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HERBAL DRUG TECHNOLOGY
NUTRACEUTICALS
DIFFERENT HERBS AS HEALTH FOODS
• ALFALFA
• CHICORY
PREPARED BY
PRINCE PAULRAJ W
CONTENTS
NUTRACEUTICALS
• ALFALFA– INTRODUCTION
• PLANT BIOLOGY
• CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS
• NUTRACEUTICAL AVAILABILITY
• APPLICATIONS
• CHICORY – INTRODUCTION
• PLANT BIOLOGY
• CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS
• NUTRACEUTICAL AVAILABILITY
• APPLICATIONS
• REFERENCE
NUTRACEUTICALS
• The term nutraceutical was introduced in 1989 by American medical doctor
Stephen L. DeFelice.
• Nutraceutical is sometimes used interchangeably with the terms functional food
and dietary supplement, though there are distinctions.
• Functional foods are foods normally consumed in the diet that have scientifically
assessed health benefits.
• Dietary supplements are ingestible preparations purposefully added to the diet to
benefit health but are not necessarily derived from foods.
• For example, beta-carotene occurs naturally in fruits, vegetables, and grains but is
also manufactured and sold as a dietary supplement and as a nutraceutical.
ALFALFA
ALFALFA
INTRODUCTION
Alfalfa, (Medicago sativa), perennial,
clover-like, leguminous plant of the pea
family (Fabaceae), widely grown
primarily for hay, pasturage, and silage.
Alfalfa is known for its tolerance of
drought, heat, and cold and for the
remarkable productivity and quality of
its herbage. ALFALFA
PLANT BIOLOGY
• SYNONYM: Wilayati gawuth, lusan
• BIOLOGICAL SOURCE: It is derived from the dried
seeds & whole flowering plant of Medicago sativa
• FAMILY: Leguminosae
• CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS: Carotenoids,
Triterpenoid ,saponin (medicagenic acid),
isoflavonoid (genistein, daidzein),L-canavaine,
betaine, trigonelline.
ALFALFA
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS
Saponin
NUTRACEUTICAL AVAILABILITY
• Rich source of calcium, potassium, phosphorous, iron, and vitamins A, C, E, and K.
• Lower cholesterol due to presence of saponins. Prevents cholesterol absorption in the
stomach.
• Lower blood pressure, act as a diuretic.
• Increase breast milk production.
• Assist digestion and Improves bowel movements.
• Promotes Menstruation and Lactation.
• • It is used in diabetes, indigestion, Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis.
APPLICATION
• Its primary use is as feed for high-producing dairy cows.
• Because of its high protein content and highly digestible fiber, and secondarily for
beef cattle, horses, sheep, and goats.
• Alfalfa hay is a widely used protein and fiber source for meat rabbits.
• In humans, it’s often eaten as a garnish, and seems to prevent cholesterol
absorption in the stomach.
• It has long been utilized in homeopathic and ayurveda remedies to treat digestive
and nervous system diseases.
MARKETED PRODUCTS
ALFALFA ALFALFA POWDER,
CAPSULE & TABLET
ALFALFA
TONIC
CHICORY
CHICORY
INTRODUCTION:
Common chicory (Cichorium intybus)is a somewhat woody,
perennial herbaceous plant of the family Asteraceae, usually
with bright blue flowers, rarely white or pink. Native to the
Old World, it has been introduced to the Americas and
Australia.
CHICORY
PLANT BIOLOGY
• SYNONYMS: Wild chicory , Succory , Blue sailor.
• BIOLOGICAL SOURCE: It is obtained from the dried roots and
areal parts of Cichorium intibus L.
• FAMILY: Asteraceae/Compositae.
• GEOGRAPHICAL SOURCE: Chicory is native to western Asia,
North Africa, and Europe.
• CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS: Inulin (starch-like polysaccharide),
coumarins, flavonoids, sesquiterpene lactones (lactucin and
lactucopicrin), tannins, alkaloids, vitamins, minerals, and volatile
oils
CHICORY
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS
NUTRACEUTICAL AVAILABILITY
• Chicory intybus is grown for the production of inulin on an industrial scale.
• Chicory is used as a heart, digestive, stomach, and liver tonic, as well as a diuretic and
anti-inflammatory agent.
• Apetite stimulant.
• Paste of chicory leaves directly apply to the skin for swelling and inflammation.
• Chicory is used for loss of appetite, upset stomach, constipation, liver and gallbladder
disorders, cancer and rapid heartbeat.
• It is used as antioxidant, cytoprotective, and antiproliferative activities.
