SlideShare a Scribd company logo
PLUG & PLAY
NEWS
Sourcing, verifying and disseminating
information in a real-time crisis
Hello!
@NikiBGD
@MaliciaRogue
@TetyUAna
Informing the public
Analysis
Explaining context
Journalism has(n’t) changed
Collaboration
Sources
Dissemination
January 15, 2009
New(s) sources
Miracle on the Hudson
June 20, 2009
Real-time
Death of
Neda Agha-Soltan
June-July, 2009
Change
The world sees a
different Iran
1.
Sourcing
information in a
real-time crisis
Traditional media
Social media
‘Human intelligence’
Where do I get the info from?
Authoritative
opinion
First-hand accounts
▣Know your social networks
▣Identify key actors
▣Look for users on the ground
▣Engage
How to find ‘news’ on social media?
Twitter
Hashtags are useful in the beginning:
▣ indicate scale of events
▣ help spot key users and related tags
▣ use for initial search, lists and aggregators
□ #євромайдан, #евромайдан, #euromaidan
Image in the public domain, Wikimedia
Commons
Over 8,000 tweets per hour22 November, 2013
141,000 followers within few days@euromaidan (@EuroMaydan, @EuroMaydan_eng)
Nearly 9,000 tweets per hour1 December, 2013
Twitter
Once the agenda is set:
▣ users quickly consolidate around ‘official’
accounts
▣ key media is followed anyway
Twitter
▣Language barrier - no longer a problem
(?)
▣Hashtags are less useful
▣Identify key actors
▣Follow “official” pages
▣Sign up for most popular events
Facebook
▣Find groups that organize online
Facebook
#EuromaidanSOS page and ‘official’ #Euromaidan page
▣Ask people to send you anything
that might be of interest
▣Don’t have a network? Build it!
□write about them
□help connect with other media
□share
Crowdsourcing content
Low online presence
No/Limited Internet connection
Language barrier
Infowars/Ideological modulation of
content
Hate speech
2.
Verifying
information in a
real-time crisis
▣Be sceptical. Be patient
□know the context
livestreams
other media
own timeline, links repository, etc.
activists
‘Digital innocence’ does not last
How sure are you that the info is real?
▣The 5Ws:
□who?
□where?
□when?
□what?
□why?
Peter Trimming, CC-by-SA 2012, geography.co.uk
Pics or it didn’t
happen (sort of)
How sure are you that the image is real?
▣Remember the 5Ws
▣Some tools
□Google reverse image search (find
original and similar images)
□TinEye (find original image, compare)
□Jeffrey’s Exif Viewer (metadata if it
exists)
▣ Remember the 5Ws
▣ Some tools
□Google reverse image search (find original
and similar images)
▣ TinEye (find original image, compare)
▣ Jeffrey’s Exif Viewer (metadata if it exists)
The magical tool does not exist
Absolute certainty vs. acceptable
plausibility
How sure are you that the image is real?
‘Authoritative’ opinion
Uncertainty + anxiety = the two core elements
Fear breeds rumour
+
(Social) media stardom
Even good professionals fall to bad info
Beware the expert!
Case: Bosnia protests and the
“violent unification” plot
The ‘Slavic’ revolution that wasn’t:
Serbian tabloid (gov’t mouthpiece)
preys on historical uneasiness
benefits wide audience
plays with ethnicity/religion
not the only such case...
Do the accounts belong to real
people?
▣When was the account created?
□What pictures are there?
□What background information
is there?
Places
Relations
Contacts
▣Are there any associated accounts?
pipl.com
Facebook/LinkedIn
?
‘Warning signs’:
account created only 16 hrs earlier
user photo belongs to someone else
actively shared through popular
resources
identical translations into various
languages
How to spot a social media
fake?
Case: Odessa May 2 tragedy
‘witness’ account
3.
Disseminating
information in a
real-time crisis
Correct information, wrong time
Tweets and Facebook updates remain online:
▣ sharing continues despite timestamp;
▣ call for action active;
▣ mobilisation continues...
May have direct negative
impact on situation on the
ground
Disseminating and publishing
▣ Towards the ‘outside’:
□ Wordpress blog: main content point;
□ Ushahidi map: incoming damaged areas and
emergencies
□ Twitter + Facebook: to share further
Erase social media updates if no longer applicable
In practice
▣ Within the relief team members:
□ Several separate Skype group conversations for several
topics,
□ A closed Facebook group to coordinate verification of
incoming information
□ Enure need of information is communicated ASAP to
both team and public
Get organised from the start
▣ assign tasks and roles
▣ define communication channels
▣ know who is where at each moment of shift
▣ define what each tool is used for
▣ identify reliable contacts on the ground + work with
Red Cross
Key takeaways
▣ Look in the right places
▣ Assume it is fake until proven otherwise
▣ Beware of the limits of technology
□ low tech in disaster context
□ verification on the ground is crucial in
most cases
▣ Right info, right time & the right platform
Sourcing, verifying, publishing
KEEP LISTENING.
KEEP DOUBTING.
KEEP CHECKING.
KEEP LEARNING.
KEEP SHARING.
@NikiBGD

More Related Content

What's hot

English 2201: What's News? Satire, Hoaxes & Fake News
English 2201: What's News? Satire, Hoaxes & Fake NewsEnglish 2201: What's News? Satire, Hoaxes & Fake News
English 2201: What's News? Satire, Hoaxes & Fake NewsTrudy Morgan-Cole
 
In mitigating Fake News and Hate-speech: Are we winning?
In mitigating Fake News and Hate-speech: Are we winning?In mitigating Fake News and Hate-speech: Are we winning?
In mitigating Fake News and Hate-speech: Are we winning?Demetris Paschalides
 
Fake News Lecture Slides: Lecture 3
Fake News Lecture Slides: Lecture 3Fake News Lecture Slides: Lecture 3
Fake News Lecture Slides: Lecture 3David Lynn Painter
 
