SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Power PlantPower Plant
DefinitionDefinition
A power station (also referred to as aA power station (also referred to as a
generating station, power plant, powerhouse orgenerating station, power plant, powerhouse or
generating plant) is an industrial facility forgenerating plant) is an industrial facility for
the generation of electric power.the generation of electric power.
Hydraulic Energy / Thermal Energy -> Mechanical Energy -> Electrical EnergyHydraulic Energy / Thermal Energy -> Mechanical Energy -> Electrical Energy
Unit collection of Power PlantUnit collection of Power Plant
 There may be several units which areThere may be several units which are
described below –described below –
1.1. Energy source (Heat, wind, water etc.)Energy source (Heat, wind, water etc.)
2.2. TurbineTurbine
3. Generator (3. Generator (a rotating machine that convertsa rotating machine that converts
mechanical power into electrical power bymechanical power into electrical power by
creating relative motion between a magneticcreating relative motion between a magnetic
field and a conductorfield and a conductor))
Types of Power PlantTypes of Power Plant
1. On the Basis of Primary Source / Fuel –1. On the Basis of Primary Source / Fuel –
(a.) Nuclear Power Plants(a.) Nuclear Power Plants
(b.) Geothermal Power Plants(b.) Geothermal Power Plants
(c.) Fossil-Fuel Power Plants(c.) Fossil-Fuel Power Plants
(d.) Biomass-Fuelled Power Plants(d.) Biomass-Fuelled Power Plants
(e.) Solar Thermal Power Plants(e.) Solar Thermal Power Plants
2.On the Basis of Prime Mover2.On the Basis of Prime Mover
(a.) Steam Turbine Power Plants(a.) Steam Turbine Power Plants
(b.) Gas Turbine Power Plants(b.) Gas Turbine Power Plants
(c.) Combined Cycle Power Plants(c.) Combined Cycle Power Plants
(d.) Internal combustion reciprocating engines are used for small(d.) Internal combustion reciprocating engines are used for small
cogeneration plants likes - Hospitals, office buildings,cogeneration plants likes - Hospitals, office buildings,
industrial plants, and other critical facilities.industrial plants, and other critical facilities.
(e.) Micro turbines, Stirling engine and internal combustion(e.) Micro turbines, Stirling engine and internal combustion
reciprocating engines are low-cost solutions for usingreciprocating engines are low-cost solutions for using
opportunity fuels, such as landfill gas, digester gas from wateropportunity fuels, such as landfill gas, digester gas from water
treatment plants and waste gas from oil productiontreatment plants and waste gas from oil production..
3. On the Basis of Duty3. On the Basis of Duty
(a.) Base Load Power Plants(a.) Base Load Power Plants -- Base Load Power Plants run nearlyBase Load Power Plants run nearly
continually to provide that component of system load that doesn't varycontinually to provide that component of system load that doesn't vary
during a day or week.during a day or week.
(b.) Peaking Power Plants(b.) Peaking Power Plants -- Peaking power plants meet the daily peakPeaking power plants meet the daily peak
load, which may only be for a one or two hours each day. While theirload, which may only be for a one or two hours each day. While their
incremental operating cost is always higher than base load plantsincremental operating cost is always higher than base load plants
(c.) Load Following Power Plants(c.) Load Following Power Plants -- Load following power plants canLoad following power plants can
economically follow the variations in the daily and weekly load, at lowereconomically follow the variations in the daily and weekly load, at lower
cost than peaking plants and with more flexibility than base load plants.cost than peaking plants and with more flexibility than base load plants.
Performance EfficienciesPerformance Efficiencies
 All thermal power plants produce waste heatAll thermal power plants produce waste heat
energy as a by product of the useful electricalenergy as a by product of the useful electrical
energy produced. The amount of waste heatenergy produced. The amount of waste heat
energy equals or exceeds the amount of energyenergy equals or exceeds the amount of energy
converted into useful electricity .converted into useful electricity . Gas-firedGas-fired
power plantspower plants can achievecan achieve “50%”“50%” conversionconversion
efficiency whileefficiency while coal and oil plantscoal and oil plants achieveachieve
aroundaround “30–49%”.“30–49%”.
Cooling Process / Cooling TowerCooling Process / Cooling Tower
(a.) Water Cooled(a.) Water Cooled
(b.) Mechanical Induced(b.) Mechanical Induced
Draft Wet CoolingDraft Wet Cooling
(c.) Air Cooled(c.) Air Cooled
Natural draft wet cooling tower
(a.) Water Cooled -(a.) Water Cooled - many nuclear power plants and large fossilmany nuclear power plants and large fossil
fuel-fired power plants use large hyperboloid chimney - like structures thatfuel-fired power plants use large hyperboloid chimney - like structures that
release the waste heat to the ambient atmosphere by the evaporation of water.release the waste heat to the ambient atmosphere by the evaporation of water.
(b.) Mechanical Induced Draft Wet Cooling -(b.) Mechanical Induced Draft Wet Cooling - Many powerMany power plants useplants use
fans to provide air movement upward through down coming water, and are notfans to provide air movement upward through down coming water, and are not
hyperboloid chimney-like structures.hyperboloid chimney-like structures.
(c.) Air Cooled(c.) Air Cooled –– In areas with restricted water use, a dry cooling tower orIn areas with restricted water use, a dry cooling tower or
directly air-cooled radiators may be necessary. These coolers have lowerdirectly air-cooled radiators may be necessary. These coolers have lower
efficiency and higher energy consumption to drive fans, compared to a typicalefficiency and higher energy consumption to drive fans, compared to a typical
wet, evaporative cooling tower.wet, evaporative cooling tower.
Thermal Power PlantThermal Power Plant
Thermal Power PlantThermal Power Plant
A thermal power station is aA thermal power station is a
