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سيكولوجية القراءة ونظراتها.pptx
‫الشعبية‬ ‫الديمقراطية‬ ‫الجزائرية‬ ‫الجمهورية‬
‫العلمي‬ ‫والبحث‬ ‫العالي‬ ‫التعليم‬ ‫وزارة‬
‫بسكرة‬ ‫خيضر‬ ‫محمد‬ ‫جامعة‬
‫الشعبة‬
:
‫المكتبات‬ ‫علم‬
‫التخصص‬
:
‫الوثائق‬ ‫المؤسسات‬ ‫إدارة‬
‫ية‬
‫الفوج‬
:
01
‫مقياس‬
:
‫االجتماعي‬ ‫النفس‬ ‫علم‬
‫لإلتصال‬
‫إعداد‬ ‫من‬
:
.1
‫كريم‬ ‫لعواد‬
.2
‫خولة‬ ‫لمكاك‬
.3
‫العيد‬ ‫الرزاق‬ ‫عبد‬ ‫بن‬
.4
‫صفية‬ ‫لمباركي‬
‫االستاذة‬ ‫إشراف‬
:
‫بويعلي‬
‫السنة‬
‫الجامعية‬
:
2018/2019
‫البحث‬ ‫خطة‬
:
‫مــــــقدمــــــــــــــــــــــــــة‬
‫األول‬ ‫المبــحث‬
:
‫القراءة‬ ‫ماهية‬
‫األول‬ ‫المطلب‬
:
‫القراءة‬ ‫مفهوم‬
‫الثاني‬ ‫المطلب‬
:
‫القراءة‬ ‫أهداف‬
‫الثالث‬ ‫المطلب‬
:
‫القراءة‬ ‫أنواع‬
‫الرابع‬ ‫المطلب‬
:
‫القراءة‬ ‫ونماذج‬ ‫مستويات‬
‫الخامس‬ ‫المطلب‬
:
‫القراءة‬ ‫تقييم‬
(
‫والعيوب‬ ‫المزايا‬
)
‫الثاني‬ ‫المبــــحث‬
:
‫القراءة‬ ‫سيكولوجية‬ ‫ماهية‬
‫المطلب‬
‫األول‬
:
‫مفهوم‬
‫سيكولوجية‬
‫القراءة‬
‫المطلب‬
‫الثاني‬
:
‫نشاءة‬
‫سيكولوجية‬
‫القراءة‬
‫المطلب‬
‫الثالث‬
:
‫أهمية‬
‫سيكولوجية‬
‫القراءة‬
‫المطلب‬
‫الرابع‬
:
‫تقييم‬
‫سيكولوجية‬
‫القراءة‬
(
‫المزايا‬
‫والعيوب‬
)
‫الثالث‬ ‫المبـــــحث‬
:
‫القر‬ ‫سيكولوجية‬ ‫نظريات‬
‫اءة‬
‫األول‬ ‫المطلب‬
:
‫نظرية‬
‫فيغوسكي‬
‫الثاني‬ ‫المطلب‬
:
‫نظرية‬
‫روباكين‬
‫الثالث‬ ‫المطلب‬
:
‫نظرية‬
‫فالغاردس‬
‫الرابع‬ ‫المطلب‬
:
‫نظرية‬
‫بيختيريف‬
‫خاتـــــــــــــمة‬
‫المراجع‬ ‫قائمة‬
‫المعاصرة‬ ‫المجتمعات‬ ‫في‬ ‫القراءة‬
‫اإلنساني‬ ‫الفكر‬
‫القديمة‬ ‫بالحضارات‬ ‫ربط‬ ‫أداة‬
‫األثر‬
‫مع‬ ‫المفهوم‬ ‫تباين‬
‫إختالف‬
‫العلوم‬
‫النفس‬ ‫علم‬
‫القراءة‬ ‫سيكولوجية‬
‫اإلشكـــــــــالية‬
:
‫أهم‬ ‫؟وماهي‬ ‫القراءة‬ ‫سيكولوجية‬ ‫تتمثل‬ ‫فيما‬
‫؟‬ ‫نظرياتها‬
‫األول‬ ‫المطلب‬
:
‫القراءة‬ ‫مفهوم‬
‫مفاهيم‬
‫القراءة‬
‫عملية‬
‫عقلية‬
‫تفاعلية‬
‫مهارة‬
‫لغوي‬ ‫فن‬
‫نشاط‬
‫إجتماعي‬
‫عملية‬
‫مركبة‬
‫أداة‬
‫إتصال‬
‫فكري‬
‫نشاط‬
‫عضوي‬
‫نفسية‬
‫لغوية‬
‫عقلية‬
‫إنفعالي‬
‫ة‬
‫الثاني‬ ‫المطلب‬
:
‫القراءة‬ ‫أهداف‬
‫الثالث‬ ‫المطلب‬
:
‫القراءة‬ ‫أنواع‬
‫قراءة‬
‫جهرية‬
‫قراءة‬
‫ص‬
‫امتة‬
‫قراءة‬
‫االستماع‬
‫اإلستماع‬
‫السماع‬
‫جزئي‬
‫بدون‬
‫مع‬
‫الغرض‬ ‫حسب‬
‫تحصيلية‬
‫جمع‬