Handling fake news and eyewitness media
Handling fake news and eyewitness mediaHandling fake news and eyewitness media
Handling fake news and eyewitness mediaAlastair Reid
 
Fake news presentation
Fake news presentationFake news presentation
Fake news presentationYumonomics
 
Fake news polk
Fake news polkFake news polk
Fake news polkYumonomics
 
Group 8 Discussion Leading
Group 8 Discussion LeadingGroup 8 Discussion Leading
Group 8 Discussion LeadingHsuan-Ting Chen
 
How News Websites Spread (and Debunk) Online Rumors, Unverified Claims and Mi...
How News Websites Spread (and Debunk) Online Rumors, Unverified Claims and Mi...How News Websites Spread (and Debunk) Online Rumors, Unverified Claims and Mi...
How News Websites Spread (and Debunk) Online Rumors, Unverified Claims and Mi...Craig Silverman
 
Fake news
Fake newsFake news
Fake newsLibrary
 
Tara, Fact Check Muna! (A Discussion on Information Pandemic and Fake News)
Tara, Fact Check Muna! (A Discussion on Information Pandemic and Fake News)Tara, Fact Check Muna! (A Discussion on Information Pandemic and Fake News)
Tara, Fact Check Muna! (A Discussion on Information Pandemic and Fake News)Gab Billones
 
Fake news and how to combat it
Fake news and how to combat itFake news and how to combat it
Fake news and how to combat itSanjana Hattotuwa
 

What's hot (20)

English 2201: What's News? Satire, Hoaxes & Fake News
English 2201: What's News? Satire, Hoaxes & Fake NewsEnglish 2201: What's News? Satire, Hoaxes & Fake News
English 2201: What's News? Satire, Hoaxes & Fake News
 
Fake News
Fake NewsFake News
Fake News
 
Getting the Lowdown on Fake News
Getting the Lowdown on Fake News Getting the Lowdown on Fake News
Getting the Lowdown on Fake News
 
Fake news
Fake news Fake news
Fake news
 
In mitigating Fake News and Hate-speech: Are we winning?
In mitigating Fake News and Hate-speech: Are we winning?In mitigating Fake News and Hate-speech: Are we winning?
In mitigating Fake News and Hate-speech: Are we winning?
 
Fake News Lecture Slides: Lecture 3
Fake News Lecture Slides: Lecture 3Fake News Lecture Slides: Lecture 3
Fake News Lecture Slides: Lecture 3
 
Handling fake news and eyewitness media
Handling fake news and eyewitness mediaHandling fake news and eyewitness media
Handling fake news and eyewitness media
 
Fake News!
Fake News!Fake News!
Fake News!
 
Fake news presentation
Fake news presentationFake news presentation
Fake news presentation
 
Fake news polk
Fake news polkFake news polk
Fake news polk
 
Group 8 Discussion Leading
Group 8 Discussion LeadingGroup 8 Discussion Leading
Group 8 Discussion Leading
 
COM Ethics Final
COM Ethics FinalCOM Ethics Final
COM Ethics Final
 
What is fake news by Dean Berry
What is fake news by Dean BerryWhat is fake news by Dean Berry
What is fake news by Dean Berry
 
Tips to spot false news
Tips to spot false newsTips to spot false news
Tips to spot false news
 
How News Websites Spread (and Debunk) Online Rumors, Unverified Claims and Mi...
How News Websites Spread (and Debunk) Online Rumors, Unverified Claims and Mi...How News Websites Spread (and Debunk) Online Rumors, Unverified Claims and Mi...
How News Websites Spread (and Debunk) Online Rumors, Unverified Claims and Mi...
 
Fake news
Fake newsFake news
Fake news
 
Fake news
Fake newsFake news
Fake news
 
FIGHTING FAKE NEWS
FIGHTING FAKE NEWS FIGHTING FAKE NEWS
FIGHTING FAKE NEWS
 
Tara, Fact Check Muna! (A Discussion on Information Pandemic and Fake News)
Tara, Fact Check Muna! (A Discussion on Information Pandemic and Fake News)Tara, Fact Check Muna! (A Discussion on Information Pandemic and Fake News)
Tara, Fact Check Muna! (A Discussion on Information Pandemic and Fake News)
 
Fake news and how to combat it
Fake news and how to combat itFake news and how to combat it
Fake news and how to combat it
 

Viewers also liked

Hotstreet Deck Abril 2015 Español
Hotstreet Deck Abril 2015 EspañolHotstreet Deck Abril 2015 Español
Hotstreet Deck Abril 2015 EspañolHotstreetStartup
 
Орієнтування в горах. Особливості життя в горах. Організація виїздів. Біваки.
Орієнтування в горах. Особливості життя в горах. Організація виїздів. Біваки.Орієнтування в горах. Особливості життя в горах. Організація виїздів. Біваки.
Орієнтування в горах. Особливості життя в горах. Організація виїздів. Біваки.extrem-lviv
 
Royale Neo Package
Royale Neo PackageRoyale Neo Package
Royale Neo PackageRaymond Red
 
North south conference 2005-redwan
North south conference 2005-redwanNorth south conference 2005-redwan
North south conference 2005-redwanredwanrahman
 
Hoja de vida alejandro
Hoja de vida alejandroHoja de vida alejandro
Hoja de vida alejandrosombrasamos2
 
Пересування по льодовому рельєфу, страховка.
Пересування по льодовому рельєфу, страховка.Пересування по льодовому рельєфу, страховка.
Пересування по льодовому рельєфу, страховка.extrem-lviv
 
Context Setting Drugs Related Death
Context Setting Drugs Related DeathContext Setting Drugs Related Death
Context Setting Drugs Related DeathStephen Malloy
 
komponen komponen dan sifat tanah
komponen komponen dan sifat tanahkomponen komponen dan sifat tanah
komponen komponen dan sifat tanahsofiana S
 