power plant in which thepower plant in which the
prime mover is steamprime mover is steam
driven. Water is heated,driven. Water is heated,
turns into steam and spins aturns into steam and spins a
steam turbine which drivessteam turbine which drives
an electrical generator. Afteran electrical generator. After
it passes through theit passes through the
turbine, the steam isturbine, the steam is
condensed in a condensercondensed in a condenser
and recycled to where it wasand recycled to where it was
heated; this is known as aheated; this is known as a
Rankine cycleRankine cycle..
T – S diagram of Rankine Cycle
Components of a Thermal Power PlantComponents of a Thermal Power Plant
 1. Cooling tower1. Cooling tower
 2. Cooling water pump2. Cooling water pump
 3. transmission line (3-phase)3. transmission line (3-phase)
 4. Step-up transformer (3-phase)4. Step-up transformer (3-phase)
 5. Electrical generator (3-phase)5. Electrical generator (3-phase)
 6. Low pressure steam turbine6. Low pressure steam turbine
 7. Condensate pump7. Condensate pump
 8. Surface condenser8. Surface condenser
 9. Intermediate pressure steam turbine9. Intermediate pressure steam turbine
 10. Steam Control valve10. Steam Control valve
 11. High pressure steam turbine11. High pressure steam turbine
 12. De aerator12. De aerator
 13. Feed water heater13. Feed water heater
 14. Boiler steam drum14. Boiler steam drum
 15. Super heater15. Super heater
 16. Forced draught (draft) fan16. Forced draught (draft) fan
 17. Re heater17. Re heater
 18. Combustion air intake18. Combustion air intake
 19. Induced draught (draft) fan19. Induced draught (draft) fan
2.Nuclear Thermal Power Plant2.Nuclear Thermal Power Plant
 The heat is produced byThe heat is produced by
fission in a nuclearfission in a nuclear
reactor (a light waterreactor (a light water
reactor). Directly orreactor). Directly or
indirectly, water vapourindirectly, water vapour
(steam) is produced.(steam) is produced.
The pressurized steam isThe pressurized steam is
then usually fed to athen usually fed to a
multi-stage steammulti-stage steam
turbine.turbine.
Nuclear ReactorsNuclear Reactors
 A nuclear reactor is aA nuclear reactor is a
device to initiate anddevice to initiate and
control a sustainedcontrol a sustained
nuclear chain reaction.nuclear chain reaction.
The most common useThe most common use
of nuclear reactors is forof nuclear reactors is for
the generation ofthe generation of
electric energy and forelectric energy and for
the propulsion of ships.the propulsion of ships.
The nuclear reactor isThe nuclear reactor is
the heart of the plant.the heart of the plant.
Hydraulic Power Plant / HydroelectricityHydraulic Power Plant / Hydroelectricity
 The production ofThe production of
electrical power throughelectrical power through
the use of thethe use of the
gravitational force ofgravitational force of
falling or flowing water.falling or flowing water.
It is the most widelyIt is the most widely
used form of renewableused form of renewable
energy.energy.
Generating Methods of HydroelectricityGenerating Methods of Hydroelectricity
 Conventional ( dams )Conventional ( dams ) -- Most hydroelectric power comes fromMost hydroelectric power comes from
the potential energy of dammed water driving a water turbine andthe potential energy of dammed water driving a water turbine and
generator.generator.
 Pumped-Storage -Pumped-Storage - This method produces electricity to supply highThis method produces electricity to supply high
peak demands by moving water between reservoirs at different elevations.peak demands by moving water between reservoirs at different elevations.
 Run-of-the-River -Run-of-the-River - Run of the river hydropower could provideRun of the river hydropower could provide
potential to drive the turbine.potential to drive the turbine.
 TideTide -- A tidal power plant makes use of the daily rise and fall of oceanA tidal power plant makes use of the daily rise and fall of ocean
water due to tides.water due to tides.
 Underground -Underground - AAn underground power station makes use of a largen underground power station makes use of a large
natural height difference between two waterways, such as a waterfall ornatural height difference between two waterways, such as a waterfall or
mountain lake.mountain lake.
Geothermal Power PlantGeothermal Power Plant
 Geothermal electricity isGeothermal electricity is
electricity generatedelectricity generated
from geothermalfrom geothermal
energy. Technologies inenergy. Technologies in
use include dry steamuse include dry steam
power plants, flashpower plants, flash
steam power plants andsteam power plants and
binary cycle powerbinary cycle power
plants.plants.
Types of Geothermal Power PlantTypes of Geothermal Power Plant
(1.) Dry Steam Power Plant -(1.) Dry Steam Power Plant -They directly use geothermal steam of 150°C orThey directly use geothermal steam of 150°C or
greater to turn turbines.greater to turn turbines.
(2.) Flash Steam Power Plants -(2.) Flash Steam Power Plants - Flash steam plants pull deep, high-pressureFlash steam plants pull deep, high-pressure
hot water into lower-pressure tanks and use the resulting flashed steam to drivehot water into lower-pressure tanks and use the resulting flashed steam to drive
turbines. They require fluid temperatures of at least 180°C, usually more.turbines. They require fluid temperatures of at least 180°C, usually more.
(3.)Binary Cycle Power Plants -(3.)Binary Cycle Power Plants - The moderately hot geothermal water isThe moderately hot geothermal water is
passed by a secondary fluid with a much lower boiling point than water. Thispassed by a secondary fluid with a much lower boiling point than water. This
causes the secondary fluid to flash vaporize, which then drives the turbines.causes the secondary fluid to flash vaporize, which then drives the turbines.
For more visitFor more visit
www.studyhubz.comwww.studyhubz.com
Thank YouThank You
A Power Point Presentation ByA Power Point Presentation By
Yogendra Singh ShekhawatYogendra Singh Shekhawat
B. Tech, Mechanical EngineeringB. Tech, Mechanical Engineering

