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Where animals mean life
Animals do signify life …
…because in South Sudan, small holder agricultural
production is the base for a sustainable development.
VSF Germany supports pastoralists and
                                     agropastoralists in the East of Africa…




… implementing projects in Kenya,
Ethiopia, Somalia, South-Sudan and
North-Sudan.                         VSF G works in South Sudan since 1998; since 2005
                                     South Sudan is organised in „Bundesstaaten“ = States,
                                     sub-dividd in Counties.
But taking care of the animals is not enough to
ensure food security and development of rural
communities, for example in




Gogrial East County
Warrap State / South Sudan

Recovery and Rehabilitation Project 09
Gogrial East (RRP), May 2006 – May 2010
an integral rural development project implemented by VSF Germany
RRP Gogrial East
A gate to
self-determined development …




  4 lessons learned after 4 years of project implementation
RRP after the civil war– rehabilitation and first
                  steps towards the integrated development of a
                  rural county
             RRP = Recovery and Rehabilitation Project

Global aim: Contribution to poverty reduction and improvement of food security of the rural
population
through:
improvement of animal health and livestock production; increase, improvement and
diversification of agricultural production;
improvement of Basic and Reproductive Health Services with focus on women and children;
improvement of access to safe water;
improvement of access to education and training;
based on close collaboration with the Local Government in supporting them to take up hteir
responsibilities

Partners collaborating in RRP therefore are:
- Local Government Authorities and Administration of Gogrial East - Citizens of Gogrial East

- VSF Germany as Lead Agent
- International NGOs:
  CESVI, IoH, WVI, VSF Germany
- South Sudanese NGOs:
  INFRAID and SEDA,
Lesson No 1: Close collaboration with LGA and communities
 as a base




With RRP, citizens of Gogrial East met to discuss issues concerning the improvement of their lives,
like here in the Participatory Review and Planning Workshop in September 2008
Women are involved and take their stand: not only at community meetings, but
also when traders of the market towns came together to form their association.
…
…as well as the youth of both sexes




… as here in a meeting for youth groups in
the county capital Lietnhom
RRP moved ahead in supporting the setting up of county
structures:
Equipping of operational base in Luonyaker and finalising
the Local Government Authorities office in Lietnhom, the
county headquarters.
                                             When in Luonyaker, the County
                                             Officers used to hold meetings
                                             in this tukul.

                                             Now they use the rooms of the new
                                             operational base whenever they
                                             come from Lietnhom to Luonyaker.




Citizens come with their requests and are
attended; meetings and workshops are
hold here.

                                            Giir Thiik Giir, the paramount chief, arriving
                                            to discuss with the Executive Director
The Participatory Review and Planning Workshop, opened by His Excellency, the
Commissioner of Gogrial East, could be held at the office premises in Luonyaker and
turned out to be a big success.




 For three days, more then 120 people participated daily.
Capacity Building of LGA staff




                                                         First steps into a new technology and …




To introduce the staff to the modern
communication technology, RRP 09
organized a 2 months comprehensive
computer training course for 40 LGA
staff; representatives of local NGO
were also invited.
  The IT-trainer explained
  basic computer operations to
  the trainees, and they practised
  for the first time in their live.
                                       proud trainees and a happy trainer after a successful training
The County Planning Unit could put
into practice new skills learned in
computer training when working on
the county development plan and the
2008/2009 budget.
County Development
Plan:
Helping to come up with a 3
years’ integrated county
development plan including a
budget was one of the major
efforts RRP took to support the
Local Government during the
third year.




                                  The consultant who came in to help the
                                  development of the draft plan, used the
                                  chance also to do capacity building for
                                  Local Government Administrators in
                                  The field of monitoring and evaluation.
The consultant discussed with
                                representatives of all county
                                departments and also gathered
                                all the information the planning
                                unit could get during their
                                payam consultations, before he
                                compiled a draft of the County
                                Strategic Plan.




This draft then was presented
and thoroughly discussed in a
3 days’ meeting for LGA
representatives held in the
county headquarters.
The meeting was held at the premises of the newly established Village Bank in
the county headquarter Lietnhom
The County Authorities support the office construction in Lietnhom, the county
headquarters, and help to motivate community contributions for the construction of health
centres and schools. They organised the community in laying and burning bricks and also
helped to provide timber, sand and gravel …


   Lesson No 2:
   LGA and community
   contribution
Construction
                                  in the Health Sector
                                  moved on successfully:
                                  The Primary Health Care Unit in
                                  Luonyaker has been inaugurated,
                                  as well as the Primary Health Care
                                  Centre in Matiel. 5 further PHCCs
                                  will be finished soon.




