomorrow’s technology, today!”
The mere fact we’re even able to use it
today makes it today’s technology.
As designers and developers, it’s easy to
get so caught up in wanting to use the
latest and greatest (to a fault) that we
forget to try and tackle present-day
problems with proven technologies.
http://twitter.com/igorskee/status/52152273178079232
Where media queries fall short, JavaScript shines
Smart JS hackers = Context-aware image sizing
http://filamentgroup.com/lab/responsive_images_experimenting_with_context_aware_image_sizing
Symphony + Jazz = Crazy ~ Like playing jazz flute
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anchorman:_The_Legend_of_Ron_Burgundy
Adapt.js - Serve 960’s (or any) CSS dynamically
http://adapt.960.gs
Note: Not an endorsement, just a Twitter link...
http://twitter.com/zeldman/status/59432011693166592
For what it’s worth, a lot of people linked to it...
How to use Adapt.js = A human-readable config
<script>
// Edit to suit your needs.
var ADAPT_CONFIG = {
// Where is your CSS?
path: 'assets/css/',
// false = Only run once, when page first loads.
// true = Change on window resize and page tilt.
dynamic: true,
// Optional callback... myCallback(i, width)
callback: myCallback,
// First range entry is the minimum.
// Last range entry is the maximum.
// Separate ranges by "to" keyword.
range: [
'0px to 760px = mobile.css',
'760px to 980px = 720.css',
'980px to 1280px = 960.css',
'1280px to 1600px = 1200.css',
'1600px to 1920px = 1560.css',
'1920px = fluid.css'
]
};
</script>
How to use Adapt.js = A human-readable config
<script>
// Edit to suit your needs.
var ADAPT_CONFIG = {
// Where is your CSS?
path: 'assets/css/',
// false = Only run once, when page first loads.
// true = Change on window resize and page tilt.
dynamic: true,
// Optional callback... myCallback(i, width)
callback: myCallback,
// First range entry is the minimum.
// Last range entry is the maximum.
// Separate ranges by "to" keyword.
range: [
'0px to 760px = mobile.css',
'760px to 980px = 720.css',
'980px to 1280px = 960.css',
'1280px to 1600px = 1200.css',
'1600px to 1920px = 1560.css',
'1920px = fluid.css'
]
};
</script>
845 bytes
Minified, Adapt.js is less than 1 KB.
(Allow me to put into perspective)
What about adding JavaScript page-weight?
60 × 40 pixel JPG @ 70% quality = 908 bytes
My son, figuring out that the wind can spin pinwheels
908 bytes
http://www.flickr.com/photos/nathansmith/5625332824
Or, as my dad used to tell me as a kid...
“Don’t worry about problems
smaller than a gnat’s backside.”
Note: If the extra HTTP request for JS is a
concern, the file size is small enough to just
include inline in the document’s <head>.
Not to go all “Ron Burgundy” on you, but...
“Kind of a [small] deal”
I didn’t set out to write a
terse snippet of JavaScript.
That’s just how easy the
problem was to solve.
Seriously though, consider
what will be best for your
project. Nothing is a magic
bullet. Code is just code.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anchorman:_The_Legend_of_Ron_Burgundy
In fact, here’s a slew of alternatives
you might like better. You should
explore every option, and choose
one that makes sense to you.
Or, if nothing seems like a good fit,
I’d encourage you to create one!
To reiterate: I don’t care if you use 960.gs or Adapt.js
Sencha Touch
http://sencha.com/touch
http://dojotoolkit.org/features/mobile
Dojo Mobile
jQuery Mobile
http://jquerymobile.com
http://jeromeetienne.github.com/jquery-mobile-960
Blueprint CSS Framework
http://blueprintcss.org
HTML5 Boilerplate - Mobile
http://html5boilerplate.com/mobile
Less Framework 4
http://lessframework.com
http://cssgrid.net
1140 CSS Grid
The Square Grid
http://thesquaregrid.com
Respond.js - Parses CSS3 @media queries
https://github.com/scottjehl/Respond
And the list
goes on...
But you get the point. There are plenty
of options out there to choose from.
