SlideShare a Scribd company logo
“Rain detection system using arduino”
INTRODUCTION
 This project will trigger the alarm when it rains so we can make some actions for rain
water harvesting and also to save the rain water for using it later for agriculture in
fields. It is used in automobiles when the detector detects the rain it will automatically
activates the windshield wipers of the vehicles. It can also be used in household for
harvesting the rain water and increasing ground water storage instead of flowing it into
drainage. So, the main purpose of this project is to prevent the material from rain, can
be used in automobiles and in many other purposes. It is an easy and simple reliable
circuit which can be constructed at a low cost
 The main idea of the project is to detect the rain fall using the rain sensor and it alerts
the person to make some arrangements as in agriculture or in households to harvest the
rain water and use it for later purposes. When the rain falls on the sensor . As water is
the main thing in human life we must try to save it and use for future purposes. Water
is the most precious in our life for living so we must conserve water. Rain sensor can
be made at a low cost and used in wide variety of area like in automobiles as it rains
the wind shield wipers automatically switch on in the vehicle, uses in agriculture
irrigation as the sensor detects rain it automatically stops the automatic irrigation
system in the agriculture, used in household purposes to harvest the rain water and
increase the underground water levels for using in future instead of flowing it into
drainages
Rain Sensor Module Overview
 A rain sensor is a electronic device which is activated by the rainfall. It consists
of a sensing pad with series of nickel coated line and comes with LM393 IC
comparator and mainly works on the resistance principle. The sensing pad
with series of exposed copper traces, together acts as a variable resistor (just
like a potentiometer) whose resistance varies according to the amount of water
on its surface. A rain sensor is one kind of low-cost electronic sensor which is
used to detect the rainfall or water drops. It works as a switch.
 Normally the switch is open condition. This sensor is consists of mainly two
parts, one is Sensing Pad and another one is the Sensor Module. When rainfall
or water drops fall on the Sensing Pad surface, then the switch will be closed.
The Sensor Module reads data from the sensor pad and processes the data and
converts it into a digital/analog output. So, the sensor can provide both types
of output Digital output (DO) and Analog output(AO).
Specification
This sensor module uses good quality of double-sided material. Anti-conductivity
& oxidation with long time use The area of this sensor includes 5cm x 4cm and
can be built with a nickel plate on the side The sensitivity can be adjusted by a
potentiometer The required voltage is 5V The size of the small PCB is 3.2cm x
1.4cm For easy installation, it uses bolt holes It uses an LM393 comparator with
wide voltage The output of the comparator is a clean waveform and driving
capacity is above 15mA
Specifications:
This sensor module uses good quality of double-sided material. Anti-conductivity
& oxidation with long time use The area of this sensor includes 5cm x 4cm and
can be built with a nickel plate on the side The sensitivity can be adjusted by a
potentiometer The required voltage is 5V The size of the small PCB is 3.2cm x
1.4cm For easy installation, it uses bolt holes It uses an LM393 comparator with
wide voltage The output of the comparator is a clean waveform and driving
capacity is above 15mA
 Fig. Rain module The rain sensor module or board is shown
here. Basically, this board includes nickel coated lines and
it works on the resistance principle. This sensor module
permits to gauge moisture through analog output pins it
gives a digital output while moisture threshold surpasses.
This module is similar to the LM393 IC because it includes
the electronic module as well as a PCB. Here PCB is used to
collect the raindrops. The Sensor module is consists of
some key components. These are LM393 Comparators,
Variable Resistor (Trimpot), Power LED, output LED This
rain sensor module circuit has a variable
resistor(potentiometer), which is a 10k preset. It is used to
set the sensitivity of the rain sensor, rotate the preset knob
to adjust the sensitivity of the rain detection. If the preset
knob rotated clockwise, the rain sensor sensitivity will be
increased. If it rotated counter clockwise, the rain sensor
sensitivity will be decreased
Components Required
 Arduino UNO board (Use what you have)
 Rain sensor
 Resistor 10KΩ
 Connecting Wires

