SlideShare a Scribd company logo
S.R. LUTHRA INSTITUTE
OF MANAGEMENT
Productions and Operations Management
MBA SEM 2
GROUP NO :- 1(A2)
PRIYANKA BACHKANIWALA-4
RAKSHIT BHAVSAR-13
KOSHA DOSHI-24
AANCHAL JAIN-37
SONAM LALWANI-51
TOPIC : Making of Boeing
6/6/2013
THE MAKING OF BOEING
NEED FOR BOEING 777
EXPERTS OPINION
 Experts questioned the need for a new model
existing 747 was running successfully
 Unnecessary spending huge amount on
development of Boeing 777 ( whose attributes are
roughly similar to the existing 747.
 Developing a new aircraft is highly complex affair.
They can improve efficiency for operators and
convenience in existing. Cost would be cheaper
than developing a new one.
BOEING COMMENT
 Why do auto manufacturers keep improving
their latest models to suit customers, need.
Because they are dynamic and market driven
and want stay in business without hanging on
old models.
 They want to survive in the competitive world.
Boeing Comment … (contd.)
 To cut costs on designing and devdeloping the
new 777 model, Boeing adopted a unique
process.
 They adopted collaborative designing and
development process that involved customer, air
carriers, technicians , finance experts, computer
experts an even other manufacturers of aircraft.
 Boeing 777 was first aircraft to be digitally
designed by computers and was expected to be
best in efficiency and quality in its class.
BACKGROUND
 Boeing was founded in 1916 byWilliam Boeing and George
Westervelt and was initially called the Pacific Aero Products
Company.The company’s name was changed to Boeing in
1917.Boeing began manufacturing aircraft for the US
military during WorldWar 1.
 BoeingAirTransport (BAT) was formed to run airmail
services. BAT also trained pilots, set up airfields and
provided maintenance staff for the services.
 The management than realized that to accelerate the
company’s growth it needed to design, mass produce and
sell its own aircraft. AfterWorld War 2, the company shifted
its focus from the defense industry to commercial jets.
 In 1962, Boeing manufacturedAir Force One for the
American President’s use. In late 1969, Boeing entered the
field of spacecraft manufacturing by contributing to the
Apollo program.
BACKGROUND …(Contd.)
 Boeing and its subsidiaries operated in six key business
segments:
1.Commercial Airplanes
2 Aircraft andWeapon Systems
3. Network Systems
4. Support Systems and Launch
5. Orbital Systems(collectively ,Integrated Defense Systems)
6. Boeing Capital Corporation(BCC)
 The commercial aircraft division contributed around 60% of the
total revenues. Boeing’s manufacturing plants were located at :
1. Everest(Washington)
2.Wichita(Kansas)
3. Long Beach(California)
DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF
BOEING 777
 The aircraft was built at the Boeing plant
Everett, USA. Production process involved
“collaborative product design and development.
Boeing aimed at achieving three specific goals
when it built the aircraft.
 Goals are :
 Reduce aircraft development time significantly
 Meet customer customer requirements better by
involving them without in the development process
 Avoid costly modification
 Development process of Boeing 777 was
substantially different from that previous
Boeings
 Company actively sought suggestion from
major carrier including United airlines,
Nippon airlines, British Airlines, Japan
airlines, Cathay airlines to develop
configuration
 They focused on operations with different
routes, traffic loads and service frequency.
 1st time customer played important role in making of an aircraft.
Private engineers of airlines and other officials came on site to
assist in making by Computer Aided Design (CAD) and
Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM).
 Boeing has invested in CAD-CAM in 1980 to develop software to
manufacture Boeing 777.
 Studies at Boeing showed that part interference and difficulty in
properly fitting the parts together in the aircrafts final assembly
were the most common problems in manufacturing aeroplanes.
 That CAD/CAM technology used to digitally pre-assemble the
aeroplane on a computer to overcome these problems. That
improves accuracy in design and assembly of parts and
instantaneous communication that helps in their improvement of
quality and that also reduces cycle time to introduce new
aeroplane in market.
 Company organized its workers into 238 cross
functional staff design teams, each responsible for
specific activity. Over 75 design teams collaborated
directly over a combination of private and secure public
network. The team used 2200 computer terminals
during the development process.
 The major team involved in this process included
designers, manufacturing, representative, tooling staff,
engineers, finance personnel, suppliers and customers
and each and every one connected with sophisticated
computers linked by the largest mainframe installation of
its kind in the work consisting of 8 IBM mainframe
computers.
 Boeing 777 was termed the 1st ‘paperless airplane’ it
was design by Computer aided three dimensional
interactive application (CATIA) system.
 A moving assembly line kept production moving at a
steady pace, allowing employees to gauge status at a
glance and reduce the amount of work –in progress
inventory. The use of a moving line allowed the
777programme to improve quality and reduce costs and
at the same time shorten the time taken to final aircraft.
DISTINGUISHING
FEATURES
 Fly-By-Wire(FBW)
 Advanced technology glass flight deck.
 Overhead space solution.
 Lightweight and economical material.
 Advanced wings.
 Enhanced Ground ProximityWarning
System(EGPWS)
Fly-By-Wire
 Fly-By-Wire is where all mechanical linkages
between the controls and movable surfaces are
removed and instead carried out automatically.
 Where pilot’s control are processed by a computer
and send to the flight control surface actuators
with electrical rather than mechanical signals.
Advanced technology glass flight
deck.
 The 777 flight deck was designed in horizontal
format and the navigation and engine information
appeared on six large display screens.
 The display arrangement saved space, weighted
less, required less power and generated less heat
thus did not required air conditioning at all.
 Pilot preferred this arrangement because the flat
panel display remained clearly visible under all
