SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 15
Previously Unknown
Film Analysis
Terminology
Camera Shots,
Angles and
Movements
Arial Shots
Aerial shots are often filmed from cranes or
helicopters to show large landscapes, much
like establishing shots, but from the air.
These are usually used to show buildings in
action movies, such as the bank robbery
scene at the start of The Dark Knight.
Canted Angle Shots:
This is a type of shot where the camera is
tilted one way to create lines that are at an
angle to the side of the frame. An example of
this is during the hotel fight scene in
Inception; the walls are at a 45 degree angle
to the side of the frame.
Editing
Eyeline Match
This is an editing practice to ensure continuity
within the film when characters are looking at
an object, character or landscape outside of
the frame they’re in. Essentially, it makes
sure that the character’s line of sight goes to
what they are meant to be looking at, not
lower or higher. This is seen many times in
LotR, when Frodo looks out towards the Eye
of Sauron
Graphic Match
Graphic match is an editing technique used to
transition seamlessly between two shots that
metaphorically link. This was done in
Hitchcock’s Psycho in the shower murder
scene to transition between the drain and the
victim’s eye, and in 2001: A Space Odyssey
when transitioning between a bone in the sky
and an ‘orbital nuclear weapons platform’.
Action Match
An action match occurs when two shots
showing two different perspectives of action
are filmed apart from each other but edited to
look like they are happening sequentially. In
Hot Fuzz, the shot of Danny licking his lips
could have been shot days apart from the
shot of him breaking the fence but edited to
suggest it happened one after the other.
Parallel Editing
Parallel editing is a technique used to imply
that two characters are in the same situation
without having to show both characters in the
frame at the same time, making the scene
more engaging. For example, during the
chase scene in The Dark Knight Rises,
Batman and the convoy of police cars are
often separately shot, but it is still clear that
the police are chasing Batman.
Superimposition
Superimposition is where two shots/images
are overlaid. This shows a link between these
two shots, giving the scene greater meaning
and allowing more detail to be shown in a
single shot. A good example of this is seen in
the Hangover while Alan gambles. The
superimposition of mathematical formulae
onto the shot shows his intelligence during
this time.
Sound
Synchronous / Asynchronous Sound
Synchronous sound is that which matches
what is happening within the frame, whereas
asynchronous sound is that which is relevant
to something happening out of frame. For
example, footsteps match someone walking
would be synchronous because it is
synchronised with the action on screen, but
the sound of police sirens being played whilst
the frame shows bank robbers and not a
police car would be asynchronous.
Direct Address
When a character directly speaks to another
character, this is direct address. Often the
character doing the addressing will use the
other character’s name, or some such phrase
much like “my friend” to initiate the direct
address.
Incidental Music
Incidental music is essentially background
music that adds atmosphere to what is
happening on screen. If a murder has just
been revealed, the incidental music might be
a high pitched, sharp noise. It suspense is
being built, the incidental music might be a
long, middle-pitched droning sound.
Stings
A sting is a short piece of music that
introduces something that regularly occurs.
For example, the background music during
the title sequence for various film companies
such as Universal would be a sting.

More Related Content

What's hot

Analysis of editing in a horror trailer
Analysis of editing in a horror trailerAnalysis of editing in a horror trailer
Analysis of editing in a horror trailerChloe9297
 
Editing and Camera Shots
Editing and Camera Shots Editing and Camera Shots
Editing and Camera Shots Starkid1505
 
Analysis Of Misery Finished (Narrative Left)
Analysis Of Misery Finished (Narrative Left)Analysis Of Misery Finished (Narrative Left)
Analysis Of Misery Finished (Narrative Left)Zara31
 
Analysis Of Opening Techniques Misery
Analysis Of Opening Techniques   MiseryAnalysis Of Opening Techniques   Misery
Analysis Of Opening Techniques MiseryLeon Thomas
 
Unit 21 learning aim A
Unit 21 learning aim AUnit 21 learning aim A
Unit 21 learning aim AAlexiaTaylor6
 
Story board
Story boardStory board
Story boardjayali08
 
Video Editing Basics
Video Editing BasicsVideo Editing Basics
Video Editing BasicsKevin Duggan
 