Interfacing Sensor with Arduino
 The rain sensor mainly works on the principle of rain Working of the rain sensor module
is simple to understand. During a sunny day, due to the dryness on the rain board
module, it offers high resistance to the supply voltage. This voltage appears on the output
pin of the rain board module as 5V. This 5V is read as 1023 if read by an analog pin of the
Arduino. During rain, the rainwater causes an increase in the wetness on the rain board,
which in turn results in the decrease in the resistance offered for the supply. As the
resistance decreases gradually, the output voltage starts to decrease. Make connections
according to the above circuit diagram. Connect VCC pin of sensor to 5V power supply of
Arduino, Connect GND pin of sensor to GND of Arduino and Connect Analog output pin
of sensor to A0 pin of Arduino. Upload the above code into Arduino IDE and test the
result on Serial Monitor by soaking the rain sensor into water. When the rain board is
fully wet, and the resistance offered by it is minimum, the output voltage will be as low as
possible (approx. 0).
 This 0V is read as 0 value if read by an analog pin of the Arduino. If the rain board
module is partially wet, the output of this rain board module will be with respect to the
resistance it offers. This system works in such a way that, when there is rain, the
rainwater acts as a trigger, which switches on the buzzer. In the Rain Drop Sensor
Arduino Code, we defined that pins 5, and A0 are buzzer and rainfall. By doing this, we
can change the pins in the defined part of the function, and the remaining part of the
code will be untouched. This will make the programmer in editing the pins easily
Conclusion
 The rain water detector-alarm system will be useful in both
domestic and industrial applications. It alerts the users of
the presence of rain when itis just about to rain as even the
minutest droplets of water triggers it ON thereby giving the
user ample time to retrieve possessions, shut windows, and
in some cases prepare to harvest rain water. The device
when properly placed to receive the first set of droplets of
rain water can save the user from damaging possessions
that were being sundried/prevent rain from entering
homes, offices and many industrial areas. The rain sensor
can be made so sensitive that it can detect even the
smallest drop of water and triggers the buzzer which is
proved to be quiet reliable and consistent
THANK YOU

More Related Content

What's hot

Case study on automatic washing machine based on Internet of Things(IOT)
Case study on automatic washing machine based on Internet of Things(IOT)Case study on automatic washing machine based on Internet of Things(IOT)
Case study on automatic washing machine based on Internet of Things(IOT)
divyawani2
 
soldier tracking and health monitoring system
soldier tracking and health monitoring systemsoldier tracking and health monitoring system
soldier tracking and health monitoring system
Joshpin Bala.B
 
advanced security system for women
advanced security system for womenadvanced security system for women
advanced security system for women
Thooyavan Venkatachalam
 
Rain detector alarm circuit
Rain detector alarm circuitRain detector alarm circuit
Rain detector alarm circuit
RizwanShah68
 
Automatic Room Light Controller Using Arduinom & PIR Sensor
Automatic Room Light Controller Using Arduinom & PIR SensorAutomatic Room Light Controller Using Arduinom & PIR Sensor
Automatic Room Light Controller Using Arduinom & PIR Sensor
Ankit Chaudhary
 
Water level indicator(mini project ppt)
Water  level  indicator(mini project ppt)Water  level  indicator(mini project ppt)
Water level indicator(mini project ppt)
Mahendra Mishra
 
M voting
M votingM voting
M voting
Vijju Lakkundi
 
PIR sensing with arduino
PIR sensing  with  arduinoPIR sensing  with  arduino
PIR sensing with arduino
chetan kadiwal
 
Embedded Systems - Training ppt
Embedded Systems - Training pptEmbedded Systems - Training ppt
Embedded Systems - Training ppt
Nishant Kayal
 
Ppt on automatic street light control using ir sensors
Ppt on automatic street light control using ir sensorsPpt on automatic street light control using ir sensors
Ppt on automatic street light control using ir sensors
Vikram Emmidi
 
Home automation with arduino
Home automation with arduinoHome automation with arduino
Home automation with arduino
Lakshminarayan Solanki
 
IoT Based Water Level Monitoring System with an Android Application
IoT Based Water Level Monitoring System with an Android ApplicationIoT Based Water Level Monitoring System with an Android Application
IoT Based Water Level Monitoring System with an Android Application
rahulmonikasharma
 
Rain Alarm Using 555 Timer IC with Report
Rain Alarm Using 555 Timer IC with ReportRain Alarm Using 555 Timer IC with Report
Rain Alarm Using 555 Timer IC with Report
Uzair Ahmad
 
Fire detection system using arduino
Fire detection system using arduino Fire detection system using arduino
Fire detection system using arduino
UT-028
 
Humidity & Temperature monitoring using arduino
Humidity & Temperature monitoring using arduinoHumidity & Temperature monitoring using arduino
Humidity & Temperature monitoring using arduino
MuhammadJaved191
 
Smart Irrigation System
Smart Irrigation SystemSmart Irrigation System
Smart Irrigation System
RaviShankarSinghal
 