conditions including direct sunlight.
Contd..
 Large flat-panel displays present flight information in a
readily accessible form, allowing pilots to quickly
optimize flight parameters for schedule, passenger
comfort, and economy.
 Electronic checklists, which airlines can customize with
airline-specific information and procedures, speed pre-
flight checks and save valuable minutes that can buffer
departure schedules.
 Adding the electronic flight bag significantly reduces
the need for paper on the flight deck and uses airplane-
to-ground connectivity to deliver more critical
information to the appropriate departments.
Overhead space solution
 The design of 777 with a larger diameter and
circular shape provided more space in overhead
area of the plane.
 This area can save up to four passenger seats
and four cargo containers thus this free space
result in additional revenue potential.
 Even extra space could be used as crew rest
station, for storage and to increase passenger
seating or cargo capacity in the lower decks.
Lightweight and economical material
 Advanced 7000 and 2000 series aluminum alloys,
damage tolerant composites and advanced
titanium alloys enabled reduction in weight by over
5800 pounds.
 Improved aluminum alloy offered greater
compression strength and enabled designer to save
weight and improved corrosion and fatigue
resistance.
 Thus, this lightweight and powerful engines
contributed to lower cost, easier to maintain and
better fuel efficiency and lower emissions making
777 environment friendly.
Advanced wings.
 In 777 wings were considered
one of its best features.
 They were efficient and had
wings with longer span and
increased thickness.
 This advanced wings enhanced
777’s ability to achieve higher
cruise speed, climb quickly and
cruise at higher altitudes.
 Also it allowed the plane to
carry full passenger payloads at
high elevation and high
temperature airfield.
Enhanced Ground Proximity
Warning System (EGPWS)
 EGPWS is an independent monitor of an aircraft
fitted into the cockpit and displays picture of
geographical terrain surrounding the airplane.
 It displays and give audible alert for a minute
before any problem with terrain arose to pilot
and it is faster by 10-15 seconds than any other
systems.
BENEFITS
 Elimination of over 3000
assembly interfaces, without
physical prototyping
 Reduction in engineering
change requests, cycle time
for engineering requests and
material rework
 Improvement in assembly
tolerances for fuselage by 50
times
BENEFITS ..(Contd.)
 Superior design Operational efficiency &
spacious interiors
 Comfort to customers
 Bright interiors
 Economic advantages to non-stop rides
which were not available earlier
Boeing 787 Dreamliner
ACHIEVEMENTS
 In June 2007,Boeing 777
achieved the top position in
the manufacturing category
of the Annual Computerworld
Smithsonian Awards
 In 1995, It won the Robert J.
CollierTrophy, awarded by
the US National Aeronautic
Association
5 New models
 By December 2004, the 777 was availablein
the following 5 models:
 777-200
 777-200ER
 777-200LR
 777-300
 777-300ER
QUESTION/ANSWER
Why the Boeing Company did
launched the 777 model in
spite of the existing 747
doing extremely well? Describe
the distinguishing features of
Boeing 777 as compared to
other models manufactured by
Boeing and its competitors?
 Just like auto manufacturing keep improving
their models to suit customers needs, because
they are dynamic and market driven and don’t
want to be out of business by hanging out to old
models, Boeing also felt the same and so to
survive in the competition they had to keep
innovating new airplane models .Thus, Boeing
Airplane company announced the development
of a new airplane model- Boeing 777 – in late
1980s.
 Distinguishing features:-
1) Unique fuselage cross section.
2) Boeing’s 1st application of Fly- By –Wire.
3) An advanced technology glass flight deck with
five liquid crystal displays.
4) A comparatively large scale use of composites.
5) An extremely powerful engines.
6) Efficient wings with longer span and increased
thickness.
7) Enhanced ground proximity warning system.
Que:2
Critically examine and comment
on the collaborative and
development process of Boeing
777? And what could be the
possible drawbacks of such
process?
According to the building process of Boeing, its quite
difficult whe company is working with various teams on
particular project where approximate 233 different
designing teams working together for the making of 1
aircraft.
In previous models They have used to prepare plan on
papers and share all the designing details as well as
fixing planouts accordingly.
In which they found problems in fitting and fixing parts of
aircraft while they are assembling the whole aircraft by
different parts
Answer:
So that, In Boeing 777, Boeing collaborated with :
CAD/CAM
CATIA
IBM Mainframe computers
That will help them to fix the problem of fitting and
designing of the aircraft. Also to identify 3D model in
assembling and designing of a aeroplane. Also, they
treduced cycle time of making of same.
QUESTION 3 :
Illustrate the role of computer based technologies in the
design and development process of the 777. Do you think
the use of computers in aircraft designing/manufacturing is
a complicated and expensive exercise? Comment.
ANS :
 Boeing used Computer aided Design (CAD)
and Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM).
 Boeing had invested in CAD/CAM
technologies in 1980 by the late 1980’s the
company had evolved a single strategy for
applying the technology for manufacturing
activities after numerous pilot programs
 The CAD/CAM technology was used to digitally
pre-assemble the aeroplane on computer to
overcome problem.
 It improved accuracy in design and assembly of
parts as ell as instantaneous communication. It
helped in improving aeroplane design and
reduce the cycle time.
 The major team involved in this process included
Designer’s manufacturing, major
representatives,tooling staff engineers,etc.
 At the center a main frame of IBM 8 units
were installed.
 Boeing-777 was termed the first paperless
aeroplane. It was 100% digitally designed
aircraft using Computer-Aided 3-D interactive
application.
 Data management,user prodctivity and
visualisation.
 3-D, view upto 500 parts,corrections are
possible.
Pom final boeing

