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Information & Communication Technology (ICT) Kate Colligan Kaitlyn Lyons
What is ICT?
Some communication technologies do not translate well in other contexts http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aDycZH0CA4I
How do we figure out who is who and what is what?
Access is Key
 Unhealthy Corporate Interests
Postcolonialism
The Promise of Poverty Reduction “By uncompromisingly reducing poverty to a technical problem, and by promising technical solutions to the sufferings of powerless and oppressed people, the hegemonic problematic of ‘development’ is the principle means through which the question of poverty is de- politicized in the world today” [13:256]
Reject.Rephrase.Reinterpret. Rhetoric redux: discontinue use of “development” “cultural differences” and “cultural conceptions of knowledge”   These statements blind us from describing what is actually occurring. We are all “us” and we are all “them” in order to build discourse
The Article Prepares researchers for the complexity of global communication technologies with special attention given to learning from information creators in both indigenous and corporate settings to construct appropriate design principles Is quite dense but palatable in a good way..like a donut
Configurable Politics and Asymmetric Integration: Health e-Infrastructures in India Integrated e-infrastructure is beneficial for all, but it is hard to integrate when the politics do not support all aspects.
Pre-integration  Different systems that did not work together and were not equally supported forced staff to do more work by making them re-enter data into different systems to get the different outcomes they needed. Some data also would get left out because it was in a different system.
Why e-Infrastructure? What is it? Research carried out regionally or globally through Internet collaborations E-Infrastructure can provide researchers with shared access to large data collections, advanced ICT tools for data analysis, large-scale computing resources [1] More specifically patient and GIS data can be analyzed and reported easily on a regular basis [1]”What is e-Infrastrucutre” JISC.  http://www.jisc.ac.uk/media/documents/publications/einfrastructure_rtf.rtf.
Why is it asymmetrical?  Politics have a large affect on how systems can be integrated. This is because it all depends where the money comes from. $ $
How did HISP succeed with asymmetrical  integration?  Being flexible By creating a tool that can be up front or behind the scenes  compatible in many different situations and over time
Critiques  This article is told from the point of view of the underdog—a NGO that was not always politically supported.  Although the researchers conducted interviews with many parties, I think the article was biased. The authors were involved with the process and trying to implement DHIS.  Seemed like it was trying to sell itself Barely mentioned things like training and lack of Internet connection
Integration in Interlibrary Loan ILLiad software has Z39.50, Amazon, Google, Innovative, and many other options integrated in it’s software
Discussion Question If everything is integrated then won’t everything be a monopoly?

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Presentation final

  • 1. Information & Communication Technology (ICT) Kate Colligan Kaitlyn Lyons
  • 3. Some communication technologies do not translate well in other contexts http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aDycZH0CA4I
  • 4. How do we figure out who is who and what is what?
  • 8. The Promise of Poverty Reduction “By uncompromisingly reducing poverty to a technical problem, and by promising technical solutions to the sufferings of powerless and oppressed people, the hegemonic problematic of ‘development’ is the principle means through which the question of poverty is de- politicized in the world today” [13:256]
  • 9. Reject.Rephrase.Reinterpret. Rhetoric redux: discontinue use of “development” “cultural differences” and “cultural conceptions of knowledge”   These statements blind us from describing what is actually occurring. We are all “us” and we are all “them” in order to build discourse
  • 10. The Article Prepares researchers for the complexity of global communication technologies with special attention given to learning from information creators in both indigenous and corporate settings to construct appropriate design principles Is quite dense but palatable in a good way..like a donut
  • 11. Configurable Politics and Asymmetric Integration: Health e-Infrastructures in India Integrated e-infrastructure is beneficial for all, but it is hard to integrate when the politics do not support all aspects.
  • 12. Pre-integration Different systems that did not work together and were not equally supported forced staff to do more work by making them re-enter data into different systems to get the different outcomes they needed. Some data also would get left out because it was in a different system.
  • 13. Why e-Infrastructure? What is it? Research carried out regionally or globally through Internet collaborations E-Infrastructure can provide researchers with shared access to large data collections, advanced ICT tools for data analysis, large-scale computing resources [1] More specifically patient and GIS data can be analyzed and reported easily on a regular basis [1]”What is e-Infrastrucutre” JISC. http://www.jisc.ac.uk/media/documents/publications/einfrastructure_rtf.rtf.
  • 14. Why is it asymmetrical? Politics have a large affect on how systems can be integrated. This is because it all depends where the money comes from. $ $
  • 15. How did HISP succeed with asymmetrical integration? Being flexible By creating a tool that can be up front or behind the scenes compatible in many different situations and over time
  • 16. Critiques This article is told from the point of view of the underdog—a NGO that was not always politically supported. Although the researchers conducted interviews with many parties, I think the article was biased. The authors were involved with the process and trying to implement DHIS. Seemed like it was trying to sell itself Barely mentioned things like training and lack of Internet connection
  • 17. Integration in Interlibrary Loan ILLiad software has Z39.50, Amazon, Google, Innovative, and many other options integrated in it’s software
  • 18. Discussion Question If everything is integrated then won’t everything be a monopoly?