Ppt on water level indicator
Ppt on water level indicatorPpt on water level indicator
Ppt on water level indicator
palwinder virk
 
automatic irrigation system ppt
automatic irrigation system pptautomatic irrigation system ppt
automatic irrigation system ppt
Abhishek Awasthi
 
Water level indicator
Water level indicatorWater level indicator
Water level indicator
Jyotsna Rani
 
Project report on arduino based parking lot system
Project report on arduino based parking lot systemProject report on arduino based parking lot system
Project report on arduino based parking lot system
United International University
 

What's hot (20)

Case study on automatic washing machine based on Internet of Things(IOT)
Case study on automatic washing machine based on Internet of Things(IOT)Case study on automatic washing machine based on Internet of Things(IOT)
Case study on automatic washing machine based on Internet of Things(IOT)
 
soldier tracking and health monitoring system
soldier tracking and health monitoring systemsoldier tracking and health monitoring system
soldier tracking and health monitoring system
 
advanced security system for women
advanced security system for womenadvanced security system for women
advanced security system for women
 
Rain detector alarm circuit
Rain detector alarm circuitRain detector alarm circuit
Rain detector alarm circuit
 
Automatic Room Light Controller Using Arduinom & PIR Sensor
Automatic Room Light Controller Using Arduinom & PIR SensorAutomatic Room Light Controller Using Arduinom & PIR Sensor
Automatic Room Light Controller Using Arduinom & PIR Sensor
 
Water level indicator(mini project ppt)
Water  level  indicator(mini project ppt)Water  level  indicator(mini project ppt)
Water level indicator(mini project ppt)
 
M voting
M votingM voting
M voting
 
PIR sensing with arduino
PIR sensing  with  arduinoPIR sensing  with  arduino
PIR sensing with arduino
 
Embedded Systems - Training ppt
Embedded Systems - Training pptEmbedded Systems - Training ppt
Embedded Systems - Training ppt
 
Ppt on automatic street light control using ir sensors
Ppt on automatic street light control using ir sensorsPpt on automatic street light control using ir sensors
Ppt on automatic street light control using ir sensors
 
Home automation with arduino
Home automation with arduinoHome automation with arduino
Home automation with arduino
 
IoT Based Water Level Monitoring System with an Android Application
IoT Based Water Level Monitoring System with an Android ApplicationIoT Based Water Level Monitoring System with an Android Application
IoT Based Water Level Monitoring System with an Android Application
 
Rain Alarm Using 555 Timer IC with Report
Rain Alarm Using 555 Timer IC with ReportRain Alarm Using 555 Timer IC with Report
Rain Alarm Using 555 Timer IC with Report
 
Fire detection system using arduino
Fire detection system using arduino Fire detection system using arduino
Fire detection system using arduino
 
Humidity & Temperature monitoring using arduino
Humidity & Temperature monitoring using arduinoHumidity & Temperature monitoring using arduino
Humidity & Temperature monitoring using arduino
 
Smart Irrigation System
Smart Irrigation SystemSmart Irrigation System
Smart Irrigation System
 
Ppt on water level indicator
Ppt on water level indicatorPpt on water level indicator
Ppt on water level indicator
 
automatic irrigation system ppt
automatic irrigation system pptautomatic irrigation system ppt
automatic irrigation system ppt
 
Water level indicator
Water level indicatorWater level indicator
Water level indicator
 
Project report on arduino based parking lot system
Project report on arduino based parking lot systemProject report on arduino based parking lot system
Project report on arduino based parking lot system
 

Similar to rain.pptx

report on rain alarm project
report on rain alarm projectreport on rain alarm project
report on rain alarm project
Ravi Phadtare
 
Plant watering system
Plant watering systemPlant watering system
Plant watering system
SridharaSubrahmanyaS
 
Automated irrigation system based on soil moisture using arduino
Automated irrigation system based on soil moisture using arduinoAutomated irrigation system based on soil moisture using arduino
Automated irrigation system based on soil moisture using arduino
Vishal Nagar
 
automatic Rain sensing windshield wiper ppt
automatic Rain sensingwindshieldwiper pptautomatic Rain sensingwindshieldwiper ppt
automatic Rain sensing windshield wiper ppt
antivirusspam
 
IRJET- Virtual Eye for the Visually Challenged
IRJET-  	  Virtual Eye for the Visually ChallengedIRJET-  	  Virtual Eye for the Visually Challenged
IRJET- Virtual Eye for the Visually Challenged
IRJET Journal
 
plant_wateringfinal.pdf
plant_wateringfinal.pdfplant_wateringfinal.pdf
plant_wateringfinal.pdf
RajanGupta481564
 