More Related Content

What's hot

What's hot (20)

Tidal power Plant
Tidal power PlantTidal power Plant
Tidal power Plant
 
Power plant economics
Power plant economicsPower plant economics
Power plant economics
 
Thermal power plant
Thermal power plantThermal power plant
Thermal power plant
 
Working of hydroelectric power plant
Working of hydroelectric power plant Working of hydroelectric power plant
Working of hydroelectric power plant
 
Different types of Power Plants
Different types of Power Plants Different types of Power Plants
Different types of Power Plants
 
Wind power plant
Wind power plant Wind power plant
Wind power plant
 
Solar Thermal Power
Solar Thermal PowerSolar Thermal Power
Solar Thermal Power
 
WIND POWER GENERATION
WIND POWER GENERATIONWIND POWER GENERATION
WIND POWER GENERATION
 
Wind power plant
Wind power plantWind power plant
Wind power plant
 
hydro power plant
hydro power planthydro power plant
hydro power plant
 
power plant engineering
power plant engineeringpower plant engineering
power plant engineering
 
Economics of power plant
Economics of power plantEconomics of power plant
Economics of power plant
 
Power Plant cost & its site selection
Power Plant cost & its site selectionPower Plant cost & its site selection
Power Plant cost & its site selection
 
Solar plant ppt by ritesh kumawat
Solar plant ppt by ritesh kumawatSolar plant ppt by ritesh kumawat
Solar plant ppt by ritesh kumawat
 
Hydro electric power plant
Hydro electric power plantHydro electric power plant
Hydro electric power plant
 
Tidal Energy
Tidal EnergyTidal Energy
Tidal Energy
 
Wind energy
Wind energyWind energy
Wind energy
 
Power plant technology
Power plant technologyPower plant technology
Power plant technology
 
Tidal power plants
Tidal power plantsTidal power plants
Tidal power plants
 
Doubly fed-induction-generator
Doubly fed-induction-generatorDoubly fed-induction-generator
Doubly fed-induction-generator
 

Similar to Power plant, Power Station and types of power plant

powerplant-140710033945-phpapp01.pptx
powerplant-140710033945-phpapp01.pptxpowerplant-140710033945-phpapp01.pptx
powerplant-140710033945-phpapp01.pptxnjmnjk
 
powergeneration-190508075320 (1).pptx
powergeneration-190508075320 (1).pptxpowergeneration-190508075320 (1).pptx
powergeneration-190508075320 (1).pptxAndrewPruett3
 
powergeneration.pptx
powergeneration.pptxpowergeneration.pptx
powergeneration.pptxaroldy
 
Power station or power plant and classification
Power station or power plant and classificationPower station or power plant and classification
Power station or power plant and classificationRajneesh Budania
 
כח יעקב הצגת חברה
כח יעקב הצגת חברהכח יעקב הצגת חברה
כח יעקב הצגת חברהjackob bossira
 
Principles of Power Systems V.K Mehta Complete Book - Chapter 2
Principles of Power Systems V.K Mehta Complete Book - Chapter 2Principles of Power Systems V.K Mehta Complete Book - Chapter 2
Principles of Power Systems V.K Mehta Complete Book - Chapter 2Power System Operation
 
Coal based thermal power plant
Coal based thermal power plant Coal based thermal power plant
Coal based thermal power plant Eklavya Sharma
 