More Related Content

Similar to Pom final boeing

Boeing 787 Dreamliner
Boeing 787 DreamlinerBoeing 787 Dreamliner
Boeing 787 Dreamliner
Lissette Hartman
 
Blended Wing Body Aircraft
Blended Wing Body AircraftBlended Wing Body Aircraft
Blended Wing Body Aircraft
Nicholas Ilibasic
 
Boeing 777 Group Case StudyAssuming the perspective of your ro.docx
Boeing 777 Group Case StudyAssuming the perspective of your ro.docxBoeing 777 Group Case StudyAssuming the perspective of your ro.docx
Boeing 777 Group Case StudyAssuming the perspective of your ro.docx
AASTHA76
 
Case study the boeing commercial airline group
Case study the boeing commercial airline groupCase study the boeing commercial airline group
Case study the boeing commercial airline group
TAYYABA MAHR
 
Airbus Ppt
Airbus PptAirbus Ppt
Airbus Ppt
Umesh
 
Design and Fabrication of Blended Wing Body
Design and Fabrication of Blended Wing BodyDesign and Fabrication of Blended Wing Body
Design and Fabrication of Blended Wing Body
vivatechijri
 
Boeing presentation12
Boeing  presentation12Boeing  presentation12
Boeing presentation12
preeti000
 
Boeing Presentation12
Boeing  Presentation12Boeing  Presentation12
Boeing Presentation12
preeti000
 
The Race For The Future Of Aircraft Seating
The Race For The Future Of Aircraft SeatingThe Race For The Future Of Aircraft Seating
The Race For The Future Of Aircraft Seating
Torben Haagh
 
Boeing Company Presentation
Boeing Company PresentationBoeing Company Presentation
Boeing Company Presentation
David Schindler
 
Aircraft IT Ops V11.4.pdf
Aircraft IT Ops V11.4.pdfAircraft IT Ops V11.4.pdf
Aircraft IT Ops V11.4.pdf
Ysselstyn
 
Lean_Manufacturing_at_Boeing_and_Airbus.ppt
Lean_Manufacturing_at_Boeing_and_Airbus.pptLean_Manufacturing_at_Boeing_and_Airbus.ppt
Lean_Manufacturing_at_Boeing_and_Airbus.ppt
ssuser54ecda
 
White Paper: Reduce Fuel Consumption with Lightweight Access Hardware
White Paper: Reduce Fuel Consumption with Lightweight Access HardwareWhite Paper: Reduce Fuel Consumption with Lightweight Access Hardware
White Paper: Reduce Fuel Consumption with Lightweight Access Hardware
Southco, Inc.
 
Group Project Final
Group Project FinalGroup Project Final
Group Project Final
Ikram Benferchiche
 
BOEING Complete
BOEING CompleteBOEING Complete
BOEING Complete
Kyle Santos
 
The application of carbon fibre reinforced plastic in the automotive industry
The application of carbon fibre reinforced plastic in the automotive industryThe application of carbon fibre reinforced plastic in the automotive industry
The application of carbon fibre reinforced plastic in the automotive industry
Torben Haagh
 
IRJET- Flow Simulation for Aircraft using Computational Fluid Dynamics
IRJET- Flow Simulation for Aircraft using Computational Fluid DynamicsIRJET- Flow Simulation for Aircraft using Computational Fluid Dynamics
IRJET- Flow Simulation for Aircraft using Computational Fluid Dynamics
IRJET Journal
 
SAE 2015 Final Report
SAE 2015 Final ReportSAE 2015 Final Report
SAE 2015 Final Report
Abhiram Doddi
 
1-2 pages of five supply chain lessons learned from the Bo.pdf
1-2 pages of  five supply chain lessons  learned from the Bo.pdf1-2 pages of  five supply chain lessons  learned from the Bo.pdf
1-2 pages of five supply chain lessons learned from the Bo.pdf
Conceptcreations1
 
Hyper
HyperHyper

Similar to Pom final boeing (20)

Boeing 787 Dreamliner
Boeing 787 DreamlinerBoeing 787 Dreamliner
Boeing 787 Dreamliner
 
