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Presented by
Md. Atiqur Rahman
Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering
Leading University
What is Power Generation
Power generation is the process of generating electric
energy from other forms of energy.
The fundamental principles of electricity generation were
discovered during the 1820s and early 1830s by the British
scientist Michael Faraday. His basic method is still used today
electricity is generated by the movement of a loop of wire, or
disc of copper between the poles of a magnet.
History of Power Generation
In September of 1831, Michael Faraday
made the discovery of Electromagnetic
Induction
Faraday attached two wires to a
disc and rotated the disc
between the opposing poles of a
horseshoe magnet creating
an electric current
Methods of Generating Power
Static electricity
Electromagnetic induction
Electrochemistry
Photoelectric effect
Thermoelectric effect
Piezoelectric effect
Nuclear transformation
Power Generation in
Bangladesh
Present Structure of Power Sector
Apex Institution
 Power Division, Ministry of Power, Energy & Mineral Resources (MPEMR)
Regulator
 Bangladesh Energy Regulatory Commission (BERC)
Generation
 Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB)
 Ashuganj Power Station Company Ltd. (APSCL)
 Electricity Generation Company of Bangladesh (EGCB)
 North West Power Generation Company Ltd. (NWPGCL)
 Independent Power Producers (IPPs)
Transmission
Power Grid Company of Bangladesh Ltd (PGCB)
Distribution
Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB)
Dhaka Power Distribution Company (DPDC)
Dhaka Electric Supply Company Ltd (DESCO)
West Zone Power Distribution Company (WZPDC)
Rural Electrification Board (REB) through Rural Co-operatives
Present Power Scenario
Bangladesh’s Power Sector: At a Glance (FY 2011)
 Electricity Growth : 7.20 % in FY-2011 (Av. 7 % since 1990)
 Generation Capacity : 7119 MW (Oct., 2011)
 Total Consumers : 12.5 Million
 Transmission Lines : 8,600 km
 Distribution Lines : 2,78,000 km
 Per Capita Generation : 252 kWh (incl. Captive)
 Access to Electricity : 50 %
Present Generation Capacity (Oct., 2011)
Public Sector Generation Capacity (MW)
BPDB 2868
APSCL 659
EGCB 255
Subtotal 3782(53%)
Private Sector Generation Capacity (MW)
IPPs 1231
SIPPs (BPDB) 99
SIPPs (REB) 226
15 YR. Rental 168
3/5 YR. Rental 1613
Subtotal 3337(47%)
Total 7119
Demand Supply Situation
 Generation: 5000 – 5300 MW (Capacity- 7119 MW)
 Highest so far: 5244 MW ( August 29, 2011)
 Gas shortage causes 400 - 600 MW less Power Generation
 Peak Demand: 6000 MW (with DSM)
 Load shedding up to 800 MW during hot summer days (with
DSM)
 Shortage and unreliable power supply has constrained
economic growth
Age of Power Plants
Age Group (Years) Generation Capacity (MW)
40+ 208
31 –40 156
21 – 30 1268
11 – 20 1412
01 – 10 4075
Total 7119
Planning Perspective
Primary Fuel Supply Scenario
 Gas: No significant gas discovery in recent years; off – shore
and on – shore gas exploration initiatives & increased reserves
in present fields may change the present scenario
 Coal: Near term option; Indigenous or Imported; Base Load
 Oil: Volatile market; High price; For peaking duty
 LNG: Necessary to ensure secure and reliable gas supply
 Nuclear: Safe technology; No pollution; Expected to be future
Base Load option
Power Generation Projects up to 2016
Calendar Year Wise Projects Completion (From 2010 to 2016)
YEAR 2010
(MW)
Commi
ssioned
2011
(MW)
2012
(MW)
2013
(MW)
2014
(MW)
2015
(MW)
2016
(MW)
TOTA
L
(MW)
Public 255 851 838 1190 1270 450 1500 6204
Private 520 1343 1319 1034 1003 1900 1300 8549
Total 775 2194 2157 2224 2273 2350 2800 14773
Challenges
Enhanced Gas Exploration, Production
 Domestic coal development
 Coal Import (long term contract) and deep sea port for coal
handling
 LNG import
 Safe Nuclear Technology
Primary Fuel Supply
 Ensuring financing for Public and Private sector projects
 Availability of foreign currency
Project Financing
 Infrastructure development by Railway and R&H
 Dredging of river routes by BIWTA
 Capacity build up of BPC, Railway, R&H and BIWTA etc
Transportation of fuel and equipment
 Development of skilled manpower: adopt and operate new
technology
Human Resources Development
 Development of skilled manpower: adopt and operate new
technology
Thank You
Reference
http://www.constantenergy.co.uk/generation.aspx
http://www.usea.org/programs/eupp/BPDB_Generati
on_Partnership/Presentations/Overview_of_BPDB
 The Institution of Engineering & Technology: Michael
Faraday
 http://www.parliament.uk/edm/2010-12/2061

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Power genaration in bangladesh

  • 1.