Different power generatrion diagram and its breif explain by swapnil d
Different power generatrion  diagram and its breif explain by swapnil dDifferent power generatrion  diagram and its breif explain by swapnil d
Different power generatrion diagram and its breif explain by swapnil dSwapnil Dhage
 
Power plant training in Delhi NCR
Power plant training in Delhi NCRPower plant training in Delhi NCR
Power plant training in Delhi NCRRaj Nayak
 
Wind TURBINE WORKING PRINCIPLE & Renewable Power Energy.pptx
Wind TURBINE WORKING    PRINCIPLE & Renewable Power Energy.pptxWind TURBINE WORKING    PRINCIPLE & Renewable Power Energy.pptx
Wind TURBINE WORKING PRINCIPLE & Renewable Power Energy.pptxMONOWARHOSSAIN47
 
Wind TURBINE WORKING PRINCIPLE & Renewable Power Energy.pptx
Wind TURBINE WORKING    PRINCIPLE & Renewable Power Energy.pptxWind TURBINE WORKING    PRINCIPLE & Renewable Power Energy.pptx
Wind TURBINE WORKING PRINCIPLE & Renewable Power Energy.pptxMONOWARHOSSAIN47
 
Presentation on art203 for electrical engineers
Presentation on art203 for electrical engineersPresentation on art203 for electrical engineers
Presentation on art203 for electrical engineersK. M. Shahrear Hyder
 
Thermal Power Generation
Thermal Power GenerationThermal Power Generation
Thermal Power GenerationRavinder Jangid
 
thermal Power plant.pptx
thermal Power plant.pptxthermal Power plant.pptx
thermal Power plant.pptxSBegam1
 
POWER PLANT ENGINEERING-Unit 4
POWER PLANT ENGINEERING-Unit 4POWER PLANT ENGINEERING-Unit 4
POWER PLANT ENGINEERING-Unit 4prakash0712
 

Similar to Power plant, Power Station and types of power plant (20)

powerplant-140710033945-phpapp01.pptx
powerplant-140710033945-phpapp01.pptxpowerplant-140710033945-phpapp01.pptx
powerplant-140710033945-phpapp01.pptx
 
powergeneration-190508075320 (1).pptx
powergeneration-190508075320 (1).pptxpowergeneration-190508075320 (1).pptx
powergeneration-190508075320 (1).pptx
 
powergeneration.pptx
powergeneration.pptxpowergeneration.pptx
powergeneration.pptx
 
Hydal power plant
Hydal power plantHydal power plant
Hydal power plant
 
Arun
ArunArun
Arun
 
Power station or power plant and classification
Power station or power plant and classificationPower station or power plant and classification
Power station or power plant and classification
 
כח יעקב הצגת חברה
כח יעקב הצגת חברהכח יעקב הצגת חברה
כח יעקב הצגת חברה
 
Principles of Power Systems V.K Mehta Complete Book - Chapter 2
Principles of Power Systems V.K Mehta Complete Book - Chapter 2Principles of Power Systems V.K Mehta Complete Book - Chapter 2
Principles of Power Systems V.K Mehta Complete Book - Chapter 2
 
Coal based thermal power plant
Coal based thermal power plant Coal based thermal power plant
Coal based thermal power plant
 
Different power generatrion diagram and its breif explain by swapnil d
Different power generatrion  diagram and its breif explain by swapnil dDifferent power generatrion  diagram and its breif explain by swapnil d
Different power generatrion diagram and its breif explain by swapnil d
 
Power plant training in Delhi NCR
Power plant training in Delhi NCRPower plant training in Delhi NCR
Power plant training in Delhi NCR
 
Wind TURBINE WORKING PRINCIPLE & Renewable Power Energy.pptx
Wind TURBINE WORKING    PRINCIPLE & Renewable Power Energy.pptxWind TURBINE WORKING    PRINCIPLE & Renewable Power Energy.pptx
Wind TURBINE WORKING PRINCIPLE & Renewable Power Energy.pptx
 
Wind TURBINE WORKING PRINCIPLE & Renewable Power Energy.pptx
Wind TURBINE WORKING    PRINCIPLE & Renewable Power Energy.pptxWind TURBINE WORKING    PRINCIPLE & Renewable Power Energy.pptx
Wind TURBINE WORKING PRINCIPLE & Renewable Power Energy.pptx
 
Presentation on art203 for electrical engineers
Presentation on art203 for electrical engineersPresentation on art203 for electrical engineers
Presentation on art203 for electrical engineers
 
Power generation
Power generationPower generation
Power generation
 
5729944.ppt
5729944.ppt5729944.ppt
5729944.ppt
 
Thermal Power Generation
Thermal Power GenerationThermal Power Generation
Thermal Power Generation
 
thermal Power plant.pptx
thermal Power plant.pptxthermal Power plant.pptx
thermal Power plant.pptx
 
Unit-IV.pptx
Unit-IV.pptxUnit-IV.pptx
Unit-IV.pptx
 
POWER PLANT ENGINEERING-Unit 4
POWER PLANT ENGINEERING-Unit 4POWER PLANT ENGINEERING-Unit 4
POWER PLANT ENGINEERING-Unit 4
 

More from Poornima Group of Institutions, Jaipur (10)

I vtec ppt
I vtec pptI vtec ppt
I vtec ppt
 
Crdi ppt
Crdi pptCrdi ppt
Crdi ppt
 
power point presentation on summer internship training at ultratech cement.
power point presentation on summer internship training at ultratech cement.power point presentation on summer internship training at ultratech cement.
power point presentation on summer internship training at ultratech cement.
 
