SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1
Provenance in MARC 21
Reinhold Heuvelmann
Format-Elemente (1)
– Satzkennung
- 05: Record status
- 17: Encoding level
- 18: Descriptive cataloging form
– Feld 008
- 00-05: Date entered on file
- 39: Cataloging Source
– Feld 040: Cataloging Source
- $a: Original cataloging agency
- $b: Language of cataloging
- $c: Transcribing agency
- $d: Modifying agency
- $e: Description conventions
– Feld 042: Authentication Code
– Feld 588: Source of Description Note
| 8 | Reinhold Heuvelmann | Provenance in MARC 21 | 25. Juli 20162
| 8 | Reinhold Heuvelmann | Provenance in MARC 21 | 25. Juli 20163
Format-Elemente (2)
– Feld 883: Machine-generated Metadata Provenance
- First Indicator: Method of machine assignment
- #: No information provided/not applicable
- 0: Fully machine-generated
- 1: Partially machine-generated
- Unterfelder:
- $a: Generation process
- $c: Confidence value
- $d: Generation date
- $q: Generation agency
- $x: Validity end date
- $u: Uniform Resource Identifier
- $w: Bibliographic record control number
- $0: Authority record control number or standard number
- $8: Field link and sequence number
- Field link type "p": Metadata provenance
| 8 | Reinhold Heuvelmann | Provenance in MARC 21 | 25. Juli 20164
Format-Elemente (3)
– Feld 884: Description Conversion Information
- Unterfelder:
- $a: Conversion process
- $g: Conversion date
- $k: Identifier of source metadata
- $q: Conversion agency
- $u: Uniform Resource Identifier
– Unterfeld $5: Institution to which field applies
- Item level information
- Local cataloging policy
- Cataloging agency
(vgl. teilweise Unterfeld $q: Agency)
| 8 | Reinhold Heuvelmann | Provenance in MARC 21 | 25. Juli 20165
Format-Elemente (4)
– Unterfeld $6: Linkage
- linking tag
- occurrence number
- script identification code
- field orientation code
– "067" / "881":
"Transliteration / Romanization Information"
MARC Discussion Paper Mai 2016:
"Designating a Norm or Standard used for Romanization in
the MARC 21 Bibliographic Format"
http://www.loc.gov/marc/mac/2016/2016-dp26.html
Provenance
satzweise ...
| 8 | Reinhold Heuvelmann | Provenance in MARC 21 | 25. Juli 20166
... und Provenance feldweise
– einfach:
082 74$a810$aB$qDE-101$223sdnb
http://d-nb.info/1070332119
– mit Feld 883:
001 1099314038
082 74$81p$a400$qDE-101$223sdnb
245 10$aComic in Polen - Polen im Comic
883 1$81p$aAblieferung ONIX$d20160503$qDE-101
http://d-nb.info/1099314038
| 8 | Reinhold Heuvelmann | Provenance in MARC 21 | 25. Juli 20167
Danke.
Fragen,
Ergänzungen,
Anregungen?
| 8 | Reinhold Heuvelmann | Provenance in MARC 21 | 25. Juli 20168

More Related Content

More from Reinhold Heuvelmann

From enthusiasm to hesitation, and beyond: some German remarks on BIBFRAME
From enthusiasm to hesitation,and beyond: some German remarks on BIBFRAMEFrom enthusiasm to hesitation,and beyond: some German remarks on BIBFRAME
From enthusiasm to hesitation, and beyond: some German remarks on BIBFRAME
Reinhold Heuvelmann
 
Diakritika in Unicode
Diakritika in UnicodeDiakritika in Unicode
Diakritika in Unicode
Reinhold Heuvelmann
 
Open Access und Lizenzangaben in MARC 21 - Update
Open Access und Lizenzangaben in MARC 21 - UpdateOpen Access und Lizenzangaben in MARC 21 - Update
Open Access und Lizenzangaben in MARC 21 - Update
Reinhold Heuvelmann
 