Blended Wing Body Aircraft
Blended Wing Body AircraftBlended Wing Body Aircraft
Blended Wing Body Aircraft
 
Boeing 777 Group Case StudyAssuming the perspective of your ro.docx
Boeing 777 Group Case StudyAssuming the perspective of your ro.docxBoeing 777 Group Case StudyAssuming the perspective of your ro.docx
Boeing 777 Group Case StudyAssuming the perspective of your ro.docx
 
Case study the boeing commercial airline group
Case study the boeing commercial airline groupCase study the boeing commercial airline group
Case study the boeing commercial airline group
 
Airbus Ppt
Airbus PptAirbus Ppt
Airbus Ppt
 
Design and Fabrication of Blended Wing Body
Design and Fabrication of Blended Wing BodyDesign and Fabrication of Blended Wing Body
Design and Fabrication of Blended Wing Body
 
Boeing presentation12
Boeing  presentation12Boeing  presentation12
Boeing presentation12
 
Boeing Presentation12
Boeing  Presentation12Boeing  Presentation12
Boeing Presentation12
 
The Race For The Future Of Aircraft Seating
The Race For The Future Of Aircraft SeatingThe Race For The Future Of Aircraft Seating
The Race For The Future Of Aircraft Seating
 
Boeing Company Presentation
Boeing Company PresentationBoeing Company Presentation
Boeing Company Presentation
 
Aircraft IT Ops V11.4.pdf
Aircraft IT Ops V11.4.pdfAircraft IT Ops V11.4.pdf
Aircraft IT Ops V11.4.pdf
 
Lean_Manufacturing_at_Boeing_and_Airbus.ppt
Lean_Manufacturing_at_Boeing_and_Airbus.pptLean_Manufacturing_at_Boeing_and_Airbus.ppt
Lean_Manufacturing_at_Boeing_and_Airbus.ppt
 
White Paper: Reduce Fuel Consumption with Lightweight Access Hardware
White Paper: Reduce Fuel Consumption with Lightweight Access HardwareWhite Paper: Reduce Fuel Consumption with Lightweight Access Hardware
White Paper: Reduce Fuel Consumption with Lightweight Access Hardware
 
Group Project Final
Group Project FinalGroup Project Final
Group Project Final
 
BOEING Complete
BOEING CompleteBOEING Complete
BOEING Complete
 
The application of carbon fibre reinforced plastic in the automotive industry
The application of carbon fibre reinforced plastic in the automotive industryThe application of carbon fibre reinforced plastic in the automotive industry
The application of carbon fibre reinforced plastic in the automotive industry
 
IRJET- Flow Simulation for Aircraft using Computational Fluid Dynamics
IRJET- Flow Simulation for Aircraft using Computational Fluid DynamicsIRJET- Flow Simulation for Aircraft using Computational Fluid Dynamics
IRJET- Flow Simulation for Aircraft using Computational Fluid Dynamics
 
SAE 2015 Final Report
SAE 2015 Final ReportSAE 2015 Final Report
SAE 2015 Final Report
 
1-2 pages of five supply chain lessons learned from the Bo.pdf
1-2 pages of  five supply chain lessons  learned from the Bo.pdf1-2 pages of  five supply chain lessons  learned from the Bo.pdf
1-2 pages of five supply chain lessons learned from the Bo.pdf
 
Hyper
HyperHyper
Hyper
 

More from Priyanka Bachkaniwala

Conflicts of interest in investment banking
Conflicts of interest in investment bankingConflicts of interest in investment banking
Conflicts of interest in investment banking
Priyanka Bachkaniwala
 
BUSINESS ETHICS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE -CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY CAS...
BUSINESS ETHICS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE -CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY CAS...BUSINESS ETHICS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE -CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY CAS...
BUSINESS ETHICS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE -CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY CAS...
Priyanka Bachkaniwala
 
Reserve Bank of India- Management of Financial Services project
Reserve Bank of India- Management of Financial Services projectReserve Bank of India- Management of Financial Services project
Reserve Bank of India- Management of Financial Services project
Priyanka Bachkaniwala
 
Indian Contract Act-Legal Aspects of Business
Indian Contract Act-Legal Aspects of BusinessIndian Contract Act-Legal Aspects of Business
Indian Contract Act-Legal Aspects of Business
Priyanka Bachkaniwala
 
Mutual fund ppt
Mutual fund pptMutual fund ppt
Mutual fund ppt
Priyanka Bachkaniwala
 
Dividend policies-financial mgt
Dividend policies-financial mgtDividend policies-financial mgt
Dividend policies-financial mgt
Priyanka Bachkaniwala
 
Final hr case study ppt
Final hr case study pptFinal hr case study ppt
Final hr case study ppt
Priyanka Bachkaniwala
 
Nirma final ppt
Nirma final pptNirma final ppt
Nirma final ppt
Priyanka Bachkaniwala
 

More from Priyanka Bachkaniwala (8)

Conflicts of interest in investment banking
Conflicts of interest in investment bankingConflicts of interest in investment banking
Conflicts of interest in investment banking
 
BUSINESS ETHICS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE -CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY CAS...
BUSINESS ETHICS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE -CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY CAS...BUSINESS ETHICS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE -CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY CAS...
BUSINESS ETHICS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE -CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY CAS...
 