Training Report, Thermal Power Plant Report, KSTPS Report
Training Report, Thermal Power Plant Report, KSTPS ReportTraining Report, Thermal Power Plant Report, KSTPS Report
Training Report, Thermal Power Plant Report, KSTPS Report
 
Force
ForceForce
Force
 
Gear
GearGear
Gear
 
Energy
EnergyEnergy
Energy
 
Vibration
VibrationVibration
Vibration
 
Friction, types of friction and different laws of friction
Friction, types of friction and different laws of frictionFriction, types of friction and different laws of friction
Friction, types of friction and different laws of friction
 
Engine, types of engine
Engine, types of engineEngine, types of engine
Engine, types of engine
 

Recently uploaded

The impact of social media on mental health and well-being has been a topic o...
The impact of social media on mental health and well-being has been a topic o...The impact of social media on mental health and well-being has been a topic o...
The impact of social media on mental health and well-being has been a topic o...sanghavirahi2
 
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyesppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyesashishpaul799
 
Sectors of the Indian Economy - Class 10 Study Notes pdf
Sectors of the Indian Economy - Class 10 Study Notes pdfSectors of the Indian Economy - Class 10 Study Notes pdf
Sectors of the Indian Economy - Class 10 Study Notes pdfVivekanand Anglo Vedic Academy
 
How to the fix Attribute Error in odoo 17
How to the fix Attribute Error in odoo 17How to the fix Attribute Error in odoo 17
How to the fix Attribute Error in odoo 17Celine George
 
The Last Leaf, a short story by O. Henry
The Last Leaf, a short story by O. HenryThe Last Leaf, a short story by O. Henry
The Last Leaf, a short story by O. HenryEugene Lysak
 
[GDSC YCCE] Build with AI Online Presentation
[GDSC YCCE] Build with AI Online Presentation[GDSC YCCE] Build with AI Online Presentation
[GDSC YCCE] Build with AI Online PresentationGDSCYCCE
 
The Art Pastor's Guide to Sabbath | Steve Thomason
The Art Pastor's Guide to Sabbath | Steve ThomasonThe Art Pastor's Guide to Sabbath | Steve Thomason
The Art Pastor's Guide to Sabbath | Steve ThomasonSteve Thomason
 
Basic Civil Engg Notes_Chapter-6_Environment Pollution & Engineering
Basic Civil Engg Notes_Chapter-6_Environment Pollution & EngineeringBasic Civil Engg Notes_Chapter-6_Environment Pollution & Engineering
Basic Civil Engg Notes_Chapter-6_Environment Pollution & EngineeringDenish Jangid
 
Matatag-Curriculum and the 21st Century Skills Presentation.pptx
Matatag-Curriculum and the 21st Century Skills Presentation.pptxMatatag-Curriculum and the 21st Century Skills Presentation.pptx
Matatag-Curriculum and the 21st Century Skills Presentation.pptxJenilouCasareno
 
How to Create Map Views in the Odoo 17 ERP
How to Create Map Views in the Odoo 17 ERPHow to Create Map Views in the Odoo 17 ERP
How to Create Map Views in the Odoo 17 ERPCeline George
 
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17Celine George
 
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...Sayali Powar
 
Salient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptx
Salient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptxSalient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptx
Salient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptxakshayaramakrishnan21
 
Sha'Carri Richardson Presentation 202345
Sha'Carri Richardson Presentation 202345Sha'Carri Richardson Presentation 202345
Sha'Carri Richardson Presentation 202345beazzy04
 
size separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceutics
size separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceuticssize separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceutics
size separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceuticspragatimahajan3
 
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Discuss App.pptx
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Discuss App.pptxAn Overview of the Odoo 17 Discuss App.pptx
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Discuss App.pptxCeline George
 
Advances in production technology of Grapes.pdf
Advances in production technology of Grapes.pdfAdvances in production technology of Grapes.pdf
Advances in production technology of Grapes.pdfDr. M. Kumaresan Hort.
 
Basic phrases for greeting and assisting costumers
Basic phrases for greeting and assisting costumersBasic phrases for greeting and assisting costumers
Basic phrases for greeting and assisting costumersPedroFerreira53928
 
INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdf
INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdfINU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdf
INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdfbu07226
 

Recently uploaded (20)

The impact of social media on mental health and well-being has been a topic o...
The impact of social media on mental health and well-being has been a topic o...The impact of social media on mental health and well-being has been a topic o...
The impact of social media on mental health and well-being has been a topic o...
 