World war z trailer
World war z trailerWorld war z trailer
World war z trailerjhmaiden
 
Official story board
Official story boardOfficial story board
Official story boardjayali08
 
Camera shots
Camera shotsCamera shots
Camera shotssophiaxox
 
Conclution
Conclution Conclution
Conclution pinsentf
 
Official story board
Official story board Official story board
Official story board TheFuMaster
 
Technical codes and narrative structure of our trailer
Technical codes and narrative structure of our trailerTechnical codes and narrative structure of our trailer
Technical codes and narrative structure of our trailermrcaptainpanda
 
The dark knight rises analysis
The dark knight rises analysisThe dark knight rises analysis
The dark knight rises analysismariamibrahim123
 
Video editing-intruction
Video editing-intructionVideo editing-intruction
Video editing-intructionKeyem Thomez
 

What's hot (18)

Analysis of editing in a horror trailer
Analysis of editing in a horror trailerAnalysis of editing in a horror trailer
Analysis of editing in a horror trailer
 
Editing and Camera Shots
Editing and Camera Shots Editing and Camera Shots
Editing and Camera Shots
 
Camera Analysis
Camera Analysis Camera Analysis
Camera Analysis
 
Analysis Of Misery Finished (Narrative Left)
Analysis Of Misery Finished (Narrative Left)Analysis Of Misery Finished (Narrative Left)
Analysis Of Misery Finished (Narrative Left)
 
Analysis Of Opening Techniques Misery
Analysis Of Opening Techniques   MiseryAnalysis Of Opening Techniques   Misery
Analysis Of Opening Techniques Misery
 
Unit 21 learning aim A
Unit 21 learning aim AUnit 21 learning aim A
Unit 21 learning aim A
 
Story board
Story boardStory board
Story board
 
Video Editing Basics
Video Editing BasicsVideo Editing Basics
Video Editing Basics
 
World war z trailer
World war z trailerWorld war z trailer
World war z trailer
 
Official story board
Official story boardOfficial story board
Official story board
 
Evaluation 1media
Evaluation 1mediaEvaluation 1media
Evaluation 1media
 
mediatrailerevaluation
mediatrailerevaluationmediatrailerevaluation
mediatrailerevaluation
 
Camera shots
Camera shotsCamera shots
Camera shots
 
Conclution
Conclution Conclution
Conclution
 
Official story board
Official story board Official story board
Official story board
 
Technical codes and narrative structure of our trailer
Technical codes and narrative structure of our trailerTechnical codes and narrative structure of our trailer
Technical codes and narrative structure of our trailer
 
The dark knight rises analysis
The dark knight rises analysisThe dark knight rises analysis
The dark knight rises analysis
 
Video editing-intruction
Video editing-intructionVideo editing-intruction
Video editing-intruction
 

Similar to Film Analysis Terminology Guide

Analysis Of Opening Techniques The Shining
Analysis Of Opening Techniques  The ShiningAnalysis Of Opening Techniques  The Shining
Analysis Of Opening Techniques The ShiningLeon Thomas
 
Micro elements
Micro elements Micro elements
Micro elements LOTRadam
 
Analysis Of Neo Noir Trailer - Zodiac
Analysis Of Neo Noir Trailer - ZodiacAnalysis Of Neo Noir Trailer - Zodiac
Analysis Of Neo Noir Trailer - ZodiacTMGBD
 
Understanding micro elements in film openings
Understanding micro elements in film openingsUnderstanding micro elements in film openings
Understanding micro elements in film openingsFarida Islam
 
Film appreciation
Film appreciationFilm appreciation
Film appreciationkrober4
 
District 9
District 9District 9
District 9Cissnei
 
Untitled presentation
Untitled presentationUntitled presentation
Untitled presentationMo7rahm4n
 
Film trailer the dark knight screen shots
Film trailer the dark knight screen shotsFilm trailer the dark knight screen shots
Film trailer the dark knight screen shotsemzy_95
 
