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RECTIFICATION OF ERRORS
BS-IT 3RD
Presenters Enrollment# Instructor
Afrasiyab Haider 16-ARID-02 Ma’m Sehar
Afshan 
Talha Saleem 16-ARID-18
Bilawal Mushtaq 16-ARID-05
WHAT T LEARN?
A. Rectification of error
B. Types of Errors
i. One Sided Errors
ii. Two Sided Errors
C. Suspense Account
WHAT IS RECTIFICATION OF ERROR?
•Once an error is detected. It
should be properly corrected.
The correction of accounting
error in a systematic manner is
called rectification of errors.
TRIAL BALANCE 
•Trial balance is a list of closing
balances of Ledger account on a
certain date and is the first step
towards the preparation of
financial statements
TYPES F ERRRS:
Two Sided Errors (Not effecting Trial balance agreement)
 Error of Omission
 Error Of Commission
 Error of Original Entry
 Compensating Error
 Error of Principal
 One Sided Errors (Effecting Trial balance agreement)
 Suspense Account
TW SIDED ERROR
• Error of Omission:
It means that a transaction has been
completely omitted from the original books of
accounts.
 It will neither appear on the debit side nor on
Credit side of the Trial balance.
EXAMPLE:
• Purchase of goods from Arshad & Co Rs. 4000
was omitted to be recorded in the books.
Correct Entry Wrong Entry Rectify Entry
Purchases 4000 Nil Purchases 4000
Arshad & Co 4000 Nil Arshad & Co 4000
TW SIDED ERROR
•Error of Commission:
It means that a transaction instead of being
recorded in the right account, has been recorded in
the wrong account of the same class.
EXAMPLE:
• A sale of Rs. 3000 to A was wrongly debited to the
account of B.
Correct Entry Wrong Entry Rectify Entry
A 3000 B 3000 A 3000
Sales 3000 Sales 3000 B 3000
TW SIDED ERROR:
• Error of Original Entry:
It means that the amount of a
transaction has been wrongly recorded
in the journal and the same wrong
amount was also posted in the Ledger.
EXAMPLE:
• Goods sold to Mr. Naeem for Rs. 5000 was wrongly recorded in
the sales journal at Rs. 500 and the same amount of Rs. 500 is
posted both in the Mr. Naeem A/c and in sales A/c.
Correct Entry Wrong Entry Rectify Entry
Mr. Naeem 5000 Mr. Naeem 500 Mr. Naeem 4500
Sales 5000 Sales 500 Sales 4500
TW SIDED ERROR:
• Error of Principal:
Error of principle mean errors caused due to
violation of generally accepted accounting principles e.g.,
incorrect allocation between capital and revenue items.
Treating capital expenditure as a revenue expenditure.
 Treating revenue expenditure as a capital expenditure.
DIFF B/W REVENUE AND CAPITAL
• Revenue Expenditure
o Short term benefits
o Routine Expenses
( occurrence again and again to
continue business operation)
• Capital Expenditure
o Long term benefits
o Not in routine
EXAMPLE
• Paid wages on installation of new Machinery on Rs. 10,000
but recorded as a wages expenses.
Correct Entry Wrong Entry Rectify Entry
Machinery 10,000 Wages Exp. 10,000 Machinery 10,000
Cash 10,000 Cash 10,000 Wages Exp. 10,000
TW SIDED ERRORS:
•Compensating Errors:
It means that some errors in amount have
occurred on the opposite side of two or more accounts
and have cancelled themselves in the net result.
Compensate
EXAMPLES
• Purchase A/c has been wrongly debited with Rs.5000 instead of
Rs.4000. On the other hand Asif A/c has been wrongly credited with
Rs.1500 instead of Rs.1000 and Sales A/c has been wrongly
credited with Rs.6000 instead of Rs.5500.
Correct Entry Wrong Entry Rectify Entry
Purchase 4000 Purchase 5000 Purchase 1000
Asif 1000 Asif 1500 Asif 500
Sales 5500 Sales 6000 Sales 500
NE SIDED ERRORS:
• When these words like wrongly debited, wrongly credited
and posted are used in any statements then there is error in
one account. This is called One Sided Error.
SUSPENSE ACCUNT
A suspense account is an account in
the general ledger in which amounts are
temporarily recorded. The suspense
account is used because the proper
account could not be determined at the
time that the transaction was recorded.
D YU HAVE ANY
QUESTINS???