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyesppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
 
B.ed spl. HI pdusu exam paper-2023-24.pdf
B.ed spl. HI pdusu exam paper-2023-24.pdfB.ed spl. HI pdusu exam paper-2023-24.pdf
B.ed spl. HI pdusu exam paper-2023-24.pdf
 
Sectors of the Indian Economy - Class 10 Study Notes pdf
Sectors of the Indian Economy - Class 10 Study Notes pdfSectors of the Indian Economy - Class 10 Study Notes pdf
Sectors of the Indian Economy - Class 10 Study Notes pdf
 
How to the fix Attribute Error in odoo 17
How to the fix Attribute Error in odoo 17How to the fix Attribute Error in odoo 17
How to the fix Attribute Error in odoo 17
 
The Last Leaf, a short story by O. Henry
The Last Leaf, a short story by O. HenryThe Last Leaf, a short story by O. Henry
The Last Leaf, a short story by O. Henry
 
[GDSC YCCE] Build with AI Online Presentation
[GDSC YCCE] Build with AI Online Presentation[GDSC YCCE] Build with AI Online Presentation
[GDSC YCCE] Build with AI Online Presentation
 
The Art Pastor's Guide to Sabbath | Steve Thomason
The Art Pastor's Guide to Sabbath | Steve ThomasonThe Art Pastor's Guide to Sabbath | Steve Thomason
The Art Pastor's Guide to Sabbath | Steve Thomason
 
Basic Civil Engg Notes_Chapter-6_Environment Pollution & Engineering
Basic Civil Engg Notes_Chapter-6_Environment Pollution & EngineeringBasic Civil Engg Notes_Chapter-6_Environment Pollution & Engineering
Basic Civil Engg Notes_Chapter-6_Environment Pollution & Engineering
 
Matatag-Curriculum and the 21st Century Skills Presentation.pptx
Matatag-Curriculum and the 21st Century Skills Presentation.pptxMatatag-Curriculum and the 21st Century Skills Presentation.pptx
Matatag-Curriculum and the 21st Century Skills Presentation.pptx
 
How to Create Map Views in the Odoo 17 ERP
How to Create Map Views in the Odoo 17 ERPHow to Create Map Views in the Odoo 17 ERP
How to Create Map Views in the Odoo 17 ERP
 
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17
How to Manage Notification Preferences in the Odoo 17
 
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
 
Salient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptx
Salient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptxSalient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptx
Salient features of Environment protection Act 1986.pptx
 
Sha'Carri Richardson Presentation 202345
Sha'Carri Richardson Presentation 202345Sha'Carri Richardson Presentation 202345
Sha'Carri Richardson Presentation 202345
 
size separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceutics
size separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceuticssize separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceutics
size separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceutics
 
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Discuss App.pptx
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Discuss App.pptxAn Overview of the Odoo 17 Discuss App.pptx
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Discuss App.pptx
 
Advances in production technology of Grapes.pdf
Advances in production technology of Grapes.pdfAdvances in production technology of Grapes.pdf
Advances in production technology of Grapes.pdf
 
Basic phrases for greeting and assisting costumers
Basic phrases for greeting and assisting costumersBasic phrases for greeting and assisting costumers
Basic phrases for greeting and assisting costumers
 
INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdf
INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdfINU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdf
INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdf
 

