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Table ronde L’accueil et l’éducation de la petite enfance: Un levier pour réduire les inégalités des chances? Ronde tafel Kinderopvang en kleuteronderwijs: Een hefboom voor het milderen van ongelijke levenskansen? 11 mars/maart 2009 Salle des Congrès –  Congreszaal Avec la collaboration de – in samenwerking met
For comments: bennett.paris@gmail.com    The importance of the early years  in the human development cycle Dr. John Bennett Senior researcher for the OECD Starting Strong Network
Contents of the presentation ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],For comments: bennett.paris@gmail.com
Part I  What the scientific evidence says For comments: bennett.paris@gmail.com
0 1 4 8 12 16 AGE   Human Brain Development – Synapse Formation The years from birth – to – three are an optimal time  to support language and cognitive growth Sensing Pathways (vision, hearing) Language Higher Cognitive Function 3 6 9 -3 -6 Months   Years   C. Nelson, in  From Neurons to Neighborhoods , 2000 Conception For comments: bennett.paris@gmail.com
The risk of irreversibility in early childhood   if the environment fails to reinforce the genetic disposition ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],For comments: bennett.paris@gmail.com
Language and Vocabulary Growth – First 3 Years Source: B.Hart & T. Risley. Meaningful Differences in Everyday Experiences of Young American Children, 1995  (Reference: Mary Young, World Bank) For comments:  [email_address]   High SES Middle SES Low SES 1200 600 0 12 16 20 24 26 32 36 Vocabulary Age- Months
  Ignoring the neuroscience research ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],For comments: bennett.paris@gmail.com
The economic research ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],For comments: bennett.paris@gmail.com
Heckman’s curve -  Rates of return to human capital investments  across all ages:  in addition, 0-3 investment pays  in terms of  labour  market, job creation, enlarged tax base… For comments:  [email_address]   and their families
The education evidence  ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],For comments: bennett.paris@gmail.com
The pattern of US (and most other countries!) education investment For comments:  [email_address]
Part II How might countries respond? For comments: bennett.paris@gmail.com
Reduce child poverty - child poverty in OECD countries, c. 2005 For comments: bennett.paris@gmail.com
Access of low-income children to care services in Flanders   (Source: Kind en Gezin,  Child in Flanders, 2006 ) For comments:  [email_address]
The PISA findings for Belgium ,[object Object],[object Object],For comments: bennett.paris@gmail.com
Provide better quality in existing early childhood services ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],For comments: bennett.paris@gmail.com
Thank you! For comments: bennett.paris@gmail.com

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John Bennett

  • 1. Table ronde L’accueil et l’éducation de la petite enfance: Un levier pour réduire les inégalités des chances? Ronde tafel Kinderopvang en kleuteronderwijs: Een hefboom voor het milderen van ongelijke levenskansen? 11 mars/maart 2009 Salle des Congrès – Congreszaal Avec la collaboration de – in samenwerking met
  • 2. For comments: bennett.paris@gmail.com The importance of the early years in the human development cycle Dr. John Bennett Senior researcher for the OECD Starting Strong Network
  • 3.
  • 4. Part I What the scientific evidence says For comments: bennett.paris@gmail.com
  • 5. 0 1 4 8 12 16 AGE Human Brain Development – Synapse Formation The years from birth – to – three are an optimal time to support language and cognitive growth Sensing Pathways (vision, hearing) Language Higher Cognitive Function 3 6 9 -3 -6 Months Years C. Nelson, in From Neurons to Neighborhoods , 2000 Conception For comments: bennett.paris@gmail.com
  • 6.
  • 7. Language and Vocabulary Growth – First 3 Years Source: B.Hart & T. Risley. Meaningful Differences in Everyday Experiences of Young American Children, 1995 (Reference: Mary Young, World Bank) For comments: [email_address] High SES Middle SES Low SES 1200 600 0 12 16 20 24 26 32 36 Vocabulary Age- Months
  • 8.
  • 9.
  • 10. Heckman’s curve - Rates of return to human capital investments across all ages: in addition, 0-3 investment pays in terms of labour market, job creation, enlarged tax base… For comments: [email_address] and their families
  • 11.
  • 12. The pattern of US (and most other countries!) education investment For comments: [email_address]
  • 13. Part II How might countries respond? For comments: bennett.paris@gmail.com
  • 14. Reduce child poverty - child poverty in OECD countries, c. 2005 For comments: bennett.paris@gmail.com
  • 15. Access of low-income children to care services in Flanders (Source: Kind en Gezin, Child in Flanders, 2006 ) For comments: [email_address]
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18. Thank you! For comments: bennett.paris@gmail.com