Open Access and License Representation in MARC 21
Open Access and License Representation in MARC 21Open Access and License Representation in MARC 21
Open Access and License Representation in MARC 21
Reinhold Heuvelmann
 
Open Access und Lizenzangaben in MARC 21
Open Access und Lizenzangaben in MARC 21Open Access und Lizenzangaben in MARC 21
Open Access und Lizenzangaben in MARC 21
Reinhold Heuvelmann
 
Overview of Format Activities in Die Deutsche Bibliothek
Overview of Format Activities in Die Deutsche BibliothekOverview of Format Activities in Die Deutsche Bibliothek
Overview of Format Activities in Die Deutsche Bibliothek
Reinhold Heuvelmann
 
Linked Data at the German National Library
Linked Data at the German National LibraryLinked Data at the German National Library
Linked Data at the German National Library
Reinhold Heuvelmann
 
Entitäten, Relationen und mehr - Erweiterungen in MARC 21 Authority durch di...
Entitäten, Relationen und mehr - Erweiterungen in MARC 21 Authority durch di...Entitäten, Relationen und mehr - Erweiterungen in MARC 21 Authority durch di...
Entitäten, Relationen und mehr - Erweiterungen in MARC 21 Authority durch di...
Reinhold Heuvelmann
 
Some requirements for a future metadata format
Some requirements for a future metadata formatSome requirements for a future metadata format
Some requirements for a future metadata format
Reinhold Heuvelmann
 
BIBFRAME
BIBFRAMEBIBFRAME
GND and URIs: Integration and Identification
GND and URIs: Integration and IdentificationGND and URIs: Integration and Identification
GND and URIs: Integration and Identification
Reinhold Heuvelmann
 
BIBFRAME
BIBFRAMEBIBFRAME
Warum ausgerechnet BIBFRAME?
Warum ausgerechnet BIBFRAME?Warum ausgerechnet BIBFRAME?
Warum ausgerechnet BIBFRAME?
Reinhold Heuvelmann
 
BIBFRAME: Wie geht es weiter?
BIBFRAME: Wie geht es weiter?BIBFRAME: Wie geht es weiter?
BIBFRAME: Wie geht es weiter?
Reinhold Heuvelmann
 
2015 02-24 dnb-linking_data
2015 02-24 dnb-linking_data2015 02-24 dnb-linking_data
2015 02-24 dnb-linking_data
Reinhold Heuvelmann
 
Typen von Publikationen nach RDA
Typen von Publikationen nach RDATypen von Publikationen nach RDA
Typen von Publikationen nach RDA
Reinhold Heuvelmann
 
BIBFRAME on its way
BIBFRAME on its wayBIBFRAME on its way
BIBFRAME on its way
Reinhold Heuvelmann
 
BIBFRAME Report from the German National Library
BIBFRAME Report from the German National LibraryBIBFRAME Report from the German National Library
BIBFRAME Report from the German National Library
Reinhold Heuvelmann
 
Die Implementierung von Content Type, Media Type und Carrier Type
Die Implementierung von Content Type, Media Type und Carrier TypeDie Implementierung von Content Type, Media Type und Carrier Type
Die Implementierung von Content Type, Media Type und Carrier Type
Reinhold Heuvelmann
 

More from Reinhold Heuvelmann (20)

From enthusiasm to hesitation, and beyond: some German remarks on BIBFRAME
From enthusiasm to hesitation,and beyond: some German remarks on BIBFRAMEFrom enthusiasm to hesitation,and beyond: some German remarks on BIBFRAME
From enthusiasm to hesitation, and beyond: some German remarks on BIBFRAME
 
Diakritika in Unicode
Diakritika in UnicodeDiakritika in Unicode
Diakritika in Unicode
 