IRJET- Automatic Irrigation System using Arduino UNO
IRJET- Automatic Irrigation System using Arduino UNOIRJET- Automatic Irrigation System using Arduino UNO
IRJET- Automatic Irrigation System using Arduino UNO
IRJET Journal
 
Irjet v7 i3120
Irjet v7 i3120Irjet v7 i3120
Irjet v7 i3120
aissmsblogs
 
irrigationsystem using wind energy and water lifting
irrigationsystem using wind energy and water liftingirrigationsystem using wind energy and water lifting
irrigationsystem using wind energy and water lifting
Hamed Raza
 
AUTOMATIC RAIN SENSING WIPERS USING ARDUINO
AUTOMATIC RAIN SENSING WIPERS USING ARDUINOAUTOMATIC RAIN SENSING WIPERS USING ARDUINO
AUTOMATIC RAIN SENSING WIPERS USING ARDUINO
IRJET Journal
 
Garduino automated gardening system
Garduino    automated gardening systemGarduino    automated gardening system
Garduino automated gardening system
CHIRAMEL MATHEW SIMON
 
Intelligent Farmer Friendly System
Intelligent Farmer Friendly SystemIntelligent Farmer Friendly System
Intelligent Farmer Friendly System
IJMTST Journal
 
ppt-1.pptx
ppt-1.pptxppt-1.pptx
ppt-1.pptx
SAKTHIVELV40
 
water level edit.docx
water level edit.docxwater level edit.docx
water level edit.docx
MdAhasanHabibLabu
 
Solar panel project
Solar panel project Solar panel project
Solar panel project
SAKTHIVELV40
 
DAM SHUTTER 2.pptx
DAM SHUTTER 2.pptxDAM SHUTTER 2.pptx
DAM SHUTTER 2.pptx
2000520320051
 
Sensors.pptx
Sensors.pptxSensors.pptx
Sensors.pptx
AsvParthasarathi
 
Automatic railway gate control using arduino uno
Automatic railway gate control using arduino unoAutomatic railway gate control using arduino uno
Automatic railway gate control using arduino uno
selvalakshmi24
 
IRJET- Soil Irrigation System using Moisture Content
IRJET-  	  Soil Irrigation System using Moisture ContentIRJET-  	  Soil Irrigation System using Moisture Content
IRJET- Soil Irrigation System using Moisture Content
IRJET Journal
 
IRJET- Water Pump Controller using Arduino UNO
IRJET- Water Pump Controller using Arduino UNOIRJET- Water Pump Controller using Arduino UNO
IRJET- Water Pump Controller using Arduino UNO
IRJET Journal
 

Similar to rain.pptx (20)

report on rain alarm project
report on rain alarm projectreport on rain alarm project
report on rain alarm project
 
Plant watering system
Plant watering systemPlant watering system
Plant watering system
 
Automated irrigation system based on soil moisture using arduino
Automated irrigation system based on soil moisture using arduinoAutomated irrigation system based on soil moisture using arduino
Automated irrigation system based on soil moisture using arduino
 
automatic Rain sensing windshield wiper ppt
automatic Rain sensingwindshieldwiper pptautomatic Rain sensingwindshieldwiper ppt
automatic Rain sensing windshield wiper ppt
 
IRJET- Virtual Eye for the Visually Challenged
IRJET-  	  Virtual Eye for the Visually ChallengedIRJET-  	  Virtual Eye for the Visually Challenged
IRJET- Virtual Eye for the Visually Challenged
 
plant_wateringfinal.pdf
plant_wateringfinal.pdfplant_wateringfinal.pdf
plant_wateringfinal.pdf
 
IRJET- Automatic Irrigation System using Arduino UNO
IRJET- Automatic Irrigation System using Arduino UNOIRJET- Automatic Irrigation System using Arduino UNO
IRJET- Automatic Irrigation System using Arduino UNO
 
Irjet v7 i3120
Irjet v7 i3120Irjet v7 i3120
Irjet v7 i3120
 
irrigationsystem using wind energy and water lifting
irrigationsystem using wind energy and water liftingirrigationsystem using wind energy and water lifting
irrigationsystem using wind energy and water lifting
 
AUTOMATIC RAIN SENSING WIPERS USING ARDUINO
AUTOMATIC RAIN SENSING WIPERS USING ARDUINOAUTOMATIC RAIN SENSING WIPERS USING ARDUINO
AUTOMATIC RAIN SENSING WIPERS USING ARDUINO
 
