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BY:
Devansh bachani(140010114003)
Dhaval patel(140010114011)
Pintu kalal(140010114018)
 Def.: Amount of the nutrient sufficient for the
maintenance of health in nearly all people.
 For all nutrients except energy,
RDA=minimum requirement + safety margin
 RDA doesn’t apply to sick people.
 National Family Health Survey and UNICEF Reports , 46% of
preschool children and 30% of adults in India suffer from moderate
and severe grades of protein-calorie malnutrition
 Over 50% women (particularly pregnant women) and children suffer
from iron deficiency anaemia (IDA),
 diseases such as obesity, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular
diseases and cancers
 Iodine Deficiency Disease (IDD) has been considerably reduced
after the introduction of universal iodised salt
 in 1944 by the Nutrition Advisory Committee of Indian Research
Fund Association (IRFA)
 now ICMR (Indian Council of Medical Research )
 ICMR Nutrition Advisory Committee revised RDA for Indians on
calories and proteins in 1960
 Such a revision and updating of the nutrient requirement on RDA of
Indians was done by Expert Groups of the ICMR in 1978 and 1988
REFERENCE MAN AND REFERENCE WOMAN
REF.MAN:
Age:20-39 yr
Wt.:60 kg
Healthy, fit for active work
He spends 8 hr daily on occupational work
(moderate activity)
While not at work he spends 8 hr in bed,
6 hr sitting & moving around,
2 hr walking & household work
REF.WOMAN:
Criteria same as for man except wt. 50 kg
 Energy is a prime requirement for body
function and growth.
 Energy requirement:
in voluntary and involuntary process in our
body.
 Expressed as kilo-calorie (kC)
 Energy values:
Carbohydrates - 4 kC / gm
Proteins - 4 kC / gm
Fats - 9 kC / gm
+
Energy for basal metabolism
1 kC /hr/kg body wt / per day
Energy for daily activities
(walking, sitting, standing etc.)
Energy for occupational work
(heavy / moderate / sedentary)
+
CONSUMPTION UNIT
Reference man - one consumption unit
Needed to conduct community diet surveys.
Age group
(yr)
Consumption
unit
1 – 3 0.4
3 - 5 0.5
5 - 7 0.6
7 - 9 0.7
9 -12 0.8
12 - 21 1.0
Category Male Female
Sedentary 1 0.8
Moderate 1.2 0.9
Heavy 1.6 1.2
Categorization of workers
Light worker Moderate worker Hard worker
Office worker Railway worker Coal miner
Driver Postman Steel worker
Shopkeeper Plumber Army recruit
Teacher Bus conductor Docker
Lawyer Tailor Labourer
Doctor Carpenter
 Age
 Sex
 Working Condition
 Body Composition
 Physical Activity
 Vulnerable / At Risk Groups
1.Pregnant & Lactating mothers
2.Infants & Children
3.Elderly
Group Particulars Body
Wt.
kg
Net
Energy
kC
Protein
gm
Fat
gm
Ca
mg
Fe
mg
Man Sedentary 60 2425 60 20 400 28
Moderate ” 2875 ” ” ” ”
Heavy
work
” 3800 ” ” ” ”
Woman Sedentary 50 1875 50 ” ” 30
Moderate ” 2225 ” ” ” ”
Heavy
work
” 2925 ” ” ” ”
Pregnancy ” +300 +15 30 1000 38
Lactation
(0-6 m)
” +550 +25 45 ” 30
Lactation
(6-12 m)
” +400 +18 ” ” ”
RDA (per day) for Indians (ICMR)
Particulars Retinol
mcg
Beta
Carotene
mcg
Thiamin
mg
Ribo-
flavin
mg
Niacin
mg
Vit. C
mcg
Folic
Acid
mcg
Vit.
B 12
mcg
Sed. 600 2400 1.2 1.4 16 40 100 1
Mod. ” ” 1.4 1.6 18 ” ” ”
Heavy ” ” 1.6 1.9 21 ” ” ”
Sed. ” ” 0.9 1.1 12 ” ” ”
Mod. ” ” 1.1 1.3 14 ” ” ”
Heavy ” ” 1.2 1.5 16 ” ” ”
Preg. ” ” +0.2 +0.2 +2 ” 400 ”
Lact.
0-6 m
950 3800 +0.3 +0.3 +4 80 150 1.5
Lact.
6-12 m
” ” +0.2 +0.2 +3 ” ” ”
RDA (per day) for Indians (ICMR)
Age Body
Wt.
kg
Net
Energy
kC
Protein
gm
Fat
gm
Ca
mg
Fe
mg
0-6 m 5.4 108/kg 2 g/kg - 500 -
6-12 m 8.6 98/kg 1.6g/kg - ” -
1-3 yr 12.2 1240 22 25 400 12
4-6 yr 19.0 1690 30 ” ” 18
7 9 yr 26.9 1950 41 ” ” 26
RDA (per day) for Indians (ICMR)
Age Body
Wt.
kg
Retinol
mcg
Beta
Carotene
mcg
Thiamin
mg
Vit. C
mcg
Folic
Acid
mcg
0-6 m 5.4 350 1200 55(mcg) 25 25
6-12 m 8.6 ” ” 50(mcg) ” ”
1-3 yr 12.2 400 1600 0.6 40 30
4-6 yr 19.0 ” ” 0.9 ” 40
7 9 yr 26.9 600 2400 1.0 ” 60
RDA (per day) for Indians (ICMR)
 Basis for all feeding program ( school lunch
program)
 To interpret food consumption record
 To understand nutritional needs
 Guidelines for public food program
 To develop and evaluate the new food product
 To develops the nutritional education program
SOURCE: www.ICMR.NIC.in

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RDA(INDIA 2016)

  • 2.  Def.: Amount of the nutrient sufficient for the maintenance of health in nearly all people.  For all nutrients except energy, RDA=minimum requirement + safety margin  RDA doesn’t apply to sick people.