APPLICATIONS
• Chicory root has a mild laxative effect and decreases swelling.
• Chicory is also a rich source of beta-carotene.
• Chicory root is typically roasted, ground and used as either an additive to foods
or a coffee alternative.
• Raw chicory leaves are excellent eaten fresh, drizzled with a little vinaigrette, or
stir-fried and served as a vegetable side dish.
MARKETED PRODUCTS
CHICORY ROOT CHICORY LEAF CHICORY ROOT
REFERENCE
• W.J. Fulkerson, ... D.E. Hume, in Encyclopedia of Dairy Sciences (Second Edition), 2011
• Srushti Tambe, ... Jorddy N. Cruz, in Nutraceuticals, 2023
• Ifeoma Chinyelu Nwafor et al. ScientificWorldJournal. 2017
• De Leenheer, L. (1996). “Production and use of inulin: Industrial reality with a promising future,” in
Carbohydrates as organic raw materilas III. Editors H. Van Bekkum, H. W. W. Roper, and A. G. J. Voragen
(Weinheim: VCN), 67–92.
• FAOStat (2017). Food and agriculture orgnization of the united nations database, chicory root
production area and yield in 2017.
• Cane, J. H. (2002). Pollinating bees (Hymenoptera: Apiformes) of US alfalfa compared for rates of pod
and seed set. J. Econ. Entomol. 95, 22–27. doi: 10.1603/0022-0493-95.1.22
• https://www.horiba.com/gbr/scientific/applications/pharmaceutical/pages/nutraceutical-particle-
characterization/
• De Leenheer, L. (1996). “Production and use of inulin: Industrial reality with a
promising future,” in Carbohydrates as organic raw materilas III. Editors H. Van
Bekkum, H. W. W. Roper, and A. G. J. Voragen (Weinheim: VCN), 67–92.
• FAOStat (2017). Food and agriculture orgnization of the united nations database,
chicory root production area and yield in 2017. Available at:
https://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QCL.
• Cane, J. H. (2002). Pollinating bees (Hymenoptera: Apiformes) of US alfalfa compared
for rates of pod and seed set. J. Econ. Entomol. 95, 22–27. doi: 10.1603/0022-0493-
95.1.22
• https://www.horiba.com/gbr/scientific/applications/pharmaceutical/pages/nutraceutic
al-particle-characterization/

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Prince Paulraj W HERBAL DRUG TECHNO.pptx

  • 1. HERBAL DRUG TECHNOLOGY NUTRACEUTICALS DIFFERENT HERBS AS HEALTH FOODS • ALFALFA • CHICORY PREPARED BY PRINCE PAULRAJ W
  • 2. CONTENTS NUTRACEUTICALS • ALFALFA– INTRODUCTION • PLANT BIOLOGY • CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS • NUTRACEUTICAL AVAILABILITY • APPLICATIONS
  • 3. • CHICORY – INTRODUCTION • PLANT BIOLOGY • CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS • NUTRACEUTICAL AVAILABILITY • APPLICATIONS • REFERENCE
  • 4. NUTRACEUTICALS • The term nutraceutical was introduced in 1989 by American medical doctor Stephen L. DeFelice. • Nutraceutical is sometimes used interchangeably with the terms functional food and dietary supplement, though there are distinctions. • Functional foods are foods normally consumed in the diet that have scientifically assessed health benefits. • Dietary supplements are ingestible preparations purposefully added to the diet to benefit health but are not necessarily derived from foods. • For example, beta-carotene occurs naturally in fruits, vegetables, and grains but is also manufactured and sold as a dietary supplement and as a nutraceutical.
  • 6. ALFALFA INTRODUCTION Alfalfa, (Medicago sativa), perennial, clover-like, leguminous plant of the pea family (Fabaceae), widely grown primarily for hay, pasturage, and silage. Alfalfa is known for its tolerance of drought, heat, and cold and for the remarkable productivity and quality of its herbage. ALFALFA
  • 7. PLANT BIOLOGY • SYNONYM: Wilayati gawuth, lusan • BIOLOGICAL SOURCE: It is derived from the dried seeds & whole flowering plant of Medicago sativa • FAMILY: Leguminosae • CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS: Carotenoids, Triterpenoid ,saponin (medicagenic acid), isoflavonoid (genistein, daidzein),L-canavaine, betaine, trigonelline. ALFALFA
  • 9. NUTRACEUTICAL AVAILABILITY • Rich source of calcium, potassium, phosphorous, iron, and vitamins A, C, E, and K. • Lower cholesterol due to presence of saponins. Prevents cholesterol absorption in the stomach. • Lower blood pressure, act as a diuretic. • Increase breast milk production. • Assist digestion and Improves bowel movements. • Promotes Menstruation and Lactation. • • It is used in diabetes, indigestion, Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis.