Open Access und Lizenzangaben in MARC 21 - Update
Open Access und Lizenzangaben in MARC 21 - UpdateOpen Access und Lizenzangaben in MARC 21 - Update
Open Access und Lizenzangaben in MARC 21 - Update
 
Open Access and License Representation in MARC 21
Open Access and License Representation in MARC 21Open Access and License Representation in MARC 21
Open Access and License Representation in MARC 21
 
Open Access und Lizenzangaben in MARC 21
Open Access und Lizenzangaben in MARC 21Open Access und Lizenzangaben in MARC 21
Open Access und Lizenzangaben in MARC 21
 
Overview of Format Activities in Die Deutsche Bibliothek
Overview of Format Activities in Die Deutsche BibliothekOverview of Format Activities in Die Deutsche Bibliothek
Overview of Format Activities in Die Deutsche Bibliothek
 
Linked Data at the German National Library
Linked Data at the German National LibraryLinked Data at the German National Library
Linked Data at the German National Library
 
Entitäten, Relationen und mehr - Erweiterungen in MARC 21 Authority durch di...
Entitäten, Relationen und mehr - Erweiterungen in MARC 21 Authority durch di...Entitäten, Relationen und mehr - Erweiterungen in MARC 21 Authority durch di...
Entitäten, Relationen und mehr - Erweiterungen in MARC 21 Authority durch di...
 
Some requirements for a future metadata format
Some requirements for a future metadata formatSome requirements for a future metadata format
Some requirements for a future metadata format
 
BIBFRAME
BIBFRAMEBIBFRAME
BIBFRAME
 
GND and URIs: Integration and Identification
GND and URIs: Integration and IdentificationGND and URIs: Integration and Identification
GND and URIs: Integration and Identification
 
BIBFRAME
BIBFRAMEBIBFRAME
BIBFRAME
 
Warum ausgerechnet BIBFRAME?
Warum ausgerechnet BIBFRAME?Warum ausgerechnet BIBFRAME?
Warum ausgerechnet BIBFRAME?
 
BIBFRAME: Wie geht es weiter?
BIBFRAME: Wie geht es weiter?BIBFRAME: Wie geht es weiter?
BIBFRAME: Wie geht es weiter?
 
2015 02-24 dnb-linking_data
2015 02-24 dnb-linking_data2015 02-24 dnb-linking_data
2015 02-24 dnb-linking_data
 
Typen von Publikationen nach RDA
Typen von Publikationen nach RDATypen von Publikationen nach RDA
Typen von Publikationen nach RDA
 
BIBFRAME on its way
BIBFRAME on its wayBIBFRAME on its way
BIBFRAME on its way
 
BIBFRAME: Potential und Risiko
BIBFRAME: Potential und RisikoBIBFRAME: Potential und Risiko
BIBFRAME: Potential und Risiko
 
BIBFRAME Report from the German National Library
BIBFRAME Report from the German National LibraryBIBFRAME Report from the German National Library
BIBFRAME Report from the German National Library
 
Die Implementierung von Content Type, Media Type und Carrier Type
Die Implementierung von Content Type, Media Type und Carrier TypeDie Implementierung von Content Type, Media Type und Carrier Type
Die Implementierung von Content Type, Media Type und Carrier Type
 

Recently uploaded

kk vathada _digital transformation frameworks_2024.pdf
kk vathada _digital transformation frameworks_2024.pdfkk vathada _digital transformation frameworks_2024.pdf
kk vathada _digital transformation frameworks_2024.pdf
KIRAN KV
 
Zaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdf
Zaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdfZaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdf
Zaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdf
AmandaCheung15
 
Camunda Chapter NY Meetup July 2024.pptx
Camunda Chapter NY Meetup July 2024.pptxCamunda Chapter NY Meetup July 2024.pptx
Camunda Chapter NY Meetup July 2024.pptx
ZachWylie3
 
Improving Learning Content Efficiency with Reusable Learning Content
Improving Learning Content Efficiency with Reusable Learning ContentImproving Learning Content Efficiency with Reusable Learning Content
Improving Learning Content Efficiency with Reusable Learning Content
Enterprise Knowledge
 