The former Primary Health
Centre in Yikador as an
example for how health
facilities looked like all over
the county: an old Tukul,
nearly falling apart ….

… and the newly constructed
Primary Health Centre in
Matiel awaiting the opening
ceremony – thanks to the work
done by many hands.
Community members were the ones
       to provide bricks for all health
       facilities constructed by RRP




It is mostly women involved in brick laying.
The women involved in brick laying
danced and rejoiced together with the
Traditional Birth Attendants trained
by the RRP Health Sector during the
opening ceremony of the Matiel Health
Centre.




   The young people of Matiel – the youths, and
   students down to Primary one came to join the
   Celebrations and were welcomed by
   their mothers.
The traditional chiefs - here
Chief Morris Ngor Ater and Sub-
Chief Ngor Mawien - thanked
RRP for the support received in
constructing the Matiel Health
Centre…



      …as well as the representative
      of the County Health
      Department Theresa Akul
      Arol and the women involved
      in brick laying.
RRP work is appreciated
by the traditional
authorities:


For the inauguration
ceremony of the Luonyaker
Health Care Unit and the
Health Centre in Matiel,
the chiefs of the area
provided the bulls
slaughtered by the spear
masters
The communities and the county of
Gogrial East contributed local materials
including bricks and timber for the
construction of public buildings like
the Health Centres and Primary Schools




  … and for all schools and
  offices under construction
                                           Yikador Health Centre
The County Authorities organised to get licences for cutting timbers in the
county forests for the roofing of the office and other buildings like health
centres and schools constructed under the RRP-programme




The Executive Chief selected the
trees and the youth of the nearby
villages helped the timber cutters
when necessary…
At the inauguration of the Matiel Health Centre, the Consortium Programme
Coordinator used the chance to thank LGA and the community of Gogrial East
for their contributions towards the construction of public buildings.

      “With one hand alone you cannot clap”




                                      LGA and Community Contribution

                            RRP construction – materials & labour budgeted:
                                                  1,89.000 SDG = 584,000 Euro


                            LGA and community contribution till the end of year three:

                            Timber                    100,500 SDG = 34,000 Euro
                            Bricks, sand, gravel      884,000 SDG = 272,000 Euro
                            Total                     994,500 SDG = 306,500 Euro

                                                   = Contribution of 1/3
Lesson No 3:
                                          Combined Mobile
                                          Clinic for
                                          Human and
                                          Animal Health
                                          advisable




To improve the health services
offered to the citizens of Gogrial
East, the RRP Health Sector started
the Mobile Clinic Services: Once a
week a team went out to visit those
parts of the county far away from
health centres and difficult to access.
The mobile clinic team offered primary health
care services in general and also attends to
pregnant women and children

   When arrival of the team is announced at
   the village centre or at the cattle camp




                                               … mothers come immediately to seek help for their sick
                                              children – as farmers come to ask support for their sick
                                              animals.
But after the civil war, violent conflicts among the local
                     communities are endangering the peaceful development of
                     the rural areas in South Sudan.

                                                     Therefore: Lesson No 4:
                                                     Peace and reconciliation
                                                     measures are needed as a pre-
                                                     condition for all activities
                                                     realised by NGOs.




VSF G supported efforts in Gogrial East that aimed
at ending the numerous clashes between the Dinka-
clans of the Apuk, Aguok and Kuac.
As a result, VSF Germany introduced a
            peace and conflict resolution component as
            a cross-cutting theme into the RRP-project