  • 3.  National Family Health Survey and UNICEF Reports , 46% of preschool children and 30% of adults in India suffer from moderate and severe grades of protein-calorie malnutrition  Over 50% women (particularly pregnant women) and children suffer from iron deficiency anaemia (IDA),  diseases such as obesity, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases and cancers  Iodine Deficiency Disease (IDD) has been considerably reduced after the introduction of universal iodised salt
  • 4.  in 1944 by the Nutrition Advisory Committee of Indian Research Fund Association (IRFA)  now ICMR (Indian Council of Medical Research )  ICMR Nutrition Advisory Committee revised RDA for Indians on calories and proteins in 1960  Such a revision and updating of the nutrient requirement on RDA of Indians was done by Expert Groups of the ICMR in 1978 and 1988
  • 5. REFERENCE MAN AND REFERENCE WOMAN REF.MAN: Age:20-39 yr Wt.:60 kg Healthy, fit for active work He spends 8 hr daily on occupational work (moderate activity) While not at work he spends 8 hr in bed, 6 hr sitting & moving around, 2 hr walking & household work REF.WOMAN: Criteria same as for man except wt. 50 kg
  • 6.  Energy is a prime requirement for body function and growth.  Energy requirement: in voluntary and involuntary process in our body.
  • 7.  Expressed as kilo-calorie (kC)  Energy values: Carbohydrates - 4 kC / gm Proteins - 4 kC / gm Fats - 9 kC / gm
  • 8. + Energy for basal metabolism 1 kC /hr/kg body wt / per day Energy for daily activities (walking, sitting, standing etc.) Energy for occupational work (heavy / moderate / sedentary) +
  • 9. CONSUMPTION UNIT Reference man - one consumption unit Needed to conduct community diet surveys. Age group (yr) Consumption unit 1 – 3 0.4 3 - 5 0.5 5 - 7 0.6 7 - 9 0.7 9 -12 0.8 12 - 21 1.0 Category Male Female Sedentary 1 0.8 Moderate 1.2 0.9 Heavy 1.6 1.2
  • 10. Categorization of workers Light worker Moderate worker Hard worker Office worker Railway worker Coal miner Driver Postman Steel worker Shopkeeper Plumber Army recruit Teacher Bus conductor Docker Lawyer Tailor Labourer Doctor Carpenter
  • 11.  Age  Sex  Working Condition  Body Composition  Physical Activity  Vulnerable / At Risk Groups 1.Pregnant & Lactating mothers 2.Infants & Children 3.Elderly
  • 12. Group Particulars Body Wt. kg Net Energy kC Protein gm Fat gm Ca mg Fe mg Man Sedentary 60 2425 60 20 400 28 Moderate ” 2875 ” ” ” ” Heavy work ” 3800 ” ” ” ” Woman Sedentary 50 1875 50 ” ” 30 Moderate ” 2225 ” ” ” ” Heavy work ” 2925 ” ” ” ” Pregnancy ” +300 +15 30 1000 38 Lactation (0-6 m) ” +550 +25 45 ” 30 Lactation (6-12 m) ” +400 +18 ” ” ” RDA (per day) for Indians (ICMR)
  • 13. Particulars Retinol mcg Beta Carotene mcg Thiamin mg Ribo- flavin mg Niacin mg Vit. C mcg Folic Acid mcg Vit. B 12 mcg Sed. 600 2400 1.2 1.4 16 40 100 1 Mod. ” ” 1.4 1.6 18 ” ” ” Heavy ” ” 1.6 1.9 21 ” ” ” Sed. ” ” 0.9 1.1 12 ” ” ” Mod. ” ” 1.1 1.3 14 ” ” ” Heavy ” ” 1.2 1.5 16 ” ” ” Preg. ” ” +0.2 +0.2 +2 ” 400 ” Lact. 0-6 m 950 3800 +0.3 +0.3 +4 80 150 1.5 Lact. 6-12 m ” ” +0.2 +0.2 +3 ” ” ” RDA (per day) for Indians (ICMR)
  • 14. Age Body Wt. kg Net Energy kC Protein gm Fat gm Ca mg Fe mg 0-6 m 5.4 108/kg 2 g/kg - 500 - 6-12 m 8.6 98/kg 1.6g/kg - ” - 1-3 yr 12.2 1240 22 25 400 12 4-6 yr 19.0 1690 30 ” ” 18 7 9 yr 26.9 1950 41 ” ” 26 RDA (per day) for Indians (ICMR)
  • 15. Age Body Wt. kg Retinol mcg Beta Carotene mcg Thiamin mg Vit. C mcg Folic Acid mcg 0-6 m 5.4 350 1200 55(mcg) 25 25 6-12 m 8.6 ” ” 50(mcg) ” ” 1-3 yr 12.2 400 1600 0.6 40 30 4-6 yr 19.0 ” ” 0.9 ” 40 7 9 yr 26.9 600 2400 1.0 ” 60 RDA (per day) for Indians (ICMR)
  • 16.  Basis for all feeding program ( school lunch program)  To interpret food consumption record  To understand nutritional needs  Guidelines for public food program  To develop and evaluate the new food product  To develops the nutritional education program