Configuraciones apoyo especial
Configuraciones apoyo especialConfiguraciones apoyo especial
Configuraciones apoyo especialHORACIO ZUVI
 
New audit report double edged sword?
New audit report double edged sword? New audit report double edged sword?
New audit report double edged sword? Nik Hasyudeen
 
"Wearables, Biometrics and Mindfulness as Medicine" - Joe Burton (Founder/CEO...
"Wearables, Biometrics and Mindfulness as Medicine" - Joe Burton (Founder/CEO..."Wearables, Biometrics and Mindfulness as Medicine" - Joe Burton (Founder/CEO...
"Wearables, Biometrics and Mindfulness as Medicine" - Joe Burton (Founder/CEO...Hyper Wellbeing
 

Viewers also liked (16)

Plug and play services
Plug and play services Plug and play services
Plug and play services
 
abc app
abc appabc app
abc app
 
Hotstreet Deck Abril 2015 Español
Hotstreet Deck Abril 2015 EspañolHotstreet Deck Abril 2015 Español
Hotstreet Deck Abril 2015 Español
 
Орієнтування в горах. Особливості життя в горах. Організація виїздів. Біваки.
Орієнтування в горах. Особливості життя в горах. Організація виїздів. Біваки.Орієнтування в горах. Особливості життя в горах. Організація виїздів. Біваки.
Орієнтування в горах. Особливості життя в горах. Організація виїздів. Біваки.
 
Royale Neo Package
Royale Neo PackageRoyale Neo Package
Royale Neo Package
 
North south conference 2005-redwan
North south conference 2005-redwanNorth south conference 2005-redwan
North south conference 2005-redwan
 
Hoja de vida alejandro
Hoja de vida alejandroHoja de vida alejandro
Hoja de vida alejandro
 
Пересування по льодовому рельєфу, страховка.
Пересування по льодовому рельєфу, страховка.Пересування по льодовому рельєфу, страховка.
Пересування по льодовому рельєфу, страховка.
 
Auditoria em saúde
Auditoria em saúdeAuditoria em saúde
Auditoria em saúde
 
Context Setting Drugs Related Death
Context Setting Drugs Related DeathContext Setting Drugs Related Death
Context Setting Drugs Related Death
 
Financeiros em Agências de Comunicação
Financeiros em Agências de ComunicaçãoFinanceiros em Agências de Comunicação
Financeiros em Agências de Comunicação
 
komponen komponen dan sifat tanah
komponen komponen dan sifat tanahkomponen komponen dan sifat tanah
komponen komponen dan sifat tanah
 
Configuraciones apoyo especial
Configuraciones apoyo especialConfiguraciones apoyo especial
Configuraciones apoyo especial
 
New audit report double edged sword?
New audit report double edged sword? New audit report double edged sword?
New audit report double edged sword?
 
"Wearables, Biometrics and Mindfulness as Medicine" - Joe Burton (Founder/CEO...
"Wearables, Biometrics and Mindfulness as Medicine" - Joe Burton (Founder/CEO..."Wearables, Biometrics and Mindfulness as Medicine" - Joe Burton (Founder/CEO...
"Wearables, Biometrics and Mindfulness as Medicine" - Joe Burton (Founder/CEO...
 
Corteza Cerebral
Corteza CerebralCorteza Cerebral
Corteza Cerebral
 

Similar to Plug & Play News

Fake news for the masses: evaluating news sources through active learning - L...
Fake news for the masses: evaluating news sources through active learning - L...Fake news for the masses: evaluating news sources through active learning - L...
Fake news for the masses: evaluating news sources through active learning - L...IL Group (CILIP Information Literacy Group)
 
Limmud - Using Social Media to Respond to Trends
Limmud - Using Social Media to Respond to TrendsLimmud - Using Social Media to Respond to Trends
Limmud - Using Social Media to Respond to TrendsEsther Kustanowitz
 
Long, J. & Hicks, J. Think Before you Link, a Fake News Redux: Identifying bi...
Long, J. & Hicks, J. Think Before you Link, a Fake News Redux: Identifying bi...Long, J. & Hicks, J. Think Before you Link, a Fake News Redux: Identifying bi...
Long, J. & Hicks, J. Think Before you Link, a Fake News Redux: Identifying bi...IL Group (CILIP Information Literacy Group)
 
Sourcing and Verifying Social Content
Sourcing and Verifying Social ContentSourcing and Verifying Social Content
Sourcing and Verifying Social ContentJill Hopke
 
The Truth, the Fake, and the Biased.pptx
The Truth, the Fake, and the Biased.pptxThe Truth, the Fake, and the Biased.pptx
The Truth, the Fake, and the Biased.pptxAnna Yang
 
Gannett NJ Social Media Workshop
Gannett NJ Social Media WorkshopGannett NJ Social Media Workshop
Gannett NJ Social Media WorkshopTed Mann
 
An Introduction to Maskirovka aka Information Operations
An Introduction to Maskirovka aka Information OperationsAn Introduction to Maskirovka aka Information Operations
An Introduction to Maskirovka aka Information OperationsHeather Vescent
 
Can we be faster than disaster bill boyd
Can we be faster than disaster   bill boydCan we be faster than disaster   bill boyd
Can we be faster than disaster bill boydMeg Weber
 
A Journalist's guide to working with social sources
A Journalist's guide to working with social sourcesA Journalist's guide to working with social sources
A Journalist's guide to working with social sourcesFirst Draft
 
Applying citizen science model to disaster management
Applying citizen science model to disaster managementApplying citizen science model to disaster management
Applying citizen science model to disaster managementW. David Stephenson
 
How to Think in the Information Age: Finding Facts in a Post-Truth World
How to Think in the Information Age: Finding Facts in a Post-Truth WorldHow to Think in the Information Age: Finding Facts in a Post-Truth World
How to Think in the Information Age: Finding Facts in a Post-Truth WorldSt. Petersburg College
 
