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DESIGNER BABY
Overview
What is a designer baby?
Designer babies today
Advantages and disadvantages of designer
 baby
For or against designer baby?
   HFEA
   The fertility institutes
Conclusion
Discusion
What is a designer baby?
 A Baby whose genetic makeup
 has been artificially selected by
 engineering to ensure the
 presence or absence of
 particular genes or
 characteristics.
KNOWLEDGE ISSUE!!
Should couples be given the
right to alter their children.
 As genes to their own
preferences and likings??
REAL-LIFE SITUATION
In October of 2000, Adam Nash was
 the world’s first baby born by pre –
 implantation genetic diagnosis(PGD).
PGD refers to screening procedures
 performed on embryos to check for
 genetic disorder prior to implantation
 and pregnancy.
Combined with in-vitro
 fertilization(IVF) a process by which egg
 cells are fertilized by sperm outside the
 womb.
Embryos grown to the eight-cell stage
 and are checked for genetic disorders.
It’s a major treatment in fertility, but is
 now being used for other reasons.
DESIGNER BABIES TODAY!!
To date, genetic technology has only
 been used to treat serious disease in
 children.
Discoveries about the influences of
 gases on human traits opens the
 possibility of transferring these
 techniques to human being.
Developing technology make it
 possible to alter anything from gender
 to disease and eventually
 appearance, personality and IQ.
Some believe that parents will certainly
 want to choose their children’s genes
 , thus creating designer babies.
Presentation1
ADVANTAGES
Allows couples who can’t conceive
 normally to have children.
Allow couples to balance gender in
 their families.
Genetic screening reduces the baby’s
 chance of being born with a serious
 genetic disease.
Increase the likelihood of a healthy baby.
Reduces chances of
 miscarriage(spontaneous end of a
 pregnancy at a stage where the embryo or
 fetus is incapable of surviving
 independently).
Reduces chance of termination
  (abortion) due to disorder.
Can be used to save lives.
DISADVANTAGES
Morals and ethical concern
  • Too much like playing with god.
  • Killing
         embryo that could have grown into
    humans.
 Social concern
  • High cost leads to gap in society
  • It could lead to eugenics: individuals are ‘bred’
    or designed to social preferences.
  • Genetically enhanced people may start to feel
    superior to those who haven’t been enhanced.
 Such groups of people may become prejudiced against
 one another due to a feeling of lost common humanity
 with non-enhanced people.


Safety concerns:
  • Can lead to ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome
    (OHSS).
  • Unskilled lab technology could damage embryo
    during biopsy.
  • The removal of cells from eight-cell embryo has
    implication for the well being of people created
    by PGD.
Presentation1
For or against DESIGNER baby?
What is HFEA?
 • Stands for human fertilization &
   embryology authority.
 • Dedicated to licensing and monitoring
   UK fertility clinics and all UK research
   involving embryos, and providing
   impartial and authoritative information to
   the public.
Genetic engineering not allowed under
 British law because of the possibility of
 the child would be seen simply as a
 medical report.
 Head of ethics and policy for the
 British Medical Association, Dr.
 Vivienne Nathanson says, ‘We would
 have very serious concern that he is a
 commodity rather than a person.
In 2004, HFEA considered a relaxation of
 regulations governing designer babies so
 that parents could screen embryos for
 genetic traits and use them as donor
 sibling.
The authority debated whether parents
 should be parents should be allowed to test
 embryos solely for desirable characteristics
 and not just for genes that cause
 devastating illnesses at a young age.
SURVEY RESULTS
 • 56% supported using genetic test to counter
     blindness.
 •   75% supported using genetic test for mental
     retardation.
 •   10% of respondents said they would want
     genetic testing for athletic ability.
 •   10% voted for improved height.
 •   13% backed the approach to select for
     superior intelligence.
CONCLUSION
Technology is still developing so safety concern
 are high.
 Many children’s lives could be saved.
Fewer children will born with genetic disorder.
The idea is still new ,so its hard to say what is
 right or what is wrong.
There are many advantages and disadvantages
 of designer baby, and we should keep in mind
 and unbiased attitude towards them.
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:
1. Do you support the idea of designer
   baby? Why or Why not?
2. Would you use genetic engineering
   on your children simply to make
   them more intelligent or good
   looking?????......