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Rectification of errors (Financial Accounting)

  • 1.
  • 3. BS-IT 3RD Presenters Enrollment# Instructor Afrasiyab Haider 16-ARID-02 Ma’m Sehar Afshan  Talha Saleem 16-ARID-18 Bilawal Mushtaq 16-ARID-05
  • 4. WHAT T LEARN? A. Rectification of error B. Types of Errors i. One Sided Errors ii. Two Sided Errors C. Suspense Account
  • 5. WHAT IS RECTIFICATION OF ERROR? •Once an error is detected. It should be properly corrected. The correction of accounting error in a systematic manner is called rectification of errors.
  • 6. TRIAL BALANCE  •Trial balance is a list of closing balances of Ledger account on a certain date and is the first step towards the preparation of financial statements
  • 7. TYPES F ERRRS: Two Sided Errors (Not effecting Trial balance agreement)  Error of Omission  Error Of Commission  Error of Original Entry  Compensating Error  Error of Principal  One Sided Errors (Effecting Trial balance agreement)  Suspense Account
  • 8. TW SIDED ERROR • Error of Omission: It means that a transaction has been completely omitted from the original books of accounts.  It will neither appear on the debit side nor on Credit side of the Trial balance.
  • 9. EXAMPLE: • Purchase of goods from Arshad & Co Rs. 4000 was omitted to be recorded in the books. Correct Entry Wrong Entry Rectify Entry Purchases 4000 Nil Purchases 4000 Arshad & Co 4000 Nil Arshad & Co 4000
  • 10. TW SIDED ERROR •Error of Commission: It means that a transaction instead of being recorded in the right account, has been recorded in the wrong account of the same class.
  • 11. EXAMPLE: • A sale of Rs. 3000 to A was wrongly debited to the account of B. Correct Entry Wrong Entry Rectify Entry A 3000 B 3000 A 3000 Sales 3000 Sales 3000 B 3000
  • 12. TW SIDED ERROR: • Error of Original Entry: It means that the amount of a transaction has been wrongly recorded in the journal and the same wrong amount was also posted in the Ledger.
  • 13. EXAMPLE: • Goods sold to Mr. Naeem for Rs. 5000 was wrongly recorded in the sales journal at Rs. 500 and the same amount of Rs. 500 is posted both in the Mr. Naeem A/c and in sales A/c. Correct Entry Wrong Entry Rectify Entry Mr. Naeem 5000 Mr. Naeem 500 Mr. Naeem 4500 Sales 5000 Sales 500 Sales 4500
  • 14. TW SIDED ERROR: • Error of Principal: Error of principle mean errors caused due to violation of generally accepted accounting principles e.g., incorrect allocation between capital and revenue items. Treating capital expenditure as a revenue expenditure.  Treating revenue expenditure as a capital expenditure.
  • 15. DIFF B/W REVENUE AND CAPITAL • Revenue Expenditure o Short term benefits o Routine Expenses ( occurrence again and again to continue business operation) • Capital Expenditure o Long term benefits o Not in routine
  • 16. EXAMPLE • Paid wages on installation of new Machinery on Rs. 10,000 but recorded as a wages expenses. Correct Entry Wrong Entry Rectify Entry Machinery 10,000 Wages Exp. 10,000 Machinery 10,000 Cash 10,000 Cash 10,000 Wages Exp. 10,000
  • 17. TW SIDED ERRORS: •Compensating Errors: It means that some errors in amount have occurred on the opposite side of two or more accounts and have cancelled themselves in the net result. Compensate
  • 18. EXAMPLES • Purchase A/c has been wrongly debited with Rs.5000 instead of Rs.4000. On the other hand Asif A/c has been wrongly credited with Rs.1500 instead of Rs.1000 and Sales A/c has been wrongly credited with Rs.6000 instead of Rs.5500. Correct Entry Wrong Entry Rectify Entry Purchase 4000 Purchase 5000 Purchase 1000 Asif 1000 Asif 1500 Asif 500 Sales 5500 Sales 6000 Sales 500
  • 19. NE SIDED ERRORS: • When these words like wrongly debited, wrongly credited and posted are used in any statements then there is error in one account. This is called One Sided Error.
  • 20. SUSPENSE ACCUNT A suspense account is an account in the general ledger in which amounts are temporarily recorded. The suspense account is used because the proper account could not be determined at the time that the transaction was recorded.
  • 21. D YU HAVE ANY QUESTINS???