(I just want to mention two more things)
To prevent developers from
wasting countless hours on
styling dumb form elements
Note: I wasted countless hours styling dumb form elements, so you don’t have to!
Forms = Quite possibly, the worst part of web design
“Future plans include a tutorial on how
to use jQuery to add styling hooks to
form elements, since I know from
experience that is no cup of tea.”
— Source = Me when announcing 960.gs in 2008!
— Excuse = New HTML5 elements set me back :)
It’s been awhile in the making...
http://sonspring.com/journal/960-grid-system
http://formalize.me
I finally distilled my approach to forms
http://sass-lang.com
I prefer using Sass to expedite writing CSS
I didn’t think I would like Sass, but I do. Oh, and
if you’re going to use Sass, use Sass, not SCSS.
Questions? Comments? Hate mail? :)
Email — http://sonspring.com/contact
Twitter — http://twitter.com/nathansmith
Slides — http://slideshare.net/nathansmith/refresh-okc
Thanks for attending my presentation!
Feel free to email or say “hi” on Twitter.

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Refresh OKC

  • 2. Relax. Please don’t try to take notes feverishly. Email — http://sonspring.com/contact Twitter — http://twitter.com/nathansmith Slides — http://slideshare.net/nathansmith/refresh-okc Feel free to email me later, and download these slides as well. These links are at the end, too.
  • 3. An important discipline when using any framework is striving to understand the underlying language. In other words, use it as a tool – Not a black box. Before we get started, let’s agree: Code is not magic
  • 4. Veteran “ninjas” master a variety of tools – Not just one. Useaframeworkasanextension ofyourself–Notjustasacrutch. BYHAND FRAMEWORK http://imdb.com/title/tt1046173
  • 5. “Our craft is becoming a commodity and the people in charge don’t care about the quality of the markup, CSS or how short our JavaScript is. What matters is how fast you can get it to market, how many people it reaches and how cheaply it can be built.” Christian Heilmann — developer evangelist at Mozilla http://thinkvitamin.com/code/web-development-is-moving-on-are-you
  • 6. “Point being, choose your battles wisely. In the time you could argue the relevance of naming conventions like these – I just built a 16-column layout.” Matthew Anderson — designer at OneHub.com http://onehub.com/past/2009/5/13/why-we-chose-960gs-css-framework
  • 7. Truth be told, I don’t really care if you use the 960 Grid System or not. I tell people who get all emotional over “semantics” (ID & classes have none) that it takes less energy to not use something than to argue about it. It also takes considerably more energy to do research. Being ignorant is blissful and easy! Allow me to clear up a (potential) misconception...
  • 8. Semantics can reside in microformats’ class names, because parsers are built to look for them specifically http://microformats.org
  • 9. The W3C’s “Semantic Web” doesn’t involve CSS http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/Semantic.html
  • 10. The term “Semantic Web” refers to W3C’s vision of the Web of linked data. Semantic Web technologies enable people to create data stores on the Web, build vocabularies, and write rules for handling data. Linked data are empowered by technologies such as RDF, SPARQL, OWL, and SKOS. — World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) CSS gets no ♥ at the Semantic Web party http://www.w3.org/standards/semanticweb
  • 11. <tag class="peanut_butter jelly">Yummy content</tag> Semantics live here Not here So let’s get this straight... ... Except in the case of microformats.
  • 12. Jeff Croft’s “Frameworks for Designers” article http://www.alistapart.com/articles/frameworksfordesigners
  • 13. Jeff Croft was never one to mince words... http://jeffcroft.com/blog/2007/nov/17/whats-not-love-about-css-frameworks
  • 14. Don’t be a Luddite (Note: I was with Sass/SCSS) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luddite The Luddites were a social movement of British textile artisans in the nineteenth century who protested – often by destroying mechanized looms – against the changes produced by the Industrial Revolution, which they felt were leaving them without work and changing their way of life.