Evert van Bolhuis, Pieter Prins, Marina Martin and Margot Verleg - Do you tru...
Evert van Bolhuis, Pieter Prins, Marina Martin and Margot Verleg - Do you tru...Evert van Bolhuis, Pieter Prins, Marina Martin and Margot Verleg - Do you tru...
Evert van Bolhuis, Pieter Prins, Marina Martin and Margot Verleg - Do you tru...BOBCATSSS 2017
 
What to Expect When the Unexpected Happens: Social Media Communications Acros...
What to Expect When the Unexpected Happens: Social Media Communications Acros...What to Expect When the Unexpected Happens: Social Media Communications Acros...
What to Expect When the Unexpected Happens: Social Media Communications Acros...Carlos Castillo (ChaTo)
 
Five Social Media Tricks to Grow Your Audience - for Colombia 3.0 Conference
Five Social Media Tricks to Grow Your Audience - for Colombia 3.0 ConferenceFive Social Media Tricks to Grow Your Audience - for Colombia 3.0 Conference
Five Social Media Tricks to Grow Your Audience - for Colombia 3.0 ConferenceDave LaFontaine
 
Five tricks to grow your audience using social media
Five tricks to grow your audience using social mediaFive tricks to grow your audience using social media
Five tricks to grow your audience using social mediaDave LaFontaine
 
Using social media in news coverage
Using social media in news coverageUsing social media in news coverage
Using social media in news coverageMatt J. Duffy
 
Social Media's New Role in Disaster Response
Social Media's New Role in Disaster ResponseSocial Media's New Role in Disaster Response
Social Media's New Role in Disaster ResponseMeredith Binns
 

Similar to Plug & Play News (20)

Fake news for the masses: evaluating news sources through active learning - L...
Fake news for the masses: evaluating news sources through active learning - L...Fake news for the masses: evaluating news sources through active learning - L...
Fake news for the masses: evaluating news sources through active learning - L...
 
Limmud - Using Social Media to Respond to Trends
Limmud - Using Social Media to Respond to TrendsLimmud - Using Social Media to Respond to Trends
Limmud - Using Social Media to Respond to Trends
 
Long, J. & Hicks, J. Think Before you Link, a Fake News Redux: Identifying bi...
Long, J. & Hicks, J. Think Before you Link, a Fake News Redux: Identifying bi...Long, J. & Hicks, J. Think Before you Link, a Fake News Redux: Identifying bi...
Long, J. & Hicks, J. Think Before you Link, a Fake News Redux: Identifying bi...
 
Sourcing and Verifying Social Content
Sourcing and Verifying Social ContentSourcing and Verifying Social Content
Sourcing and Verifying Social Content
 
The Truth, the Fake, and the Biased.pptx
The Truth, the Fake, and the Biased.pptxThe Truth, the Fake, and the Biased.pptx
The Truth, the Fake, and the Biased.pptx
 
Media Shifts
Media ShiftsMedia Shifts
Media Shifts
 
Situational Awareness Through Social Media
 Situational Awareness Through Social Media  Situational Awareness Through Social Media
Situational Awareness Through Social Media
 
Gannett NJ Social Media Workshop
Gannett NJ Social Media WorkshopGannett NJ Social Media Workshop
Gannett NJ Social Media Workshop
 
An Introduction to Maskirovka aka Information Operations
An Introduction to Maskirovka aka Information OperationsAn Introduction to Maskirovka aka Information Operations
An Introduction to Maskirovka aka Information Operations
 
Can we be faster than disaster bill boyd
Can we be faster than disaster   bill boydCan we be faster than disaster   bill boyd
Can we be faster than disaster bill boyd
 
A Journalist's guide to working with social sources
A Journalist's guide to working with social sourcesA Journalist's guide to working with social sources
A Journalist's guide to working with social sources
 
Applying citizen science model to disaster management
Applying citizen science model to disaster managementApplying citizen science model to disaster management
Applying citizen science model to disaster management
 
How to Think in the Information Age: Finding Facts in a Post-Truth World
How to Think in the Information Age: Finding Facts in a Post-Truth WorldHow to Think in the Information Age: Finding Facts in a Post-Truth World
How to Think in the Information Age: Finding Facts in a Post-Truth World
 
Using social media in breaking news michelle guido - orlando
Using social media in breaking news   michelle guido - orlandoUsing social media in breaking news   michelle guido - orlando
Using social media in breaking news michelle guido - orlando
 
Evert van Bolhuis, Pieter Prins, Marina Martin and Margot Verleg - Do you tru...
Evert van Bolhuis, Pieter Prins, Marina Martin and Margot Verleg - Do you tru...Evert van Bolhuis, Pieter Prins, Marina Martin and Margot Verleg - Do you tru...
Evert van Bolhuis, Pieter Prins, Marina Martin and Margot Verleg - Do you tru...
 
What to Expect When the Unexpected Happens: Social Media Communications Acros...
What to Expect When the Unexpected Happens: Social Media Communications Acros...What to Expect When the Unexpected Happens: Social Media Communications Acros...
What to Expect When the Unexpected Happens: Social Media Communications Acros...
 