Reserve Bank of India- Management of Financial Services project
Reserve Bank of India- Management of Financial Services projectReserve Bank of India- Management of Financial Services project
Reserve Bank of India- Management of Financial Services project
 
Indian Contract Act-Legal Aspects of Business
Indian Contract Act-Legal Aspects of BusinessIndian Contract Act-Legal Aspects of Business
Indian Contract Act-Legal Aspects of Business
 
Mutual fund ppt
Mutual fund pptMutual fund ppt
Mutual fund ppt
 
Dividend policies-financial mgt
Dividend policies-financial mgtDividend policies-financial mgt
Dividend policies-financial mgt
 
Final hr case study ppt
Final hr case study pptFinal hr case study ppt
Final hr case study ppt
 
Nirma final ppt
Nirma final pptNirma final ppt
Nirma final ppt
 

Recently uploaded

Pitch Deck Teardown: Kinnect's $250k Angel deck
Pitch Deck Teardown: Kinnect's $250k Angel deckPitch Deck Teardown: Kinnect's $250k Angel deck
Pitch Deck Teardown: Kinnect's $250k Angel deck
HajeJanKamps
 
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Satta Matka
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Satta MatkaDpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Satta Matka
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Satta Matka
➒➌➎➏➑➐➋➑➐➐Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian Matka
 
2022 Vintage Roman Numerals Men Rings
2022 Vintage Roman  Numerals  Men  Rings2022 Vintage Roman  Numerals  Men  Rings
2022 Vintage Roman Numerals Men Rings
aragme
 
The Genesis of BriansClub.cm Famous Dark WEb Platform
The Genesis of BriansClub.cm Famous Dark WEb PlatformThe Genesis of BriansClub.cm Famous Dark WEb Platform
The Genesis of BriansClub.cm Famous Dark WEb Platform
SabaaSudozai
 
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian Matka
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian MatkaDpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian Matka
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian Matka
➒➌➎➏➑➐➋➑➐➐Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian Matka
 
Observation Lab PowerPoint Assignment for TEM 431
Observation Lab PowerPoint Assignment for TEM 431Observation Lab PowerPoint Assignment for TEM 431
Observation Lab PowerPoint Assignment for TEM 431
ecamare2
 
Business storytelling: key ingredients to a story
Business storytelling: key ingredients to a storyBusiness storytelling: key ingredients to a story
Business storytelling: key ingredients to a story
Alexandra Fulford
 
TIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup Industry
TIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup IndustryTIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup Industry
TIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup Industry
timesbpobusiness
 
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan panel Chart Indian Matka Dpbos...
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan panel Chart Indian Matka Dpbos...Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan panel Chart Indian Matka Dpbos...
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan panel Chart Indian Matka Dpbos...
➒➌➎➏➑➐➋➑➐➐Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian Matka
 
Best Forex Brokers Comparison in INDIA 2024
Best Forex Brokers Comparison in INDIA 2024Best Forex Brokers Comparison in INDIA 2024
Best Forex Brokers Comparison in INDIA 2024
Top Forex Brokers Review
 
Industrial Tech SW: Category Renewal and Creation
Industrial Tech SW:  Category Renewal and CreationIndustrial Tech SW:  Category Renewal and Creation
Industrial Tech SW: Category Renewal and Creation
Christian Dahlen
 
Digital Marketing with a Focus on Sustainability
Digital Marketing with a Focus on SustainabilityDigital Marketing with a Focus on Sustainability
Digital Marketing with a Focus on Sustainability
sssourabhsharma
 
3 Simple Steps To Buy Verified Payoneer Account In 2024
3 Simple Steps To Buy Verified Payoneer Account In 20243 Simple Steps To Buy Verified Payoneer Account In 2024
3 Simple Steps To Buy Verified Payoneer Account In 2024
SEOSMMEARTH
 
Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666
Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666
Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666
Stone Art Hub
 
Call8328958814 satta matka Kalyan result satta guessing
Call8328958814 satta matka Kalyan result satta guessingCall8328958814 satta matka Kalyan result satta guessing
Call8328958814 satta matka Kalyan result satta guessing
➑➌➋➑➒➎➑➑➊➍
 
Profiles of Iconic Fashion Personalities.pdf
Profiles of Iconic Fashion Personalities.pdfProfiles of Iconic Fashion Personalities.pdf
Profiles of Iconic Fashion Personalities.pdf
TTop Threads
 
Best practices for project execution and delivery
Best practices for project execution and deliveryBest practices for project execution and delivery
Best practices for project execution and delivery
CLIVE MINCHIN
 
NIMA2024 | De toegevoegde waarde van DEI en ESG in campagnes | Nathalie Lam |...
NIMA2024 | De toegevoegde waarde van DEI en ESG in campagnes | Nathalie Lam |...NIMA2024 | De toegevoegde waarde van DEI en ESG in campagnes | Nathalie Lam |...
NIMA2024 | De toegevoegde waarde van DEI en ESG in campagnes | Nathalie Lam |...
BBPMedia1
 