  • 2. Presented by Md. Atiqur Rahman Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering Leading University
  • 3. What is Power Generation Power generation is the process of generating electric energy from other forms of energy. The fundamental principles of electricity generation were discovered during the 1820s and early 1830s by the British scientist Michael Faraday. His basic method is still used today electricity is generated by the movement of a loop of wire, or disc of copper between the poles of a magnet.
  • 4. History of Power Generation In September of 1831, Michael Faraday made the discovery of Electromagnetic Induction Faraday attached two wires to a disc and rotated the disc between the opposing poles of a horseshoe magnet creating an electric current
  • 5. Methods of Generating Power Static electricity Electromagnetic induction Electrochemistry Photoelectric effect Thermoelectric effect Piezoelectric effect Nuclear transformation
  • 7. Present Structure of Power Sector Apex Institution  Power Division, Ministry of Power, Energy & Mineral Resources (MPEMR) Regulator  Bangladesh Energy Regulatory Commission (BERC) Generation  Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB)  Ashuganj Power Station Company Ltd. (APSCL)  Electricity Generation Company of Bangladesh (EGCB)  North West Power Generation Company Ltd. (NWPGCL)  Independent Power Producers (IPPs)
  • 8. Transmission Power Grid Company of Bangladesh Ltd (PGCB) Distribution Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB) Dhaka Power Distribution Company (DPDC) Dhaka Electric Supply Company Ltd (DESCO) West Zone Power Distribution Company (WZPDC) Rural Electrification Board (REB) through Rural Co-operatives
  • 10. Bangladesh’s Power Sector: At a Glance (FY 2011)  Electricity Growth : 7.20 % in FY-2011 (Av. 7 % since 1990)  Generation Capacity : 7119 MW (Oct., 2011)  Total Consumers : 12.5 Million  Transmission Lines : 8,600 km  Distribution Lines : 2,78,000 km  Per Capita Generation : 252 kWh (incl. Captive)  Access to Electricity : 50 %
  • 11. Present Generation Capacity (Oct., 2011) Public Sector Generation Capacity (MW) BPDB 2868 APSCL 659 EGCB 255 Subtotal 3782(53%) Private Sector Generation Capacity (MW) IPPs 1231 SIPPs (BPDB) 99 SIPPs (REB) 226 15 YR. Rental 168 3/5 YR. Rental 1613 Subtotal 3337(47%) Total 7119
  • 12. Demand Supply Situation  Generation: 5000 – 5300 MW (Capacity- 7119 MW)  Highest so far: 5244 MW ( August 29, 2011)  Gas shortage causes 400 - 600 MW less Power Generation  Peak Demand: 6000 MW (with DSM)  Load shedding up to 800 MW during hot summer days (with DSM)  Shortage and unreliable power supply has constrained economic growth
  • 13. Age of Power Plants Age Group (Years) Generation Capacity (MW) 40+ 208 31 –40 156 21 – 30 1268 11 – 20 1412 01 – 10 4075 Total 7119
  • 15. Primary Fuel Supply Scenario  Gas: No significant gas discovery in recent years; off – shore and on – shore gas exploration initiatives & increased reserves in present fields may change the present scenario  Coal: Near term option; Indigenous or Imported; Base Load  Oil: Volatile market; High price; For peaking duty  LNG: Necessary to ensure secure and reliable gas supply  Nuclear: Safe technology; No pollution; Expected to be future Base Load option
  • 16. Power Generation Projects up to 2016 Calendar Year Wise Projects Completion (From 2010 to 2016) YEAR 2010 (MW) Commi ssioned 2011 (MW) 2012 (MW) 2013 (MW) 2014 (MW) 2015 (MW) 2016 (MW) TOTA L (MW) Public 255 851 838 1190 1270 450 1500 6204 Private 520 1343 1319 1034 1003 1900 1300 8549 Total 775 2194 2157 2224 2273 2350 2800 14773
  • 17. Challenges Enhanced Gas Exploration, Production  Domestic coal development  Coal Import (long term contract) and deep sea port for coal handling  LNG import  Safe Nuclear Technology Primary Fuel Supply  Ensuring financing for Public and Private sector projects  Availability of foreign currency
  • 18. Project Financing  Infrastructure development by Railway and R&H  Dredging of river routes by BIWTA  Capacity build up of BPC, Railway, R&H and BIWTA etc Transportation of fuel and equipment  Development of skilled manpower: adopt and operate new technology Human Resources Development  Development of skilled manpower: adopt and operate new technology