-   As asked by the Commissioner of Gogrial East, VSF G organised a small conference
    at county to level in preparation for the big peace conference at state level to be held
    in Tonj.
-   A VSF G team supported the delegation made up of county-representatives,
    traditional rulers, traditional healers, women‘s and youths‘ representatives at the
    first Peace Conference of Warrap Stae 2008; VSF G also helped to disseminate the
    conditions laid down in the peace agreement signed there all over the county.
-   VSF G supported women‘s representatives and women‘s organisation from the
    hostile clans in forming the umbrella „Akac akac“ (=„Enouhg is enough“), who
    wanted to bring an end to the violent clashes among the youth.
-   In December 2010, during the 2nd State peace meeting, VSF G supported the local
    government and CoTAL in organising a peace meeting between Apuc, Aguok and
    Kuac, where youth from the different cattle camps for the first time could meet each
    other and exchange their views.
-   VSF G opted for traditional conflict resolution and accepted the sentnece of the
    traditional court when directly involved: When one of the RRP-drivers was involved
    in an accident.
In preparation for the big
                                               peace conference:
                                                                      Chiefs, other traditional leaders,
                                                                      women and youth representatives
                                                                      discussed about their grievances,
                                                                      but also about those of the other
                                                                      side, and tried to find root causes
                                                                      for the conflict and proposals for
                                                                      a way forward.
                           Chiefs spoke about their worries and …




... women expressed their grievances.   As were the traditional spear masters, VSF G was also there
                                        to see to delegation off to attend the Peace Meeting in Tonj.
Signing of the Peace
                                                           Agreement between
                                                           the clans of Apuk,
                                                           Aguok and Kuac in
                                                           Tonj:




Chief Giir Thiik Giir was the first to sign…



                                  … and both the commissioners of Gogrial West and East sealed the
                                  peace agreement by jumping hands together over the bull, which had
                                  been sacrificed for the big event.
Presentation of the
                                               Kal Kuel peace
                                               covenant all over the
                                               county




Mama Ayen Parek, widow of William            …and the chiefs of Gogrial
Deng Nhial, gave her blessings as she did    West and East joint hands in
in Tonj in the presence of the president …   celebration.
The Governor led a delegation of the
                                Warrap State Traditional Authority
                                Leaders visiting different places in the
                                Greater Gogrial to disseminate the message
                                of the Kal Kuel peace covenant, and held
                                also a meeting in Luonyaker. VSF G helped
                                to organise the events in Gogrial East.




The women handed over white ribbons to all the
chiefs and authorities present– since white is the
colour of peace.
They also presented a rope to the governor - as a
symbol for the bull , which would be scacrificed
later to seal the peace treaty.
Young men and women from the
different cattle camps greeted the
the honorable guests with a white
flag, and offered, as a gesture of
peace, calabashes of sour milk to
them.
At the end of the ceremony everybody joined in
 a dance of joy:
Chiefs, elders, celebrities, handicapped,
female members of the parliament,
children…
VSF Germany accepted the verdict
                                      of the traditional council …




… and paid the traditional fine of cattle.
One bull was sacrificed for the ceremony
of reconciliation:
Representatives of both parties licked the
bile of the animal and spit: From then on
all bitterness should be forgotten.
Elisabeth Hartwig: Recovery and rehabilitation project in South Sudan

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Elisabeth Hartwig: Recovery and rehabilitation project in South Sudan