Analysis of Film Opening Sequences
Analysis of Film Opening SequencesAnalysis of Film Opening Sequences
Analysis of Film Opening Sequencessabrinabourhaba
 
Textual analysisfightclub
Textual analysisfightclubTextual analysisfightclub
Textual analysisfightclubPeterKirkman89
 
film as an art, authorship, and genres.ppt
film as an art, authorship, and genres.pptfilm as an art, authorship, and genres.ppt
film as an art, authorship, and genres.pptMrPi5
 
Micro elements
Micro elementsMicro elements
Micro elementskienanovo
 

Similar to Film Analysis Terminology Guide (20)

Analysis Of Opening Techniques The Shining
Analysis Of Opening Techniques  The ShiningAnalysis Of Opening Techniques  The Shining
Analysis Of Opening Techniques The Shining
 
Editing
Editing Editing
Editing
 
Trailer analysis
Trailer analysisTrailer analysis
Trailer analysis
 
Micro elements
Micro elements Micro elements
Micro elements
 
Edit c
Edit cEdit c
Edit c
 
Edit c
Edit cEdit c
Edit c
 
Analysis Of Neo Noir Trailer - Zodiac
Analysis Of Neo Noir Trailer - ZodiacAnalysis Of Neo Noir Trailer - Zodiac
Analysis Of Neo Noir Trailer - Zodiac
 
Understanding micro elements in film openings
Understanding micro elements in film openingsUnderstanding micro elements in film openings
Understanding micro elements in film openings
 
Film appreciation
Film appreciationFilm appreciation
Film appreciation
 
Edit czzzzzz
Edit czzzzzzEdit czzzzzz
Edit czzzzzz
 
District 9
District 9District 9
District 9
 
Untitled presentation
Untitled presentationUntitled presentation
Untitled presentation
 
Film trailer the dark knight screen shots
Film trailer the dark knight screen shotsFilm trailer the dark knight screen shots
Film trailer the dark knight screen shots
 
Analysis of Film Opening Sequences
Analysis of Film Opening SequencesAnalysis of Film Opening Sequences
Analysis of Film Opening Sequences
 
Textual analysisfightclub
Textual analysisfightclubTextual analysisfightclub
Textual analysisfightclub
 
film as an art, authorship, and genres.ppt
film as an art, authorship, and genres.pptfilm as an art, authorship, and genres.ppt
film as an art, authorship, and genres.ppt
 
Editing concepts
Editing concepts Editing concepts
Editing concepts
 
Editing concepts
Editing concepts Editing concepts
Editing concepts
 
Micro elements
Micro elementsMicro elements
Micro elements
 
Task 3
Task 3Task 3
Task 3
 

More from seanbicklemedia

Thriller Evaluation Question 5: How did you attract/address your target audie...
Thriller Evaluation Question 5: How did you attract/address your target audie...Thriller Evaluation Question 5: How did you attract/address your target audie...
Thriller Evaluation Question 5: How did you attract/address your target audie...seanbicklemedia
 
Thriller evaluation question 6 - technologies
Thriller evaluation question 6 - technologiesThriller evaluation question 6 - technologies
Thriller evaluation question 6 - technologiesseanbicklemedia
 
Selfish Giant movie information
Selfish Giant movie informationSelfish Giant movie information
Selfish Giant movie informationseanbicklemedia
 
Thriller Planning Locations
Thriller Planning LocationsThriller Planning Locations
Thriller Planning Locationsseanbicklemedia
 
Thriller Planning: Character characteristics and costume
Thriller Planning: Character characteristics and costumeThriller Planning: Character characteristics and costume
Thriller Planning: Character characteristics and costumeseanbicklemedia
 
Thriller Planning: Props
Thriller Planning: PropsThriller Planning: Props
Thriller Planning: Propsseanbicklemedia
 
Thriller planning: Sequence of events
Thriller planning: Sequence of eventsThriller planning: Sequence of events
Thriller planning: Sequence of eventsseanbicklemedia
 
Camera shots, angles and movements
Camera shots, angles and movementsCamera shots, angles and movements
Camera shots, angles and movementsseanbicklemedia
 
Dark knight rises opening scene analysis
Dark knight rises opening scene analysisDark knight rises opening scene analysis
Dark knight rises opening scene analysisseanbicklemedia
 
The Dark Knight movie poster analysis
The Dark Knight movie poster analysisThe Dark Knight movie poster analysis
The Dark Knight movie poster analysisseanbicklemedia
 

More from seanbicklemedia (13)

Thriller Evaluation Question 5: How did you attract/address your target audie...
Thriller Evaluation Question 5: How did you attract/address your target audie...Thriller Evaluation Question 5: How did you attract/address your target audie...
Thriller Evaluation Question 5: How did you attract/address your target audie...
 