  • 15. Added semantics via role="..." & HTML5 tags <header role="banner"> <nav>...</nav> </header> <div role="main"> <article> <section>...</section> </article> <aside>...</aside> </div> <footer role="contentinfo"> ... </footer> http://adactio.com/journal/4267 — http://dev.w3.org/html5/html4-differences/#new-elements
  • 16. Added semantics via role="..." & HTML5 tags <header role="banner"> <nav>...</nav> </header> <div role="main"> <article> <section>...</section> </article> <aside>...</aside> </div> <footer role="contentinfo"> ... </footer> http://adactio.com/journal/4267 — http://dev.w3.org/html5/html4-differences/#new-elements
  • 17. Um, okay, but why grids? “My design skillz are so awesome, I’ve never needed to use grids.” #anyways #whatevs #whocares #sobored
  • 18. For design that’s really, really, ridiculously good looking http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zoolander Also, to do other things good too.
  • 19. The reason I create and use CSS frameworks is because I hate doing mundane tasks repeatedly (yawn). I’d rather be working in JavaScript. FYI: I don’t especially love CSS.
  • 20. Co-author Tech editor Tech editor jQueryEnlightenment.com oreilly.com/catalog/9780596159788 JavaScriptEnlightenment.com JavaScript books I’ve worked on... All involving Cody Lindley, who has been a JavaScript mentor to me: http://codylindley.com
  • 21. There are many “dragons” sharing the same public facade in web development: ColdFusion, Java, .NET, Perl, PHP, Ruby, Python... To render in a browser, it all has to pass through HTML. So, I think that front-end is a good place to be! :) Front-end is the opposite of a mythological hydra http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lernaean_Hydra
  • 22. But I digress. I’ll forever be known as “the 960 guy.” But I guess that’s not so bad... Right? #anyways #whatevs #whocares #sobored
  • 23. The premise of the system is ideally suited to rapid prototyping, but it would work equally well when integrated into a production environment. There are printable sketch sheets, design templates, and CSS files that have identical measurements. What’s this whole 960.gs thing all about?
  • 24. 960 SHIps WITH PrINtABlE *.PDf SKeTCH SHeEts, BeCAUSe sOmEtIMeS THe BeSt DEsIGn ToOl IS No ToOl At ALl! WE OfTeN JUMp RIgHT INtO DEsIGn Or CODe SoFtWARe, BUt SKeTCHInG THIngS OUt CAN Be MUCH mOrE eFfICIEnT. WHEn I WOrKED AS AN InFoRmATIoN ARCHItECt, SoMe Of mY BeSt WOrK WAS DOnE SImPlY USInG PeN AnD PApEr.
  • 25. The 960 Grid System is an effort to streamline web development by providing commonly used dimensions, based on a width of 960 pixels. There are two variants: 12 and 16 columns, which can be used separately or in tandem. If you like, there’s also a 24-column version. “Dogfooding” = When you use your own product NOM, NOM, NOM — I use 960 regularly! :)
  • 26. The 12-column grid is divided into portions that are 60 pixels wide. The 16-column grid consists of 40 pixel increments. Each column has 10 pixels of margin on the left and right, which create 20 pixel wide gutters between columns. The 24-column grid is also included. It consists of columns 30 pixels wide, with 10 pixel gutters, and a 5 pixel buffer on each side of the container. 12, 16, and 24 columns available by default
  • 27. Show me teh codez! #anyways #whatevs #whocares #sobored
  • 28. Typical use case for a 12-column grid <div class="container_12"> <div class="grid_4"> I am 1/3 wide. </div> <div class="grid_4"> I am 1/3 wide. </div> <div class="grid_4"> Me too! </div> <div class="clear"></div> <!-- Yuck, I know --> <div class="grid_6"> I am 1/2 wide. </div> <div class="grid_6"> I am 1/2 wide. </div> </div>
  • 29. Typical use case for a 12-column grid <div class="container_12"> <div class="grid_4"> I am 1/3 wide. </div> <div class="grid_4"> I am 1/3 wide. </div> <div class="grid_4"> Me too! </div> <div class="clear"></div> <!-- Yuck, I know --> <div class="grid_6"> I am 1/2 wide. </div> <div class="grid_6"> I am 1/2 wide. </div> </div>