  • 3. …because in South Sudan, small holder agricultural production is the base for a sustainable development.
  • 4. VSF Germany supports pastoralists and agropastoralists in the East of Africa… … implementing projects in Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia, South-Sudan and North-Sudan. VSF G works in South Sudan since 1998; since 2005 South Sudan is organised in „Bundesstaaten“ = States, sub-dividd in Counties.
  • 5. But taking care of the animals is not enough to ensure food security and development of rural communities, for example in Gogrial East County Warrap State / South Sudan Recovery and Rehabilitation Project 09 Gogrial East (RRP), May 2006 – May 2010 an integral rural development project implemented by VSF Germany
  • 6. RRP Gogrial East A gate to self-determined development … 4 lessons learned after 4 years of project implementation
  • 7. RRP after the civil war– rehabilitation and first steps towards the integrated development of a rural county RRP = Recovery and Rehabilitation Project Global aim: Contribution to poverty reduction and improvement of food security of the rural population through: improvement of animal health and livestock production; increase, improvement and diversification of agricultural production; improvement of Basic and Reproductive Health Services with focus on women and children; improvement of access to safe water; improvement of access to education and training; based on close collaboration with the Local Government in supporting them to take up hteir responsibilities Partners collaborating in RRP therefore are: - Local Government Authorities and Administration of Gogrial East - Citizens of Gogrial East - VSF Germany as Lead Agent - International NGOs: CESVI, IoH, WVI, VSF Germany - South Sudanese NGOs: INFRAID and SEDA,
  • 8. Lesson No 1: Close collaboration with LGA and communities as a base With RRP, citizens of Gogrial East met to discuss issues concerning the improvement of their lives, like here in the Participatory Review and Planning Workshop in September 2008
  • 9. Women are involved and take their stand: not only at community meetings, but also when traders of the market towns came together to form their association. …
  • 10. …as well as the youth of both sexes … as here in a meeting for youth groups in the county capital Lietnhom
  • 11. RRP moved ahead in supporting the setting up of county structures: Equipping of operational base in Luonyaker and finalising the Local Government Authorities office in Lietnhom, the county headquarters. When in Luonyaker, the County Officers used to hold meetings in this tukul. Now they use the rooms of the new operational base whenever they come from Lietnhom to Luonyaker. Citizens come with their requests and are attended; meetings and workshops are hold here. Giir Thiik Giir, the paramount chief, arriving to discuss with the Executive Director
  • 12. The Participatory Review and Planning Workshop, opened by His Excellency, the Commissioner of Gogrial East, could be held at the office premises in Luonyaker and turned out to be a big success. For three days, more then 120 people participated daily.
  • 13. Capacity Building of LGA staff First steps into a new technology and … To introduce the staff to the modern communication technology, RRP 09 organized a 2 months comprehensive computer training course for 40 LGA staff; representatives of local NGO were also invited. The IT-trainer explained basic computer operations to the trainees, and they practised for the first time in their live. proud trainees and a happy trainer after a successful training
  • 14. The County Planning Unit could put into practice new skills learned in computer training when working on the county development plan and the 2008/2009 budget.
  • 15. County Development Plan: Helping to come up with a 3 years’ integrated county development plan including a budget was one of the major efforts RRP took to support the Local Government during the third year. The consultant who came in to help the development of the draft plan, used the chance also to do capacity building for Local Government Administrators in The field of monitoring and evaluation.
  • 16. The consultant discussed with representatives of all county departments and also gathered all the information the planning unit could get during their payam consultations, before he compiled a draft of the County Strategic Plan. This draft then was presented and thoroughly discussed in a 3 days’ meeting for LGA representatives held in the county headquarters.
  • 17. The meeting was held at the premises of the newly established Village Bank in the county headquarter Lietnhom
  • 18. The County Authorities support the office construction in Lietnhom, the county headquarters, and help to motivate community contributions for the construction of health centres and schools. They organised the community in laying and burning bricks and also helped to provide timber, sand and gravel … Lesson No 2: LGA and community contribution
  • 19. Construction in the Health Sector moved on successfully: The Primary Health Care Unit in Luonyaker has been inaugurated, as well as the Primary Health Care Centre in Matiel. 5 further PHCCs will be finished soon. The former Primary Health Centre in Yikador as an example for how health facilities looked like all over the county: an old Tukul, nearly falling apart …. … and the newly constructed Primary Health Centre in Matiel awaiting the opening ceremony – thanks to the work done by many hands.
  • 20. Community members were the ones to provide bricks for all health facilities constructed by RRP It is mostly women involved in brick laying.
  • 21. The women involved in brick laying danced and rejoiced together with the Traditional Birth Attendants trained by the RRP Health Sector during the opening ceremony of the Matiel Health Centre. The young people of Matiel – the youths, and students down to Primary one came to join the Celebrations and were welcomed by their mothers.