Five Social Media Tricks to Grow Your Audience - for Colombia 3.0 Conference
Five Social Media Tricks to Grow Your Audience - for Colombia 3.0 ConferenceFive Social Media Tricks to Grow Your Audience - for Colombia 3.0 Conference
Five Social Media Tricks to Grow Your Audience - for Colombia 3.0 Conference
 
Five tricks to grow your audience using social media
Five tricks to grow your audience using social mediaFive tricks to grow your audience using social media
Five tricks to grow your audience using social media
 
Using social media in news coverage
Using social media in news coverageUsing social media in news coverage
Using social media in news coverage
 
Social Media's New Role in Disaster Response
Social Media's New Role in Disaster ResponseSocial Media's New Role in Disaster Response
Social Media's New Role in Disaster Response
 

Recently uploaded

Mizzima Weekly Analysis & Insight Issue 1
Mizzima Weekly Analysis & Insight Issue 1Mizzima Weekly Analysis & Insight Issue 1
Mizzima Weekly Analysis & Insight Issue 1Mizzima Media
 
24052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
24052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf24052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
24052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
Meta_AI_ads_investigation.pdfldoljjwejolejolol
Meta_AI_ads_investigation.pdfldoljjwejolejololMeta_AI_ads_investigation.pdfldoljjwejolejolol
Meta_AI_ads_investigation.pdfldoljjwejolejololbhavenpr
 
21052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
21052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf21052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
21052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
Textile Waste In India | Textile Waste Management
Textile Waste In India | Textile Waste ManagementTextile Waste In India | Textile Waste Management
Textile Waste In India | Textile Waste ManagementTheUnitedIndian
 
R$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatórios
R$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatóriosR$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatórios
R$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatóriosMaurílio Júnior
 
Embed-3-1-1.pdf The ECI direction on April 2, 2024 can be read here:
Embed-3-1-1.pdf  The ECI direction on April 2, 2024 can be read here:Embed-3-1-1.pdf  The ECI direction on April 2, 2024 can be read here:
Embed-3-1-1.pdf The ECI direction on April 2, 2024 can be read here:bhavenpr
 
May 2024 - Crypto Market Report_FINAL.pdf
May 2024 - Crypto Market Report_FINAL.pdfMay 2024 - Crypto Market Report_FINAL.pdf
May 2024 - Crypto Market Report_FINAL.pdfmanisha194592
 
role of women and girls in various terror groups
role of women and girls in various terror groupsrole of women and girls in various terror groups
role of women and girls in various terror groupssadiakorobi2
 
27052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
27052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf27052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
27052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
Minnesota Timberwolves Bring Ya Ass T Shirt
Minnesota Timberwolves Bring Ya Ass T ShirtMinnesota Timberwolves Bring Ya Ass T Shirt
Minnesota Timberwolves Bring Ya Ass T Shirtniherranjansingha
 
2024 - Love and Madness - a book about love, madness, heartbreak and politics
2024 - Love and Madness - a book about love, madness, heartbreak and politics2024 - Love and Madness - a book about love, madness, heartbreak and politics
2024 - Love and Madness - a book about love, madness, heartbreak and politicsConradSmit5
 
PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...
PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...
PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...Faga1939
 
25052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
25052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf25052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
25052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
23052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
23052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf23052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
23052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
Nika Muhl Visa Approval Shirt, Nika Muhl Visa Approval T-Shirt
Nika Muhl Visa Approval Shirt, Nika Muhl Visa Approval T-ShirtNika Muhl Visa Approval Shirt, Nika Muhl Visa Approval T-Shirt
Nika Muhl Visa Approval Shirt, Nika Muhl Visa Approval T-Shirtniherranjansingha
 
Have A Complimentary Cheat Sheet, On Us!!!
Have A Complimentary Cheat Sheet, On Us!!!Have A Complimentary Cheat Sheet, On Us!!!
Have A Complimentary Cheat Sheet, On Us!!!Abdul-Hakim Shabazz
 
Embed-4-3 (1).pdf cvxx'f['df[p'lf][l][fl][fl][][l[
Embed-4-3 (1).pdf cvxx'f['df[p'lf][l][fl][fl][][l[Embed-4-3 (1).pdf cvxx'f['df[p'lf][l][fl][fl][][l[
Embed-4-3 (1).pdf cvxx'f['df[p'lf][l][fl][fl][][l[bhavenpr
 
Dominican American Coalition PAC Executive Summary
Dominican American Coalition PAC Executive SummaryDominican American Coalition PAC Executive Summary
Dominican American Coalition PAC Executive SummaryRDE GROUP CORP
 
Embed-4-1-1.pdf vm ;sdkp[kdp[kpdkpodp;p;j
Embed-4-1-1.pdf vm ;sdkp[kdp[kpdkpodp;p;jEmbed-4-1-1.pdf vm ;sdkp[kdp[kpdkpodp;p;j
Embed-4-1-1.pdf vm ;sdkp[kdp[kpdkpodp;p;jbhavenpr
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Mizzima Weekly Analysis & Insight Issue 1
Mizzima Weekly Analysis & Insight Issue 1Mizzima Weekly Analysis & Insight Issue 1
Mizzima Weekly Analysis & Insight Issue 1
 
24052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
24052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf24052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
24052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Meta_AI_ads_investigation.pdfldoljjwejolejolol
Meta_AI_ads_investigation.pdfldoljjwejolejololMeta_AI_ads_investigation.pdfldoljjwejolejolol
Meta_AI_ads_investigation.pdfldoljjwejolejolol
 
21052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
21052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf21052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
21052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Textile Waste In India | Textile Waste Management
Textile Waste In India | Textile Waste ManagementTextile Waste In India | Textile Waste Management
Textile Waste In India | Textile Waste Management
 
R$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatórios
R$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatóriosR$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatórios
R$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatórios
 
Embed-3-1-1.pdf The ECI direction on April 2, 2024 can be read here:
Embed-3-1-1.pdf  The ECI direction on April 2, 2024 can be read here:Embed-3-1-1.pdf  The ECI direction on April 2, 2024 can be read here:
Embed-3-1-1.pdf The ECI direction on April 2, 2024 can be read here:
 
May 2024 - Crypto Market Report_FINAL.pdf
May 2024 - Crypto Market Report_FINAL.pdfMay 2024 - Crypto Market Report_FINAL.pdf
May 2024 - Crypto Market Report_FINAL.pdf
 
role of women and girls in various terror groups
role of women and girls in various terror groupsrole of women and girls in various terror groups
role of women and girls in various terror groups
 
27052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
27052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf27052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
27052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Minnesota Timberwolves Bring Ya Ass T Shirt
Minnesota Timberwolves Bring Ya Ass T ShirtMinnesota Timberwolves Bring Ya Ass T Shirt
Minnesota Timberwolves Bring Ya Ass T Shirt
 
2024 - Love and Madness - a book about love, madness, heartbreak and politics
2024 - Love and Madness - a book about love, madness, heartbreak and politics2024 - Love and Madness - a book about love, madness, heartbreak and politics
2024 - Love and Madness - a book about love, madness, heartbreak and politics
 
PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...
PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...
PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...
 
