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POLICIES & PRACTICES
IN SHARING CULTURE:
DO IT FOR THE USERS
Andrea Wallace
@AndeeWallace
CREATe, Universityof Glasgow&
National Library of Scotland
CC BY Michael Gimenez
NAME THAT
ARTWORK
NAME THAT
ARTWORK
WRONG.
RMN-Grand Palais & Michel Urtado
x200_84749_11-564761, 2014
Ascends into the public domain in 2090
= originality© new work
new author
new © term
=
‘Crowd looking at the Mona Lisa at the Louvre,’ by Victor Grigas, CC BY-SA 4.0, available at:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=40250423
Massard, Urbain (d. 1843) Constant LouisAntoine
Lorichon (c. 1810)
Timothy Cole (c. 1914) Holtelin, based on drawing
fromGaillard (c. 1867)
© © © ©
CC BY Michael Gimenez
CC BY Michael Gimenez
CC BY Michael Gimenez
CC BY Michael Gimenez
CC BY Michael Gimenez
T H AT ’ S S O M E TA
¬ A COPY… (DAYOR PHOTO)
¬ OF A COPY... (DAYOR PRINT)
¬ OF A COPY... (RMN PHOTO)
¬ OF AN OUT-OF-© WORK
CC BY Michael Gimenez
CC BY Michael Gimenez
CC BY Michael Gimenez
HOW “OPEN” IS
YOUR COLLECTION?
HOW “OPEN” IS
YOUR POLICY?
CC BY Michael Gimenez
O N L I N E P O L I C I E S ( T O N AM E JU S T A F E W )
• Impressum
• Copyright
• Legal Notice
• Rightsand Reproduction
• Rightsof Use
• Imprint
• Website Policy
• Contact
• Conditions
• FAQ
• Disclaimer Copyrights(which includesno such
disclaim of copyright)
• Open Access
• Copyright and Reproductions
• Intellectual Property RightsPolicy
• Terms of Use
• Terms and Conditions
• General termsof use for photo material
• Request photograph
• User Agreement
• Image Reproductionsand Copyright
• Copyright, permissionsand photography
• Disclaimer
• Image Usage Policy
• About thissite
• Using Images
130 institutions: “Copyright” most common – 16 institutions
TAT E | 2 0 1 6
1. Copyright, permissions and photography
2. Tate gallery rules
3. Website termsofuse
4. Image licensing
5. Copyright ‘orphanworks’
6. Creative Commonslicensesand Tate
7. Tate ImagesCopyright Policy
8. DigitalImages ReproductionPolicy (Tate Images)
9. Creative Commonscontent
10. A Brief Guide to Copyright.pdf
(65 pages)
M K G H AM B U R G | 2 0 1 6
M K G H AM B U R G | T O D AY ( YAY ! )
M U S E E D ’ O R S AY
M U S E E D ’ O R S AY
S U R R O G AT E S : I N - C O P Y R I G H T v P U B L I C D O M AI N
© David Hockney
License this image
© Tate, CC BY-NC-ND
License this image
DO USERS EVEN CARE?
CC BY Michael Gimenez
“If you're putting it out on the internet to tens of
thousands of people, you can't expect people not to
save it and redistribute it. It's not how it works. The
internet is just like that.The only way to get around it
is to make sure you keep on top of yours and make
sure it keeps getting bigger."
Reiss Engelhorn Museum v. Wikimedia Foundation and Wikimedia Deutschland
Rudolf Stricker, Wikimedia Commons
“. . . the question for us is who should decide whether and
especially how our holdings should be made available. Even
if one supports the free public accessibility of cultural items
on Wikipedia, it is difficult for us to comprehendthat a
single Wikipedia author claims the right to decide on their
own to release to everybody the results of work created
with public funds on Wikipedia for free and thus also for
commercial use.”
Prof. Dr. Alfried Wieczorek
General-Director of the Reiss Engelhorn Museum
USERS DO CARE
AND IF WE DON’T PROVIDE
ACCESS THEY’RE GOING
TO BEAT US TO IT
Nefertiti Hack, Video
Nefertiti Hack, Video
Van Goh Museum, Relievo Collection, https://www.vangoghmuseum.nl/en/business/relievo-collection
© Tate, London 2014
© The British Library Board © The National Archives (?)