‫المعلومات‬
‫التصفح‬
‫السريع‬
‫النقدية‬
‫التحليلة‬
‫اتذوق‬
‫والتفاعل‬
‫خاطفة‬ ‫سريعة‬
‫التصحيحية‬
‫والمتعة‬ ‫الترفيه‬
‫األدبية‬
‫اإلجتماعية‬
‫الرابع‬ ‫المطلب‬
:
‫القراءة‬ ‫ونماذج‬ ‫مستويات‬
‫مستوياتها‬
‫القاعدي‬ ‫أو‬ ‫األولي‬ ‫المستوى‬
‫التصحيحي‬ ‫المستوى‬
‫العالجي‬ ‫المستوى‬Bibliotherapy
‫القراءة‬ ‫نماذج‬
‫النموذج‬
‫التركيبي‬
‫النموذج‬
‫التحليلي‬
‫النموذج‬
‫التفاعلي‬
‫المثير‬ ‫النموذج‬
‫واإلستجابة‬
‫التركيبي‬ ‫النموذج‬
(
‫إلى‬ ‫أسفل‬ ‫من‬
‫أعلى‬
)
‫البصر‬
‫الحرف‬
‫الصوت‬
‫الداللة‬
‫التحليلي‬ ‫النموذج‬
(
‫إلى‬ ‫أعلى‬ ‫من‬
‫أسفل‬
)
‫والتوقعات‬ ‫الخبرات‬
‫التوقعات‬ ‫اختبار‬
‫المعنى‬
‫التفاعلي‬ ‫النموذج‬
‫الكاتب‬
‫القارئ‬ ‫النص‬
(
‫المخطط‬
–
‫المؤلف‬
-
‫المدقق‬
-
‫المراجع‬
)
‫المثير‬ ‫النموذج‬
‫واإلستجابة‬
‫الرمز‬ ‫فك‬
‫صوت‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫الرمز‬ ‫تحويل‬
‫حسي‬ ‫إدراك‬
‫تجريد‬
‫تداعي‬
‫االصطالحات‬
‫والمعلومات‬
‫استعاب‬
‫تحليل‬
‫تقييم‬
‫تطبيق‬
‫مثير‬
Stimulus
‫مادة‬
‫مطبوعة‬
‫تراها‬
‫العين‬
‫االستجابة‬
Response
‫مرئي‬ ‫غير‬ ‫استجابة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫حركة‬ ، ‫كتابة‬ ، ‫تكلم‬
‫ة‬
‫الخامس‬ ‫المطلب‬
:
‫القراءة‬ ‫تقييم‬
‫القراءة‬ ‫مزايا‬
+
‫القراءة‬ ‫عيوب‬
‫األول‬ ‫المطلب‬
:
‫القراءة‬ ‫سيكولوجية‬ ‫مفهوم‬
THE PSYCHOLOGY OF READING
‫سيكولوجية‬
=
‫النفس‬ ‫علم‬
‫للقراءة‬ ‫النفس‬ ‫علم‬
‫النفس‬ ‫علم‬ ‫فروع‬ ‫إحدى‬
‫التداخل‬
‫المعرفة‬ ‫سيكولوجية‬
Cognitive PSYCHOLOGY
‫المـــــــــعرفة‬
‫الذاكرة‬
‫التعلم‬ ‫المعلومات‬ ‫نظام‬
‫التحليل‬
‫العقلية‬ ‫النظرة‬
‫النفسية‬ ‫النظرة‬
‫عقلي‬ ‫اساس‬ ‫على‬
‫ماوراء‬
‫المعرفة‬
‫المهارات‬ ، ‫الحفظ‬ ، ‫التخزين‬
‫ا‬
‫الثاني‬ ‫لمطلب‬
:
‫القراءة‬ ‫سيكولوجية‬ ‫نشاءة‬
1908
‫األمريكي‬ ‫والعالم‬ ‫الكاتب‬
‫إيدمومندهيووي‬
Edmund
B,Muly
‫سيكولوجية‬ ‫كتاب‬
‫وبداغوجية‬
‫القراءة‬
‫القراءة‬
‫كإشكالية‬
‫وسيكولوجية‬ ‫عامة‬ ‫النفس‬ ‫علم‬
‫التعلم‬
‫السلوكية‬ ‫النظرية‬
‫وسبعي‬ ‫ستينيات‬
‫نيات‬
‫العشرين‬ ‫القرن‬
‫القراء‬ ‫سيكولوجية‬ ‫ميدان‬ ‫قضايا‬
‫ة‬
‫إنهيار‬
‫السلوكي‬ ‫المدرسة‬
‫ة‬
‫اجماع‬
‫االراء‬
‫حول‬
‫العقلية‬ ‫العمليات‬
‫القراءة‬ ‫سيكولوجية‬
=
‫سيكولوج‬
‫ية‬
‫المعرفة‬
‫الثالث‬ ‫المطلب‬
:
‫القراءة‬ ‫سيكولوجية‬ ‫أهمية‬