Acumatica vs. Sage Intacct _Construction_July (1).pptx
Acumatica vs. Sage Intacct _Construction_July (1).pptxAcumatica vs. Sage Intacct _Construction_July (1).pptx
Acumatica vs. Sage Intacct _Construction_July (1).pptx
BrainSell Technologies
 
How UiPath Discovery Suite supports identification of Agentic Process Automat...
How UiPath Discovery Suite supports identification of Agentic Process Automat...How UiPath Discovery Suite supports identification of Agentic Process Automat...
How UiPath Discovery Suite supports identification of Agentic Process Automat...
DianaGray10
 
leewayhertz.com-AI agents for healthcare Applications benefits and implementa...
leewayhertz.com-AI agents for healthcare Applications benefits and implementa...leewayhertz.com-AI agents for healthcare Applications benefits and implementa...
leewayhertz.com-AI agents for healthcare Applications benefits and implementa...
alexjohnson7307
 
Redefining Cybersecurity with AI Capabilities
Redefining Cybersecurity with AI CapabilitiesRedefining Cybersecurity with AI Capabilities
Redefining Cybersecurity with AI Capabilities
Priyanka Aash
 
Finetuning GenAI For Hacking and Defending
Finetuning GenAI For Hacking and DefendingFinetuning GenAI For Hacking and Defending
Finetuning GenAI For Hacking and Defending
Priyanka Aash
 
Integrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecase
Integrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecaseIntegrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecase
Integrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecase
shyamraj55
 
Step-By-Step Process to Develop a Mobile App From Scratch
Step-By-Step Process to Develop a Mobile App From ScratchStep-By-Step Process to Develop a Mobile App From Scratch
Step-By-Step Process to Develop a Mobile App From Scratch
softsuave
 
Acumatica vs. Sage Intacct vs. NetSuite _ NOW CFO.pdf
Acumatica vs. Sage Intacct vs. NetSuite _ NOW CFO.pdfAcumatica vs. Sage Intacct vs. NetSuite _ NOW CFO.pdf
Acumatica vs. Sage Intacct vs. NetSuite _ NOW CFO.pdf
BrainSell Technologies
 
Semantic-Aware Code Model: Elevating the Future of Software Development
Semantic-Aware Code Model: Elevating the Future of Software DevelopmentSemantic-Aware Code Model: Elevating the Future of Software Development
Semantic-Aware Code Model: Elevating the Future of Software Development
Baishakhi Ray
 
Tailored CRM Software Development for Enhanced Customer Insights
Tailored CRM Software Development for Enhanced Customer InsightsTailored CRM Software Development for Enhanced Customer Insights
Tailored CRM Software Development for Enhanced Customer Insights
SynapseIndia
 
Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
shanihomely
 
Uncharted Together- Navigating AI's New Frontiers in Libraries
Uncharted Together- Navigating AI's New Frontiers in LibrariesUncharted Together- Navigating AI's New Frontiers in Libraries
Uncharted Together- Navigating AI's New Frontiers in Libraries
Brian Pichman
 
Gen AI: Privacy Risks of Large Language Models (LLMs)
Gen AI: Privacy Risks of Large Language Models (LLMs)Gen AI: Privacy Risks of Large Language Models (LLMs)
Gen AI: Privacy Risks of Large Language Models (LLMs)
Debmalya Biswas
 
MAKE MONEY ONLINE Unlock Your Income Potential Today.pptx
MAKE MONEY ONLINE Unlock Your Income Potential Today.pptxMAKE MONEY ONLINE Unlock Your Income Potential Today.pptx
MAKE MONEY ONLINE Unlock Your Income Potential Today.pptx
janagijoythi
 