  • 22. The traditional chiefs - here Chief Morris Ngor Ater and Sub- Chief Ngor Mawien - thanked RRP for the support received in constructing the Matiel Health Centre… …as well as the representative of the County Health Department Theresa Akul Arol and the women involved in brick laying.
  • 23. RRP work is appreciated by the traditional authorities: For the inauguration ceremony of the Luonyaker Health Care Unit and the Health Centre in Matiel, the chiefs of the area provided the bulls slaughtered by the spear masters
  • 24. The communities and the county of Gogrial East contributed local materials including bricks and timber for the construction of public buildings like the Health Centres and Primary Schools … and for all schools and offices under construction Yikador Health Centre
  • 25. The County Authorities organised to get licences for cutting timbers in the county forests for the roofing of the office and other buildings like health centres and schools constructed under the RRP-programme The Executive Chief selected the trees and the youth of the nearby villages helped the timber cutters when necessary…
  • 26. At the inauguration of the Matiel Health Centre, the Consortium Programme Coordinator used the chance to thank LGA and the community of Gogrial East for their contributions towards the construction of public buildings. “With one hand alone you cannot clap” LGA and Community Contribution RRP construction – materials & labour budgeted: 1,89.000 SDG = 584,000 Euro LGA and community contribution till the end of year three: Timber 100,500 SDG = 34,000 Euro Bricks, sand, gravel 884,000 SDG = 272,000 Euro Total 994,500 SDG = 306,500 Euro = Contribution of 1/3
  • 27. Lesson No 3: Combined Mobile Clinic for Human and Animal Health advisable To improve the health services offered to the citizens of Gogrial East, the RRP Health Sector started the Mobile Clinic Services: Once a week a team went out to visit those parts of the county far away from health centres and difficult to access.
  • 28. The mobile clinic team offered primary health care services in general and also attends to pregnant women and children When arrival of the team is announced at the village centre or at the cattle camp … mothers come immediately to seek help for their sick children – as farmers come to ask support for their sick animals.
  • 29. But after the civil war, violent conflicts among the local communities are endangering the peaceful development of the rural areas in South Sudan. Therefore: Lesson No 4: Peace and reconciliation measures are needed as a pre- condition for all activities realised by NGOs. VSF G supported efforts in Gogrial East that aimed at ending the numerous clashes between the Dinka- clans of the Apuk, Aguok and Kuac.
  • 30. As a result, VSF Germany introduced a peace and conflict resolution component as a cross-cutting theme into the RRP-project - As asked by the Commissioner of Gogrial East, VSF G organised a small conference at county to level in preparation for the big peace conference at state level to be held in Tonj. - A VSF G team supported the delegation made up of county-representatives, traditional rulers, traditional healers, women‘s and youths‘ representatives at the first Peace Conference of Warrap Stae 2008; VSF G also helped to disseminate the conditions laid down in the peace agreement signed there all over the county. - VSF G supported women‘s representatives and women‘s organisation from the hostile clans in forming the umbrella „Akac akac“ (=„Enouhg is enough“), who wanted to bring an end to the violent clashes among the youth. - In December 2010, during the 2nd State peace meeting, VSF G supported the local government and CoTAL in organising a peace meeting between Apuc, Aguok and Kuac, where youth from the different cattle camps for the first time could meet each other and exchange their views. - VSF G opted for traditional conflict resolution and accepted the sentnece of the traditional court when directly involved: When one of the RRP-drivers was involved in an accident.
  • 31. In preparation for the big peace conference: Chiefs, other traditional leaders, women and youth representatives discussed about their grievances, but also about those of the other side, and tried to find root causes for the conflict and proposals for a way forward. Chiefs spoke about their worries and … ... women expressed their grievances. As were the traditional spear masters, VSF G was also there to see to delegation off to attend the Peace Meeting in Tonj.
  • 32. Signing of the Peace Agreement between the clans of Apuk, Aguok and Kuac in Tonj: Chief Giir Thiik Giir was the first to sign… … and both the commissioners of Gogrial West and East sealed the peace agreement by jumping hands together over the bull, which had been sacrificed for the big event.
  • 33. Presentation of the Kal Kuel peace covenant all over the county Mama Ayen Parek, widow of William …and the chiefs of Gogrial Deng Nhial, gave her blessings as she did West and East joint hands in in Tonj in the presence of the president … celebration.
  • 34. The Governor led a delegation of the Warrap State Traditional Authority Leaders visiting different places in the Greater Gogrial to disseminate the message of the Kal Kuel peace covenant, and held also a meeting in Luonyaker. VSF G helped to organise the events in Gogrial East. The women handed over white ribbons to all the chiefs and authorities present– since white is the colour of peace. They also presented a rope to the governor - as a symbol for the bull , which would be scacrificed later to seal the peace treaty.
  • 35. Young men and women from the different cattle camps greeted the the honorable guests with a white flag, and offered, as a gesture of peace, calabashes of sour milk to them.
  • 36. At the end of the ceremony everybody joined in a dance of joy: Chiefs, elders, celebrities, handicapped, female members of the parliament, children…
  • 37. VSF Germany accepted the verdict of the traditional council … … and paid the traditional fine of cattle. One bull was sacrificed for the ceremony of reconciliation: Representatives of both parties licked the bile of the animal and spit: From then on all bitterness should be forgotten.