‫والتعليم‬ ‫لتعلم‬ ‫أداة‬

‫الشخصية‬ ‫وفهم‬ ‫تحليل‬

‫القراءة‬ ‫مشاكل‬ ‫اكتشاف‬
(
‫اللعثمة‬
‫والثأثأة‬
)
‫النف‬ ‫العالج‬
‫سي‬

‫الشخصي‬ ‫التوافق‬ ‫تحقيق‬
‫واإلجتماعي‬

‫الميول‬ ‫تحديد‬
‫وإهتمامات‬
‫مهارة‬ ‫تنمية‬ ‫و‬ ‫القارئ‬

‫واالتجاهات‬ ‫القيم‬ ‫زرع‬

‫والمشكالت‬ ‫المواقف‬ ‫معالجة‬
‫ا‬
‫الرابع‬ ‫لمطلب‬
:
‫القراءة‬ ‫سيكولوجية‬ ‫تقييم‬
‫مزايا‬
‫سيكولوجية‬
‫القراءة‬
:

‫حل‬
‫المشكالت‬
‫النفسية‬

‫معرفة‬
‫الشخصية‬
‫البشرية‬

‫تصحيح‬
‫المناهج‬
‫التعليمية‬

‫فصل‬
‫معدل‬
‫الذكاء‬
‫عن‬
‫صعوبات‬
‫القراءة‬
‫عيوب‬
‫سيكولوجية‬
‫القراءة‬
:

