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Protecting third-party timing receivers from cyberattacks
with trusted networkwide GNSS assurance
Robust PNT services with AI-powered analysis of all GNSS assurance data
© 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved.
2
Which applications are using GNSS for timing ?
Radio access
networks
Highly accurate phase and frequency
synchronization for efficient use of spectrum
Migration from NTP- to PTP-based timing for
increased timestamping accuracy
Financial trading
Digital cable networks
Timing distribution to remote PHY devices in
digital infrastructure deployments
Higher accuracy and uncompromised
reliability for mission-critical applications Power utilities
Data center
infrastructure
Common and precise time basis for
synchronization of distributed data bases
Keeping cameras, mixers, recorders and
monitors tightly synchronized
Broadcast networks
© 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved.
3
Over two million GNSS timing receivers in use …
Source: https://www.gsa.europa.eu/system/files/reports/market_report_issue_6_v2.pdf
Number of GNSS timing receivers is growing steadily
• Telecommunication networks
for timing of base stations and
small cells, fixed networks,
professional mobile radio (PMR),
satellite stations
• Energy networks for
timestamping of synchrophasor
measurements
• Financial applications for
assuring sequence of
transactions in trading
Some of the key use cases
© 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved.
4
Growing GPS/GNSS vulnerabilities and cyber threats
GNSS for
timing
Jamming and
spoofing
Obstruction
Interference with
transmitters at
adjacent bands
Ionospheric
disturbance, solar
activity
GNSS disturbances Multiple threat agents
© 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved.
5
Government mandated resilient PNT requirements
US - Federal Executive Order 13905 of Feb 2020: Strengthening National Resilience Through Responsible Use of Positioning,
Navigation, and Timing Services
PNT cyber
threats
Finance
Power grid
Communications
Data centers
aPNT+™ targets:
critical infrastructure
Transportation
According to RTI and NIST, cost of GPS/PNT disruption is $1 billion per day
• Protect
• Critical government and industry infrastructure against disruptions from
GNSS jamming/spoofing and cyberattacks
• Deploy
• Resilient and self-survivable PNT systems
• Target
• Critical infrastructure threatened by GNSS synchronization
vulnerabilities
• Use
• Published PNT assurance guidelines and standards in progress
• DHS Resilient PNT Conformance Framework
• NIST Cybersecurity Framework for PNT Profile (NISTIR 8323)
• IEEE P1952 Resilient PNT UE working group
aPNT+™ - assured positioning, navigation and timing
© 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved.
6
Demand for GNSS/GPS receivers is growing rapidly
GPS
receiver
GPS
receiver
GPS
receiver
GPS
receiver
• No visibility of GNSS receiver health and quality of timing information
• Different suppliers with no means to correlate GNSS data and identify issues
such as cyber threats, obstructions or solar disturbance from a single system
 GNSS failures are detected too late, services become impacted
Problem
GPS
receiver
GPS
receiver
GPS
receiver
GPS
receiver
GPS
receiver
GPS
receiver
GPS
receiver
GPS
receiver
GPS
receiver
GPS
receiver
© 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved.
7
The solution: centralized vendor-agnostic monitoring
and assurance
Integrating third-party GNSS receiver data makes PNT services resilient and secure
• Gathering networkwide performance data from any
GNSS receiver in real-time
• AI-assisted analysis for predictive maintenance,
fast threat/alarm detection and performance control
The intelligent centralized approach
Ensemble
Controller and
Sync Director
• Lower operational cost with real time access to any
GNSS/GPS receiver data
• Networkwide control, visibility and management
through Ensemble Sync Director's GNSS assurance
• Uninterrupted network services with trusted end-to-
end GNSS receiver health analytics
Key advantages
© 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved.
8
Remote GNSS health test – bad site
Easy identification of
local reception issues
© 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved.
9
Remote GNSS health test – good site
© 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved.
10
Ensemble Sync Director
GNSS assurance – monitoring and analysis of Global Navigation Satellite System
Key features
• Geomap GNSS sites and health visualization
• GNSS data collection from sync devices and external sources
(various dashboard views, live and historical)
• Control of GNSS cyber threats and satellite signal quality
• “Smart” graphs for GNSS stats presentation and comparison
between sites and time intervals
• Built-in health test – GNSS installation acceptance
• AI/ML-based prediction of obstructions/jamming/spoofing
Benefits
• Short term: active monitoring, identification of GNSS
installation/blocking issues and fast detection of cyber threats
• Long term: optimized antenna positioning for perfect time
synchronization across a transport network
© 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved.
11
Ensemble Sync Director
GNSS assurance – enhanced capability for integrating third-party GNSS receiver data
Key features
• User-defined (custom) script to retrieve GNSS
parameters from any third-party vendor's GNSS
device
(per type/model/version)
• User-friendly GUI to manage custom scripts
(upload/update/delete)
• GNSS data collection from third-party devices
through the GNSS assurance application
• Third-party monitoring through the extended GNSS
assurance application
Benefits
• Centralized multi-vendor GNSS monitoring solution
• Networkwide GNSS health analytics
• Trusted GNSS assurance capability OSA
GNSS assurance
Custom
GNSS CLI
Script
Mediation
server
Custom
GNSS
CLI script
Third-party
scripts
manager
Ensemble
Sync Director
GNSS
third
party
© 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved.
12
Summary
GNSS assurance with third-party vendor's GNSS data provides trusted assured PNT
• Trusted PNT services require end-to-end, multi-vendor GNSS
receiver monitoring and management
• Ensemble Sync Director GNSS assurance provides resiliency,
robustness and security for defense-in-depth capability
against growing cyberattacks
• Integration of multi-vendor GNSS receiver data
lowers operational cost and mitigates network disruption
• Networkwide AI-assisted GNSS analytics are critical for fast
fault detection and predictive maintenance
Thank you
IMPORTANT NOTICE
ADVA is the exclusive owner or licensee of the content, material, and information in this presentation. Any reproduction, pub
lication or reprint, in whole or in part, is strictly prohibited.
The information in this presentation may not be accurate, complete or up to date, and is provided without warranties or repre
sentations of any kind, either express or implied. ADVA shall not be responsible for and disclaims any liability for any loss or damages, including without limitation,
direct, indirect, incidental, consequential and special damages, alleged to have been caused by or in connection with using a
nd/or relying on the information contained in this presentation.
Copyright © for the entire content of this presentation: ADVA.
www.oscilloquartz.com | info@adva.com

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Protecting third-party timing receivers from cyberattacks with trusted networkwide GNSS assurance

  • 1. Protecting third-party timing receivers from cyberattacks with trusted networkwide GNSS assurance Robust PNT services with AI-powered analysis of all GNSS assurance data
  • 2. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 2 Which applications are using GNSS for timing ? Radio access networks Highly accurate phase and frequency synchronization for efficient use of spectrum Migration from NTP- to PTP-based timing for increased timestamping accuracy Financial trading Digital cable networks Timing distribution to remote PHY devices in digital infrastructure deployments Higher accuracy and uncompromised reliability for mission-critical applications Power utilities Data center infrastructure Common and precise time basis for synchronization of distributed data bases Keeping cameras, mixers, recorders and monitors tightly synchronized Broadcast networks
  • 3. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 3 Over two million GNSS timing receivers in use … Source: https://www.gsa.europa.eu/system/files/reports/market_report_issue_6_v2.pdf Number of GNSS timing receivers is growing steadily • Telecommunication networks for timing of base stations and small cells, fixed networks, professional mobile radio (PMR), satellite stations • Energy networks for timestamping of synchrophasor measurements • Financial applications for assuring sequence of transactions in trading Some of the key use cases
  • 4. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 4 Growing GPS/GNSS vulnerabilities and cyber threats GNSS for timing Jamming and spoofing Obstruction Interference with transmitters at adjacent bands Ionospheric disturbance, solar activity GNSS disturbances Multiple threat agents
  • 5. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 5 Government mandated resilient PNT requirements US - Federal Executive Order 13905 of Feb 2020: Strengthening National Resilience Through Responsible Use of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing Services PNT cyber threats Finance Power grid Communications Data centers aPNT+™ targets: critical infrastructure Transportation According to RTI and NIST, cost of GPS/PNT disruption is $1 billion per day • Protect • Critical government and industry infrastructure against disruptions from GNSS jamming/spoofing and cyberattacks • Deploy • Resilient and self-survivable PNT systems • Target • Critical infrastructure threatened by GNSS synchronization vulnerabilities • Use • Published PNT assurance guidelines and standards in progress • DHS Resilient PNT Conformance Framework • NIST Cybersecurity Framework for PNT Profile (NISTIR 8323) • IEEE P1952 Resilient PNT UE working group aPNT+™ - assured positioning, navigation and timing
  • 6. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 6 Demand for GNSS/GPS receivers is growing rapidly GPS receiver GPS receiver GPS receiver GPS receiver • No visibility of GNSS receiver health and quality of timing information • Different suppliers with no means to correlate GNSS data and identify issues such as cyber threats, obstructions or solar disturbance from a single system  GNSS failures are detected too late, services become impacted Problem GPS receiver GPS receiver GPS receiver GPS receiver GPS receiver GPS receiver GPS receiver GPS receiver GPS receiver GPS receiver
  • 7. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 7 The solution: centralized vendor-agnostic monitoring and assurance Integrating third-party GNSS receiver data makes PNT services resilient and secure • Gathering networkwide performance data from any GNSS receiver in real-time • AI-assisted analysis for predictive maintenance, fast threat/alarm detection and performance control The intelligent centralized approach Ensemble Controller and Sync Director • Lower operational cost with real time access to any GNSS/GPS receiver data • Networkwide control, visibility and management through Ensemble Sync Director's GNSS assurance • Uninterrupted network services with trusted end-to- end GNSS receiver health analytics Key advantages
  • 8. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 8 Remote GNSS health test – bad site Easy identification of local reception issues
  • 9. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 9 Remote GNSS health test – good site
  • 10. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 10 Ensemble Sync Director GNSS assurance – monitoring and analysis of Global Navigation Satellite System Key features • Geomap GNSS sites and health visualization • GNSS data collection from sync devices and external sources (various dashboard views, live and historical) • Control of GNSS cyber threats and satellite signal quality • “Smart” graphs for GNSS stats presentation and comparison between sites and time intervals • Built-in health test – GNSS installation acceptance • AI/ML-based prediction of obstructions/jamming/spoofing Benefits • Short term: active monitoring, identification of GNSS installation/blocking issues and fast detection of cyber threats • Long term: optimized antenna positioning for perfect time synchronization across a transport network
  • 11. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 11 Ensemble Sync Director GNSS assurance – enhanced capability for integrating third-party GNSS receiver data Key features • User-defined (custom) script to retrieve GNSS parameters from any third-party vendor's GNSS device (per type/model/version) • User-friendly GUI to manage custom scripts (upload/update/delete) • GNSS data collection from third-party devices through the GNSS assurance application • Third-party monitoring through the extended GNSS assurance application Benefits • Centralized multi-vendor GNSS monitoring solution • Networkwide GNSS health analytics • Trusted GNSS assurance capability OSA GNSS assurance Custom GNSS CLI Script Mediation server Custom GNSS CLI script Third-party scripts manager Ensemble Sync Director GNSS third party
  • 12. © 2022 ADVA. All rights reserved. 12 Summary GNSS assurance with third-party vendor's GNSS data provides trusted assured PNT • Trusted PNT services require end-to-end, multi-vendor GNSS receiver monitoring and management • Ensemble Sync Director GNSS assurance provides resiliency, robustness and security for defense-in-depth capability against growing cyberattacks • Integration of multi-vendor GNSS receiver data lowers operational cost and mitigates network disruption • Networkwide AI-assisted GNSS analytics are critical for fast fault detection and predictive maintenance
  • 13. Thank you IMPORTANT NOTICE ADVA is the exclusive owner or licensee of the content, material, and information in this presentation. Any reproduction, pub lication or reprint, in whole or in part, is strictly prohibited. The information in this presentation may not be accurate, complete or up to date, and is provided without warranties or repre sentations of any kind, either express or implied. ADVA shall not be responsible for and disclaims any liability for any loss or damages, including without limitation, direct, indirect, incidental, consequential and special damages, alleged to have been caused by or in connection with using a nd/or relying on the information contained in this presentation. Copyright © for the entire content of this presentation: ADVA. www.oscilloquartz.com | info@adva.com