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Psychological &
Social aspects of
Adolescents’ Life
Miss. Hemangi Narvekar
Clinical Psychologist & Research Scholar
CHRIST Deemed to be University, Bangalore – 560029
Email: narvekar.hem19@gmail.com Website: www.hemanginarvekar.in
Adolescence
Age
• 10 to 19 years (UN Convention on the Rights of the Child)
• 10 to 24 years (The Lancet, Child & Adolescent Health, 2018)
Stages of Adolescents
• Early Adolescence (Ages 10-14)
• Middle Adolescence (Ages 15-17)
• Late Adolescence/Young Adulthood (Ages 18-24)
Child. Youth. Adolescence.
These words convey very different meanings:
• Child suggests dependency
• Youth signals independence
• Adolescence captures the notion of the growing individual who is
able to take increasing responsibility, but who still needs more
protection than an adult
Adolescence
• Growing into Maturity
• Transition from childhood to adulthood
• Begins with the onset of physiologically normal puberty, and ends
when an adult identity and behaviour are accepted
• Period of Stress and turmoil (Stanley Hall)
• Stage of Formal Operation (Piaget)
• Stage of Identity vs Confusion (Erickson)
Physical Development
• Physical Growth
• Appearance of Secondary
Sex characteristics
Psychological Development
• Identity
• Self-Concept
• Self-esteem
• Body-Image
• Gender Role
• Hormones & Behaviour
• Sexual-orientation
• Masturbation
Cognitive Development
• Advanced Reasoning
• Abstract Thinking
• idealistic and logical thinking
• Enhanced Learning
• Problem-solving
• Reflect
• Plan for the future
Yes…
It’s normal for adolescents to
1. Argue for the sake of arguing
2. Jump to conclusions
3. Be self-centered
4. Constantly find faults in adults
5. Be overly dramatic
Emotional Development
Intense moods & feelings
Emotional competence – Sensitive to others
Self-consciousness
Decision –making
Social Development
• Ego-centrism
• Perspective-taking
• Independence
• Values – Moral Development
• Responsibility
Social Development
• Relationship with Parents
• Relationship with Peers
• Adolescents-Adult Relationships
• Romantic Relationships
• Work & Leisure
• Adolescents & Media
Common Problems of Adolescents
• Aggressiveness
• Withdrawal
• Rebellious Attitude
• Excessive Day-dreaming
• Emotional Tension
• Personal Appearance
• Developmental Problems
• Economic Independence
• School failure & dropping out
• Pregnancy & STD
Psychological Problems
• Misconceptions regarding menstruation, sex, pregnancy, etc
• Aggression & Delinquency
• Learning Disabilities
• Depression
• Suicide
• Anxiety
• Substance Abuse –Alcohol, Tobacco, Drug
• Eating Disorders
Educational Problems
• Rigid Curriculum
• School Environment
• Examinations
• Grades
• Careers
• Lack of guidance system
How to protect Adolescent’s Health?