  • 10. APPLICATION • Its primary use is as feed for high-producing dairy cows. • Because of its high protein content and highly digestible fiber, and secondarily for beef cattle, horses, sheep, and goats. • Alfalfa hay is a widely used protein and fiber source for meat rabbits. • In humans, it’s often eaten as a garnish, and seems to prevent cholesterol absorption in the stomach. • It has long been utilized in homeopathic and ayurveda remedies to treat digestive and nervous system diseases.
  • 11. MARKETED PRODUCTS ALFALFA ALFALFA POWDER, CAPSULE & TABLET ALFALFA TONIC
  • 13. CHICORY INTRODUCTION: Common chicory (Cichorium intybus)is a somewhat woody, perennial herbaceous plant of the family Asteraceae, usually with bright blue flowers, rarely white or pink. Native to the Old World, it has been introduced to the Americas and Australia. CHICORY
  • 14. PLANT BIOLOGY • SYNONYMS: Wild chicory , Succory , Blue sailor. • BIOLOGICAL SOURCE: It is obtained from the dried roots and areal parts of Cichorium intibus L. • FAMILY: Asteraceae/Compositae. • GEOGRAPHICAL SOURCE: Chicory is native to western Asia, North Africa, and Europe. • CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS: Inulin (starch-like polysaccharide), coumarins, flavonoids, sesquiterpene lactones (lactucin and lactucopicrin), tannins, alkaloids, vitamins, minerals, and volatile oils CHICORY
  • 16. NUTRACEUTICAL AVAILABILITY • Chicory intybus is grown for the production of inulin on an industrial scale. • Chicory is used as a heart, digestive, stomach, and liver tonic, as well as a diuretic and anti-inflammatory agent. • Apetite stimulant. • Paste of chicory leaves directly apply to the skin for swelling and inflammation. • Chicory is used for loss of appetite, upset stomach, constipation, liver and gallbladder disorders, cancer and rapid heartbeat. • It is used as antioxidant, cytoprotective, and antiproliferative activities.
  • 17. APPLICATIONS • Chicory root has a mild laxative effect and decreases swelling. • Chicory is also a rich source of beta-carotene. • Chicory root is typically roasted, ground and used as either an additive to foods or a coffee alternative. • Raw chicory leaves are excellent eaten fresh, drizzled with a little vinaigrette, or stir-fried and served as a vegetable side dish.
  • 18. MARKETED PRODUCTS CHICORY ROOT CHICORY LEAF CHICORY ROOT
  • 19. REFERENCE • W.J. Fulkerson, ... D.E. Hume, in Encyclopedia of Dairy Sciences (Second Edition), 2011 • Srushti Tambe, ... Jorddy N. Cruz, in Nutraceuticals, 2023 • Ifeoma Chinyelu Nwafor et al. ScientificWorldJournal. 2017 • De Leenheer, L. (1996). “Production and use of inulin: Industrial reality with a promising future,” in Carbohydrates as organic raw materilas III. Editors H. Van Bekkum, H. W. W. Roper, and A. G. J. Voragen (Weinheim: VCN), 67–92. • FAOStat (2017). Food and agriculture orgnization of the united nations database, chicory root production area and yield in 2017. • Cane, J. H. (2002). Pollinating bees (Hymenoptera: Apiformes) of US alfalfa compared for rates of pod and seed set. J. Econ. Entomol. 95, 22–27. doi: 10.1603/0022-0493-95.1.22 • https://www.horiba.com/gbr/scientific/applications/pharmaceutical/pages/nutraceutical-particle- characterization/
  • 20. • De Leenheer, L. (1996). “Production and use of inulin: Industrial reality with a promising future,” in Carbohydrates as organic raw materilas III. Editors H. Van Bekkum, H. W. W. Roper, and A. G. J. Voragen (Weinheim: VCN), 67–92. • FAOStat (2017). Food and agriculture orgnization of the united nations database, chicory root production area and yield in 2017. Available at: https://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QCL. • Cane, J. H. (2002). Pollinating bees (Hymenoptera: Apiformes) of US alfalfa compared for rates of pod and seed set. J. Econ. Entomol. 95, 22–27. doi: 10.1603/0022-0493- 95.1.22 • https://www.horiba.com/gbr/scientific/applications/pharmaceutical/pages/nutraceutic al-particle-characterization/