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UN 2023 Water conference - a new win-win paradigm for harnessing water through farming in
harmony with nature – lessons from AP community managed natural farming , INDIA
Vision 2031 - all 6.0 million farmer households and 6.0 million Ha of farmland
Vijay Kumar Thallam
Executive Vice Chairman, Rythu Sadhikara Samstha (RySS), Govt of AP
vjthallam@gmail.com
APCNF - Farming in harmony with nature
What is Natural farming ?
It is a holistic land
management practice that
leverages the power of
photosynthesis in plants to
close the carbon cycle,
build soil health,
crop resilience,
nutrient density, and,
enable water availability
Universal Principles of Natural farming
Soil to be covered with crops - 365 days of the year (living roots)
Diverse crops, including trees (15-20)
Integrate animals into farming
Minimum disturbance of soil
Mimicking
Nature
Bio-stimulants as catalysts to trigger soil biology
Increase amount crop residue and other organic residue in the soil
Farmers own seeds or indigenous seeds
Pest management through better agronomical practices
No synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, weedicides
The scale of the programme at a glance
Largest Natural farming programme in the country, in terms of farmers participating
86% - small and marginal
farmers 1 ha per capita
Number of farmers in
2021 - increased 15x
Number of villages
increased 5x
Transformation driven by –
• more than 10,000 champion farmers and their
mentors
• 200,000 women self help groups and their
federations
• Research support – national and global
• Govt ownership and support
Plan
16% of farmers
7.5 % of area
27% of villages
10% of farmers
4% of area
2020-21 2021-22 2022-23
2016-17
480,000 farmers
3730 (v)
630,000 farmers 1,060,000 farmers
3730 (v)
460,000 Ha
40,656 farmers
704 (v) 3730 (v)
290,000 Ha
220,000 Ha
1. Transition of a farmer – 3 to 5 years
2. No cash incentives during
transition, and, Funds: Govt, KfW Bank – 235 million USD upto 2024
3. No promises of market premia
Grants: 1. Azim Premji Philanthropy – 20 million USD upto 2027
Economic NF PLOT
• Cost of cultivation - significant reduction - NF costs are much lower
than non-NF, across all crops
• Yield differences are not significant between NF and Non-NF farms
• Significant increase in net income for NF farmers
APCNF IMPACTS
Resilience
Water savings
• Improved soil porosity
• Increased bio diversity
Conventional Plot
Harnessing water through enhancing soil biology
Soil Aeration
• Greater water
infiltration
• Greater water holding
• Water vapour
harvested for
irrigation ( 50,000
ppm of water in the
air)
Harnessing water from the air
2 minutes video on
harnessing water
from air:
https://youtu.be/Azm
Xb9Kwr04
Scaling up of Pre – Monsoon Dry Sowing breakthrough – harnessing water from the air
PMDS
2018
Rabi Dry
Sowing
2018
PMDS 2019 PMDS 2020 P.M.D.S
2021
P.M.D.S
2022
Number of
farmers 11 (Pilot) 1383
885
21,635
13,068
103,340
80,409
348,000
353,000
600,700
608,700
Area
covered (in 11 acres
acres)
Multiple sources of water triggered by 365 days green cover and natural farming
Water in the air
- upto 50,000
ppm
H20
After shoot emergence – harvesting
water vapour - condensation of
dew/mist
Crop residue mulch –
reduces water
evaporation
For germination
- Biological water
from Bio
stimulant and
mulch
For germination and plant
growth -Uptake from soil
films – below wilting point
H20
Surface water
Mycorrhyzal
fungal
Greater porosity – roots can
explore deeper water and
fungal hyphae can draw from
soil film – in dry spell
extensions
Deep water
A new water paradigm - natural farming enables optimization
of wa tion Back to atmosphere
36 drops
transpiration and green
growth
86 drops?
100 rain on soils
Natural farming enables
better utilization of water
that is being wasted and in
addition harnesses water
from the air
50 drops
run-off /
evaporation
2 drops stored
in dams
12 drops in
streams
Natural farming : a new paradigm for water
APCNF changes the paradigm where we look at agriculture only as ‘consumers’
of water. Natural farming shows that ‘agriculture’ produces water and
consumes water.
Natural farming:
Creates ‘new’ water – harnessing water from the air ( never seen as a resource for crop
growth)
Reduces evaporation losses – the 365 days green cover and crop residue mulching reduces
evaporation losses
Reduces water runoff – greater soil porosity reduces water and soil runoff
Increases water holding – increases in soil organic matter increase water holding capacities
Natural farming and 365 days green cover can cool the planet
Global
warming:
Re-
radiated
heat – an
imp cause
NF + 365
DGC
Reversal of
desertification
140
deg F
Soil / Water
conservation
70 deg
F
Food and
nutrition
security
Income
generation
“..We do not inherit the earth from our
ancestors, we borrow it from our
children..”