• Stable, Positive Relationship With at Least One Caring Adult
• Religious and Spiritual Anchors
• High, Realistic Academic Expectations and Adequate Support
• Positive Family Environment
• Emotional Intelligence and Ability To Cope With Stress
• Ask for help from Counsellors or Psychologists
References
• Lerner, R. M., & Steinberg, L. (Eds.) (2004). Handbook of Adolescent Psychology. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
• Sawyer, S. M., Azzopardi, P. S., Wickremarathne, D., & Patton, G. C. (2018). The age of adolescence. The Lancet Child & Adolescent
Health, 2(3), 223–228. doi:10.1016/s2352-4642(18)30022-1
• Adolescent Development. Retrieved from
http://www.amchp.org/programsandtopics/AdolescentHealth/projects/Pages/AdolescentDevelopment.aspx
• Social and emotional changes: 9-15 years. Retrieved from https://raisingchildren.net.au/pre-teens/development/social-emotional-
development/social-emotional-changes-9-15-years
• Developing Adolescents. Retrieved from https://www.apa.org/pi/families/resources/develop.pdf
• Adolescent Development Explained. Retrieved from https://opa.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/2020-08/opa-adolescent-
development-explained-download.pdf
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Psychological and Social Aspects of Adolescents' Life

  • 1. Psychological & Social aspects of Adolescents’ Life Miss. Hemangi Narvekar Clinical Psychologist & Research Scholar CHRIST Deemed to be University, Bangalore – 560029 Email: narvekar.hem19@gmail.com Website: www.hemanginarvekar.in
  • 2. Adolescence Age • 10 to 19 years (UN Convention on the Rights of the Child) • 10 to 24 years (The Lancet, Child & Adolescent Health, 2018) Stages of Adolescents • Early Adolescence (Ages 10-14) • Middle Adolescence (Ages 15-17) • Late Adolescence/Young Adulthood (Ages 18-24)
  • 3. Child. Youth. Adolescence. These words convey very different meanings: • Child suggests dependency • Youth signals independence • Adolescence captures the notion of the growing individual who is able to take increasing responsibility, but who still needs more protection than an adult
  • 4. Adolescence • Growing into Maturity • Transition from childhood to adulthood • Begins with the onset of physiologically normal puberty, and ends when an adult identity and behaviour are accepted • Period of Stress and turmoil (Stanley Hall) • Stage of Formal Operation (Piaget) • Stage of Identity vs Confusion (Erickson)
  • 5. Physical Development • Physical Growth • Appearance of Secondary Sex characteristics
  • 6. Psychological Development • Identity • Self-Concept • Self-esteem • Body-Image • Gender Role • Hormones & Behaviour • Sexual-orientation • Masturbation
  • 7. Cognitive Development • Advanced Reasoning • Abstract Thinking • idealistic and logical thinking • Enhanced Learning • Problem-solving • Reflect • Plan for the future Yes… It’s normal for adolescents to 1. Argue for the sake of arguing 2. Jump to conclusions 3. Be self-centered 4. Constantly find faults in adults 5. Be overly dramatic
  • 8. Emotional Development Intense moods & feelings Emotional competence – Sensitive to others Self-consciousness Decision –making
  • 9. Social Development • Ego-centrism • Perspective-taking • Independence • Values – Moral Development • Responsibility
  • 10. Social Development • Relationship with Parents • Relationship with Peers • Adolescents-Adult Relationships • Romantic Relationships • Work & Leisure • Adolescents & Media
  • 11. Common Problems of Adolescents • Aggressiveness • Withdrawal • Rebellious Attitude • Excessive Day-dreaming • Emotional Tension • Personal Appearance • Developmental Problems • Economic Independence • School failure & dropping out • Pregnancy & STD
  • 12. Psychological Problems • Misconceptions regarding menstruation, sex, pregnancy, etc • Aggression & Delinquency • Learning Disabilities • Depression • Suicide • Anxiety • Substance Abuse –Alcohol, Tobacco, Drug • Eating Disorders
  • 13. Educational Problems • Rigid Curriculum • School Environment • Examinations • Grades • Careers • Lack of guidance system
  • 14. How to protect Adolescent’s Health? • Stable, Positive Relationship With at Least One Caring Adult • Religious and Spiritual Anchors • High, Realistic Academic Expectations and Adequate Support • Positive Family Environment • Emotional Intelligence and Ability To Cope With Stress • Ask for help from Counsellors or Psychologists
  • 15. References • Lerner, R. M., & Steinberg, L. (Eds.) (2004). Handbook of Adolescent Psychology. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. • Sawyer, S. M., Azzopardi, P. S., Wickremarathne, D., & Patton, G. C. (2018). The age of adolescence. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 2(3), 223–228. doi:10.1016/s2352-4642(18)30022-1 • Adolescent Development. Retrieved from http://www.amchp.org/programsandtopics/AdolescentHealth/projects/Pages/AdolescentDevelopment.aspx • Social and emotional changes: 9-15 years. Retrieved from https://raisingchildren.net.au/pre-teens/development/social-emotional- development/social-emotional-changes-9-15-years • Developing Adolescents. Retrieved from https://www.apa.org/pi/families/resources/develop.pdf • Adolescent Development Explained. Retrieved from https://opa.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/2020-08/opa-adolescent- development-explained-download.pdf