25052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
25052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf25052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
25052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
23052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
23052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf23052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
23052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Nika Muhl Visa Approval Shirt, Nika Muhl Visa Approval T-Shirt
Nika Muhl Visa Approval Shirt, Nika Muhl Visa Approval T-ShirtNika Muhl Visa Approval Shirt, Nika Muhl Visa Approval T-Shirt
Nika Muhl Visa Approval Shirt, Nika Muhl Visa Approval T-Shirt
 
Have A Complimentary Cheat Sheet, On Us!!!
Have A Complimentary Cheat Sheet, On Us!!!Have A Complimentary Cheat Sheet, On Us!!!
Have A Complimentary Cheat Sheet, On Us!!!
 
Embed-4-3 (1).pdf cvxx'f['df[p'lf][l][fl][fl][][l[
Embed-4-3 (1).pdf cvxx'f['df[p'lf][l][fl][fl][][l[Embed-4-3 (1).pdf cvxx'f['df[p'lf][l][fl][fl][][l[
Embed-4-3 (1).pdf cvxx'f['df[p'lf][l][fl][fl][][l[
 
Dominican American Coalition PAC Executive Summary
Dominican American Coalition PAC Executive SummaryDominican American Coalition PAC Executive Summary
Dominican American Coalition PAC Executive Summary
 
Embed-4-1-1.pdf vm ;sdkp[kdp[kpdkpodp;p;j
Embed-4-1-1.pdf vm ;sdkp[kdp[kpdkpodp;p;jEmbed-4-1-1.pdf vm ;sdkp[kdp[kpdkpodp;p;j
Embed-4-1-1.pdf vm ;sdkp[kdp[kpdkpodp;p;j
 

Plug & Play News

  • 1. PLUG & PLAY NEWS Sourcing, verifying and disseminating information in a real-time crisis
  • 3. Informing the public Analysis Explaining context Journalism has(n’t) changed Collaboration Sources Dissemination
  • 4. January 15, 2009 New(s) sources Miracle on the Hudson
  • 5. June 20, 2009 Real-time Death of Neda Agha-Soltan
  • 6. June-July, 2009 Change The world sees a different Iran
  • 8. Traditional media Social media ‘Human intelligence’ Where do I get the info from? Authoritative opinion First-hand accounts
  • 9. ▣Know your social networks ▣Identify key actors ▣Look for users on the ground ▣Engage How to find ‘news’ on social media?
  • 10. Twitter Hashtags are useful in the beginning: ▣ indicate scale of events ▣ help spot key users and related tags ▣ use for initial search, lists and aggregators □ #євромайдан, #евромайдан, #euromaidan Image in the public domain, Wikimedia Commons
  • 11. Over 8,000 tweets per hour22 November, 2013 141,000 followers within few days@euromaidan (@EuroMaydan, @EuroMaydan_eng) Nearly 9,000 tweets per hour1 December, 2013
  • 12. Twitter Once the agenda is set: ▣ users quickly consolidate around ‘official’ accounts ▣ key media is followed anyway
  • 13. Twitter ▣Language barrier - no longer a problem (?)
  • 14. ▣Hashtags are less useful ▣Identify key actors ▣Follow “official” pages ▣Sign up for most popular events Facebook
  • 15. ▣Find groups that organize online Facebook
  • 16. #EuromaidanSOS page and ‘official’ #Euromaidan page
  • 17. ▣Ask people to send you anything that might be of interest ▣Don’t have a network? Build it! □write about them □help connect with other media □share Crowdsourcing content
  • 18.
  • 19. Low online presence No/Limited Internet connection Language barrier Infowars/Ideological modulation of content Hate speech
  • 21. ▣Be sceptical. Be patient □know the context livestreams other media own timeline, links repository, etc. activists ‘Digital innocence’ does not last
  • 22. How sure are you that the info is real? ▣The 5Ws: □who? □where? □when? □what? □why? Peter Trimming, CC-by-SA 2012, geography.co.uk
  • 23. Pics or it didn’t happen (sort of)
  • 24. How sure are you that the image is real? ▣Remember the 5Ws ▣Some tools □Google reverse image search (find original and similar images) □TinEye (find original image, compare) □Jeffrey’s Exif Viewer (metadata if it exists)
  • 25. ▣ Remember the 5Ws ▣ Some tools □Google reverse image search (find original and similar images) ▣ TinEye (find original image, compare) ▣ Jeffrey’s Exif Viewer (metadata if it exists) The magical tool does not exist Absolute certainty vs. acceptable plausibility How sure are you that the image is real?
  • 26. ‘Authoritative’ opinion Uncertainty + anxiety = the two core elements Fear breeds rumour + (Social) media stardom Even good professionals fall to bad info
  • 27. Beware the expert! Case: Bosnia protests and the “violent unification” plot The ‘Slavic’ revolution that wasn’t: Serbian tabloid (gov’t mouthpiece) preys on historical uneasiness benefits wide audience plays with ethnicity/religion not the only such case...
  • 28. Do the accounts belong to real people? ▣When was the account created? □What pictures are there? □What background information is there? Places Relations Contacts ▣Are there any associated accounts? pipl.com Facebook/LinkedIn ?
  • 29. ‘Warning signs’: account created only 16 hrs earlier user photo belongs to someone else actively shared through popular resources identical translations into various languages How to spot a social media fake? Case: Odessa May 2 tragedy ‘witness’ account
  • 31. Correct information, wrong time Tweets and Facebook updates remain online: ▣ sharing continues despite timestamp; ▣ call for action active; ▣ mobilisation continues... May have direct negative impact on situation on the ground
  • 32. Disseminating and publishing ▣ Towards the ‘outside’: □ Wordpress blog: main content point; □ Ushahidi map: incoming damaged areas and emergencies □ Twitter + Facebook: to share further Erase social media updates if no longer applicable
  • 33. In practice ▣ Within the relief team members: □ Several separate Skype group conversations for several topics, □ A closed Facebook group to coordinate verification of incoming information □ Enure need of information is communicated ASAP to both team and public
  • 34. Get organised from the start ▣ assign tasks and roles ▣ define communication channels ▣ know who is where at each moment of shift ▣ define what each tool is used for ▣ identify reliable contacts on the ground + work with Red Cross
  • 36. ▣ Look in the right places ▣ Assume it is fake until proven otherwise ▣ Beware of the limits of technology □ low tech in disaster context □ verification on the ground is crucial in most cases ▣ Right info, right time & the right platform Sourcing, verifying, publishing
  • 37. KEEP LISTENING. KEEP DOUBTING. KEEP CHECKING. KEEP LEARNING. KEEP SHARING. @NikiBGD

