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10 MW Solar PV Power Plant
Project Team : Nandhini | Nithya | Ragul Kannan | Sowparanika |Vignesh
10 MW Solar PV Power Plant
18/12/15 - Friday
 Project Description
 Objectives Involved
 Success Factors
 Appendix
Project Description
By installing and successfully operating 10 MW photovoltaic
(PV) power plants will deliver electricity for consumption by
the owners, the relevant peoples in the project assessment
place will be made aware of the technical and economic
potential of solar power generation. Furthermore, the power
required from the public grid will be reduced, and overall
expenditure on electric power will be lowered & our project
aims to create the necessary awareness among the
population, and especially among policymakers and large
investors,Youngsters.....
Objectives Involved
Overall project objective:
Our project will make a contribution toward sustainable energy
supply, and will serve as a showpiece demonstrating the
potential for stable and strongly desiring power supply based on
low-carbon energy production.
1. Schedule objectives
2. Permission objectives
3. Financial objectives
4. Technical objectives
5. Special objectives
1.Schedule objectives
Scheduling
 Total Project Time 5 Months
 Date of Ordering 2 Months
 Financial Closure Achievement 2 Months
 Plant & Machinery Ordering 1 Month
 DOO & FCA - During which detailed engineering, procurement, erection and
commissioning of civil & structural, mechanical and electrical equipment will be
executed.
 The plant & machinery ordering process will happen and the entire ordering
process will happen in one month. During this period, all detailed engineering
designs will be made ready for the execution phase to follow.
ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION PRECEEDING ACTIVITY DURATION (WEEKS)
A SITE ASSESSMENT - 1
B DESIGNING A 1
C LABOUR B 1
D PROCUREMENT B 6
E MOUNTING STRUCTURE (ERECTION) C,D 2
F PANEL ERECTION E 3
G JUNCTION BOX F 1
H INVERTER G 2
I CABLING G 1
J TRANSFORMER H,I 2
K COMMISSIONING J 1
1 2 3
A B
5
4
6
D
C
E
7
F
G
8 9 10
H
11
J
K
12
I
(1) (1) (1)
(2)(3)
(1)
(2) (1)
(2)
(1)
(2)
(6)
Dummy Activity
NETWORK DIAGRAM
Possible Pathways
A-B-C-E-F-G-H-J-K = 14 weeks
A-B-D-E-F-G-H-I-J-K =20 weeks
1 2 3
A B
5
4
6
D
C
E
7
F
G
8 9 10
H
11
J
K
12
I
(0,1) (1,2) (2,3)
(8,10)(10,13)
(13,14)
(14,16) (16,17)
(17,19)
(19,20)
(8,10)
(2,8)
Dummy Activity
PERT- FORWARD PASS METHOD
1 2 3
A B
5
4
6
D
C
E
7
F
G
8 9 10
H
11
J
K
12
I
(0,1) (1,2) (7,8)
(8,10)(10,13)
(13,14)
(14,16) (16,17)
(17,19)
(19,20)
(8,10)
(2,8)
Dummy Activity
PERT- BACKWARD PASS METHOD
1 2 3
A B
5
4
6
D
C
E
7
F
G
8 9 10
H
11
J
K
12
I
(1) (1) (1)
(2)(3)
(1)
(2) (1)
(2)
(1)
(2)
(6)
Dummy Activity
CRITICAL PATH
2.Permission objectives
Permissions/Clearances
Accredited by State Load Dispatch Centre
(SLDC)
for REC mechanism
Land purchase
Power Evacuation arrangement permission letter from Gov.
Confirmation of MeteringArrangement and location
Meter type, Manufacture, Model, Details for Energy Metering
Copy of PPA (important as Preferential PPA projects are not eligible for REC)
Proposed Model and make of plant equipment
Taking for compliance with the usage of fossil fuel criteria as specified by MNRE
Details of Connectivity with Gov. Grid
Connectivity Diagram and Single Line Diagram of Plant
Any other documents requested by State Gov.