Power plant, Power Station and types of power plant

  • 2. DefinitionDefinition A power station (also referred to as aA power station (also referred to as a generating station, power plant, powerhouse orgenerating station, power plant, powerhouse or generating plant) is an industrial facility forgenerating plant) is an industrial facility for the generation of electric power.the generation of electric power. Hydraulic Energy / Thermal Energy -> Mechanical Energy -> Electrical EnergyHydraulic Energy / Thermal Energy -> Mechanical Energy -> Electrical Energy
  • 3. Unit collection of Power PlantUnit collection of Power Plant  There may be several units which areThere may be several units which are described below –described below – 1.1. Energy source (Heat, wind, water etc.)Energy source (Heat, wind, water etc.) 2.2. TurbineTurbine 3. Generator (3. Generator (a rotating machine that convertsa rotating machine that converts mechanical power into electrical power bymechanical power into electrical power by creating relative motion between a magneticcreating relative motion between a magnetic field and a conductorfield and a conductor))
  • 4. Types of Power PlantTypes of Power Plant 1. On the Basis of Primary Source / Fuel –1. On the Basis of Primary Source / Fuel – (a.) Nuclear Power Plants(a.) Nuclear Power Plants (b.) Geothermal Power Plants(b.) Geothermal Power Plants (c.) Fossil-Fuel Power Plants(c.) Fossil-Fuel Power Plants (d.) Biomass-Fuelled Power Plants(d.) Biomass-Fuelled Power Plants (e.) Solar Thermal Power Plants(e.) Solar Thermal Power Plants
  • 5. 2.On the Basis of Prime Mover2.On the Basis of Prime Mover (a.) Steam Turbine Power Plants(a.) Steam Turbine Power Plants (b.) Gas Turbine Power Plants(b.) Gas Turbine Power Plants (c.) Combined Cycle Power Plants(c.) Combined Cycle Power Plants (d.) Internal combustion reciprocating engines are used for small(d.) Internal combustion reciprocating engines are used for small cogeneration plants likes - Hospitals, office buildings,cogeneration plants likes - Hospitals, office buildings, industrial plants, and other critical facilities.industrial plants, and other critical facilities. (e.) Micro turbines, Stirling engine and internal combustion(e.) Micro turbines, Stirling engine and internal combustion reciprocating engines are low-cost solutions for usingreciprocating engines are low-cost solutions for using opportunity fuels, such as landfill gas, digester gas from wateropportunity fuels, such as landfill gas, digester gas from water treatment plants and waste gas from oil productiontreatment plants and waste gas from oil production..
  • 6. 3. On the Basis of Duty3. On the Basis of Duty (a.) Base Load Power Plants(a.) Base Load Power Plants -- Base Load Power Plants run nearlyBase Load Power Plants run nearly continually to provide that component of system load that doesn't varycontinually to provide that component of system load that doesn't vary during a day or week.during a day or week. (b.) Peaking Power Plants(b.) Peaking Power Plants -- Peaking power plants meet the daily peakPeaking power plants meet the daily peak load, which may only be for a one or two hours each day. While theirload, which may only be for a one or two hours each day. While their incremental operating cost is always higher than base load plantsincremental operating cost is always higher than base load plants (c.) Load Following Power Plants(c.) Load Following Power Plants -- Load following power plants canLoad following power plants can economically follow the variations in the daily and weekly load, at lowereconomically follow the variations in the daily and weekly load, at lower cost than peaking plants and with more flexibility than base load plants.cost than peaking plants and with more flexibility than base load plants.
  • 7. Performance EfficienciesPerformance Efficiencies  All thermal power plants produce waste heatAll thermal power plants produce waste heat energy as a by product of the useful electricalenergy as a by product of the useful electrical energy produced. The amount of waste heatenergy produced. The amount of waste heat energy equals or exceeds the amount of energyenergy equals or exceeds the amount of energy converted into useful electricity .converted into useful electricity . Gas-firedGas-fired power plantspower plants can achievecan achieve “50%”“50%” conversionconversion efficiency whileefficiency while coal and oil plantscoal and oil plants achieveachieve aroundaround “30–49%”.“30–49%”.
  • 8. Cooling Process / Cooling TowerCooling Process / Cooling Tower (a.) Water Cooled(a.) Water Cooled (b.) Mechanical Induced(b.) Mechanical Induced Draft Wet CoolingDraft Wet Cooling (c.) Air Cooled(c.) Air Cooled Natural draft wet cooling tower
  • 9. (a.) Water Cooled -(a.) Water Cooled - many nuclear power plants and large fossilmany nuclear power plants and large fossil fuel-fired power plants use large hyperboloid chimney - like structures thatfuel-fired power plants use large hyperboloid chimney - like structures that release the waste heat to the ambient atmosphere by the evaporation of water.release the waste heat to the ambient atmosphere by the evaporation of water. (b.) Mechanical Induced Draft Wet Cooling -(b.) Mechanical Induced Draft Wet Cooling - Many powerMany power plants useplants use fans to provide air movement upward through down coming water, and are notfans to provide air movement upward through down coming water, and are not hyperboloid chimney-like structures.hyperboloid chimney-like structures. (c.) Air Cooled(c.) Air Cooled –– In areas with restricted water use, a dry cooling tower orIn areas with restricted water use, a dry cooling tower or directly air-cooled radiators may be necessary. These coolers have lowerdirectly air-cooled radiators may be necessary. These coolers have lower efficiency and higher energy consumption to drive fans, compared to a typicalefficiency and higher energy consumption to drive fans, compared to a typical wet, evaporative cooling tower.wet, evaporative cooling tower.