Garduino automated gardening system
Garduino    automated gardening systemGarduino    automated gardening system
Garduino automated gardening system
 
Intelligent Farmer Friendly System
Intelligent Farmer Friendly SystemIntelligent Farmer Friendly System
Intelligent Farmer Friendly System
 
ppt-1.pptx
ppt-1.pptxppt-1.pptx
ppt-1.pptx
 
water level edit.docx
water level edit.docxwater level edit.docx
water level edit.docx
 
Solar panel project
Solar panel project Solar panel project
Solar panel project
 
DAM SHUTTER 2.pptx
DAM SHUTTER 2.pptxDAM SHUTTER 2.pptx
DAM SHUTTER 2.pptx
 
Sensors.pptx
Sensors.pptxSensors.pptx
Sensors.pptx
 
Automatic railway gate control using arduino uno
Automatic railway gate control using arduino unoAutomatic railway gate control using arduino uno
Automatic railway gate control using arduino uno
 
IRJET- Soil Irrigation System using Moisture Content
IRJET-  	  Soil Irrigation System using Moisture ContentIRJET-  	  Soil Irrigation System using Moisture Content
IRJET- Soil Irrigation System using Moisture Content
 
IRJET- Water Pump Controller using Arduino UNO
IRJET- Water Pump Controller using Arduino UNOIRJET- Water Pump Controller using Arduino UNO
IRJET- Water Pump Controller using Arduino UNO
 

More from Akbarali206563

transmissiline auto cleaing fault in transmission line
transmissiline auto cleaing fault in transmission linetransmissiline auto cleaing fault in transmission line
transmissiline auto cleaing fault in transmission line
Akbarali206563
 
energymanagementsystem-200219135654 (1).pptx
energymanagementsystem-200219135654 (1).pptxenergymanagementsystem-200219135654 (1).pptx
energymanagementsystem-200219135654 (1).pptx
Akbarali206563
 
harsh final ppt (2).pptx
harsh final ppt (2).pptxharsh final ppt (2).pptx
harsh final ppt (2).pptx
Akbarali206563
 
leaf diseses.pptx
leaf diseses.pptxleaf diseses.pptx
leaf diseses.pptx
Akbarali206563
 
alcho.pptx
alcho.pptxalcho.pptx
alcho.pptx
Akbarali206563
 
Presentation Internalc.pptx
Presentation Internalc.pptxPresentation Internalc.pptx
Presentation Internalc.pptx
Akbarali206563
 
Team 12- Blind Eye.pptx
Team 12- Blind Eye.pptxTeam 12- Blind Eye.pptx
Team 12- Blind Eye.pptx
Akbarali206563
 
osteo.pptx
osteo.pptxosteo.pptx
osteo.pptx
Akbarali206563
 
Ofdm.pptx
Ofdm.pptxOfdm.pptx
Ofdm.pptx
Akbarali206563
 
PPT FINAL (1)-1 (1).ppt
PPT FINAL (1)-1 (1).pptPPT FINAL (1)-1 (1).ppt
PPT FINAL (1)-1 (1).ppt
Akbarali206563
 
Seat Belt IoT 00.pptx
Seat Belt IoT 00.pptxSeat Belt IoT 00.pptx
Seat Belt IoT 00.pptx
Akbarali206563
 
imagefiltervhdl.pptx
imagefiltervhdl.pptximagefiltervhdl.pptx
imagefiltervhdl.pptx
Akbarali206563
 
V13I1006.pdf
V13I1006.pdfV13I1006.pdf
V13I1006.pdf
Akbarali206563
 
anas.pdf
anas.pdfanas.pdf
anas.pdf
Akbarali206563
 
Presentation1.pptx
Presentation1.pptxPresentation1.pptx
Presentation1.pptx
Akbarali206563
 
13104 2019 4880_moesm6_esm
13104 2019 4880_moesm6_esm13104 2019 4880_moesm6_esm
13104 2019 4880_moesm6_esm
Akbarali206563
 