Editor's Notes

  1. Information Communication Technology is a movement that promotes, assists, or studies human communication that uses technology.  Understanding that communication is a process based on many methods of exchange and interpretation makes it critical to examine as part of policy development especially in global contexts.
  2. For instance as we see through myriad online examples (use facebook video here) our online interaction may differ drastically from our everyday non-online interactions which likely use subtle symbols and cultural cues or gestures to evoke our precise meaning. 
  3. This transition is not so far fetched from considering communication out of context. There is a failure of migrating western concepts of technologies to the context of different cultures and infrastructures due to preconceptions about what is needed. For the better part of history we have been obsessed with divvying up the world map however Author reminds us that weCannot taxonomize people based on single cultural backgrounds within the context of globalization and shifting boundaries.  Being “here” or “there” marginalizes people especially when people self identify as both.
  4. As more information exists online, especially in the form of government policies, it is important that individuals affected by such policies have access to them.  If the policies are only available online and few communities have the resources to access them then how valuable is online access?  It also demonstrates a significant gap between policy makers and citizens in terms of being able to use information.  This is a very glossed over brief version of "the digital divide" where ICT is concerned that the division of the "haves" and "have nots" becomes more apparent when economy, health, water, warfare, social justice, literacy and other issues can be improved through information access.  In simple terms: information access has the potential to solve many world problems.
  5. Those working in ICT are aware that even with altruistic intent there is a burden to translate the benefit from a local relativist perspective.  The conceptual buy in at the local level commits the community  to ownership and stewardship of information. This sustainability of ICT is often required by development entities such as the World Bank and we have seen a trend in corporate interests backing communities and countries interested in receiving development money to build infrastructure. The new infrastructure is then of course compromised by corporate interests
  6. . Historical transformations occurs when groups encounter/dominate each other (so we are all part of the postcolonial framework). This is just a pretty photo of SF.
  7. In Lesotho, Ferguson’s example, World Bank reports recommended agricultural technology as a remedy for farmers who had lost their arable land to Dutch settlers. These approaches fail to discern the importance of political causes and political solutions to problems of poverty, leaving many failed development projects in their wake.
  8. Rather than classifying people on various cultural dimensions, a generative view of culture suggests we ask how the technological objects and knowledge practices of everyday life become meaningful contingently and dynamically as social activity unfolds. development regimes have historically been aligned with the interests of politically powerful commercial and capital market actors
  9. This is similar to the issues Edwards talks about with regards to inconsistent data in the field of climate change
  10. A system cannot be supported without money. Staff cannot be trained without money. If the power and resources cannot be distributed evenly then the integration is asymmetrical.
  11. Talk about how this makessearching easier