  • 11. Thermal Power PlantThermal Power Plant A thermal power station is aA thermal power station is a power plant in which thepower plant in which the prime mover is steamprime mover is steam driven. Water is heated,driven. Water is heated, turns into steam and spins aturns into steam and spins a steam turbine which drivessteam turbine which drives an electrical generator. Afteran electrical generator. After it passes through theit passes through the turbine, the steam isturbine, the steam is condensed in a condensercondensed in a condenser and recycled to where it wasand recycled to where it was heated; this is known as aheated; this is known as a Rankine cycleRankine cycle.. T – S diagram of Rankine Cycle
  • 12. Components of a Thermal Power PlantComponents of a Thermal Power Plant  1. Cooling tower1. Cooling tower  2. Cooling water pump2. Cooling water pump  3. transmission line (3-phase)3. transmission line (3-phase)  4. Step-up transformer (3-phase)4. Step-up transformer (3-phase)  5. Electrical generator (3-phase)5. Electrical generator (3-phase)  6. Low pressure steam turbine6. Low pressure steam turbine  7. Condensate pump7. Condensate pump  8. Surface condenser8. Surface condenser  9. Intermediate pressure steam turbine9. Intermediate pressure steam turbine  10. Steam Control valve10. Steam Control valve  11. High pressure steam turbine11. High pressure steam turbine  12. De aerator12. De aerator  13. Feed water heater13. Feed water heater  14. Boiler steam drum14. Boiler steam drum  15. Super heater15. Super heater  16. Forced draught (draft) fan16. Forced draught (draft) fan  17. Re heater17. Re heater  18. Combustion air intake18. Combustion air intake  19. Induced draught (draft) fan19. Induced draught (draft) fan
  • 13. 2.Nuclear Thermal Power Plant2.Nuclear Thermal Power Plant  The heat is produced byThe heat is produced by fission in a nuclearfission in a nuclear reactor (a light waterreactor (a light water reactor). Directly orreactor). Directly or indirectly, water vapourindirectly, water vapour (steam) is produced.(steam) is produced. The pressurized steam isThe pressurized steam is then usually fed to athen usually fed to a multi-stage steammulti-stage steam turbine.turbine.
  • 14. Nuclear ReactorsNuclear Reactors  A nuclear reactor is aA nuclear reactor is a device to initiate anddevice to initiate and control a sustainedcontrol a sustained nuclear chain reaction.nuclear chain reaction. The most common useThe most common use of nuclear reactors is forof nuclear reactors is for the generation ofthe generation of electric energy and forelectric energy and for the propulsion of ships.the propulsion of ships. The nuclear reactor isThe nuclear reactor is the heart of the plant.the heart of the plant.
  • 15. Hydraulic Power Plant / HydroelectricityHydraulic Power Plant / Hydroelectricity  The production ofThe production of electrical power throughelectrical power through the use of thethe use of the gravitational force ofgravitational force of falling or flowing water.falling or flowing water. It is the most widelyIt is the most widely used form of renewableused form of renewable energy.energy.
  • 16. Generating Methods of HydroelectricityGenerating Methods of Hydroelectricity  Conventional ( dams )Conventional ( dams ) -- Most hydroelectric power comes fromMost hydroelectric power comes from the potential energy of dammed water driving a water turbine andthe potential energy of dammed water driving a water turbine and generator.generator.  Pumped-Storage -Pumped-Storage - This method produces electricity to supply highThis method produces electricity to supply high peak demands by moving water between reservoirs at different elevations.peak demands by moving water between reservoirs at different elevations.  Run-of-the-River -Run-of-the-River - Run of the river hydropower could provideRun of the river hydropower could provide potential to drive the turbine.potential to drive the turbine.  TideTide -- A tidal power plant makes use of the daily rise and fall of oceanA tidal power plant makes use of the daily rise and fall of ocean water due to tides.water due to tides.  Underground -Underground - AAn underground power station makes use of a largen underground power station makes use of a large natural height difference between two waterways, such as a waterfall ornatural height difference between two waterways, such as a waterfall or mountain lake.mountain lake.
  • 17. Geothermal Power PlantGeothermal Power Plant  Geothermal electricity isGeothermal electricity is electricity generatedelectricity generated from geothermalfrom geothermal energy. Technologies inenergy. Technologies in use include dry steamuse include dry steam power plants, flashpower plants, flash steam power plants andsteam power plants and binary cycle powerbinary cycle power plants.plants.
  • 18. Types of Geothermal Power PlantTypes of Geothermal Power Plant (1.) Dry Steam Power Plant -(1.) Dry Steam Power Plant -They directly use geothermal steam of 150°C orThey directly use geothermal steam of 150°C or greater to turn turbines.greater to turn turbines. (2.) Flash Steam Power Plants -(2.) Flash Steam Power Plants - Flash steam plants pull deep, high-pressureFlash steam plants pull deep, high-pressure hot water into lower-pressure tanks and use the resulting flashed steam to drivehot water into lower-pressure tanks and use the resulting flashed steam to drive turbines. They require fluid temperatures of at least 180°C, usually more.turbines. They require fluid temperatures of at least 180°C, usually more. (3.)Binary Cycle Power Plants -(3.)Binary Cycle Power Plants - The moderately hot geothermal water isThe moderately hot geothermal water is passed by a secondary fluid with a much lower boiling point than water. Thispassed by a secondary fluid with a much lower boiling point than water. This causes the secondary fluid to flash vaporize, which then drives the turbines.causes the secondary fluid to flash vaporize, which then drives the turbines.
  • 19. For more visitFor more visit www.studyhubz.comwww.studyhubz.com Thank YouThank You A Power Point Presentation ByA Power Point Presentation By Yogendra Singh ShekhawatYogendra Singh Shekhawat B. Tech, Mechanical EngineeringB. Tech, Mechanical Engineering