More from Akbarali206563 (16)

transmissiline auto cleaing fault in transmission line
transmissiline auto cleaing fault in transmission linetransmissiline auto cleaing fault in transmission line
transmissiline auto cleaing fault in transmission line
 
energymanagementsystem-200219135654 (1).pptx
energymanagementsystem-200219135654 (1).pptxenergymanagementsystem-200219135654 (1).pptx
energymanagementsystem-200219135654 (1).pptx
 
harsh final ppt (2).pptx
harsh final ppt (2).pptxharsh final ppt (2).pptx
harsh final ppt (2).pptx
 
leaf diseses.pptx
leaf diseses.pptxleaf diseses.pptx
leaf diseses.pptx
 
alcho.pptx
alcho.pptxalcho.pptx
alcho.pptx
 
Presentation Internalc.pptx
Presentation Internalc.pptxPresentation Internalc.pptx
Presentation Internalc.pptx
 
Team 12- Blind Eye.pptx
Team 12- Blind Eye.pptxTeam 12- Blind Eye.pptx
Team 12- Blind Eye.pptx
 
osteo.pptx
osteo.pptxosteo.pptx
osteo.pptx
 
Ofdm.pptx
Ofdm.pptxOfdm.pptx
Ofdm.pptx
 
PPT FINAL (1)-1 (1).ppt
PPT FINAL (1)-1 (1).pptPPT FINAL (1)-1 (1).ppt
PPT FINAL (1)-1 (1).ppt
 
Seat Belt IoT 00.pptx
Seat Belt IoT 00.pptxSeat Belt IoT 00.pptx
Seat Belt IoT 00.pptx
 
imagefiltervhdl.pptx
imagefiltervhdl.pptximagefiltervhdl.pptx
imagefiltervhdl.pptx
 
V13I1006.pdf
V13I1006.pdfV13I1006.pdf
V13I1006.pdf
 
anas.pdf
anas.pdfanas.pdf
anas.pdf
 
Presentation1.pptx
Presentation1.pptxPresentation1.pptx
Presentation1.pptx
 
13104 2019 4880_moesm6_esm
13104 2019 4880_moesm6_esm13104 2019 4880_moesm6_esm
13104 2019 4880_moesm6_esm
 

Recently uploaded

Aficamten in HCM (SEQUOIA HCM TRIAL 2024)
Aficamten in HCM (SEQUOIA HCM TRIAL 2024)Aficamten in HCM (SEQUOIA HCM TRIAL 2024)
Aficamten in HCM (SEQUOIA HCM TRIAL 2024)
Ashish Kohli
 
CACJapan - GROUP Presentation 1- Wk 4.pdf
CACJapan - GROUP Presentation 1- Wk 4.pdfCACJapan - GROUP Presentation 1- Wk 4.pdf
CACJapan - GROUP Presentation 1- Wk 4.pdf
camakaiclarkmusic
 
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental DesignDigital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
amberjdewit93
 
S1-Introduction-Biopesticides in ICM.pptx
S1-Introduction-Biopesticides in ICM.pptxS1-Introduction-Biopesticides in ICM.pptx
S1-Introduction-Biopesticides in ICM.pptx
tarandeep35
 
Natural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama University
Natural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama UniversityNatural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama University
Natural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama University
Akanksha trivedi rama nursing college kanpur.
 
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
ak6969907
 
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
National Information Standards Organization (NISO)
 
Thesis Statement for students diagnonsed withADHD.ppt
Thesis Statement for students diagnonsed withADHD.pptThesis Statement for students diagnonsed withADHD.ppt
Thesis Statement for students diagnonsed withADHD.ppt
EverAndrsGuerraGuerr
 
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
Dr. Shivangi Singh Parihar
 
Introduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp Network
Introduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp NetworkIntroduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp Network
Introduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp Network
TechSoup
 
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movieFilm vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Nicholas Montgomery
 
Group Presentation 2 Economics.Ariana Buscigliopptx
Group Presentation 2 Economics.Ariana BuscigliopptxGroup Presentation 2 Economics.Ariana Buscigliopptx
Group Presentation 2 Economics.Ariana Buscigliopptx
ArianaBusciglio
 
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdfবাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
eBook.com.bd (প্রয়োজনীয় বাংলা বই)
 
The basics of sentences session 5pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 5pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 5pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 5pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP ModuleHow to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
Celine George
 
A Survey of Techniques for Maximizing LLM Performance.pptx
A Survey of Techniques for Maximizing LLM Performance.pptxA Survey of Techniques for Maximizing LLM Performance.pptx
A Survey of Techniques for Maximizing LLM Performance.pptx
thanhdowork
 
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collectionThe Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
Israel Genealogy Research Association
 
DRUGS AND ITS classification slide share
DRUGS AND ITS classification slide shareDRUGS AND ITS classification slide share
DRUGS AND ITS classification slide share
taiba qazi
 