The Most Inspiring Entrepreneurs to Follow in 2024.pdf
The Most Inspiring Entrepreneurs to Follow in 2024.pdfThe Most Inspiring Entrepreneurs to Follow in 2024.pdf
The Most Inspiring Entrepreneurs to Follow in 2024.pdf
thesiliconleaders
 
Top mailing list providers in the USA.pptx
Top mailing list providers in the USA.pptxTop mailing list providers in the USA.pptx
Top mailing list providers in the USA.pptx
JeremyPeirce1
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Pitch Deck Teardown: Kinnect's $250k Angel deck
Pitch Deck Teardown: Kinnect's $250k Angel deckPitch Deck Teardown: Kinnect's $250k Angel deck
Pitch Deck Teardown: Kinnect's $250k Angel deck
 
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Satta Matka
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Satta MatkaDpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Satta Matka
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Satta Matka
 
2022 Vintage Roman Numerals Men Rings
2022 Vintage Roman  Numerals  Men  Rings2022 Vintage Roman  Numerals  Men  Rings
2022 Vintage Roman Numerals Men Rings
 
The Genesis of BriansClub.cm Famous Dark WEb Platform
The Genesis of BriansClub.cm Famous Dark WEb PlatformThe Genesis of BriansClub.cm Famous Dark WEb Platform
The Genesis of BriansClub.cm Famous Dark WEb Platform
 
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian Matka
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian MatkaDpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian Matka
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian Matka
 
Observation Lab PowerPoint Assignment for TEM 431
Observation Lab PowerPoint Assignment for TEM 431Observation Lab PowerPoint Assignment for TEM 431
Observation Lab PowerPoint Assignment for TEM 431
 
Business storytelling: key ingredients to a story
Business storytelling: key ingredients to a storyBusiness storytelling: key ingredients to a story
Business storytelling: key ingredients to a story
 
TIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup Industry
TIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup IndustryTIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup Industry
TIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup Industry
 
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan panel Chart Indian Matka Dpbos...
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan panel Chart Indian Matka Dpbos...Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan panel Chart Indian Matka Dpbos...
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan panel Chart Indian Matka Dpbos...
 
Best Forex Brokers Comparison in INDIA 2024
Best Forex Brokers Comparison in INDIA 2024Best Forex Brokers Comparison in INDIA 2024
Best Forex Brokers Comparison in INDIA 2024
 
Industrial Tech SW: Category Renewal and Creation
Industrial Tech SW:  Category Renewal and CreationIndustrial Tech SW:  Category Renewal and Creation
Industrial Tech SW: Category Renewal and Creation
 
Digital Marketing with a Focus on Sustainability
Digital Marketing with a Focus on SustainabilityDigital Marketing with a Focus on Sustainability
Digital Marketing with a Focus on Sustainability
 
3 Simple Steps To Buy Verified Payoneer Account In 2024
3 Simple Steps To Buy Verified Payoneer Account In 20243 Simple Steps To Buy Verified Payoneer Account In 2024
3 Simple Steps To Buy Verified Payoneer Account In 2024
 
Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666
Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666
Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666
 
Call8328958814 satta matka Kalyan result satta guessing
Call8328958814 satta matka Kalyan result satta guessingCall8328958814 satta matka Kalyan result satta guessing
Call8328958814 satta matka Kalyan result satta guessing
 
Profiles of Iconic Fashion Personalities.pdf
Profiles of Iconic Fashion Personalities.pdfProfiles of Iconic Fashion Personalities.pdf
Profiles of Iconic Fashion Personalities.pdf
 
Best practices for project execution and delivery
Best practices for project execution and deliveryBest practices for project execution and delivery
Best practices for project execution and delivery
 
NIMA2024 | De toegevoegde waarde van DEI en ESG in campagnes | Nathalie Lam |...
NIMA2024 | De toegevoegde waarde van DEI en ESG in campagnes | Nathalie Lam |...NIMA2024 | De toegevoegde waarde van DEI en ESG in campagnes | Nathalie Lam |...
NIMA2024 | De toegevoegde waarde van DEI en ESG in campagnes | Nathalie Lam |...
 
The Most Inspiring Entrepreneurs to Follow in 2024.pdf
The Most Inspiring Entrepreneurs to Follow in 2024.pdfThe Most Inspiring Entrepreneurs to Follow in 2024.pdf
The Most Inspiring Entrepreneurs to Follow in 2024.pdf
 
Top mailing list providers in the USA.pptx
Top mailing list providers in the USA.pptxTop mailing list providers in the USA.pptx
Top mailing list providers in the USA.pptx
 

