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A BR IEF HIS TOR IC A L TI M ELI N E
                      of BA SEBA L L S TATIS TIC S

2500 B.C. • The abacus is invented in Sumeria.     1861 • Chadwick publishes a list of the collection
                                                        of games played, outs, runs, homeruns and
825 A.D. • Persian mathematician Muhammad               strike outs for prominent players on bigger
     ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi popularizes the              clubs. It is the first database of its kind.
     decimal point.
                                                   1867 • Chadwick creates the box score, borrowed
1857 • Early sportswriter Henry Chadwick,               from the scorecard in cricket.
     the “Father of Baseball” switches from        	    • Chadwick creates the abbreviation “K”
     writing primarily about cricket to baseball        for strikeout.
     for the newspapers he works for, and          	    • Chadwick creates the statistical
     begins to keep track of individual players’        measurements Batting Average (BA) for
     achievements to provide numerical                  hitters and Earned Run Average (ERA)
     evidence of which players helped or hurt a         for pitchers. They are the considered the
     team to win.                                       defining stat of a player for the next 100+
                                                        years, and are still popular today.
Boxscore from 1876
A BR IEF HIS TOR IC A L TI M ELI N E
                       of BA SEBA L L S TATIS TIC S

1912 • The National League begins keeping          1951 • Hy Turkin publishes The Complete Encyclopedia
     official record of ERA. The American                of Baseball. It is the first book of historical
     League does the same soon after. Earlier            stats and figures.
     ERA statistics are available, but were
     calculated many years after the fact.         1964 • Johns Hopkins engineering professor
                                                         Earnshaw Cook’s book Percentage Baseball is
1947 • Brooklyn Dodgers General Manager                  released. It is one the first highly analytical
     Branch Rickey hires Allan Roth to be the            and scientific baseball publications to gain
     first full-time team statistician on an MLB         national media attention, but the book was
     team. The two develop the formula for On            not accepted by most baseball associations.
     Base Percentage (OBP), which calculate how
     often a batter gets on base by any means (not 1969 • Macmillan Publishing published its first
     just with a hit like with BA).                      Baseball Encyclopedia, which was the first time
                                                         a computer had been used to compile stats.
A BR IEF HIS TOR IC A L TI M ELI N E
     of BA SEBA L L S TATIS TIC S




Earnshaw Cook           “Percentage Baseball” cover
A BR IEF HIS TOR IC A L TI M ELI N E
                       of BA SEBA L L S TATIS TIC S

1977 • Historian and baseball writer Bill James      1994 • The Sabermetric Manifesto, an essay by David
     releases the first annual copy of The Bill           Grabiner, is published.
     James Historical Baseball Abstract, and James
     coins the word “sabermetrics” after the         1996 • Baseball Prospectus, an organization
     Society for American Baseball Research,              devoted to the sabermetic analysis of baseball,
     SABR, which scientifically analyzes and              is founded. The organization publishes an
     studies baseball statistics. The Historical          annual book by the same name which consists
     Baseball Abstract was published annually             of advanced analysis and history.
     until 1988. James’ work is the basis of all
     modern sabermetrics.                            2000 • Baseball-Reference.com, the defining source
                                                          for stats on every player in team in every major
1988 • Total Baseball becomes the primary baseball        and minor league in history, is launched.
     stats encyclopedia, using more sophisticated
     software that Baseball Encyclopedia.
A BR IEF HIS TOR IC A L TI M ELI N E
              of BA SEBA L L S TATIS TIC S




The Historical Baseball Abstract   Baseball-Reference.com Home Page
A BR IEF HIS TOR IC A L TI M ELI N E
                       of BA SEBA L L S TATIS TIC S

2003 • The book Moneyball is published. It is
     the story of Billy Beane, the General
     Manager of the Oakland Athletics, and
     the team’s sabermetic, analytical approach
     to assembling a competitive baseball team
     despite Oakland’s disadvantaged revenue
     situation. They were the first MLB team
     to build a team with primarily sabermetric
     analysis, and were so successful that it is now
     used in every Major League front office. The
     movie came out in 2011.