June 3, 2024 Anti-Semitism Letter Sent to MIT President Kornbluth and MIT Cor...
June 3, 2024 Anti-Semitism Letter Sent to MIT President Kornbluth and MIT Cor...June 3, 2024 Anti-Semitism Letter Sent to MIT President Kornbluth and MIT Cor...
June 3, 2024 Anti-Semitism Letter Sent to MIT President Kornbluth and MIT Cor...
Levi Shapiro
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Aficamten in HCM (SEQUOIA HCM TRIAL 2024)
Aficamten in HCM (SEQUOIA HCM TRIAL 2024)Aficamten in HCM (SEQUOIA HCM TRIAL 2024)
Aficamten in HCM (SEQUOIA HCM TRIAL 2024)
 
CACJapan - GROUP Presentation 1- Wk 4.pdf
CACJapan - GROUP Presentation 1- Wk 4.pdfCACJapan - GROUP Presentation 1- Wk 4.pdf
CACJapan - GROUP Presentation 1- Wk 4.pdf
 
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental DesignDigital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
 
S1-Introduction-Biopesticides in ICM.pptx
S1-Introduction-Biopesticides in ICM.pptxS1-Introduction-Biopesticides in ICM.pptx
S1-Introduction-Biopesticides in ICM.pptx
 
Natural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama University
Natural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama UniversityNatural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama University
Natural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama University
 
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
 
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
 
Thesis Statement for students diagnonsed withADHD.ppt
Thesis Statement for students diagnonsed withADHD.pptThesis Statement for students diagnonsed withADHD.ppt
Thesis Statement for students diagnonsed withADHD.ppt
 
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
 
Introduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp Network
Introduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp NetworkIntroduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp Network
Introduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp Network
 
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
 
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movieFilm vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
 
Group Presentation 2 Economics.Ariana Buscigliopptx
Group Presentation 2 Economics.Ariana BuscigliopptxGroup Presentation 2 Economics.Ariana Buscigliopptx
Group Presentation 2 Economics.Ariana Buscigliopptx
 
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdfবাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
 
The basics of sentences session 5pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 5pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 5pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 5pptx.pptx
 
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP ModuleHow to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
 
A Survey of Techniques for Maximizing LLM Performance.pptx
A Survey of Techniques for Maximizing LLM Performance.pptxA Survey of Techniques for Maximizing LLM Performance.pptx
A Survey of Techniques for Maximizing LLM Performance.pptx
 
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collectionThe Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
 
DRUGS AND ITS classification slide share
DRUGS AND ITS classification slide shareDRUGS AND ITS classification slide share
DRUGS AND ITS classification slide share
 
June 3, 2024 Anti-Semitism Letter Sent to MIT President Kornbluth and MIT Cor...
June 3, 2024 Anti-Semitism Letter Sent to MIT President Kornbluth and MIT Cor...June 3, 2024 Anti-Semitism Letter Sent to MIT President Kornbluth and MIT Cor...
June 3, 2024 Anti-Semitism Letter Sent to MIT President Kornbluth and MIT Cor...
 