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
sunilverma7884
 
Vertex AI Agent Builder - GDG Alicante - Julio 2024
Vertex AI Agent Builder - GDG Alicante - Julio 2024Vertex AI Agent Builder - GDG Alicante - Julio 2024
Vertex AI Agent Builder - GDG Alicante - Julio 2024
Nicolás Lopéz
 

Recently uploaded (20)

kk vathada _digital transformation frameworks_2024.pdf
kk vathada _digital transformation frameworks_2024.pdfkk vathada _digital transformation frameworks_2024.pdf
kk vathada _digital transformation frameworks_2024.pdf
 
Zaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdf
Zaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdfZaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdf
Zaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdf
 
Camunda Chapter NY Meetup July 2024.pptx
Camunda Chapter NY Meetup July 2024.pptxCamunda Chapter NY Meetup July 2024.pptx
Camunda Chapter NY Meetup July 2024.pptx
 
Improving Learning Content Efficiency with Reusable Learning Content
Improving Learning Content Efficiency with Reusable Learning ContentImproving Learning Content Efficiency with Reusable Learning Content
Improving Learning Content Efficiency with Reusable Learning Content
 
Acumatica vs. Sage Intacct _Construction_July (1).pptx
Acumatica vs. Sage Intacct _Construction_July (1).pptxAcumatica vs. Sage Intacct _Construction_July (1).pptx
Acumatica vs. Sage Intacct _Construction_July (1).pptx
 
How UiPath Discovery Suite supports identification of Agentic Process Automat...
How UiPath Discovery Suite supports identification of Agentic Process Automat...How UiPath Discovery Suite supports identification of Agentic Process Automat...
How UiPath Discovery Suite supports identification of Agentic Process Automat...
 
leewayhertz.com-AI agents for healthcare Applications benefits and implementa...
leewayhertz.com-AI agents for healthcare Applications benefits and implementa...leewayhertz.com-AI agents for healthcare Applications benefits and implementa...
leewayhertz.com-AI agents for healthcare Applications benefits and implementa...
 
Redefining Cybersecurity with AI Capabilities
Redefining Cybersecurity with AI CapabilitiesRedefining Cybersecurity with AI Capabilities
Redefining Cybersecurity with AI Capabilities
 
Finetuning GenAI For Hacking and Defending
Finetuning GenAI For Hacking and DefendingFinetuning GenAI For Hacking and Defending
Finetuning GenAI For Hacking and Defending
 
Integrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecase
Integrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecaseIntegrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecase
Integrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecase
 
Step-By-Step Process to Develop a Mobile App From Scratch
Step-By-Step Process to Develop a Mobile App From ScratchStep-By-Step Process to Develop a Mobile App From Scratch
Step-By-Step Process to Develop a Mobile App From Scratch
 
Acumatica vs. Sage Intacct vs. NetSuite _ NOW CFO.pdf
Acumatica vs. Sage Intacct vs. NetSuite _ NOW CFO.pdfAcumatica vs. Sage Intacct vs. NetSuite _ NOW CFO.pdf
Acumatica vs. Sage Intacct vs. NetSuite _ NOW CFO.pdf
 
Semantic-Aware Code Model: Elevating the Future of Software Development
Semantic-Aware Code Model: Elevating the Future of Software DevelopmentSemantic-Aware Code Model: Elevating the Future of Software Development
Semantic-Aware Code Model: Elevating the Future of Software Development
 
Tailored CRM Software Development for Enhanced Customer Insights
Tailored CRM Software Development for Enhanced Customer InsightsTailored CRM Software Development for Enhanced Customer Insights
Tailored CRM Software Development for Enhanced Customer Insights
 
Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
 
Uncharted Together- Navigating AI's New Frontiers in Libraries
Uncharted Together- Navigating AI's New Frontiers in LibrariesUncharted Together- Navigating AI's New Frontiers in Libraries
Uncharted Together- Navigating AI's New Frontiers in Libraries
 