  • 30. Nested grids & Column rearrangement <div class="container_12"> <div class="grid_6 push_6"> <div class="grid_2 alpha"> First nested grid. </div> <div class="grid_2"> Middle. No special class. </div> <div class="grid_2 omega"> Last nested grid. </div> </div> <div class="grid_6 pull_6"> Last in markup, first visually. </div> </div>
  • 31. Nested grids: alpha = first, omega = last (per row) <div class="container_12"> <div class="grid_6 push_6"> <div class="grid_2 alpha"> First nested grid. </div> <div class="grid_2"> Middle. No special class. </div> <div class="grid_2 omega"> Last nested grid. </div> </div> <div class="grid_6 pull_6"> Last in markup, first visually. </div> </div>
  • 32. Column rearrangement (SEO maybe) <div class="container_12"> <div class="grid_6 push_6"> <div class="grid_2 alpha"> First nested grid. </div> <div class="grid_2"> Middle. No special class. </div> <div class="grid_2 omega"> Last nested grid. </div> </div> <div class="grid_6 pull_6"> Last in markup, first visually. </div> </div>
  • 35. Have fixed-width grids become too pervasive? http://twitter.com/jcroft/status/49880667374354433
  • 36. Have fixed-width grids become too pervasive? http://twitter.com/nathansmith/status/49882179379015680
  • 38. Templates available for your weapon of choice... Acorn Fireworks Flash InDesign GIMP Inkscape Illustrator OmniGraffle Photoshop QuarkXPress Visio Expression Design
  • 39. Adobe Fireworks 960.gs extension (Photoshop too)
  • 40. Grids can accelerate progress while maintaining order http://www.flickr.com/photos/meckert75/3732780382
  • 41. Michael Phelps following a painted line at the bottom of a pool doesn’t make him a less talented swimmer. http://livinggallery.oneindia.in/main.php?g2_itemId=32903
  • 42.
  • 43.
  • 44.
  • 45.
  • 46.
  • 47.
  • 48. “Our best practices are killing us” – Nicole Sullivan http://www.slideshare.net/stubbornella/our-best-practices-are-killing-us Three best practice myths... 1. Don’t add any extra elements 2. Don’t add classes 3. Use descendent selectors exclusively
  • 49. “Our best practices are killing us” – Nicole Sullivan http://www.slideshare.net/stubbornella/our-best-practices-are-killing-us Three best practice myths... 1. Don’t add any extra elements 2. Don’t add classes 3. Use descendent selectors exclusively
  • 50. Take all “rules” in development with a grain of salt Sensibly revised... 1. Add extra elements sparingly 2. Add classes thoughtfully 3. Avoid descendent selector kludge...
  • 51. How would you style these <a> links? <ul class="menu"> <li> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li> <a href="/about">About</a> </li> </ul>
  • 52. Use only the selectors that are necessary. .menu a { /* Terse = Get ‘er done! */ } ul.menu li a { /* Too heavy = Overkill. */ }
  • 61. Frameworks are kind of like sheet music. They are organized, and can keep teams on the same page. http://www.flickr.com/photos/avlxyz/3280803912
  • 62. Like jazz, responsive design is contextual. No two approaches are exactly the same.
  • 63. Responsive Web Design - using @media queries http://www.alistapart.com/articles/responsive-web-design
  • 66. LifeChurch.tv - Separate site for mobile & desktop http://m.lifechurch.tv — http://www.lifechurch.tv
  • 67. Percentage-based grid, screenshot in Firefox 4.0 310px 150px http://host.sonspring.com/yui3_grid
  • 68. 309px 149px Percentage-based grid, screenshot in Chrome 10.0 http://host.sonspring.com/yui3_grid
  • 69. http://960.gs/demo_24_col.html 960’s 24 column grid = Exact multiples of 10
  • 70. Whither: Grid framework or Responsive design? Doing a fixed-width design using a grid framework is relatively easy. Whereas, doing a responsive design that looks solid at every resolution is multivariate and there is not (yet) an automated, foolproof solution. VS
  • 71. Pet peeve: “Use tomorrow’s technology, today!” The mere fact we’re even able to use it today makes it today’s technology. As designers and developers, it’s easy to get so caught up in wanting to use the latest and greatest (to a fault) that we forget to try and tackle present-day problems with proven technologies.
