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POWER AND POLITICS




Abi Noviadi
Amir Hamzah
Anggariti Tirtosudarmo
Tantia Dian
Theresia Agustina
Content

 Political Style and
 Sources




                 Political Tactics
                                     Politics in the
                                     Organization
Who Are They?
What do They Have in Common?
They Have The Power




They Create Dependency through Importance,
      Scarcity and Non Substitutability
Bases of Power
Formal Power                    Personal Power

Coercive Power
                                Expert Power

Reward Power

                                Referent Power
Legitimate Power
Their Bases of Power




Expert Power        Legitimate Power,   Referent Power
                     Referent Power
Their Power Tactics




Legitimacy     Rational Persuasion, Pressure,   Inspirational Appeals
                         Coalitions



They differ in their ability to influence in such a way to
         hence their objectives (Political Skill)
Politics
The Ability to Influence the Others to Enhance Their
                    Own Objectives




Influence the advantages and disadvantages in the
     organization due to the limited resources
Politics in The Organization
         Garuda Indonesia

     Individual Factors
     •High Self – Monitors
     •Internal Locus of Control
     •High Mach Personality
     •Organizational
                                  High Political
     Investment                   Behavior
     •Expectations of success

                                  Right Power
                                  Tactics
 Organizational Factors
                                                   Increased
 •Reallocation of resources                        Revenue and
 •Low trust                       Visionary        Achievements
 •Role ambiguity                  Strategy
 •Unclear performance
 evaluation system
 •Zero sum reward practices       Impression
 •Democratic decision making      Management
 •High performance pressures
 •Self serving senior
 managers
Politics in The Organization
                     Nielsen

     Individual Factors
     •Coercive
     •High Self – Monitors
     •Internal Locus of Control
     •High Mach Personality       High Political
     •High expectations of
                                  Behavior
     success but with low
     appreciation

                                  Wrong Power
 Organizational Factors           Tactics
                                                   Not Achieving
 •Reallocation of resources
 •Low trust
                                                   Revenue and
 •Role ambiguity
                                  Defensive        Targets
 •Unclear performance             Behaviors
 evaluation system
 •Zero sum reward practices
 •Not democratic decision         Unethical
 making                           Impression
 •High performance pressures      Management
 •Self serving senior
 managers
Impression Management
The Use of IM                                      The Controversy

Control the perception and
impression about
themselves (personal                              Interview vs. real work
branding)                                         result


May involve different
techniques                                        Usually relates with
                                                  hypocrisy
Should be combined with
skills and ability




                It is not always bad to make good impression
Sexual Harassment

Negativity                                     The Regulation


Abuse of Power                                Company Code of
                                              Conduct

Effects the employment
and creates hostile                           National Regulation
working environment                           for Workforce




 Unequal Power in the Workplace, thus should be critically avoided
Ethics in Organizational Politics
                                               Tidak Etis

         Tidak Etis                                                                                        Tidak Etis
                                                   Tidak


                                       Apakah tindakan politik termaksud
               Ya                           menghormati hak-hak                      Ya                      Tidak
                                          pihak-pihak yang terkena ?
                                       Pertanyaan Kedua


Pertanyaan Pertama                                                     Pertanyaan Ketiga
                                                                       Apakah tindakan politik termaksud
  Apakah tindakan politik termaksud                                       adil dan sesuai hati nurani ?
            dimotivasi oleh                        Tidak
     kepentingan sendiri dengan
 meniadakan kepentingan organisasi ?
                                                                                     Ya                     Etis
THANK YOU




Implications for Managers

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Power and politics

  • 1. POWER AND POLITICS Abi Noviadi Amir Hamzah Anggariti Tirtosudarmo Tantia Dian Theresia Agustina
  • 2. Content Political Style and Sources Political Tactics Politics in the Organization
  • 3. Who Are They? What do They Have in Common?
  • 4. They Have The Power They Create Dependency through Importance, Scarcity and Non Substitutability
  • 5. Bases of Power Formal Power Personal Power Coercive Power Expert Power Reward Power Referent Power Legitimate Power
  • 6. Their Bases of Power Expert Power Legitimate Power, Referent Power Referent Power
  • 7. Their Power Tactics Legitimacy Rational Persuasion, Pressure, Inspirational Appeals Coalitions They differ in their ability to influence in such a way to hence their objectives (Political Skill)
  • 8. Politics The Ability to Influence the Others to Enhance Their Own Objectives Influence the advantages and disadvantages in the organization due to the limited resources
  • 9. Politics in The Organization Garuda Indonesia Individual Factors •High Self – Monitors •Internal Locus of Control •High Mach Personality •Organizational High Political Investment Behavior •Expectations of success Right Power Tactics Organizational Factors Increased •Reallocation of resources Revenue and •Low trust Visionary Achievements •Role ambiguity Strategy •Unclear performance evaluation system •Zero sum reward practices Impression •Democratic decision making Management •High performance pressures •Self serving senior managers
  • 10. Politics in The Organization Nielsen Individual Factors •Coercive •High Self – Monitors •Internal Locus of Control •High Mach Personality High Political •High expectations of Behavior success but with low appreciation Wrong Power Organizational Factors Tactics Not Achieving •Reallocation of resources •Low trust Revenue and •Role ambiguity Defensive Targets •Unclear performance Behaviors evaluation system •Zero sum reward practices •Not democratic decision Unethical making Impression •High performance pressures Management •Self serving senior managers
  • 11. Impression Management The Use of IM The Controversy Control the perception and impression about themselves (personal Interview vs. real work branding) result May involve different techniques Usually relates with hypocrisy Should be combined with skills and ability It is not always bad to make good impression
  • 12. Sexual Harassment Negativity The Regulation Abuse of Power Company Code of Conduct Effects the employment and creates hostile National Regulation working environment for Workforce Unequal Power in the Workplace, thus should be critically avoided
  • 13. Ethics in Organizational Politics Tidak Etis Tidak Etis Tidak Etis Tidak Apakah tindakan politik termaksud Ya menghormati hak-hak Ya Tidak pihak-pihak yang terkena ? Pertanyaan Kedua Pertanyaan Pertama Pertanyaan Ketiga Apakah tindakan politik termaksud Apakah tindakan politik termaksud adil dan sesuai hati nurani ? dimotivasi oleh Tidak kepentingan sendiri dengan meniadakan kepentingan organisasi ? Ya Etis