Gen AI: Privacy Risks of Large Language Models (LLMs)
Gen AI: Privacy Risks of Large Language Models (LLMs)Gen AI: Privacy Risks of Large Language Models (LLMs)
Gen AI: Privacy Risks of Large Language Models (LLMs)
 
MAKE MONEY ONLINE Unlock Your Income Potential Today.pptx
MAKE MONEY ONLINE Unlock Your Income Potential Today.pptxMAKE MONEY ONLINE Unlock Your Income Potential Today.pptx
MAKE MONEY ONLINE Unlock Your Income Potential Today.pptx
 
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
 
Vertex AI Agent Builder - GDG Alicante - Julio 2024
Vertex AI Agent Builder - GDG Alicante - Julio 2024Vertex AI Agent Builder - GDG Alicante - Julio 2024
Vertex AI Agent Builder - GDG Alicante - Julio 2024
 

Provenance in MARC 21

  • 1. 1 Provenance in MARC 21 Reinhold Heuvelmann
  • 2. Format-Elemente (1) – Satzkennung - 05: Record status - 17: Encoding level - 18: Descriptive cataloging form – Feld 008 - 00-05: Date entered on file - 39: Cataloging Source – Feld 040: Cataloging Source - $a: Original cataloging agency - $b: Language of cataloging - $c: Transcribing agency - $d: Modifying agency - $e: Description conventions – Feld 042: Authentication Code – Feld 588: Source of Description Note | 8 | Reinhold Heuvelmann | Provenance in MARC 21 | 25. Juli 20162
  • 3. | 8 | Reinhold Heuvelmann | Provenance in MARC 21 | 25. Juli 20163 Format-Elemente (2) – Feld 883: Machine-generated Metadata Provenance - First Indicator: Method of machine assignment - #: No information provided/not applicable - 0: Fully machine-generated - 1: Partially machine-generated - Unterfelder: - $a: Generation process - $c: Confidence value - $d: Generation date - $q: Generation agency - $x: Validity end date - $u: Uniform Resource Identifier - $w: Bibliographic record control number - $0: Authority record control number or standard number - $8: Field link and sequence number - Field link type "p": Metadata provenance
  • 4. | 8 | Reinhold Heuvelmann | Provenance in MARC 21 | 25. Juli 20164 Format-Elemente (3) – Feld 884: Description Conversion Information - Unterfelder: - $a: Conversion process - $g: Conversion date - $k: Identifier of source metadata - $q: Conversion agency - $u: Uniform Resource Identifier – Unterfeld $5: Institution to which field applies - Item level information - Local cataloging policy - Cataloging agency (vgl. teilweise Unterfeld $q: Agency)
  • 5. | 8 | Reinhold Heuvelmann | Provenance in MARC 21 | 25. Juli 20165 Format-Elemente (4) – Unterfeld $6: Linkage - linking tag - occurrence number - script identification code - field orientation code – "067" / "881": "Transliteration / Romanization Information" MARC Discussion Paper Mai 2016: "Designating a Norm or Standard used for Romanization in the MARC 21 Bibliographic Format" http://www.loc.gov/marc/mac/2016/2016-dp26.html
  • 6. Provenance satzweise ... | 8 | Reinhold Heuvelmann | Provenance in MARC 21 | 25. Juli 20166
  • 7. ... und Provenance feldweise – einfach: 082 74$a810$aB$qDE-101$223sdnb http://d-nb.info/1070332119 – mit Feld 883: 001 1099314038 082 74$81p$a400$qDE-101$223sdnb 245 10$aComic in Polen - Polen im Comic 883 1$81p$aAblieferung ONIX$d20160503$qDE-101 http://d-nb.info/1099314038 | 8 | Reinhold Heuvelmann | Provenance in MARC 21 | 25. Juli 20167
  • 8. Danke. Fragen, Ergänzungen, Anregungen? | 8 | Reinhold Heuvelmann | Provenance in MARC 21 | 25. Juli 20168