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 The   present perfect connects the
  past and the present. It is used to show
  that an action or situation in the past:
-continues today, OR
-might happen again
Sara has lived in Nogales for 5 years.

  Meaning: by using the present perfect
  tense, we mean that Sara began living in
  Nogales 5 years ago . . .

AND . . . she still lives there.

Remember, present perfect:
connects the past with the present.
 Use   the present perfect with time
    words like:
•   recently/lately
•   since …
•   so far this
    week, month, year, etc.
Present perfect:
•   We often use present perfect to say
    that something happened sooner than
    expected.

Example:
Jan: Don’t forget to mail that letter.
Tom: I’ve already mailed it.

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Present perfect

  • 1.
  • 2.  The present perfect connects the past and the present. It is used to show that an action or situation in the past: -continues today, OR -might happen again
  • 3. Sara has lived in Nogales for 5 years. Meaning: by using the present perfect tense, we mean that Sara began living in Nogales 5 years ago . . . AND . . . she still lives there. Remember, present perfect: connects the past with the present.
  • 4.  Use the present perfect with time words like: • recently/lately • since … • so far this week, month, year, etc.
  • 5. Present perfect: • We often use present perfect to say that something happened sooner than expected. Example: Jan: Don’t forget to mail that letter. Tom: I’ve already mailed it.