2005 • Fangraphs.com, another sabermetic
                                                       Moneyball Book Cover & Movie Poster
     analysis website, is founded.
CU R R E N T V ISUA L S in
 BA SEBA L L TODAY




    MLB.tv Online Game Cast
CU R R E N T V ISUA L S in
 BA SEBA L L TODAY




Pitchf/x Chart Showing A Pitcher’s outing
CU R R E N T V ISUA L S in
  BA SEBA L L TODAY




A Typical Graph on Baseball-Reference.Com,
        Showing a Team’s Batting Stats
CU R R E N T V ISUA L S in
  BA SEBA L L TODAY




A Scorecard, Usually Done While At a Game

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Presentation 2

  • 1. A BR IEF HIS TOR IC A L TI M ELI N E of BA SEBA L L S TATIS TIC S 2500 B.C. • The abacus is invented in Sumeria. 1861 • Chadwick publishes a list of the collection of games played, outs, runs, homeruns and 825 A.D. • Persian mathematician Muhammad strike outs for prominent players on bigger ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi popularizes the clubs. It is the first database of its kind. decimal point. 1867 • Chadwick creates the box score, borrowed 1857 • Early sportswriter Henry Chadwick, from the scorecard in cricket. the “Father of Baseball” switches from • Chadwick creates the abbreviation “K” writing primarily about cricket to baseball for strikeout. for the newspapers he works for, and • Chadwick creates the statistical begins to keep track of individual players’ measurements Batting Average (BA) for achievements to provide numerical hitters and Earned Run Average (ERA) evidence of which players helped or hurt a for pitchers. They are the considered the team to win. defining stat of a player for the next 100+ years, and are still popular today.
  • 3. A BR IEF HIS TOR IC A L TI M ELI N E of BA SEBA L L S TATIS TIC S 1912 • The National League begins keeping 1951 • Hy Turkin publishes The Complete Encyclopedia official record of ERA. The American of Baseball. It is the first book of historical League does the same soon after. Earlier stats and figures. ERA statistics are available, but were calculated many years after the fact. 1964 • Johns Hopkins engineering professor Earnshaw Cook’s book Percentage Baseball is 1947 • Brooklyn Dodgers General Manager released. It is one the first highly analytical Branch Rickey hires Allan Roth to be the and scientific baseball publications to gain first full-time team statistician on an MLB national media attention, but the book was team. The two develop the formula for On not accepted by most baseball associations. Base Percentage (OBP), which calculate how often a batter gets on base by any means (not 1969 • Macmillan Publishing published its first just with a hit like with BA). Baseball Encyclopedia, which was the first time a computer had been used to compile stats.
  • 4. A BR IEF HIS TOR IC A L TI M ELI N E of BA SEBA L L S TATIS TIC S Earnshaw Cook “Percentage Baseball” cover
  • 5. A BR IEF HIS TOR IC A L TI M ELI N E of BA SEBA L L S TATIS TIC S 1977 • Historian and baseball writer Bill James 1994 • The Sabermetric Manifesto, an essay by David releases the first annual copy of The Bill Grabiner, is published. James Historical Baseball Abstract, and James coins the word “sabermetrics” after the 1996 • Baseball Prospectus, an organization Society for American Baseball Research, devoted to the sabermetic analysis of baseball, SABR, which scientifically analyzes and is founded. The organization publishes an studies baseball statistics. The Historical annual book by the same name which consists Baseball Abstract was published annually of advanced analysis and history. until 1988. James’ work is the basis of all modern sabermetrics. 2000 • Baseball-Reference.com, the defining source for stats on every player in team in every major 1988 • Total Baseball becomes the primary baseball and minor league in history, is launched. stats encyclopedia, using more sophisticated software that Baseball Encyclopedia.
  • 6. A BR IEF HIS TOR IC A L TI M ELI N E of BA SEBA L L S TATIS TIC S The Historical Baseball Abstract Baseball-Reference.com Home Page
  • 7. A BR IEF HIS TOR IC A L TI M ELI N E of BA SEBA L L S TATIS TIC S 2003 • The book Moneyball is published. It is the story of Billy Beane, the General Manager of the Oakland Athletics, and the team’s sabermetic, analytical approach to assembling a competitive baseball team despite Oakland’s disadvantaged revenue situation. They were the first MLB team to build a team with primarily sabermetric analysis, and were so successful that it is now used in every Major League front office. The movie came out in 2011. 2005 • Fangraphs.com, another sabermetic Moneyball Book Cover & Movie Poster analysis website, is founded.
  • 8. CU R R E N T V ISUA L S in BA SEBA L L TODAY MLB.tv Online Game Cast
  • 9. CU R R E N T V ISUA L S in BA SEBA L L TODAY Pitchf/x Chart Showing A Pitcher’s outing
  • 10. CU R R E N T V ISUA L S in BA SEBA L L TODAY A Typical Graph on Baseball-Reference.Com, Showing a Team’s Batting Stats
  • 11. CU R R E N T V ISUA L S in BA SEBA L L TODAY A Scorecard, Usually Done While At a Game