Editor's Notes

  1. The session draws on real-life examples and first-hand accounts of reporting on crisis situations in Eastern Europe. However, the know-how and the methods used to source, verify and make critical information available to the public in real time are applicable in similar contexts worldwide. Couple of notes: this is a talk with Q&A not a workshop (due to the time constraints). We had to rework the structure a little bit, because of the absence of Danica. Please bear with us. Pulling RL examples from a number of cases that took place in Eastern Europe: Ukraine’s Euromaidan protests, Bosnian protests and Balkan floods in May of 2014
  2. Rayna
  3. Rayna
  4. Rayna
  5. Rayna
  6. Sourcing news on social media. Focus: #Euromaidan
  7. Rayna
  8. In the next few slides, I will pull examples from the so-called Euromaidan protests in Ukraine of 2013-2014. And while these protests are unique in many ways, I will list certain trends that have been seen in other places where protests and unrest happened, which many of you may recognize. So, frequently, in situations like mass protests, traditional media is no longer the news-breaker, because we have thousands of social media users who are actively creating and sharing content. But how to find “news”? Some tips: Do some research on the social networks themselves (i.e. in Ukraine, a Russian social network Vkontakte is most popular, hailing just over 27 mln users. Facebook, on the contrary is only third when it comes to popularity, with over 3 mln users. However, if you were to search for Euromaidan-related information on Vkontakte you would get only a very small glimpse of the overall picture. Ukrainian journalists know that most traffic from social nets to major news sites comes from Facebook, as this is where the political news is mainly shared and discussed. Thus, it is not surprising that a post which sparked Euromaidan was published on Facebook and that the network has become the key online site for organizing during the protests. Note: The rise of Twitter however, largely happened in parallel with and due to Euromaidan as it has become the source of traffic for news sites only since late 2013.) Identify who are the key actors: when speaking about protests, those could be political figures, popular journalists and bloggers and so on. As events unfold, you will also see key activists emerge online. Alongside key actors, search for users on the ground: do not just look for hashtags! search for check-ins, photos, geotags, and so on. Engage with users online: share interesting content, crowdsource information, etc.
  9. When we talk about Twitter, most people immediately think about the hashtags, right? It is this type of metadata tag that users utilize to identify messages with specific content or theme. And, yes, Hashtags make it easy to see that something important is happening. For example, as soon as pro-EU AA protests have begun in Ukraine, activists quickly adopted three tags: #Euromaidan in Ukr, Rus and Eng. Simply following the tag would reveal the scale of events, help identify popular users (assuming they use the tags), key pieces of information and related hashtags. In the beginning it would be enough just to use the search function, create or follow aggregators (that many activists have set up), compile user lists to filter out hashtag spammers and so on.
  10. Stats for main #euromaidan hashtag in Ukrainian demonstrate the scale of events on two key dates (the first big pro-European protest and a day after violent police crackdown on protest camp) Stats for ‘official’ protest accounts set up on the first day of #Euromaidan
  11. (2) However, it is important to note that researchers and media who gather information about protests using only hashtags are missing a lot of important content. As protests in Ukraine and Turkey have demonstrated, hashtags tend to be dropped once the agenda is set. Thus, in Ukraine activists have quickly consolidated their efforts around key anonymous accounts, which became the ‘official’ accounts of the protests. And while the activists use tags mostly during initial stages of the protests, the key media outlets drop hashtags as they assume pple would follow them anyway.
  12. Social media does not only allow activists to communicate with each other, but also lets them tell their story to the world without intermediaries. This is especially true in places where domestic media is reluctant to cover such events as protests or unrest due to censorship. The good news here is that, if something big is happening, - chances are, someone will be Tweeting in English. (This is true about other social media as well, but Twitter is, for obvious reasons, the most convenient place to provide content in numerous languages). For example, in Ukraine, alongside ‘official’ accounts in Ukrainian/Russian an Anglophone Twitter account of the protests has been set up right away. And here are some examples of visuals activists created in English to deliver their message, while the international media was still painting the protests in pro-Russia vs pro-European terms.
  13. How to find important content on Facebook? Not all users on Twitter use hashtags. On Facebook people use them even less. Do not rely on them for finding important content! Since most of political discussions in Ukraine take place on Facebook, some of key users have emerged even before the protests began. In the age of social media it is not surprising that many of the most popular users on Facebook happened to be journalists (people well-connected to both sides of the media world), but also politicians (in our case, the opposition), political bloggers and other public opinion leaders. As events unfolded, many activists have also emerged on Facebook and became the source of important information for protests as well as the media. Just like on Twitter, ‘official’ protest page has also been set up on Facebook and consequently broke the record in Ukraine on the speed of accumulating followers. Another source of important information had been various Facebook ‘events’ created by users to engage people in the protests. Most popular events (with tens of thousands of ‘participants’) have provided the space for sharing important updates, instructions and so on. Finally, if Twitter had been instrumental in informing people inside and outside Ukraine about #Euromaidan, Facebook has become the main platform for organizing (something that happened not only in Ukraine, but other places as well). Various groups ranging from those offering legal aid, medical help, supplies to protests and so on used Facebook to communicate and organize. In many cases their information was publicly available to everyone including media.