Agreements
3.Financial objectives
Cost objectives
 PerWatt Rs.35 - 50
 Per MW Rs.3.5 - 4.0 Crore
 Per MW 4.5 - 5.0 Acre
 Per Acre Rs.25-40 Lakhs
 O&M Cost Rs.15 Lakhs/MW/Year
 Insurance 0.5% per year
 AD Benefit 4.21% per year
 Escalation Charges 2% every year
Year Loss Generation EB Tariff Amount
1 0.0066 11970000.0 7.00 83790000.0
2 0.0066 11890998.0 7.14 84901725.7
3 0.0066 11812517.4 7.28 86028201.8
4 0.0066 11734554.8 7.43 87169624.0
5 0.0066 11657106.7 7.58 88326190.6
6 0.0066 11580169.8 7.73 89498102.5
7 0.0066 11503740.7 7.88 90685563.3
8 0.0066 11427816.0 8.04 91888779.3
9 0.0066 11352392.4 8.20 93107959.7
10 0.0066 11277466.6 8.37 94343316.1
11 0.0066 11203035.4 8.53 95595063.2
12 0.0066 11129095.3 8.70 96863418.5
13 0.0066 11055643.3 8.88 98148602.3
14 0.0066 10982676.1 9.06 99450838.0
15 0.0066 10910190.4 9.24 100770351.7
16 0.0066 10838183.1 9.42 102107372.7
17 0.0066 10766651.1 9.61 103462133.4
18 0.0066 10695591.2 9.80 104834868.9
19 0.0066 10625000.3 10.00 106225818.0
20 0.0066 10554875.3 10.20 107635222.1
Year 20 years
Gen Units
Tariff 2% Es
Amt Rs
Payback Period
7Years -ve
Then +ve
Net Amount
Gen.Amount-Total
Expenses
Year Capital Cost -552000000 Cash Flow
1 -ve -486960000.00
2 -ve -420808274.28
3 -ve -353530072.46
4 -ve -285110448.46
5 -ve -215534257.89
6 -ve -144786155.43
7 -ve -72850592.14
8 +ve 288187.20
9 +ve 74646146.87
10 +ve 150239462.95
11 +ve 227084526.14
12 +ve 305197944.64
13 +ve 384596546.97
14 +ve 465297384.95
15 +ve 547317736.65
16 +ve 630675109.38
17 +ve 715387242.74
18 +ve 801472111.67
19 +ve 888947929.65
20 +ve 977833151.78
-₹ 0.60
-₹ 0.40
-₹ 0.20
₹ 0.00
₹ 0.20
₹ 0.40
₹ 0.60
₹ 0.80
₹ 1.00
₹ 1.20
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
CAPITALCOST-INBILLIONS
Payback Period
-₹ 552,000,000.00 -₹ 552,000,000.00 Cash Flow
Levelized Cost of energy
10 years 15 years 20 years
Total Cost
739,500,000.00
739,500,000.00 833,250,000.00 927,000,000.00
Total Gen
116,206,762.60
116,206,762.60 171,487,403.06 224,967,704.22
Rs./unit ₹ 6.36 ₹ 4.86 ₹ 4.12
₹ 0.0
₹ 1.0
₹ 2.0
₹ 3.0
₹ 4.0
₹ 5.0
₹ 6.0
₹ 7.0
₹ 6.36
₹ 4.86
₹ 4.12
PERUNITCOST
NO.OFYEARS
LEVELIZED COST OF ENERGY
10 years 15 years 20 years
Bank loans for Solar PV Plant setup
2 kinds of Financing mechanisms
Recourse Financing
Non-Recourse Financing
Loan could be in the range of 40-60% project cost
CDM & REC Benefits
 REC Mechanism and CDM are mutually exclusive and hence a power
developer can claim CDM benefits (Carbon Credits) also.
 REC Principal Regulations, there is no lower limit for Solar Power
plants to be eligible for RECs. Though it previously stated that 250 KW
is the minimum size for plants to be eligible for RECs, the same has
been removed as part of the above stated amendment.
No Subsidy
Central Government through MNRE
 For systems Upto 100 kWp in size, Upto 15% subsidy can be
availed with the help of MNRE-empanelled channel
partners.