Thriller evaluation question 6 - technologies
Thriller evaluation question 6 - technologiesThriller evaluation question 6 - technologies
Thriller evaluation question 6 - technologies
 
Selfish Giant movie information
Selfish Giant movie informationSelfish Giant movie information
Selfish Giant movie information
 
Thriller Planning Locations
Thriller Planning LocationsThriller Planning Locations
Thriller Planning Locations
 
Title fonts
Title fontsTitle fonts
Title fonts
 
Title fonts
Title fontsTitle fonts
Title fonts
 
Thriller Planning: Character characteristics and costume
Thriller Planning: Character characteristics and costumeThriller Planning: Character characteristics and costume
Thriller Planning: Character characteristics and costume
 
Thriller Planning: Props
Thriller Planning: PropsThriller Planning: Props
Thriller Planning: Props
 
Thriller planning: Sequence of events
Thriller planning: Sequence of eventsThriller planning: Sequence of events
Thriller planning: Sequence of events
 
Camera shots, angles and movements
Camera shots, angles and movementsCamera shots, angles and movements
Camera shots, angles and movements
 
Dark knight rises opening scene analysis
Dark knight rises opening scene analysisDark knight rises opening scene analysis
Dark knight rises opening scene analysis
 
Dave analysis
Dave analysisDave analysis
Dave analysis
 
The Dark Knight movie poster analysis
The Dark Knight movie poster analysisThe Dark Knight movie poster analysis
The Dark Knight movie poster analysis
 

Recently uploaded

Statement Of Intent - - Copy.documentfile
Statement Of Intent - - Copy.documentfileStatement Of Intent - - Copy.documentfile
Statement Of Intent - - Copy.documentfilef4ssvxpz62
 
Fight Scene Storyboard (Action/Adventure Animation)
Fight Scene Storyboard (Action/Adventure Animation)Fight Scene Storyboard (Action/Adventure Animation)
Fight Scene Storyboard (Action/Adventure Animation)finlaygoodall2
 
Aesthetic Design Inspiration by Slidesgo.pptx
Aesthetic Design Inspiration by Slidesgo.pptxAesthetic Design Inspiration by Slidesgo.pptx
Aesthetic Design Inspiration by Slidesgo.pptxsayemalkadripial4
 
Uk-NO1 Amil In Karachi Best Amil In Karachi Bangali Baba In Karachi Aamil In ...
Uk-NO1 Amil In Karachi Best Amil In Karachi Bangali Baba In Karachi Aamil In ...Uk-NO1 Amil In Karachi Best Amil In Karachi Bangali Baba In Karachi Aamil In ...
Uk-NO1 Amil In Karachi Best Amil In Karachi Bangali Baba In Karachi Aamil In ...Amil baba
 
Princess Jahan's Tuition Classes, a story for entertainment
Princess Jahan's Tuition Classes, a story for entertainmentPrincess Jahan's Tuition Classes, a story for entertainment
Princess Jahan's Tuition Classes, a story for entertainmentazuremorn
 
A Spotlight on Darla Leigh Pittman Rodgers: Aaron Rodgers' Mother
A Spotlight on Darla Leigh Pittman Rodgers: Aaron Rodgers' MotherA Spotlight on Darla Leigh Pittman Rodgers: Aaron Rodgers' Mother
A Spotlight on Darla Leigh Pittman Rodgers: Aaron Rodgers' Motherget joys
 