Pom final boeing

  • 1. S.R. LUTHRA INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT Productions and Operations Management MBA SEM 2 GROUP NO :- 1(A2) PRIYANKA BACHKANIWALA-4 RAKSHIT BHAVSAR-13 KOSHA DOSHI-24 AANCHAL JAIN-37 SONAM LALWANI-51 TOPIC : Making of Boeing
  • 4. EXPERTS OPINION  Experts questioned the need for a new model existing 747 was running successfully  Unnecessary spending huge amount on development of Boeing 777 ( whose attributes are roughly similar to the existing 747.  Developing a new aircraft is highly complex affair. They can improve efficiency for operators and convenience in existing. Cost would be cheaper than developing a new one.
  • 5. BOEING COMMENT  Why do auto manufacturers keep improving their latest models to suit customers, need. Because they are dynamic and market driven and want stay in business without hanging on old models.  They want to survive in the competitive world.
  • 6. Boeing Comment … (contd.)  To cut costs on designing and devdeloping the new 777 model, Boeing adopted a unique process.  They adopted collaborative designing and development process that involved customer, air carriers, technicians , finance experts, computer experts an even other manufacturers of aircraft.  Boeing 777 was first aircraft to be digitally designed by computers and was expected to be best in efficiency and quality in its class.
  • 7. BACKGROUND  Boeing was founded in 1916 byWilliam Boeing and George Westervelt and was initially called the Pacific Aero Products Company.The company’s name was changed to Boeing in 1917.Boeing began manufacturing aircraft for the US military during WorldWar 1.  BoeingAirTransport (BAT) was formed to run airmail services. BAT also trained pilots, set up airfields and provided maintenance staff for the services.  The management than realized that to accelerate the company’s growth it needed to design, mass produce and sell its own aircraft. AfterWorld War 2, the company shifted its focus from the defense industry to commercial jets.  In 1962, Boeing manufacturedAir Force One for the American President’s use. In late 1969, Boeing entered the field of spacecraft manufacturing by contributing to the Apollo program.
  • 8. BACKGROUND …(Contd.)  Boeing and its subsidiaries operated in six key business segments: 1.Commercial Airplanes 2 Aircraft andWeapon Systems 3. Network Systems 4. Support Systems and Launch 5. Orbital Systems(collectively ,Integrated Defense Systems) 6. Boeing Capital Corporation(BCC)  The commercial aircraft division contributed around 60% of the total revenues. Boeing’s manufacturing plants were located at : 1. Everest(Washington) 2.Wichita(Kansas) 3. Long Beach(California)
  • 9. DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF BOEING 777
  • 10.  The aircraft was built at the Boeing plant Everett, USA. Production process involved “collaborative product design and development. Boeing aimed at achieving three specific goals when it built the aircraft.  Goals are :  Reduce aircraft development time significantly  Meet customer customer requirements better by involving them without in the development process  Avoid costly modification
  • 11.  Development process of Boeing 777 was substantially different from that previous Boeings  Company actively sought suggestion from major carrier including United airlines, Nippon airlines, British Airlines, Japan airlines, Cathay airlines to develop configuration  They focused on operations with different routes, traffic loads and service frequency.
  • 12.  1st time customer played important role in making of an aircraft. Private engineers of airlines and other officials came on site to assist in making by Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM).  Boeing has invested in CAD-CAM in 1980 to develop software to manufacture Boeing 777.  Studies at Boeing showed that part interference and difficulty in properly fitting the parts together in the aircrafts final assembly were the most common problems in manufacturing aeroplanes.  That CAD/CAM technology used to digitally pre-assemble the aeroplane on a computer to overcome these problems. That improves accuracy in design and assembly of parts and instantaneous communication that helps in their improvement of quality and that also reduces cycle time to introduce new aeroplane in market.
  • 13.  Company organized its workers into 238 cross functional staff design teams, each responsible for specific activity. Over 75 design teams collaborated directly over a combination of private and secure public network. The team used 2200 computer terminals during the development process.  The major team involved in this process included designers, manufacturing, representative, tooling staff, engineers, finance personnel, suppliers and customers and each and every one connected with sophisticated computers linked by the largest mainframe installation of its kind in the work consisting of 8 IBM mainframe computers.
  • 14.
  • 15.  Boeing 777 was termed the 1st ‘paperless airplane’ it was design by Computer aided three dimensional interactive application (CATIA) system.  A moving assembly line kept production moving at a steady pace, allowing employees to gauge status at a glance and reduce the amount of work –in progress inventory. The use of a moving line allowed the 777programme to improve quality and reduce costs and at the same time shorten the time taken to final aircraft.
  • 17.  Fly-By-Wire(FBW)  Advanced technology glass flight deck.  Overhead space solution.  Lightweight and economical material.  Advanced wings.  Enhanced Ground ProximityWarning System(EGPWS)
  • 18. Fly-By-Wire  Fly-By-Wire is where all mechanical linkages between the controls and movable surfaces are removed and instead carried out automatically.  Where pilot’s control are processed by a computer and send to the flight control surface actuators with electrical rather than mechanical signals.
  • 19. Advanced technology glass flight deck.  The 777 flight deck was designed in horizontal format and the navigation and engine information appeared on six large display screens.  The display arrangement saved space, weighted less, required less power and generated less heat thus did not required air conditioning at all.  Pilot preferred this arrangement because the flat panel display remained clearly visible under all conditions including direct sunlight.