Solar Energy Corporation of India
 For systems of sizes 100 kWp-500 kWp, subsidy can be
availed through Solar Energy Corporation of India.
4.Technical objectives
On-Grid
Details
 Plant Capacity 10 MW
 Solar radiation 4-7 kWh/m2/day
 Hrs of operation/Day 5-7 Hrs
 Plant working days 300 Days
 Ave.annual Production 12.6 M.U (10*6*300 MWhr)
 Inverter Central Inverter
 Inside Losses 5 % from generation
Also calculate the Number of sunny days, DayTemperatures,Air Mass….etc
Site Assessment
 Prepare Plant Layout Surveying & Now using
Google Earth with ArcGIS
 Latitude 90-310
 Area of plant No's of modules (55 Acres)
 Available shadow area Waste land - Ground
 SoilType All Coarse / Fine Soils used
 Foundation 100 mm thickness
250 Wp - Panel Specifications
 Solar Panel Watt Peak 235 W
 ModuleType Standard
 Technology Mono crystalline
 Mounting Disposition Ground - Tilted
 Open circuit voltage 37V
 Short circuit current 8.6 A
 Max.Power voltage 30V
 Max.Power current 7.84 A
250 Wp - Panel
Design Calculation
Total Plant Size - 10 MW
Individual Sections - 500 kW * 20 Sets
No.of DC Cabinet - 560V * 20 Sets
No.of AC Cabinet - 380V * 20 Sets
No.of Inverters - 500 kVA * 20 Sets
No.of Junction Boxes - 560W * 320 Sets
Monitoring Devices - 1 Set
Protection Devices - 1 Set
Infrastructure - As required
Each 500 kW Set
PV Arrays - 16 Sets
Mounting Structure - 16 Sets
DC Junction Box (560W) - 16 Sets
DC Cabinet (560V) - 1 Set
Inverter (500 kVA) - 1 Set
AC Distribution Cabinet - 1 Set
15 PV Arrays - Has 8 Rows
Last PV Array - Has 5 Rows
Each Row - Has 16 Modules
Net Panels (500 kW) - (8*16) + (5*16) = 2000 Panels
Like 20 Sets (10 MW) - 20*2000 = 40000 Panels
PV Array – 16
500 kW - Design layout
PV Array 1
DCDistributionBox
ACDistributionBox
Inverter
Junction Box 1PV Array 1
Junction Box 2PV Array 2
Junction Box 3PV Array 3
Junction Box 4PV Array 4
Junction Box 5PV Array 5
Junction Box 6PV Array 6
Junction Box 7PV Array 7
Junction Box 8PV Array 8
Junction Box 9PV Array 9
Junction Box 10PV Array 10
Junction Box 11PV Array 11
Junction Box 12PV Array 12
Junction Box 13PV Array 13
Junction Box 14PV Array 14
Junction Box 15PV Array 15
Junction Box 16PV Array 16
10 MW Design layout
DISTRIBUTION
BOARD
₹ 0.00
₹ 20.00
₹ 40.00
₹ 60.00
₹ 80.00
₹ 100.00
₹ 120.00
9,500,000
10,000,000
10,500,000
11,000,000
11,500,000
12,000,000
12,500,000
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
AMOUNT-INMILLIONS
GENERATEDUNITS
NO.OFYEARS
SOLAR PV PLANT
Generation Amount
Amount of ele.pro/year 12600000 Units
CER 12600 Units
1 CER 1 Ton of Co2
1 CER 0.4 Euro
1 Euro 72 Rupees
Total CER (Euro) 5040 Euro
Total Value/Annum ₹ 362,880.00 Rupees
For 15 Years ₹ 5,443,200.00 Rupees
CER Calculation
5.Special objectives
Success Factors
For Output
 Plant Location
 Quality of equipment used
 SolarTracking systems
 O&M activities
For Project
 Satisfied clients
 Met project objectives
 Completed within budget
 Delivered on time
Our Project Pathway
Proposal
• November 6
Permission
• November 13
Financial
• November 20
Report
• Today
Appendix
 Tamilnadu Energy Development Agency (TEDA) Website
 Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE)Website
 Solar PV Systems – Chetan Singh Solanki
 Solar Electricity – Michel Boxwell

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Project Proposal on 10 MW Solar PV Power Plant

  • 1. 10 MW Solar PV Power Plant Project Team : Nandhini | Nithya | Ragul Kannan | Sowparanika |Vignesh
  • 2. 10 MW Solar PV Power Plant 18/12/15 - Friday  Project Description  Objectives Involved  Success Factors  Appendix
  • 3. Project Description By installing and successfully operating 10 MW photovoltaic (PV) power plants will deliver electricity for consumption by the owners, the relevant peoples in the project assessment place will be made aware of the technical and economic potential of solar power generation. Furthermore, the power required from the public grid will be reduced, and overall expenditure on electric power will be lowered & our project aims to create the necessary awareness among the population, and especially among policymakers and large investors,Youngsters.....
  • 4. Objectives Involved Overall project objective: Our project will make a contribution toward sustainable energy supply, and will serve as a showpiece demonstrating the potential for stable and strongly desiring power supply based on low-carbon energy production. 1. Schedule objectives 2. Permission objectives 3. Financial objectives 4. Technical objectives 5. Special objectives
  • 6. Scheduling  Total Project Time 5 Months  Date of Ordering 2 Months  Financial Closure Achievement 2 Months  Plant & Machinery Ordering 1 Month  DOO & FCA - During which detailed engineering, procurement, erection and commissioning of civil & structural, mechanical and electrical equipment will be executed.  The plant & machinery ordering process will happen and the entire ordering process will happen in one month. During this period, all detailed engineering designs will be made ready for the execution phase to follow.
  • 7. ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION PRECEEDING ACTIVITY DURATION (WEEKS) A SITE ASSESSMENT - 1 B DESIGNING A 1 C LABOUR B 1 D PROCUREMENT B 6 E MOUNTING STRUCTURE (ERECTION) C,D 2 F PANEL ERECTION E 3 G JUNCTION BOX F 1 H INVERTER G 2 I CABLING G 1 J TRANSFORMER H,I 2 K COMMISSIONING J 1
  • 8. 1 2 3 A B 5 4 6 D C E 7 F G 8 9 10 H 11 J K 12 I (1) (1) (1) (2)(3) (1) (2) (1) (2) (1) (2) (6) Dummy Activity NETWORK DIAGRAM
  • 9. Possible Pathways A-B-C-E-F-G-H-J-K = 14 weeks A-B-D-E-F-G-H-I-J-K =20 weeks
  • 10. 1 2 3 A B 5 4 6 D C E 7 F G 8 9 10 H 11 J K 12 I (0,1) (1,2) (2,3) (8,10)(10,13) (13,14) (14,16) (16,17) (17,19) (19,20) (8,10) (2,8) Dummy Activity PERT- FORWARD PASS METHOD
  • 11. 1 2 3 A B 5 4 6 D C E 7 F G 8 9 10 H 11 J K 12 I (0,1) (1,2) (7,8) (8,10)(10,13) (13,14) (14,16) (16,17) (17,19) (19,20) (8,10) (2,8) Dummy Activity PERT- BACKWARD PASS METHOD
  • 12. 1 2 3 A B 5 4 6 D C E 7 F G 8 9 10 H 11 J K 12 I (1) (1) (1) (2)(3) (1) (2) (1) (2) (1) (2) (6) Dummy Activity CRITICAL PATH
  • 14. Permissions/Clearances Accredited by State Load Dispatch Centre (SLDC) for REC mechanism
  • 15. Land purchase Power Evacuation arrangement permission letter from Gov. Confirmation of MeteringArrangement and location Meter type, Manufacture, Model, Details for Energy Metering Copy of PPA (important as Preferential PPA projects are not eligible for REC) Proposed Model and make of plant equipment Taking for compliance with the usage of fossil fuel criteria as specified by MNRE Details of Connectivity with Gov. Grid Connectivity Diagram and Single Line Diagram of Plant Any other documents requested by State Gov. Agreements
  • 17. Cost objectives  PerWatt Rs.35 - 50  Per MW Rs.3.5 - 4.0 Crore  Per MW 4.5 - 5.0 Acre  Per Acre Rs.25-40 Lakhs  O&M Cost Rs.15 Lakhs/MW/Year  Insurance 0.5% per year  AD Benefit 4.21% per year  Escalation Charges 2% every year
  • 18. Year Loss Generation EB Tariff Amount 1 0.0066 11970000.0 7.00 83790000.0 2 0.0066 11890998.0 7.14 84901725.7 3 0.0066 11812517.4 7.28 86028201.8 4 0.0066 11734554.8 7.43 87169624.0 5 0.0066 11657106.7 7.58 88326190.6 6 0.0066 11580169.8 7.73 89498102.5 7 0.0066 11503740.7 7.88 90685563.3 8 0.0066 11427816.0 8.04 91888779.3 9 0.0066 11352392.4 8.20 93107959.7 10 0.0066 11277466.6 8.37 94343316.1 11 0.0066 11203035.4 8.53 95595063.2 12 0.0066 11129095.3 8.70 96863418.5 13 0.0066 11055643.3 8.88 98148602.3 14 0.0066 10982676.1 9.06 99450838.0 15 0.0066 10910190.4 9.24 100770351.7 16 0.0066 10838183.1 9.42 102107372.7 17 0.0066 10766651.1 9.61 103462133.4 18 0.0066 10695591.2 9.80 104834868.9 19 0.0066 10625000.3 10.00 106225818.0 20 0.0066 10554875.3 10.20 107635222.1 Year 20 years Gen Units Tariff 2% Es Amt Rs
  • 19. Payback Period 7Years -ve Then +ve Net Amount Gen.Amount-Total Expenses Year Capital Cost -552000000 Cash Flow 1 -ve -486960000.00 2 -ve -420808274.28 3 -ve -353530072.46 4 -ve -285110448.46 5 -ve -215534257.89 6 -ve -144786155.43 7 -ve -72850592.14 8 +ve 288187.20 9 +ve 74646146.87 10 +ve 150239462.95 11 +ve 227084526.14 12 +ve 305197944.64 13 +ve 384596546.97 14 +ve 465297384.95 15 +ve 547317736.65 16 +ve 630675109.38 17 +ve 715387242.74 18 +ve 801472111.67 19 +ve 888947929.65 20 +ve 977833151.78
  • 20. -₹ 0.60 -₹ 0.40 -₹ 0.20 ₹ 0.00 ₹ 0.20 ₹ 0.40 ₹ 0.60 ₹ 0.80 ₹ 1.00 ₹ 1.20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 CAPITALCOST-INBILLIONS Payback Period -₹ 552,000,000.00 -₹ 552,000,000.00 Cash Flow
  • 21. Levelized Cost of energy 10 years 15 years 20 years Total Cost 739,500,000.00 739,500,000.00 833,250,000.00 927,000,000.00 Total Gen 116,206,762.60 116,206,762.60 171,487,403.06 224,967,704.22 Rs./unit ₹ 6.36 ₹ 4.86 ₹ 4.12
  • 22. ₹ 0.0 ₹ 1.0 ₹ 2.0 ₹ 3.0 ₹ 4.0 ₹ 5.0 ₹ 6.0 ₹ 7.0 ₹ 6.36 ₹ 4.86 ₹ 4.12 PERUNITCOST NO.OFYEARS LEVELIZED COST OF ENERGY 10 years 15 years 20 years
  • 23. Bank loans for Solar PV Plant setup 2 kinds of Financing mechanisms Recourse Financing Non-Recourse Financing Loan could be in the range of 40-60% project cost
  • 24. CDM & REC Benefits  REC Mechanism and CDM are mutually exclusive and hence a power developer can claim CDM benefits (Carbon Credits) also.  REC Principal Regulations, there is no lower limit for Solar Power plants to be eligible for RECs. Though it previously stated that 250 KW is the minimum size for plants to be eligible for RECs, the same has been removed as part of the above stated amendment.
  • 25. No Subsidy Central Government through MNRE  For systems Upto 100 kWp in size, Upto 15% subsidy can be availed with the help of MNRE-empanelled channel partners. Solar Energy Corporation of India  For systems of sizes 100 kWp-500 kWp, subsidy can be availed through Solar Energy Corporation of India.
  • 28. Details  Plant Capacity 10 MW  Solar radiation 4-7 kWh/m2/day  Hrs of operation/Day 5-7 Hrs  Plant working days 300 Days  Ave.annual Production 12.6 M.U (10*6*300 MWhr)  Inverter Central Inverter  Inside Losses 5 % from generation Also calculate the Number of sunny days, DayTemperatures,Air Mass….etc
  • 29. Site Assessment  Prepare Plant Layout Surveying & Now using Google Earth with ArcGIS  Latitude 90-310  Area of plant No's of modules (55 Acres)  Available shadow area Waste land - Ground  SoilType All Coarse / Fine Soils used  Foundation 100 mm thickness
  • 30. 250 Wp - Panel Specifications  Solar Panel Watt Peak 235 W  ModuleType Standard  Technology Mono crystalline  Mounting Disposition Ground - Tilted  Open circuit voltage 37V  Short circuit current 8.6 A  Max.Power voltage 30V  Max.Power current 7.84 A
  • 31. 250 Wp - Panel
  • 32. Design Calculation Total Plant Size - 10 MW Individual Sections - 500 kW * 20 Sets No.of DC Cabinet - 560V * 20 Sets No.of AC Cabinet - 380V * 20 Sets No.of Inverters - 500 kVA * 20 Sets No.of Junction Boxes - 560W * 320 Sets Monitoring Devices - 1 Set Protection Devices - 1 Set Infrastructure - As required
  • 33. Each 500 kW Set PV Arrays - 16 Sets Mounting Structure - 16 Sets DC Junction Box (560W) - 16 Sets DC Cabinet (560V) - 1 Set Inverter (500 kVA) - 1 Set AC Distribution Cabinet - 1 Set 15 PV Arrays - Has 8 Rows Last PV Array - Has 5 Rows Each Row - Has 16 Modules Net Panels (500 kW) - (8*16) + (5*16) = 2000 Panels Like 20 Sets (10 MW) - 20*2000 = 40000 Panels PV Array – 16
  • 34. 500 kW - Design layout PV Array 1 DCDistributionBox ACDistributionBox Inverter Junction Box 1PV Array 1 Junction Box 2PV Array 2 Junction Box 3PV Array 3 Junction Box 4PV Array 4 Junction Box 5PV Array 5 Junction Box 6PV Array 6 Junction Box 7PV Array 7 Junction Box 8PV Array 8 Junction Box 9PV Array 9 Junction Box 10PV Array 10 Junction Box 11PV Array 11 Junction Box 12PV Array 12 Junction Box 13PV Array 13 Junction Box 14PV Array 14 Junction Box 15PV Array 15 Junction Box 16PV Array 16
  • 35. 10 MW Design layout DISTRIBUTION BOARD
  • 36. ₹ 0.00 ₹ 20.00 ₹ 40.00 ₹ 60.00 ₹ 80.00 ₹ 100.00 ₹ 120.00 9,500,000 10,000,000 10,500,000 11,000,000 11,500,000 12,000,000 12,500,000 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 AMOUNT-INMILLIONS GENERATEDUNITS NO.OFYEARS SOLAR PV PLANT Generation Amount
  • 37. Amount of ele.pro/year 12600000 Units CER 12600 Units 1 CER 1 Ton of Co2 1 CER 0.4 Euro 1 Euro 72 Rupees Total CER (Euro) 5040 Euro Total Value/Annum ₹ 362,880.00 Rupees For 15 Years ₹ 5,443,200.00 Rupees CER Calculation
  • 39. Success Factors For Output  Plant Location  Quality of equipment used  SolarTracking systems  O&M activities For Project  Satisfied clients  Met project objectives  Completed within budget  Delivered on time
  • 40. Our Project Pathway Proposal • November 6 Permission • November 13 Financial • November 20 Report • Today
  • 41. Appendix  Tamilnadu Energy Development Agency (TEDA) Website  Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE)Website  Solar PV Systems – Chetan Singh Solanki  Solar Electricity – Michel Boxwell