办理滑铁卢大学毕业证成绩单|购买加拿大文凭证书
办理滑铁卢大学毕业证成绩单|购买加拿大文凭证书办理滑铁卢大学毕业证成绩单|购买加拿大文凭证书
办理滑铁卢大学毕业证成绩单|购买加拿大文凭证书zdzoqco
 
ECOLUXE pre-ESPYS Ultimate Sports Lounge 2024
ECOLUXE pre-ESPYS Ultimate Sports Lounge 2024ECOLUXE pre-ESPYS Ultimate Sports Lounge 2024
ECOLUXE pre-ESPYS Ultimate Sports Lounge 2024Durkin Entertainment LLC
 
THE MEDIC, A STORY for entertainment.docx
THE MEDIC, A STORY for entertainment.docxTHE MEDIC, A STORY for entertainment.docx
THE MEDIC, A STORY for entertainment.docxazuremorn
 
NO1 Certified Black magic specialist,Expert in Pakistan Amil Baba kala ilam E...
NO1 Certified Black magic specialist,Expert in Pakistan Amil Baba kala ilam E...NO1 Certified Black magic specialist,Expert in Pakistan Amil Baba kala ilam E...
NO1 Certified Black magic specialist,Expert in Pakistan Amil Baba kala ilam E...Amil Baba Dawood bangali
 
What Life Would Be Like From A Different Perspective (saltyvixenstories.com)
What Life Would Be Like From A Different Perspective (saltyvixenstories.com)What Life Would Be Like From A Different Perspective (saltyvixenstories.com)
What Life Would Be Like From A Different Perspective (saltyvixenstories.com)Salty Vixen Stories & More
 
NO1 Certified kala ilam Expert In Peshwar Kala Jadu Specialist In Peshwar Kal...
NO1 Certified kala ilam Expert In Peshwar Kala Jadu Specialist In Peshwar Kal...NO1 Certified kala ilam Expert In Peshwar Kala Jadu Specialist In Peshwar Kal...
NO1 Certified kala ilam Expert In Peshwar Kala Jadu Specialist In Peshwar Kal...Amil Baba Dawood bangali
 
Biswanath Byam Samiti Open Quiz 2022 by Qui9 Grand Finale
Biswanath Byam Samiti Open Quiz 2022 by Qui9 Grand FinaleBiswanath Byam Samiti Open Quiz 2022 by Qui9 Grand Finale
Biswanath Byam Samiti Open Quiz 2022 by Qui9 Grand FinaleQui9 (Ultimate Quizzing)
 
Taken Pilot Episode Story pitch Document
Taken Pilot Episode Story pitch DocumentTaken Pilot Episode Story pitch Document
Taken Pilot Episode Story pitch Documentf4ssvxpz62
 
Zoom In Game for ice breaking in a training
Zoom In Game for ice breaking in a trainingZoom In Game for ice breaking in a training
Zoom In Game for ice breaking in a trainingRafik ABDI
 
Flying Avocado Cat Cryptocurrency Created, Coded, Generated and Named by Grok...
Flying Avocado Cat Cryptocurrency Created, Coded, Generated and Named by Grok...Flying Avocado Cat Cryptocurrency Created, Coded, Generated and Named by Grok...
Flying Avocado Cat Cryptocurrency Created, Coded, Generated and Named by Grok...TeslaStakeHolder
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Statement Of Intent - - Copy.documentfile
Statement Of Intent - - Copy.documentfileStatement Of Intent - - Copy.documentfile
Statement Of Intent - - Copy.documentfile
 
Fight Scene Storyboard (Action/Adventure Animation)
Fight Scene Storyboard (Action/Adventure Animation)Fight Scene Storyboard (Action/Adventure Animation)
Fight Scene Storyboard (Action/Adventure Animation)
 
Aesthetic Design Inspiration by Slidesgo.pptx
Aesthetic Design Inspiration by Slidesgo.pptxAesthetic Design Inspiration by Slidesgo.pptx
Aesthetic Design Inspiration by Slidesgo.pptx
 
Uk-NO1 Amil In Karachi Best Amil In Karachi Bangali Baba In Karachi Aamil In ...
Uk-NO1 Amil In Karachi Best Amil In Karachi Bangali Baba In Karachi Aamil In ...Uk-NO1 Amil In Karachi Best Amil In Karachi Bangali Baba In Karachi Aamil In ...
Uk-NO1 Amil In Karachi Best Amil In Karachi Bangali Baba In Karachi Aamil In ...
 