  14. Finally, if Twitter had been instrumental in informing people inside and outside Ukraine about #Euromaidan, Facebook has become the main platform for online-ofline organizing (something that happened not only in Ukraine, but other places as well). Various groups ranging from those offering legal aid, medical help, supplies to protests and so on used Facebook to communicate and organize. In many cases their information was publicly available to everyone including media.
  15. Stats on ‘official’ Facebook page: 76,000 followers in just eight days, > 200,000 followers within the first ten weeks of the protests (a record in Ukraine) FacebookSOS - sharing information about injured in clashes with police, missing persons, and so on. Frequently a source of latest updates for activists and an information vehicle for fighting repressions.
  16. Another important way to use social media for finding important content is crowdsourcing. Doing it is not as difficult as it may seem. When writing about #Euromaidan I would sometimes just announce the topic I was working on at the moment on Facebook and ask people to send me anything that they found interesting. Frequently people sent me something I have already seen, but even more often they sent me things I would have missed if it weren’t for their help. This could be done even if you do not have a network of Facebook friends or Twitter followers from a country in question. The best way to grow such network is by engaging with users. If you are a media representative, the easiest way to score some points with someone is to write about them. Especially if they are anti-government activists in a country where domestic media exercises self-censorship. Another way to engage with users is by putting them in touch with other media representatives who are interested in covering these events. Finally, if you are confident in their content you can simply share it.
  17. An example of a crowdsourced post about #Euromaidan on Global Voices. While the media all over the world was publishing pictures of the square in flames, we asked people to send us photos that would show a different side of the story (i.e. protesters playing music, decorating their tents, cooking food on Maidan, helping each other and so on. (This is a photo of protesters pushing a car up the iced street above Maidan). This post has become quite popular. I think it got over 700 likes on Facebook or something like that very quickly.
  18. A few words of caution about the crowdsourced content (and any other content for that matter). Make your own verification attempts. Accept the fact that sometimes only traditional media outlets have the capacity to verify certain content. Cooperate! Social media users do not have fact checking skills (at least not all of them), therefore they disseminate what they believe is true. And even in places where people are new to social media, and where in the beginning it is just your progressive crowd and the trustworthy activists… The more people join and the more they use the service, the sooner they learn to manipulate it. Problematic material may range from accidental fakes to a well-organized misinformation attempt. We will speak about specific tools in a little bit, however, one way to spot misinformation is knowing the context well. Because of social media, often you do not even have to be physically in the place of an event to have a good understanding of what has happened. Sometimes it is enough to watch livestreams, follow reports of trusted traditional media and social media users (It is like me walking around Maidan without the computer and being like, ‘Ok, this is cool, but what’s up? what’s happening?). It is helpful to keep your own timeline of events, aggregate useful links and materials in any way convenient for you. Sometimes activists can be of assistance in verifying crucial pieces of information. It is possible to cooperate with individual social media users or online initiatives. At other times only traditional media has the capacity to verify something by traditional means, simply because it has more resources to do so.
  19. Rayna
  20. People believe images more Images are relatively easy to manipulate
  21. Rayna
  22. Rayna
  23. Frequently, we we try to verify social media content, we are faced with having to verify the identity of the users that generate it. Here, an important question to ask ourselves is do the account look like they belong to ‘real’ people. pipl.com, Facebook search, LinkedIn But even w/o the tools, you would not believe how much information about themselves people are sharing online!
  24. In Ukraine we have not only faced some accidental fake, but have also come across rather well-organized misinformation attempts. A case of a fake Odessa May 2 tragedy ‘witness’ account is a good example of such an attempt. Thus, as an aftermath of Euromaidan uprising in Kyiv, clashes between pro-Russian and pro-Ukrainian protesters took place on the streets of a Southern city of Odessa. The clashes culminated outside Odesa Trade Unions building, which then caught fire under unclear circumstances. As a result of the fire, over 40 pro-Russian activists that barricaded in the building had died. Shortly after the tragedy, a Facebook post by an alleged emergency room doctor Igor Rogosovsky, who supposedly tried to provide medical aid to the injured inside the Trade Unions Bldng had began making rounds on Facebook. Acc to the doctor’s account, he’d been prevented from tending to the dying person by the pro-Ukrainain “combatants”, who then threatened him and other Jews of Odesa with physical violence. This horrifying story has been shared over 2,000 times in just 15 hrs and continued gaining popularity. However, upon examining it closer, some users have noted that an account of alleged emergency room doctor has been set up only 16hrs earlier and contained no other information about his life in Odesa before May 2014 events. Moreover, a simple search revealed that his profile photo has actually belonged to another doctor - a dentist from Karachaevo-Cherkessia, Russia. Other ‘warning signs’ about the content included it being actively shared through popular groups and pages, and, when it became popular enough, translations into different languages had been shared on international media pages and news sites. The story was also shared in Jewish online communities and in comment sections on news sites. Curiously, the translations into different languages shared by different users were seemingly identical. Whoever was behind this fake was interested in aiding a narrative popular with Russian and other foreign media that often painted EuroMaidan protesters as far-right radicals. The page of the alleged doctor from Odesa has since been removed. http://blogs.pravda.com.ua/authors/savanevsky/5365f834c31e7/