  • 73. Smart JS hackers = Context-aware image sizing http://filamentgroup.com/lab/responsive_images_experimenting_with_context_aware_image_sizing
  • 74. Symphony + Jazz = Crazy ~ Like playing jazz flute http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anchorman:_The_Legend_of_Ron_Burgundy
  • 75. Adapt.js - Serve 960’s (or any) CSS dynamically http://adapt.960.gs
  • 76. Note: Not an endorsement, just a Twitter link... http://twitter.com/zeldman/status/59432011693166592
  • 77. For what it’s worth, a lot of people linked to it...
  • 78. How to use Adapt.js = A human-readable config <script> // Edit to suit your needs. var ADAPT_CONFIG = { // Where is your CSS? path: 'assets/css/', // false = Only run once, when page first loads. // true = Change on window resize and page tilt. dynamic: true, // Optional callback... myCallback(i, width) callback: myCallback, // First range entry is the minimum. // Last range entry is the maximum. // Separate ranges by "to" keyword. range: [ '0px to 760px = mobile.css', '760px to 980px = 720.css', '980px to 1280px = 960.css', '1280px to 1600px = 1200.css', '1600px to 1920px = 1560.css', '1920px = fluid.css' ] }; </script>
  • 79. How to use Adapt.js = A human-readable config <script> // Edit to suit your needs. var ADAPT_CONFIG = { // Where is your CSS? path: 'assets/css/', // false = Only run once, when page first loads. // true = Change on window resize and page tilt. dynamic: true, // Optional callback... myCallback(i, width) callback: myCallback, // First range entry is the minimum. // Last range entry is the maximum. // Separate ranges by "to" keyword. range: [ '0px to 760px = mobile.css', '760px to 980px = 720.css', '980px to 1280px = 960.css', '1280px to 1600px = 1200.css', '1600px to 1920px = 1560.css', '1920px = fluid.css' ] }; </script>
  • 80. 845 bytes Minified, Adapt.js is less than 1 KB. (Allow me to put into perspective) What about adding JavaScript page-weight?
  • 81. 60 × 40 pixel JPG @ 70% quality = 908 bytes My son, figuring out that the wind can spin pinwheels 908 bytes http://www.flickr.com/photos/nathansmith/5625332824
  • 82. Or, as my dad used to tell me as a kid... “Don’t worry about problems smaller than a gnat’s backside.” Note: If the extra HTTP request for JS is a concern, the file size is small enough to just include inline in the document’s <head>.
  • 83. Not to go all “Ron Burgundy” on you, but... “Kind of a [small] deal” I didn’t set out to write a terse snippet of JavaScript. That’s just how easy the problem was to solve. Seriously though, consider what will be best for your project. Nothing is a magic bullet. Code is just code. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anchorman:_The_Legend_of_Ron_Burgundy
  • 84. In fact, here’s a slew of alternatives you might like better. You should explore every option, and choose one that makes sense to you. Or, if nothing seems like a good fit, I’d encourage you to create one! To reiterate: I don’t care if you use 960.gs or Adapt.js
  • 90. HTML5 Boilerplate - Mobile http://html5boilerplate.com/mobile
  • 94. Respond.js - Parses CSS3 @media queries https://github.com/scottjehl/Respond
  • 95. And the list goes on... But you get the point. There are plenty of options out there to choose from. (I just want to mention two more things)
  • 96. To prevent developers from wasting countless hours on styling dumb form elements Note: I wasted countless hours styling dumb form elements, so you don’t have to! Forms = Quite possibly, the worst part of web design
  • 97. “Future plans include a tutorial on how to use jQuery to add styling hooks to form elements, since I know from experience that is no cup of tea.” — Source = Me when announcing 960.gs in 2008! — Excuse = New HTML5 elements set me back :) It’s been awhile in the making... http://sonspring.com/journal/960-grid-system
  • 99.
  • 100. http://sass-lang.com I prefer using Sass to expedite writing CSS I didn’t think I would like Sass, but I do. Oh, and if you’re going to use Sass, use Sass, not SCSS.
  • 101. Questions? Comments? Hate mail? :) Email — http://sonspring.com/contact Twitter — http://twitter.com/nathansmith Slides — http://slideshare.net/nathansmith/refresh-okc Thanks for attending my presentation! Feel free to email or say “hi” on Twitter.