S10_E02_How to Pimp Social Media 101.pptx
S10_E02_How to Pimp Social Media 101.pptxS10_E02_How to Pimp Social Media 101.pptx
S10_E02_How to Pimp Social Media 101.pptx
 
Princess Jahan's Tuition Classes, a story for entertainment
Princess Jahan's Tuition Classes, a story for entertainmentPrincess Jahan's Tuition Classes, a story for entertainment
Princess Jahan's Tuition Classes, a story for entertainment
 
A Spotlight on Darla Leigh Pittman Rodgers: Aaron Rodgers' Mother
A Spotlight on Darla Leigh Pittman Rodgers: Aaron Rodgers' MotherA Spotlight on Darla Leigh Pittman Rodgers: Aaron Rodgers' Mother
A Spotlight on Darla Leigh Pittman Rodgers: Aaron Rodgers' Mother
 
Moveable Feast_Travel-Lifestyle-Culture Quiz.pptx
Moveable Feast_Travel-Lifestyle-Culture Quiz.pptxMoveable Feast_Travel-Lifestyle-Culture Quiz.pptx
Moveable Feast_Travel-Lifestyle-Culture Quiz.pptx
 
办理滑铁卢大学毕业证成绩单|购买加拿大文凭证书
办理滑铁卢大学毕业证成绩单|购买加拿大文凭证书办理滑铁卢大学毕业证成绩单|购买加拿大文凭证书
办理滑铁卢大学毕业证成绩单|购买加拿大文凭证书
 
S10_E06-Sincerely,The Friday Club- Prelims Farewell Quiz.pptx
S10_E06-Sincerely,The Friday Club- Prelims Farewell Quiz.pptxS10_E06-Sincerely,The Friday Club- Prelims Farewell Quiz.pptx
S10_E06-Sincerely,The Friday Club- Prelims Farewell Quiz.pptx
 
ECOLUXE pre-ESPYS Ultimate Sports Lounge 2024
ECOLUXE pre-ESPYS Ultimate Sports Lounge 2024ECOLUXE pre-ESPYS Ultimate Sports Lounge 2024
ECOLUXE pre-ESPYS Ultimate Sports Lounge 2024
 
THE MEDIC, A STORY for entertainment.docx
THE MEDIC, A STORY for entertainment.docxTHE MEDIC, A STORY for entertainment.docx
THE MEDIC, A STORY for entertainment.docx
 
NO1 Certified Black magic specialist,Expert in Pakistan Amil Baba kala ilam E...
NO1 Certified Black magic specialist,Expert in Pakistan Amil Baba kala ilam E...NO1 Certified Black magic specialist,Expert in Pakistan Amil Baba kala ilam E...
NO1 Certified Black magic specialist,Expert in Pakistan Amil Baba kala ilam E...
 
What Life Would Be Like From A Different Perspective (saltyvixenstories.com)
What Life Would Be Like From A Different Perspective (saltyvixenstories.com)What Life Would Be Like From A Different Perspective (saltyvixenstories.com)
What Life Would Be Like From A Different Perspective (saltyvixenstories.com)
 
NO1 Certified kala ilam Expert In Peshwar Kala Jadu Specialist In Peshwar Kal...
NO1 Certified kala ilam Expert In Peshwar Kala Jadu Specialist In Peshwar Kal...NO1 Certified kala ilam Expert In Peshwar Kala Jadu Specialist In Peshwar Kal...
NO1 Certified kala ilam Expert In Peshwar Kala Jadu Specialist In Peshwar Kal...
 