  • 20.
  • 21. Contd..  Large flat-panel displays present flight information in a readily accessible form, allowing pilots to quickly optimize flight parameters for schedule, passenger comfort, and economy.  Electronic checklists, which airlines can customize with airline-specific information and procedures, speed pre- flight checks and save valuable minutes that can buffer departure schedules.  Adding the electronic flight bag significantly reduces the need for paper on the flight deck and uses airplane- to-ground connectivity to deliver more critical information to the appropriate departments.
  • 22. Overhead space solution  The design of 777 with a larger diameter and circular shape provided more space in overhead area of the plane.  This area can save up to four passenger seats and four cargo containers thus this free space result in additional revenue potential.  Even extra space could be used as crew rest station, for storage and to increase passenger seating or cargo capacity in the lower decks.
  • 23. Lightweight and economical material  Advanced 7000 and 2000 series aluminum alloys, damage tolerant composites and advanced titanium alloys enabled reduction in weight by over 5800 pounds.  Improved aluminum alloy offered greater compression strength and enabled designer to save weight and improved corrosion and fatigue resistance.  Thus, this lightweight and powerful engines contributed to lower cost, easier to maintain and better fuel efficiency and lower emissions making 777 environment friendly.
  • 24.
  • 25. Advanced wings.  In 777 wings were considered one of its best features.  They were efficient and had wings with longer span and increased thickness.  This advanced wings enhanced 777’s ability to achieve higher cruise speed, climb quickly and cruise at higher altitudes.  Also it allowed the plane to carry full passenger payloads at high elevation and high temperature airfield.
  • 26. Enhanced Ground Proximity Warning System (EGPWS)  EGPWS is an independent monitor of an aircraft fitted into the cockpit and displays picture of geographical terrain surrounding the airplane.  It displays and give audible alert for a minute before any problem with terrain arose to pilot and it is faster by 10-15 seconds than any other systems.
  • 27. BENEFITS  Elimination of over 3000 assembly interfaces, without physical prototyping  Reduction in engineering change requests, cycle time for engineering requests and material rework  Improvement in assembly tolerances for fuselage by 50 times
  • 28. BENEFITS ..(Contd.)  Superior design Operational efficiency & spacious interiors  Comfort to customers  Bright interiors  Economic advantages to non-stop rides which were not available earlier
  • 29.
  • 31. ACHIEVEMENTS  In June 2007,Boeing 777 achieved the top position in the manufacturing category of the Annual Computerworld Smithsonian Awards  In 1995, It won the Robert J. CollierTrophy, awarded by the US National Aeronautic Association
  • 32. 5 New models  By December 2004, the 777 was availablein the following 5 models:  777-200  777-200ER  777-200LR  777-300  777-300ER
  • 34. Why the Boeing Company did launched the 777 model in spite of the existing 747 doing extremely well? Describe the distinguishing features of Boeing 777 as compared to other models manufactured by Boeing and its competitors?
  • 35.  Just like auto manufacturing keep improving their models to suit customers needs, because they are dynamic and market driven and don’t want to be out of business by hanging out to old models, Boeing also felt the same and so to survive in the competition they had to keep innovating new airplane models .Thus, Boeing Airplane company announced the development of a new airplane model- Boeing 777 – in late 1980s.
  • 36.  Distinguishing features:- 1) Unique fuselage cross section. 2) Boeing’s 1st application of Fly- By –Wire. 3) An advanced technology glass flight deck with five liquid crystal displays. 4) A comparatively large scale use of composites. 5) An extremely powerful engines. 6) Efficient wings with longer span and increased thickness. 7) Enhanced ground proximity warning system.
  • 37. Que:2 Critically examine and comment on the collaborative and development process of Boeing 777? And what could be the possible drawbacks of such process?
  • 38. According to the building process of Boeing, its quite difficult whe company is working with various teams on particular project where approximate 233 different designing teams working together for the making of 1 aircraft. In previous models They have used to prepare plan on papers and share all the designing details as well as fixing planouts accordingly. In which they found problems in fitting and fixing parts of aircraft while they are assembling the whole aircraft by different parts Answer:
  • 39. So that, In Boeing 777, Boeing collaborated with : CAD/CAM CATIA IBM Mainframe computers That will help them to fix the problem of fitting and designing of the aircraft. Also to identify 3D model in assembling and designing of a aeroplane. Also, they treduced cycle time of making of same.
  • 40. QUESTION 3 : Illustrate the role of computer based technologies in the design and development process of the 777. Do you think the use of computers in aircraft designing/manufacturing is a complicated and expensive exercise? Comment.
  • 41. ANS :  Boeing used Computer aided Design (CAD) and Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM).  Boeing had invested in CAD/CAM technologies in 1980 by the late 1980’s the company had evolved a single strategy for applying the technology for manufacturing activities after numerous pilot programs
  • 42.  The CAD/CAM technology was used to digitally pre-assemble the aeroplane on computer to overcome problem.  It improved accuracy in design and assembly of parts as ell as instantaneous communication. It helped in improving aeroplane design and reduce the cycle time.  The major team involved in this process included Designer’s manufacturing, major representatives,tooling staff engineers,etc.
  • 43.  At the center a main frame of IBM 8 units were installed.  Boeing-777 was termed the first paperless aeroplane. It was 100% digitally designed aircraft using Computer-Aided 3-D interactive application.  Data management,user prodctivity and visualisation.  3-D, view upto 500 parts,corrections are possible.