© The National Archives (?)
© Glasgow Life
© Gemäldegalerie der Staatlichen
Museen zu Berlin
© Kansallisgalleria 2014© RMN-Grand Palais (Musée
d'Orsay) / Hervé Lewandowski
M E TA- I N C E P T I O N
¬ A COPY… (DAYOR PHOTO)
¬ OF A COPY...(DAYOR PRINT)
¬ OF A COPY...(SCANNED IMAGE)
¬ OF A COPY...(TRANSPARENCY)
¬ OF A COPY...(1997 PHOTOGRAPH)
¬ OF AN OUT-OF-© WORK
Amelia Hamrick with the piano she used to
play Bosch’sButt song. Photo: Brian Terry via
the Oklahoman
OPEN ACCESS
CAN NEVER BE
BAD NEWS
“IMAGES IN THE PUBLIC
DOMAIN ARE LIKE TOOLS IN A
TOOLBOX – YOU CAN USE THEM
FOR ALL MANNERS OF
PURPOSES. FEEL FREE TO LET
YOUR IMAGINATION RUN WILD.”
👊🎤💨
CC BY-SA Alberto Fernandez Fernandez,July 2007
SHARING IS CARING:
LEAD BY EXAMPLE
MONA LISA & EARLIEST COPY
MONA LISA & EARLIEST COPY© GETTY
MONA LISA & EARLIEST COPY© GETTYPUBLIC DOMAIN, WALTERS ART MUSEUM
MONA LISA & EARLIEST COPY© GETTYPUBLIC DOMAIN, WALTERS ART MUSEUMPUBLICLY ACCESSIBLE DATA, SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION

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Policies and Practices in Sharing Culture

  • 1. POLICIES & PRACTICES IN SHARING CULTURE: DO IT FOR THE USERS Andrea Wallace @AndeeWallace CREATe, Universityof Glasgow& National Library of Scotland CC BY Michael Gimenez
  • 3. NAME THAT ARTWORK WRONG. RMN-Grand Palais & Michel Urtado x200_84749_11-564761, 2014 Ascends into the public domain in 2090
  • 4. = originality© new work new author new © term =
  • 5. ‘Crowd looking at the Mona Lisa at the Louvre,’ by Victor Grigas, CC BY-SA 4.0, available at: https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=40250423
  • 6. Massard, Urbain (d. 1843) Constant LouisAntoine Lorichon (c. 1810) Timothy Cole (c. 1914) Holtelin, based on drawing fromGaillard (c. 1867) © © © ©
  • 7.
  • 8. CC BY Michael Gimenez
  • 9. CC BY Michael Gimenez
  • 10. CC BY Michael Gimenez
  • 11. CC BY Michael Gimenez
  • 12. CC BY Michael Gimenez
  • 13. T H AT ’ S S O M E TA ¬ A COPY… (DAYOR PHOTO) ¬ OF A COPY... (DAYOR PRINT) ¬ OF A COPY... (RMN PHOTO) ¬ OF AN OUT-OF-© WORK
  • 14.