Biswanath Byam Samiti Open Quiz 2022 by Qui9 Grand Finale
Biswanath Byam Samiti Open Quiz 2022 by Qui9 Grand FinaleBiswanath Byam Samiti Open Quiz 2022 by Qui9 Grand Finale
Biswanath Byam Samiti Open Quiz 2022 by Qui9 Grand Finale
 
Taken Pilot Episode Story pitch Document
Taken Pilot Episode Story pitch DocumentTaken Pilot Episode Story pitch Document
Taken Pilot Episode Story pitch Document
 
Sincerely, The Friday Club - Farewell Quiz-Finals.pptx
Sincerely, The Friday Club - Farewell Quiz-Finals.pptxSincerely, The Friday Club - Farewell Quiz-Finals.pptx
Sincerely, The Friday Club - Farewell Quiz-Finals.pptx
 
Zoom In Game for ice breaking in a training
Zoom In Game for ice breaking in a trainingZoom In Game for ice breaking in a training
Zoom In Game for ice breaking in a training
 
Flying Avocado Cat Cryptocurrency Created, Coded, Generated and Named by Grok...
Flying Avocado Cat Cryptocurrency Created, Coded, Generated and Named by Grok...Flying Avocado Cat Cryptocurrency Created, Coded, Generated and Named by Grok...
Flying Avocado Cat Cryptocurrency Created, Coded, Generated and Named by Grok...
 

Film Analysis Terminology Guide

  • 3. Arial Shots Aerial shots are often filmed from cranes or helicopters to show large landscapes, much like establishing shots, but from the air. These are usually used to show buildings in action movies, such as the bank robbery scene at the start of The Dark Knight.
  • 4. Canted Angle Shots: This is a type of shot where the camera is tilted one way to create lines that are at an angle to the side of the frame. An example of this is during the hotel fight scene in Inception; the walls are at a 45 degree angle to the side of the frame.
  • 6. Eyeline Match This is an editing practice to ensure continuity within the film when characters are looking at an object, character or landscape outside of the frame they’re in. Essentially, it makes sure that the character’s line of sight goes to what they are meant to be looking at, not lower or higher. This is seen many times in LotR, when Frodo looks out towards the Eye of Sauron
  • 7. Graphic Match Graphic match is an editing technique used to transition seamlessly between two shots that metaphorically link. This was done in Hitchcock’s Psycho in the shower murder scene to transition between the drain and the victim’s eye, and in 2001: A Space Odyssey when transitioning between a bone in the sky and an ‘orbital nuclear weapons platform’.
  • 8. Action Match An action match occurs when two shots showing two different perspectives of action are filmed apart from each other but edited to look like they are happening sequentially. In Hot Fuzz, the shot of Danny licking his lips could have been shot days apart from the shot of him breaking the fence but edited to suggest it happened one after the other.
  • 9. Parallel Editing Parallel editing is a technique used to imply that two characters are in the same situation without having to show both characters in the frame at the same time, making the scene more engaging. For example, during the chase scene in The Dark Knight Rises, Batman and the convoy of police cars are often separately shot, but it is still clear that the police are chasing Batman.
  • 10. Superimposition Superimposition is where two shots/images are overlaid. This shows a link between these two shots, giving the scene greater meaning and allowing more detail to be shown in a single shot. A good example of this is seen in the Hangover while Alan gambles. The superimposition of mathematical formulae onto the shot shows his intelligence during this time.
  • 11. Sound
  • 12. Synchronous / Asynchronous Sound Synchronous sound is that which matches what is happening within the frame, whereas asynchronous sound is that which is relevant to something happening out of frame. For example, footsteps match someone walking would be synchronous because it is synchronised with the action on screen, but the sound of police sirens being played whilst the frame shows bank robbers and not a police car would be asynchronous.
  • 13. Direct Address When a character directly speaks to another character, this is direct address. Often the character doing the addressing will use the other character’s name, or some such phrase much like “my friend” to initiate the direct address.
  • 14. Incidental Music Incidental music is essentially background music that adds atmosphere to what is happening on screen. If a murder has just been revealed, the incidental music might be a high pitched, sharp noise. It suspense is being built, the incidental music might be a long, middle-pitched droning sound.
  • 15. Stings A sting is a short piece of music that introduces something that regularly occurs. For example, the background music during the title sequence for various film companies such as Universal would be a sting.