LET US ALL ACT NOW
Visit: apzbnf.in Follow us - Twitter/ Facebook/ Youtube@APZBNF

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Presentation - 9th Roundtable on financing water, Vijay Kumar

  • 1. UN 2023 Water conference - a new win-win paradigm for harnessing water through farming in harmony with nature – lessons from AP community managed natural farming , INDIA Vision 2031 - all 6.0 million farmer households and 6.0 million Ha of farmland Vijay Kumar Thallam Executive Vice Chairman, Rythu Sadhikara Samstha (RySS), Govt of AP vjthallam@gmail.com
  • 2. APCNF - Farming in harmony with nature What is Natural farming ? It is a holistic land management practice that leverages the power of photosynthesis in plants to close the carbon cycle, build soil health, crop resilience, nutrient density, and, enable water availability
  • 3. Universal Principles of Natural farming Soil to be covered with crops - 365 days of the year (living roots) Diverse crops, including trees (15-20) Integrate animals into farming Minimum disturbance of soil Mimicking Nature Bio-stimulants as catalysts to trigger soil biology Increase amount crop residue and other organic residue in the soil Farmers own seeds or indigenous seeds Pest management through better agronomical practices No synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, weedicides
  • 4. The scale of the programme at a glance Largest Natural farming programme in the country, in terms of farmers participating 86% - small and marginal farmers 1 ha per capita Number of farmers in 2021 - increased 15x Number of villages increased 5x Transformation driven by – • more than 10,000 champion farmers and their mentors • 200,000 women self help groups and their federations • Research support – national and global • Govt ownership and support Plan 16% of farmers 7.5 % of area 27% of villages 10% of farmers 4% of area 2020-21 2021-22 2022-23 2016-17 480,000 farmers 3730 (v) 630,000 farmers 1,060,000 farmers 3730 (v) 460,000 Ha 40,656 farmers 704 (v) 3730 (v) 290,000 Ha 220,000 Ha 1. Transition of a farmer – 3 to 5 years 2. No cash incentives during transition, and, Funds: Govt, KfW Bank – 235 million USD upto 2024 3. No promises of market premia Grants: 1. Azim Premji Philanthropy – 20 million USD upto 2027
  • 5. Economic NF PLOT • Cost of cultivation - significant reduction - NF costs are much lower than non-NF, across all crops • Yield differences are not significant between NF and Non-NF farms • Significant increase in net income for NF farmers APCNF IMPACTS Resilience Water savings • Improved soil porosity • Increased bio diversity Conventional Plot
  • 6. Harnessing water through enhancing soil biology Soil Aeration • Greater water infiltration • Greater water holding • Water vapour harvested for irrigation ( 50,000 ppm of water in the air)
  • 7. Harnessing water from the air 2 minutes video on harnessing water from air: https://youtu.be/Azm Xb9Kwr04
  • 8. Scaling up of Pre – Monsoon Dry Sowing breakthrough – harnessing water from the air PMDS 2018 Rabi Dry Sowing 2018 PMDS 2019 PMDS 2020 P.M.D.S 2021 P.M.D.S 2022 Number of farmers 11 (Pilot) 1383 885 21,635 13,068 103,340 80,409 348,000 353,000 600,700 608,700 Area covered (in 11 acres acres)
  • 9. Multiple sources of water triggered by 365 days green cover and natural farming Water in the air - upto 50,000 ppm H20 After shoot emergence – harvesting water vapour - condensation of dew/mist Crop residue mulch – reduces water evaporation For germination - Biological water from Bio stimulant and mulch For germination and plant growth -Uptake from soil films – below wilting point H20 Surface water Mycorrhyzal fungal Greater porosity – roots can explore deeper water and fungal hyphae can draw from soil film – in dry spell extensions Deep water
  • 10. A new water paradigm - natural farming enables optimization of wa tion Back to atmosphere 36 drops transpiration and green growth 86 drops? 100 rain on soils Natural farming enables better utilization of water that is being wasted and in addition harnesses water from the air 50 drops run-off / evaporation 2 drops stored in dams 12 drops in streams
  • 11. Natural farming : a new paradigm for water APCNF changes the paradigm where we look at agriculture only as ‘consumers’ of water. Natural farming shows that ‘agriculture’ produces water and consumes water. Natural farming: Creates ‘new’ water – harnessing water from the air ( never seen as a resource for crop growth) Reduces evaporation losses – the 365 days green cover and crop residue mulching reduces evaporation losses Reduces water runoff – greater soil porosity reduces water and soil runoff Increases water holding – increases in soil organic matter increase water holding capacities
  • 12. Natural farming and 365 days green cover can cool the planet Global warming: Re- radiated heat – an imp cause NF + 365 DGC Reversal of desertification 140 deg F Soil / Water conservation 70 deg F Food and nutrition security Income generation
  • 13. “..We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors, we borrow it from our children..” LET US ALL ACT NOW Visit: apzbnf.in Follow us - Twitter/ Facebook/ Youtube@APZBNF