‫االهتمام‬
‫بالقراء‬
‫من‬
‫الناحية‬
‫النفسية‬
‫فقط‬

‫عدم‬
‫بناء‬
‫المواجهة‬
‫اإلجتماعية‬

‫الوقت‬
‫الطويل‬
‫لفهم‬
‫المشكلة‬
‫ا‬
‫األول‬ ‫لمطلب‬
:
‫نظرية‬
‫فيغوسكي‬
‫نظرية‬
‫فيغوسكي‬
=
‫اإلرشاد‬
‫مساعدة‬
‫التالميذ‬
‫سلوكيات‬
‫لتحقيق‬
‫مستوى‬ ‫تحديد‬
‫األداء‬
‫المساعدة‬
‫التشجيع‬
‫إرشادات‬
‫فردية‬
‫التفاعالت‬
‫التعاونية‬
‫والجماعية‬
‫تحديد‬
‫مستوى‬
‫األداء‬
‫نظرية‬
‫فيغوسكي‬
(
‫اإلرشاد‬
)
‫أهم‬
‫األطراف‬
:
‫المعلم‬
(
‫وسيط‬
،
‫مرشد‬
،
‫مساعد‬
...
)
‫تلميذ‬
:
‫قارئ‬
‫أهم‬
‫أفكار‬
‫هذه‬
‫النظرية‬
:
1
-
‫مستوى‬
‫النمو‬
‫العقلي‬
‫ال‬
‫يحدد‬
‫بالعمر‬
‫أو‬
‫القدرة‬
‫الذهنية‬
‫لتلميذ‬
‫أو‬
‫معدل‬
‫الذكاء‬
2
-
‫اإلهتمام‬
‫باإلرشاد‬
‫النفسي‬
‫والمادي‬
‫للتلميذ‬
.
3
-
‫التركيز‬
‫على‬
‫التفاعالت‬
‫التعاونية‬
4
-
‫الرقي‬
‫بالمستوى‬
‫حسب‬
‫الحالة‬
‫فيغوتسك‬ ‫نظرية‬
‫ي‬
‫التعلم‬ ‫في‬
‫سيكولوجية‬
‫المعرفة‬
‫في‬ ‫العقل‬ ‫دور‬
‫المعرفة‬ ‫إكتساب‬
‫اإلستدعاء‬
‫المختلفة‬
‫والحفظ‬ ‫التخزين‬
‫البناء‬ ‫وإعادة‬
‫المعرفة‬ ‫ماوراء‬
=
‫القبيل‬ ‫المكتسبات‬
‫ة‬
‫األفكار‬ ‫أهم‬ ‫العقل‬ ‫نمو‬
/
‫األفكار‬
‫والمغيرة‬ ‫الجديدة‬
‫االفكار‬ ‫ربط‬
‫بالمكتسبات‬
‫القبيلة‬
‫التفاعل‬
‫اإلجتماعي‬
‫المعلم‬
(
‫الوسيط‬
)
‫نظــــــــــــــرية‬
‫فيغوسكي‬
‫نظرية‬
‫اإلستعاب‬
•
‫مشروطة‬ ‫فرد‬ ‫كل‬ ‫نفسية‬ ‫المنطلق‬
‫إجتما‬
‫عيا‬
•
‫األدبي‬ ‫العمل‬
•
‫مثير‬
‫اإلستجابات‬
‫الفردية‬
•
‫الموضوعي‬ ‫التحليل‬
•
‫التأثير‬
•
‫جماعية‬ ‫ومشاعر‬ ‫عواطف‬
‫ا‬
‫الثاني‬ ‫لمطلب‬
:
‫نظرية‬
‫روباكين‬
‫القارئ‬
‫النص‬
‫االستيعاب‬
‫النفسية‬ ‫الفاعلية‬
¨
‫الواحد‬ ‫الكتاب‬ ‫إن‬
‫مختلفة‬ ‫مضامين‬
‫بإختالف‬
‫قرائه‬
¨
‫ا‬
‫الثاني‬ ‫لمطلب‬
:
‫نظرية‬
‫فالغاردس‬
‫ا‬
‫الثاني‬ ‫لمطلب‬
:
‫نظرية‬
‫بيختيريف‬
‫نظرية‬
‫بيخنتريف‬
‫االنعكاسية‬
‫للقراءة‬
‫تعتبر‬
‫القـــــــراءة‬
‫أحد‬
‫أهم‬
‫وسائل‬
‫كسب‬
‫المعـــارف‬
‫والمعلومات‬
‫في‬
‫شتى‬
‫الموضوعات‬
‫والمجاالت‬
‫فهي‬
‫من‬
‫أهم‬
‫نوافذ‬
‫المعرفة‬
‫اإلنسانية‬
‫التي‬
‫يطل‬
‫من‬
‫خاللها‬
‫الفرد‬
‫على‬
‫الفكر‬
‫اإلنساني‬
‫في‬
‫الماضي‬
‫والحاضر‬
‫وذلك‬
‫يكون‬
‫عـــن‬
‫طريق‬
‫إتباعه‬
‫لنظريات‬
‫ومهارات‬
‫سيكـــــولوجية‬
‫القـــــــراءة‬
.
سيكولوجية القراءة ونظراتها.pptx

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