rain.pptx

  • 1. “Rain detection system using arduino”
  • 2. INTRODUCTION  This project will trigger the alarm when it rains so we can make some actions for rain water harvesting and also to save the rain water for using it later for agriculture in fields. It is used in automobiles when the detector detects the rain it will automatically activates the windshield wipers of the vehicles. It can also be used in household for harvesting the rain water and increasing ground water storage instead of flowing it into drainage. So, the main purpose of this project is to prevent the material from rain, can be used in automobiles and in many other purposes. It is an easy and simple reliable circuit which can be constructed at a low cost  The main idea of the project is to detect the rain fall using the rain sensor and it alerts the person to make some arrangements as in agriculture or in households to harvest the rain water and use it for later purposes. When the rain falls on the sensor . As water is the main thing in human life we must try to save it and use for future purposes. Water is the most precious in our life for living so we must conserve water. Rain sensor can be made at a low cost and used in wide variety of area like in automobiles as it rains the wind shield wipers automatically switch on in the vehicle, uses in agriculture irrigation as the sensor detects rain it automatically stops the automatic irrigation system in the agriculture, used in household purposes to harvest the rain water and increase the underground water levels for using in future instead of flowing it into drainages
  • 3.
  • 4. Rain Sensor Module Overview  A rain sensor is a electronic device which is activated by the rainfall. It consists of a sensing pad with series of nickel coated line and comes with LM393 IC comparator and mainly works on the resistance principle. The sensing pad with series of exposed copper traces, together acts as a variable resistor (just like a potentiometer) whose resistance varies according to the amount of water on its surface. A rain sensor is one kind of low-cost electronic sensor which is used to detect the rainfall or water drops. It works as a switch.  Normally the switch is open condition. This sensor is consists of mainly two parts, one is Sensing Pad and another one is the Sensor Module. When rainfall or water drops fall on the Sensing Pad surface, then the switch will be closed. The Sensor Module reads data from the sensor pad and processes the data and converts it into a digital/analog output. So, the sensor can provide both types of output Digital output (DO) and Analog output(AO).
  • 5. Specification This sensor module uses good quality of double-sided material. Anti-conductivity & oxidation with long time use The area of this sensor includes 5cm x 4cm and can be built with a nickel plate on the side The sensitivity can be adjusted by a potentiometer The required voltage is 5V The size of the small PCB is 3.2cm x 1.4cm For easy installation, it uses bolt holes It uses an LM393 comparator with wide voltage The output of the comparator is a clean waveform and driving capacity is above 15mA Specifications: This sensor module uses good quality of double-sided material. Anti-conductivity & oxidation with long time use The area of this sensor includes 5cm x 4cm and can be built with a nickel plate on the side The sensitivity can be adjusted by a potentiometer The required voltage is 5V The size of the small PCB is 3.2cm x 1.4cm For easy installation, it uses bolt holes It uses an LM393 comparator with wide voltage The output of the comparator is a clean waveform and driving capacity is above 15mA
  • 6.
  • 7.  Fig. Rain module The rain sensor module or board is shown here. Basically, this board includes nickel coated lines and it works on the resistance principle. This sensor module permits to gauge moisture through analog output pins it gives a digital output while moisture threshold surpasses. This module is similar to the LM393 IC because it includes the electronic module as well as a PCB. Here PCB is used to collect the raindrops. The Sensor module is consists of some key components. These are LM393 Comparators, Variable Resistor (Trimpot), Power LED, output LED This rain sensor module circuit has a variable resistor(potentiometer), which is a 10k preset. It is used to set the sensitivity of the rain sensor, rotate the preset knob to adjust the sensitivity of the rain detection. If the preset knob rotated clockwise, the rain sensor sensitivity will be increased. If it rotated counter clockwise, the rain sensor sensitivity will be decreased
  • 8. Components Required  Arduino UNO board (Use what you have)  Rain sensor  Resistor 10KΩ  Connecting Wires 
  • 9. Interfacing Sensor with Arduino  The rain sensor mainly works on the principle of rain Working of the rain sensor module is simple to understand. During a sunny day, due to the dryness on the rain board module, it offers high resistance to the supply voltage. This voltage appears on the output pin of the rain board module as 5V. This 5V is read as 1023 if read by an analog pin of the Arduino. During rain, the rainwater causes an increase in the wetness on the rain board, which in turn results in the decrease in the resistance offered for the supply. As the resistance decreases gradually, the output voltage starts to decrease. Make connections according to the above circuit diagram. Connect VCC pin of sensor to 5V power supply of Arduino, Connect GND pin of sensor to GND of Arduino and Connect Analog output pin of sensor to A0 pin of Arduino. Upload the above code into Arduino IDE and test the result on Serial Monitor by soaking the rain sensor into water. When the rain board is fully wet, and the resistance offered by it is minimum, the output voltage will be as low as possible (approx. 0).  This 0V is read as 0 value if read by an analog pin of the Arduino. If the rain board module is partially wet, the output of this rain board module will be with respect to the resistance it offers. This system works in such a way that, when there is rain, the rainwater acts as a trigger, which switches on the buzzer. In the Rain Drop Sensor Arduino Code, we defined that pins 5, and A0 are buzzer and rainfall. By doing this, we can change the pins in the defined part of the function, and the remaining part of the code will be untouched. This will make the programmer in editing the pins easily
  • 10.
  • 11. Conclusion  The rain water detector-alarm system will be useful in both domestic and industrial applications. It alerts the users of the presence of rain when itis just about to rain as even the minutest droplets of water triggers it ON thereby giving the user ample time to retrieve possessions, shut windows, and in some cases prepare to harvest rain water. The device when properly placed to receive the first set of droplets of rain water can save the user from damaging possessions that were being sundried/prevent rain from entering homes, offices and many industrial areas. The rain sensor can be made so sensitive that it can detect even the smallest drop of water and triggers the buzzer which is proved to be quiet reliable and consistent