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6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Positive actions in climate change
and resilience issues
Anton Charles IMESON1,
Constantinous KOSMAS2,
Honghu LIU3, Guanhua ZHANG3
1Foundation for Sustainable Development FSD, Netherlands, The; 2Agricultural
University of Athens; 3Changjing River Scientific Research Institute
lnvitation
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Approach
• Leddra and methodlogy
• JRC and data at high resolution
• Forests and sustainable water for urban areas
• Soil protection for cities to stop floods and landslides
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
LEDDRA
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Resilience and capital (natural, economic and community).
Capital is expressed in structures at hierarchies.
A resource for concepts
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Climate Change resources 28 products
• http://esdac.jrc.ec.
• europa.eu/resource-type/datasets
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Soil compaction and climate change
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Binary nature of climate change response
• Things are getting better (increased buffering from climate)
• Competition between erosion (degradation) and vegetation
• Limiting factors of vegetation, nutrients, water, energy
• Differences between north and south slopes
• Salt affected or not (salt, gypsum)
• In summer salt affected conditions found in agricultural fields
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Resilient water resource for Beijing
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Natural forests on watersheds
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Climate change and forests
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Erosion control on the loess
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Flood protection for urban areas
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Benefits of afforestation and water policy in China
• Reduced global evaporation losses resulting from
deforestation and irrigation
• Headwater forests creates economically valuable water
producing areas for cities (Beijing).
• Hydrological assets of the land are used for tourism
• Salinized and water quality are controlled
• Harmonious with nature
• Resilient to climate change
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Land use reversal
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Strategy of farming on slopes with terraces
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
9/1/2016 Stichting 3D Environmenal 22
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Water resources in Crete which were once forest
see Leddra 800 mm of rain
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Restoration of earth´s support functions
biodiversity and climate change by
evaporation and runoff using infiltration
Recovery of natural resources has been
achieved because of nature and
management, including forest, streams
and food
Restoration and recovery of productivity through
sustainable land management has failed bcause
water is used by agriculture not city
Wish or reality
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Soil Conservation in Europe Wish or reality ?
• Panos Panagos1 Anton Imeson2,
Katrin Meusburger3, Pasquale
Borrelli1, Jean Poesen4, Christine
Alewell3
• 1European Commission, Joint
Research Centre, Ispra, Italy
• 23D Environmental Change, The
Netherlands
• 3Environmental Geosciences,
University of Basel, Switzerland
• 4Division of Geography, KU
Leuven, Belgium
• Received: Accepted: 18 April
2016
• ABSTRACT
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Evaporation in Crete (olives)
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Evaporation and groundwater recharge
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Activities
Water Appropriation and
use
Rainfall
Soil water
Groundwater
Rivers
Lakes
Reservoirs
Evaporation
Heat balance and climate
Percolation and recharge
Runoff on slopes
Runoff from rivers
Intrusion of salt water
Transformations of soil and river
Increased fire
Dust
Capping Springs in drainage
basins
River channels become
more intermittent and
arid like
Loss of rivers. Channel connectivity
with slope, changes in weathering
and geochemistry
Wells Groundwater level
drops
Less evaporation
Soil transformation
Changes in ecosystem because
plants do not get their critical
requirements
Soil hotter
Feedback on slope
River Abstraction Irrigation and domestic
use
River channel response:
Loss of capacity
Unable to cope with floods
Flood damage
Reservoirs Water quality issues
Erosion
Slope stability
Evaporation
River channels and coastal erosion
Salinity
Ecology and provision of services
Loss of rivers
Irrigation Soil degradation if not
managed
Climate change and desertification
if not controlled
. 1 Impacts of water use on land degradation
Processes affecting water availability in cities

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Positive Experiences in Improving the Ecosystem Services of Cities in China and Greece, Anton Charles IMESON

  • 1. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Positive actions in climate change and resilience issues Anton Charles IMESON1, Constantinous KOSMAS2, Honghu LIU3, Guanhua ZHANG3 1Foundation for Sustainable Development FSD, Netherlands, The; 2Agricultural University of Athens; 3Changjing River Scientific Research Institute lnvitation
  • 2. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Approach • Leddra and methodlogy • JRC and data at high resolution • Forests and sustainable water for urban areas • Soil protection for cities to stop floods and landslides
  • 3. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 4. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org LEDDRA
  • 5. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Resilience and capital (natural, economic and community). Capital is expressed in structures at hierarchies. A resource for concepts
  • 6. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 7. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 8. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 9. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 10. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Climate Change resources 28 products • http://esdac.jrc.ec. • europa.eu/resource-type/datasets
  • 11. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 12. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Soil compaction and climate change
  • 13. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Binary nature of climate change response • Things are getting better (increased buffering from climate) • Competition between erosion (degradation) and vegetation • Limiting factors of vegetation, nutrients, water, energy • Differences between north and south slopes • Salt affected or not (salt, gypsum) • In summer salt affected conditions found in agricultural fields
  • 14. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Resilient water resource for Beijing
  • 15. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Natural forests on watersheds
  • 16. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Climate change and forests
  • 17. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Erosion control on the loess
  • 18. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Flood protection for urban areas
  • 19. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Benefits of afforestation and water policy in China • Reduced global evaporation losses resulting from deforestation and irrigation • Headwater forests creates economically valuable water producing areas for cities (Beijing). • Hydrological assets of the land are used for tourism • Salinized and water quality are controlled • Harmonious with nature • Resilient to climate change
  • 20. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Land use reversal
  • 21. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Strategy of farming on slopes with terraces
  • 22. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org 9/1/2016 Stichting 3D Environmenal 22
  • 23. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Water resources in Crete which were once forest see Leddra 800 mm of rain
  • 24. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 25. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Restoration of earth´s support functions biodiversity and climate change by evaporation and runoff using infiltration Recovery of natural resources has been achieved because of nature and management, including forest, streams and food Restoration and recovery of productivity through sustainable land management has failed bcause water is used by agriculture not city Wish or reality
  • 26. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Soil Conservation in Europe Wish or reality ? • Panos Panagos1 Anton Imeson2, Katrin Meusburger3, Pasquale Borrelli1, Jean Poesen4, Christine Alewell3 • 1European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy • 23D Environmental Change, The Netherlands • 3Environmental Geosciences, University of Basel, Switzerland • 4Division of Geography, KU Leuven, Belgium • Received: Accepted: 18 April 2016 • ABSTRACT
  • 27. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Evaporation in Crete (olives)
  • 28. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  • 29. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Evaporation and groundwater recharge
  • 30. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Activities Water Appropriation and use Rainfall Soil water Groundwater Rivers Lakes Reservoirs Evaporation Heat balance and climate Percolation and recharge Runoff on slopes Runoff from rivers Intrusion of salt water Transformations of soil and river Increased fire Dust Capping Springs in drainage basins River channels become more intermittent and arid like Loss of rivers. Channel connectivity with slope, changes in weathering and geochemistry Wells Groundwater level drops Less evaporation Soil transformation Changes in ecosystem because plants do not get their critical requirements Soil hotter Feedback on slope River Abstraction Irrigation and domestic use River channel response: Loss of capacity Unable to cope with floods Flood damage Reservoirs Water quality issues Erosion Slope stability Evaporation River channels and coastal erosion Salinity Ecology and provision of services Loss of rivers Irrigation Soil degradation if not managed Climate change and desertification if not controlled . 1 Impacts of water use on land degradation Processes affecting water availability in cities