  • 15. CC BY Michael Gimenez
  • 16. CC BY Michael Gimenez
  • 17. CC BY Michael Gimenez
  • 18. HOW “OPEN” IS YOUR COLLECTION? HOW “OPEN” IS YOUR POLICY? CC BY Michael Gimenez
  • 19. O N L I N E P O L I C I E S ( T O N AM E JU S T A F E W ) • Impressum • Copyright • Legal Notice • Rightsand Reproduction • Rightsof Use • Imprint • Website Policy • Contact • Conditions • FAQ • Disclaimer Copyrights(which includesno such disclaim of copyright) • Open Access • Copyright and Reproductions • Intellectual Property RightsPolicy • Terms of Use • Terms and Conditions • General termsof use for photo material • Request photograph • User Agreement • Image Reproductionsand Copyright • Copyright, permissionsand photography • Disclaimer • Image Usage Policy • About thissite • Using Images 130 institutions: “Copyright” most common – 16 institutions
  • 20. TAT E | 2 0 1 6 1. Copyright, permissions and photography 2. Tate gallery rules 3. Website termsofuse 4. Image licensing 5. Copyright ‘orphanworks’ 6. Creative Commonslicensesand Tate 7. Tate ImagesCopyright Policy 8. DigitalImages ReproductionPolicy (Tate Images) 9. Creative Commonscontent 10. A Brief Guide to Copyright.pdf (65 pages)
  • 21. M K G H AM B U R G | 2 0 1 6
  • 22. M K G H AM B U R G | T O D AY ( YAY ! )
  • 23. M U S E E D ’ O R S AY
  • 24. M U S E E D ’ O R S AY
  • 25. S U R R O G AT E S : I N - C O P Y R I G H T v P U B L I C D O M AI N © David Hockney License this image © Tate, CC BY-NC-ND License this image
  • 26.
  • 27. DO USERS EVEN CARE? CC BY Michael Gimenez
  • 28.
  • 29. “If you're putting it out on the internet to tens of thousands of people, you can't expect people not to save it and redistribute it. It's not how it works. The internet is just like that.The only way to get around it is to make sure you keep on top of yours and make sure it keeps getting bigger."
  • 30.
  • 31.
  • 32. Reiss Engelhorn Museum v. Wikimedia Foundation and Wikimedia Deutschland Rudolf Stricker, Wikimedia Commons
  • 33.
  • 34. “. . . the question for us is who should decide whether and especially how our holdings should be made available. Even if one supports the free public accessibility of cultural items on Wikipedia, it is difficult for us to comprehendthat a single Wikipedia author claims the right to decide on their own to release to everybody the results of work created with public funds on Wikipedia for free and thus also for commercial use.” Prof. Dr. Alfried Wieczorek General-Director of the Reiss Engelhorn Museum
  • 35. USERS DO CARE AND IF WE DON’T PROVIDE ACCESS THEY’RE GOING TO BEAT US TO IT
  • 38.
  • 39.
  • 40.
  • 41.
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  • 43.
  • 44.
  • 45. Van Goh Museum, Relievo Collection, https://www.vangoghmuseum.nl/en/business/relievo-collection
  • 46.
  • 47. © Tate, London 2014 © The British Library Board © The National Archives (?) © The National Archives (?) © Glasgow Life © Gemäldegalerie der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin © Kansallisgalleria 2014© RMN-Grand Palais (Musée d'Orsay) / Hervé Lewandowski
  • 48.
  • 49. M E TA- I N C E P T I O N ¬ A COPY… (DAYOR PHOTO) ¬ OF A COPY...(DAYOR PRINT) ¬ OF A COPY...(SCANNED IMAGE) ¬ OF A COPY...(TRANSPARENCY) ¬ OF A COPY...(1997 PHOTOGRAPH) ¬ OF AN OUT-OF-© WORK
  • 50.
  • 51. Amelia Hamrick with the piano she used to play Bosch’sButt song. Photo: Brian Terry via the Oklahoman
  • 52. OPEN ACCESS CAN NEVER BE BAD NEWS
  • 53. “IMAGES IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN ARE LIKE TOOLS IN A TOOLBOX – YOU CAN USE THEM FOR ALL MANNERS OF PURPOSES. FEEL FREE TO LET YOUR IMAGINATION RUN WILD.”
  • 54. 👊🎤💨 CC BY-SA Alberto Fernandez Fernandez,July 2007
  • 55.
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  • 62.
  • 63.
  • 64. MONA LISA & EARLIEST COPY
  • 65. MONA LISA & EARLIEST COPY© GETTY
  • 66. MONA LISA & EARLIEST COPY© GETTYPUBLIC DOMAIN, WALTERS ART MUSEUM
  • 67. MONA LISA & EARLIEST COPY© GETTYPUBLIC DOMAIN, WALTERS ART MUSEUMPUBLICLY ACCESSIBLE DATA, SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION