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21/03/2024
PROJECT FOR THE PRODUCTION OF ELECTRICITY
The aim of this project is to generate electric power using a device (O.D.) made of a
container, a crankshaft, a liquid pump, vacuum pump, and units which have a function
similar to that of a piston, any fluid can be used which is most appropriate, maybe a low
viscosity oil.
DESCRIPTION:
The container is divided into compartments, in this example there are 8 but it can be more.
One set of compartments are filled with liquid, the others are partially filled with liquid but
contain also vacuum in the upper part.
The number of units can be any, in this example there are 4, they are positioned on the top of
the container. Each unit has a piston which is linked to the crankshaft through a connecting
rod, their function is to move the crankshaft, which causes the rotation of a rod linked to a
power generator producing electricity which is transferred to a battery.
When a piston moves upwards it causes the liquid to pass inside the unit from the
compartment at the back.
The downward movement of each piston is a consequence of the action of the vacuum
contained in the compartment in front of the unit, the pressure exerted by the air outside the
container moves the liquid present inside the unit into the compartment containing the
vacuum. This pressure causes also the upward movement of the other pistons.
The movement of the crankshaft can be also assisted by a motor (motor A in the images)
which keeps a constant speed.
The passage of the liquid in and out of each unit is allowed by means of a shaft which has a
hollow space and is located at the base of each unit, this shaft is connected to a gear which in
turn is connected to a synchronous belt which is moved by a motor (motor B in the images),
which rotates in alternating sequence in opposite directions, so that each time the belt moves
it causes the rotation of these shafts by 90 degrees first in one direction then in the opposite;
the time between one rotation and the other equals to the time that the piston takes to
complete one upward or downward movement. When half of the pistons move upwards the
other half move downwards.
When a piston is moving upwards the hollow space of the shaft is facing the compartment at
the back of each unit and the liquid flows inside it and in the unit; and when the piston is
moving downwards the hollow space of this shaft faces the compartment containing vacuum,
in front of the unit.
To prevent the liquid to completely fill also the compartment containing the vacuum a pump
moves the liquid from these compartments to those at the back of the units (in the example
shown specifically from compartment 1 to compartment 2, 3 to 4, 5 to 6 and from 7 to 8).
A second pump is also used to form the vacuum inside the compartments.
(1)
motor A crankshaft motor B power generator
vacuum pump units liquid pump
(2)
battery tubes for liquid flow tubes connected to vacuum pump
Inside of the device
(3)
Compartments from 1 to 8
Tubes used to make vacuum inside compartments 1,3,5, and 7
Vacuum
(4)
Components of each unit:
(5)
crankshaft hollow shaft gear Bearings
connecting rod
The space in which each piston moves is delimited by an external case which can be made of
the container itself.
(6)
(7)
Position of the hollow space when the liquid is moving inside it;
and when the piston is moving the liquid to the compartment in front.
The following images show the movement of each piston.
(8)
Piston is moving upwards, and the fluid is passing through the shaft inside the unit.
Piston is moving downwards, and the fluid is passing through the shaft into the compartment
with vacuum.
(9)
The following images show details of the device and the position of the shaft at the base of
each unit during the transfer of the liquid.
support used for the belt synchronous belt
Rotation of the shaft at the base of the units when the fluid is passing through the shaft into
the unit.
Rotation of the shaft when the fluid is passing through the shaft into the compartment with
vacuum.
Details of motor B and its connection to the belt
Gear which connects the motor to the belt

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Project for the production of electricity.docx

  • 1. 21/03/2024 PROJECT FOR THE PRODUCTION OF ELECTRICITY The aim of this project is to generate electric power using a device (O.D.) made of a container, a crankshaft, a liquid pump, vacuum pump, and units which have a function similar to that of a piston, any fluid can be used which is most appropriate, maybe a low viscosity oil. DESCRIPTION: The container is divided into compartments, in this example there are 8 but it can be more. One set of compartments are filled with liquid, the others are partially filled with liquid but contain also vacuum in the upper part. The number of units can be any, in this example there are 4, they are positioned on the top of the container. Each unit has a piston which is linked to the crankshaft through a connecting rod, their function is to move the crankshaft, which causes the rotation of a rod linked to a power generator producing electricity which is transferred to a battery. When a piston moves upwards it causes the liquid to pass inside the unit from the compartment at the back. The downward movement of each piston is a consequence of the action of the vacuum contained in the compartment in front of the unit, the pressure exerted by the air outside the container moves the liquid present inside the unit into the compartment containing the vacuum. This pressure causes also the upward movement of the other pistons. The movement of the crankshaft can be also assisted by a motor (motor A in the images) which keeps a constant speed. The passage of the liquid in and out of each unit is allowed by means of a shaft which has a hollow space and is located at the base of each unit, this shaft is connected to a gear which in turn is connected to a synchronous belt which is moved by a motor (motor B in the images), which rotates in alternating sequence in opposite directions, so that each time the belt moves it causes the rotation of these shafts by 90 degrees first in one direction then in the opposite; the time between one rotation and the other equals to the time that the piston takes to complete one upward or downward movement. When half of the pistons move upwards the other half move downwards.
  • 2. When a piston is moving upwards the hollow space of the shaft is facing the compartment at the back of each unit and the liquid flows inside it and in the unit; and when the piston is moving downwards the hollow space of this shaft faces the compartment containing vacuum, in front of the unit. To prevent the liquid to completely fill also the compartment containing the vacuum a pump moves the liquid from these compartments to those at the back of the units (in the example shown specifically from compartment 1 to compartment 2, 3 to 4, 5 to 6 and from 7 to 8). A second pump is also used to form the vacuum inside the compartments. (1) motor A crankshaft motor B power generator vacuum pump units liquid pump (2) battery tubes for liquid flow tubes connected to vacuum pump
  • 3. Inside of the device (3) Compartments from 1 to 8 Tubes used to make vacuum inside compartments 1,3,5, and 7 Vacuum
  • 4. (4) Components of each unit: (5) crankshaft hollow shaft gear Bearings connecting rod
  • 5. The space in which each piston moves is delimited by an external case which can be made of the container itself. (6) (7) Position of the hollow space when the liquid is moving inside it; and when the piston is moving the liquid to the compartment in front.
  • 6. The following images show the movement of each piston. (8) Piston is moving upwards, and the fluid is passing through the shaft inside the unit. Piston is moving downwards, and the fluid is passing through the shaft into the compartment with vacuum. (9) The following images show details of the device and the position of the shaft at the base of each unit during the transfer of the liquid.
  • 7. support used for the belt synchronous belt
  • 8. Rotation of the shaft at the base of the units when the fluid is passing through the shaft into the unit. Rotation of the shaft when the fluid is passing through the shaft into the compartment with vacuum.
  • 9. Details of motor B and its connection to the belt
  • 10.
  • 11. Gear which connects the motor to the belt