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Presentation1

  • 2. Overview What is a designer baby? Designer babies today Advantages and disadvantages of designer baby For or against designer baby?  HFEA  The fertility institutes Conclusion Discusion
  • 3. What is a designer baby? A Baby whose genetic makeup has been artificially selected by engineering to ensure the presence or absence of particular genes or characteristics.
  • 4. KNOWLEDGE ISSUE!! Should couples be given the right to alter their children. As genes to their own preferences and likings??
  • 5. REAL-LIFE SITUATION In October of 2000, Adam Nash was the world’s first baby born by pre – implantation genetic diagnosis(PGD). PGD refers to screening procedures performed on embryos to check for genetic disorder prior to implantation and pregnancy.
  • 6. Combined with in-vitro fertilization(IVF) a process by which egg cells are fertilized by sperm outside the womb. Embryos grown to the eight-cell stage and are checked for genetic disorders. It’s a major treatment in fertility, but is now being used for other reasons.
  • 7. DESIGNER BABIES TODAY!! To date, genetic technology has only been used to treat serious disease in children. Discoveries about the influences of gases on human traits opens the possibility of transferring these techniques to human being.
  • 8. Developing technology make it possible to alter anything from gender to disease and eventually appearance, personality and IQ. Some believe that parents will certainly want to choose their children’s genes , thus creating designer babies.
  • 10. ADVANTAGES Allows couples who can’t conceive normally to have children. Allow couples to balance gender in their families. Genetic screening reduces the baby’s chance of being born with a serious genetic disease.
  • 11. Increase the likelihood of a healthy baby. Reduces chances of miscarriage(spontaneous end of a pregnancy at a stage where the embryo or fetus is incapable of surviving independently). Reduces chance of termination (abortion) due to disorder. Can be used to save lives.
  • 12. DISADVANTAGES Morals and ethical concern • Too much like playing with god. • Killing embryo that could have grown into humans.  Social concern • High cost leads to gap in society • It could lead to eugenics: individuals are ‘bred’ or designed to social preferences. • Genetically enhanced people may start to feel superior to those who haven’t been enhanced.
  • 13.  Such groups of people may become prejudiced against one another due to a feeling of lost common humanity with non-enhanced people. Safety concerns: • Can lead to ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome (OHSS). • Unskilled lab technology could damage embryo during biopsy. • The removal of cells from eight-cell embryo has implication for the well being of people created by PGD.
  • 15. For or against DESIGNER baby? What is HFEA? • Stands for human fertilization & embryology authority. • Dedicated to licensing and monitoring UK fertility clinics and all UK research involving embryos, and providing impartial and authoritative information to the public.
  • 16. Genetic engineering not allowed under British law because of the possibility of the child would be seen simply as a medical report.  Head of ethics and policy for the British Medical Association, Dr. Vivienne Nathanson says, ‘We would have very serious concern that he is a commodity rather than a person.
  • 17. In 2004, HFEA considered a relaxation of regulations governing designer babies so that parents could screen embryos for genetic traits and use them as donor sibling. The authority debated whether parents should be parents should be allowed to test embryos solely for desirable characteristics and not just for genes that cause devastating illnesses at a young age.
  • 18. SURVEY RESULTS • 56% supported using genetic test to counter blindness. • 75% supported using genetic test for mental retardation. • 10% of respondents said they would want genetic testing for athletic ability. • 10% voted for improved height. • 13% backed the approach to select for superior intelligence.
  • 19. CONCLUSION Technology is still developing so safety concern are high.  Many children’s lives could be saved. Fewer children will born with genetic disorder. The idea is still new ,so its hard to say what is right or what is wrong. There are many advantages and disadvantages of designer baby, and we should keep in mind and unbiased attitude towards them.
  • 20. DISCUSSION QUESTIONS: 1. Do you support the idea of designer baby? Why or Why not? 2. Would you use genetic engineering on your children simply to make them more intelligent or good looking?????......